List of elected British politicians who have changed party affiliation

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This is a list of members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, the House of Lords, British members of the European Parliament, members of the British devolved assemblies (such as Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly, Northern Ireland Assembly) and Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) who have changed their party affiliation (i.e. abandoning a previous party membership to take up a new one) or who have resigned from, been suspended from or been expelled from their previous party affiliation, making them independents. When a member of a legislature switches from one party to another, this is called crossing the floor. The list details the dates, members involved, previous and new party affiliations, and an explanation for their switch.

Contents

Members of Parliament who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

MPs 1680–1832[edit]

1698 John Grubham Howe Whig Tory
1707 Sir Robert Harley Whig Tory
1725 John Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke Whig Tory
Sir William Pulteney Whig Tory
1793 William Windham Whig Independent
1795 Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh Whig Tory
Thomas Pelham Whig Tory
1810 Charles Williams-Wynn Whig Tory Tried to create a third political party, failed and joined the Tories.
1822 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Tory Whig
1828 Charles Williams-Wynn Tory Whig Was not offered a position in Government.
1834 Whig Tory Offered position in Government.

1832–1847 Parliaments[edit]

1834 Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet Whig Conservative Resigned as First Lord of the Admiralty
Lord Stanley Whig Conservative Resigned as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies[1]
Lord George Bentinck Whig Conservative
Bingham Baring Whig Conservative
1846 William Ewart Gladstone Conservative Peelite Resigned as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Henry Goulburn Conservative Peelite Resigned as Chancellor of the Exchequer
Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet Conservative Peelite Resigned as Home Secretary
Sidney Herbert Conservative Peelite Resigned as Secretary at War
John Young Conservative Peelite Resigned as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
Edward Cardwell Conservative Peelite Resigned as Financial Secretary to the Treasury

1847–1886 Parliaments[edit]

1847 Sir John Young, 2nd Baronet Conservative Peelite
Lord Ernest Bruce Conservative Peelite
Henry Bingham Baring Conservative Peelite
1852 Frederick Peel Conservative Peelite
Henry FitzRoy Conservative Peelite
1853 Lord Alfred Hervey Conservative Peelite
Frederick Peel Peelite Liberal
Sir John Young, 2nd Baronet Peelite Conservative
1857 James Stuart-Wortley Conservative Liberal
1859 William Ewart Gladstone Peelite Liberal
1868 Edward James Saunderson Liberal Conservative
1879 James Yeaman Liberal Conservative

1886–1900 Parliaments[edit]

1886 Joseph Chamberlain Liberal Liberal Unionist Created the Liberal Unionist Party after disagreeing with William Gladstone and splitting over Home Rule for Ireland
Was the President of the Board of Trade until his defection.
Sir Henry James Liberal Liberal Unionist Was the Attorney-General until his defection.
Edward Heneage Liberal Liberal Unionist Was the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster until his defection.
The Marquess of Hartington Liberal Liberal Unionist Was the Secretary of State for War until his defection.
Sir George Otto Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist Was the Secretary for Scotland until his defection.[2]
Leonard Courtney Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Shepherd Allen Liberal Liberal Unionist
Walter Morrison Liberal Liberal Unionist
Arthur Pease Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Henry Havelock-Allan, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Corbett Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Cornwallis-West Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Crossman Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Westlake Liberal Liberal Unionist
Henry Brand Liberal Liberal Unionist
Donald Currie Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Dixon Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Cuthbert Quilter, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
John William Ramsden Liberal Liberal Unionist
Charles Pelham Villiers Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Robert Anstruther, 5th Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir George Macpherson-Grant, 3rd Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Ernest Noel Liberal Liberal Unionist
Alexander Craig Sellar Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Wilson Liberal Liberal Unionist
David Davies Liberal Liberal Unionist
Robert Bickersteth Liberal Liberal Unionist
Edward Watkin Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Lymington Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Wolmer Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Ebrington Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Howick Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Baring Liberal Liberal Unionist
Viscount Lambton Liberal Liberal Unionist
Lord Richard Grosvenor Liberal Liberal Unionist
Lord Edward Cavendish Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Thomas Grove, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Robert Jardine, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Savile Brinton Crossley, 2nd Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir John St Aubyn, 2nd Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Hugh Elliot Liberal Liberal Unionist
Arthur Elliot Liberal Liberal Unionist
Andrew Fairbairn Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Charles Seely, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Alexander Brown, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Savile Crossley Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Henry Wiggin, 1st Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Lubbock Liberal Liberal Unionist
Francis Taylor Liberal Liberal Unionist
Richard Frederick Fotheringham Campbell Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Wentworth-FitzWilliam Liberal Liberal Unionist
Archibald Corbett Liberal Liberal Unionist
Jesse Collings Liberal Liberal Unionist
Thomas Buchanan Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Dixon Liberal Liberal Unionist
Thomas Sutherland Liberal Liberal Unionist
Charles James Monk Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Kenrick Liberal Liberal Unionist
Robert Jasper More Liberal Liberal Unionist
Cathcart Wason Liberal Liberal Unionist
Lewis Fry Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Corbett Liberal Liberal Unionist
Mitchell Henry Liberal Liberal Unionist
Richard Biddulph Martin Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir John Pender Liberal Liberal Unionist
Henry Meysey-Thompson Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Pitt-Lewis Liberal Liberal Unionist
Alfred Barnes Liberal Liberal Unionist
Lewis McIver Liberal Liberal Unionist
Richard Chamberlain Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Salis-Schwabe Liberal Liberal Unionist
Francis William Maclean Liberal Liberal Unionist
Francis Bingham Mildmay Liberal Liberal Unionist
Hamar Alfred Bass Liberal Liberal Unionist
Henry Hobhouse Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Pirrie Sinclair Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Jenkins Liberal Liberal Unionist
Robert Finlay Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Bickford-Smith Liberal Liberal Unionist
Robert Thornhagh Gurdon Liberal Liberal Unionist
Charles Fraser-Mackintosh Liberal Liberal Unionist
Lewis Fry Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Hastings Liberal Liberal Unionist
Henry Howard Liberal Liberal Unionist
Joseph Powell-Williams Liberal Liberal Unionist
Thomas Richardson Liberal Liberal Unionist
Sir Julian Goldsmid, 3rd Baronet Liberal Liberal Unionist
Peter Rylands Liberal Liberal Unionist
John Bright Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Kenrick Liberal Liberal Unionist
Jesse Collings Liberal Liberal Unionist
James William Barclay Liberal Liberal Unionist
Frederick William Grafton Liberal Liberal Unionist
Alfred Barnes Liberal Liberal Unionist
Michael Biddulph Liberal Liberal Unionist
Nevil Story Maskelyne Liberal Liberal Unionist
Edmond Wodehouse Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Sproston Caine Liberal Liberal Unionist
Henry Frederick Beaumont Liberal Liberal Unionist
Greville Richard Vernon Liberal Liberal Unionist
1888 Henry Wentworth-FitzWilliam Liberal Liberal Unionist
Cunninghame Graham Liberal Independent
Thomas Buchanan Liberal Unionist Liberal
Sir Thomas Grove, 1st Baronet Liberal Unionist Liberal
1892 Benjamin Hingley Liberal Unionist Liberal
1893 George Joachim Goschen Liberal Unionist Conservative
Thomas Henry Bolton Liberal Liberal Unionist
William Grenfell Liberal Conservative
1898 George Doughty Liberal Liberal Unionist
1899 Leonard Courtney Liberal Unionist Liberal
1900 George Whiteley Conservative Liberal  Stood for Pudsey as Liberal in the 1900 election after standing down as Conservative MP for Stockport.[3]

1900–1906 Parliament[edit]

1902 Cathcart Wason Liberal Unionist Liberal Resigned seat and fought by-election as an Independent Liberal
1903 Michael Foster Liberal Unionist Liberal  
John William Wilson Liberal Unionist Liberal  
31 May 1904 Winston Churchill Conservative Liberal  Changed party over dismay at the Conservative party becoming more "protectionist"[4]
1904 John Eustace Jameson Irish Parliamentary Conservative  
Jack Seely Conservative Liberal  
Ivor Guest Conservative Liberal  
Ernest Hatch Conservative Liberal  
George Kemp Liberal Unionist Liberal  
Lord Richard Cavendish Liberal Unionist Liberal  
Edward Hain Liberal Unionist Liberal  
Richard Bell Labour Liberal  
November 1904 Richard Rigg Liberal Conservative  Joined Conservatives because "he found himself in agreement with the Conservative government on so many key issues"[5]
1905 John Dickson-Poynder Conservative Liberal  
1906 John Eldon Gorst Conservative Free Trader  

