List of equipment used by separatist forces of the war in Donbass

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This is a list of equipment of the United Armed Forces of Novorossiya currently used in the War in Donbass.

Small Arms[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Makarov PM[1] Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Пистолет Макарова.png 8-round magazine.
Stechkin APS[1] Machine pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Stechkin APS.jpg 20-round magazine.
Tokarev TT-33[1] Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25 mm Tokarev  Soviet Union Tokarev TT33 (6825679152).jpg 8-round magazine. Limited usage.

Bolt-action rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Mosin–Nagant M1891/30[1] Bolt-action rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union Mosin nagant m9130 from cia.jpeg 5-round magazine, some NAF members equip it with a PU scope to become a sniper rifle.[1] Limited usage.

Carbines[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
SKS[1] Semi-automatic carbine 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union SKS carbine.jpg 10-round magazine.
AKS-74U[2] Carbine 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union DPR AKS-74U.png 30-round magazine.

Submachine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PPSh-41[1] Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union Пистолет-пулемет системы Шпагина обр. 1941.jpg 35-round box magazine and 71-round drum magazine. Limited usage in the beginning of the conflict.[1]
PPS-43[1] Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union PPS-43 Soviet 7.62 mm submachine gun.jpg 35-round box magazine. Limited usage in the beginning of the conflict.[1]

Assault rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AKM / AKS[1] Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 30-round magazine.
AKMS[1] Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union AKMS - 7,62x39mm - Armémuseum.jpg 30-round magazine.
AK-74[1] Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union DPR AK-74.png 30-round magazine.
AKS-74[1] Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union AKS-74.jpg 30-round magazine.
AK-74M Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Russia DPR AK-74M.png 30-round magazine.
AS Val Assault rifle 9×39mm  Soviet Union AS Val (541-03).jpg It is produced in Russia and is not known to be in the inventory of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.
Filmed as carried by rebels in Luhansk in January 2015.[3]

Sniper rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Dragunov SVD[1] Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SVD Dragunov.jpg 10-round magazine.
VSS Vintorez[1] Sniper rifle 9x39mm  Soviet Union Vss vintorez 01.jpeg 10, 20 round magazine.
Orsis T-5000[citation needed] Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum  Russia ORSIS T-5000.jpg 10-round magazine.

Anti-materiel rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PTRD[1] Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union DPR PTRD.png Single-shot reloadable rifle.
PTRS-41[1] Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union PTRS 41.jpg 5-round magazine.
KSVK / ASVK[1] Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm  Russia KSVK1.jpg Introduced for service with Russian forces in 2013. Any exports on this rifle is unknown. The weapon is not in the inventories of Ukrainian government forces, and has not otherwise been documented in the hands of a non-state armed group.[1]

Machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
RPD[1] Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 7,62 mm RPD light machine gun.JPG 100-round drum magazine.
RPK[1] Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Machine Gun RPK.jpg 40-round capacity box magazine or 75-round drum magazine.
RPK-74[1] / RPK-74M[4] Light machine gun 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union
 Russia
DPR RPK-74.png 30 or 45-round magazine.
PK / PKM[1] General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union PKM machine gun in storage.jpeg Belt fed with 100, 200 or 250-round boxes. In Ukraine, the PKM is produced under the name KM-7.62.
PKP "Pecheneg"[1] General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Russia PKP Pecheneg Conscript day in Moscow 2011.jpg PKP is not known to be in service with Ukrainian forces, and has only been exported outside of Russia in limited quantities.[1]
DShK[1] Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Doushka desert.jpg Belt fed with 50-round boxes. Pushilin confirmed elimination of at least two DShK.[5]
KPV / KPVT[1] Heavy machine gun 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union Iraqi Police gun-carriage.jpg Belt fed with 40 or 50-round boxes.
NSV / NSVT[1] Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union DPR NSV.png Belt fed with 50-round boxes. In Ukraine, the NSV is produced under the name KM-12.7 or KT-12.7.

