List of equipment of the Royal Moroccan Army

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Modern equipment of the Royal Moroccan Army is a list of equipment currently in service with the Moroccan Army. Sources are the United States Excess Defense Articles (EDA) Database[1] INSS Israel's Middle East Military Balance,[2] World Small Arms Inventory,[3] SIPRI Trade registres[4] and the Military Balance in the Middle East by CSIS,[5] and Army-Guide.

Infantry equipment[edit]

Royal Moroccan Army honor platoon
Moroccan jeeps, armed with anti-tank weapons (UNOSOM II)
Moroccan Soldiers with Olive Drab Battle Uniform and SPECTRA helmet.

Weapons[edit]

M109A5 Howitzer from the Moroccan 15th Royal Artillery Group
M109A5 Howitzer Crews from the Moroccan 15th Royal Artillery Group.
Moroccan M60A1 during a 2006 Army expo
M163 VADS of the Royal Moroccan Army during a 2006 Army Expo
Name Image Caliber Type Origin Notes
Pistols
Beretta 92 Interpolitex 2013 (536-8).jpg 9×19mm Parabellum Semi-automatic pistol  Italy
Browning Hi-Power FN Hi Power.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum Semi-automatic pistol  Belgium
MAB PA-15 MAB PA-15 Rajamuseo.JPG 9×19mm Parabellum Semi-automatic pistol  France Standard service pistol
Submachine guns
Heckler & Koch MP5 MP5.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun  West Germany Used by tank crews.
Shotguns
Mossberg 500 Mossberg 500.png 12 gauge Shotgun  United States
Rifles
Beretta AR70/90 Beretta AR70 noBG.png 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Italy
FN CAL FN CAL close1.JPG 5.56x45 NATO Assault rifle  Belgium
SAR-21 SAR 21 (cropped).png 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Singapore
Misr Egyptian, Jordanian, U.S. Soldiers conduct STX lane at Exercise Bright Star.jpg 7.62×39mm Assault rifle  Egypt
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 PMmd.1963.jpg 7.62x39mm Assault rifle  Romania Standard infantry assault rifle of Royal Moroccan Army.
Type 56 Norinco type 56 noBG.png 7.62×39mm Assault rifle  China
Valmet M76 RK 62 76.jpg 7.62×39mm Assault rifle  Finland
FN FAL FN-FAL belgian.jpeg 7.62×51mm NATO Battle rifle  Belgium Standard battle rifle of Royal Moroccan Army.
Machine guns
Ultimax 100 Cis-ultimax-100.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO General-purpose machine gun  Singapore
FN MAG FN MAG white background.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO General-purpose machine gun  Belgium
PK machine gun PKmachinegun-removebg-preview.png 7.62×54mmR General-purpose machine gun  Soviet Union
Sniper rifles
M14NM M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) (7414626342).jpg 7.62×51mm NATO Sniper rifle  United States
PGM Ultima Ratio Ultima Ratio Commando slovenske vojske.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO Sniper rifle  France
Grenade launchers
Mk 47 Striker 200295103315mk47.jpg 40 mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States

The Royal Moroccan Army employs various individual weapons to provide light firepower at short ranges. The main weapons used by the army are the M16A2 and AK-47 variants (Chinese Type 56, Romanian AIM/AIMS, Egyptian Misr, Finnish Valmet M76, Yugoslav Zastava M70AB2) in the Southern Sector, and the G3A3, FN FAL/FN CAL and M16A1/A2/A4 in the Northern Sector. The AK-74/ AKS-74U, SAR 21, AK-103, Steyr AUG A1/A2/A3, MP5A3, M4 carbine and FN SCAR are used by different units as the Paratroopers, the Royal Guard, Security Forces and others units in the Navy and Air force.

The sidearms in the RMA are the MAB PA-15 for Active service, and Beretta 92 for specialized forces (Paratroopers, SpecForces, Security Forces, etc.)

Many units are supplemented with a variety of specialized weapons, those are the M249, HK11A1, FN Minimi, FALO-50-41, Ultimax 100, PK/PKM, RPD and RPK-74 to provide suppressive fire at the fire-team level. The M14NM and EBR are used by long-range marksmen, and the M82A1, the FR-F2, and the PGM Ultima Ratio are used by snipers. The Army also uses Automatic grenade launchers (AGLs) such as the STK 40 AGL or the Mk 47 Striker[6] both used on VAMTACs LUVs (Light Utility Vehicles) and handled by infantry units.