1906–December 1910 Parliaments[edit]

1906 Carlyon Bellairs Liberal Liberal Unionist  
Austin Taylor Conservative Liberal  
John William Wilson Liberal Unionist Liberal  
1907 Leslie Renton Liberal Liberal Unionist  
1908 Archibald Corbett Liberal Unionist Liberal Re-joined Liberal Party
1909 Alexander Cross Liberal Unionist Liberal  
Arthur Elliot Liberal Unionist Independent Stood as an independent
Thomas Kincaid-Smith Liberal Independent Stood as an independent
Enoch Edwards Liberal Labour
Frederick Hall Liberal Labour
William Johnson Liberal Labour
1910 William Abraham Liberal Labour
William Edwin Harvey Liberal Labour
James Haslam Liberal Labour
Thomas Richards Liberal Labour
Albert Stanley Liberal Labour
John Wadsworth Liberal Labour
John Williams Liberal Labour
Harold Cox Liberal Free Trader

December 1910–1918 Parliament[edit]

30 March 1914 William Edwin Harvey Labour Liberal Resigned over the party's treatment of Barnet Kenyon, before and after the 1913 Chesterfield by-election, particularly regarding miner's representation.[6]
1914 William Johnson Labour Liberal Was expelled from the Labour Party for addressing Liberal Party meetings.[7]
1915 John Hancock Labour Liberal Expelled from the Labour Party.[8]
John Wadsworth Labour Liberal  
William Abraham Labour Liberal  
1917 Sir Richard Cooper, 2nd Baronet Conservative Independent Those who defected in 1917 actually joined the National Party.
However, before the General Election of 1918 all members apart from Croft and Cooper had returned to the Conservatives or had lost their seats.
Henry Page Croft Conservative Independent
Richard Hamilton Rawson Conservative Independent  
Alan Hughes Burgoyne Conservative Independent  
Douglas George Carnegie Conservative Independent  
Viscount Duncannon Conservative Independent  
Rowland Hunt Liberal Unionist Independent  [9]
Edward Fitzroy Liberal Unionist Independent  
1918 Harland Bowden Conservative Independent Unionist  
Arthur Strauss Conservative Independent Labour  
Charles Trevelyan Liberal Independent Labour
Arthur Ponsonby Liberal Independent Democratic
R. L. Outhwaite Liberal Independent Liberal
Leo Chiozza Money Liberal Labour
Edward John Liberal Labour

1918–1922 Parliament[edit]

1918 George Nicoll Barnes Labour Independent Refused to resign from the Lloyd George Coalition
1919 Cecil L'Estrange Malone Liberal Independent
1920 Oswald Mosley Conservative Independent Left over the Conservative Party's Irish policy, specifically the use of Black and Tans.
1917 John Hope Liberal Independent Liberal Rejected as a candidate on the grounds that he had not made a single speech during his 24 years in Parliament.[10]

1922–1923 Parliament[edit]

1923 Gordon Ralph Hall Caine Independent Conservative Took the Conservative whip
James Malcolm Monteith Erskine Independent Conservative

1924–1929 Parliament[edit]

1924 Oswald Mosley Independent Labour  
1926 Sir Alfred Mond, Bt Liberal Conservative Defected after falling out with Lloyd George
Joseph Kenworthy Liberal Labour Resigned in opposition of Lloyd George's leadership
1927 George Alfred Spencer Labour Independent Expelled from the Labour party for brokering a local settlement during the General Strike.[11]
Leslie Haden-Guest Labour Independent Resigned in protest of Labour's opposition of sending troops to Shanghai[12]
Sir Robert Newman, Bt Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn after a dispute between Newman and his local Conservative association, leading to his deselection as a Conservative parliamentary candidate, as well as differences with the party leadership surrounding his support for free-trade policies.[9]
1928 Sir Basil Peto, Bt Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn in April 1928 due to policy disagreements with Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government.[9]
Independent Conservative Whip restored in November 1928 after an overwhelming vote of confidence in Peto by his local party executive.[9]
1929 Thomas Robinson Liberal Independent

1929–1931 Parliament[edit]

1931 Oswald Mosley Labour New Party Created the New Party.
Lady Cynthia Mosley Labour New Party Joined the New Party.
Oliver Baldwin Labour New Party Joined the New Party but left after one day and sat as an independent.
New Party Independent
Robert Forgan Labour New Party Joined the New Party
W. E. D. Allen UUP New Party Joined the New Party
Cecil Dudgeon Liberal New Party Joined the New Party
February 1931 John Strachey Labour New Party Joined the New Party
June 1931 New Party Independent Did not agree with the party's drift towards fascism
24 August 1931 Ramsay MacDonald Labour National Labour Formed the National Government
Malcolm MacDonald Labour National Labour Joined the National Government
25 August 1931 Philip Snowden Labour National Labour Joined the National Government
J. H. Thomas Labour National Labour
1931 William Jowitt Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 28 August
George Gillett Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 31 August
Ernest Bennett Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 1 September
George Knight Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 2 September
James Lovat-Fraser Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 2 September
Craigie Aitchison Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 3 September
Samuel Rosbotham Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 5 September
Archibald Church Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 8 September.
Richard Denman Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 10 September.
Sydney Frank Markham Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 16 September.
Derwent Hall Caine Labour National Labour Followed MacDonald on 23 September.

1935–1945 Parliament[edit]

1935 Katharine Stewart-Murray Conservative Independent Resigned Whip over the India Bill and the "national-socialist tendency" of the government's domestic policy.[13]
Independent Conservative
1937 Conservative Independent Resigned Whip over Anglo-Italian Agreement[13]
Independent Conservative
1938 Conservative Independent Resigned a third time, due to opposing Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement of Adolf Hitler before being deselected by her local party[13]
November 1939 Aneurin Bevan Labour Independent Expelled from the Labour Party for seven months for supporting a "popular front"
Sir Stafford Cripps Labour Independent
George Strauss Labour Independent
Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt Labour Independent
Clement Davies Liberal National Independent Resigned whip of both the Liberal Nationals and the National Government whip in opposition to Chamberlain.[14]
March 1940 Denis Pritt Labour Independent Expelled from the Labour Party over his defence of the Soviet invasion of Finland[15]
1942 Murdoch Macdonald Liberal National Independent
Edgar Granville Liberal National Independent
February 1942 Stephen King-Hall National Labour Independent Opposed the party's considerations in wartime
May 1942 Alec Cunningham-Reid Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn after a dispute with the national Conservative leadership.[9]
July 1942 Sir Richard Acland Liberal Common Wealth Formed the Common Wealth Party after a merger of the 1941 Committee and the Forward March movement
Vernon Bartlett Independent Progressive Common Wealth Fought the 1945 general election as an independent
May 1943 Kenneth Lindsay National Labour Independent
November 1944 John Eric Loverseed Common Wealth Independent
April 1945 Edgar Granville Independent Liberal
May 1945 John Eric Loverseed Independent Labour

1945–1950 Parliament[edit]

22 April 1946 Ernest Millington Common Wealth Labour  
21 October 1946 Tom Horabin Liberal Independent Declared support for the Labour government
26 March 1947 John McGovern Ind. Labour Party Labour  
23 July 1947 Rev Campbell Stephen Ind. Labour Party Independent Granted the Labour whip on 21 October 1947.
21 October 1947 Independent Labour
29 October 1947 James Carmichael Ind. Labour Party Independent Granted the Labour whip on 3 November 1947.
3 November 1947 Independent Labour
4 November 1947 Evelyn Walkden Labour Independent Following censure by the House for his conduct.
18 November 1947 Tom Horabin Independent Labour
22 March 1948 John Mackie Independent Conservative  
28 April 1948 John Platts-Mills Labour Independent Expelled from party for sending supportive telegram to Pietro Nenni, Italian socialist allied with the Communists.
16 May 1948 Alfred Edwards Labour Conservative Expelled from party for opposition to nationalisation of steel.
3 October 1948 Eric Gandar Dower Conservative Independent Dispute with local association.[16]
26 October 1948 Ivor Thomas Labour Conservative Resigned due to opposition to nationalisation of steel.
28 October 1948 Gwilym Lloyd George Liberal Independent Whip removed;[17] Lloyd-George had been sitting on the Conservative front bench since 1945 but had continued to receive the Liberal whip "as a matter of courtesy"
18 May 1949 Leslie Solley Labour Independent Expelled from party for persistently opposing government policies.
Konni Zilliacus Labour Independent
27 July 1949 Lester Hutchinson Labour Independent Expelled from party for opposition to government foreign policy.

