List of endangered languages in Asia

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An endangered language is a language that is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. A language may be endangered in one area but show signs of revitalisation in another, as with the Irish language.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization defines five levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":[1]

  • Vulnerable - "most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home)"
  • Definitely endangered - "children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home"
  • Severely endangered - "language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves"
  • Critically endangered - "the youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently"
  • Extinct - "there are no speakers left; included in the Atlas if presumably extinct since the 1950s"

The list below includes the findings from the third edition of Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010; formerly the Red Book of Endangered Languages), as well as the online edition of the aforementioned publication, both published by UNESCO.[2]

Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Ashkun language Definitely endangered[1]   ask
Brahui language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan brh
Central Asian Arabic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Uzbekistan, Tajikistan abh, auz
Gambiri language
(Tregami language)
Severely endangered[1]   trm
Gawar-Bati language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan gwt
Kati language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan bsh, xvi
Moghol language Critically endangered[1]   mhj
Munji language Severely endangered[1]   mnj
Ningalami language Severely endangered[1]   nli
Ormuri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan oru
Parachi language Definitely endangered[1]   prc
Parya language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Uzbekistan, Tajikistan paq
Pashayi language Vulnerable[1]   aee, glh, psh, psi
Prasun language
Wasi-wari language
Definitely endangered[1]   prn
Rushani language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Tajikistan sgh
Sanglechi language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Tajikistan sgl
Savi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan sdg
Shughni language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Tajikistan sgh
Shumashti language Severely endangered[1]   sts
Tirahi language Critically endangered[1]   tra
Waigali language Definitely endangered[1]   wbk
Wakhi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Pakistan, Tajikistan wbl
Wotapuri-Katarqalai language Definitely endangered[1]   wsv

Armenia[edit]

Armenia
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Pontic Greek language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Georgia, Greece, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine pnt
Suret language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey aii

Azerbaijan[edit]

Azerbaijan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Budukh language Severely endangered[1]   bdk
Juhuri language
Judeo-Tat language
Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia jdt
Khinalug language Severely endangered[1]   kjj
Kryz language Severely endangered[1]   kry
Lezgian language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Russia lez
Rutul language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia rut
Talysh language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Iran tly
Tat language Severely endangered[1]   ttt
Tsakhur language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia tkr
Udi language Severely endangered[1]   udi

Bangladesh[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

Bhutan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Black Mountain Monpa language
'Ole language
Definitely endangered[1]   ole
Brokkat language Definitely endangered[1]   bro
Brokpa language Definitely endangered[1]   sgt
Bumthang language Vulnerable[1]   kjz
Chali language Definitely endangered[1]   tgf
Chocangaca language Definitely endangered[1]   cgk
Dakpa language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India dka
Dzala language Vulnerable[1]   dzl
Dzongkha language Vulnerable[1]   dzo
Gongduk language Vulnerable[1]   goe
Kheng language Vulnerable[1]   xkf
Kurtöp language Vulnerable[1]   xkz
Lakha language Definitely endangered[1]   lkh
Lepcha language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India, Nepal lep
Lhokpu language Definitely endangered[1]   lhp
Nupbikha language Vulnerable[1]   npb
Nyenkha language Vulnerable[1]   neh
Tawang language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, India twm
Tshangla language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, India tsj

Burma (Myanmar)[edit]

Burma
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Akeu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos, Thailand aeu
Amok language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Laos, Thailand mqt
Angku language Critically endangered[1]    
Anung language Severely endangered[1]   nun
Bisu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand bzi
Chothe language Definitely endangered[1]   nct
Danaw language Critically endangered[1]   dnu
Ganan language Severely endangered[1]   zkn
Kadu language Severely endangered[1]   kdv
Laomian language Definitely endangered[1]   lwm
Moklen language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand mwt
Mon language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Thailand mnw
Mru language Severely endangered[1]   mro
Palaung language Severely endangered[1]   pce
Pale language Severely endangered[1]   pce
Riang language Critically endangered[1]   ril
Rumai language Severely endangered[1]   rbb
Sak language Vulnerable[1]   ckh
Tailoi language Critically endangered[1]   tlq
Taruang language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, India mhu
Wa language Severely endangered[1]   prk or wbm

