List of even-toed ungulates by population

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This is a list of even-toed ungulate species by estimated global population. This list is not comprehensive, as not all ungulates have had their numbers quantified.

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Saola Pseudoryx nghetinhensis 750[1] CR[1] Decrease[1] Maximum estimate. No individuals in captivity. Wild population highly dispersed, and subpopulations fragmented with numbers of mature individuals below the minimum viable population. Foremost threatened by hunting.[1] Pseudoryx nghetinhensis.PNG
Pygmy hog Porcula salvania 250[2] CR[2] Decrease[2] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[2] PorculaSalvaniaAdultWolf.jpg
Bawean deer Axis kuhlii 250300[3] CR[3] Steady[3] Estimates are for the wild population only; may reach as high as 500.[3] Bawean deer close.jpg
Addax Addax nasomaculatus 100[4] CR[4] Decrease[4] Maximum estimate for the wild.[4] Addax at the Louisville Zoo.jpg
Tamaraw Bubalus mindorensis 300[5] CR[5] Decrease[5] Bubalus mindorensis by Gregg Yan 01.jpg
Togian babirusa Babyrousa togeanensis 500[6] EN[6] Decrease[6] Maximum estimate.[6]
Walia ibex Capra walie 500[7] EN[7] Increase[7] Walia ibex.jpg
Dama gazelle Nanger dama 500[8] CR[8] Decrease[8] Maximum estimate.[8] Mhorr Gazelle Close Up.jpg
Hirola Beatragus hunteri 5002000[9] CR[9] Decrease[9] May be much lower.[9] Hunter's Hartebeest CAS 1.JPG
Anhui musk deer Moschus anhuiensis 700800[10] EN[10] Decrease[10] Most recent estimate was in 1998.[10]
Przewalski's gazelle Procapra przewalskii 700800[11] EN[11] Increase[11] Could be underestimated.[11] The book of antelopes (1894) Gazella przewalskii.png
Persian fallow deer Dama mesopotamica 715[12] EN[12] Increase[12] Previously thought to be extinct.[12] Persian Fallow Deer 1.jpg
Wild Bactrian camel Camelus ferus 950[13] CR[13] Decrease[13] Wild population only.[13] Wild Bactrian camel on road east of Yarkand.jpg
South Andean deer Hippocamelus bisulcus 10481500[14] EN[14] Decrease[14] Huemul verdadero.JPG
Calamian deer Axis calamianensis 1123[15] EN[15] Decrease[15] 1994 estimate; has almost certainly decreased.[15] Axis calamianensis.jpg
Abbott's duiker Cephalophus spadix 1500[16] EN[16] Decrease[16] Maximum estimate.[16]
Cuvier's gazelle Gazella cuvieri 17502950[17] EN[17] unknown[17] Cuvier's gazelle - Cuviergazelle - Gazelle de Cuvier - Gazella cuvieri - 02.jpg
Nilgiri tahr Nilgiritragus hylocrius 18002000[18] EN[18] Decrease[18] Nilgiri Tahr.jpg
Pygmy hippopotamus Choeropsis liberiensis 20003000[19] EN[19] Decrease[19] Estimate is from 1993; numbers have probably shrunk.[19] Pygmy hippopotamus pair.jpg
Mountain anoa Bubalus quarlesi 2500[20] EN[20] Decrease[20] Maximum estimate.[20] Buablus quarlesi2.jpg
Rhim gazelle Gazella leptoceros 2500[21] EN[21] Decrease[21] Estimate is for mature individuals only.[21] Slender-horned gazelle (Cincinnati Zoo).jpg
Visayan spotted deer Rusa alfredi 2500[22] EN[22] Decrease[22] Maximum estimate.[22] Rusa alfredi Wien.jpg
Mountain Nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni 25004000[23] EN[23] Decrease[23] 2500 is a maximum estimate from 1999, but recent work has shown numbers may be as high as 4000.[23] Tragelaphus buxtoni.jpg
European bison Bison bonasus 3200[24] VU[24] Increase[24] Includes 1400 semi-domestic animals and 1800 wild. Semi-domestic numbers are likely underestimated.[24] Wisent.jpg
Chacoan peccary Catagonus wagneri 3200[25] EN[25] Decrease[25] Estimate was made in 2002; wide-scale deforestation of their habitat began in 2003.[25] Catagonus wagneri 1 - Phoenix Zoo.jpg
