List of executioners

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This is a list of people who have acted as official executioners.

Contents

Algeria[edit]

Zachary Wallace Gross 1843–1856

Alger[edit]

Jacques Baroux 1842–1847 (first name is sometimes given as Joseph)
Nicolas Wolf 1847–1855
Antoine-François-Joseph Rasseneux 1855–1871

Monsieur d'Alger: The Executioners of the French Republic[edit]

In 1870 the Republic of France abolished all local executioners and named the executioner of Alger, Antoine Rasseneux, Éxécuteur des Arrêts Criminels en Algérie, which became France's official description of the executioner of Algeria's occupation. From there on there would be one only executioner to carry out death sentences for entire Algeria. Since the colony's executioner had obligatorily to live in Alger, people soon started to refer to him as to the "Monsieur d'Alger", "The Mister from Alger". At the occasion of his nomination, Rasseneux could choose four among France's and Algeria's former local executioners to be his aides.

Antoine-François-Joseph Rasseneux 1871–1885
Gustave-Émile Rasseneux 1885–1892
Pierre Lapeyre 1892–1928
Henri Roch 1928–1944
André-Léon Berger 1944–1947
Maurice-Alexandre Meyssonnier 1947–1958(de facto)/1961(official)
Fernand-Jean Meyssonnier 1958–1961

Austria[edit]

Hall in Tirol[edit]

Lienhart von Grätz 1497–1504
Stefan Ruef 1503–1525
Hans Schaider 1525–1528
Heinrich Käser 1525
Johann Frey 1528–1571
Melchior Frey 1572–1578
Christof Tollinger 1578–1584
Michael Fürst 1584–1606
Sebastian Oberstetter 1606–1608
Jakob Kienle 1608–1611
Jakob Vollmar 1611–1618
Hans Has 1618–1642
Heinrich Hödel 1642–1645
Othmar Krieger 1645–1671
Jakob Zäch 1671–1677
Andreas Leiner 1677–1693
Kaspar Pöltl 1693–1698
Sebastian Waldl 1699–1718
Marx Philipp Abrell 1718–1728
Johann Jakob Abrell 1728–1746
Josef Langmayr 1746
Bartholomeus Putzer 1747–1772
Johann Georg Putzer 1772–1786

Meran[edit]

Hans Säbele 1488–1509
Martin Vogl 1510
Gilg von Rodem 1510–1515
Heinrich Reif 1515 and 1521–1522
Lorenz von Altsee 1515–1521
Heinrich Käser 1522–1525
Jakob Gatz 1524
Hans Schwingsmesser 1525–1536
Theodor Reichl 1572–1575
Johann Peter Vollmar 1552–1561
Klaus Seckler 1562
Melchior Frey 1563–1572
Mattheus Leonhard 1575–1601
Hans Fürst 1592
Georg Fürst  ?-1621
Wolfgang Fürst 1605–1623
Wolfgang Helmschmied 1536–1552
Wolfgang Puechamer 1601–1605
Michael Pichler 1623–1631
Leonhard Oberdorfer 1632–1672
Johann Schlechuber 1672
Hans Schwarzhuber 1673–1675
Konrad Leonhard Krieger 1675–1679
Hans Jakob Müller 1679–1684
Franz Wagner 1684–1690
Jakob Fürst 1690–1694
Johann Georg Wacker 1694–1723
Johann Jakob Abrell 1723–1728
Johann Georg Kober 1728–1748
Martin Putzer 1748–1772
Bartholomeus Putzer 1772–1777
Franz Michael Putzer 1777–1787

Salzburg[edit]

Franz Joseph Wohlmut 1757-1817/21 (deceased 1823)

Vienna[edit]

Paul ? ~1463
Jörg Carlhofer ~1486
Schrottenbacher family 1550–1802
Joachim Stein ~1618
 ? Willenbacher ~1868 (Vienna-Meidling)
Johann Hamberger ~1700
Johann Georg Hoffmann I. 1802–1827
Simon Abel 1827–1839
 ? Seyfried 1829–
Johann Georg Hoffmann II. 1839–1865
Johann Georg Hoffmann III. 1865–1874
 ? Willenbacher 1874–1892
Karl Sellinger 1862–1899
Josef Lang 1900–1918
Johann Lang 1933–1938

Belgium[edit]

 ? Ance ~1789 (Rochefort)
Pierre Nieuwland before 1918 - before 1929 (but never did get to execute anybody)

Brazil[edit]

