List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Navy

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People's Army of Vietnam
Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg
Ministry of Defence
Command
Vietnam People's Army General Staff insignia.jpg General Staff
Branches
Vietnam People's Army insignia.png Ground Force
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia.png Air Force
Vietnam People's Navy insignia.png Navy
Vietnam Border Defense Force.png Border Guard
Vietnam Coast Guard.png Coast Guard
Vietnam Cyberspace Operation.png Cyberspace Operations
VietNam Defend Mausoleum Ho Chi Minh President.png HCM Mausoleum Defence Force
Ranks and history
Vietnamese military ranks and insignia
History of Vietnamese military ranks
Military history of Vietnam

Since the Vietnam War, most of Vietnamese vessels were supplied by the Soviet Union and presently by Russia, while hundreds more were integrated into the navy after it was left over from South Vietnam although many have been decommissioned due to lack of parts. However, due to rising tensions in the South China Sea, many nearby nations such as Japan have shown support in developing Vietnam's Navy and Coast Guard.[1]

The Vietnam People's Navy is the branch of the Vietnam People's Army with the fastest modernisation as the Vietnamese government put it as a main priority, with constant improvement to its weapons, munitions and combat capability.

Vietnam People's Navy honour guard during the 2010 ASEAN Defence Ministers meeting.

Vessels[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines (6)
Kilo «Краснодар».jpg Submarine Hà Nội (HQ-182)
Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (HQ-183)
Hải Phòng (HQ-184)
Khánh Hoà (HQ-185)
Đà Nẵng (HQ-186)
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu (HQ-187)
 Russia 6[2] Equipped with Kalibr / Club-S missiles.[2]
Frigates (9)
Gepard 3.9 Vietnam People's Navy - Gepard 3.9 frigates.jpg Frigate Đinh Tiên Hoàng (HQ-011)
Lý Thái Tổ (HQ-012)
Trần Hưng Đạo (HQ-015)
Quang Trung (HQ-016)
 Russia 4[3] HQ-015 and HQ-016 are equipped with anti-submarine capability while HQ-011 and HQ-012 are not.
Petya Vietnamese Navy Petya II Class Frigate (HQ-15).jpg Frigate HQ-09
HQ-11
HQ-13
HQ-15
HQ-17
 Soviet Union 5[4] Three ASW frigate while two converted to gunboats.
Corvettes (14)
Molniya Second Edition of Indian Navy-Vietnam Peoples’ Navy Bilateral Exercise (1).jpg Corvette/Fast attack craft HQ-375
HQ-376
HQ-377
HQ-378
HQ-379
HQ-380
HQ-382
HQ-383
 Russia
 Vietnam
8[5] 6 built locally.
Tarantul ORP Metalowiec in Gdynia.JPG Corvette HQ-371
HQ-372
HQ-373
HQ-374
 Russia 4[6][7]
Pohang 2007년12월3일-함정기동 (7193822678).jpg Corvette HQ-18
HQ-20
 South Korea 2[8] ASW corvettes transferred from South Korea.[8]
Patrol vessels (26)
BPS-500 Ght.jpg Missile boat HQ-381