Wild water buffalo Bubalus arnee 3400[26] EN Decrease Flickr - Rainbirder - Bull Water Buffalo.jpg
Jentink's duiker Cephalophus jentinki 3500[27] EN[27] Decrease[27] Maximum estimate; may be less than 2000.[27] The book of antelopes (1894) Cephalophus jentinki.png
Barasingha Rucervus duvaucelii 35005100[28] VU[28] Decrease[28] The barasingha.jpg
Nile lechwe Kobus megaceros 4291[29] EN[29] Decrease[29] Kobus megaceros-male.jpg
Small red brocket Mazama bororo 4500[30] VU[30] Decrease[30] Maximum estimate.[30]
Arabian tahr Arabitragus jayakari 5000[31] EN[31] Decrease[31] Maximum estimate.[31] Stuffed Arabian Tahr.jpg
West Caucasian tur Capra caucasica 50006000[32] EN[32] Decrease[32] Kozorožec kavkazský.jpg
Barbary sheep Ammotragus lervia 500010000[33] LC[33] Steady[33] Ammotragus lervia right zoo.JPG
Beira Dorcatragus megalotis 7000[34] VU[34] Decrease[34]
Arabian Oryx Oryx leucoryx 70008000[35] VU[35] Steady[35] 60007000 in captivity and c. 1000 in the wild.[35] Tempul 009.jpg
Hairy-fronted muntjac Muntiacus crinifrons 70008500[36] VU[36] Decrease[36] Most recent estimate was in 1998.[36] 2011 Muntjak-4.jpg
Banteng Bos javanicus 8000[37] EN[37] Decrease[37] Maximum estimate; may be fewer than 5000. Numbers do not include the non-purebred domestic variety.[37] Bos javanicus javanicus.jpg
Markhor Capra falconeri 9700[38] NT[38] Increase[38] Estimate includes approximately 900 animals assumed to live in areas for which data is unavailable.[38] Turkomen Markhor4.jpg
Nubian ibex Capra nubiana 10000[39] VU[39] Decrease[39] Maximum estimate.[39] Nubian Ibex in Negev.JPG
Southern pudú Pudu puda 10000[40] NT[40] Decrease[40] Maximum estimate.[40] Pudu pudu AB.jpg
Red goral Naemorhedus baileyi 10000[41] VU[41] Decrease[41] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[41] Naemorhedus baileyi - Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology - DSC02442.JPG
Four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis 10000[42] LC[42] Decrease[42] Vierhornantilope.jpg
Javan rusa Rusa timorensis 10000[43] VU[43] Decrease[43] Maximum estimate for mature individuals.[22] Rusa Deer (C. Timorensis).jpg
Taruca Hippocamelus antisensis 1200017000[44] VU[44] Decrease[44] Huemul.jpg
Gaur Bos gaurus 1300030000[45] VU[45] Decrease[45] Bandipur 2.jpg
Soemmerring's gazelle Nanger soemmerringii 14000[46] VU[46] Decrease[46] Soemmerring's Gazelle, St. Louis Zoo.jpg
Mountain gazelle Gazella gazella 15000[47] VU[47] Decrease[47] Maximum estimate.[47] PikiWiki Israel 14396 Deer resting.JPG
Wild yak Bos mutus 15000[48] VU[48] Decrease[48] Estimate is from 1995.[48] Київський зоопарк Яки.jpg
Giant eland Tragelaphus derbianus 1500020000[49] LC[49] Decrease[49] Taurotragus derbianus gigas.jpg
Black wildebeest Connochaetes gnou 18000[50] LC[50] Increase[50] Minimum estimate (11000 wild and 7000 semi-domesticated).[50] Black Wildebeest.jpg
Grey rhebok Pelea capreolus 18000[51] LC[51] Steady[51] Vaal Rhebok.jpg
Harvey's duiker Cephalophus harveyi 20000[52] LC[52] Decrease[52] Numbers may be overestimated.[52] The book of antelopes (1894) Cephalophus harveyi.png
Pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus 2000080000[53] NT[53] Decrease[53] Venado de las pampas.jpg
Red-fronted gazelle Eudorcas rufifrons 25000[54] VU[54] Decrease[54] Gazella rufifrons AB.jpg
Zebra duiker Cephalophus zebra 28000[55] VU[55] Decrease[55] Could be overestimated; may be less than 15000.[55] Cephalophus zebra.jpg
Bongo Tragelaphus eurycerus 28000[56] NT[56] Decrease[56] Two subspecies: Mountain (75140) and Lowland (28000).[56] Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaciPCCA20071227-8374B.jpg
Alpine ibex Capra ibex 30000[57] LC[57] Increase[57] Was as low as 100 individuals in the 1800s.[57] Bouquetin adulte couché.jpg