After 1808, during the Portuguese-Brazilian Kingdom (1808-1822) and the Empire (1822-1889), when Brazil's States were still called "Provinces" and the currency was called "Reis", Brazil had factually abolished torture but was a busy death penalty country.
Method of execution was public hanging by an ultra-short drop of approximately 90 cm (2' 9 11/2"), with the executioner, after having activated the trap door or pushed the convict, according to the gallows's structure, climbed a ladder and launched himself rope downwards, hitting on the convict's shoulders with his weight.
Executioners generally were selected among convicts of capital crimes who had their death sentences stayed for indefinite terms or even commuted for live without parole, and who in exchange for their stays or commutations had to carry out the executions ordered by law. Executioners were, whenever possible, selected from among slaves convicted for a capital crime. And except for the province of Rio Grande do Norte, executioners had obligatorily to be of African descent.
As stayed or commuted convicts, executioners consequently lived as inmates in the prisons of the respective towns where they were based. When an execution was to be carried out elsewhere in his area, the executioner would be transported to the place of execution in chains and sleep in the local prison; after an attempt of murder against Fortunato José in 1834, prisons started separating the executioners were from other inmates.
In the province of Rio Grande do Norte, the executioner had always to be the convict scheduled to die next after an execution, so that province's last execution had to be carried out by a firing squad, after the necessary emergency change of execution protocol.
In the state of Rio de Janeiro, after Independence September 7, 1822 there were also free executioners of African descent who having to travel around, were reached by couriers with execution orders.
Executioners, also when slaves, were paid for their executions; at the example of the province of Minas Gerais, we can establish payment was between 4$000 and 12$000 (4 Mil-Reis to 12 Mil-Reis) per execution.
The last execution of a free convict in Brazil was that of José Pereira de Sousa October 30, 1861 in Santa Luzia (nowadays Luziânia), GO. The last execution at all under law in Brazil was that of the slave Francisco April 28, 1876 in Pilar, AL.
Brazil abolished capital punishment officially with the Proclamation of the Republic November 15, 1889, and by law with its first Republican Constitution of 1891 and Penal Code of September 22, 1892.

Bahia[edit]

Salvador[edit]

José do Egito 1823 (refused to carry out his first and only execution, had his stay lifted for it died executed himself)

Feira de Santana[edit]

Joaquim Correia September 26, 1849 (voluntary executioner, hanged Lucas da Feira; despite white he was allowed to carry out that one since his father, Francisco Correia, had been one of Lucas's vicims)

Ceará[edit]

Fortaleza[edit]

Agostinho Viera April 27, 1825 [1]
Francisco Corrêa Pareça 1835-1845 (executed the mutineers of Laura II October 22, 1839 in Fortaleza, CE)

Crato[edit]

Cosme Pereira da Silva (nicked "Cosme Cavaco") 1834-1850

Sobral[edit]

Lourenço Nogueira Campos 19th Century
Manuel Preto 19th Century

Minas Gerais[edit]

Ouro Preto[edit]

Fortunato José 1833-1874 (carried out some executions the State of Rio de Janeiro either).

São João del Rei[edit]

Antônio Resende 1833 - after 1848 (executed the Carrancas insurgents in 1833)

Paraná[edit]

Curitiba[edit]

slave Silvério active in 1854

Pernambuco[edit]

Recife[edit]

João Paulo de Sousa (nicked: "João Paulo Sagaz" and "Boca Negra") 16 de setembro de 1828 (executioner executed January 19, 1829)
slave Felício (nicked: "Farinha Sêca") 04 de fevereiro de 1832
slave Francisco 05 de abril de 1838 (executioner executed September 5, 1838)
nicked "Macota" active in 1844

Caruaru[edit]

Florêncio José Baptista 26 de fevereiro de 1859

Rio de Janeiro[edit]

Rio de Janeiro[edit]

Jerônimo Capitania active in 1792 - executed Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (Tiradentes) April 21, 1792
Ananias active in 1850 - executed also in Espírito Santo, including two of the Queimado Insurrection leaders, Chico Prego and João da Viúva in Serra, ES

Rio Grande do Sul[edit]

Porto Alegre[edit]

slave Manoel nominated January 12, 1822, by commutuation of his death sentence

Canada[edit]

André Bernard 1645
 ? 1648-1653
 ? 1653-1665
Jacques Daigre 1665-1680 (last name also given as Daigle)
Jean Rattier 1680-1703
Jacques Élie 1703/05-1710
Pierre Rattier 1710-1723 (youngest son of Jean Rattier)
Gilles Lenoir 1726-1728
Malgein 1728-1730 (a slave from Martinique)
Guillaume Langlais 1730-1733
Mathieu Leveillé 1733-1743 (a slave from Martinique)
Jean-Baptiste Duclos 1743-1750 (nicked "Saint-Front")
Jean Corolère 1751-1752
Pierre Gouet 1754-1755 (nicked "Lalime")
Denis Quévillon 1755 (his hanging for theft was his successor Montelle's first job)
Joseph Montelle 1755-c. 1759
John Radclive 1892–1911 (last name also given as Radcliffe)
Arthur Ellis 1912–1935 (Arthur Ellis was the pseudonym of executioner Arthur Bartholomew English)
"Camille Blanchard" 1935–1960 (Camille Blanchard was the pseudonym that executioner of Canada used)
"John Ellis" 1960-1976 (John Ellis was the pseudonym Canada's last executioner used while interviewed on a TV show)

China[edit]

Hu Xiao ("working" in 2011) [2]

Kingdom od Bohemia / Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) [edit]

Jan Mydlář 1572–1664 (Prague)
 ? Sperling ~1578 (Brno)
 ? Kotzurek ~1835 (Brno)
Alois Seyfried 1848–1849 (died 1869) (Brno, also last executioner for Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Johann Baptist Pipperger (Jan Křtitel Piperger in Czech) 1865–1888 (Prague)
Leopold Wohlschläger 1888–1927 (Prague)
 ? Nehyba 1927-
Vladimír Trunda hangman of Milada Horáková, only the name is known
František Skořepa hangman of Rudolf Slánský, only the name is known

