List of endangered languages in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO defines four levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":[1]

  • Vulnerable
  • Definitely endangered
  • Severely endangered
  • Critically endangered

Languages[edit]

Main article: Languages of China
China
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
Adi language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India adi
Aluo language Definitely endangered[1]   yna
Amis language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages ami
Amok language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Laos, Burma, Thailand mqt
Anung language Critically endangered[1]   nun
Aqaw Gelao language Critically endangered[1]   gio
Ayizi language Critically endangered[1]   yyz
Baheng language Vulnerable[1]   pha
Baima language Vulnerable[1]   bqh
Bokar language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India adi
Bola language Definitely endangered[1]   bxd
Bonan language Definitely endangered[1]   peh
Bori language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India adi
Bunun language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages bnn
Buryat language Definitely endangered[1] (Manchuria). Also spoken in: Mongolia bxm, bxr, bxu
Buyang language Severely endangered[1]   yzg, yha, yin
Chesu language Definitely endangered[1]   ych
Chintaw language Critically endangered[1]   xia
Choyi language Definitely endangered[1]   qvy
Cosung language Definitely endangered[1]   lkc
Cuona Menba language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan, India twm
Dagur language Critically endangered[1] (Amur).  dta
Dagur language Definitely endangered[1] (Hailar).   dta
Dagur language Definitely endangered[1] (Nonni).   dta
Ersu language Definitely endangered[1]   ers
Evenki language Severely endangered[1] (Manchuria)   evn, orh
Gangou language Severely endangered[1]    
Gazhuo language Definitely endangered[1]   kaf
Green Gelao language Critically endangered[1]   giq
Guichong language Vulnerable[1]   gqi
Hlersu language Vulnerable[1]   hle
Hu language Definitely endangered[1]   huo
Huzhu Monguor language Severely endangered[1]   mjg
Idu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India clk
Ili Turk language Severely endangered[1]   ili
Jinuo language Definitely endangered[1]   jiy, jiu
Jiongnai Bunu language Definitely endangered[1]   pnu
Jone language Definitely endangered[1]   cda
Kanakanabu language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages xnb
Kangjia language Severely endangered[1]   kxs
Kathu language Definitely endangered[1]   ykt
Kavalan language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages ckv
Khamba language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India kbg
Khamnigan Mongol language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Mongolia, Russia  
Khmin language Vulnerable[1]   bgk
Kilen language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia gld
Ladakhi language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India cna, lbj, tkk
Laemae language Severely endangered[1]    
Lai language Definitely endangered[1]   ply
Laji language Critically endangered[1]   lbt
Lajia language Definitely endangered[1]   lbc
Lalo language Vulnerable[1]   yik, ywt, yit, ywl
Lamu language Critically endangered[1]   llh
Laomian language Definitely endangered[1]   lwm
Mak language Definitely endangered[1]   mkg
Manchu language Critically endangered[1] (Amur).   juc, mnc
Manchu language Critically endangered[1] (Nonni).   juc, mnc
Manchurian Kirghiz language Critically endangered[1]    
Manchurian Ölöt language Severely endangered[1]    
Mang language Definitely endangered[1]   zng
Maonan language Vulnerable[1]   mmd
Miju language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India mxj
Minhe Monguor language Definitely endangered[1]   mjg
Miqie language Definitely endangered[1]   yiq
Mo'ang language Definitely endangered[1]    
Mok language Definitely endangered[1]   tlq
Motuo Menba language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India tsj
Mra language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: India  
Muda language Vulnerable[1]   ymd
Muji language Definitely endangered[1]   ymx, ymq, ymc, ymi, ymz
Mulam language Vulnerable[1]   mlm
Mulao language Severely endangered[1]    
Muya language Vulnerable[1]   mvm
Na language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: India  
Naluo language Vulnerable[1]   ylo
Namuyi language Vulnerable[1]   nmy
Nanay language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Russia gld
Nataoran language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages ais
Northern Tujia language Severely endangered[1]   tji
Numao Bunu language Definitely endangered[1]   bwx
Ordos language Definitely endangered[1]   drh, khk, mvf
Oyrat language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia xal
Paiwan language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages pwn
Pakan language Definitely endangered[1]   bbh
Patua language Critically endangered[1]   mzs
Pazeh language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages uun
Phula language Vulnerable[1]   ypa, ypg, ypo, yip, ypn, yhl, ypb, phh, ypm, ypp, yph, ypz
Pupeo language Definitely endangered[1]   laq
Pyuma language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages pyu
Rao language Definitely endangered[1]   tct
Red Gelao language Critically endangered[1]   gir
Rukai language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages dru
Saaroa language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages sxr
Saisiyat language Severely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages xsy
Salar language Vulnerable[1]   slr
Samatao language Critically endangered[1]   ysd
Samatu language Critically endangered[1]    
Samei language Severely endangered[1]   smh
Sangkong language Vulnerable[1]   sgk
Santa language Vulnerable[1]   sce
Sanyi language Severely endangered[1]   ysy
Sarikoli language Definitely endangered[1]   srh
Saryg Yugur language Severely endangered[1]   ybe
She language Critically endangered[1]   shx
Sherpa language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India, Nepal xsr
Shingsaba language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Nepal lhm
Shira Yugur language Severely endangered[1]   yuy
Shixing language Definitely endangered[1]   sxg
Sibe language Severely endangered[1]   sjo
Sinkiang Dagur language Definitely endangered[1]   dta
Solon language Definitely endangered[1]   evn, orh
Southern Tujia language Severely endangered[1]   tjs
Sulung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India suv
Talu language Vulnerable[1]   yta
Tanglang language Vulnerable[1]   ytl
Tangwang language Definitely endangered[1]    
Taroko language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages trv
Taruang language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: India, Burma mhu
Tayal language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages tay
Thao language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages ssf
Tinan language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India lbf
Tshangla language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan, India tsj
Tsou language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages tsy
Tuvan language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Mongolia, Russia tyv
U language Definitely endangered[1]   uuu
Utsat language Definitely endangered[1]   huq
Wakhi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan wbl
Waxiang language Vulnerable[1]   wxa
White Gelao language Severely endangered[1]   giw
Wunai Bunu language Definitely endangered[1]   bwn
Wuse language Vulnerable[1]   eee
Wutun language Definitely endangered[1]   wuh
Yami language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Taiwan. Formosan languages tao
Yerong language Severely endangered[1]   yrn
Younuo Bunu language Definitely endangered[1]   buh
Zaiwa language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: India zkr
Zaozou language Vulnerable[1]   zal
Zhaba language Vulnerable[1]   zhb

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei Moseley, Christopher, ed. (2010). Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Memory of Peoples (3rd ed.). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 978-92-3-104096-2. Retrieved 2015-04-11.