Other weapons used for training, exercises or parades are :

Crew served weapons[edit]

Coaxial Machine Guns and Automatic cannons:

The army uses different types of mortars for indirect fire support when heavier artillery may not be appropriate or available. The smallest of these are the 60mm M2 and MO 60. At the next higher echelon, the support can come from the 107mm M30 mortar, the 120mm M120 and MO-120-RT, or the 160mm Mortar M1943. A hundred of self-propelled mortars are also in RMA's inventory (See Below)

Anti-tank weapons[edit]

The Royal Moroccan Army employs a variety of anti-tank weapons, ranging from disposable, man-portable rockets to armored tank destroyers equipped with guided missiles.

Portable anti-tank rockets are employed by the infantry. Recoilless rifles are still in use, often mounted on trucks or other military vehicles, but they are being replaced by more effective anti-tank guided missiles. Tank destroyers represent the most mobile and best protected anti-tank weapons in service. Older gun-armed vehicles are being replaced by missile-equipped vehicles. Several of the army's infantry fighting vehicles are likewise equipped with anti-tank missiles, adding to the anti-tank weaponry available in the field.[7]

Anti-tank weapons of the Royal Moroccan Army
System Type Origin Qty Notes
M40A1 Recoilless rifle  United States 350 [citation needed]
B-10  Soviet Union Obsolete
9M14 Malyutka Anti-tank guided missile 50 [citation needed]
9K115-2 Metis-M  Russia [8]
BGM-71 TOW  United States +2000 [citation needed]
M47 Dragon 440 [citation needed]
MILAN  France
 West Germany
80 [citation needed]
HJ-8L  People's Republic of China
Type 69 Anti-tank rocket Bipod launcher[7]
APILAS  France 1000+ [7]
LRAC-89 2000+ [7]
RPG-7V  Soviet Union [9][10]
M20 Super Bazooka  United States Limited use; obsolescent[9]
M72 LAW 500+ [9]
M56 Scorpion Tank destroyer 28 [citation needed]
M901 ITV 80 [citation needed]
SU-100  Soviet Union 8 [citation needed]

Other equipment[edit]

Vehicles[edit]

Utility vehicles[edit]

The RMA's high-mobility multipurpose vehicles serves as cargo/troop carrier, weapons platform, and ambulance, among many other roles. 4000 HMMWV[11] in different versions, 1,200 URO VAMTACs and 800 URO VAM-TL[12] are part of RMAs inventory, which also includes various CUCVs. 378 GM Defense CUCVs (138 M1008, 188 M1009 and 52 M1028) and 278 M151s were received, and an unknown number of Santana Motor's Land Rover Model 88/106, Toyota FJ40, Jeep Auverland and Nissan Patrol ML-6 are also in service. An unknown number of ACMAT ALTV has also been purchased.[13]

Military logistics' missions are the storage, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of materiel, the transport of personnel, the acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities, the acquisition or furnishing of services and Medical and health service support. It is the most important part and considered the base for the main mission of the RMA. Due to its topography and extensive range of action, the transport and resupply of troops posted in the Wall and East Frontier, where aerial transport is impossible or counterproductive, the use of land transport is primordial. The number of active equipment it's unknown, but estimations are possible. The number of medium and heavy trucks, HETs and Palletized Load Systems (PLS) purchased or in service were 250 IVECO M3-21.14 TT, ~3500 M35 and Variants, 387 M54 and variants, ~1,000 M800 series, 195 M816 Wrecker, ~160 M900 series, ~1000 TRM10000/9000 BMH and 600 ACMAT VLRA. An unknown number of Pegaso 3055, Mercedes-Benz Actros and Unimog are also in RMA's inventory. The Heavy Equipment Transport Systems (HETS) received were an unknown number of M746, 6 M747, 23 M1070, 133 M911 HETS and 100 IVECO TRACTOR. Two M1075 & M1076 Palletized load systems were also purchased.

