List of ethnolinguistic regions of South Asia

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The following list is a list of ethnolinguistic regions of South Asia. An ethnolinguistic region indicates a region of people that are united by a common language and ethnicity. South Asia is the southern region of the Asian continent, consisting mostly of the Indian subcontinent and sub-Himalayan countries, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The population of South Asia is about 1.749 billion, putting it as the most populated region in the world.[1] The region is very linguistically diverse, with India alone having over 780 languages. [2]

South Asian Language Families

Assam[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Assam Assamese Assamese people

Balochistan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Balochistan Balochi Baloch people

Baltistan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Baltistan Balti Balti people

Bengal (Bangla)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bengal (Bangla) Bengali Bengalis

Bhilistan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bhilistan Bhili Bhil people

Bodoland[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bodoland Bodo Bodo people

Chitral[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Chitral Khowar-Chitrali Kho people

Chittagong (Chattogram)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Chittagong (Chattogram) Chittagonian language Chittagonian people

Garhwal[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Garhwal Garhwali Garhwali people

Gujarat[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Gujarat Gujarati Gujarati people

Hazarajat[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Hazarajat Hazaragi Hazaras

Hindi-Urdu Desh (Hindustani Belt)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Hindi-Urdu Desh (Hindustani Belt) Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) Hindustani people

Subregions[edit]

Awadh[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Awadh Awadhi dialect Awadhis

Bagar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bagar Bagri dialect Bagri people

Bagelkhand[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bagelkhand Bagheli dialect Bagheli people

Bhojpur-Purvanchal[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bhojpur-Purvanchal Bhojpuri dialect Bhojpuri people

Braj (Brijbhoomi)[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Braj (Brijbhoomi) Braj Bhasha dialect Braji people

Bundelkhand[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bundelkhand Bundeli dialect Bundeli people

Chhattisgarh[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarhi dialect Chhattisgarhi people

Chota Nagpur[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Chota Nagpur Sadri (Nagpuri) dialect Nagpuri people

Dhundhar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Dhundhar Dhundari dialect Dhundari people

Hadoti[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Hadoti Harauti dialect Harauti people

Haryana[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Haryana Haryanvi dialect Haryanvi people

Kannauj[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Kannauj Kannauji dialect Kannauji people

Magadha[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Magadha Magahi dialect Magahi people

Malwa[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Malwa Malvi dialect Malvi people

Marwar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Marwar Marwari dialect Marwari people

Mewar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Mewar Mewari dialect Mewari people

Mewat[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Mewat Mewati dialect Mewati people

Nimar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Nimar Nimadi dialect Nimadi people

Rohilkhand[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Rohilkhand Rohilkhandi dialect Rohilkhandi people

Shekhawati[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Shekhawati Shekhawati dialect Shekhawati people

Tharparkar[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Tharparkar Dhatki dialect Dhatki (Thari) people

Indus Kohistan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Indus Kohistan (Abasin Kohistan) Indus Kohistani (Maiyã, Shuthun, Abasin Kohistani) Kohistani people

Jammu[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Jammu Dogri Dogra

Kalasha Desh[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kalasha Desh Kalasha-mun Kalash people

Karnataka[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Karnataka Kannada Kannada people

Kashmir[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kashmir Kashmiri Kashmiris

Kerala[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kerala Malayalam Malayali

Konkan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Konkan/Goa Konkani Konkani people

Kumaon[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kumaon Kumaoni Kumauni people

Kutch (Kachchh)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kutch (Kachchh) Kutchi Kutchi people

Ladakh[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Ladakh Ladakhi Ladakhi people

Maharashtra[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Maharashtra Marathi Marathi people

Mithila[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Mithila Maithili Maithils

Subregions[edit]

Anga[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Anga Angika

Note :- Some people consider Angika to be a dialect of Maithili while some others consider it to be a separate language.[3]

Bajjikanchal[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bajjikanchal[4] Bajjika

Note :- Some people consider Bajjika to be a dialect of Maithili while some others consider it to be a separate language.[5]

Kosi—Seemanchal[edit]

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Kosi—Seemanchal Thēthi dialect

Nuristan[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Nuristan Nuristani Nuristanis

Odisha[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Odisha Odia Odia people

Pashtunistan (Pakhtunkhwa)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Pashtunistan (Pakhtunkhwa) Pashto Pashtuns (Pathanis)

Punjab[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Punjab Punjabi and Punjabi dialects Punjabis

Sindh[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sindh Sindhi Sindhis

Sinhala[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sinhala (all regions of Sri Lanka
except the North and part of the East)
Sinhalese Sinhalese people

Sylhet[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sylhet Sylheti Sylhetis

Tamil Nadu[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Tamil Nadu, India and Northern Province, Sri Lanka Tamil Tamils

Telugu Desam (Telugu Nadu)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Telugu Desam-Telugu Nadu (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) Telugu Telugu people

Tulu Nadu (Tulu Nad)[edit]

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Tulu Nadu Tulu Tulu people

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision". web.archive.org. 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  2. ^ "freedom@70: Seven decades after Independence, many small languages in India face extinction threat - The Economic Times". web.archive.org. 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  3. ^ Mithilesh Kumar Jha 2017, p. 163.
  4. ^ Abhishek Kashyap 2014, p. 1.
  5. ^ Mithilesh Kumar Jha 2017.