Cambodia[edit]

Cambodia
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Brao language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos, Vietnam brb
Chong language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand cog
Kaco' language Definitely endangered[1]   xkk
Kasong language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand has no iso code
Kraol language Critically endangered[1]   rka
Kravet language Critically endangered[1]   krv
Krueng language Severely endangered[1]   krr
Kuay language Severely endangered[1]   kdt
Pear language Severely endangered[1]   pcb
Phnong language Severely endangered[1]   cmo
Sa'och language Critically endangered[1] Also known as: Chung
Also spoken in: Thailand
scq
Somray language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand smu
Samre language Critically endangered[1]   sxm
Song language Critically endangered[1]    
Stieng language Severely endangered[1]   sti or stt
Tampuan language Severely endangered[1]   tpu
Western Cham language Vulnerable[1]   cja

China[edit]

Cyprus[edit]

Cyprus
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Cypriot Arabic language Severely endangered[1]   acy

East Timor[edit]

East Timor
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adabe language Vulnerable[1]   adb
Habu language Vulnerable[1]   hbu
Kairui-Midiki language Vulnerable[1]   krd
Maku'a language Critically endangered[1]   lva
Naueti language Vulnerable[1]   nxa
Waima'a language Definitely endangered[1]   wmh

Georgia[edit]

Georgia
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Abkhaz language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Russia, Turkey abk
Bats language Severely endangered[1]   bbl
Bohtan Neo-Aramaic language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia bhn
Homshetsma language
Homshetsi dialect
Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia hye (?)
Laz language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Turkey lzz
Mingrelian language Definitely endangered[1]   xmf
Ossete language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Russia oss
Pontic Greek language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Greece, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine pnt
Svan language Definitely endangered[1]   sva
Udi language Severely endangered[1]   udi
Urum language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia, Ukraine uum

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Iran
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Ashtiani language Definitely endangered[1]   atn
Bashkardi language Definitely endangered[1]   bsg
Dzhidi language Definitely endangered[1]   jpr
Gazi language Definitely endangered[1]   gzi
Hawrami language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iraq bjm, hac, sdb, sdf
Khalaj language Vulnerable[1]   klj
Khorasani Turkic language Vulnerable[1]   kmz
Khunsari language Definitely endangered[1]   kfm
Koroshi language Critically endangered[1]   ktl
Lari language Definitely endangered[1]   lrl, fay
Mandaic language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iraq mid
Natanzi language Severely endangered[1]   ntz
Nayini language Severely endangered[1]   nyq
Semnani language Definitely endangered[1]   lsa, sgr, smy, sqo
Senaya language Critically endangered[1]   syn
Sivandi language Definitely endangered[1]   siy, faz
Soi language Definitely endangered[1]   soi
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Iraq, Syria, Turkey aii, cld
Talysh language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Azerbaijan tly
Tati language Definitely endangered[1]   avd, esh, goz, hrz, kgn, okh, rat, rdb, shm, tks, tov, vmh, xkj, xkc, xkp
Vafsi language Definitely endangered[1]   vaf
Zoroastrian Dari language Definitely endangered[1]   gbz

Iraq[edit]

Iraq
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adyge language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Turkey ady
Hawrami language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iran bjm, hac, sdb, sdf
Mandaic language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iran mid
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Iran, Syria, Turkey aii, cld
Western Armenian language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Lebanon, Syria hye

Israel[edit]

Israel
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adyge language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Jordan, Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Turkey ady
Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic language Critically endangered[1]   bjf
Domari language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Palestine, Syria rmt
Hulaula language
Hulaulá language
Severely endangered[1]   huy
Judeo-Berber language Severely endangered[1]   jbe
Judezmo language Severely endangered[1]   lad
Juhuri language Definitely endangered[1]   jdt
Lishan Didan language Severely endangered[1]   trg
Lishana Deni language Severely endangered[1]   lsd
Lishanid Noshan language Severely endangered[1]   aij
Moroccan Judeo-Arabic language Definitely endangered[1]   aju
Judeo-Tunisian Arabic language Severely endangered[1]   ajt
Yiddish language Definitely endangered[1]   ydd