Explosives/armor-piercing weapons[edit]

Grenades and grenade launchers[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
RG-41[1] Fragmentation grenade 55mm  Soviet Union
RG-41.png
5 meter kill radius. Limited usage.
F-1 Fragmentation grenade 55mm  Soviet Union F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg Reported to be bombarded on government forces using multirotor UAVs by pro-Russian separatists.[6]
RGD-5[1] Fragmentation grenade 58mm  Soviet Union Grenade RGD-5 Navy.jpg Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.
RGN[1] Fragmentation grenade 60mm  Soviet Union RGN offensive hand grenade Navy.jpg 4-10 meter kill radius, 3.2-4.2 second fuse.
GP-25[1] Under-barrel grenade launcher 40mm  Soviet Union DPR GP-25 grenade launcher.png Can be fitted to AK type rifles.
AGS-17[1][7] Automatic grenade launcher 30mm  Soviet Union Vikings Battalion AGS-17.png Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire.

Mines[edit]

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
MON-50[8] Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Soviet Union Non armed mon50 anti-personnel clustermine.jpg Propels ~485/540 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 50 meters.
MON-90[8] Anti-personnel mine Tripwire/Command  Soviet Union Propels ~2000 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 90 meters.
OZM-72[8] Anti-personnel bounding mine Tripwire/Command  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (181-28).jpg ~500g TNT, propels ~2400 steel projectiles.
MON-100[8] Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union MON-100 2 (ORDATA).jpg Propels ~400 steel projectiles to a kill radius of 100 meters.
TM-62M[1] Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-19).jpg 7.5 kg TNT.

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
RPG-7[1] Rocket-propelled grenade Warhead diameter varies  Soviet Union DPR RPG-7.png Reloadable launcher.
RPG-18[1] Rocket-propelled grenade 64mm  Soviet Union RPG-18-cutaway.JPG Some of these launchers captured from the separatists were evidently brought from Russia.[1]
RPG-22[1] Rocket-propelled grenade 72.5mm  Soviet Union RPG-22 rocket launcher.jpg Single-shot disposable launcher.
RPG-26[1] Rocket-propelled grenade 72.5mm  Soviet Union Grenade launchers RPG-26.jpg Single-shot disposable launcher.
SPG-9[1] Recoilless rifle 73mm  Soviet Union DPR SPG-9.png Single-shot reloadable launcher.
9K111 Fagot[1] Anti-tank missile 120mm  Soviet Union A Russia-backed rebel guards his position near the division line with Ukrainian army with anti-tank missile-near Dokuchaevsk, eastern Ukraine, Friday, June 5, 2015.jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9K115 Metis[1] Anti-tank missile 94mm  Soviet Union POLK 9K115 Metis.jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9K114 Shturm[1] Anti-tank missile 130mm  Soviet Union BMPT at Engineering Technologies 2012 (10).jpg Wire-guided anti-tank missile system.
9M133 Kornet[1] Anti-tank missile 152mm  Russia 9M133 Kornet.JPG The system components were found discarded on a battlefield near Starobesheve.
It has not been exported to Ukraine.[1][9]

Flamethrowers[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
RPO-A Shmel[1] Rocket-propelled flamethrower 93mm  Soviet Union DPR RPO-A.png Some of the launchers captured from the separatists were evidently produced in Russia in 2000s.[1]
MRO-A[10] Rocket-propelled flamethrower 72.5mm  Russia Tactical exercises of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Protection Troops units at Shikhani training ground (410-38).jpg It is not known to have been exported outside of Russia.[1]

Vehicles[edit]

The ongoing war makes the list below include tentative estimates.

Tanks[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-64/A/B/BV/BM Main battle tank 46+[11]  Soviet Union 2016-05-03. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 005.jpg Around 46 captured from Ukrainian forces according to the DPR and Russia.[11][unreliable source?][12] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[13][14]
T-72 variants
T-72B[1] / T-72B1 Main battle tank 34+  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 066.jpg Three T-72B1 were seen in a rebel convoy in Sverdlovsk, claimed to be supplied by Russia.[15]
It is not believed to be in active service in Ukraine, making it almost impossible that the separatists captured these in battle.[16][unreliable source?] Six seen in the 2015 Donetsk Victory Day Parade.[17] More than 34 were reportedly supplied from Russia.[18][unreliable source?]
T-72BM (or T-72B Model 1989[1]) / T-72BA Main battle tank 2+  Russia T-72B M1989.jpg Both have Kontakt-5 armour. T-72BA is a Russian variant with a wind detector on its turret.[19] T-72BM is not known to have been exported from Russia to any other country.[13][15]
One seen in a rebel convoy in Sverdlovsk.[15] Two were destroyed in Starobesheve (one T-72BA[20] and one either T-72BM or another T-72BA[4][9][20][21]).
T-72B3[1][22] Main battle tank 3+[20]  Russia T-72B3 - TankBiathlon2013-09.jpg The latest T-72 model in Russian service. It was introduced in 2013, and is not known to have been exported. One destroyed near Ilovaisk.[1] At least three were destroyed in Ukraine.[20][unreliable source?]