Armoured recovery vehicles (ARV) are used to repair damaged as well as broken-down armoured vehicles during combat, or to tow them out of the danger zone for more extensive repairs. For this mission 86 M578, 10 SK-105 ARV, 4 VT1A ARV and 81 M88 Recovery Vehicles were acquired.

Military engineering vehicles are vehicles built for the construction work or for the transportation of combat engineers on the battlefield. Bulldozers are extensively used, all along with 6 M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle.[14]

Tanks[edit]

Around 1000 tanks are in service: 150 VT-1A, 384 M1A1SA, 148 T-72B and 427 M60A3/A3TTS Patton. M48 Pattons were retired from active service and stored as reserve with the 1991 cease-fire, the SK-105 Kürassiers had the same fate.

Origin Model Type Quantity Notes Image
 United States M1A1SA Main battle tank 386 M1 A1SA[15] 222 M1 Special Armor Configuration.[16] An additional of 164 M1A2S are on order, of which 48 where en route to Morocco beginning of April 2018.[17] As of 2020 386 tanks are in the Moroccan arsenal of this type.[18] Mounted Soldier System (MSS).jpg
M60 Patton 427, 167 M60A3, 260 M60A3TTS

[18]

M60 morocco.jpg
DM-SC-92-03658.jpg
M48

Patton

2000 all stored in reserve
 Russia T-72B/BK 148 136 T-72B and 12 T-72BK[19] 2016-05-03. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 024.jpg
 China  Pakistan VT-1A Al Khalid 150[20] [21][22] 54 received in 2011 96 received later[23] Bangladesh Army MBT2000. (39072813711).jpg
 Austria SK-105 Kürassier 116[24] They are held in reserve 0033FSDF.JPG
 France AMX 10 RC Tank destroyer 108 [25] AMX-10-RC.JPG

Armoured personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and support vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Quantity Notes
Armoured personnel carriers/Infantry fighting vehicles
M113 PA YPR-765.jpg United States Armored

Personnel

Carrier

~1900[26] 1200 M113A1, M113A2, 419 M113A3, 86 M577A2 (CP), 80 M901, 60 M163, 36 M106A2, 91 M1064A3
AIFV 110 19 AIFV-B-.50 + 90 AIFV-B-C25 + 1 AIFV-B-CP
BMP 1/3 TB2015ExhibitionP2-42.jpg
BWP-1 Baltops 2016 0283.jpg
 Russia Infantry fighting vehicle 110 50 BMP 1 + 60 BMP 3
AMX-10P AMX-10P in the Musée des Blindés, France, pic-2.JPG  France 10
Ratel IFV Ratel 90 armyrecognition South-Africa 008.jpg  South Africa 60 30 Ratel 20 + 30 Ratel 90
Eland armoured car Eland 90.png Reconnaissance 60[18] Eland 20/90
VAB VCI/VTT French VAB in Afghanistan.JPG  France Armoured personnel carrier 400[27] 75 VAB VCI+ 320 VAB VTT+ 5 more of unknown type.
AML 60/90 AML-90 DM-SC-91-12078.JPEG Light armored vehicle 175 140 AML-90, 20 AML-90 Lynx and 35 AML-60
Panhard M3 PanhardM3.png Armoured personnel carrier 54[4]
Sherpa Light Sherpa2-openphotonet PICT5973.JPG 24[citation needed] APC version ordered for Moroccan Special Forces
HMMWV Hmmwv-036.jpg United States 4000[28]
URO VAMTAC's Herat2 (cropped).jpg Spain 1200

Artillery[edit]

The Artillery, grouped in GARs, includes self-propelled howitzers, towed howitzers, multiple launch rocket systems and air defense systems, mortar carriers are part of the RIMZ.

The equipment includes: 300+ 155mm M109 SPH in different versions, 60 203mm M110A2 SPH, received as EDA from USA, and 100 155mm Mk F3 remain in service. Only 155mm towed howitzers are deployed all along the Moroccan Wall, that includes 140 155mm (M198, FH-70, M-1950, M114), 18 130mm (M1954) . Besides this 54 105mm (M101 and L118) are deployed in different regions.

2 Battalions of multiple launch rocket are also listed as part of RMAs inventory, the first with 36 122mm BM-21 and the second with 36 300mm AR2.

