List of eponymous fractures

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Eponymous fractures and fracture-dislocations are most commonly named after the doctor who first described them. They may also be named after an activity with which they are associated.

Letter Fracture Named after Description Mechanism of injury Reference
B Bankart's fracture Arthur Bankart fracture of anterior glenoid associated with anterior shoulder dislocation external rotation and abduction of shoulder Anterior Dislocation of the Shoulder at
B Barton's fracture John Rhea Barton distal radius fracture involving the articular surface with dislocation of the radiocarpal joint fall on outstretched hand Barton's fracture at Who Named It?
B Bennett's fracture Edward Hallaran Bennett intra-articular fracture of base of Thumb metacarpal axial load along metacarpal in a partially flexed thumb Bennett's fracture at Who Named It?
B Bosworth fracture David M. Bosworth fracture of distal fibula with posterior dislocation of the proximal fibula behind the tibia severe external rotation of the foot "Bosworth fracture dislocation". Medcyclopaedia. GE. 
B Boxer's fracture Boxers fracture of neck of little metacarpal punching solid object Boxer's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
B Bumper fracture Car bumper compression fracture of lateral tibial plateau forced valgus of knee when struck from side by car bumper Bumper fracture at
C Chance fracture George Quentin Chance horizontal fracture of vertebral body hyperflexion of spine, seen in car accidents when lap belts were used Chance fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
C Chauffeur's fracture[1] Chauffeurs intra-articular fracture of radial styloid forced ulnar deviation of the wrist causing avulsion of the radial styloid Chauffeur's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
C Chopart's fracture-dislocation François Chopart foot dislocation through talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints with associated fractures, usually after ankle twisting.treated in a non weight bearing cast for 6–8 weeks Chopart's fracture dislocation at Who Named It?
C Clay shoveller's fracture Clay shovellers spinous process fracture of C6, C7 or T1 forced hyperflexion of neck "Clay shovellers fracture". Medcyclopaedia. GE. 
C Colles' fracture Abraham Colles distal radius fracture with dorsal angulation, impaction and radial drift fall on outstretched hand Colles' fracture at Who Named It?
D Duverney fracture Joseph Guichard Duverney isolated fracture of the iliac wing direct trauma "Duverney fracture". Medcyclopaedia. GE. 
E Essex-Lopresti fracture Peter Essex-Lopresti comminuted radial head fracture with interosseous membrane disruption and distal radioulnar joint subluxation fall from height Essex Lopresti fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
G Galeazzi fracture Ricardo Galeazzi radius shaft fracture with dislocation of distal radioulnar joint blow to forearm Galeazzi fracture at eMedicine
G Gosselin fracture Leon Athanese Gosselin V-shaped distal tibia fracture extending into the tibial plafond Gosselin's fracture at
H Hangman's fracture Hangman fracture of both pedicles of C2 distraction and extension of neck Hangman's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
H Hill–Sachs fracture Harold Arthur Hill
Maurice David Sachs
impacted posterior humeral head fracture occurring during anterior shoulder dislocation Hill Sachs Lesion at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
H Holstein–Lewis fracture Arthur Holstein
Gwylim Lewis
fracture of the distal third of the humerus resulting in entrapment of the radial nerve Holstein-Lewis fracture at Orthopedic Weblinks
H Holdsworth fracture Sir Frank Wild Holdsworth unstable spinal fracture-dislocation at the thoracolumbar junction Thoracic Spine Fractures and Dislocations at eMedicine
H Hume fracture A.C. Hume olecranon fracture with anterior dislocation of radial head Ronald McRae, Maxx Esser. Practical Fracture Treatment 5th edition, page 187. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2008. ISBN 978-0-443-06876-8.
J Jefferson fracture Sir Geoffrey Jefferson fracture of first cervical vertebra compression of neck Jefferson fracture at Who Named It?
J Jones fracture Sir Robert Jones fracture of base of 5th metatarsal extending into intermetatarsal joint inversion of ankle Jones fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
L Le Fort fractures René Le Fort series of facial fractures direct trauma to face LeFort I at Who Named It?
LeFort II at Who Named It?
LeFort III at Who Named It?
L Le Fort's fracture of the ankle Léon Clément Le Fort vertical fracture of distal fibula with avulsion of medial malleolus LeFort's fracture of the ankle at Who Named It?
L Lisfranc fracture Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin fracture dislocation of midfoot forced plantar flexion of foot or dropping heavy weight on foot Lisfranc fracture at Who Named It?
M Maisonneuve fracture Jules Germain François Maisonneuve spiral fracture of proximal fibula external rotation of ankle Maisonneuve fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
M Malgaigne's fracture Joseph-François Malgaigne vertical pelvic fracture through both pubic rami and the ilium or sacroiliac joint with vertical displacement high energy impact to pelvis (front to back) Malgaigne's fracture at
M March fracture Marching stress fracture of a metatarsal shaft heavy or unaccustomed exercise Metatarsal Stress Fracture at eMedicine
M Monteggia fracture Giovanni Battista Monteggia proximal ulna fracture with dislocation of radial head blow to forearm Monteggia fracture at Who Named It?
M Moore's fracture Edward Mott Moore distal radius fracture with ulnar dislocation and entrapment of styloid process under annular ligament Moore's fracture at
P Pipkin fracture-dislocation G. Pipkin posterior dislocation of hip with avulsion fracture of fragment of femoral head by the ligamentum teres impact to the knee with the hip flexed (dashboard injury) Type II-V: Posterior Fracture Dislocations at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
P Pott's fracture[2] Percival Pott bimalleolar fracture of the ankle eversion of ankle Pott's fracture at Who Named It?
R Rolando fracture Silvio Rolando intra articular comminuted fracture of base of first metacarpal axial load along the metacarpal causing splitting of the proximal articular surface Rolando's fracture at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online
R Runner's fracture Running stress fracture of distal fibula 3–8 cm above the lateral malleolus repeated axial stress on fibula Google books result Marko Pećina, Ivan Bojanić. Overuse injuries of the Musculoskeletal System, page 331. Informa Health Care, 2004. ISBN 978-0-8493-1428-5.
S Salter–Harris fracture R.B. Salter, W.R. Harris[3] fractures involving a growth plate various Salter–Harris fractures at Medscape
S Segond fracture Paul Segond lateral tibial plateau avulsion fracture with anterior cruciate ligament tear internal rotation of the knee Segond fracture at Who Named It?
S Shepherd's fracture Francis J. Shepherd fracture of the lateral tubercle of the posterior process of the talus Shepherd's fracture at Mondofacto online medical dictionary
S Smith's fracture Robert William Smith distal radius fracture with volar displacement fall on outstretched hand with wrist in flexed position Smith's fracture at Who Named It?
S Stieda fracture Alfred Stieda avulsion fracture of the medial femoral condyle at the origin of the medial collateral ligament Stieda's fracture at
T Tillaux fracture Paul Jules Tillaux Salter–Harris III fracture of the tibia forced lateral rotation of foot Tillaux fracture at Who Named It?
T Toddler's fracture Toddlers undisplaced spiral fracture of distal tibia in children under 8 years old low-energy trauma, often rotational The toddler's fracture revisited at Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics online


  1. ^ also known as Hutchinson's fracture
  2. ^ also known as Dupuytren's fracture
  3. ^ Injuries involving the epiphyseal plate. RB Salter, WR Harris. JBJS (1963) 45: 587–632.