Infantry Fighting Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BMP-1 / BMP-1P / BMP-1KSh[1] Infantry fighting vehicle 27+  Soviet Union 2018-05-09. День Победы в Донецке 027.jpg Around 27 captured from Ukrainian forces during the Battle of Debaltseve.[23][unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[24][unreliable source?]
BMP-2[1] / BMP-2K / BMP-2D Infantry fighting vehicle 108+  Soviet Union 2016-05-07. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 013.jpg Around 108 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[24][unreliable source?]
BMD-1[1] Airborne infantry fighting vehicle 1  Soviet Union BMD-1, National Museum of the Great Patriotic War.jpg One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade.
BMD-2[1] Airborne infantry fighting vehicle 3  Soviet Union DPR BMD-2.png One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade in April 2014 in Sloviansk. Two captured from Ukrainian Airmobile forces and two lost to them in July–September 2014.[11]

Armored Personnel Carriers[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BTR-60PB[1] / BTR-60R-145BM[23] Armored personnel carrier 4  Soviet Union BTR-60PB DA-ST-89-06597.jpg Four captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
BTR-70[1] Armored personnel carrier 14  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 086.jpg 14 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
BTR-80[1] Armored personnel carrier 30  Soviet Union 2016-05-07. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 014.jpg 30 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
MT-LB[1] Armored personnel carrier 32  Soviet Union DPR MT-LB.png 32 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?] Some were reportedly supplied from Russia.[25][unreliable source?]
MT-LBu Armored personnel carrier 3  Soviet Union MT-LBu in Technical museum Togliatti-0504.jpg 3 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
MT-LBVM[1] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Russia[1] At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.[4]
MT-LBVMK[1] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Russia[1] MT-LBVMK (1).jpg At least one destroyed in Ukraine in September 2014.[4]
MT-LB 6MA[1] Armored personnel carrier 1+  Russia[1] At least one destroyed near Ilovaisk.[4]
BTR-7 (BTR-70DI) Armored personnel carrier 1  Ukraine BTR-70DI-02, Kyiv 2018, 02.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces near Ridkodub, Shakhtarsk Raion.[26][unreliable source?]
BTR-4K/E[1] Armored personnel carrier 3  Ukraine BTR-4E in Kyiv.jpg Three captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?] One BTR-4K captured by the Vostok Battalion from the National Guard of Ukraine.[27][unreliable source?]
BTR-82AM[1] Armored personnel carrier[1] 1+  Russia BTR-82A It was only adopted in Russia in early 2013. It is not known to have been exported to any other country.[1][4]

Seen on videos filmed by the separatists.[4][28] Also seen destroyed in Novosvitlivka.[29][unreliable source?]

Armored scout vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BRDM-2 / BRDM-2RKhB[1] Amphibious armored scout car 19  Soviet Union PL MWP Brdm2.JPG 19 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
9P148 ATGM launcher vehicle 4  Soviet Union 9P148 vehicle with 9M111, 9M111M, 9M113 missiles of anti-tank complex «Konkurs» in Military-historical Museum of Artillery, Engineer and Signal Corps in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.jpg 4 captured from Ukrainian forces near Debaltseve.[11][unreliable source?]
BRM-1K[1] Combat reconnaissance vehicle 15  Soviet Union BRM-1K top.jpg 15 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
PRP-4 Artillery reconnaissance vehicle 2  Soviet Union Army2016-510.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]

Armored recovery vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BREM-1[1] Armored recovery vehicle 2  Soviet Union 2016-05-07. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 025.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[23][unreliable source?]
IMR-2[1] Armored recovery vehicle 2  Soviet Union RIAN archive 734015 Wildfires in Moscow Region's Lukhovitsky district.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
VT-72B Armored recovery vehicle 1  Czechoslovakia Milovice, vyprošťovací tank.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
BTS-4[1] Armored recovery vehicle 1  Ukraine RKhM "Kashalot", BTR-70, BRDM-2 and BTS-4, Chernobyl 2.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces in the Debaltseve cauldron on 21 February 2015.[30][unreliable source?]

