List of ethnic enclaves in North American cities

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Ethnic enclaves in North American cities
Brooklyn Chinatown.png
New York City is home to the largest overseas Chinese population of any city proper in the Western Hemisphere, with over half million. Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban ethnic enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[1][2][3][4] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside of Asia.[5]
Broad Avenue, Koreatown (팰리세이즈 파크 코리아타운) in Palisades Park, Bergen County, New Jersey, USA,[6] where Koreans comprise the majority (52%) of the population.[7]
India Square in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States, is one of at least 24 Indian American enclaves characterized as a Little India which have emerged within the New York City Metropolitan Area, with the largest metropolitan Indian population outside Asia, as large-scale immigration from India continues into New York.[1][2][3][8]

This is a list of ethnic enclaves in various countries of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds to the native population. An ethnic enclave in this context denotes an area primarily populated by a population with similar ethnic or racial background. This list also includes historic examples which may no longer be an ethnic enclave.

Contents

List by world region and national origin[edit]

Africa[edit]

Asia (East, South and Southeast)[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Burma/Myanmar[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

Manhattan's Chinatown, home to the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere,[9][10][11][12][13] is the oldest of at least 9 Chinatowns in the New York City Metropolitan Area.

China[edit]

Chinatown, San Francisco
Toronto's downtown Chinatown

Canada-

Mexico-

Hmong[edit]

India[edit]

Japan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Laos[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Pakistani and other South Asian shops in Gerrard Street, Toronto

Philippines[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Little Saigon, Orange County, California

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Eastern European Jewish[edit]

Finland[edit]

France or Franco-American[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Canada -

Mexico -

USA -

Jewish (of many nationalities)[edit]

Louisiana Creole/Cajun/Louisiana People[edit]

Lithuania[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Malta[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Scandinavia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Slovenia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Also persons of mainly English American ancestry.

Bermuda - island (UK colony) close to the eastern USA.

(Cornwall)[edit]

(Northern Ireland - since 1919)[edit]

(Scotland)[edit]

(Wales)[edit]

Middle East and Central Asia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Arab World/Near East (also Assyrians and Chaldeans)[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Iran[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Israel (Jews and Arabs)[edit]

Kurds (Kurdistan)[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Latin America and Caribbean[edit]

Central/South America[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Puerto Rican (see also Nuyorican)[edit]

West Indies and Caribbean[edit]

All are largest Belizean, Cuban and Puerto Rican communities in California, respectively, all in Los Angeles area.

Others[edit]

African Americans[edit]

List of African-American neighborhoods - Thousands of African-American neighborhoods exist today. However, many of these communities are now less populated by African Americans than they were during the earlier, sometimes mid and late parts of the 20th century.

Americans (US)[edit]

Ethnic enclaves of Americans: Ajijic and the Lake Chapala region, Mexico; Los Cabos, Baja California; Puerto Vallarta; Cancun; Tijuana, and many others (see Americans in Mexico).

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

Anglophones[edit]

Seasonal residents known as "Snowbirds" are in Florida, the Carolinas, Gulf Coast of the United States, South Texas, Arizona, Las Vegas, Nevada and Southern California.

French Canadians[edit]

Native Americans[edit]

The highest concentration of Urban Indians is believed to be in Anchorage, Alaska where over 10 percent of the population identify themselves in the census as having some Native ancestry, with 7.3 percent identifying that as their only ancestry.

Some moderate-sized cities and suburbs lie adjacent to Indian Reservations, examples being Asheville, North Carolina; Billings, Montana; Bismarck, North Dakota; Green Bay, Wisconsin; Muskogee, Oklahoma; Pierre, South Dakota; Rapid City, South Dakota; Sedona, Arizona; Tacoma, Washington; and Wenatchee, Washington. A mostly non-Indian community of Salamanca, New York within the Allegany Indian Reservation located in Upstate New York.

Pacific Islanders[edit]

See also Samoans and Guamanians.

Seventh-day Adventists (religious group communities and concentrations)[edit]

Other cultural communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  4. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  6. ^ Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues Second Edition, Edited by Pyong Gap Min. Pine Forge Press – An Imprint of Sage Publications, Inc. 2006. ISBN 9781412905565. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  7. ^ KAREN SUDOL AND DAVE SHEINGOLD (October 12, 2011). "Korean language ballots coming to Bergen County". © 2012 North Jersey Media Group. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  8. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  9. ^ "Chinatown New York City Fact Sheet" (PDF). www.explorechinatown.com. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  10. ^ "Chinatown". Indo New York. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  11. ^ Sarah Waxman. "The History of New York's Chinatown". Mediabridge Infosystems, Inc. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  12. ^ David M. Reimers (1992). Still the golden door: the Third ... – Google Books. Books.google.com. ISBN 9780231076814. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  13. ^ Lawrence A. McGlinn, Department of Geography SUNY-New Paltz. "BEYOND CHINATOWN: DUAL IMMIGRATION AND THE CHINESE POPULATION OF METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CITY, 2000, Page 4" (PDF). Middle States Geographer, 2002, 35: 110-119, Journal of the Middle States Division of the Association of American Geographers. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  14. ^ http://www.urbanphoto.net/blog/2007/12/01/chinatown-is-changing/
  15. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140305164937/http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  16. ^ "A little 'Seoul' on Warwick Boulevard". 
  17. ^ https://ericbrightwell.com/2016/05/01/no-enclave-exploring-pakistani-los-angeles/
  18. ^ Foster, Carly (2007). "Tamils: Population in Canada". Ryerson University. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 25 June 2008. According to government figures, there are about 200,000 Tamils in Canada 
  19. ^ "New Beginnings: Tamil Heritage in Toronto -". heritagetoronto.org. 
  20. ^ "The Tamil Community in Canada: A Brief Overview". tamilculture.com. 
  21. ^ "Ancestry Search - Genealogy by City - ePodunk.com". www.epodunk.com. 
  22. ^ http://pdgreekfest.org/
  23. ^ "How Lakewood became a worldwide destination for Orthodox Jews - Di Ionno". 
  24. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=n0SujCRdh4gC
  25. ^ "When left-wingers and chicken wings populated Petaluma – J". 7 May 1999. 
  26. ^ http://anaheim.areaconnect.com/statistics.htm
  27. ^ "Cuban-American Population by U.S. City - NerdWallet". 17 December 2014. 
  28. ^ https://www.usnews.com/news/slideshows/11-cities-with-the-most-hispanics
  29. ^ https://www.google.com/maps/place/Colony+Park,+Indio,+CA+92201/@33.7094764,-116.2208409,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x80daf78e02fe80d7:0x5c471fe0a2c9f576!8m2!3d33.7093337!4d-116.2193871
  30. ^ https://www.google.com/search?q=Santa+Ana+Barrios&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS801US801&oq=Santa+Ana+Barrios&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.3455j0j8&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
  31. ^ "Jamaican Ancestry Maps". ePodunk. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  32. ^ Saldaña, Matt. "Raleigh's Cuban community: Their stories, their views on Obama's new diplomacy". 
  33. ^ "Cuban Ancestry Maps". ePodunk. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 

External links[edit]