Surface to surface artillery[edit]

Model Origin Type Quantity Notes Image
Self-propelled howitzer
155mm M109  United States Self-propelled artillery 357 155mm[citation needed]
Moroccan M109A5 howitzer, 2012-03.jpg
203mm M110A2 60 203mm[citation needed]
203mm Self-Propelled Howitzer M110A2.JPG
155 mm CAESAR France ~100 155mm[29]
Towed howitzer
105mm L118  United Kingdom Howitzer 30 [30]
Royal Artillery Firing 105mm Light Guns MOD 45155621.jpg
105mm M101  United States 58 [30]
105mm howitzer in Greenup, KY, US.jpg
155mm M114 123 [30]
USArmy M114 howitzer.jpg
Multiple rocket launcher
BM-21  Soviet Union Multiple launch rocket system 36 122mm[31]
Ukrainian BM-21 Grad Bastion-01 in Kyiv, Ukraine on 22 of August, 2014 IMG 7655 01.JPG
PHL-03/AR/AR2/AR3  China 36 300mm[citation needed]
WS-2D 72 400mm[citation needed]
Mortar carriers
M125A1  United States Mortar carrier 20 With an 81 mm M29 mortar
MTW NDV 2.jpg
M1064 91 With a 120mm M120 mortar
M113 FOB Taji, Iraq April 25, 2009.JPG
AML-60  France 35 With a Brandt Mle CM60A1
AML-60-20Serval crop.PNG

Air defense systems[edit]

After years of negligence of its air defense capabilities Morocco shifted it's air defense strategy, investing heavily in new air defense bases and systems.[32]

Morocco has been slowly building a multi-layered air defense system consisting of HIMAD and SHORAD systems in order to give Moroccan air space maximum protection.[33]

Moroccan air defense system consists of the newly acquired advanced long range Chinese HIMAD systems the FD-2000B with a maximum range of 300 km[34] and Chinese SKY DRAGON 50 with a maximum range of 50 km in addition to American and French systems and even possibly the Israeli Barak-8 air defense system in de near future.[32]

The man-portable air-defense systems used by the infantry are the 9K32 "Strela-2" (SA-7 Grail), 9K38 "Igla" (SA-18 Grouse).

Other systems include AAG as M1939 (61-K), ZU-23-2 or M167 VADS, usually mounted on LUVs and CUCVs.

Model Origin Type Quantity Notes Image
Surface-to-air missiles
FD-2000B  China HIMAD

surface-to-air missile

4[35] Each of the 4 batteries

consists of

48 Missile launching vehicle [36]

Chinese HQ-9 launcher.jpg
MIM-104 Patriot  United States U/N[37] Unknown Quantity on order. The type will be Pac-3 standard.[38]
Patriot System 2.jpg
DK-10|Sky Dragon 50  China 24[38][39]
MIM-23 Hawk XXI  United States 36 [3]
Hawk mobile.jpg
VL MICA France SHORAD

surface-to-air missile

4 batteries on order. Each of the batteries will consist of 3 to 6 launcher units [40][41]
MBDA MICA VL Lanceur terrestre Paris Air Show 2015.JPG
Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons
ZU-23-4  Soviet Union Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon 90
Tunguska M1  Russia 12
2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - 9K22 Tunguska.jpg
MIM-72 Chaparral  United States Short range air defense 72
MIM-72 Chaparral 07.jpg
M163 Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon 115
M163 VADS.JPEG
Anti-aircraft guns
ZU-23-2  Soviet Union Anti-aircraft gun 75
Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg
M163 VADS


 United States 60
JASDF JM167A1 barrels right front view at Tsuiki Air Base November 26, 2017 02.jpg
Type 90  China 6 Part of the AF902 FCS/35 Air Defence System
35 mm Oerlikon.jpg

Radars[edit]

Model Origin Type Quantity Notes
AF902 FC   Switzerland Air radar UN Chinese copy of Skyguard[42]
MSSR Air radar U/N
BOR-A 550 France Ground radar U/N
AN/PPS-5A Ground radar U/N
Stentor battlefield radar Ground radar 20
AN/MPQ-57 United States Air radar 3 [dead link][43]
AN/MPQ-55 United States Air radar 9 [dead link][43]
AN/MPQ-49 United States Air radar U/N
ARSS-1 Ground radar 12 [dead link][44]
Ground Master 403 France Air radar 3 [citation needed]

