List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Ground Forces
During the Vietnam War (1965–1975) and the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1977–1989), Vietnam People's Ground Forces relied almost entirely on the weapons and equipment systems derived from the Soviet Union. Since the Soviet collapse in 1991, the period of low cost military equipment for Vietnam ended and Vietnam began the use of hard currency and barter to buy weapons and equipment.
Vietnam prioritises economic development and growth while maintaining defence spending in a trickle. Vietnam does not conduct the procurement phase or major upgrade of weapons. From the end of the 1990s the Government of Vietnam has announced the acquisition of a number of strategic systems equipped with modern weapons. Accordingly, Vietnam has been slow to develop naval and air forces to control shallow waters and exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Currently most defence procurement programs are primarily made to remedy this priority. For example, Vietnam has purchased a number of combat aircraft and warships that have the ability to combat in high seas. Vietnam also plans to develop the defence industry, with priority for the Navy, combined with its former communist allies and India.
Since 2015, Vietnam has start to exploring American and European weapons although facing numerous political, historical and financial barriers, as they cannot continue to relied with Soviet and Chinese weapons especially due to continuous China's aggression in the South China Sea dispute.
|T-62||Main battle tank||USSR||200|
|T-54/55||Main battle tank||USSR||unknown|
|Type-59||Main battle tank||China||unknown|
|Type 62||Light tank||China||unknown|
|Type-63||Amphibious light tank||China||120|
|M113||Tracked armoured personnel carrier||USA||200|
|Type 63||Tracked armoured personnel carrier||China||100|
|BMP-1||Infantry fighting vehicle||USSR||150|
|BMP-2||Infantry fighting vehicle||USSR||150|
|BTR-152||Wheeled armoured personnel carrier||USSR||400|
|BTR-60 (8x8)||Wheeled armoured personnel carrier||USSR||500|
|V-150 (4x4)||Wheeled armoured personnel carrier||USA||200|
|SS-1 Scud B/C/D||Tactical ballistic missile||USSR||24 launchers|
|BM-14||140mm multiple rocket launcher||USSR||unknown|
|BM-21||122mm multiple rocket launcher||USSR||unknown|
|2S3 Akatsiya||152mm self-propelled artillery||USSR||30|
|2S1 Gvozdika||122mm self-propelled artillery||USSR||unknown|
|ASU-85||85mm self-propelled artillery||USSR||unknown|
|M101||105mm towed artillery||USA||unknown|
|M1955 (D-20) towed gun-howitzer||152mm towed artillery||USSR||unknown|
|M1954 (M-46) towed field gun||130mm towed artillery||USSR||unknown|
|2A18 (D-30) towed howitzer||122mm towed artillery||USSR||unknown|
|TT-33||Semi-automatic pistol||7.62×25mm Tokarev||USSR||Standard issue service pistol.|
|PM||Semi-automatic pistol||9×18mm Makarov||USSR||Limited use.|
|FB PM-63||Submachine gun||9×18mm Makarov||Poland||Used by special forces and guard police.|
|MicroUzi||Submachine gun||9×19mm Parabellum||Israel||Used by special forces|
|AKM||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm M43||USSR||Standard issue service rifle. Manufactured locally.|
|Galil ACE||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm M43||Israel||Manufactured locally.|
|IWI Tavor TAR-21||Assault rifle||5.56×45mm NATO||Israel||Used by Marines.|
|vz. 58||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Czechoslovakia||Limited use.|
|FN FNC||Assault rifle||5.56×45mm NATO||Belgium||Limited use in special forces and Military Marksman Demonstration Team.|
|CAR-15 XM177E2||Carbine||5.56×45mm NATO||USA||Used by special forces.|
|SKS-45||Carbine||7.62×39mm M43||USSR||Used by honour guards and militia forces.|
|Dragunov SVD||Sniper rifle||7.62×54mmR||USSR||Standard issue sniper rifle.|
|RPK||Light machine gun||7.62×39mm M43||USSR||Standard issue machine gun. Manufactured locally.|
|PKM||General-purpose machine gun||7.62×54mmR||USSR||Standard issue machine gun. Manufactured locally.|
|NSV||Heavy machine gun||12.7×108mm||USSR||Standard issue machine gun. Manufactured locally.|
|RPD||Light machine gun||7.62×39mm||USSR||Standard issue machine gun. Manufactured locally.|
|Minimi Mk3||Light machine gun||5.56×45mm NATO||Belgium||Limited use in special forces and Military Marksman Demonstration Team.|
|M240B||General-purpose machine gun||7.62×51mm NATO||USA||Limited use by Military Marksman Demonstration Team.|
|M203||Grenade launcher||40mm grenade||USA||Manufactured locally.|
|M79||Grenade launcher||40mm grenade||USA||Standard issue. Manufactured locally.|
|MGL Mk-1||Grenade launcher||40mm grenade||South Africa||Used by special forces. Manufactured locally. |
|AGS-17||Grenade launcher||30mm grenade||USSR||Standard issue. Manufactured locally.|
|Portable anti-materiel weapons|
|B-10||Anti-tank recoilless rifle||82mm HEAT||USSR||Manufactured locally.|
|ĐKZ-1||Anti-tank recoilless rifle||73mm HEAT||USSR||Manufactured locally.|
|M72 LAW||Anti-tank weapon||66mm HEAT||USA|
|9M113 Konkurs||Guided anti-tank missile||135mm HEAT||USSR|
|9M14 Malyutka||Guided anti-tank missile||125mm HEAT||USSR|
|9K111 Fagot||Guided anti-tank missile||75mm HEAT||USSR|
|MATADOR||Anti-armour||90mm anti-armour||Israel||Used by Marines.|
|RPG-29||Rocket-propelled grenade||105mm HEAT||USSR||Manufactured locally.|
|RPG-7||Rocket-propelled grenade||40mm HEAT||USSR||Manufactured locally.|
In 2006, Israel reported to the United Nations Register Organisation of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) that two of its light armoured vehicles had been sold to Vietnam. A number of Israeli companies won a bid to modernise and upgrade T-54/55 tanks as well establishing factories in the country. Israel's program includes upgrading armour, night vision system and a fire control system upgrade (produced in Poland). On May 2002, Vietnam and Ukraine reached an agreement of military technical co-operation which extended to 2005. Accordingly, Ukraine will support Vietnam primarily to upgrade armour and artillery, weapons co-production and repair. In February 2005, the Ministry of Defence of Finland ceded to Vietnam about 70 tanks T-54 and T-55 from the Soviet era. In early March 2005, Poland signed a contract to sell to Vietnam 150 T-72 tanks which would've been used to support training, ammunition, equipment maintenance and repair but this contract was cancelled in 2006 because Vietnam wanted to investment more on its Navy and Air Force. In addition to upgrading tanks, the Ministry of Defence of Vietnam signed a military co-operation agreement with Russia. The Vietnamese have also developed the capacity to produce their own equipment and repaired existing equipment.
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