Military Engineering Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BAT-M[11] Military Engineering Vehicle 1  Soviet Union Counter Obstacle Vehicle BAT-M on permanent display in the courtyard of Military-historical Museum of Artillery, Engineer and Signal Corps in Saint-Petersburg, Russia.jpg Captured near Debaltseve.
BAT-2[11] Combat Engineering Vehicle 3  Soviet Union БАТ-2 - Подготовка команд Китая, Казахстана и Белорусии к Международному конкурсу Безопасный маршрут 01.jpg Three captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]

Minelayers[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
GMZ-3[4] Minelayer 1  Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (5-41).jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces near Dzerkalne, Amvrosiivka Raion on 5 September 2014.[31][unreliable source?]

Trenchers[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
MDK-3[4] Trencher 1  Soviet Union One captured from Ukrainian forces.[4]

Logistics and utility vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
UAZ-469 Light Utility Vehicle 2+  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 015.jpg Two seen north of Sloviansk.[32][unreliable source?]
Humvee High-mobility multipurpose vehicle 1+  United States Captured Humvee, Ukraine, 14,11,2014.jpg Captured in Debaltsevo after being abandoned by Ukrainian forces.[33][34][unreliable source?]
GAZ Vodnik Infantry Mobility Vehicle 1+  Russia Vodnik ky.jpg Seen in Krasnodon.[35][36][unreliable source?]
Spartan Light Armored Vehicle 1  Ukraine KRAZ Spartan 2014 IMG 7628 01.JPG One captured from the Azov Battalion.[23][unreliable source?]
BPM-97[22] / Dozor / Dozor-N / Vystrel Light Armored Vehicle 10+  Russia KAMAZ-43269 Vystrel Bronnitsy024.jpg Four seen in the late December LPR military exercises.[37][unreliable source?]
10 vehicles seen in Krasnodon,[35][unreliable source?] several seen in Luhansk.[38][39][unreliable source?]
Ural-4320 Medium cargo truck N/A  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 107.jpg
KamAZ-4310 Medium cargo truck 80+[40]  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 116.jpg
KamAZ-65117 Medium cargo truck N/A  Russia 2014-05-09. День Победы в Донецке 340.jpg
PTS-2[1] Amphibious transporter 21  Soviet Union PTS-2 - RaceofHeroes-part2-35.jpg About 25 were restored from a Lugansk military warehouse.[41][unreliable source?] Four captured by Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]

Artillery[edit]

Mortars[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
82-BM-37[1] 82mm Infantry mortar N/A  Soviet Union Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg At least two were captured from pro-Russian rebels.[42][unreliable source?]
120-PM-43 mortar[1] 120-mm infantry mortar N/A  Soviet Union DPR PM-38.png
2S12 Sani[42] 120mm heavy mortar N/A  Soviet Union 2S12 Sani (heavy mortar system).jpg At least two were captured from pro-Russian rebels.[42][unreliable source?]
2B14 Podnos[7] 82mm Infantry mortar N/A  Soviet Union 2B14 Podnos at "Engineering Technologies 2010" forum.jpg Captured from Ukrainian forces.
2B9 Vasilek[43] 82mm automatic mortar N/A  Soviet Union 2B9 Vasilek mortar-4058.JPG 4-mortar shell cassette.
RM-38 50mm Infantry mortar 1  Soviet Union 50mm Company Mortar M1938 (RM-38).jpg Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.[44]

Field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
D-20 152mm Howitzer 2  Soviet Union Howitzer D-20.jpg Two captured from Ukrainian forces.[45][unreliable source?]
D-30[1] 122mm Howitzer 35+[46][47]  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 266.jpg Alleged to have crossed from Russia to Ukraine.
MT-12 "Rapira"[1] 100mm Anti-tank gun 21+  Soviet Union 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (2).jpg 21 captured from Ukrainian forces.[45][unreliable source?]
2B16 Nona-K[1] 120mm Anti-tank gun 3+[48]  Soviet Union 2B16 gun-howitzer-mortar 3.jpg At least three documented in use by the separatists.[48][unreliable source?] Ukraine reportedly had only two of these before the war.[49]
2A65 "Msta-B"[1] 152mm Howitzer 19+  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 270.jpg 19 captured from Ukrainian forces.[45][unreliable source?]
BS-3[1] 100mm Anti-tank gun 1  Soviet Union BS-3-batey-haosef-1.jpg Used by the LPR militia, one taken from a warehouse with World War 2 weaponry.[44][45][unreliable source?]