 Vietnam

1 Active duty.
Osa Project 205-ER missile boat.jpg Missile boat HQ-354
HQ-355
HQ-356
HQ-357
HQ-358
HQ-359
HQ-360
HQ-361
 Soviet Union 8 Active duty.
Svetlyak Caspian artillery boat 054.jpg Patrol boat HQ-261
HQ-263
HQ-264
HQ-265
HQ-266
HQ-267
 Russia 6 Active duty.
TT-400TP TT-400TP gunboat.JPG Patrol boat/Gunboat HQ-272
HQ-273
HQ-274
HQ-275
HQ-276
HQ-277
 Vietnam 6 Active duty.
Turya BTK pr.206M2.jpg Patrol boat HQ-331
HQ-332
HQ-333
HQ-334
HQ-335
 Soviet Union 5 Active duty.
Amphibious warfare ships (13)
LST-938 LST-938.jpg Amphibious warfare Trần Khánh Dư (HQ-501)
HQ-503
 United States 2 Active duty. The former USS Maricopa County LST-938 and USS Coconino County (LST-603) which captured during the Vietnam War.
Polnocny The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG Amphibious warfare HQ-511
HQ-512
HQ-513
 Poland 3 Active duty.
Hùng Vương Amphibious warfare HQ-521
HQ-522
 Vietnam 2 Active duty.
Damen Roro 5612 Amphibious warfare HQ-526
HQ-527
HQ-528
HQ-529
 Vietnam 4 Active duty. 3 ships repurchased from Venezuela's order. 1 ship ordered and transferred Vietnam Navy.
LCM-8 Amphibious warfare  United States Captured during the Vietnam War.
LCU 1466 Tàu LCU 1466.jpg Amphibious warfare HQ-551
HQ-552
HQ-553
HQ-554
HQ-555
HQ-556
 United States 6 Captured during the Vietnam War.
Auxiliary vessels (33)
Sorum Logistics tug  Soviet Union 1
Voda Logistics tug 1
Nyrat-2 Logistics tug 5
Floating drydock  Vietnam 5
PO-2  Soviet Union 1
USN YOG-5 Harbour tanker  United States 5 ex-USN YOG-5. Captured during the Vietnam War.
Chaolocco Tug 5 Captured during the Vietnam War.
USN Harbour tug 10 Captured during the Vietnam War.
Mines counter-measure vessels (8)
Sonya HQ-862 HQVN.JPG Minesweeper HQ-861
HQ-862
HQ-863
HQ-864
 Soviet Union 4 Active duty.
Yurka Minesweeper HQ-851
HQ-852
2 Active duty.
Yevgenya Caspian boat 207.jpg Minesweeper 2 Active duty.
Transport/Logistics support ships (11)
HSV-6613 Ocean surveillance Trần Đại Nghĩa (HQ-888)  Netherlands
 Vietnam
1 Active duty.
K-122 Transport/Logistics support ship Trường Sa (HQ-571)
Khánh Hòa (HQ-561) (hospital ship)
 Vietnam 2 Active duty.
HQ-996 Transport/Logistics support ship HQ-996 1 Active duty.
Trường Sa Transport/Logistics support ship Trường Sa (04)
Trường Sa (08)
Trường Sa (14)
Trường Sa (19)
Trường Sa (20)
Trường Sa (21)
Trường Sa (22)
7 Active duty.
Search-and-rescue vessels (4)
Damen RGS 9316 Can-canh-hai-quan-viet-nam-ha-thuy-tau-chuyen-cuu-ho-tau-ngam-yet-kieu.jpg Submarine rescue ship Yết Kiêu (HQ-927)[9]  Netherlands
 Vietnam
1 Active duty.
FET 10-meterSubmarine Rescue Vehicle[10] Submarine Rescue Systems - Forum Energy Technologies.png Deep-submergence rescue vehicle  United Kingdom 1 Active duty
Perry® XLX-C Remotely Operated Vehicle[11][12] XLX-C ROV.jpg Remotely operated underwater vehicle 1 Active duty.[13]
FC-624 Vietnam People's Navy - SAR-924.jpg Fast-react search-and-rescue vessel HQ-/SAR-924  Russia

 Vietnam

Active duty.[14]
Training vessel (1)
STS Le Quy Don 1.jpg Training vessel Lê Quý Đôn  Poland 1 Active duty.

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Image Type Variants Origin Quantity Notes
Patrol aircraft (6)
DHC-6 Twin Otter WinAir De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter Breidenstein.jpg Patrol aircraft  Canada 6[15] Active duty. 3 used as MPA and 3 used as transport.
Helicopters (10)
Kamov Ka-28 Kamov Ka-27PS.JPEG ASW helicopter Ka-32  Soviet Union 8[15] Serve in frigates and patrol vessels around Spratly Islands.
Eurocopter Super Puma EUROCOPTER EC225 01.JPG Patrol helicopter  France 2[15]
Unmanned aerial vehicle
Magic Eye 01 Reconnaissance  Vietnam unknown Under development.
Orbiter 2 Reconnaissance  Israel
IAI Heron IAI Heron( framed).jpg Reconnaissance  Israel 3[16]
Insitu ScanEagle US Navy 1005268-N-RC844-159 A Scan Eagle Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Reconnaissance  United States 6[16][17]

Munitions[edit]

