List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Navy

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Vietnam People's Army
Emblem VPA.svg
Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg
Ministry of Defence
Command
Vietnam People's Army General Staff insignia.jpgGeneral Staff
Services
Vietnam People's Army insignia.png Ground Force
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia.png Air Force
Vietnam People's Navy insignia.png Navy
Vietnam Border Defense Force insignia.jpg Border Guard
Vietnam Marine Police insignia.jpg Coast Guard
Ranks of the Vietnamese Military
Ground Force ranks and insignia
Air Force ranks and insignia
Navy ranks and insignia
Border Guard ranks and insignia
Coast Guard ranks and insignia
History of the Vietnamese Military
History of Vietnamese military ranks
Military history of Vietnam
Vietnam People's Navy honour guard during the 2010 ASEAN Defence Ministers meeting.

Since the Vietnam War, most of Vietnamese vessels were supplied by the Soviet Union and now by Russia, while hundreds more were integrated into the navy after it was left over from South Vietnam although many have been decommissioned due to lack of parts.

The Vietnam People's Navy are the branch of the Vietnam People's Army with the fastest modernisation as the Vietnamese government put it as a main priority, with constant upgradation of its weapons, ammunition and combat capability.

Vessels[edit]

Submarines[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines (6)
Kilo Submarine Kilo class.jpg Submarine 182 Hà Nội
183 Hồ Chí Minh City
184 Hải Phòng
185 Khánh Hoà
186 Đà Nẵng
187 Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
 Russia 6[1] Active.[1]

Ships[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Frigates (9)
Gepard 3.9 Caspian Frigate Dagestan.jpg Frigate 011 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
012 Lý Thái Tổ
015 Trần Hưng Đạo
016 Ngô Quyền
 Russia 4 HQ-15 and HQ-16 equipped with anti-submarine capability while HQ-11 and HQ-12 do not.[2]
Petya SKRpr159(DN-SC-86-01985).jpg Frigate HQ-09
HQ-11
HQ-13
HQ-15
HQ-17
 Soviet Union 5 Three ASW frigate while two converted to gunboats.
Corvettes (14)
Molniya / Tarantul V ORP Metalowiec in Gdynia.JPG Corvette HQ-375
HQ-376
HQ-377
HQ-378
HQ-379
HQ-380
HQ-382
HQ-383
 Russia
 Vietnam
8 6 Built locally.[3]
Tarantul Taratul I Viet Nam.jpg Corvette HQ-371
HQ-372
HQ-373
HQ-374
 Russia 4[4]
Pohang 2007년12월3일-함정기동 (7193822678).jpg Corvette HQ-18
HQ-20
 South Korea 2[5] ASW corvette transferred from South Korea.[5]The second Pohang class delivered at the end of October 2018.
Patrol vessels (26)
BPS-500 Ght.jpg Missile boat HQ-381  Russia
 Vietnam
1 Active duty.
Osa Project 205-ER missile boat.jpg Missile boat HQ-354
HQ-355
HQ-356
HQ-357
HQ-358
HQ-359
HQ-360
HQ-361
 Soviet Union 8 Active duty.
Svetlyak Caspian artillery boat 054.jpg Patrol boat HQ-261
HQ-263
HQ-264
HQ-265
HQ-266
HQ-267
 Russia 6 Active duty.
TT-400TP Patrol boat HQ-272
HQ-273
HQ-274
HQ-275
HQ-276
HQ-277
 Vietnam 6 Active duty.
Turya BTK pr.206M2.jpg Patrol boat HQ-331
HQ-332
HQ-333
HQ-334
HQ-335
 Soviet Union 5 Active duty.
Amphibious warfare ships (6)
LST-542 LST-938.jpg Amphibious warfare HQ-501 Trần Khánh Dư  USA 1 Active duty. The former USS Maricopa County LST-938 which captured during the Vietnam War.
Polnocny The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG Amphibious warfare HQ-511
HQ-512
HQ-513
 Soviet Union
3 Active duty.
Hùng Vương Amphibious warfare HQ-521
HQ-522
 Vietnam 2 Active duty.
Auxiliary vessels (33)
Sorum Logistics tug Project 745  Soviet Union 1
Voda Logistics tug MTV-6/Project 561 1
Nyrat-2 Logistics tug Project 376U 5
Floating drydock  Vietnam 5
PO-2 Project 376  Soviet Union 1
USN YOG-5 Harbour tanker  USA 5 ex-USN YOG-5. Captured during the Vietnam War.
Chaolocco Tug 5 Captured during the Vietnam War.
USN Harbour tug 10 Captured during the Vietnam War.
Mines counter-measure vessels (8)
Sonya HQ-862 HQVN.JPG Minesweeper HQ-861
HQ-862
HQ-863
HQ-864
 Soviet Union 4 Active duty.
Yurka Minesweeper HQ-851
HQ-852
2 Active duty.
Yevgenya Caspian boat 207.jpg Minesweeper 2 Active duty.
Transport/Logistics support ships (11)
HSV-6613 Ocean surveillance HQ-888 Trần Đại Nghĩa  Netherlands
 Vietnam
1 Active duty.
K-122 Transport/Logistics support ship HQ-571 Trường Sa
HQ-561 Khánh Hòa (hospital ship)
 Vietnam 2 Active duty.
HQ-996 Transport/Logistics support ship HQ-996 1 Active duty.
Trường Sa Transport/Logistics support ship Trường Sa 04
Trường Sa 08
Trường Sa 14
Trường Sa 19
Trường Sa 20
Trường Sa 21
Trường Sa 22
7 Active duty.
Training vessel (1)
Training vessel HQ-Lê Quý Đôn  Poland
 Vietnam
1 Active duty.