Self-propelled field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
2S1 Gvozdika[1] 122mm Self-propelled howitzer 11  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 088.jpg 11 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
2S3 Akatsiya[1] 152.4mm Self-propelled artillery 9  Soviet Union 2S3 Akatsiya.jpg 9 captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
2S5 Giatsint-S[1] 152mm Self-propelled field gun 1  Soviet Union 2S5 Giatsint-S.jpg One captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
2S7 Pion 203 mm Self-propelled artillery 2+  Soviet Union 2s7 pion.jpg Two seen in Makeevka.[50]
2S9 Nona-S[1] 120mm Self-propelled mortar 2  Soviet Union 2S9 Nona-S.png One captured from the 25th Airborne Brigade. One captured by Ukrainian forces on 5 July 2014.[11][unreliable source?]
2S19 Msta-S[1] 152mm Self-propelled howitzer 3+  Soviet Union 2S19 Msta-S of the Ukrainian Army.jpg Two reportedly captured from Ukrainian forces.[11][unreliable source?]
One more is suspected to come from Russia.[39][unreliable source?]
2S4 Tyulpan 240mm Self-propelled mortar 1+  Soviet Union 2S4 Tyulpan in deployed position One mortar was observed by OSCE in 2015.[51]

Rocket artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BM-21 "Grad" (9K51)[1][52] 122mm Multiple rocket launcher 18+  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 102.jpg 18 claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces after battles near the border with Russia.[53][unreliable source?]
Grad-K[22] ("Grad" on KamAZ-5350 chassis) 122mm Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Russia 2B26 Grad.jpg The 2B26 machine is a Russian modification of the original BM-21 launcher. It was first produced in 2011.[54][unreliable source?] It is seen on a video with separatists firing Grads in January 2015.[22][55][unreliable source?]
Grad-P 122mm Light portable rocket system N/A  Soviet Union Grad-P-batey-haosef-1.jpg Several seen in Luhansk region areas.[56][unreliable source?]
TOS-1 Buratino 220mm Multiple rocket launcher 1+  Soviet Union Tactical exercises of Radiological, Chemical and Biological Protection Troops units at Shikhani training ground (410-23).jpg Spotted by the OSCE south-west of Luhansk in September 2015. The equipment is produced in Russia and was not exported to Ukraine before the conflict.
Previously Ukraine's military claimed the Buratino had been used against government troops from the rebel-held territories.[57]
BM-27 Uragan 220mm Multiple rocket launcher 2+  Soviet Union 9P140 Uragan.jpg Two seen in Khartsyzk in February 2015.[58]
BM-30 Smerch 300mm Multiple rocket launcher 2+  Soviet Union RSZO Smertch.jpg At least two seen in Makiivka in February 2015.[59][60][unreliable source?]

Air Defences[edit]

Towed anti-aircraft gun[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZPU[1] 14.5mm Anti-aircraft gun N/A  Soviet Union ZPU-4 in Saint Petersburg.jpg
ZU-23-2[1] 23mm Anti-aircraft gun N/A  Soviet Union 2016-05-07. Репетиция парада к Дню Победы в Донецке 007.jpg Some are mounted on trucks. Two seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy attached to MT-LBs.[15]

Air Defence Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
9K33 Osa[1] 6x6 amphibious SAM system 1  Soviet Union Bulgarian SA-8.jpg One claimed to be captured from Ukrainian forces in the "southern cauldron".[1][53][unreliable source?]
9K35 Strela-10[1][52] Short range SAM 2+  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 098.jpg One from the Vostok Battalion was seen near the Donetsk Airport in July 2014 nicknamed "Лягушонок" (frogling).[1][61][unreliable source?] One seen in a Sverdlovsk convoy.[15]
9K37 Buk[52] Medium range SAM 1  Soviet Union Buk-M1-2 9A310M1-2.jpg One seen in Snizhne.[62][63]
Claimed to be associated with the downing of flight MH17.[1][62][64]
Pantsir-S1 Medium range SAM 1+  Russia Bronnitsy - 01 - Pantsir-S1 SAM.jpg It is not known to have been exported to Ukraine.

