List of equipment of the Hellenic Army
The heavy equipment and weaponry of the Hellenic Army is of mostly foreign manufacture, from German, French, American, British suppliers. A notable exception is the Leonidas armored fighting vehicle which is built in Greece by the Hellenic Vehicle Industry.
Equipment runs the gamut from state-of-the-art to obsolescent Cold War inventories; the latter are gradually being retired as no funds are available for upgrade. Russian made equipment was received or purchased after the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and second hand US and German equipment was transferred or purchased.
Recent Defense spending cuts have had a big impact in operating costs (maintenance, technical support, operational training, transport and supplies). As 80% of the budget is spent on salaries and administrative costs the Greek Army faces the challenge of reorganizing its structure. This may lead to closing down some of the 500 military bases scattered across the country and reducing the size of the Army, transforming the Greek army into a smaller but largely professional force.
Under the Force Structure 2005-2020 plan large-scale changes in the Army will be implemented. Only two categories of units will exist: active and mobilized (reserve). No main weapon systems will be allocated to mobilized units.
- 1 Small Arms and Infantry Support Weapons
- 2 Land Vehicles and Heavy Armament
- 3 Aircraft
- 4 Historical equipment
- 5 References
Small Arms and Infantry Support Weapons
- Greece signed a contract with Heckler and Koch, for 112,270 5.56 mm G36 assault rifles. They would replace the G3 as the Army's service rifle. The rifles would be assembled locally by Hellenic Defence Systems (EAS). However the purchase has been frozen and the soldiers continue to use the current G3 rifle.
Infantry Support Weapons
|Anti-tank Guided Missile Launchers|
|196||9M133 Kornet E||Russia||ATGM|
|366 all incorporated into M-901 ITV's||BGM-71 TOW II||United States||ATGM|
|400||MILAN||France/ West Germany||ATGM, most MILAN I systems have been upgraded to MILAN II|
|262||9M111 Fagot||Soviet Union||ATGM|
|Anti-tank Recoilless Rifles|
|1,291||M40 recoilless rifle||United States||106 mm / mounted on Jeeps|
|135||LRAC 89 mm STRIM||France||89 mm|
|Anti-tank Rocket launchers|
|18,706||RPG-18||Soviet Union||64 mm|
|10,841||M72A2 LAW||United States||66 mm|
|Heavy Mortars - 100 mm and above (CFE treaty caliber limit)|
|120||E56-E 120 mm Mortar||Greece||120 mm
Made by the Greek weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata
|624||M30||United States||107 mm
256 in use on the M106A1/A2 AMC
|Medium and Light Mortars - below 100 mm (CFE treaty caliber limit)|
|690||E44-E 81 mm Mortar||Greece||81 mm
Made by the Greek weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata
|125||Hirtenberger M6C-210||Austria/ Greece||60 mm
Produced by the Greek weapons manufacturer Ellinika Amyntika Systimata under license from Hirtenberger of Austria.
|1,616||M1||United States||81 mm
- The Kornet anti-tank guided weapon system is fitted to 4x4 vehicles. Greece has 196 launchers with 1100+ missiles, in service as of 2008.
- 36 M270 MLRS transferred from United States of America to Greece between 1995 and 2001.
- Greece operates over 3000 M113s and variants, many of these have been transferred from other NATO armies through CFE.
- Netherlands donated almost 170 M-30 107mm mortar due to CFE restrictions.
- 19,793 RPG-18[64-mm] bought from Germany in 1993
Land Vehicles and Heavy Armament
Main Battle Tanks
|CFE treaty limit: 1,735|
|170||Leopard 2A6 HEL||Germany/ Greece||120 mm gun. Delivered between 2006 and 2009. Built in Greece by ELBO under license of Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW).|
|183||Leopard 2A4||Germany||120 mm gun|
|501||Leopard 1A5/GR||Germany||105 mm gun|
|390||M48A5 MOLF (Modular Laser Fire Control System)||United States||105 mm gun|
|101||M60A3 TTS||United States||105 mm gun. Many in reserve or in storage.|
- In 1981 Greece ordered 106 Leopard 1A3 GR MBTs plus 4 armoured recovery vehicles, delivered between 1983 and 1984. Almost 170 Leopard 1Vs were donated by the Netherlands in 1991.
