List of endemic birds of Borneo

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This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the world's various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.

Patterns of endemism[edit]

Borneo has a single endemic family, Pityriaseidae, containing a single species, the Bornean bristlehead.

In addition, there are the following endemic genera (all of which are also monotypic):

Endemic Bird Areas[edit]

Birdlife International has defined the following Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) in Borneo:

Bornean mountains (157)

In addition there are five secondary areas. There are two islands groups (the North-east Bornean islands, s097, and the Natuna islands, (s101)) and three areas on Borneo itself, the Sabah lowlands (s098), the Kalimantan lowlands (s099), and the Bornean coastal zone (s100).

List of species[edit]

Species endemic to Borneo[edit]

The following species are endemic to Borneo, and only found in the Bornean mountains Endemic Bird Area:

The black-browed babbler is endemic to the Kalimantan lowlands secondary area.

The white-fronted falconet is endemic to the Sabah lowlands secondary area.

The Borneo thrush, a subspecies of the island thrush, is endemic to three mountains in northern Borneo.

Other restricted-range species found on Borneo[edit]

The following restricted-range species are found in Borneo only in the Bornean mountains EBA, but are also found in Sumatra:

The Javan white-eye is found in the Bornean Coastal Zone secondary area, and in the Javan coastal zone EBA.

The silvery pigeon is found in the Natuna Islands, and in three other secondary areas off Sumatra.

Grey imperial-pigeon and Mantanani scops-owl are found in the North-east Bornean islands secondary area, and also in other EBAs and secondary areas in Indonesia and the Philippines.