Seen in Luhansk and Makiivka in early 2015.[22][65][66][67][unreliable source?] Its used rocket components were also reported to be observed in Ukraine in November 2014.[1]

MANPADS[edit]

Name Type Max. altitude Origin Photo Notes
9K32 Strela-2[1] Man portable air defence system 1500m  Soviet Union SA-7.jpg Some Ukrainian stocks of Strela-2s went missing early in the conflict, and are presumably under NAF control.[1]
PPZR Grom[1] Man portable air defence system 3500m  Poland PZR-Grom-02.jpg This Polish weapon was reportedly captured from pro-Russian separatists. It was fitted with a Russian-made 9P516 gripstock, designed for the 9K38 Igla. Russian forces are known to have captured some of these from Georgia.[1]
9K38 Igla[1] Man portable air defence system 3500m  Soviet Union SA-18 misil y lanzador.jpg Supplied by Russia (Ukrainian claim).[1][68][69] Captured from Ukrainian armouries (DPR claim).[70] The system has identification friend or foe system which undermines DPR claims.[71][unreliable source?]

Electronic warfare[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
R-330Zh Zhitel Anti-cellular and satellite communications jamming station 1+  Russia R-330Zh Zhitel jammer.jpg One station spotted by a UAV of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission near Michurine in August 2015 and 11 km south of Donetsk city in June 2016.[72][73]
RB-341V Leer-3 Anti-GSM reconnaissance and jamming station, with Orlan-10 drones 1+  Russia TB2015ExhibitionP2-48.jpg Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on July 28, 2018.[74]
1L269 Krasukha-2 Anti-air jamming station 1+  Russia 1L269 Krasukha-2.jpg Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on July 28, 2018.[74]
RB-109A Bylina Brigade-level electronic warfare automated control system 1+  Russia Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on July 28, 2018.[74]
Repellent-1 Anti-drone electronic warfare system 1+  Russia Spotted by the OSCE SMM near Chornukhyne, 64 km SW of Luhansk on July 28, 2018.[74]

Aircraft[edit]

Combat jets[edit]

The DPR and LPR forces actively have a small Air Force with at least one Aero L-29 Delfín restored from Luhansk Aviation Museum and a captured Sukhoi Su-25.[75][76][unreliable source?]

On 7 July 2014, LPR Defence Minister Igor Plotnitsky announced to ITAR-TASS that a Ukrainian Su-25 made an emergency landing after being shot at, and was captured by the LPR forces.[77][78] By 19 January 2015, the captured Su-25 was seen being under renovation and repainted with Novorossiya flag markings.[79] On 2 February 2015, the restored LPR Su-25 allegedly conducted a sortie on a Ukrainian Army convoy near Debaltseve. The LPR militia spokesman, Gleb Bazov, stated that the attack resulted in 4 armoured vehicles being destroyed, along with 2 Kamaz transports with infantry.[80]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Aero L-29 Delfín Military trainer aircraft / Light attack aircraft 1+  Czechoslovakia 2018-05-09. День Победы в Донецке 053.jpg Several have been restored from the Luhansk Aviation Museum. On 19 January 2015, a LPR militia video showed a Georgian volunteer test driving a supposed operational L-29 (armed with two bombs) on a runway.[79]
Sukhoi Su-25 Military strike aircraft 1  Soviet Union Sukhoi Su-25 BAF.jpg The LPR forces captured one former Ukrainian Su-25, and briefly used it to attack a Ukrainian Army convoy on the ground.[80]

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Orlan-10[1] Unmanned aerial vehicle 6+  Russia UAV Orlan-10.JPG Four shot down by Ukrainian forces in 2014[1][81][82][unreliable source?] and one in 2016.
Another one crashed on Ukrainian territory in 2017.[83][unreliable source?]
Forpost Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Israel
 Russia
Forpost UAV InnovationDay2013part2-03.jpg One shot down by Ukrainian forces.[84][unreliable source?][85]
Consumer-grade UAV Quadcopter N/A DJI Phantom 2 Vision+ V3.jpg One used by the rebels during the Second Battle of Donetsk Airport.[1]
Tu-143 "Reys"[1] Reconnaissance UAV 1  Soviet Union Tu-143 Reis.jpg One downed from Ukrainian forces.[1]

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