- In 2003 the Greek army ordered 170 new Leopard 2A6 HEL (Hellenic), to be jointly produced by the German Krauss Maffei and the Greek ELVO firms and delivered between 2006 and 2009.
- In 2005 Greece purchased 333 used tanks: 183 Leopard 2A4s and 150 Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks from Bundeswehr reserves. This raised the number of Leopard 1 tanks in Greek service to almost 350, and added Leopard 2A4 tanks to Greece’s inventory. Leopard 2A4 tanks have been equipped with a 105 mm cannon for training purposes (to exploit the existing large stock of 105mm ammunition), allowing quick restoration of the original L44 120 mm cannon. Another 98 Leopard 1A5 tanks were delivered as an offset of the total Leopard 2 HEL procurement package.
- At least 312 M-60A3 were in active service in 2009. M-60 tanks are supposed to be scrapped, sold or retired, as Leopard tanks are replacing them and CFE limit restricts the total number of tanks in service. United States transferred to Greece in 1992-93 358 M60A1 and 312 M60A3 tanks. At least 350 M60 tanks of the Greek Army could be donated to Iraq.
- As of 2004, Greek Army tank drivers are mostly professionals, but conscripts are still trained as tank drivers, as well as in all other tank crew stations.
Armored Combat Vehicles/Carriers and Unarmored Vehicles
|CFE treaty limit: 2,498 |
|Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles (AIFVs)|
|40||BMP-1P Ost||Soviet Union||Bought from Germany, converted to ZU-23 carriers|
|491||Leonidas II||Greece \ Austria||Made by the Greek vehicle manufacturer ELBO including 90 upgraded Leonidas 1|
|1,985||M 113A1/A2||United States||Armored Personnel Carrier|
|3||M125A1 AMC||United States||Armored mortar carrier, based on M113.
Equipped with the M29 (81 mm) mortar.
|Armored Mortar Carriers - 100 mm and above (CFE treaty caliber limit)|
|257||M106A1/A2 AMC||United States||Armored mortar carrier, based on M113.
Most vehicles are equipped with the M30 (107 mm) mortar but 120 will be equipped with the E-56 (120 mm) mortar.
|Armored ATGM Carriers|
|362||M901/M901A1 ITV||United States||Armored BGM-71 TOW carrier, based on M113|
|12||M113 TOW||United States||M113 vehicle mounting a BGM-71 TOW launcher.|
|Armored Command Vehicles|
|249||M577A2||United States||Armored command vehicle, based on M113|
|Armored Wheeled Vehicles|
|695||HMMWV||United States/ Greece||Various Versions - Some ex-US Army surplus. Others are new M1114GR made by ELBO under license.|
|Unarmored Wheeled Vehicle|
|8,300||Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany/ Greece||Made under License by ELBO -Various Versions|
|148||KrAZ-255B||Ukraine||Using as a transport vehicle and also can carry a PMP folding bridge|
|160||Oshkosh||United States||8x8 Truck|
|150||M35 2½ ton cargo truck||United States||A2|
|120||MAN||Germany||6x6, 8x8 Truck|
|850||Steyr||Austria/ Greece||Trucks made under License by ELBO (Type: Steyr 12M18)|
- The first version of the 'Leonidas' was the Austrian Saurer 4K 4FA Armored Personnel Carrier built with minor local modifications, built from 1981 until 1987. The 'Leonidas-2' involved extensive modification of the previous model, with the aim to essentially develop it as an Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV). 503 Leonidas vehicles of both versions delivered to Greece and 197 to Cyprus.
- All M-113 vehicles in the Hellenic Army have been upgraded to or acquired with at least the A1 modifications.
- Germany sold 501 BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles, formerly operated by East Germany.They have been retired due to lack of spare parts
- Greece had the intention to donate some of its 500 BMP-1 to the Iraqi Army. 36 refurbished BMP-1 were delivered in November 2005 and 64 BMP-1s in December 2006.
