List of earthquakes in Pakistan

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Earthquake hazard zones of Pakistan

Pakistan is situated at the north western side of the Indian subcontinent and overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates. Its Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the north-western corner of the Indian plate while Balochistan and most of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa lie within the Eurasian plate which mainly comprises the Iranian plateau, some parts of the Middle East and Central Asia. Therefore, it has a history of earthquakes. The Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir lie mainly in Central Asia along the edge of the Indian plate and hence are prone to violent earthquakes where the two tectonic plates collide.

The following is a list of major earthquakes affecting Pakistan.

Date, Time Latitude/Longitude Magnitude Deaths Injuries and Destruction District/Province Article/Description
893-894[1] 24°50′N 67°50′E / 24.83°N 67.83°E / 24.83; 67.83 8 150,000 Shahbandar, Sindh Near Jungshahi(Lower Sindh)
2 May 1668 [2] 24°N 68°E / 24°N 68°E / 24; 68 7.6 50,000 Shahbandar, Sindh Near Shahbunder(Lower Sindh)
16 June 1819 [3] 23°36′N 69°36′E / 23.600°N 69.600°E / 23.600; 69.600 7.5 3,200 Allahbund, Sindh Near Pakistan-India border 1819 Rann of Kutch earthquake
24 September 1827 [2] 31°36′N 74°18′E / 31.600°N 74.300°E / 31.600; 74.300 7.8 1,000 Lahore, Punjab
24 January 1852 [2] 29°18′N 68°48′E / 29.300°N 68.800°E / 29.300; 68.800 8 Kahan, Balochistan
22 January 1865 [4] 34°00′N 71°33′E / 34°N 71.55°E / 34; 71.55 6 Peshawar
1883[citation needed] Jhalawan, Balochistan
1889[5] 27°45′N 67°10′E / 27.75°N 67.17°E / 27.75; 67.17 8 Jhalawan, Balochistan
20 December 1892 [6][7] 30°50′N 66°31′E / 30.83°N 66.52°E / 30.83; 66.52 6.8 Qilla Abdullah, Balochistan Chaman Fault
21 October 1909 [8] 29°N 68°E / 29°N 68°E / 29; 68 7 100 Sibi, Balochistan between Loralai and Sibi
1 February 1929 at 17:14[citation needed] 36°30′N 70°30′E / 36.500°N 70.500°E / 36.500; 70.500 7 Sibi, Balochistan Between Loralai and Sibi
24 August 1931 [8] 30°23′N 67°41′E / 30.38°N 67.68°E / 30.38; 67.68 7 Sharigh Valley, Balochistan
27 August 1931 [8] 29°55′N 67°15′E / 29.91°N 67.25°E / 29.91; 67.25 7.4 Mach, Balochistan
31 May 1935 at 21:56 UTC 28°52′0″N 66°23′0″E / 28.86667°N 66.38333°E / 28.86667; 66.38333 7.7 30,000 - 60,000 Ali Jaan, Balochistan 1935 Balochistan earthquake
28 November 1945 at 05:26 PST 97.6 km SSW of Pasni City 8.1 4,000 tsunami Balochistan 1945 Balochistan earthquake
28 December 1974, at 12:11 UTC 35°06′N 72°54′E / 35.100°N 72.900°E / 35.100; 72.900 6.2 5,300 17,000 injured Hunza, Hazara and Swat districts; North-West Frontier Province 1974 Hunza earthquake
8 October 2005 at 08:50:38 34°29′35″N 73°37′44″E / 34.49306°N 73.62889°E / 34.49306; 73.62889 7.6 or 7.8 80,000 3.5 million people homeless Muzaffarabad District, Azad State of Jammu and Kashmir & North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan 2005 Kashmir earthquake
29 October 2008 at 04:09 30°39′11″N 67°19′23″E / 30.65306°N 67.32306°E / 30.65306; 67.32306 6.4 215 120,000 homeless Ziarat District, Quetta 2008 Pakistan earthquake
18 January 2011 at 20:23:17 UTC 28°49′37″N 63°58′26″E / 28.827°N 63.974°E / 28.827; 63.974 7.2 2011 Pakistan earthquake
24 September 2013 at 11:29:48 UTC 27°00′58″N 65°32′49″E / 27.016°N 65.547°E / 27.016; 65.547 7.8 370 Awaran District, Balochistan 2013 Pakistan earthquake [9]
28 September 2013 at 07:34 UTC 27°14′N 65°34′E / 27.24°N 65.56°E / 27.24; 65.56 6.8 400 Awaran District, Balochistan
8 May 2014 at 22:51:15 UTC[10] 26°23′13″N 68°21′29″E / 26.387°N 68.358°E / 26.387; 68.358 4.5 2[11] Sindh 2014 Pakistan earthquake

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H.(1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.805, Appendix 3, citing Oldham, T. (1882) '"A catalogue of Indian earthquakes from the earliest time to the end of A.D. 1869" Memoirs of Geological Survey of India 19: pp. 163-215
  2. ^ a b c Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H.(1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.805-806, Appendix 3, citing Oldham, T. (1882) '"A catalogue of Indian earthquakes from the earliest time to the end of A.D. 1869" Memoirs of Geological Survey of India 19: pp. 163-215; and Milne, J. (1912) "Catalogue of destructive earthquakes" British Assoc. Adv. Sci. Report of the Portsmouth Meeting, 1911 Appendix I, pp. 649-740.
  3. ^ Oldham, R. (1926) "The Cutch (Kachh) earthquake of 16th June 1819 with a revision of the great earthquake of 12th June 1897" Memoirs of Geological Survey of India 46: pp. 1-77
  4. ^ Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H.(1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.807, Appendix 3, citing Oldham, T. (1882) '"A catalogue of Indian earthquakes from the earliest time to the end of A.D. 1869" Memoirs of Geological Survey of India 19: pp. 163-215; and Ambraseys, N.; Lensen, G. and Moinfar, A. (1975) The Pattan earthquake of 28 December 1974 UNESCO, Paris (Serial No. FMR/SC/GEO/75/134), 41 pp.
  5. ^ Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H.(1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.807, Appendix 3, citing West, W. D. (1934) "The Baluchistan earthquakes of August 25th and 27th, 1931" Memoirs of Geological Survey of India 67: pp. 1-82; and West, W. D. (1935) "Preliminary geological report on the Baluchistan (Quetta) earthquake of May 31st, 1935" Records Geological Survey of India 69: pp. 203-240.
  6. ^ Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H.(1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.791
  7. ^ Lawrence , R. D.; Khan, S. Hasan and Nakata, T. (1992) "Chaman fault, Pakistan-Afghanistan" In Bucknam, R. C. and Hancock, P. L. (eds.) (1992) Major active faults of the world—Results of IGCP project 206 Annales Tectonicae 6(supplement): pp. 196–223
  8. ^ a b c Quittmeyer, R. C. and Jacob, K. H. (1979) "Historical and modern seismicity of Pakistan, Afghanistan, northwestern India, and southeastern Iran" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 69: pp. 773–823, p.792
  9. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-24222760
  10. ^ "M4.5 - 8km SSE of Daur, Pakistan". United States Geological Survey. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "2 killed, 50 injured in S. Pakistan quake". worldbulletin. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 

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