Model Image Type Variants Origin Quantity Notes
Torpedo
VA-111 Shkval Shkval.jpg  Russia unknown Equipped with Kilo-class submarine.
Type 53 torpedo 53-65K torpedo MW.JPG  Russia
 Soviet Union
unknown Equipped with Kilo-class submarine.
Naval Mine
KMP  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
unknown
UĐM  Soviet Union unknown
Radar
P-18 radar  Soviet Union
Coast Watcher 100  Soviet Union
SCORE-3000  France
VRS-CSX  Vietnam Manufactured by Viettel based on SCORE-3000
Anti-ship missile (AShM)
Kh-35 Uran-E Kh-35E fol maks2009.jpg Anti-ship missile SS-N-25 Switchblade  Russia
 Vietnam
103[6] Active duty. Equipped in Molniya and Gepard class ships. Already self-produced by Vietnam. 300 more on order.
3M-14/54 Klub 3M-54E1.jpg Anti-ship missile SS-N-27 Sizzler  Russia (50) Equipped in Kilo submarines. 40 on order.[18]
P-15 Termit Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch.jpg Anti-ship missile SS-N-2 Styx 20[6] Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.

Soldier's equipment[edit]

Gear[edit]

Name Image Type Origin Notes
Helmets
Type A2 Helmet Combat Helmet  Vietnam Standard Issue.
Modular Integrated Communications Helmet Ain't no sunshine when he's gone 170207-M-HF454-121.jpg Combat Helmet  United States Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force[19]
Vietnamese Pith Helmet Helmet  Vietnam Mostly used as training helmet. Sometimes used as a regular hat.
PASGT Helmet Combat Helmet  United States
 Vietnam
Limited use. Standard Issue for Naval Infantry Force. They are gradually replacing older helmets in the Army. The Marines uses helmets imported from Israel, as well as domestically-produced ones.[20][21]
Armour body
Armour body Armour body  Vietnam Used byNaval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force
Combat Integrated Releasable Armor System Armour body  United States Used by Naval Infantry Force[22]
Camouflage patterns
K-07 Navy Camouflage Pattern  Vietnam Standard camo. A variant of the K-07 Woodland used by the Ground Forces. The Army is aiming to replace this with a more modern camouflage pattern in the future.[23][24]

Firearms[edit]

Model Image Type Calibre Origin Notes
Pistol
TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

Standard issue service pistol. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory as the K14-VN. The locally produced version is improved with a longer barrel, and a double-stack magazine that holds an increased capacity of 13 rounds.[25][26]
Makarov Пистолет Макарова.png Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

Limited use.
Stechkin APS Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Limited use.
Assault rifles
Galil ACE IWI 3686 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Israel Manufactured locally. Standard issue assault rifle.
IWI Tavor TAR-21 IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Manufactured locally. Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force as standard issue rifle [27][28][29]
AK-47 AK47.jpg Assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union Used for training. Replaced as the standard issue rifle by the Galil ACE.
AKM

AKMS

Assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
Ak-74

AKS-74

Assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
APS Underwater Assault rifle 5.66×39mm MPS with 5.66×120mm steel darts and tracer MPST  Soviet Union Used by Naval Special Force
Submachine gun
Uzi IWI UZI.jpg Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  Israel Used by Naval Special Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.
Sniper rifles
Dragunov SVD Designated marksman rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union Used by Naval Special Force and Naval Infantry Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.[30]
PSL (rifle) Designated marksman rifle 7.62×54mmR  Romania Used by Naval Infantry Force.
Galil Sniper Galil-Sniper-Galatz-r001.jpg Designated marksman rifle 7.62×54mmR  Israel Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force
Machine gun
RPD Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
RPK

RPK-74

Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
IMI Negev IWI-Negev-Zachi-Evenor-01-white.jpg Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Used by Naval Infantry Force and Naval Special Force. Manufactured locally at the Z111 Factory.
DShK NVA DShK.jpg Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

Grenade launcher
M79 grenade launcher Grenade launcher 40×46mm grenade Manufactured locally at the Z125 Factory
M203 grenade launcher Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR
AGS-17 Automatic Grenade Launcher 30×29mm grenade  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

Manufactured locally at the Z125 Factory
RPG-7

(B-41 in Vietnam)

RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg Rocket-propelled grenade 40mm HEAT  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

DP-64 ДП-64 - МВМС 2007.jpg Grenade launcher 45mm  Russia
MATADOR MATADOR Stand.jpg Anti-armour 90mm anti-armour  Israel Used by Naval Infantry Force.

