List of edible salts

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Edible salts, also known as table salts, are derived from mining (rock salt) or evaporation (including sea salt). Edible salts may be identified by such characteristics as their geographic origin, method of preparation, natural impurities, additives, flavourings, or intended purpose (such as pickling or curing).

Name Image Type Notes
Alpenbergkern Salt Rock Salt from the Salzkammergut area in the Alps. This salt contains 84 minerals. Its high iron content gives it a unique and a tan color.
Anglesey Sea Salt Also known as (Halen Môn), a Welsh sea salt extracted from salt flakes harvested from the Menai Strait in Anglesey (PDO)[1]
Alaea salt Alaea salt.jpg A Hawaiian-style sea salt mixed with a red volcanic clay
Black lava salt Black Salt.jpg A salt colored with activated charcoal. Hawaiian manufacture among others.
Brine A saltwater used in the preservation of food
Cooking salt Comparison of Table Salt with Kitchen Salt.png A coarse salt that is used in cooking but not at the table.
Curing salt Prague powder No 1.jpg A salt containing sodium nitrate, used in the preservation of meats[2]
Dead Sea salt Dead Sea salt refers to salt extracted or taken from the Dead Sea
Flake salt A type of salt with flake-shaped crystals
Fleur de sel FleurDeSel.JPG A hand-harvested sea salt
Halite Selpologne.jpg Rock The mineral term for rock salt
Himalayan salt Himalaya-Salz-1.jpg Rock A rock salt with a pink color, mined in India and Pakistan
Jukyeom A Korean salt roasted in bamboo
Kalahari Salt From the Kalahari desert salt pans
Kala Namak (Black Salt) Black Salt (crystals).jpg Rock A south Asian condiment made of black rock salt or manufactured
Khoisan Salt Pearls South African Sea Salt
Kitchen salt Comparison of Table Salt with Kitchen Salt.png A coarse salt that is used in cooking but not at the table
Kosher salt Kosher Salt.JPG A large-grained, non-iodised salt
Maldon sea salt Sea salt flakes harvested in the River Blackwater, Essex, UK
Maras Salt Salt ponds are more commonly found on coastal plains, filled with seawater from the incoming tide. The ones in Peru are at an altitude of 3,000 metres. It’s a long way to the ocean, but it wasn’t always so; this impressive mountain range was once part the sea floor.

The movement of tectonic plates pushed the seabed up to form the Andes. The sea salt was locked into the rocks and filters out through the Qoripujio spring, which is then routed to roughly 5,000 evap ponds staggered down the valley in terraces.

Murray River Salt Flakes Salt from the Australian Murray River basin. Peach-coloured flake salt. The salt contains calcium and magnesium and has a relatively mild taste.
Namibian Salt Pearls Formed naturally by the Namibian Berg Wind as they tumble on the water's edge
Persian Blue Fine Salt Rock It’s extracted from a salt mine in the northern province of Semnan in Iran. The intriguing blue colour occurs during the forming of the salt’s crystalline structure, as intense pressure is exerted on the salt deposits. The individual crystals fracture the light in an unusual way and the resulting blue (which is caused by an optical illusion), becomes visible.
Pickling salt A fine-grained, non-iodised salt used for pickling
Sal de Tavira A Portuguese sea salt extracted from salt pans on the Atlantic coast (PDO)[3]
Sale Marino di Trapani Trapani Salzlager.jpg An Italian sea salt extracted from the salt pans of Trapani, Paceco and Marsala (PGI)[4]
Sea salt France-Noirmoutier-Sel brut.jpg Generic term for salt derived from evaporation or reduction of sea water. Mineral content varies with locale and drying process.
Sel gris A French-style sea salt
Sel de Guérande A French sea salt from the salt marshes of the Guérande Peninsula (PGI)[5]
Smoked salt Smoked-Salt 008.jpg Flavoured or
seasoned
Flavor altered by type of wood used or length of smoke process
Utah Salt Rock From an underground salt deposit in Central Utah. The deposit was left there by an ancient sea that covered much of North America millions of years ago

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Anglesey Sea Salt'/'Halen Môn'". OJEU. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  2. ^ Bitterman, M. (2010). "Salt Reference Guide". Salted: A Manifesto on the World's Most Essential Mineral, with Recipes. Random House. p. 187. ISBN 1580082629. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  3. ^ "Sal de Tavira'/'Flor de Sal de Tavira'". OJEU. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  4. ^ "'Sale Marino di Trapani'". OJEU. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
  5. ^ "'Sel de Guérande/Fleur de sel de Guérande'". OJEU. Retrieved 2014-03-22.