1950–1951 Parliament[edit]

4 May 1950 John MacLeod Independent Liberal Liberal National
4 August 1950 Raymond Blackburn Labour Independent Called for Winston Churchill to be Prime Minister in a Coalition government.

1951–1955 Parliament[edit]

2 June 1954 John Mellor Conservative Independent Resigned whip over increase in MPs' salaries (Mellor was opposed).
14 July 1954 Independent Conservative
Harry Legge-Bourke Conservative Independent Opposed to policy of withdrawing British base in Suez canal zone.
18 October 1954 Harry Legge-Bourke Independent Conservative
23 November 1954 S. O. Davies Labour Independent Whip withdrawn after breaking the whip over German rearmament.
George Craddock Labour Independent
Ernest Fernyhough Labour Independent
Emrys Hughes Labour Independent
Sydney Silverman Labour Independent
Victor Yates Labour Independent
John McGovern Labour Independent
10 March 1955 Richard Acland Labour Independent Opposed to party policy on nuclear arms and resigned his seat.
16 March 1955 Aneurin Bevan Labour Independent Whip withdrawn for challenging the authority of Party leader.
April 1955 S. O. Davies Independent Labour Whip restored.
George Craddock Independent Labour
Ernest Fernyhough Independent Labour
Emrys Hughes Independent Labour
Sydney Silverman Independent Labour
Victor Yates Independent Labour
John McGovern Independent Labour
28 April 1955 Aneurin Bevan Independent Labour

1955–1959 Parliament[edit]

8 November 1956 Cyril Banks Conservative Independent Resigned whip over the Suez Crisis (Banks was friendly with Egypt). The whip was restored on 19 December 1958.
13 May 1957 Patrick Maitland Conservative Independent Resigned whip over the Suez Crisis, wanting UK involvement in Suez to continue (whip restored 23 December 1957)
John Biggs-Davison Conservative Independent Resigned whip over the Suez Crisis, wanting UK involvement in Suez to continue (whip restored 11 July 1958)
Anthony Fell Conservative Independent
Victor Montagu Conservative Independent
Lawrence Turner Conservative Independent
Paul Williams Conservative Independent
Angus Maude Conservative Independent Resigned whip over the Suez Crisis, wanting UK involvement in Suez to continue and subsequently resigned their seat.
Victor Raikes Conservative Independent
14 November 1957 Frank Medlicott Conservative Independent Resigned whip over the Suez Crisis (Medlicott was opposed to the invasion). Whip restored 21 November 1958.
30 January 1959 David Robertson Conservative Independent Resigned whip over policy on the Scottish highlands.

1959–1964 Parliament[edit]

16 March 1961 William Baxter Labour Independent Whip withdrawn for voting against the Army estimates.
S. O. Davies Labour Independent
Michael Foot Labour Independent
Emrys Hughes Labour Independent
Sydney Silverman Labour Independent
22 March 1961 Alan Brown Labour Independent Opposed to party defence policy.
Konni Zilliacus Labour Independent Whip suspended until January 1962 for writing critical article in Communist publication.
19 October 1961 William Duthie Conservative Independent Resigned whip over policy on salmon fishing industry. The whip was restored on 15 November 1963.
4 May 1962 Alan Brown Independent Conservative  
23 January 1964 Dr Donald Johnson Conservative Independent Dispute with local party.

1966–1970 Parliament[edit]

10 July 1966 Geoffrey Hirst Conservative Ind. Conservative Failed to persuade party to vote against Prices and Incomes Bill.
8 December 1966 Reginald Paget Labour Independent Resigned the whip because of opposition to United Nations sanctions on Rhodesia. The whip was restored on 15 June 1967.
10 January 1968 Julian Ridsdale Liberal National Conservative Party disbanded
David Renton Liberal National Conservative
Joan Vickers Liberal National Conservative
John Nott Liberal National Conservative
18 January 1968 Desmond Donnelly Labour Independent Opposed to defence cuts 'east of Suez'
31 January 1968 Frank Allaun Labour Independent Labour Whip suspended from 31 January 1968 to 29 February 1968.
Norman Atkinson Labour Independent Labour
Albert Booth Labour Independent Labour
James Dickens Labour Independent Labour
S. O. Davies Labour Independent Labour
Michael Foot Labour Independent Labour
Will Griffiths Labour Independent Labour
Dr John Dunwoody Labour Independent Labour
Eric Heffer Labour Independent Labour
Willie Hamilton Labour Independent Labour
Emrys Hughes Labour Independent Labour
Peter Jackson Labour Independent Labour
Anne Kerr Labour Independent Labour
Russell Kerr Labour Independent Labour
Malcolm Macmillan Labour Independent Labour
John Mendelson Labour Independent Labour
Stanley Newens Labour Independent Labour
Christopher Norwood Labour Independent Labour
Stan Orme Labour Independent Labour
Trevor Park Labour Independent Labour
John Ryan Labour Independent Labour
Sydney Silverman Labour Independent Labour
Tom Swain Labour Independent Labour
Carol Johnson Labour Independent Labour

1970–1974 Parliament[edit]

24 August 1970 Gerry Fitt Republican Labour SDLP Formed new party.
30 September 1971 Ian Paisley Protestant Unionist DUP Protestant Unionists merged into new party.
16 February 1972 Ray Gunter Labour Independent Labour Opposed to take-over of party by middle-class intellectuals.[18]
6 October 1972 Dick Taverne Labour Democratic Labour Dispute with local party. Simultaneously resigned seat to seek re-election.
29 April 1973 Stratton Mills Conservative Alliance  

1974 Parliament[edit]

9 July 1974 Christopher Mayhew Labour Liberal Believed Labour was too vulnerable to left takeover.

1974–1979 Parliament[edit]

11 October 1975 John Dunlop Vanguard UUUP Split with leadership over proposal for voluntary power-sharing in Northern Ireland
27 November 1975 James Kilfedder UUP Independent Unionist Opposed to the growth of support for the full integration of Northern Ireland into the United Kingdom, remained committed to devolution
19 November 1975 Robert Bradford Vanguard UUP Opposed to power-sharing.
7 April 1976 John Stonehouse Labour Independent Believed new Prime Minister James Callaghan did not have a mandate.
14 April 1976 John Stonehouse Independent English National  
26 July 1976 Jim Sillars Labour Scottish Labour Resigned from Labour over public spending cuts.
John Robertson Labour
8 October 1977 Reg Prentice Labour Conservative Believed Labour should be defeated at the next election.[19]
26 November 1977 William Craig Vanguard UUP Party wound up

1979–1983 Parliament[edit]

24 August 1979 Gerry Fitt SDLP Independent Socialist Dispute with party over talks process.
17 January 1980 James Kilfedder Independent Unionist Ulster Progressive Unionist Party Formed party (renamed 'Ulster Popular Unionist Party' in March 1980).
20 February 1981 Richard Crawshaw Labour Social Democratic Resigned whip prior to launch of new party, which he joined on 2 March 1981.
Tom Ellis Labour Social Democratic Resigned whip prior to launch of new party, which he joined on 2 March 1981.
2 March 1981 Tom Bradley Labour Social Democratic Formed new party.
John Cartwright Labour Social Democratic
John Horam Labour Social Democratic
Robert Maclennan Labour Social Democratic
John Roper Labour Social Democratic
David Owen Labour Social Democratic
Bill Rodgers Labour Social Democratic
Neville Sandelson Labour Social Democratic
Mike Thomas Labour Social Democratic
Ian Wrigglesworth Labour Social Democratic
16 March 1981 Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler Conservative Social Democratic  
19 March 1981 Edward Lyons Labour Social Democratic  
4 July 1981 James Wellbeloved Labour Social Democratic  
7 September 1981 Michael O'Halloran Labour Social Democratic  
1 October 1981 Dr Dickson Mabon Labour Social Democratic  
5 October 1981 Bob Mitchell Labour Social Democratic  
6 October 1981 David Ginsburg Labour Social Democratic  
7 October 1981 James Dunn Labour Social Democratic  
Tom McNally Labour Social Democratic  
29 October 1981 Eric Ogden Labour Social Democratic  
16 November 1981 John Grant Labour Social Democratic  
30 November 1981 George Cunningham Labour Independent Labour  
2 December 1981 Ronald Brown Labour Social Democratic  Defected to the SDP[20]
11 December 1981 Bruce Douglas-Mann Labour Independent Labour Subsequently, resigned his seat and restood unsuccessfully for the Social Democratic Party.
Jeffrey Thomas Labour Social Democratic  
Ednyfed Hudson Davies Labour Social Democratic  
22 January 1982 Bryan Magee Labour Independent Labour
12 March 1982 Bryan Magee Independent Labour Social Democratic
16 June 1982 George Cunningham Independent Labour Social Democratic  
2 August 1982 Robert Mellish Labour Independent Labour Dispute with local party.[21]
10 February 1983 Michael O'Halloran Social Democratic Independent Labour Not selected as a candidate for the subsequent election.

