List of endangered languages in Brazil

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An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO defines four levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":[1]

  • Vulnerable
  • Definitely endangered
  • Severely endangered
  • Critically endangered

Languages[edit]

Main article: Languages of Brazil
Brazil
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Aikana language Definitely endangered[1]   tba
Ajuru language Extinct[1]   wyr
Akawaio language Vulnerable[1]   ake
Akuntsu language Critically endangered[1]    
Akwáwa language Vulnerable[1]   mdz, pak, asu
Anambé language Critically endangered[1]   aan
Apalai language Vulnerable[1]   apy
Apiaká language Critically endangered[1]   api
Apinajé language Vulnerable[1]   apn
Apurinã language Definitely endangered[1]   apu
Arara do Pará language Vulnerable[1]   aap
Arára Shawãdáwa language Critically endangered[1]   knt
Araweté language Vulnerable[1]   awt
Arikapu language Critically endangered[1]   ark
Aruá language Severely endangered[1]   arx
Ashaninka language Vulnerable[1]   cjo, cni, cpb, cpc, cpu, cpy, prq
Asurini do Xingu language Vulnerable[1]   asn
Aurê-Aurá language Critically endangered[1]   aux
Ava-Canoeiro language Critically endangered[1]   avv
Aweti language Vulnerable[1]   awe
Bakairi language Vulnerable[1]   bkq
Banawá Yafi language Vulnerable[1]   jaa
Baníwa do Içana language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Colombia, Venezuela bwi
Bara language Vulnerable[1]   pok, bao
Barasana language Severely endangered[1]   bsn
Baré language Critically endangered[1]   bae, mht
Bororo language Definitely endangered[1]   bor
Carapana language Severely endangered[1]   cbc
Cashinahua language Vulnerable[1]   cbs
Chamacoco language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Paraguay ceg
Chiquitano language Critically endangered[1]   cax
Cinta Larga language Vulnerable[1]   cin
Cocama-Cocamilla language Critically endangered[1]   cod
Cubeo language Definitely endangered[1]   cub
Culina language Vulnerable[1]   cul
Dâw language Vulnerable[1]   kwa
Dení language Vulnerable[1]   dny
Desano language Definitely endangered[1]   des
Diahói language Critically endangered[1]   pah
Djeoromitxi language Severely endangered[1]   jbt
Enawenê-Nawê language Vulnerable[1]   unk
Galibi Marworno language Vulnerable[1]   car
Gavião de Rondônia language Vulnerable[1]   gvo
Gavião do Pará language Vulnerable[1]   gvp
Guajá language Vulnerable[1]   gvj
Guajajara language Vulnerable[1]   gub
Guarasu language Critically endangered[1]    
Guató language Critically endangered[1]   gta
Hixkaryána language Vulnerable[1]   hix
Hupda language Vulnerable[1]   jup
Ikpeng language Vulnerable[1]   txi
Iranxe language Critically endangered[1]   irn
Jamamadí language Vulnerable[1]   jaa
Jarawára language Vulnerable[1]   jap
Javaé language Definitely endangered[1]   kpj
Juma language Critically endangered[1]   jua
Ka'apór language Vulnerable[1]   urb
Kadiwéu language Definitely endangered[1]   kbc
Kaingang language Definitely endangered[1]   kgp
Kaiowá Guarani language Vulnerable[1]   kgk, pta
Kaixána language Critically endangered[1]    
Kalapalo language Vulnerable[1]   kui
Kamaiurá language Vulnerable[1]   kay
Kanela Apaniekra language Vulnerable[1]   ram
Kanela Rankokamekra language Vulnerable[1]   ram
Kanoê language Critically endangered[1]   kxo
Karajá language Vulnerable[1]   kpj
Kari'ña language Definitely endangered[1]   car, ciy
Karipuna language Definitely endangered[1]   kuq
Karipuna do Amapá language Vulnerable[1]   kmv
Karitiana language Vulnerable[1]   ktn
Karo language Vulnerable[1]   arr
Katawixi language Critically endangered[1]   xat
Katukina do Acre language Severely endangered[1]   knt
Katukína-Kanamarí language Vulnerable[1]   kav, knm
Katxuyana-Xikuyána language Vulnerable[1]   kbb
Kaxarari language Critically endangered[1]   ktx
Kayabi language Vulnerable[1]   kyz
Kinikinau language Critically endangered[1]   gqn
Kisêdjê language Vulnerable[1]   suy
Korúbo language Vulnerable[1]   xor
Krahô language Vulnerable[1]   xra
Krenak language Critically endangered[1]   kqq
Krikati language Vulnerable[1]   xri
Kuikuro language Vulnerable[1]   kui
Kujubim language Critically endangered[1]    