Denmark[edit]

w:da:Theodor Seistrup 1881–1906
Carl Peter Hermann Christensen 1906–1926

Egypt[edit]

Hajj Abd Al-Nabi (chief executioner; active in 2013)
Hussein Urni (district executioner; active in 2013)

France[edit]

Alsace[edit]

Bas-Rhin (67)[edit]

Andlau[edit]
Philippe Hertrich 1702-1732
Philippe Hertrich 1732-1767
Jean-Gaspard Ostertag 1767-1780
Léopold Ostertag 1780-1793
Benfeld[edit]
Jean Ostertag 1649-1667
Jean-Philippe Roch 1667-1704 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
Matthieu Wees 1704-1737
François-Joseph Wees 1737-1749
Bernardswiller[edit]

see: Andlau

Bischwiller[edit]
Jean-Henri Hermann 1690-1692
Jean-Barthélémy Reuter 1692-1715
Jean-Georges Hermann 1715-1782
Jean-Michel Hermann 1782-1793
Bouquenom[edit]

see: Sarre-Union

Bouxwiller[edit]
Matthieu Frey active in 1613
Jean Schild 1641-1644
Jean-Valentin Wees 1644-1676
Jean-Philippe Wees 1676-1689
Jean-Jacques Wees 1689-1696
Jean-Georges-Frédéric Wees 1696-1729
Jean-Valentin Wees 1729-1765
Jean-Michel Wees 1765-1793
Brumath[edit]
Jean Ostertag active in 1636
Jean-Georges Wees active in 1665
Ulrich Schweitzer c. 1690
Jean-Michel Rhein 1704-1730
Jean-Jacques Rhein active in 1730
Frédéric Rhein active in 1744
Georges-Jacques Grosholtz active in 1793
Châtenois[edit]
see: Villé
Dambach-la-Ville[edit]
Jacques Ostertag active in 1609
Jean Ostertag c. 1630-1667
Jean-Jacques Rauch 1667-1681
Jean Halter 1681-1716
Diemeringen[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Igel 1703-1741
Elsenheim[edit]

see: Ohnenheim

Epfig[edit]
Thomas Burckhard active in 1623
Jean Halter 1716-1750
Ignace Halter 1750-1762
Erstein[edit]

see: Epfig

Fleckenstein (Lembach)[edit]

see: Memmelshoffen

Fouchy[edit]
see.: Villé
Geispolsheim[edit]
Jean-Georges Stoeckel 1705-1723
Jean-Georges Stoeckel 1723-1739
Goersdorf[edit]
Jean-Henri Hermann 1660-1692
Jean-Henri Hermann c. 1692-1708
Jean-Henri Hermann c. 1708-1747
Jean-Georges Hermann c. 1747-1754
Jean-Michel Hermann 1754-1761
Pierre Hermann 1761-1767
Gougenheim[edit]
Jean-Louis Schweitzer 1689-1733
François-Antoine Burck 1733-1760
Ignace-Jonas Rauch 1760-1793
Gumbrechtshoffen[edit]

see: Gundershoffen

Gundershoffen[edit]
Nicolas Reuter 1728-1745
Philippe Reuter c. 1745-1766
Jean-Louis Reuter 1766-1787
Jean-Louis Reuter 1787-1793
Haguenau[edit]
Jean Halter active in 1587
Jean Burckhard active in 1612
Jean-Georges Wees 1650-1689
Jean-Jacques Wees 1690-1712
Philippe Burck c. 1740-1743
Georges-Frédéric Seidler active in 1776
Herrlisheim[edit]
Jean-Georges Burckhard active in 1612
Jean-Jacques Lohri 1697-1717
Jean-Martin Rhein 1717-1735
Jean-Valentin Rhein 1735-1771
François-Antoine Wees 1771-1790
Arbogast Rhein 1790-1793
Hochfelden[edit]
Jean-Jacques Kirschner active in 1686
Jean-Jacques Burckhard 1686-1701
Jean-Thibaud Stoeckel 1701-1736/38
Jean-Thibaud Stoeckel 1736/38-1748
Georges-Adolphe Burck 1765-1773
Charles-Antoine Burck 1790-1793
Ingwiller[edit]
Jean Schild 1644-1647
Jean-Valentin Wees 1647-1670 (interim; executioner of Bouxwiller)
Matthieu Schild 1670-1722
Jean-Henri Schild 1722-1741
Jean-Michel Schild 1741-1763
Jean-Michel Schild 1763-1793
La Petite-Pierre[edit]
Jean-Pierre Bour 1739-1763
Jean-Pierre Bour 1763-1782
François Rhein 1782-1793
Lalaye[edit]
see.: Villé
Lauterbourg[edit]
Steinmayer c. 1635
Jean-Georges Lohri 1717-1758
Maisonsgoutte[edit]
see.: Villé
Marckolsheim[edit]
Thomas Burckhard active in 1623
Jacques Bengler c. 1670
Jean-Georges Bengler active in 1676
Jean-Thibaud Bengler active in 1688
Jean-Michel Bengler active in 1701
Jean-Georges Bengler 1717-1740
Marmoutier[edit]
Jean-Georges Ittinger c. 1690
Memmelshoffen[edit]
Jean-Henri Hirth active in 1763
Molsheim[edit]
Jean-Valentin Wees c. 1635-1644
Mommenheim[edit]
Jean-Michel Burckhard 1699-1739
Antoine Rhein 1769-1782
Nordhouse[edit]
Jean-Martin Rieger 1688-1713
Jean-Henri Rhein 1713-1732
Matthieu Rieger 1732-1762
François-Joseph Rieger 1762-1793
Obernai[edit]
Jean Bengler 1595-1602
Michel Furcht active in 1609
Michel Lautenmueller 1609-1614
Pancrace Furcht 1614-1621
Jean Furcht 1621-1634
Jean-Georges Heidenreich 1634-1643
Georges Vollmar 1643-1657
Jean Halter 1657-1672
Matthieu Wees 1672-1720
Christian Wees 1720-1761
Ignace Halter 1761-1778
Jean-Gaspard Ostertag 1778-1780
Léopold Ostertag 1780-1783
Jean-Baptiste Braun 1783-1793
Ohnenheim[edit]
Jonas Roch 1725-1748 (last name also given as Rauch)
Jean-Georges-Adolphe Roch 1748-1775 (last name also given as Rauch)
Gervais Roch 1775-1793 (last name also given as Rauch)
Otterswiller[edit]