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Image Type Variants Origin Quantity Notes
Patrol aircraft (6)
DHC-6 Twin Otter WinAir De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter Breidenstein.jpg Patrol aircraft  Canada 6 Active duty.
Helicopters (16)
Kamov Ka-28 Kamov Ka-27PS.JPEG ASW helicopter  Soviet Union 8 Serve in frigates and patrol vessels around Spratly Islands.
Eurocopter Dauphin Aerospatiale HH-65.jpg ASW helicopter  France 6 Active duty.
Eurocopter Super Puma EUROCOPTER EC225 01.JPG Patrol helicopter 2
Unmanned aerial vehicle
Magic Eye 01 UAV  Vietnam Under development.

Weapons[edit]

Ship/submarine missiles[edit]

Model Image Type Variants Origin Quantity Notes
Anti-ship missile (AShM)
Onyx Yakhont.jpg Coastal defence SS-N-26 Yakhont  Russia 10 launcher
40 missiles
Finished negotiation for technological transferring programme. Two K-300P Bastion-P systems in active.
P-5 Pyatyorka P-500 Bazalt in Vladivostok Fortress Museum.JPG Coastal defence SS-N-3 Shaddock  Soviet Union
unknown Active duty. Already self-produced by Vietnam.
P-15 Termit Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch.jpg Anti-ship missile
Coastal defence
SS-N-2 Styx 20[4] Active duty. Equipped in Tarantul class ships. Some have been replaced by Kh-35.
Kh-35 Uran-E Kh-35E fol maks2009.jpg Anti-ship missile SS-N-25 Switchblade  Russia
103[4] Active duty. Equipped in Molniya and Gepard class ships. Already self-produced by Vietnam. 300 more on order.
3M-14/54 Klub 3M-54E1.jpg Anti-ship missile SS-N-27 Sizzler (50) Equipped in Kilo submarines. 40 on order.[6]

Firearms[edit]

Model Image Type Calibre Origin Notes
Pistol
Makarov Пистолет Макарова.png Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Standard issue pistol.
Submachine gun
Uzi Uzi of the israeli armed forces.jpg Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  Israel Used by Naval Special Forces.
Assault rifles
AK-47 AK47.jpg Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Standard issue assault rifle.
IWI Tavor TAR-21 IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Manufactured locally. Used by Marines as standard issue rifle [7][8][9]
Machine gun
IMI Negev IWI-Negev-Zachi-Evenor-01-white.jpg Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel Used by Marines and Naval Special Forces.
Grenade launcher
DP-64 ДП-64 - МВМС 2007.jpg Grenade launcher 45mm  Russia

Procurement[edit]

As the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, as well to repulse unauthorised foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernisation of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernisation plan. As stated on 5 August 2011 by Minister of Defence Phùng Quang Thanh:

The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularisation and effectiveness and gradual modernisation. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernisation to protect the country.[10]