1983–1987 Parliament[edit]

31 January 1987 John Ryman Labour Independent  

1987–1992 Parliament[edit]

19 May 1988 Ron Brown Labour Independent Whip suspended over misconduct.
19 August 1988 Independent Labour Whip restored.
14 March 1990 Dick Douglas Labour Independent Opposed to party acquiescence in administering the Poll Tax.
4 October 1990 Independent SNP  
25 September 1991 Dave Nellist Labour Independent Whip suspended over links to the Militant tendency.
Terry Fields Labour Independent
13 March 1992 John Browne Conservative Ind. Conservative Whip removed for intention to stand against official candidate after he had been deselected.

1992–1997 Parliament[edit]

23 July 1993 Rupert Allason Conservative Ind. Conservative Whip suspended until 28 July 1994 after failing to back Conservative government in confidence motion.
29 November 1994 Nicholas Budgen Conservative Ind. Conservative Whip suspended until 24 April 1995 after failing to back Conservative government in confidence motion.
Michael Carttiss Conservative Ind. Conservative
Christopher Gill Conservative Ind. Conservative
Teresa Gorman Conservative Ind. Conservative
Antony Marlow Conservative Ind. Conservative
Richard Shepherd Conservative Ind. Conservative
Teddy Taylor Conservative Ind. Conservative
John Wilkinson Conservative Ind. Conservative
Richard Body Conservative Ind. Conservative
8 October 1995 Alan Howarth Conservative Labour  
30 December 1995 Emma Nicholson Conservative Liberal Democrats Resigned saying "The Conservative Party has changed so much, while my principles have not changed at all. I would argue that it is not so much a case of my leaving the party, but the party leaving me."[22]
24 February 1996 Peter Thurnham Conservative Independent  Resigned over dismay at the Scott Report and the Nolan Report
12 October 1996 Independent Liberal Democrats  
8 March 1997 George Gardiner Conservative Referendum Resigned after being deselected by local Conservative association.[23]

1997–2001 Parliament[edit]

21 November 1997 Peter Temple-Morris Conservative Independent 'One Nation Conservative' Whip removed due to questioned commitment to the Party.
21 June 1998 Independent 'One Nation Conservative' Labour  
9 September 1998 Tommy Graham Labour Independent 'Scottish Labour' Expelled from Party over misconduct.
26 March 1999 Dennis Canavan Labour Independent Expelled from Party after decision to stand for Scottish Parliament against official candidate.
18 December 1999 Shaun Woodward Conservative Labour Direction of party under William Hague
6 March 2000 Ken Livingstone Labour Independent Expelled from Party after decision to stand for Mayor of London against official candidate.
11 April 2001 Charles Wardle Conservative Independent Whip removed after rumours of support for Independent candidate in forthcoming general election.

2001–2005 Parliament[edit]

10 December 2001 Paul Marsden Labour Liberal Democrats Left Labour over the war in Afghanistan[24]
2 October 2002 Andrew Hunter Conservative Ind. Conservative Resigned whip in order to ally with the Democratic Unionist Party in Northern Ireland.[25]
23 June 2003 David Burnside UUP Independent Unionist Resigned whip over opposition to the Belfast Agreement. Accepted the whip back on 9 January 2004.
2 October 2003 Martin Smyth UUP Independent Unionist Resigned whip over opposition to the Belfast Agreement. Accepted the whip back on 9 January 2004.
Jeffrey Donaldson UUP Independent Unionist Resigned whip over opposition to the Belfast Agreement.
23 October 2003 George Galloway Labour Independent Expelled from Party after being found guilty of "bringing the party into disrepute"[26]
5 January 2004 Jeffrey Donaldson Independent Unionist DUP  Joined DUP
6 January 2004 Ken Livingstone Independent Labour Readmitted to the Labour Party by Tony Blair after 3 years of his original 5 year suspension[27]
25 January 2004 George Galloway Independent Respect
25 January 2004 Ann Winterton Conservative Independent Whip suspended over misconduct for telling a joke which alluded to the recent death of 23 illegal immigrant Chinese cockle-pickers in Morecambe Bay.[28]
31 March 2004 Independent Conservative Whip restored for apologising.[29]
10 December 2004 Andrew Hunter Ind. Conservative DUP  
15 January 2005 Robert Jackson Conservative Labour Disagreement with party over higher education funding.
3 February 2005 Jonathan Sayeed Conservative Independent Whip suspended until 7 March 2005 over misconduct.
7 March 2005 Independent Conservative .
18 March 2005 Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn over misconduct.
25 March 2005 Howard Flight Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn over controversial policy remarks.
6 April 2005 Paul Marsden Liberal Democrats Independent Labour Declared support for Labour Party to win the impending general election.[30]
25 April 2005 Brian Sedgemore Labour Liberal Democrats Unhappy with the direction Labour were heading.

2005–2010 Parliament[edit]

20 October 2006 Clare Short Labour Independent Resigned whip.
Declared support for a hung parliament at the next election.[31]
26 June 2007 Quentin Davies Conservative Labour Criticised the direction of the Conservative Party under leadership of David Cameron.[32]
25 September 2007 Andrew Pelling Conservative Independent Whip suspended pending the conclusion of an investigation into the accusations he assaulted his wife, a case which was then dropped by the CPS.[33]
November 2007 Robert Wareing Labour Independent Resigned whip after failing in a bid for reselection.
29 January 2008 Derek Conway Conservative Independent Whip suspended pending the conclusion of an investigation into the accusations he misused his Parliamentary Allowances.
12 March 2008 Bob Spink Conservative Independent Resigned from the Conservatives after disagreements with the party.
22 April 2008 Independent UKIP Joined UK Independence Party (UKIP)
November 2008 UKIP Independent Re-designated Independent stating he had never been a full member.[34]
9 January 2010 Iris Robinson DUP Independent Expelled from the DUP
8 February 2010 David Chaytor Labour Independent Whip suspended over the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal after criminal charges of false accounting were brought.
Jim Devine Labour Independent
Elliot Morley Labour Independent
25 March 2010 Sylvia, Lady Hermon UUP Independent Resigned from party due to opposition to the electoral pact between the Ulster Unionists and the Conservative Party.[35]

2010–2015 Parliament[edit]

19 May 2010 Eric Illsley Labour Independent Whip suspended over the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal after criminal charges of false accounting were brought.
14 October 2010 Denis MacShane Labour Independent Whip suspended over the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal[36]
23 February 2012 Eric Joyce Labour Independent Whip suspended after drunkenly assaulting fellow politicians, including Stuart Andrew and Phil Wilson, on the parliamentary estate[37]
5 July 2012 Denis MacShane Independent Labour Retakes the Whip after Police decide not prosecute over the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal
2 November 2012 Labour Independent Whip suspended after being found to have submitted false invoices for expenses during the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal[38]
4 November 2012 Nadine Dorries Conservative Independent Whip removed after taking part in I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here![39]
4 February 2013 Chris Huhne Liberal Democrats Independent Suspended from the party after pleading guilty to perverting the course of justice.
8 May 2013 Nadine Dorries Independent Conservative Whip returned[40]
31 May 2013 Patrick Mercer Conservative Independent Resigned the Conservative Party whip after an ongoing enquiry regarding allegations relating to lobbying.[41]
4 June 2013 Mike Hancock Liberal Democrats Independent Resigned from the Liberal Democrats after allegations of sexual offences were made against him.[42]
19 July 2013 David Ward Liberal Democrats Independent Whip withdrawn over anti Israel remarks.[43]
10 September 2013 Nigel Evans Conservative Independent Resigned from the Conservatives after allegations of sexual offences were made against him.[44][45]
19 September 2013 David Ward Independent Liberal Democrats Received whip back
10 April 2014 Nigel Evans Independent Conservative Found not guilty on all charges, so returned to the Conservative benches
28 August 2014 Douglas Carswell Conservative UKIP Defected and resigned as MP, triggering by-election which he won.[46]
27 September 2014 Mark Reckless Conservative UKIP Defected and resigned as MP, triggering by-election which he won.[47]
22 February 2015 Jack Straw Labour Independent Whip withdrawn after being secretly filmed apparently offering his services to a private company for cash.[48]
23 February 2015 Sir Malcolm Rifkind Conservative Independent Whip withdrawn after being secretly filmed apparently offering his services to a private company for cash.[48]

