List of earthquakes in Nepal

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Lying in one of the most seismically active regions of the world, Nepal has a long history of earthquakes. The first documented earthquake event in the country dates back to 7 June 1255, during the reign of King Abhaya Malla. The quake, measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, took the life of the king and wiped out a third of Kathmandu's then population.[1] Nepal has witnessed at least one major earthquake per century ever since.

The following is a list of earthquakes in Nepal. It includes only major seismic events with their epicentre in the country, and those that occurred outside the country, that resulted in a significant loss of life and property in the country.

List[edit]

Date Time‡ Place Lat Long Deaths Mag. Comments Sources
1255, 7 June Kathmandu 27.7 85.3 2,200 7.8 [2]
1260 Sagarmatha 27.1 86.8 100 7.1 [3]
1344 Mechi 27.5 87.5 100 7.9 [3]
1408 August Near Nepal-Tibet Border, Bagmati zone 27.9 86.0 2,500 8.2 [3]
1505, 6 June Near Saldang, Karnali zone
see 1505 Lo Mustang earthquake
29.5 83.0 6,000 8.7 [3]
1681 January Northern Kosi zone 27.6 87.1 4,500 8.0 [3]
1767 July Northern Bagmati zone 28.0 85.5 4,000 7.9 [3]
1833, 26 August Kathmandu/Bihar 27.9 85.5 6,500 8.0 Ms [4]
1869, 7 July Kathmandu 27.7 85.3 750 6.5 Ms [5]
1916, 28 August 06:39 Nepal/Tibet 30.0 81.0 3,500 7.7 Ms [6]
1934, 15 January 08:43 Nepal/India/Tibet
see 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake
26.773 86.762 8,519 8.0 Mw [7]
1966, 27 June 10:41 Nepal/India border 29.554 80.854 80 6.3 Ms [8]
1980, 29 July 14:58 Nepal/Pithoragarh 29.598 81.092 200 6.5 Ms [9]
1988, 20 August 23:09 Kathmandu/Bihar
see 1988 Nepal earthquake
26.775 86.616 1,091 6.6 Ms [10]
2011, 18 September 18:29 Sikkim, India 27.33 88.62 111 6.9 Ms
2015, 25 April 11:56:26 Kathmandu/India/Tibet
see April 2015 Nepal earthquake
and list of 2015 aftershocks
28.147 84.708 8,922 7.8 Mw [11]
2015, 12 May 12:38 IST Nepal/China/India/Bangladesh
see May 2015 Nepal earthquake
(one of the 2015 aftershocks)
27.97 85.96 213 7.3

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dixit, Kunda (13 January 2016). "Stirred, not shaken". Nepali Times. Retrieved 26 October 2016. The last one in 1255 killed one-third of the Valley’s population, including King Abhaya Malla.
  2. ^ "Comments for the 1255 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Historical Earthquakes in Nepal". Disaster Preparedness Network Nepal. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Comments for the 1833 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Comments for the 1869 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Comments for the 1916 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Comments for the 1934 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Comments for the 1966 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Comments for the 1980 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Comments for the 1988 earthquake". National Geophysical Data Center. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  11. ^ "M7.9 – 29 km ESE of Lamjung, Nepal". United States Geological Survey. 25 April 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2015.