  • Frigates and corvettes: Two Gepard-class frigates were laid down in 2011 by the Zelenodolsk shipyard in Russia, named HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang and HQ-012 Lý Thái Tổ, and two more were ordered. A contract was made in 2011 with Schelde Naval Shipbuilding in the Netherlands to build two Sigma-class corvettes in the Netherlands and two more in Vietnam.[11] The Vietnam People's Navy has itself built six Tarantul-class corvettes (Molniya class) with Russian supervision and has designed and built the first warships of the TT-400TP gunboat class.[12]
  • Submarines: Vietnam deployed its first submarine flotilla, Flotilla 182, on 1 June 1982. This flotilla was trained in Cam Ranh Bay under the guidance of Soviet submarine officers and used North Korea's Yugo-class submarine. In April 2011, Vietnam ordered six Kilo-class submarines worth about 1.8 billion dollars, said to be the entire defence budget of Vietnam in 2009. With six submarines, the first to be delivered in 2012 and the last one to be delivered by 2016, Vietnam will own the largest and most modern submarines in Southeast Asia.[13]
  • Offshore patrol vessel: When Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng visited India in October 2014 it was announced that India will supply 4 naval vessels to Vietnam, and quickly operationalise a $100 million line of credit which will allow Vietnam to purchase new vessels from India.[14]
  • Naval air force: The Vietnam People's Navy prepared to build the Naval Air Force to increase the capacity of coastal defence. On 27 February 2010, the Vietnamese People's Army General Staff decided to build and make the 954th Naval Air Force Regiment a regular member of the Vietnamese Navy. Vietnam has purchased three CASA C-212 Aviocar Series 400 aircraft. The aircraft are equipped with MSS 6000 radar and the Naval Air Force will use them for general patrol purposes. Vietnamese Navy received two Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma to offshore patrol and search and rescue missions.[15] Viking Air Company of Canada contracted to sell to Vietnam six Seaplane DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 400 aircraft from 2012 to 2014. While eight Kamov Ka-28 helicopters also transferred to the naval air force.[16]
  • Coastal defence missile force: Vietnam People's Navy is building a coastal defence missile force (the 679th Coastal Missile Regiment) to become a core force in its maritime security strategy, with Russian and Indian missile systems. The Vietnamese Navy has already produced for itself the P-5 Pyatyorka/Shaddock anti-ship missile, with a range of 550 km. Vietnam was the only customer to which the Soviet Union exported this missile system. The then Russia delivered two K-300P Bastion-P coastal defence systems to Vietnam. The Bastion system uses the P-800 Oniks/Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, primarily used to attack targets on land and sea, has an attack range of 300 km, and can be used to protect a coastline of over 600 km.[17] During a 2014 visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng to India, the Indian government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi showed willingness to sell their BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles developed by the Russia-India joint venture BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited to Vietnam.[18] The Vietnamese are now starting to locally produce the anti-ship missile Kh-35 Uran-E after receiving 33 missiles in 2010.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alexander Korablinov (9 February 2016). "5th Russian-built Kilo-class submarine arrives in Vietnam". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  2. ^ http://baodatviet.vn/quoc-phong/quoc-phong-viet-nam/gepard-39-thu-tu-bat-dau-len-duong-ve-viet-nam-3348305/. Retrieved 9 July 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Việt Nam đóng thêm 4 tàu tên lửa Molniya với vũ khí mới" (in Vietnamese). VTC News. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "SIPRI arms transfer database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  5. ^ a b https://m.facebook.com/Maxdefense/posts/555465367957458[unreliable source?]
  6. ^ "Thống kê hợp đồng mua sắm đạn dược của Việt Nam" (in Vietnamese). Soha News. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  7. ^ Yuval Azulai (18 July 2012). "Israel's defense industry targets Vietnam". Globes. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  8. ^ Jon Grevatt (3 February 2014). "Israel Weapon Industries to begin assault rifle production in Vietnam". IHS Jane’s 360. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  9. ^ Steve Johnson (5 June 2013). "IWI To Produce Weapons In Vietnam". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  10. ^ Đỗ Hùng (5 August 2011). "Hiện đại hóa Hải quân" (in Vietnamese). Thanh Niên. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  11. ^ Tamir Eshel (23 October 2011). "Vietnam Negotiate Buying four Sigma Corvettes from the Netherlands". Defense Update. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  12. ^ "TT400TP - Tàu chiến "made in Việt Nam"" (in Vietnamese). An ninh Thủ đô. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Hanoi to Purchase Six Kilo Class Russian Submarines". Naval Today. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  14. ^ Sanjeev Miglani; Sui-Lee Wee; Nick Macfie (28 October 2014). "India to supply Vietnam with naval vessels amid China disputes". Reuters. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  15. ^ "Vietnam Navy receives transport choppers" (in Vietnamese). Tuổi Trẻ. 25 December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  16. ^ "VN sẽ có không lực thuộc hải quân" (in Vietnamese). BBC News. 15 September 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  17. ^ "Vietnam; Navy incepts Yakhont coastal missile". Defence Marketing Intelligence. 24 October 2011. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  18. ^ Indrani Bagchi (29 October 2014). "India ignores China's frown, offers defence boost to Vietnam". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 April 2016.