2015–2017 Parliament[edit]

29 September 2015 Michelle Thomson SNP Independent Resigned whip over allegations of mortgage fraud.[49]
24 November 2015 Natalie McGarry SNP Independent Resigned whip over allegations of funds going missing from the accounts of Women for Independence.[50]
28 December 2015 Simon Danczuk Labour Independent Suspended from the Labour Party following allegations of sending sexually explicit text messages to a 17-year-old girl.[51]
27 April 2016 Naz Shah Labour Independent Suspended from the Labour Party following allegations of making anti-semitic remarks.[52]
5 July 2016 Independent Labour Suspension overturned and reinstated to party after apologizing for remarks made.[53]
25 March 2017 Douglas Carswell UKIP Independent Left UKIP after internal diasagreements and became an independent MP[54]

2017–2019 Parliament[edit]

10 July 2017 Anne Marie Morris Conservative Independent Suspended pending investigation over racist remarks alleged[55]
25 October 2017 Jared O'Mara Labour Independent Suspended pending investigation over sexist and homophobic comments
2 November 2017 Kelvin Hopkins Labour Independent Suspended pending investigation due to sexual assault allegations
3 November 2017 Charlie Elphicke Conservative Independent Suspended pending investigation due to sexual assault allegations
23 November 2017 Ivan Lewis Labour Independent Suspended pending investigation due to sexual assault allegations[56]
12 December 2017 Anne Marie Morris Independent Conservative Re-admitted into the party[57]
8 January 2018 Barry McElduff Sinn Féin Independent Suspended over a joke seen as mocking IRA victims.
30 April 2018 John Woodcock Labour Independent Suspended pending investigation due to sexual assault allegations[58]
3 July 2018 Jared O'Mara Independent Labour Re-admitted into the party[59]
12 July 2018 Labour Independent Resigned from the Labour Party[60]
24 July 2018 Ian Paisley Jr DUP Independent Suspended from party after failing to declare visits to Sri Lanka
10 August 2018 Andrew Griffiths Conservative Independent Suspended following sexting controversy
30 August 2018 Frank Field Labour Independent Resigned from the Labour Party in protest over anti-semitism and bullying within Labour[61]
21 November 2018 Ian Paisley Jr Independent DUP Suspension lifted and Whip restored
6 December 2018 Stephen Lloyd Liberal Democrats Independent Resigned from the Liberal Democrat Whip over their call for a second EU referendum
12 December 2018 Charlie Elphicke Independent Conservative Whip restored to support May's Government in a vote of no confidence[62][63]
Andrew Griffiths Independent Conservative
19 December 2018 Fiona Onasanya Labour Independent Suspended, and later expelled, from the party after being convicted of perverting the course of justice[64]
18 February 2019 Luciana Berger Labour Change UK Formed new group[65]
Ann Coffey Labour Change UK
Mike Gapes Labour Change UK
Chris Leslie Labour Change UK
Gavin Shuker Labour Change UK
Angela Smith Labour Change UK
Chuka Umunna Labour Change UK
19 February 2019 Joan Ryan Labour Change UK Joined new group[66]
20 February 2019 Heidi Allen Conservative Change UK Joined new group
Anna Soubry Conservative Change UK
Sarah Wollaston Conservative Change UK
22 February 2019 Ian Austin Labour Independent Resigned from the Labour Party in protest over alleged anti-semitism and bullying within Labour[67]
27 February 2019 Chris Williamson Labour Independent Suspended from the Labour Party as he claimed that the party was too apologetic over anti-semitism
1 April 2019 Nick Boles Conservative Independent Resigned the Conservative Party whip over Brexit, taking the label "Independent Progressive Conservative"[68]
4 June 2019 Heidi Allen Change UK Independent Resigned from Change UK
Luciana Berger Change UK Independent
Gavin Shuker Change UK Independent
Angela Smith Change UK Independent
Chuka Umunna Change UK Independent
Sarah Wollaston Change UK Independent
13 June 2019 Chuka Umunna Independent Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats.[69]
26 June 2019 Chris Williamson Independent Labour Reinstated by party
28 June 2019 Labour Independent Suspended again[70]
10 July 2019 Heidi Allen Independent The Independents Formed new group[71]
Luciana Berger Independent The Independents
Gavin Shuker Independent The Independents
Angela Smith Independent The Independents
John Woodcock Independent The Independents
22 July 2019 Charlie Elphicke Conservative Independent Suspended once again after being charged with sexual assault[72]
14 August 2019 Sarah Wollaston Independent Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats[73]
3 September 2019 Phillip Lee Conservative Liberal Democrats Physically crossed the floor during a statement by prime minister Boris Johnson to join the Liberal Democrats[74]
Guto Bebb Conservative Independent Suspended from the party over defying whip during vote against no-deal Brexit[75]
Richard Benyon Conservative Independent
Steve Brine Conservative Independent
Alistair Burt Conservative Independent
Greg Clark Conservative Independent
Kenneth Clarke Conservative Independent
David Gauke Conservative Independent
Justine Greening Conservative Independent
Dominic Grieve Conservative Independent
Sam Gyimah Conservative Independent
Philip Hammond Conservative Independent
Stephen Hammond Conservative Independent
Richard Harrington Conservative Independent
Margot James Conservative Independent
Sir Oliver Letwin Conservative Independent
Anne Milton Conservative Independent
Caroline Nokes Conservative Independent
Antoinette Sandbach Conservative Independent
Sir Nicholas Soames Conservative Independent
Rory Stewart Conservative Independent
Ed Vaizey Conservative Independent
5 September 2019 Luciana Berger The Independents Liberal Democrats
7 September 2019 Amber Rudd Conservative Independent Resigned from the Cabinet and surrendered the Conservative whip
Angela Smith The Independents Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats.
14 September 2019 Sam Gyimah Independent Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats.
22 September 2019 Mike Hill Labour Independent Suspended from the party over allegations of sexual assault.
7 October 2019 Stephen Hepburn Labour Independent Suspended from the party over allegations of sexual assault.
7 October 2019 Heidi Allen The Independents Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats.
16 October 2019 Louise Ellman Labour Independent Resigned from Labour in protest over Jeremy Corbyn.
21 October 2019 Mike Hill Independent Labour Reinstated after allegations of sexual harassment were dropped.
29 October 2019 Alistair Burt Independent Conservative Whip restored
Caroline Nokes Independent Conservative
Greg Clark Independent Conservative
Sir Nicholas Soames Independent Conservative
Ed Vaizey Independent Conservative
Margot James Independent Conservative
Richard Benyon Independent Conservative
Steve Brine Independent Conservative
Stephen Hammond Independent Conservative
Richard Harrington Independent Conservative
Stephen Lloyd Independent Liberal Democrats Rejoined the Liberal Democrats.
31 October 2019 Antoinette Sandbach Independent Liberal Democrats Joined the Liberal Democrats.

Members of Parliament who were suspended from their parliamentary party[edit]

These MPs were suspended by their Parliamentary Parties but continued to receive the Whip.

