List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Navy
Since the Vietnam War, most of Vietnamese vessels were supplied by the Soviet Union and presently by Russia, while hundreds more were integrated into the navy after it was left over from South Vietnam although many have been decommissioned due to lack of parts. However, due to rising tensions in the South China Sea, many nearby nations such as Japan have shown support in developing Vietnam's Navy and Coast Guard.
The Vietnam People's Navy is the branch of the Vietnam People's Army with the fastest modernisation as the Vietnamese government put it as a main priority, with constant upgradation of its weapons, ammunition and combat capability.
|Kilo||Submarine||182 Hà Nội
183 Hồ Chí Minh City
184 Hải Phòng
185 Khánh Hoà
186 Đà Nẵng
187 Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
|Gepard 3.9||Frigate||011 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
012 Lý Thái Tổ
015 Trần Hưng Đạo
016 Quang Trung
|Russia||4||HQ-15 and HQ-16 equipped with anti-submarine capability while HQ-11 and HQ-12 do not. With two more ships planned.|
|Soviet Union||5||Three ASW frigate while two converted to gunboats.|
|8||6 Built locally.|
|South Korea||2||ASW corvette transferred from South Korea.The second Pohang class delivered at the end of October 2018.|
|Patrol vessels (26)|
|BPS-500||Missile boat||HQ-381||Ukraine||1||Active duty.|
|Soviet Union||8||Active duty.|
|Soviet Union||5||Active duty.|
|Amphibious warfare ships (6)|
|LST-542||Amphibious warfare||HQ-501 Trần Khánh Dư||United States of America||1||Active duty. The former USS Maricopa County LST-938 which captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Soviet Union||3||Active duty.|
|Hùng Vương||Amphibious warfare||HQ-521
|Auxiliary vessels (33)|
|Sorum||Logistics tug||Project 745||Soviet Union||1|
|Voda||Logistics tug||MTV-6/Project 561||1|
|Nyrat-2||Logistics tug||Project 376U||5|
|PO-2||Project 376||Soviet Union||1|
|USN YOG-5||Harbour tanker||United States of America||5||ex-USN YOG-5. Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Chaolocco||Tug||5||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|USN||Harbour tug||10||Captured during the Vietnam War.|
|Mines counter-measure vessels (8)|
|Soviet Union||4||Active duty.|
|Transport/Logistics support ships (11)|
|HSV-6613||Ocean surveillance||HQ-888 Trần Đại Nghĩa|| Netherlands
|K-122||Transport/Logistics support ship||HQ-571 Trường Sa
HQ-561 Khánh Hòa (hospital ship)
|HQ-996||Transport/Logistics support ship||HQ-996||1||Active duty.|
|Trường Sa||Transport/Logistics support ship||Trường Sa 04
Trường Sa 08
Trường Sa 14
Trường Sa 19
Trường Sa 20
Trường Sa 21
Trường Sa 22
|Training vessel (1)|
|Training vessel||HQ-Lê Quý Đôn|| Poland
|Patrol aircraft (6)|
|DHC-6 Twin Otter||Patrol aircraft||Canada||6||Active duty.|
|Kamov Ka-28||ASW helicopter||Soviet Union||8||Serve in frigates and patrol vessels around Spratly Islands.|
|Eurocopter Dauphin||ASW helicopter||France||6||Active duty.|
|Eurocopter Super Puma||Patrol helicopter||2|
|Unmanned aerial vehicle|
|Magic Eye 01||UAV||Vietnam||unknown||Under development.|
|Insitu ScanEagle||UAV||United States of America||6|||
|Anti-ship missile (AShM)|
|Onyx||Coastal defence||SS-N-26 Yakhont||Russia||10 launcher
|Finished negotiation for technological transferring programme. Two K-300P Bastion-P systems in active.|
|P-5 Pyatyorka||Coastal defence||SS-N-3 Shaddock||Soviet Union||unknown||Active duty. Already self-produced by Vietnam.|
|P-15 Termit||Anti-ship missile
|SS-N-2 Styx||20||Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.|
|Kh-35 Uran-E||Anti-ship missile||SS-N-25 Switchblade||Russia||103||Active duty. Equipped in Molniya and Gepard class ships. Already self-produced by Vietnam. 300 more on order.|
|3M-14/54 Klub||Anti-ship missile||SS-N-27 Sizzler||(50)||Equipped in Kilo submarines. 40 on order.|
|TT-33||Semi-automatic pistol||7.62×25mm Tokarev||Soviet Union||Standard issue service pistol. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory as the K14-VN. The locally produced version is improved with a longer barrel, and a double-stack magazine that holds an increased capacity of 13 rounds.|
|Makarov||Semi-automatic pistol||9×18mm Makarov||Soviet Union||Limited use.|
|Galil ACE||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Israel||Standard issue assault rifle.|
|IWI Tavor TAR-21||Assault rifle||5.56×45mm NATO||Israel||Manufactured locally. Used by Marines as standard issue rifle |
|AK-47||Assault rifle||7.62×39mm||Soviet Union||Used for training. Replaced as the standard issue rifle by the Galil ACE.|
|Uzi||Submachine gun||9×19mm Parabellum||Israel||Used by Naval Special Forces. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.|
