List of ecclesiastical basilicas in Rome

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Tintinnabulum and conopaeum, one of the privileges granted to a basilica

The following is a List of Basilicas in Rome. An ecclesiastical basilica is a Roman Catholic church building which has been granted special status by the Pope. There are 66 such churches in Rome, more than any other city,[Note 1] and more than 125 of the 131 countries in the world that have basilicas.[Note 2]

Major Basilicas in Rome[edit]

There are four major basilicas of the Catholic Church: All four are in Rome, and are distinguished by their having a holy door and for being prescribed as destinations for visits as one of the conditions for gaining the Roman Jubilee. They are also signified by an Umbraculum (a baldachin resembling an umbrella, made of cloth of gold and red velvet) and a Tintinnabulum (a small bell mounted on a pole). The four are also designated Papal basilicas, so that only the Pope or his delegate may celebrate Mass at the high altar.

Basilica Municipality Year of creation number
(per source.[1])
Image
San Giovanni in Laterano Municipio I ancient 1 Facade San Giovanni in Laterano 2006-09-07.jpg.
San Pietro in Vaticano Vatican City ancient 2 Petersdom von Engelsburg gesehen.jpg .
San Paolo fuori le Mura Municipio VIII ancient 3 Roma San Paolo fuori le mura BW 1.JPG .
Santa Maria Maggiore Municipio I ancient 4 SantaMariaMaggiore front.jpg .

Minor papal basilicas[edit]

Several minor basilicas are also designated as papal basilicas; there is one such in Rome,

Basilica Municipality Year of creation number
(per source.[1])
Image
San Lorenzo fuori le Mura Municipio II ancient 5 San Lorenzo fuori le mura - facade.jpg.

Minor basilicas[edit]

A minor basilica is a church designated as such by apostolic grant (or from immemorial custom) as an outstanding centre of pastoral and liturgical excellence. They are often also sites of pilgrimage. Minor basilicas are also marked by the tintinnabulum and umbraculum, though for a minor basilica this is of yellow and red silk.

Basilica Municipality Year of creation number
(per source.[1])
Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e San Filippo in Via Aurelia Municipio XIII 1991 487
Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re Municipio I 1965 393
Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio Municipio I 1921 187
Sacro Cuore Immacolato di Maria ai Parioli Municipio II 1959 357
Sant'Agnese fuori le mura Municipio II ancient 12
Sant'Agostino in Campo Marzio Municipio I 1999 521
Santi Ambrogio e Carlo al Corso Municipio I 1929 227
Sant'Anastasia al Palatino Municipio I ancient 13
Sant'Andrea delle Fratte Municipio I 1942 258
Sant'Andrea della Valle Municipio I 1965 399
Sant'Antonio da Padova in Via Merulana Municipio I 1931 232
Sant'Apollinare alle Terme Municipio I 1984 466
Santi Apostoli Pietro e Paolo Municipio IX 1967 403
Santa Balbina all'Aventino Municipio I ancient 14
San Bartolomeo Apostolo all'Isola Municipio I ancient 15
Santi Bonifacio e Alessio Municipio I ancient 16
San Camillo de Lellis Municipio I 1965 392
Santa Cecilia in Trastevere Municipio I ancient 17
Santi Celso e Giuliano Municipio I ancient 18
San Clemente al Laterano Municipio I ancient 19
Santi Cosma e Damiano in Via Sacra Municipio I ancient 20
San Crisogono in Trastevere Municipio I ancient 21
Santa Croce in Gerusalemme Municipio I ancient 22
Santa Croce in Via Flaminia Municipio II 1964 387
Santi Dodici Apostoli Municipio I ancient 23
San Eugenio Municipio II 1951 306
San Eustachio Municipio I ancient 24
San Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini Municipio I 1918 181
San Giovanni Bosco Municipio VII 1965 394
Santi Giovanni e Paolo al Celio Municipio I ancient 25
San Giuseppe al Trionfale Municipio XIII 1970 404
San Lorenzo in Damaso Municipio I ancient 26
San Lorenzo in Lucina Municipio I 1908 160
San Marco Evangelista al Campidoglio Municipio I ancient 27
Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri Municipio I 1920 186
Santa Maria in Aracoeli Municipio I ancient 30
Santa Maria Ausiliatrice Municipio VIII 1969 407
Santa Maria in Cosmedin Municipio I ancient 31
Santa Maria ad Martyres in Campo (Pantheon) Municipio I ancient 28
Santa Maria sopra Minerva Municipio I ancient 35
Santa Maria in Montesanto Municipio I 1825 126
Santa Maria Nova (Santa Francesca Romana) Municipio I ancient 34
Santa Maria del Popolo Municipio I ancient 29
Santa Maria Regina degli Apostoli alla Montagnola Municipio IX 1984 467
Santa Maria in Trastevere Municipio I ancient 32
Santa Maria in Via Lata Municipio I ancient 33
San Martino ai Monti Municipio I ancient 26
San Nicola in Carcere Municipio I ancient 37
San Pancrazio Municipio XII ancient 38
San Pietro in Vincoli Municipio I ancient 39
Santa Prassede all'Esquilino Municipio I ancient 40
Santa Pudenziana al Viminale Municipio I ancient 41
Santi Quattro Coronati al Laterano Municipio I ancient 42
San Saba Municipio I ancient 43
Santa Sabina all'Aventino Municipio I ancient 44
San Sebastiano fuori le mura Municipio VIII ancient 45
San Sisto Vecchio in Via Appia Municipio I ancient 46
Santa Sofia Municipio XIII 1998 508
Santo Stefano Rotondo Municipio I ancient 47
Santa Teresa d'Avila Municipio I 1951 309
Santi Vitale e Compagni Martiri in Fovea Municipio I ancient 48

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The city with the next largest number after Rome is Buenos Aires, with 15 (See here)
  2. ^ Only Germany (73), USA (74), Spain (108), Poland (125), France (169) and Italy itself (543) have more basilicas than the city of Rome. See here)

References[edit]

Sources[edit]