List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Navy
Since the Vietnam War, most of Vietnamese vessels were supplied by the Soviet Union and presently by Russia, while hundreds more were integrated into the navy after it was left over from South Vietnam although many have been decommissioned due to lack of parts. However, due to rising tensions in the South China Sea, many nearby nations such as Japan have shown support in developing Vietnam's Navy and Coast Guard.
The Vietnam People's Navy is the branch of the Vietnam People's Army with the fastest modernisation as the Vietnamese government put it as a main priority, with constant improvement to its weapons, munitions and combat capability.
|Kilo||Submarine||Hà Nội (HQ-182)
Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (HQ-183)
Hải Phòng (HQ-184)
Khánh Hoà (HQ-185)
Đà Nẵng (HQ-186)
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu (HQ-187)
|Russia||6||Equipped with Kalibr / Club-S missiles.|
|Gepard 3.9||Frigate||Đinh Tiên Hoàng (HQ-011)
Lý Thái Tổ (HQ-012)
Trần Hưng Đạo (HQ-015)
Quang Trung (HQ-016)
|Russia||4||HQ-015 and HQ-016 are equipped with anti-submarine capability while HQ-011 and HQ-012 are not. |
|Soviet Union||5||Three ASW frigate while two converted to gunboats.|
|Molniya||Corvette/Fast attack craft||HQ-375
|8||6 built locally.|
|South Korea||2||ASW corvettes transferred from South Korea.|
|Patrol vessels (26)|
|BPS-500||Missile boat||HQ-381||1||Active duty.|
|Soviet Union||8||Active duty.|
|Soviet Union||5||Active duty.|
|Amphibious warfare ships (13)|
|LST-938||Amphibious warfare||Trần Khánh Dư (HQ-501)
|United States||2||Active duty. The former USS Maricopa County LST-938 and USS Coconino County (LST-603) which captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Hùng Vương||Amphibious warfare||HQ-521
|Damen Roro 5612||Amphibious warfare||HQ-526
|Vietnam||4||Active duty. 3 ships repurchased from Venezuela's order. 1 ship ordered and transferred Vietnam Navy.|
|LCM-8||Amphibious warfare||United States||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|LCU 1466||Amphibious warfare||HQ-551
|United States||6||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Auxiliary vessels (33)|
|Sorum||Logistics tug||Soviet Union||1|
|USN YOG-5||Harbour tanker||United States||5||ex-USN YOG-5. Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Chaolocco||Tug||5||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|USN||Harbour tug||10||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Mines counter-measure vessels (8)|
|Soviet Union||4||Active duty.|
|Transport/Logistics support ships (11)|
|HSV-6613||Ocean surveillance||Trần Đại Nghĩa (HQ-888)|| Netherlands
|K-122||Transport/Logistics support ship||Trường Sa (HQ-571)
Khánh Hòa (HQ-561) (hospital ship)
|HQ-996||Transport/Logistics support ship||HQ-996||1||Active duty.|
|Trường Sa||Transport/Logistics support ship||Trường Sa (04)
Trường Sa (08)
Trường Sa (14)
Trường Sa (19)
Trường Sa (20)
Trường Sa (21)
Trường Sa (22)
|Search-and-rescue vessels (4)|
|Damen RGS 9316||Submarine rescue ship||Yết Kiêu (HQ-927)|| Netherlands
|FET 10-meterSubmarine Rescue Vehicle||Deep-submergence rescue vehicle||United Kingdom||1||Active duty|
|Perry® XLX-C Remotely Operated Vehicle||Remotely operated underwater vehicle||1||Active duty.|
|FC-624||Fast-react search-and-rescue vessel||HQ-/SAR-924||Russia||Active duty.|
|Training vessel (1)|
|Training vessel||Lê Quý Đôn||Poland||1||Active duty.|
|Patrol aircraft (6)|
|DHC-6 Twin Otter||Patrol aircraft||Canada||6||Active duty. 3 used as MPA and 3 used as transport.|
|Kamov Ka-28||ASW helicopter||Ka-32||Soviet Union||8||Serve in frigates and patrol vessels around Spratly Islands.|
|Eurocopter Super Puma||Patrol helicopter||France||2|
|Unmanned aerial vehicle|
|Magic Eye 01||Reconnaissance||Vietnam||unknown||Under development.|
|Insitu ScanEagle||Reconnaissance||United States||6|
|VA-111 Shkval||Russia||unknown||Equipped with Kilo-class submarine.|
|Type 53 torpedo|| Russia
|unknown||Equipped with Kilo-class submarine.|
|KMP|| Soviet Union
|P-18 radar||Soviet Union|
|Coast Watcher 100||Soviet Union|
|VRS-CSX||Vietnam||Manufactured by Viettel based on SCORE-3000|
|Anti-ship missile (AShM)|
|Kh-35 Uran-E||Anti-ship missile||SS-N-25 Switchblade|| Russia
|103||Active duty. Equipped in Molniya and Gepard class ships. Already self-produced by Vietnam. 300 more on order.|
|3M-14/54 Klub||Anti-ship missile||SS-N-27 Sizzler||Russia||(50)||Equipped in Kilo submarines. 40 on order.|
|P-15 Termit||Anti-ship missile||SS-N-2 Styx||20||Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.|
|Type A2 Helmet||Combat Helmet||Vietnam||Standard Issue.|
|Modular Integrated Communications Helmet||Combat Helmet||United States||Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force|
|Vietnamese Pith Helmet||Helmet||Vietnam||Mostly used as training helmet. Sometimes used as a regular hat.|