Date Member Party Notes
22 March 2010 Patricia Hewitt Labour Suspended over the allegations from the 2010 Cash for Influence Scandal[76]
Geoff Hoon Labour
Stephen Byers Labour
Margaret Moran Labour
5 November 2010 Phil Woolas Labour Suspended after being found to have breached the Representation of the People Act 1983; his 2010 general election victory was declared void and he was barred from holding public office for 3 years;[77]

Members of the House of Lords who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

1700–present[edit]

1703 John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll Tory Whig Critic of the Tories.
1710 Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers Whig Tory
1711 John Ashburnham, 1st Earl of Ashburnham Tory Whig
1783 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel Whig Independent Resigning as a protest against the Peace of Paris[78]
1793 William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam Whig Independent Resigned over disagreements with the party over involvement in the French Revolutionary Wars [79]
William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland Whig Independent
1794 Independent Tory
Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle Whig Tory
1801 Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester Whig Tory
1802 Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough Whig Tory
1812 George James Cholmondeley, 4th Earl of Cholmondeley Whig Tory
1830 Ulick de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde Tory Whig
1834 Francis Conyngham, 2nd Marquess Conyngham Tory Whig
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond Whig Conservative Resigned as Postmaster General
Frederick Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon Whig Conservative Resigned as Lord Privy Seal
1846 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen Conservative Peelite Resigned as Foreign Secretary
Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle Conservative Peelite Resigned as Chief Secretary for Ireland
Edward Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans Conservative Peelite Resigned as Postmaster General of the United Kingdom
1853 Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning Conservative Peelite Resigned as Commissioner of Woods and Forests
1855 Charles Somers-Cocks, 3rd Earl Somers Conservative Liberal
1884 Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland Whig Conservative
1886 Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby Liberal Liberal Unionist
Charles Pelham, 4th Earl of Yarborough Liberal Liberal Unionist
Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire Liberal Liberal Unionist
Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford Liberal Liberal Unionist
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford Liberal Liberal Unionist
Richard de Aquila Grosvenor, 1st Baron Stalbridge Liberal Liberal Unionist
Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook Liberal Liberal Unionist
Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon Liberal Liberal Unionist
Hugh Grosvenor, 1st Duke of Westminster Liberal Liberal Unionist
Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford Liberal Liberal Unionist
Roundell Palmer, 1st Earl of Selborne Liberal Liberal Unionist
Albert Parker, 3rd Earl of Morley Liberal Liberal Unionist
Richard Dawson, 1st Earl of Dartrey Liberal Liberal Unionist
Thomas Spring Rice, 2nd Baron Monteagle of Brandon Liberal Liberal Unionist
George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll Liberal Independent Resigned over disagreements on Irish Home Rule.[80]
1895 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne Liberal Liberal Unionist
1902 Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire Liberal Unionist Conservative
1904 Ivor Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne Conservative Liberal
1905 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne Liberal Unionist Conservative
1920 John Wodehouse, 2nd Earl of Kimberley Liberal Labour
1924 Maurice Towneley-O'Hagan, 3rd Baron O'Hagan Liberal Conservative
1923 Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane Liberal Labour
1924 Charles Cripps, 1st Baron Parmoor Conservative Labour To serve as Lord President of the Council in the First MacDonald ministry.
1945 Frederick James Marquis, 1st Earl of Woolton Independent Conservative
1947 Charles Kerr, 1st Baron Teviot Liberal National Conservative
1948 Oswald Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby Conservative Labour
1950 Labour Independent [81]
1959 David Rees Rees-Williams, 1st Baron Ogmore Labour Liberal
1975 Alan Mais, Baron Mais Labour Liberal
1979 Alfred Robens, Baron Robens of Woldingham Labour Conservative Unhappy with how left wing the Labour Party was becoming.
Alun Jones, Baron Chalfont Labour Independent
Richard Marsh, Baron Marsh Labour Independent
1981 George Brown, Baron George-Brown Labour Social Democratic
Elaine Burton, Baroness Burton of Coventry Labour Social Democratic
Hugh Cudlipp, Baron Cudlipp Labour Social Democratic
John Diamond, Baron Diamond Labour Social Democratic
Jack Donaldson, Baron Donaldson of Kingsbridge Labour Social Democratic
John Harris, Baron Harris of Greenwich Labour Social Democratic
Derek Page, Baron Whaddon Labour Social Democratic
Walter Perry, Baron Perry of Walton Labour Social Democratic
Stephen Taylor, Baron Taylor Labour Social Democratic
Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gryfe Labour Social Democratic
Henry Walston, Baron Walston Labour Social Democratic
Henry Wilson, Baron Wilson of Langside Labour Social Democratic
Ian Winterbottom, Baron Winterbottom Labour Social Democratic
1982 Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire Conservative Social Democratic
John Edward Poynder Grigg, 2nd Baron Altrincham Conservative Social Democratic
Wayland Hilton Young, 2nd Baron Kennet Labour Social Democratic
Martin Attlee, 2nd Earl Attlee Labour Social Democratic
Herbert Bowden, Baron Aylestone Labour Social Democratic
Robert Hall, Baron Roberthall Independent Social Democratic
Alan Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury Labour Social Democratic
Hartley Shawcross, Baron Shawcross Labour Social Democratic
Phyllis Stedman, Baroness Stedman Labour Social Democratic
George Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth Labour Social Democratic
Henry Wilson, Baron Wilson of Langside Labour Social Democratic
1986 Bob Mellish, Baron Mellish Labour Social Democratic
1988 Phyllis Stedman, Baroness Stedman Social Democratic Independent Opposed the SDPs merger with the Liberals
1992 Robert Skidelsky, Baron Skidelsky Social Democratic Conservative Joined Conservatives after SDP dissolved[82]
1995 John Diamond, Baron Diamond Social Democratic Labour
1997 David Alton, Baron Alton of Liverpool Liberal Democrats Independent Was unhappy with the pro-choice stance of certain colleagues
John Attlee, 3rd Earl Attlee Independent Conservative
Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount Rothermere Conservative Labour Over the parties policies
1998 David Hacking, 3rd Baron Hacking Conservative Labour Over the parties European policies
Hugh Thomas, Baron Thomas of Swynnerton Conservative Liberal Democrats Over the parties policies
Cherry Drummond, 16th Baroness Strange Conservative Independent Over reduction in the number of hereditary peers[83]
1999 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley Liberal Democrats Green Objected to the party's support of free trade[84]
2000 Barbara Young, Baroness Young of Old Scone Labour Independent After taking up an appointment as Chief Executive of Environment Agency[85]
Jeffrey Archer, Baron Archer of Weston-super-Mare Conservative Independent Expelled after being jailed for perjury and perverting the course of justice.
1992 Robert Skidelsky, Baron Skidelsky Conservative Independent
2002 David Stoddart, Baron Stoddart of Swindon Labour Independent Expelled for backing a Socialist Alliance candidate
2004 Edward Haughey, Baron Ballyedmond UUP Conservative
30 May 2004 Malcolm Pearson, Baron Pearson of Rannoch Conservative Independent Expelled for backing UKIP[86]
May 2004 Leopold Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke Conservative Independent Expelled for backing UKIP
David Robert Stevens, Baron Stevens of Ludgate Conservative Independent
Caroline Cox, Baroness Cox Conservative Independent
September 2005 Christopher Haskins, Baron Haskins Labour Independent Expelled for donating £2,500 to Liberal Democrats
November 2005 Mike Watson, Baron Watson of Invergowrie Labour Independent Expelled after being convicted of arson[87]
January 2007 Conrad Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour Conservative Independent Expelled after being convicted of fraud[88]
David Trimble, Baron Trimble UUP Conservative Joined the Conservatives "to have a greater impact on politics in the United Kingdom"[89]
Malcolm Pearson, Baron Pearson of Rannoch Independent UKIP Joined UKIP
Leopold Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke Independent UKIP Joined UKIP
March 2008 Shreela Flather, Baroness Flather Conservative Independent Resigned[90]
February 2009 Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed Labour Independent Expelled after being convicted of dangerous driving.
May 2009 Thomas Taylor, Baron Taylor of Blackburn Labour Independent Suspended over Cash for Influence
Peter Truscott, Baron Truscott Labour Independent
February 2010 Paul White, Baron Hanningfield Conservative Independent Expelled due to Parliamentary expenses scandal
July 2010 John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Warwick Conservative Independent Resigned due to Parliamentary expenses scandal
October 2010 Pola Uddin, Baroness Uddin Labour Independent Expelled due to Parliamentary expenses scandal
Swraj Paul, Baron Paul Labour Independent
Amir Bhatia, Baron Bhatia Labour Independent
February 2011 Anthony Jacobs, Baron Jacobs Liberal Democrats Independent Due to opposition to party policies on taxation.
Lucius Cary, 15th Viscount Falkland Liberal Democrats Independent Due to opposition to direction of the party
February 2012 Jenny Tonge, Baroness Tonge Liberal Democrats Independent Quit the party rather than apologise due to strong criticisms of Israel.[91][92]
April 2012 Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed Labour Independent Suspended for comments made about America[93]
June 2012 Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed Independent Labour Suspension lifted after investigation clears Ahmed.[94]
Ken Maginnis, Baron Maginnis of Drumglass UUP Independent Resigned from the party over his anti-gay remarks[95]
July 2012 Mike Watson, Baron Watson of Invergowrie Independent Labour Re-admitted to the Labour Party.
September 2012 David Robert Stevens, Baron Stevens of Ludgate Independent UKIP Joined UKIP[96]
March 2013 Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed Labour Independent Suspended for alleged antisemitism[97]
June 2013 Brian Mackenzie, Baron Mackenzie of Framwellgate Labour Independent Suspended after being found to have offered to lobby for a firm in return for cash
Jack Cunningham, Baron Cunningham of Felling Labour Independent
John Laird, Baron Laird UUP Independent
January 2014 Chris Rennard, Baron Rennard Liberal Democrats Independent Suspended for refusing to apologise over sexual assault claims[98]
May 2014 Matthew Oakeshott, Baron Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay Liberal Democrats Independent Due to opposition to direction of the party
August 2014 Chris Rennard, Baron Rennard Independent Liberal Democrats Re admitted to the Liberal Democrats
March 2015 Paul Strasburger, Baron Strasburger Liberal Democrats Independent Resigned over donor allegations[99]
Qurban Hussain, Baron Hussain Liberal Democrats Independent Resigned after illegally bringing a child into the UK from Pakistan[100]
May 2015 Barbara Young, Baroness Young of Old Scone Independent Labour Rejoined the party
Alan Sugar, Baron Sugar Labour Independent Resigned from the party over its direction[101]
July 2015 John Sewel, Baron Sewel Labour Independent Suspended from party following reports of an orgy featuring prostitutes and cocaine.[102]
October 2015 Andrew Adonis, Baron Adonis Labour Independent Relinquished the Labour whip while heading a commission on major infrastructure projects.
Norman Warner, Baron Warner Labour Independent Resigned in protest at the direction the party was heading under Jeremy Corbyn.
Anthony Grabiner, Baron Grabiner Labour Independent
September 2016 Emma Nicholson, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne Liberal Democrats Conservative Disagreed with the party's view on the EU and Grammar Schools.
Zahida Manzoor, Baroness Manzoor Liberal Democrats Conservative Disagreed with the party's view on the EU and Grammar Schools.
Jim O'Neill, Baron O'Neill of Gatley Conservative Independent Resigned over concerns that May was not committed to the 'Northern Powerhouse'[103]
24 September 2016 Parry Mitchell, Baron Mitchell Labour Independent Resigned in protest at the direction the party was heading under Jeremy Corbyn.[104]
January 2017 Alex Carlile, Baron Carlile of Berriew Liberal Democrats Independent Disagreed with the party's direction.[105]
September 2018 Anthony Lester, Baron Lester of Herne Hill Liberal Democrats Independent Suspended over allegations of sexual harassment[106]
December 2018 Leopold Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke UKIP Independent Quit the party
David Robert Stevens, Baron Stevens of Ludgate UKIP Independent Quit the party over Gerard Batten's support and hiring of Tommy Robinson[107]
March 2019 David Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood Liberal Democrats Independent Suspended after he stated that he was aware Cyril Smith had been a child abuser.[108]
May 2019 Independent Liberal Democrats Re-admitted to the party[109]
Michael Heseltine, Baron Heseltine Conservative Independent Suspended over his support for the Lib Dems during the 2019 EU election[110]
Andrew Cooper, Baron Cooper of Windrush Conservative Independent Suspended over his support for the Lib Dems during the 2019 EU election[111]
Michael Cashman, Baron Cashman Labour Independent Resigned over his support for the Lib Dems during the 2019 EU election[112]
July 2019 David Triesman, Baron Triesman Labour Independent Resigned over antisemitism within the Labour Party under Jeremy Corbyn[113][114]
Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg Labour Independent
Ara Darzi, Baron Darzi of Denham Labour Independent