- The Panhard VBL was acquired after the need for armored reconnaissance vehicles was identified by the Army's involvement in peacekeeping operations.
|CFE treaty limit: 1,920 (calibers > 100 mm) |
|36||M270 MLRS||United States||12x227 mm
152x MGM-140A ATACMS Block 1 are also available.
|104||M110A2||United States||203 mm L40 to be phased out upon completion of the other programs|
|24+1||PzH 2000||Germany||155 mm L52.|
|12||M109A5||United States||155 mm L39|
|223||M109A3GEA2||United States||155 mm L39. 223 M109GEA2 with all the modernized systems including the AURORA system. Note that the AURORA PROGRAM includes many improvements over the M109A3/M109A5/A6 Paladin. It can also be linked to all the other artillery systems including the PzH-2000GR or act autonomously.|
|50||M109A3GEA1||United States||155 mm L39|
|82||M109A2||United States||155 mm L39|
|51||M109A1B||United States||155 mm L39|
|445 in storage||M101||United States||105 mm L22
|18||Mod-56 pack howitzer||Italy||105 mm L14|
|Counter-battery Radar / Observation|
|3||ARTHUR (military)||Norway/ Sweden||Radar-system|
- 150 Second-hand Slovak-made RM-70 Grad multiple rocket launchers purchased in Germany in 1993, after the end of Cold War. 116 have been used in active service since then, the rest used for spares.
- In 2008 talks started with Germany for the transfer of 223 surplus German M109A3GE-A2 howitzers to Greece. The deal was signed on the 17th of February 2010. Once deliveries of the 223 howitzers is completed all towed artillery in the Greek Army will be withdrawn, with the exception of 18 M56 Pack guns.
- The Greek Army has 24 PzH 2000 155mm systems, delivered between July 2003 and June 2004.
Air Defense Systems
|Air Defense - Missile Systems|
|42||MIM-23B Improved HAWK - Phase III PIP||7 batteries x 6 missile launchers each
|54||ASRAD-HELLAS||With 426 FIM-92 Stinger Block 1 missiles.
|476||FIM-92B/C Stinger-POST & Stinger Block 1||MANPADS|
|Air Defense - Gun Systems|
|506||ZU-23-2||2x 23x152 mm (B)|
|285||Mk20 RH-202||2x 20x139 mm|
|Air Defense - Radar|
|3||Casta 2E1||Surveillance radar|
|5||P-19 radar||Surveillance radar|
- In 2000 the Hellenic Army decided to procure 54 vehicle-mounted ASRAD-HELLAS systems. A modular missile system featuring high firepower for day and night operation, each ASRAD-HELLAS weapon system carries four ready-to-fire Stinger missiles and holds an additional four missiles ready for a fast reload. The system is operated by a 2-man team, consisting of the driver, who has the secondary task of air space observer, and the operator of the weapon system.
- The 23 mm ZU-23 lightweight, automatic, towed antiaircraft gun entered the Army arsenal after years of service with the East German army.
- The Artemis 30 was originally developed in 1982, to protect all branches of the Armed Forces from medium and low level attack aircraft.
- With units entering service both from East German and Russian sources, the 9M33 Osa (SA-8) short-range surface-to-air missile system was acquired to maximize the protection offered to Army units. In the mid-1990s Germany sold 13 Osa surface-to-air missile. The Greek government requested its upgrade as the Osa-AKM. The Russians later sold another 16 Osa-AKMs. Greece was so pleased that also ordered 31 Russian-made Tor-M1 (SA-15) short-range surface-to-air missiles under 1999 and 2000 contracts.
- Greece bought the S-300 anti-aircraft and anti-missile system, deciding not to purchase the Patriot PAC-3 anti-ballistic missile interceptor system. The Greek government, realizing that the United States would not allow it to buy the Russian missile system and the Patriot PAC-3, asked Cyprus to buy the S-300. Turkey protested and blocked Cyprus from buying Russia's S-300. Patriots PAC-3 are operated by the Air force, 350th Guided Missile Wing.