|PASGT Helmet||Combat Helmet|| United States
|Limited use. Standard Issue for Naval Infantry Force. They are gradually replacing older helmets in the Army. The Marines uses helmets imported from Israel, as well as domestically-produced ones.|
|Armour body||Armour body||Vietnam||Used byNaval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force|
|Combat Integrated Releasable Armor System||Armour body||United States||Used by Naval Infantry Force|
|K-07 Navy||Camouflage Pattern||Vietnam||Standard camo. A variant of the K-07 Woodland used by the Ground Forces. The Army is aiming to replace this with a more modern camouflage pattern in the future.|
|TT-33||Semi-automatic pistol||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Soviet Union||Standard issue service pistol. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory as the K14-VN. The locally produced version is improved with a longer barrel, and a double-stack magazine that holds an increased capacity of 13 rounds.|
|Makarov||Semi-automatic pistol||9×18mm Makarov||Soviet Union||Limited use.|
|Stechkin APS||Semi-automatic pistol||9×18mm Makarov||Soviet Union||Limited use.|
|Galil ACE||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Israel||Manufactured locally. Standard issue assault rifle.|
|IWI Tavor TAR-21||Assault rifle||5.56×45mm NATO||Israel||Manufactured locally. Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force as standard issue rifle |
|AK-47||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union||Used for training. Replaced as the standard issue rifle by the Galil ACE.|
|Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union|
|Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union|
|APS||Underwater Assault rifle||5.66×39mm MPS with 5.66×120mm steel darts and tracer MPST||Soviet Union||Used by Naval Special Force|
|Uzi||Submachine gun||9×19mm Parabellum||Israel||Used by Naval Special Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.|
|Dragunov SVD||Designated marksman rifle||7.62×54mmR||Soviet Union||Used by Naval Special Force and Naval Infantry Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.|
|PSL (rifle)||Designated marksman rifle||7.62×54mmR||Romania||Used by Naval Infantry Force.|
|Galil Sniper||Designated marksman rifle||7.62×54mmR||Israel||Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force|
|RPD||Light machine gun||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union|
|Light machine gun||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union|
|IMI Negev||Light machine gun||5.56×45mm NATO||Israel||Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.|
|DShK||Heavy machine gun||12.7×108mm||Soviet Union|
|M79 grenade launcher||Grenade launcher||40×46mm grenade||Manufactured locally at the Z125 Factory|
|M203 grenade launcher||Grenade launcher||40×46mm SR|
|AGS-17||Automatic Grenade Launcher||30×29mm grenade||Soviet Union||Manufactured locally at the Z125 Factory|
(B-41 in Vietnam)
|Rocket-propelled grenade||40mm HEAT||Soviet Union|
|MATADOR||Anti-armour||90mm anti-armour||Israel||Used by Naval Infantry Force.|
|Type 63 (tank)||Amphibious light tank||China|
|PT-76||Light tank||Soviet Union|
|T-34||Medium tank||Soviet Union||Coastal and islands defences.|
|SU-100||100mm tank destroyer||Soviet Union||Unknown||Used by coastal defence forces of PNVN.|
|Armoured personnel carriers|
|BTR-60||Wheeled armoured personnel carrier||Soviet Union|
|PTS-M||Tracked amphibious transport||Soviet Union|
|Rocket / Missile Artillery|
|ACCULAR||122–160 mm rocket artillery||Israel||unknown||Used for coastal defence.|
|EXTRA||306mm rocket artillery||Israel||20||150km range, used for coastal defence.|
|Onyx||Coastal defence||SS-N-26 Yakhont||Russia||10 launcher
|Finished negotiation for technological transferring programme. Two K-300P Bastion-P systems in active.|
|P-5 Pyatyorka||Coastal defence||SS-N-3 Shaddock||Soviet Union||unknown||Active duty. Already self-produced by Vietnam.|
|P-15 Termit||Coastal defence||SS-N-2 Styx||20||Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.|
|M101 howitzer||105mm Howitzer||United States||unknown|
|M114 155 mm howitzer||115mm Towed Howitzer||United States||unknown|
|SPG-9||73mm Recoilless gun||Soviet Union||unknown|
|B-10||82mm Recoilless Rifle||Soviet Union||unknown|
|B-11||107mm Recoilless Rifle||Soviet Union||unknown|
|D-20||152mm Towed Howitzer||Soviet Union||unknown|
|D-30||112mm Howitzer||Soviet Union||unknown|
|D-44||85mm Field Artillery||Soviet Union||unknown|
|M-46||130mm Field gun||Soviet Union||unknown|
|SU-100||100mm tank destroyer||Soviet Union||Unknown||Used by coastal defence force.|
|Shantou||Gunboat||China||Used in Gulf of Tonkin incident|
|P-6 class torpedo boat||Gunboat||T-333, T-336, T-339||China||Used in Vietnam War|
|Komar||Missile boat||Soviet Union||Discontinued in the 1980s|
|Barnegat||Patrol boat||HQ-01 (ex-Absecon)||United States||1||Received one in 1975.