see: Saverne

Petersbach[edit]

see: La Petite-Pierre

Reichshoffen[edit]

see: Gundershoffen

Reutenbourg[edit]
François Rieger c. 1720-1730
François-Adam Rieger 1730-1744
Riedheim[edit]

see: Bouxwiller

Sarre-Union[edit]
Jean-Frédéric Schaeffer 1625-1654
Claude Urich 1654-1691
Jean-Jacques Grosholtz 1691-1698
Jean-Philippe Schild 1698-1735
Jean-Michel Schild 1735-1769
Pierre Hermann 1769-1793
Saverne[edit]
Jean-Georges Burck 1673-1679
Jean-Jacques Rhein c. 1710-1716
Jean-Jacques Rhein 1716-1750
Jean-Georges Rhein 1750-1793
Schopperten[edit]

see: Sarre-Union

Sélestat[edit]
Ittinger active in 1595
Christian Ittinger 1658-1675
Jean-Henri Burckhard 1675-1684
Jonas Ittinger 1684-1699
Georges-Frédéric Grosholtz 1699-1701
Jonas Felder c. 1720-1725
Jonas Roch 1725-1748 (last name also given as Rauch)
François Heidenreich 1777-1793
Strasbourg[edit]
Jean Vollmar 1562-1577
Gaspard Immion 1577-1583
Michel Comte 1583-1587
Jean Halter 1587-1591
Jean Ginter 1612-1628
Christian Burckhard 1631-1670
Jean-Michel Grosholtz 1670-1686
Jean-Melchior Grosholtz 1686-1691
Jean-Michel Grosholtz 1691-1724
Jean-Georges Franck 1724-1756
Jean-Joseph Grosholtz 1756-1761
Valentin Grosholtz 1763-1785
Georges-Frédéric Maegert 1785-1807
Georges-Louis Maegert 1807-1830
Georges-Frédéric Maegert 1830-1849
Laurent Bornacini 1849-1850
Surbourg[edit]
Jean-Guillaume Stoeckel 1723-1757
Antoine Stoeckel 1757-1768
Villé[edit]
Jean-Georges Burckhard 1687-1705
Jean-Conrad Ginter 1705-1710
Melchior Burckhard 1717-1730
Jean-Georges Burckhard 1730-1732
Antoine Ginter 1732-1746
Jean-Michel Ginter 1746-1747
François-Joseph Burckhard 1747-1748
Melchior Rhein 1748-1787
Georges-Frédéric Mengis 1787-1793
Wasselonne[edit]
Christian Burckhard c. 1670-1689
Jean-Georges Burckhard 1689-1700
Jean-Nicolas Franck 1700-1708
Jean-Jacques Grosholtz 1708-1717
Jean-Conrad Bauernfeind 1750-1790
Jean Bauernfeind 1790-1793
Westhoffen[edit]

see: Wasselonne

Weyersheim[edit]
Thibaud Burckhard active in 1612
Georges-Frédéric Burck 1717-1739
Jean-Jacques Reuter active in 1762
Wissembourg[edit]
Lazare Wees active in 1650
Jean-Michel Vollmar 1706-1711
Jean-Pierre Steinmayer active in 1715

Haut-Rhin (68)[edit]