- Hellenic Hawk Phase II Upgrade Program brought in 1995 Greek 42 Hawk launchers (7 batteries) to updated version. Ten launchers later updated to more updated version in 1999.
Other Armored Vehicles
|Medical Evacuation Vehicles|
|Armored Vehicle-launched Bridges|
|8||Leopard-1 Leguan||Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on Leopard-1 chassis.|
|10||Leopard-1 Biber||Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on Leopard-1 chassis.|
|12||M60A1 AVLB||Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on M60A1 chassis.|
|22||M48A5 AVLB||Armored Vehicle-launched Bridge based on M48A5 chassis.|
|Armored Recovery Vehicles|
|12||Leopard II BUFALO HEL||Armored Recovery Vehicle based on Leopard-2 chassis.|
|43||Leopard-1 ARV||Armored Recovery Vehicle based on Leopard-1 chassis.|
|95||M88A1||Armored Recovery Vehicle of the Patton tanks family.|
|81||M578||Armored Recovery Vehicle The M578 utilized the same chassis as M107 self-propelled gun and M110 self-propelled howitzer.|
|Armored Demining Vehicles|
|50||Leopard-1V MP||Armored Demining Vehicle based on Leopard-1 chassis. Gun was removed (in order to comply with CFE treaty limits on number of MBTs) and a Full Width Mine Plough (FWMP) from Pearson Engineering was added.|
|Boeing AH-64 Apache||United States||attack helicopter||AH-64A+
|Boeing CH-47 Chinook||United States||transport helicopter||CH-47DG/SD||15+10||Ten (10) ex-US Army CH-47D on order to be delivered in 2016; option for five (5) more to a total of fifteen (15) Chinooks.|
|NHI NH90||Europe||transport helicopter||NH-90 TTH||11+9||Nine (9) remain on order; pending deliveries to be completed by the end of 2016 with the four (4) of them to be in SPEOPS configuration for Special Forces usage.|
|Bell 205|| United States
|utility helicopter||UH-1H Iroquois
|Ex US Army
AB205 built by Agusta
|Bell 206||Italy||utility helicopter||AB 206B-3||14||Built by Agusta|
|Bell 212||Italy||VIP||AB 212 VIP||1||Built by Agusta|
|Cessna 185||United States||utility||U-17A||14||To be decommissioned|
|C-12 Huron||United States||VIP/photo recon aircraft||C-12R||3|
|SAGEM Sperwer||France||reconnaissance UAV||16||Light drones|
|Schweizer 300||United States||training helicopter||300C||17|
- The Army is looking to replace AB-205 and UH-1 helicopters in the immediate future.
- Greece bought ten CH-47Cs for the Army, nine of which were later upgraded by Boeing to the CH-47D standard. In 1999 Greece bought seven New Boeing CH-47D Chinooks. As of November 2008, Greece had 15 CH-47DG/SD Chinooks in use.
- In 1995 20 AH-64A+ were purchased. In 2003 Greece signed a contract for 12 AH-64D Longbow.
- "EBO 9 mm EP7 pistol (Greece), PISTOLS". Jane's Information Group. 2001-04-25. Retrieved 2009-05-22.[dead link]
- Hellenic Defense Systems
- "Personal infantry weapons: old weapons or new hardware in the coming decades? - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Leopard 2 HEL images and info". Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- According to the CFE treaty, the Armored Combat Vehicles category includes Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs), Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicles (AIFVs), and Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles. Heavy Armament Combat Vehicles includes vehicles that were not MBTs, APCs or AIFVs but have an integral gun of at least 75 millimeter (mm) caliber and weight at least 6 tons.
- According to the CFE treaty, the Artillery category includes guns, howitzers, mortars, multiple launch rocket systems, and artillery pieces that combine the characteristics of guns and howitzers.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
- "Ειδήσεις από τις Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις #95". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Η νέα Αεροπορία Στρατού". Retrieved 28 January 2016.