Kulina Páno language Severely endangered[1]   xpk
Kurripako language Vulnerable[1]   kpc
Kuruáya language Critically endangered[1]   kyr
Kwazá language Critically endangered[1]   xwa
Machineri language Vulnerable[1]   mpd
Macuna language Vulnerable[1]   myy
Macushi language Vulnerable[1]   mbc
Makurap language Severely endangered[1]   mpu
Marúbo language Vulnerable[1]   mzr
Matipu language Critically endangered[1]   mzo
Matís language Vulnerable[1]   mpq
Mawayana language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Suriname mpw, mzx
Mawé language Vulnerable[1]   mav
Maxakali language Vulnerable[1]   mbl
Mayoruna language Vulnerable[1]   mcf
Mbya Guarani language Vulnerable[1]   gun
Mebengokre language Vulnerable[1]   txu
Mehináku language Vulnerable[1]   mmh
Miraña language Critically endangered[1]   boa
Mirití Tapuia language Critically endangered[1]   mmv
Mundurukú language Vulnerable[1]   myu
Myky language Vulnerable[1]   irn
Nadëb language Definitely endangered[1]   mbj
Nahukwa language Definitely endangered[1]   mzo
Nambiquara do Norte language Vulnerable[1]   lkd, ltn, xtw, wmd
Nambiquara do Sul language Vulnerable[1]   nab
Ñandeva Guarani language Vulnerable[1]   nhd
Nheengatu / Yeral language Severely endangered[1]   yrl
Ninam language Vulnerable[1]   shb
Ofayé language Critically endangered[1]   opy
Omagua language Critically endangered[1]   omg
Oro Win language Critically endangered[1]   orw
Paiter language Vulnerable[1]   sru
Palikur language Vulnerable[1]   plu
Panará language Vulnerable[1]   kre
Pareci language Definitely endangered[1]   pab
Parintintin language Critically endangered[1]   pah
Patamona language Vulnerable[1]   pbc
Paumarí language Severely endangered[1]   pad
Pemon language Vulnerable[1]   aoc
Pirahã language Vulnerable[1]   myp
Piratapuya language Severely endangered[1]   pir
Poyanawa language Critically endangered[1]   pyn
Pukobyê language Vulnerable[1]   gvp
Puruborá language Critically endangered[1]   pur
Rikbaktsa language Severely endangered[1]   rkb
Sabanê language Critically endangered[1]   sae
Sakurabiat language Severely endangered[1]   skf
Salamãy language Critically endangered[1]   mnd
Sanema language Vulnerable[1]   xsu
Shanenawa language Vulnerable[1]   ywn
Siriano language Vulnerable[1]   sri
Suruahá language Vulnerable[1]   swx
Tapayuna language Severely endangered[1]   suy
Tapirapé language Vulnerable[1]   taf
Tariana language Critically endangered[1]   tae
Tembé language Severely endangered[1]   tqb
Tenharim language Severely endangered[1]   pah
Terena language Severely endangered[1]   ter
Ticuna language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Colombia, Peru tca
Trio language Vulnerable[1]   tri
Trumai language Critically endangered[1]   tpy
Tucano language Vulnerable[1]   tuo
Tupari language Definitely endangered[1]   tpr
Tuyuca language Vulnerable[1]   tue
Uru-eu-au-au language Vulnerable[1]   urz, adw
Waimirí-Atroarí language Vulnerable[1]   atr
Waiwai language Vulnerable[1]   waw
Wajãpi language Vulnerable[1]   oym
Wanano / Kotiria language Vulnerable[1]   gvc
Wapishana language Definitely endangered[1]   wap
Warekena language Critically endangered[1]   gae
Wari language Definitely endangered[1]   pav
Wauja language Vulnerable[1]   wau
Wayana language Vulnerable[1]   way
Xambioá language Critically endangered[1]   kpj
Xavante language Vulnerable[1]   xav
Xerente language Severely endangered[1]   xer
Xetá language Critically endangered[1]   xet
Xipáya language Critically endangered[1]   xiy
Xokleng language Critically endangered[1]   xok
Yaminahua language Vulnerable[1]   yaa
Yanomám language Vulnerable[1]   wca
Yanomami language Vulnerable[1]   wck
Yatê language Severely endangered[1]   fun
Yawalapiti language Critically endangered[1]   yaw
Yawanawá language Vulnerable[1]   ywn
Yecuana language Vulnerable[1]   mch
Yudja language Vulnerable[1]   jur
Yuhup language Vulnerable[1]   yab
Zo'é language Vulnerable[1]   pto
Zoró language Vulnerable[1]   gvo

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw Moseley, Christopher, ed. (2010). Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Memory of Peoples (3rd ed.). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 978-92-3-104096-2. Retrieved 2015-04-11.