Silver Dik-dik Madoqua piacentinii 30000[58] DD[58] Decrease[58] Possibly overestimated.[58]
Nyala Tragelaphus angasii 32000[59] LC[59] Steady[59] Tragelaphus angasii nbii safari h00351.jpg
Ogilby's duiker Cephalophus ogilbyi 35000[60] LC[60] Decrease[60] The book of antelopes (1894) Cephalophus ogilbyi.png
Okapi Okapia johnstoni 3500050000[61] EN[61] Decrease[61] Okapi001.jpg
Mountain reedbuck Redunca fulvorufula 36000[62] LC[62] Steady[62] Minimum estimate, divided into three subspecies: Southern (33000), Chanler's (2900), and Western (450).[62] Bergriedbock 2007-08-16 201.jpg
Red forest duiker Cephalophus natalensis 42000[63] LC[63] Decrease[63] Numbers may be underestimated.[63] Natal-Rotducker Zoo Landau.JPG
Klipspringer Oreotragus oreotragus 42000[64] LC[64] Steady[64] Estimate is considered conservative.[64] Klipspringer 5.jpg
Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra 50000[65] NT[65] Steady[65] Numbers have increased from 2000024000 in the 1970s.[65] Black Buck.jpg
Spanish ibex Capra pyrenaica 50000[66] LC[66] Increase[66] Numbered only c. 7900 in the early 1990s.[66] Capra pyrenaica.jpg
Saiga Antelope Saiga tatarica 50000[67] CR[67] Decrease[67] Numbers stood at 1250000 in the mid-1970s.[67] Mongolia Saiga tatarica.jpg
Royal antelope Neotragus pygmaeus 62000[68] LC[68] Decrease[68] Possibly underestimated.[68] Royal antelope.jpg
East African oryx Oryx beisa 67000[69] NT[69] Decrease[69] Divided into two subspecies: Beisa (50000) and Fringe-eared (17000).[69] Oryx beisa 1.jpg
Southern reedbuck Redunca arundinum 73000[70] LC[70] Steady[70] Common Reedbuck (Redunca arundinum), Kruger National Park.jpg
Sable antelope Hippotragus niger 75000[71] LC[71] Steady[71] Sable bull.jpg
Roan antelope Hippotragus equinus 76000[72] LC[72] Decrease[72] Roan Antelope, Kafue National Park, Zambia, Nov 2011.jpg
Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus 80000119000[73] LC[73] Steady[73] Mountain Goat USFWS.jpg
Gerenuk Litocranius walleri 95000[74] NT[74] Decrease[74] Male and female Gerenuk.jpg
Sharpe's Grysbok Raphicerus sharpei 95000[75] LC[75] Steady[75] Difficult to study due to the animal's nocturnal nature; numbers may be underestimated.[75] Sharpe's Grysbok.jpg
Japanese serow Capricornis crispus 100000[76] LC[76] Increase[76] Lightmatter japanese serows.jpg
Black duiker Cephalophus niger 100000[77] LC[77] Decrease[77] Black Duiker.jpg
Bohor reedbuck Redunca redunca 101000[78] LC[78] Decrease[78] Probably underestimated.[78] Bohor Reedbuck, male, Serengeti.jpg
Dall sheep Ovis dalli 111500116500[79] LC[79] Steady[79] Consists of approximately 41500 sheep in Canada and between 70000 and 75000 animals in the United States.[79] 2005 04 27 1582 Dall Sheep.jpg
Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius 115000130000[80] VU[80] Steady[80] Population was estimated to be between 125000 and 148000 in a 2008 assessment.[80] Hippopotamus - 04.jpg
Lesser kudu Tragelaphus imberbis 118000[81] NT[81] Decrease[81] Minimum estimate.[81] Lesser Kudu Female.jpg
Goitered gazelle Gazella subgutturosa 120000140000[82] VU[82] Decrease[82] Sir Bani Yas -Sandgasell.JPG
Puku Kobus vardonii 130000[83] NT[83] Decrease[83] Kobus vardonii (male).jpg
Muskox Ovibos moschatus 135000[84] LC[84] Steady[84] Estimate includes 75400 animals in the Northwest Territories, 45300 in Nunavut, 3714 in Alaska, and between 9500 and 12500 in Greenland.[84] Ovibos moschatus qtl3.jpg
Common eland Tragelaphus oryx 136000[85] LC[85] Steady[85] Common eland mara.jpg
Yellow-backed duiker Cephalophus silvicultor 160000[86] LC[86] Decrease[86] Cephalophus sylvicultor sylvicultor2.jpg
