List of endangered birds

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5 extinct in the wild avian species (0.05%)223 critically endangered avian species (2%)460 endangered avian species (4.2%)798 vulnerable avian species (7.2%)1,001 near threatened avian species (9.1%)8,460 least concern avian species (76.9%)52 data deficient avian species (0.4%)Circle frame.svg
Avian species (IUCN, 2020-3)
  • 10,999 extant species have been evaluated
  • 10,947 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 9,461 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1,481 to 1,533 are threatened[c]
  • 164 to 183 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 159 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 5 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 19 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Endangered (EN) species are considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of December 2019, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 460 endangered avian species.[1] 4% of all evaluated avian species are listed as endangered. No subpopulations of birds have been evaluated by the IUCN.

For a species to be considered endangered by the IUCN it must meet certain quantitative criteria which are designed to classify taxa facing "a very high risk of extinction." An even higher risk is faced by critically endangered species, which meet the quantitative criteria for endangered species. Critically endangered birds are listed separately. There are 683 avian species which are endangered or critically endangered.

Additionally 53 avian species (0.48% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of endangered avian species evaluated by the IUCN. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Penguins[edit]

Procellariiformes[edit]

Includes petrels and albatrosses.

Gruiformes[edit]

("Crane-like")

Parrots[edit]

There are 41 parrot species assessed as endangered.

Kakapo species[edit]

Cockatoos[edit]

Psittacids[edit]

Ciconiiformes[edit]

Suliformes[edit]

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Pelecaniformes[edit]

("Pelican-like")

Galliformes[edit]

Bucerotiformes[edit]

Includes hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes.

Accipitriformes[edit]

Includes most of the diurnal birds of prey.

Anseriformes[edit]

("Goose-like")

Owls[edit]

Charadriiformes[edit]

Passerines[edit]

Pittas[edit]

Cotingas[edit]

Tyrant flycatchers[edit]

Antbirds[edit]

Tapaculos[edit]

Ovenbirds[edit]

Bushshrikes and allies[edit]

Vangas[edit]

Monarchs[edit]

Crows, jays, magpies, and allies[edit]

Larks[edit]

Cisticolas[edit]

Marsh-warblers[edit]

White-eyes[edit]

Laughingthrushes[edit]

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Weavers[edit]

Finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers[edit]

True sparrows[edit]

Grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles[edit]

New World warblers[edit]

True tanagers[edit]

Other Passeriformes[edit]

Caprimulgiformes[edit]

There are 23 species in the order Caprimulgiformes assessed as endangered.

Hummingbirds[edit]

Nightjars[edit]

Swifts[edit]

Piciformes[edit]

("Woodpecker-like")

Other bird species[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2020-3". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.