List of endangered mammals

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2 extinct in the wild mammalian species (0.04%)205 critically endangered mammalian species (3.8%)474 endangered mammalian species (8.7%)529 vulnerable mammalian species (9.7%)343 near threatened mammalian species (6.3%)3117 least concern mammalian species (57%)783 data deficient mammalian species (14%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Extinct in the wild (EW): 2 species
  •   Critically endangered (CR): 205 species
  •   Endangered (EN): 474 species
  •   Vulnerable (VU): 529 species
  •   Near threatened (NT): 343 species
  •   Least concern (LC): 3,117 species
  •   Data deficient (DD): 783 species
Mammalian species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 5453 extant species have been evaluated
  • 4670 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 3460 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 1208 to 1991 are threatened[c]
  • 85 to 115 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 83 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 2 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 30 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT and LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Endangered (EN) species are considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild.

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 474 endangered mammalian species.[1] 8.6% of all evaluated mammalian species are listed as endangered. The IUCN also lists 86 mammalian subspecies as endangered.

Of the subpopulations of mammals evaluated by the IUCN, five species subpopulations have been assessed as endangered.

For a species to be considered endangered by the IUCN it must meet certain quantitative criteria which are designed to classify taxa facing "a very high risk of exintction". An even higher risk is faced by critically endangered species, which meet the quantitative criteria for endangered species. Critically endangered mammals are listed separately. There are 679 mammalian species which are endangered or critically endangered.

Additionally 783 mammalian species (14% of those evaluated) are listed as data deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of data deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of endangered mammalian species and subspecies evaluated by the IUCN. Species and subspecies which have endangered subpopulations (or stocks) are indicated. Where possible common names for taxa are given while links point to the scientific name used by the IUCN.

Odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Primates[edit]

There are 121 species and 56 subspecies of primate assessed as endangered.

Gibbons[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Great apes[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Lemurs[edit]

There are 48 species and one subspecies of lemur assessed as endangered.

Indriids[edit]

Daubentoniidae species[edit]

Sportive lemurs[edit]

Lemurids[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Cheirogaleids[edit]

Tarsiers[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Old World monkeys[edit]

Species

Subspecies

New World monkeys[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Lorisoidea[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Cetartiodactyls[edit]

Cetartiodactyla includes dolphins, whales and even-toed ungulates. There are 40 species, 14 subspecies, and four subpopulations of cetartiodactyl assessed as endangered.

Non-cetacean even-toed ungulates[edit]

There are 33 species and ten subspecies of non-cetacean even-toed ungulate assessed as endangered.

Musk deer species[edit]

Deer species[edit]

Bovids[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Other non-cetacean even-toed ungulates[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Cetaceans[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Subpopulations

Marsupials[edit]

Carnivora[edit]

Species

Subspecies

Afrosoricida[edit]

Includes tenrecs and golden moles.

Eulipotyphla[edit]

There are 43 species in the order Eulipotyphla assessed as endangered.

Shrews[edit]

Other Eulipotyphla species[edit]

Lagomorpha[edit]

Rabbits and relatives

Rodents[edit]

There are 142 species and one subspecies of rodent assessed as endangered.

Hystricomorpha[edit]

("Porcupine-like")

Myomorpha[edit]

There are 103 species in Myomorpha assessed as endangered.

Murids[edit]

Includes mice, rats, gerbils, and relatives.

Cricetids[edit]

Includes true hamsters, voles, lemmings, and New World rats and mice.

Nesomyids[edit]

Spalacids[edit]

Dipodids[edit]

Castorimorpha[edit]

("Beaver-like")

Sciuromorpha[edit]

("Squirrel-like")

Species

Subspecies

Bats[edit]

There are 46 bat species assessed as endangered.

Megabats[edit]

Microbats[edit]

Other mammals[edit]

Species

Subspecies

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.