Japan[edit]

Japan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Ainu language Critically endangered[1]   ain
Amami language Definitely endangered[1]   ams, kzg, ryn, tkn
Hachijō language Definitely endangered[1]    
Kunigami language Definitely endangered[1]   okn, xug, yox
Miyako language Definitely endangered[1]   mvi
Okinawan language Definitely endangered[1]   ryu
Yaeyama language Severely endangered[1]   rys
Yonaguni language Severely endangered[1]   yoi

Jordan[edit]

Jordan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adyge language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Israel, Macedonia, Russia, Syria, Turkey ady
Domari language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Libya, Palestine, Syria rmt

Kazakhstan[edit]

Kazakhstan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Dungan language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Kyrgyzstan dng

Korea[edit]

Korea
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Jeju language Critically endangered[1]   jje

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Kyrgyzstan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Dungan language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Kazakhstan dng
Oyrat language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Mongolia xal

Laos[edit]

Laos
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Aheu language Definitely endangered[1]   thm
Akeu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Burma, Thailand aeu
Amok language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Burma, Thailand mqt
Arem language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam aem
Bana language Severely endangered[1]   phq
Brao language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Cambodia, Vietnam brb
Chatong language Definitely endangered[1]    
Chepya language Definitely endangered[1]   ycp
Dakkang language Definitely endangered[1]    
Hung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam hnu
O’du language Critically endangered[1]   tyh
Juk language Definitely endangered[1]    
Kri language Severely endangered[1]   aem
Maleng language Definitely endangered[1]   pkt
May language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam scb
Mlabri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand mra
Mok language Definitely endangered[1]   tlq
Psing language Definitely endangered[1]   bgk
Phong language Definitely endangered[1]   hnu, tmk
Phunoi language Vulnerable[1] could be multiple languages pho
Phong language Definitely endangered[1]   pnx
Ruc language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam scb
Sach language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam scb
Saek language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand skb
Sila language (Laos) Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam slt
Tai Daeng language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Vietnam tyr
Tai Neua language Vulnerable[1]   tdd
Thavung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Thailand thm
Theen language Severely endangered[1]    
Triw language Definitely endangered[1]   kuf? (or Bru related?)
Tum language Definitely endangered[1]   tmk

Lebanon[edit]

Lebanon
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Domari language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Libya, Palestine, Syria rmt
Western Armenian language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Syria hye

Malaysia[edit]

Malaysia
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Abai Sungai language Definitely endangered[1]   abf
Batek language Critically endangered[1]   btq
Cheq Wong language Definitely endangered[1]   cwg
Duano' language Critically endangered[1]   dup
Jah Hut language Severely endangered[1]   jah
Jahai language Critically endangered[1]   jhi
Kanowit language Severely endangered[1]   kxn
Kensiw language Critically endangered[1]   kns
Kintaq language Critically endangered[1]   knq
Kristang language Severely endangered[1]   mcm
Lanoh language Critically endangered[1]   lnh
Mah Meri language Severely endangered[1]   mhe
Menriq language Critically endangered[1]   mnq
Jakun language Definitely endangered[1]   jak
Orang Seletar language Severely endangered[1]   ors
Punan Batu language Critically endangered[1]   pnm
Semai language Severely endangered[1]   sca
Semaq Beri language Critically endangered[1]   szc
Semelai language Severely endangered[1]   sza
Sian language Severely endangered[1]   spg
Temiar language Definitely endangered[1]   tea
Temuan language Severely endangered[1]   tmw
Ukit language   umi

Mongolia[edit]

Mongolia
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Buryat language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China bxm, bxr, bxu
Dukha language Severely endangered[1]    
Evenki language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia evn, orh
Khamnigan Mongol language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Russia  
Khövsgöl Uryangkhay language Critically endangered[1]    
Oyrat language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Kyrgyzstan xal
Tuvan language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, Russia tyv

Nepal[edit]

Oman[edit]

Oman
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Bathari language Critically endangered[1]   bhm
Harsusi language Definitely endangered[1]   hss
Hobyot language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Yemen hoh
Jibbali language Severely endangered[1]   shv
Khojki language
Luwati language
Severely endangered[1]   luv
Kumzari language Severely endangered[1]   zum
Mehri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Yemen gdq
Zidgali language Critically endangered[1]    