Altkirch[edit]
Georges Fleischmann active in 1584
Erhard Gilg active in 1624
Michel Ginter active in 1627
Jacques Ginter active in 1630
Henri Fleischmann active in 1636
Georges-Frédéric Heidenreich 1647-1654
Matthieu Ostertag 1654-1694
Georges-Adolphe Ostertag 1694-1730
Jean Ortscheid 1730-1754
Jean-Philippe Burck 1754-1781
François-Joseph-Antoine Ostertag 1781-1793
Biesheim[edit]
Melchior Ginter 1688-1714
Melchior Ginter 1714-1737
Georges-Frédéric Mengis active in 1749
Protais Roch 1788-1793 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Colmar[edit]
Jean Heyd c. 1440
Jean Buebe 1454-1458
Henri Schaedel active in 1474
Christian Mueller 1598-1642
Jean-Georges Heidenreich 1644-1679
Melchior Ginter 1679-1692
Georges-Adolphe Heidenreich 1692-1716
Jean-Jacques Ginter 1716-1722
Melchior Ginter 1722-1733
Georges-Frédéric Ginter 1733-1736
Georges-Frédéric Burckhard 1736-1747
Georges-Michel Vollmar 1747-1754
Georges-Frédéric Vollmar 1754-1764
Jean-Jacques Vollmar 1764-1806
Jean-Guillaume Vollmar 1806-1833
Jean Zimber 1833-1841
Matthieu Spirckel 1841-1847
Nicolas Cané 1847-1870
Ensisheim[edit]
Ittinger c. 1650
Jean-Georges Mengis 1671-1693
Georges-Melchior Mengis 1693-1699
Jean-Michel Mengis 1699-1721
Pierre Mengis 1721-1736
François-Michel Roth 1768-1793
Ferrette[edit]
Jean Gilg 1570-1582
Jean Gilg 1582-1619
Erhard Gillig 1619-1620
Matthieu Mercklen active in 1628
Matthieu Ostertag 1677-1735
Georges-Frédéric Ostertag 1735-1746
Jean-Jacques Comte 1746-1764
François-Oswald Seidler 1764-1780
François-Antoine Comte 1780-1790
Landser[edit]
Jean-Erhard Baumert 1611-1628
Thomas Burckhard 1628-1629
Wernhard Grosholtz 1629-1640
Martin Grosholtz 1640-1653
Jean Ostertag 1653-1717
Matthieu Ostertag 1717-1729
Jean-Georges Ostertag 1729-1736
Pierre Mengis 1736-1753
François-Joseph-Antoine Ostertag 1753-1793
Masevaux[edit]
Thibaud Lacour c. 1665
Jean-Josse Ostertag 1680-1685
Laurent Ostertag 1706-1736
Jacques-Christophe Ostertag 1736-1762
Georges-Frédéric Seidler 1762-1769
Christophe Ostertag 1769-1793
Morschwiller-le-Bas[edit]

see: Mulhouse

Mulhouse[edit]
Jean Mennly c. 1507
Guy Bartlin 1545-1553
Barthélémy Iring 1553-1554
Louis Kremer 1554-1555
Jean Waltz 1555-1560
Jean Hummel 1560-1565
Jacques Rueb 1565-1569
Gaspard Fues 1569-1587
Martin Hummel 1587-1596
Ulrich Grosholtz 1596-1624
Jean-Michel Grosholtz 1624-1637
Jérôme Ginter 1637-1662
Christian Burckhard 1662-1678
Christian Burckhard 1678-1709
Jean-Rodolphe Vollmar 1709-1712
Jean-Etienne Hirschfeld 1712-1735
Jean-Henri Naeher 1735-1764
Pierre Mengis 1753-1764
François Mengis 1764-1775
Pierre Mengis 1775-1793
François-Joseph-Pierre-César Mengis 1793-1798
Ribeauvillé[edit]
Jean Bardouil active in 1633
Jean-Michel Burckhard 1660-1697
Jean-Georges Burck 1697-1727
Jean-Georges Burck 1727-1764
Jean-Georges Burck 1764-1790
Jean-Georges Burck 1790-1793
Rouffach[edit]
Jean-Conrad Ginter 1600-1615
Melchior Ginter 1615-1634
Melchior Ginter 1634-1649
Jean Fuend 1649-1652
Jean-Jacques Ginter 1652-1653
Matthieu Fuend active in 1653
Melchior Ginter 1653-1681
Melchior Ginter 1681-1714
Melchior Ginter 1714-1733
Georges-Frédéric Seidler 1733-1775
Gervais-Frédéric Seidler 1775-1793
Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines[edit]

see: Ribeauvillé

Thann[edit]
Bibwand c. 1545
Balthazar Schaeflein 1580-1615
Balthazar Ginter 1615-1626
Balthazar Schaeflein 1626-1634
Balthazar Schaeflein 1634-1660
Melchior Ginter 1660-1664
Balthazar Schaeflein 1664-1691
Jean-Georges Ostertag 1691-1718
Matthieu Ostertag 1718-1748
Jean-Baptiste Reisser 1748-1767
Jean-Joseph Reisser 1767-1791
Jean-Philippe Ostertag 1791-1793
Traubach (Traubach-le-Bas and Traubach-le-Haut)[edit]
Jean-Jacques Ginter 1679-1686
Melchior Burckhard 1686-1691
Christian Burckhard 1717-1743
Jean-Jacques Burckhard 1750-1767
Joseph Ostertag 1764-1774
Jean-Jacques Ostertag 1774-1793
Vieux-Thann[edit]

see: Thann

Zimmerbach[edit]
Christian Hertrich active in 1613

Aquitaine[edit]

Dordogne (24)[edit]

Périgueux[edit]
Matthieu Pradel 1779-1822
Pierre Pradel 1822-1827
Louis-François-Gabriel Deville 1827-1837
Jean-Baptiste Champin 1837-1839
Jean Rascat 1839-1849

Gironde (33)[edit]