|IMI Negev||Light machine gun||5.56×45mm NATO||Israel||Used by Marines and Naval Special Forces. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.|
|Type A2 Helmet||Combat Helmet||Vietnam||Standard Issue.|
|Vietnamese Pith Helmet||Helmet||Vietnam||Mostly used as training helmet. Sometimes used as a regular hat.|
|PASGT Helmet||Combat Helmet||United States Vietnam||Limited use. Standard Issue for Marines. They are gradually replacing older helmets in the Army. The Marines uses helmets imported from Israel, as well as domestically-produced ones.|
|K-07 Navy||Camouflage Pattern||Vietnam||Standard camo. A variant of the K-07 Woodland used by the Ground Forces. The Army is aiming to replace this with a more modern camouflage pattern in the future.|
As the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, as well to repulse unauthorised foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernisation of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernisation plan. As stated on 5 August 2011 by Minister of Defence Phùng Quang Thanh:
The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularisation and effectiveness and gradual modernisation. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernisation to protect the country.
- Frigates and corvettes: Two Gepard-class frigates were laid down in 2011 by the Zelenodolsk shipyard in Russia, named HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang and HQ-012 Lý Thái Tổ, and two more were ordered. A contract was made in 2011 with Schelde Naval Shipbuilding in the Netherlands to build two Sigma-class corvettes in the Netherlands and two more in Vietnam. The Vietnam People's Navy has itself built six Tarantul-class corvettes (Molniya class) with Russian supervision and has designed and built the first warships of the TT-400TP gunboat class testo.
- Submarines: Vietnam deployed its first submarine flotilla, Flotilla 182, on 1 June 1982. This flotilla was trained in Cam Ranh Bay under the guidance of Soviet submarine officers and used North Korea's Yugo-class submarine. In April 2011, Vietnam ordered six Kilo-class submarines worth about 1.8 billion dollars, said to be the entire defence budget of Vietnam in 2009. With six submarines, the first to be delivered in 2012 and the last one to be delivered by 2016, Vietnam will own the largest and most modern submarines in Southeast Asia.
- Offshore patrol vessel: When Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng visited India in October 2014 it was announced that India will supply 4 naval vessels to Vietnam, and quickly operationalise a $100 million line of credit which will allow Vietnam to purchase new vessels from India.
- Naval air force: The Vietnam People's Navy prepared to build the Naval Air Force to increase the capacity of coastal defence. On 27 February 2010, the Vietnamese People's Army General Staff decided to build and make the 954th Naval Air Force Regiment a regular member of the Vietnamese Navy. Vietnam has purchased three CASA C-212 Aviocar Series 400 aircraft. The aircraft are equipped with MSS 6000 radar and the Naval Air Force will use them for general patrol purposes. Vietnamese Navy received two Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma to offshore patrol and search and rescue missions. Viking Air Company of Canada contracted to sell to Vietnam six Seaplane DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 400 aircraft from 2012 to 2014. While eight Kamov Ka-28 helicopters also transferred to the naval air force.
- Coastal defence missile force: Vietnam People's Navy is building a coastal defence missile force (the 679th Coastal Missile Regiment) to become a core force in its maritime security strategy, with Russian and Indian missile systems. The Vietnamese Navy has already produced for itself the P-5 Pyatyorka/Shaddock anti-ship missile, with a range of 550 km. Vietnam was the only customer to which the Soviet Union exported this missile system. The then Russia delivered two K-300P Bastion-P coastal defence systems to Vietnam. The Bastion system uses the P-800 Oniks/Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, primarily used to attack targets on land and sea, has an attack range of 300 km, and can be used to protect a coastline of over 600 km. During a 2014 visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng to India, the Indian government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi showed willingness to sell their BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles developed by the Russia-India joint venture BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited to Vietnam. The Vietnamese are now starting to locally produce the anti-ship missile Kh-35 Uran-E after receiving 33 missiles in 2010.
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