The ship was decommissioned in the 2000s, and the entire system was dismantled.
|CCB command craft||Command and control boats||United States||9||Captured from South Vietnam in 1975.
Converted from LCM (6) landing craft.
|CSB diving support craft||Combat salvage boat||United States||4||Captured from South Vietnam in 1975.
Converted from LCM (6) landing craft, configured for river salvage and to support diving operations. Had 10t 'A'-frame fwd.
|Point||Patrol boat||United States||1||Captured in 1975.
Scrapped in Ho Chi Minh City, 1987.
|Yugo||Midget submarine||North Korea||Purchased in 1997. These were used for swimmer delivery operations aside from conventional submarine operations.
The purchase was done by bartering.
Discontinued in 2012.
As the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, as well to repulse unauthorised foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernisation of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernisation plan. As stated on 5 August 2011 by Minister of Defence Phùng Quang Thanh:
The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularisation and effectiveness and gradual modernisation. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernisation to protect the country.
- Frigates and corvettes: Two Gepard-class frigates were laid down in 2011 by the Zelenodolsk shipyard in Russia, named HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang and HQ-012 Lý Thái Tổ, and two more were ordered. A contract was made in 2011 with Schelde Naval Shipbuilding in the Netherlands to build two Sigma-class corvettes in the Netherlands and two more in Vietnam. The Vietnam People's Navy has itself built six Tarantul-class corvettes (Molniya class) with Russian supervision and has designed and built the first warships of the TT-400TP gunboat class.
- Submarines: Vietnam deployed its first submarine flotilla, Flotilla 182, on 1 June 1982. This flotilla was trained in Cam Ranh Bay under the guidance of Soviet submarine officers and used North Korea's Yugo-class submarine. In April 2011, Vietnam ordered six Kilo-class submarines worth about 1.8 billion dollars, said to be the entire defence budget of Vietnam in 2009. With six submarines, the first to be delivered in 2012 and the last one to be delivered by 2016, Vietnam will own the largest and most modern submarines in Southeast Asia.
- Offshore patrol vessel: When Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng visited India in October 2014 it was announced that India will supply 4 naval vessels to Vietnam, and quickly operationalise a $100 million line of credit which will allow Vietnam to purchase new vessels from India.
- Naval air force: The Vietnam People's Navy prepared to build the Naval Air Force to increase the capacity of coastal defence. On 27 February 2010, the Vietnamese People's Army General Staff decided to build and make the 954th Naval Air Force Regiment a regular member of the Vietnamese Navy. Vietnam has purchased three CASA C-212 Aviocar Series 400 aircraft. The aircraft are equipped with MSS 6000 radar and the Naval Air Force will use them for general patrol purposes. Vietnamese Navy received two Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma to offshore patrol and search and rescue missions. Viking Air Company of Canada contracted to sell to Vietnam six Seaplane DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 400 aircraft from 2012 to 2014. While eight Kamov Ka-28 helicopters also transferred to the naval air force.
- Coastal defence missile force: Vietnam People's Navy is building a coastal defence missile force (the 679th Coastal Missile Regiment) to become a core force in its maritime security strategy, with Russian and Indian missile systems. The Vietnamese Navy has already produced for itself the P-5 Pyatyorka/Shaddock anti-ship missile, with a range of 550 km. Vietnam was the only customer to which the Soviet Union exported this missile system. The then Russia delivered two K-300P Bastion-P coastal defence systems to Vietnam. The Bastion system uses the P-800 Oniks/Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, primarily used to attack targets on land and sea, has an attack range of 300 km, and can be used to protect a coastline of over 600 km. During a 2014 visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng to India, the Indian government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi showed willingness to sell their BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles developed by the Russia-India joint venture BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited to Vietnam. The Vietnamese are now starting to locally produce the anti-ship missile Kh-35 Uran-E after receiving 33 missiles in 2010.
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