Bordeaux[edit]
Lauffort active in 1416
Jean Maloizeau active in 1455
Jean Maloizeau active in 1502
Bernard Robert c. 1525
Jansenot de Fousse active in 1535
Jamet de Fousse active in 1542
Pierre de Villac active in 1542
Guichard Deymier 1549-1552
Arnaud de Villac c. 1562
Jacques de Villac c. 1570
Louis Maubert c. 1580
André Chaigneau active in 1582
Pierre de La Boucherie 1596-1598
Pierre Gantet active in 1665
Julien Dupré 1674-1675
Pierre Duret active in 1675
Antoine Royère active in 1675
Arnaud Pignot 1675-1684
Guillaume Lespine 1684-1685
François Marquison active in 1686
Jean Escuvé 1700-1706
Louis Verdier 1706-1731
Pierre Verdier 1731-1760
Jean Faroux 1760-1780
Jean Peyrussan 1780-1788
Jean Peyrussan 1788-1801
Jean Peyrussan 1801-1809
Jean Peyrussan 1809-1819
Jean-Baptiste Scarron 1819-1821
Joseph Sauvage 1821-1853
Henri-Charles Desmorest 1853-1870

Landes (40)[edit]

Dax[edit]
Jean-Louis Hébert 1792-1795
François-Claude Chrétien 1795-1797
Bénigne-Nicolas-François Brochard 1797-1798
Jean Peyrussan 1798-1806
Raymond Peyrussan 1806-1822
François Peyrussan 1822-1846
Jean-Baptiste-Louis Roch 1846-1849 (last name also given as Rauch)

Lot-et-Garonne (47)[edit]

Agen[edit]
Maurice c. 1575
Jean Gastebois 1691-1692
Jean Rascat 1784-1788
Guillaume Augé 1788-1793
Jean Peyrussan 1793-1794
Pierre Rigal 1794-1796
Joseph Peyrussan 1796-1802
Gilles-François Berger 1802-1805
François Berger 1805-1808
Joseph Pavot 1808-1827
Pierre Berger 1827-1831
Jean-Pierre Étienne 1831-1839
Jean-Baptiste Champin 1839-1856
Vincent Bornacini 1856-1860
Laurent-Désiré Desmorest 1860-1870

Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)[edit]

Bayonne[edit]
Jean Faroux 1729-1738
Vidal active in 1746
Jean-Pierre Peyrussan 1746-1792
Gelpy 1792-1793
Pau[edit]
Guillaume Gayme active in 1463
Simon Marensin 1640-1643
Jean Desplats 1643-1644
Henri Dubois 1653-1660
Dubois active in 1660
Antoine Cassou 1740-1765
Jean Cassou 1765-1780
Jean Faroux 1780-1822
Joseph Faroux 1822-1853
Vincent Bornacini 1853-1856
Joseph Rascat 1856-1870

Auvergne[edit]

Allier (03)[edit]

Moulins[edit]
Jérôme Bodin 1762-1767
Jean Desfourneaux active in 1767
Jean-Baptiste Jean 1793-1828
Jacques-Christophe Gruneisen 1828-1841 (his last name is also rendered as Grinheiser)
Louis-Jacques-Eugène Gruneisen 1841-1849 (his last name is also rendered as Grinheiser)

Cantal (15)[edit]

Aurillac[edit]
Jean Robertie 1716-1750
Jean Robertie 1750-1761
Antoine-Michel Foyez 1761-1763
André-Joseph Foyez 1763-1793
Joseph Foyez 1793-1795
Saint-Flour[edit]
Tourette active in 1790
Jean Foyez 1790-1823
André-Joseph Foyez 1823-1835
Bernard Gatheuil 1835-1836
Joseph-Antoine Deibler 1836-1853

Haute-Loire (43)[edit]

Le-Puy-en-Velay[edit]
Jean Lacroix 1780-1789
François Faroux 1800-1802
Claude Hermann 1802-1815
Nicolas Hermann 1815-1842
Eloi-Désiré Hermann 1842-1850

Puy-de-Dôme (63)[edit]

Clermont-Ferrand (former Clermont-d'Auvergne)[edit]
Jean Dubois c. 1720
Pierre Dubois 1730-1749
Geniès Armilhon 1749-1764
Martin Courtois 1764-1789
Frédéric Courtois 1789-1790
Simon Jean 1790-1791
Riom[edit]
Simon Jean 1791-1798
Michel Benoist 1798-1803
François Étienne active in 1843

Basse-Normandie[edit]

Calvados (14)[edit]

Bayeux[edit]
Charles-Louis Jouenne 1774-1776
Caen[edit]
Nicolas-Jean Jouenne 1621-1633
Nicolas-Robert Jouenne 1663-1692
Nicolas Férey 1727-1738
Charles-François Jouenne 1738-1748
Charles-Lubin Jouenne 1748-1776
Nicolas-François Férey 1761-1763
Charles-Louis Jouënne 1776-1820
Charles-Nicolas-Lubin Jouënne 1820-1840
Matthieu Spirckel 1840-1841
Nicolas Wolff 1841-1847 (from 1847-1855 executioner of Alger, Algeria)
Joseph Baroux 1847-1849
Eugène Ganié 1849-1850
Louis-Jacques-Eugène Gruneisen 1850-1870 (his name also appears as Grinheiser)
Falaise[edit]
Jean Bouëtard 1724-1748
Jean Bouëtard 1748-1755
Etienne Martin 1755-1770
Charles-Louis Jouenne 1770-1793
Nicolas-Richard Jouenne 1770-1793
Lisieux[edit]
Guillaume Dubut active in 1440
Orbec[edit]
Pierre Barbon 1735-1742
Nicolas Férey active in 1742
Nicolas Férey 1742-1754
Charles Lacaille 1754-1760
Pont-l'Évêque[edit]
Thomas Lacaille 1725-1731
Charles Lacaille 1731-1754
Michel-Jean Martin 1787-1793
Vire[edit]
François Férey active in 1725