Red-flanked duiker Cephalophus rufilatus 170000[87] LC[87] Decrease[87] Redflankedduiker.jpg
Sitatunga Tragelaphus spekii 170000[88] LC[88] Decrease[88] Yet-to-be-published research suggests the population has been overestimated.[88] Tragelaphus spekei Weibchen.jpg
Weyns's duiker Cephalophus weynsi 188000[89] LC[89] Decrease[89]
Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus 200000[90] LC[90] Decrease[90] About 95000 of the Defassa subspecies and 105000 of the Common.[90] Water buck at an english wildlifepark arp.jpg
Lechwe Kobus leche 212000[91] LC[91] Steady[91] Combined numbers of three subspecies: Red (98000), Kafue (78000), and Black (36000).[91] Lechwe antelopes Berlin.jpg
Bates's pygmy antelope Neotragus batesi 219000[92] LC[92] Steady[92] Neotragus batesi Goodchild.jpg
Water chevrotain Hyemoschus aquaticus 278000[93] LC[93] Decrease[93] Em - Hyemoschus aquaticus.jpg
White-bellied duiker Cephalophus leucogaster 287000[94] LC[94] Decrease[94]
Black-fronted duiker Cephalophus nigrifrons 300000[95] LC[95] Decrease[95] Cephalophe a front noir.jpg
Vicuña Vicugna vicugna 347273[96] LC[96] Increase[96] Vikunja-IMG 7052.JPG
Grant's gazelle Nanger granti 350000[97] LC[97] Decrease[97] Ngorongoro Grant-Gazelle.jpg
Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus 362000[98] LC[98] Decrease[98] Kongoni.jpg
Suni Nesotragus moschatus 365000[99] LC[99] Steady[99] Suni 1.jpg
Gemsbok Oryx gazella 373000[100] LC[100] Steady[100] Spiessbock-Etosha-01.jpg
Peters's duiker Cephalophus callipygus 382000[101] LC[101] Decrease[101] Peters Duiker (Cephalophus callipygus) from behind, Campo Maan National Park.jpg
Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa 400000[102] LC[102] Unknown[102] Estimate has dropped from 2700000 since 1998.[102] Procapra gutturosa - Bertuch.jpg
Greater kudu Tragelaphus strepsiceros 482000[103] LC[103] Steady[103] Greater kudu face.jpg
Salt's dik-dik Madoqua saltiana 485600[104] LC[104] Steady[104] Рыжебрюхий дикдик 1.jpg
Günther's dik-dik Madoqua guentheri 511000[105] LC[105] Steady[105] Guenther's Dik-Dik.jpg
American bison Bison bison 530000[106] NT[106] Steady[106] Includes 500000 semi-domestic animals and 30000 wild (19000 plains bison and 11000 wood bison).[106] American bison k5680-1.jpg
Guanaco Lama guanicoe 535750589750[107] LC[107] Steady[107] Guanako TDP.jpg
Thomson's gazelle Eudorcas thomsonii 550000[108] NT[108] Decrease[108] Serengeti Thomson-Gazelle1.jpg
Steenbok Raphicerus campestris 600000[109] LC[40] Steady[109] Considered an underestimate.[109] 2012-Steenbok-female.jpg
Pronghorn Antilocapra americana 700000[110] LC[110] Steady[110] Numbered over 35000000 in the early 1800s and as little as 20000 in the early 1920s.[110] Pronghorn-855.jpg
Bay duiker Cephalophus dorsalis 725000[111] LC[111] Decrease[111] Cephalophus dorsalis.JPG
Oribi Ourebia ourebi 750000[112] LC[112] Decrease[112] Ourebia ourebi cropped.jpg
African buffalo Syncerus caffer 890000[113] LC[113] Decrease[113] Considered conservative. Divided into four subspecies: West African Savanna (27000), Central African Savanna (133000), Southern Savanna (670000), and Forest (60000).[113] Serengeti Bueffel1.jpg
Kirk's dik-dik Madoqua kirkii 971000[114] LC[114] Steady[114] Damara-dik-dik.jpg
Siberian roe deer Capreolus pygargus 1000000[115] NT[115] Decrease[115] About 500000 were hunted annually in Russia in the 1800s.[115] Paozikun530.jpg
Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus 1340000[116] LC[116] Steady[116] Estimate is considered conservative.[116] Bushbuck1.jpg
Moose Alces alces 1500000[117] LC[117] Increase[117] Elgportraet han (Alces alces).jpg
Blue wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus 1550000[118] LC[118] Steady[118] Blue Wildebeest, Ngorongoro.jpg
