List of elevation extremes by region

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The Gall-Peters projection of the Earth

The following three sortable tables list land surface elevation extremes by region.

Elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, an equipotential gravitational surface model of the Earth's sea level.

Table of elevation extremes by geographic region[edit]

Land surface elevation extremes by geographic region

Geographic region Highest point Maximum elevation Lowest point Minimum elevation Elevation span
⦁ Eurasia Mount Everest,[1] China and Nepal 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea,[2] Israel, Jordan, and Palestine −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft
   ⦁ Asia Mount Everest,[1] China and Nepal 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea,[2] Israel, Jordan, and Palestine −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft
      ⦁ Japanese Archipelago Mount Fuji, Honshū, Japan 3776 m
12,388 ft
Hachiro-gata, Honshū, Japan −4 m
−13 ft
3780 m
12,402 ft
      ⦁ Malay Archipelago Gunung Kinabalu, Borneo, Malaysia 4095 m
13,435 ft
South China Sea and Indian Ocean sea level 4095 m
13,435 ft
         ⦁ Philippine Archipelago Mount Apo, Mindanao, Philippines 2954 m
9,692 ft
Philippine Sea and South China Sea sea level 2954 m
9,692 ft
      ⦁ Sri Lanka Pidurutalagala, Sri Lanka 2524 m
8,281 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2524 m
8,281 ft
   ⦁ Europe Mount Elbrus, Russia 5642 m
18,510 ft
Caspian Sea, Russia, et al. −28 m
−92 ft
5670 m
18,602 ft
      ⦁ British Isles Ben Nevis, Great Britain, Scotland, UK 1343 m
4,406 ft
The Fens, Great Britain, England, UK −4 m
−13 ft
1347 m
4,419 ft
⦁ Africa Kilimanjaro, Tanzania 5892 m
19,331 ft
Lake Assal,[3] Djibouti −155 m
−509 ft
6047 m
19,839 ft
   ⦁ Madagascar Maromokotro, Madagascar 2876 m
9,436 ft
Indian Ocean sea level 2876 m
9,436 ft
⦁ Americas Aconcagua, Argentina 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón, Argentina −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft
   ⦁ North America Denali, Alaska, United States 6190.5 m
20,310 ft
Badwater Basin, California, United States −85.0 m
−279 ft
6275.5 m
20,589 ft
      ⦁ Northern America Denali, Alaska, United States 6190.5 m
20,310 ft
Badwater Basin, California, United States −85.0 m
−279 ft
6275.5 m
20,589 ft
         ⦁ Greenland Gunnbjørn Fjeld, Greenland 3700 m
12,139 ft
Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic Ocean sea level 3700 m
12,139 ft
      ⦁ Central America Volcán Tajumulco, Guatemala 4220 m
13,845 ft
North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean sea level 4220 m
13,845 ft
      ⦁ Caribbean Pico Duarte, Hispaniola, Dominican Republic 3098 m
10,164 ft
Lago Enriquillo, Hispaniola, Dominican Republic −45 m
−148 ft
3143 m
10,312 ft
   ⦁ South America Aconcagua, Argentina 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón, Argentina −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft
⦁ Oceania Puncak Jaya, Indonesia 4884 m
16,024 ft
Lake Eyre, Australia −15 m
−49 ft
4899 m
16,073 ft
   ⦁ Australia Mount Kosciuszko, Australia 2228 m
7,310 ft
Lake Eyre, Australia −15 m
−49 ft
2243 m
7,359 ft
   ⦁ New Zealand Aoraki / Mount Cook, New Zealand 3724 m
12,218 ft
Taieri Plain, South Island, New Zealand −2 m
−7 ft
3726 m
12,224 ft
   ⦁ Melanesia Puncak Jaya, New Guinea, Indonesia 4884 m
16,024 ft
Pacific Ocean sea level 4884 m
16,024 ft
   ⦁ Micronesia Mount Agrihan, Agrihan, Northern Mariana Islands 965 m
3,166 ft
Pacific Ocean sea level 965 m
3,166 ft
   ⦁ Polynesia Mauna Kea, Hawaii, United States 4207 m
13,802 ft
Taieri Plains, South Island, New Zealand −2 m
−7 ft
4209 m
13,809 ft
⦁ Antarctica Mount Vinson,[4] Antarctica 4892 m
16,050 ft
Southern Ocean sea level 4892 m
16,050 ft
Rotating earth (Very small).gif Earth Mount Everest[1] 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea[2] −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft

Table of elevation extremes by geographic zone[edit]

Land surface elevation extremes by geographic zone

Geographic zone Highest point Maximum elevation Lowest point Minimum elevation Elevation span
Arctic Gunnbjørn Fjeld, Greenland 3700 m
12,139 ft
Arctic Ocean sea level 3700 m
12,139 ft
North Temperate Zone Mount Everest,[1] China and Nepal 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea,[2] Israel, Jordan, and Palestine −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft
North Tropical Zone Cayambe, Ecuador 5790 m
18,996 ft
Lake Assal,[3] Djibouti −155 m
−509 ft
5945 m
19,505 ft
South Tropical Zone Huáscarán, Peru 6768 m
22,205 ft
Bayóvar Depression, Peru −34 m
−112 ft
6802 m
22,316 ft
South Temperate Zone Aconcagua, Argentina 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón, Argentina −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft
Antarctic Mount Vinson,[4] Antarctica 4892 m
16,050 ft
Southern Ocean sea level 4892 m
16,050 ft

Table of elevation extremes by geographic hemisphere[edit]

Land surface elevation extremes by geographic hemisphere

Geographic hemisphere Highest point Maximum elevation Lowest point Minimum elevation Elevation span
Northern Hemisphere Mount Everest,[1] China and Nepal 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea,[2] Israel, Jordan, and Palestine −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft
Southern Hemisphere Aconcagua, Argentina 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón, Argentina −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft
Eastern Hemisphere Mount Everest,[1] China and Nepal 8848 m
29,029 ft
Dead Sea,[2] Israel, Jordan, and Palestine −428 m
−1,404 ft
9,276 m
30,433 ft
Western Hemisphere Aconcagua, Argentina 6960 m
22,835 ft
Laguna del Carbón, Argentina −105 m
−344 ft
7065 m
23,179 ft

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f The summit of Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth.
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth.
  3. ^ a b Lake Asal is the second-lowest depression on Earth.
  4. ^ a b The summit of Mount Vinson is the sixth-most topographically isolated and the eighth-most topographically prominent point on Earth.

External links[edit]