Members of the European Parliament who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

1979–1984 Parliament[edit]

January 1984 Michael Gallagher Labour Social Democratic Created new party

1994–1999 Parliament[edit]

June 1997 Ken Coates Labour Scottish Socialist Expelled from the Labour Party
Hugh Kerr Labour Scottish Socialist Expelled from the Labour Party
January 1998 James Moorhouse Conservative Liberal Democrats Joined the Lib Dems after being de-selected
March 1999 Brendan Donnelly Conservative Pro-Euro Conservative Created new party
John Stevens Conservative Pro-Euro Conservative Created new party
May 1999 Christine Oddy Labour Independent Expelled from the Labour Party[115][116]

1999–2004 Parliament[edit]

February 2000 Michael Holmes UKIP Independent Quit the party after power struggle with UKIP's National Executive Committee [117]
July 2000 Bill Newton Dunn Conservative Liberal Democrats Joined the Lib Dems
August 2002 Richard Balfe Labour Conservative Expelled from the Labour Party

2004–2009 Parliament[edit]

July 2004 Ashley Mote UKIP Independent Expelled from UKIP after being jailed for fraud[118]
January 2005 Robert Kilroy-Silk UKIP Veritas Created new party, and then went independent.
March 2007 Tom Wise UKIP Independent Expelled from UKIP (Pending fraud trial)
Jim Allister DUP TUV Created new party
November 2007 Sajjad Karim Liberal Democrats Conservative Joined the Conservatives[119]
June 2008 Den Dover Conservative Independent Expelled from the Conservatives for violating European Parliament expenses rules[120]

2009–2014 Parliament[edit]

September 2009 Edward McMillan-Scott Conservative Independent Expelled from the Conservatives[121]
January 2010 Nikki Sinclaire UKIP Independent Expelled from UKIP for "extreme views"[122]
March 2010 Edward McMillan-Scott Independent Liberal Democrats Joined the Lib Dems[123]
May 2011 David Campbell Bannerman UKIP Conservative Re-joined the Conservatives[124]
March 2012 Roger Helmer Conservative UKIP Joined UKIP[125]
October 2012 Andrew Brons BNP Independent Quit the party[126]
February 2013 Marta Andreasen UKIP Conservative Joined the Conservatives.[127]
September 2013 Mike Nattrass UKIP Independent Deselected by UKIP for the 2014 European election. He subsequently resigned from the party calling Farage's leadership "totalitarian"[128]
Godfrey Bloom UKIP Independent Whip withdrawn due to inappropriate comments[129]

2014–2019 Parliament[edit]

January 2015 Amjad Bashir UKIP Conservative Joined the Conservatives.[130]
March 2015 Janice Atkinson UKIP Independent Suspended and then later expelled from UKIP due to allegations of impropriety[131]
October 2016 Steven Woolfe UKIP Independent Quit the party[132]
November 2016 Diane James UKIP Independent Quit the party[133]
October 2017 Richard Ashworth Conservative Independent Suspended from party and whip withdrawn
Julie Girling Conservative Independent Suspended from party and whip withdrawn
January 2018 Jonathan Arnott UKIP Independent Quit the party, stating leader Henry Bolton "not the right person for the job"[134]
May 2018 James Carver UKIP Independent Quit the party over leader Gerard Batten's support for Tommy Robinson [135]
September 2018 William Legge, 10th Earl of Dartmouth UKIP Independent Quit the party, labelling it "homophobic and anti-Islamic"[136]
October 2018 Bill Etheridge UKIP Libertarian Defected to the Libertarian Party.[137]
November 2018 Louise Bours UKIP Independent Quit the party[138]
Patrick O'Flynn UKIP SDP Joined the SDP.[139]
December 2018 Nigel Farage UKIP Independent Quit the party.[140]
Nathan Gill UKIP Independent Quit the party.[141]
David Coburn UKIP Independent Quit the party.[142]
Paul Nuttall UKIP Independent Quit the party.[143]
Tim Aker UKIP Thurrock Independent Quit the party[143]
Julia Reid UKIP Independent Quit the party.[144]
Jonathan Bullock UKIP Independent Quit the party.[145]
November 2018 Diane James Independent Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party
David Coburn Independent Brexit Party
Nigel Farage Independent Brexit Party
Nathan Gill Independent Brexit Party
Julia Reid Independent Brexit Party
Tim Aker Thurrock Independent Brexit Party
Jonathan Bullock Independent Brexit Party
Bill Etheridge Libertarian Brexit Party
Paul Nuttall Independent Brexit Party
April 2019 Jill Seymour UKIP Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party[146]
Jane Collins UKIP Brexit Party
Margot Parker UKIP Brexit Party
Jonathan Arnott Independent Brexit Party
Julie Girling Independent Change UK Joined new group[147]
Richard Ashworth Independent Change UK
Ray Finch UKIP Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party[148]
May 2019 Julie Girling Change UK Independent Voiced support for the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 European elections