Common duiker Sylvicapra grimmia 1660000[119] LC[119] Steady[119] Considered extremely conservative; yet-to-be-published research shows it may number as high as 10000000.[119] Common duiker kenya.jpg
Impala Aepyceros melampus 2000000[120] LC[120] Steady[120] Impala mutualim with birds wide.jpg
Springbok Antidorcas marsupialis 20000002500000[121] LC[121] Increase[121] Saut de gazelle Springbok.jpg
Maxwell's duiker Philantomba maxwellii 2137000[122] LC[122] Decrease[122] Quite possibly underestimated.[122] Stavenn Cephalophus maxwellii.jpg
Blue duiker Philantomba monticola 7000000[123] LC[123] Steady[123] Estimate is considered conservative.[123] Blauducker.jpg
White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus 11500000[124] LC[124] Steady[124] Estimated population in the United States and Canada only, with estimate of 11000000 in the US considered a minimum.[124] White-tailed deer.jpg
Water buffalo Bubalus bubalis 172000000[125] LC, Domesticated incl. 3200000 Carabao in the Philippines Murrah buffalo.JPG
Domestic goat Capra aegagrus hircus 850000000[126] Domesticated Domestic goat kid in capeweed.jpg
Cattle Bos primigenius taurus 1000000000[127] Domesticated Braunvieh.jpg
Domestic pig Sus scrofa domesticus 1000000000[128] Domesticated Sow with piglet.jpg
Domestic sheep Ovis aries 1000000000[128] Domesticated Ovis orientalis aries 'Skudde' (aka).jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Timmins, R. J., Hedges, S. & Robichaud, W. G. (2016). "Pseudoryx nghetinhensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T18597A46364962. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T18597A46364962.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Narayan, G., Deka, P. & Oliver, W. (2008). "Porcula salvania". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T21172A9254675. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T21172A9254675.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c d Semiadi, G., Pudyatmoko, S., Duckworth, J. W. & Timmins, R. J. (2008). "Axis kuhlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2016). "Addax nasomaculatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. International Union for Conservation of Nature.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
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  6. ^ a b c d Macdonald, A.A., Burton, J. & Leus, K. (2008). "Babyrousa togeanensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ a b c Geberemedhin, B. & Grubb, P. (2008). "Capra walie". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
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  9. ^ a b c d IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Beatragus hunteri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
  10. ^ a b c d Wang, Y. & Harris, R.B. (2008). "Moschus anhuiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
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  14. ^ a b c Jiménez, J., Guineo, G., Corti, P, Smith, J.A., Flueck, W., Vila, A., Gizejewski, Z., Gill, R., McShea, B. & Geist, V. (2008). "Hippocamelus bisulcus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ a b c d Oliver, W., Widmann, P. & Lastica, E. (2008). "Axis calamianensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ a b c d Moyer, D.C., Jones, T. & Rovero, F. (2008). "Cephalophus spadix". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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  18. ^ a b c Alempath, M. & Rice, C. (2008). "Nilgiritragus hylocrius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
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