Vehicles[edit]

Vehicle Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Tanks
Type 63 (tank) Amphibious light tank  China
PT-76 PT-76 National Museum of the Great Patriotic War.jpg Light tank  Soviet Union
T-34 Vietnamese T-34-85.jpg Medium tank  Soviet Union Coastal and islands defences.
SU-100 Self-propelled artillery in Brest Fortress.jpg 100mm tank destroyer  Soviet Union Unknown Used by coastal defence forces of PNVN.[31]
Armoured personnel carriers
BTR-60 BTR-60PB front left.JPEG Wheeled armoured personnel carrier  Soviet Union
Transport
PTS-M PTS-M VS4.JPG Tracked amphibious transport  Soviet Union

Artillery[edit]

Model Image Type Variants Origin Quantity Notes
Rocket / Missile Artillery
ACCULAR רקטת כידון קסום.jpg 122–160 mm rocket artillery  Israel unknown Used for coastal defence.[32]
EXTRA Azeri Lynx Extra, parade in Baku, 2013.JPG 306mm rocket artillery  Israel 20 150km range, used for coastal defence.[33]
Onyx Yakhont.jpg Coastal defence SS-N-26 Yakhont  Russia 10 launcher
40 missiles
Finished negotiation for technological transferring programme. Two K-300P Bastion-P systems in active.
P-5 Pyatyorka P-500 Bazalt in Vladivostok Fortress Museum.JPG Coastal defence SS-N-3 Shaddock  Soviet Union unknown Active duty. Already self-produced by Vietnam.
P-15 Termit Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch.jpg Coastal defence SS-N-2 Styx 20[6] Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.
Coastal Artillery
M101 howitzer M101-105mm-howitzer-camp-pendleton-20050326.jpg 105mm Howitzer  United States unknown
M114 155 mm howitzer USArmy M114 howitzer.jpg 115mm Towed Howitzer  United States unknown
SPG-9 SPG-9M rus.jpeg 73mm Recoilless gun  Soviet Union unknown
B-10 B-10-82mm-recoilles-rifle-batey-haosef-1-1.jpg 82mm Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union unknown
B-11 107 mm działo B-11 Jelenia Góra.jpg 107mm Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union unknown
D-20 Артилерійські підрозділи ВМС ЗС України виконали бойові стрільби.jpg 152mm Towed Howitzer  Soviet Union unknown
D-30 Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg 112mm Howitzer  Soviet Union unknown
D-44 D-44-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg 85mm Field Artillery  Soviet Union unknown
M-46 M-46 Lutsk.jpg 130mm Field gun  Soviet Union unknown
SU-100 Self-propelled artillery in Brest Fortress.jpg 100mm tank destroyer  Soviet Union Unknown Used by coastal defence force.[34]

Former[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Shantou Gunboat  China Used in Gulf of Tonkin incident
P-6 class torpedo boat Type 123K Torpedo boat Bangladesh Navy T 8224 (23317190180).jpg Gunboat T-333, T-336, T-339  China Used in Vietnam War
Komar
183R.JPG
Missile boat  Soviet Union Discontinued in the 1980s
Barnegat
USS Absecon (AVP-23) off Houghton.jpg
Patrol boat HQ-01 (ex-Absecon)  United States 1 Received one in 1975.[35]

The ship was decommissioned in the 2000s, and the entire system was dismantled.[36]

CCB command craft Command and control boats  United States 9 Captured from South Vietnam in 1975.[37]

Converted from LCM (6) landing craft.

CSB diving support craft Combat salvage boat  United States 4 Captured from South Vietnam in 1975.[38]

Converted from LCM (6) landing craft, configured for river salvage and to support diving operations. Had 10t 'A'-frame fwd.

Point
USCG 82-foot cutters at Da Nang 1965-07-24 2.jpg
Patrol boat  United States 1 Captured in 1975.[39]

Scrapped in Ho Chi Minh City, 1987.