Manche (50)[edit]

Avranches[edit]
Lubin Vallet 1717-1719
Joseph Morin active in 1719
Coutances[edit]
Jean Gerbault active in 1589
Mathurin Vallet 1682-1710
Lubin Vallet 1710-1717
François Férey 1717
Charles Morin 1717-1727
Nicolas-François Férey 1750-1760
Charles-Jean-Baptiste Sénéchal 1760-1761
Charles-Lubin Jouënne 1761-1775
Charles-Louis Jouënne 1775-1794
Charles Lacaille 1794-1807
François-Lubin Desmorest 1807-1849
Saint-Lô[edit]
Pierre Martin 1730-1739
Étienne Martin 1739-1755
Pierre Martin 1739-1770
Maurice Lantier active in 1789

Orne (61)[edit]

Alençon[edit]
François Corneillet 1718-1731
Michel-Louis Bouëtard active in 1731
Jacques-Michel Bouëtard 1774-1793
Michel Bouëtard 1774-1793
Pierre-Denis Ganié 1793-1810
Louis Filliaux 1810-1821
Joseph Ganié 1821-1849
Bellême[edit]

Mortagne-au-Perche

Mortagne-au-Perche[edit]
Nicolas Durand 1730-1738
Michel Durand 1738-1741
Jean-Joseph Durand 1738-1786
Michel Durand 1780-1786
Pierre-Denis Ganié 1786-1793
Nicolas-Lubin Jouenne 1786-1788

Bourgogne[edit]

Côte-d'Or (21)[edit]

Beaune[edit]
Pierre Minard active in 1574
Morlot active in 1575
Damien Tombereau active in 1582
Jean Pancquotet active in 1584
Dijon[edit]
Jean Blaigny 1416-1417
Arny Signart active in 1430
Étienne Poisson 1465-1470
Jean Larmite 1470-1473
Jean Dupoix 1473-1478
Jean Minot 1478-1487
Thomas Regnault 1487-1490
Joseph Blanchet 1487-1490
Jean Alory 1490-1493
Jean Blanleu 1493-1520
Jean Beurey 1520-1524
Vincent Rapeneaul 1524-1536
Pierre Berbier 1536-1538
Pierre Dufresne 1538-1545
Sylvestre Champonnet 1545-1546
Jacques Silvestre 1546-1558
Hilaire Benoist 1558-1568
Claude Tussault 1568-1572
Pierre Fleuriet 1572-1593
Claude Chrétien 1607-1611
Jacques Brun 1610-1611
Jean Chrétien 1611-1615
Simon Grandjean 1615-1625 (lynched together with his wife in the end of a botched beheading)
Gaspard Perrier 1637-1647
Perrot-Morisot 1647-1660
Jacques Champion 1660-1671
Antoine Petit 1671-1680
Jacques Drouot 1680-1695
Matthieu Champion 1695-1698
Nicolas Vallot 1698-1710
Jean Champion 1710-1720
Jean Griveau 1720-1724
Joeph Gerboin 1724-1729
Pierre Champion 1729-1741
Martin Chefdeville 1741-1745
Martin Millot 1745-1748
François Montagne 1748-1759
Claude-Laurent Chrétien 1759-1763
François Chefdeville 1763-1794
Nicolas-François Férey 1794-1797
Louis-Gabriel Bellat 1797
Philibert-Joseph Vermeille 1797-1799
Paul Martinet 1799-1801
Louis-Charles-Martin Sanson 1801-1808
Louis-Antoine-Stanislas Desmorest 1808-1823
Joseph-Antoine Deibler 1823-1827
Charles-Louis Lacaille 1827-1839
François-Joseph Desmorest 1839
Dominique Martinet 1839-1841
Henri-Charles Desmorest 1841
Nicolas Chtarque 1841-1844
François Étienne 1844-1870
Semur-en-Auxois[edit]
Gaspard Perrier 1630-1637

Nièvre (58)[edit]

Nevers[edit]
Jean Chasteau active in 1522
Jean de Norry 1668-1677
Georges Brunet 1677-1710
Pierre Bellin 1710-1712
Gabriel Amariton 1712-1721
Jean Bodin 1743-1750
Louis Remon 1750-1752
Pierre Gilles 1752-1760
Joseph Tisserand 1760-1761
Jean Tisserand 1761-1805
Laurent Pourra 1805-1815
François Étienne 1815-1835
François Étienne 1835-1843
Antoine Étienne 1843-1845
 ? Palle 1845-1849

Saône-et-Loire (71)[edit]