Pakistan[edit]

Pakistan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Balti language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India bft
Bashkarik language Definitely endangered[1]   gwc, xka
Bateri language Definitely endangered[1]   btv
Bhadravahi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India bhd
Brahui language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan brh
Burushaski language Vulnerable[1]   bsk
Chilisso language Severely endangered[1]   clh
Dameli language Severely endangered[1]   dml
Domaaki language Severely endangered[1]   dmk
Gawar-Bati language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan gwt
Gowro language Severely endangered[1]   gwf
Jad language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India jda
Kalasha language Severely endangered[1]  Not to be confused with Kalasha-ala language kls
Kalkoti language Severely endangered[1]    
Kati language
Kamkata-viri language, Kata-vari dialect
Kamviri dialect
Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan bsh, xvi
Khowar language Vulnerable[1]   khw
Kundal Shahi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India  
Maiya language Vulnerable[1]   mvy
Ormuri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan oru
Phalura language Definitely endangered[1]   phl
Purik language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India prx
Savi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan sdg
Spiti language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India spt
Torwali language Definitely endangered[1]   trw
Ushojo language Definitely endangered[1]   ush
Wakhi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan wbl
Yidgha language Definitely endangered[1]   ydg
Zangskari language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India zau

Palestine[edit]

Palestine
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Domari language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Syria rmt

Philippines[edit]

Philippines
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Alabat Island Agta language Critically endangered[1]   dul
Bataan Ayta language Definitely endangered[1]   ayt
Batak language Definitely endangered[1]   bya
Camarines Norte Agta language Severely endangered[1]   abd
Central Cagayan Agta language Vulnerable[1]   agt
Dupaninan Agta language Vulnerable[1]   duo
Faire Atta language Severely endangered[1]   azt
Isarog Agta language Critically endangered[1]   agk
Mt. Iraya Agta language Definitely endangered[1]   atl
Northern Alta language Severely endangered[1]   aqn
Ratagnon language Severely endangered[1]   btn
Sorsogon Ayta language Critically endangered[1]   ays

Russia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Vedda language Definitely endangered[1] may be extinct   ved

Syria[edit]

Syria
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adyge language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Russia, Turkey ady
Domari language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Palestine rmt
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey aii, cld
Turoyo language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Turkey tru
Western Armenian language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Lebanon hye
Western Neo-Aramaic language Definitely endangered[1]   amw

Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Amis language Vulnerable[3] Amis was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 ami
Bunun language Definitely endangered[1]   bnn
Kanakanabu language Critically endangered[1]   xnb
Kavalan language Critically endangered[1]   ckv
Nataoran language Critically endangered[1]   ais
Paiwan language Vulnerable[4]   pwn
Pyuma language Vulnerable[5] Pyuma was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 pyu
Rukai language Vulnerable[6]   dru
Saaroa language Critically endangered[1]   sxr
Saisiyat language Severely endangered[1]   xsy
Taroko language Vulnerable[7] Taroko was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 trv
Tayal language Vulnerable[8] Tayal was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 tay
Thao language Critically endangered[1]   ssf
Tsou language Vulnerable[9] Tsou was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 tsy
Yami language Vulnerable[10] Yami was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017 tao

Tajikistan[edit]

Tajikistan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Bartangi language Severely endangered[1]   sgh
Central Asian Arabic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Uzbekistan, Afghanistan abh, auz
Ishkashimi language Severely endangered[1]   sgl
Parya language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Uzbekistan, Afghanistan paq
Roshorvi language Severely endangered[1]   sgh
Rushani language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan sgh
Sanglechi language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan sgl
Shughni language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Afghanistan sgh
Wakhi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Pakistan, Afghanistan wbl
Yaghnobi language Definitely endangered[1]   yai
Yazgulami language Severely endangered[1]   yah

Thailand[edit]