Electronic Warfare[edit]

Model Origin Type Quantity Notes
KORAL-EW  Turkey Electronic Warfare unknown Morocco signed a deal with

Turkish Aselsan to buy KORAL-EW.[45][46]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Excess Defense Articles (EDA) Database
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ wiw_af_morocco – worldinventory
  4. ^ a b Trade Registers
  5. ^ The Military Balance in the Middle East – February 19, 2004
  6. ^ Morocco, Spain, Portugal, France, Chile, Brazil = MK47 Auto Grenade Launcher [1]
  7. ^ a b c d Tiger, Grey, "Light Antitank Weapons", World Infantry Weapons: Morocco, retrieved 9 December 2016
  8. ^ KBP Metis M/ M1 AT Guided Missile
  9. ^ a b c Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2008–09. Jane's Information Group; 34 edition (2008).
  10. ^ Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (27 January 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  11. ^ http://www.dsca.mil/programs/eda
  12. ^ "España vende a Rabat 1.200 blindados como los usados en Afganistán | España | EL PAÍS".
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ 2005 Excess Defence Articles for Morocco Archived 30 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Morocco's armament raises concern in Spain | The North Africa Post". northafricapost.com. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  16. ^ The Government of the Kingdom of Morocco has requested a possible enhancement and refurbishment of 222 M1A1 Abrams tanks, provided as part of a grant Excess Defense Article(EDA) transfer notified to Congress on 27 April 2011, to the M1A1 Special Armor (SA) configuration "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Morocco to Receive New Shipment of American Abrams Tanks". Morocco World News. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
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  19. ^ "T-72 main battle tank (1972)". Tank Encyclopedia. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  20. ^ "Armor: Chinese Tanks In North Africa". www.strategypage.com. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  21. ^ http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htarm/20100803.aspx
  22. ^ "The acquisition of the US and Chinese tanks will allow Morocco to retire much of its existing tank fleet" Janes Defence Weekly 2012/06/20[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ UN Register of Conventional Arms
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  25. ^ hotrod1. "1977 AMX-10 RC". 3dwarehouse.sketchup.com. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
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  27. ^ "Chars français - 1976 RENAULT VAB VCI". 13 June 2011. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
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  29. ^ "Morocco acquiring new air defence systems". defenceWeb (in en-ZA). 25 May 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  30. ^ a b c "Royal Moroccan Armed Forces". defenceWeb (in en-ZA). 13 January 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  31. ^ "Nexter Caesar self propelled guns for Moroccan army". www.globaldefencemart.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  32. ^ a b Defensa.com (19 December 2021). "Marruecos inaugura su primera base de defensa aérea de largo alcance con una batería china FD-2000B". www.defensa.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  33. ^ "Morocco Opens First Military Base with Chinese Air Defense". The Defense Post. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  34. ^ "China's FD-2000B air defense system will guard Moroccan base". bulgarianmilitary.com. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  35. ^ Defensa.com (19 December 2021). "Marruecos inaugura su primera base de defensa aérea de largo alcance con una batería china FD-2000B". www.defensa.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 December 2021.
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  37. ^ "US Confirms sale of PATRIOT missiles to Morocco | The North Africa Post". northafricapost.com. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  38. ^ a b "| InsideDefense.com". insidedefense.com. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
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  41. ^ "VL MICA | Ground Based Air Defence, MICA SOLUTION". MBDA. Retrieved 24 December 2021.
  42. ^ A AF902 Artillery fire control system and radar, part of a RMA convoy seen in Morocco [2]
  43. ^ a b http://www.dsca.mil/programs/eda/results.asp?CtryName=MOROCCO&FY=2010&IANAME=&TRANSTYPE
  44. ^ http://wikileaks.in.rs/cable/2008/05/08RABAT445.html
  45. ^ GDC (23 June 2021). "Turkish Aselsan Inks $50.7 Million Export Deal With Morocco For Koral-EW". Global Defense Corp. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  46. ^ "Morocco signs $50.7 million deal with Turkey to acquire 'Koral Electronic Warfare System'". Assahifa. Retrieved 18 July 2021.