2019–2024 Parliament[edit]

September 2019 Andrew England Kerr Brexit Party Independent Whip withdrawn

London Assembly Members who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

2004–2008 Assembly[edit]

September 2005 Damian Hockney UKIP One London First joined Veritas then created new party One London
Peter Hulme-Cross UKIP One London

2008–2012 Assembly[edit]

August 2010 Richard Barnbrook BNP Independent Expelled from the BNP[149]

2016–2020 Assembly[edit]

December 2018 Peter Whittle UKIP Independent Quit the party[150]

Members of the Welsh Assembly who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

1999–2003 Assembly[edit]

2000 Rod Richards Conservative Ind. Conservative[151] Whip withdrawn after abstaining on a budget vote[152]

2003–2007 Assembly[edit]

2005 Peter Law Labour Independent Left party in protest at the use of all-woman shortlists

2007–2011 Assembly[edit]

2009 Mohammad Asghar Plaid Cymru Conservative Explained that he was a "Unionist" and against Welsh independence
2010 Mick Bates Liberal Democrats Independent Suspended after it was discovered that he will be prosecuted for assault

2016–2021 Assembly[edit]

2016 Nathan Gill UKIP Independent Left UKIP group to sit as an independent[153]
Dafydd Elis-Thomas Plaid Cymru Independent Left Plaid Cymru party to support the Labour minority government.
2017 Mark Reckless UKIP Conservative Left UKIP group to sit as an independent within the Conservative Group
Neil McEvoy Plaid Cymru Independent Suspended from party group[154]
2018 Mandy Jones UKIP Independent Left UKIP group to sit as an independent after criticising Neil Hamilton[155]
Caroline Jones UKIP Independent Left UKIP group to sit as an independent, stating the party had moved "to a more far-right position"[156]
2019 Michelle Brown UKIP Independent Left UKIP group to sit as an independent[157]
Mark Reckless Conservative Independent Left Conservative Group on 'good terms' to sit as an independent [158]
Caroline Jones Independent Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party[159]
Mandy Jones Independent Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party[160]
Mark Reckless Independent Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party
David Rowlands UKIP Brexit Party Joined the Brexit Party

Members of the Scottish Parliament who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

1999–2003 Parliament[edit]

2002 Dorothy-Grace Elder SNP Independent Resigned over disagreement over how the party was run[161]
2003 Margo MacDonald SNP Independent Ranked low on the party list for re-election so stood as an independent and was expelled from party; re-elected as an independent

2003–2007 Parliament[edit]

2004 Campbell Martin SNP Independent Expelled from party and stood as an independent
2005 Mike Watson, Baron Watson of Invergowrie Labour Independent Expelled from the Party after causing a fire and resigned[162]
Brian Monteith Conservative Independent Had whip withdrawn over misconduct
2006 Rosemary Byrne Scottish Socialist Solidarity Created new Party Solidarity
Tommy Sheridan Scottish Socialist Solidarity Created new Party Solidarity

2007–2011 Parliament[edit]

March 2011 Hugh O'Donnell Liberal Democrats Independent Quit party over its direction[163]

2011–2016 Parliament[edit]

April 2012 Bill Walker SNP Independent Expelled from the SNP for allegedly not declaring the allegations cited in his uncontested divorce proceedings during the MSP vetting process.[164]
October 2012 John Finnie SNP Independent Resigned over the party's decision to support NATO membership for an independent Scotland[165]
Jean Urquhart SNP Independent Resigned over the party's decision to support NATO membership for an independent Scotland[165]
September 2014 John Wilson SNP Independent Resigned over the party's decision to support NATO membership for an independent Scotland[165]
October 2014 John Finnie Independent Scottish Green Joined the Scottish Green Party, but continued to sit as an Independent MSP[166]
December 2014 John Wilson Independent Scottish Green Joined the Scottish Green Party, but continued to sit as an independent MSP[167]
September 2015 Jean Urquhart Independent RISE Joined the RISE, but continued to sit as an independent MSP[168]

2016–2021 Parliament[edit]

November 2017 Alex Rowley Labour Independent Suspended by Labour due to allegations about his conduct.[169]
Mark McDonald SNP Independent Suspended by SNP due to allegations about his conduct. Left the SNP on the 6 March 2018.[170]
December 2017 Alex Rowley Independent Labour Reinstated by Labour[171]

Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

1998–2003 Assembly[edit]

1999 Cedric Wilson UK Unionist NI Unionist Disagreed with UKUP leader Robert McCartney, as they wanted to remain in the Assembly to challenge unionists in favour of the Belfast Agreement
Patrick Roche UK Unionist NI Unionist Disagreed with UKUP leader Robert McCartney, as they wanted to remain in the Assembly to challenge unionists in favour of the Belfast Agreement
Norman Boyd UK Unionist NI Unionist Disagreed with UKUP leader Robert McCartney, as they wanted to remain in the Assembly to challenge unionists in favour of the Belfast Agreement
Roger Hutchinson UK Unionist NI Unionist Disagreed with UKUP leader Robert McCartney, as they wanted to remain in the Assembly to challenge unionists in favour of the Belfast Agreement
NI Unionist Independent Unionist Expelled for accepting seats on two statutory committees, against party policy.[172]
November

2000

Independent DUP Joined DUP[173]

2003–2007 Assembly[edit]

18 December 2003 Jeffrey Donaldson UUP DUP Disagreements over the Good Friday Agreement negotiations and the position taken by party leader David Trimble[174]
Norah Beare UUP DUP
Arlene Foster UUP DUP
23 November 2005 Francie Molloy Sinn Féin Independent Suspended from the party due to publicly disagreeing with the policy on local government reform.[175]
15 January 2007 Geraldine Dougan Sinn Féin Independent Resigned from party[176]
2 February 2007 Davy Hyland Sinn Féin Independent Resigned from party[176]
15 February 2007 Paul Berry DUP Independent Stood as an independent but was not elected[177]
18 February 2007 George Ennis DUP UK Unionist

2007–2011 Assembly[edit]

29 November 2007 Gerry McHugh Sinn Féin Fianna Fáil Believed that "Fianna Fáil was the right party to bring about change in Northern Ireland".
30 March 2010 Major Alan MacFarland UUP Independent Disagreed with the UUP's electoral pact with the Conservative Party
3 June 2010 Dawn Purvis PUP Independent Disagreed with direction of party[178]
3 January 2011 David McClarty UUP Independent Resigned after being de-selected[179]

2011–2016 Assembly[edit]

27 January 2012 David McNarry UUP Independent Suspended from the UUP.[180]
4 October 2012 Independent UKIP Joined UKIP.[180]
14 February 2013 Basil McCrea UUP NI21 Formed new party[181]
John McCallister UUP NI21 Formed new party[182]
10 July 2014 NI21 Independent Response to allegations of impropriety against leader Basil McCrea[183]

2016–2017 Assembly[edit]

18 December 2016 Jonathan Bell DUP Independent Suspended from the DUP following fallout with party leader[184]

Police and crime commissioners (PCCs) who have changed party affiliation[edit]

Date Member Before After Notes

2012–2016 Commissioners[edit]

2014 Olly Martins Labour Independent Suspended from the Labour Party and investigated by the Independent Police Complaints Commission after he disclosed confidential information about the death of a man in police custody.[185][186][187]

2016–2020 Commissioners[edit]

April 2019 Jane Kennedy Labour Independent Resigned from the Labour Party alleging anti-semitism.[188]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hawkins, Angus. (2007–2008). The forgotten prime minister : the 14th Earl of Derby. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 157–160. ISBN 9780199204403. OCLC 141483725.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  2. ^ "Trevelyan, Sir George Otto", 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, 27, retrieved 18 July 2019
  3. ^ Debrett's peerage and baronetage : comprises information concerning the Royal family, the peerage, and baronetage. Kidd, Charles, 1952-, Williamson, David., Debrett, John, -1822., Debrett, John, -1822. London: Debrett's Peerage. 1990. ISBN 0312046405. OCLC 23477777.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ "Churchill Critiques: Changing Parties". The Churchill Project - Hillsdale College. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
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