Thailand
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Akeu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos, Burma aeu
Amok language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: China, Laos, Burma mqt
Bisu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Burma bzi
Bru language Definitely endangered[1]   brv
Chong language Severely endangered[1] Ethnic remnant in: Cambodia cog
Gong language Severely endangered[1]   ugo
Kasong language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Cambodia
Kensiw language Severely endangered[1]   kns
Kuy language Definitely endangered[1]   nyl ?
Lavua language Definitely endangered[1]   lcp
Lua language Definitely endangered[1]   prb
Maniq language Definitely endangered[1]   tnz
Mlabri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos mra
Mok language Definitely endangered[1] mqt
Moklen language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Burma mwt
Mon language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Burma mnw
Mpi language Definitely endangered[1]   mpz
Nyah Kur language Definitely endangered[1]   cbn
Patani Malay language Vulnerable[1]   mfa
Saek language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos skb
Sa'och language Critically endangered[1] Also known as: Chung
Also spoken in: Cambodia
scq
Somray language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Cambodia smu
Thavung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos thm
Urak Lawoi language Definitely endangered[1]   urk

Turkey[edit]

Turkey
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Abaza language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia abq
Abkhaz language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Georgia, Russia abk
Adyge language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Russia, Syria ady
Gagauz language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Greece, Macedonia bgx, gag
Hértevin language Critically endangered[1]   hrt
Homshetsma language Definitely endangered[1]   hye
Judezmo language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Morocco, Romania, Serbia lad
Kabard-Cherkes language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Russia kbd
Laz language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Georgia lzz
Pontic Greek language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Georgia, Greece, Russia, Ukraine pnt
Romani language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Albania, Germany, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, United Kingdom, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Ukraine, Serbia, Montenegro rmc, rmf, rml, rmn, rmo, rmw, rmy
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Syria aii, cld
Turoyo language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Syria tru
Western Armenian language Definitely endangered[1]   hye
Zazaki language Vulnerable[1]   zza

Turkmenistan[edit]

Turkmenistan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Trukhmen language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia  

Uzbekistan[edit]

Uzbekistan
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Bukharic language Definitely endangered[1]   bhh
Central Asian Arabic language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Tajikistan, Afghanistan abh, auz
Parya language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Tajikistan, Afghanistan paq

Vietnam[edit]

Vietnam
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Arem language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos aem
Baheng language Vulnerable[1]   pha
Brao language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Cambodia, Laos brb
Chrau language Definitely endangered[1]   crw
Chru language Vulnerable[1]   cje
Côông language Definitely endangered[1]   cnc
Cosung language Definitely endangered[1]   lkc
Eastern Cham language Definitely endangered[1]   cjm
En language Critically endangered[1]   enc
Green Gelao language Critically endangered[1]   giq
Hung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos hnu
O'du language Critically endangered[1]   tyh
Kháng language Severely endangered.[1] Compare to Quang Lam language, Kháng language   kjm
Lachi language Definitely endangered[1]   lwh
Laghuu language Definitely endangered[1]   lgh
Laha language Definitely endangered[1]   lha
Mang language Definitely endangered[1]   zng
May language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos scb
Mo'ang language Definitely endangered[1]    
Nguon language Vulnerable[1]   nuo
Nung Ven language Vulnerable[1]   enc
Phula language Definitely endangered[1]   ypa, ypg, ypo, yip, ypn, yhl, ypb, phh, ypm, ypp, yph, ypz
Red Gelao language Critically endangered[1]   gir
Ruc language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos scb
Sach language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos scb
Sila language (Laos) Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos slt
Tai Daeng language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Laos tyr
White Gelao language Severely endangered[1]   giw

Yemen[edit]

Yemen
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Hobyot language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Oman hoh
Mehri language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Oman gdq
Razihi language Definitely endangered[1]    
Soqotri language Severely endangered[1]   sqt

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl Moseley, Christopher, ed. (2010). Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Memory of Peoples (3rd ed.). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 978-92-3-104096-2. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  2. ^ For the online atlas version see here
  3. ^ [1] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Amis was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)
  4. ^ [2] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map."
  5. ^ [3] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Pyuma was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)
  6. ^ [4] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map."
  7. ^ [5] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Taroko was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)
  8. ^ [6] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Tayal was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)
  9. ^ [7] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Tsou was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)
  10. ^ [8] "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger - Interactive Map." (Yami was added to the list as "Vulnerable" in June, 2017)