Yugo Midget submarine  North Korea Purchased in 1997.[40] These were used for swimmer delivery operations aside from conventional submarine operations.[40]

The purchase was done by bartering.[41]

Discontinued in 2012.

Procurement[edit]

As the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, as well to repulse unauthorised foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernisation of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernisation plan. As stated on 5 August 2011 by Minister of Defence Phùng Quang Thanh:

The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularisation and effectiveness and gradual modernisation. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernisation to protect the country.[42]

  • Frigates and corvettes: Two Gepard-class frigates were laid down in 2011 by the Zelenodolsk shipyard in Russia, named HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang and HQ-012 Lý Thái Tổ, and two more were ordered. A contract was made in 2011 with Schelde Naval Shipbuilding in the Netherlands to build two Sigma-class corvettes in the Netherlands and two more in Vietnam.[43] The Vietnam People's Navy has itself built six Tarantul-class corvettes (Molniya class) with Russian supervision and has designed and built the first warships of the TT-400TP gunboat class.[44]
  • Submarines: Vietnam deployed its first submarine flotilla, Flotilla 182, on 1 June 1982. This flotilla was trained in Cam Ranh Bay under the guidance of Soviet submarine officers and used North Korea's Yugo-class submarine. In April 2011, Vietnam ordered six Kilo-class submarines worth about 1.8 billion dollars, said to be the entire defence budget of Vietnam in 2009. With six submarines, the first to be delivered in 2012 and the last one to be delivered by 2016, Vietnam will own the largest and most modern submarines in Southeast Asia.[45]
  • Offshore patrol vessel: When Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng visited India in October 2014 it was announced that India will supply 4 naval vessels to Vietnam, and quickly operationalise a $100 million line of credit which will allow Vietnam to purchase new vessels from India.[46]
  • Naval air force: The Vietnam People's Navy prepared to build the Naval Air Force to increase the capacity of coastal defence. On 27 February 2010, the Vietnamese People's Army General Staff decided to build and make the 954th Naval Air Force Regiment a regular member of the Vietnamese Navy. Vietnam has purchased three CASA C-212 Aviocar Series 400 aircraft. The aircraft are equipped with MSS 6000 radar and the Naval Air Force will use them for general patrol purposes. Vietnamese Navy received two Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma to offshore patrol and search and rescue missions.[47] Viking Air Company of Canada contracted to sell to Vietnam six Seaplane DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 400 aircraft from 2012 to 2014. While eight Kamov Ka-28 helicopters also transferred to the naval air force.[48]
  • Coastal defence missile force: Vietnam People's Navy is building a coastal defence missile force (the 679th Coastal Missile Regiment) to become a core force in its maritime security strategy, with Russian and Indian missile systems. The Vietnamese Navy has already produced for itself the P-5 Pyatyorka/Shaddock anti-ship missile, with a range of 550 km. Vietnam was the only customer to which the Soviet Union exported this missile system. The then Russia delivered two K-300P Bastion-P coastal defence systems to Vietnam. The Bastion system uses the P-800 Oniks/Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, primarily used to attack targets on land and sea, has an attack range of 300 km, and can be used to protect a coastline of over 600 km.[49] During a 2014 visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng to India, the Indian government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi showed willingness to sell their BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles developed by the Russia-India joint venture BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited to Vietnam.[50] The Vietnamese are now starting to locally produce the anti-ship missile Kh-35 Uran-E after receiving 33 missiles in 2010.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ https://medium.com/indo-pacific-geomill/vietnamese-navy-gepard-frigates-4424deb08172
  4. ^ https://www.tienphong.vn/hanh-trang-nguoi-linh/tau-chien-san-ngam-viet-nam-50-nam-van-chay-tot-621776.tpo
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  38. ^ "CSB diving support craft (1944-1945/1969)". www.navypedia.org. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  39. ^ "Phước Đức large patrol boat (1960-1970 / 1969-1970)". Navypedia.
  40. ^ a b "SSM Yugo and P-4 class (Midget Submarine) (SSW)". Globalsecurity. Archived from the original on 26 December 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  41. ^ "Russian Subs in Vietnam". USNI News. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  42. ^ Đỗ Hùng (5 August 2011). "Hiện đại hóa Hải quân" (in Vietnamese). Thanh Niên. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
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