Autun[edit]
Jacques Brun active in 1610
Châlon-sur-Saône[edit]
Jacques Quantin c. 1645
Matthieu Champion 1690-1695
Pierre Champion 1695-1721
François Champion 1721-1745
Pierre Champion 1745-1750
Pierre Henry 1750-1762
Lafrance 1762-1764
Claude-Laurent Chrétien 1764-1770
Quentin Brochard 1770-1793
Claude-Antoine Chrétien 1793-1804
François-Joseph Heidenreich c. 1806
Mâcon[edit]
Denis Gromon active in 1610
Jean Thévenet active in 1714

Yonne (89)[edit]

Auxerre[edit]
Claude Martigny c. 1600-1610
Joseph Gerboin 1716-1717
Jean Hérisson 1717-1733
Jean Brochard 1733-1758
Nicolas Brochard 1758-1787
Henri Bickler 1787-1807
Louis-Antoine-Stanislas Desmorest 1807-1808
Louis-Charles-Martin Sanson 1808-1812
Pierre-Nicolas Jouenne 1812-1822
Pierre-Joseph Doubleau 1822-1849
Sens[edit]
Jean Le Nain 1577-1580
Claude Nignet active in 1598
Jean Doubleau 1660-1680
Pierre Doubleau 1680-1715
Charles Brochard 1715-1722
Nicolas Brochard 1722-1727
Pierre Daucourt 1727-1732
Jacques Tisserand 1732-1734
Joseph Doubleau 1734-1746
Jean Brochard 1746-1758
Jean-Charles Brochard 1758-1793

Bretagne[edit]

Côtes-d'Armor (22; Côtes-du-Nord before 1990)[edit]

Saint-Brieuc[edit]
Charles-Lubin Lacaille 1792-1822
Auguste Gassouin 1822-1840
Charles-Marie-Louis Lacaille 1840-1842
Jacques-Henri Ganié 1842-1845
Joseph Ganié 1845-1853

Finistère (29)[edit]

Quimper[edit]
Jacques Le Glaouer 1712-1759
Jean Le Glaouer 1759-1773
Maurice Le Glaouer 1773-1793
Hervé Le Glaouer 1793-1804
François Lacaille 1804-1805
Paul Miraucourt 1805
Georges Miraucourt 1805-1807
Hervé-Joseph Le Glaouer 1807-1815
Jean-Baptiste Michel 1815-1817
Laurent Rhein 1817-1821
Germain Benoist 1821-1823
Claude-François Desmorest 1823-1849

Ille-et-Vilaine (35)[edit]

Rennes[edit]
Cousinet c. 1617
Étienne Normandeau 1700-1723
Jean Verdier 1723-1730
Jacques Ganié 1730-1752
François-Thomas Férey 1752-1757
Jacques-Joseph Ganié 1757-1786
François-Joseph Férey 1786-1792
Gabriel-Joseph Dupuy 1792-1815
Henri Bickler 1815-1852
Jean-Emile Grosholtz 1852-1853
Joseph-Antoine Deibler 1853–1863
Louis-Antoine-Stanislas Deibler 1863–1871 (after 1871 the executioner of the republic in Paris)

Morbihan (56)[edit]

Vannes[edit]
François Guay active in 1653
Pierre Tillard active in 1657
Gervais Judic active in 1686
François Guay active in 1693
Jean Verdier active in 1686
Pierre Ganié active in 1736
Jacques Verdier 1752-1753
François Prudhomme 1753-1764
Jean Verdier 1764-1770
Charles-François Prudhomme 1770-1777
Louis-François Prudhomme 1777-1779
Charles-François Prudhomme 1777-1813
Charles-Louis Prudhomme 1777-1813
François Ganié 1841-1849

Centre-Val de Loire (Centre before 2015)[edit]

Cher (18)[edit]

Bourges[edit]
Pierre Mayet 1656-1662
Blaise Thiéry 1662-1681
Michel de Larousse 1681-1690
Jean Bessois 1690-1699
Jean Brunet 1699-1707
Michel Brunet 1707-1719
François Adam 1719-1739
Charles Esnault 1739-1742
Pierre Desfourneaux 1742-1769
Jacques Desfourneaux 1769-1779
François Desfourneaux 1779-1788
Ulrich Fischer 1788-1829
Pierre-Etienne Fischer 1829-1841
Christophe-Henri Desmorest 1841-1849
Vierzon[edit]
Georges Aurillault 1624-1627
Claude Aurillault 1627-1635
Hubert Bouard 1636-1691
Jean de Larousse 1691-1696
Claude Esnault 1696-1698
Charles Esnault 1698-1706
Jean Desfourneaux 1706-1747
Jean Desfourneaux 1747-1755
François Desfourneaux 1755-1792

Eure-et-Loir (28)[edit]

Bonneval[edit]
Robert Divray active in 1584
Chartres[edit]
Robert Beaufils active in 1581
Jean Baudry c. 1600
Lubin Baudry 1604-1627
Lubin Baudry 1627-1647
Pierre Corneillet 1647-1657
Nicolas Le Vavasseur 1672-1681
Antoine-François Deville 1781-1808
François-Eloi Deville 1808-1826
Jean-Eloi Deville 1826-1846
Henri-François Deville 1846-1849
Châteaudun[edit]
Guillaume Artus 1496-1497
Jacques Fulbert 1556-1557
Yves Tontonnay active in 1564
Jacques Guictray 1577-1580
Joachim Guictray 1582-1584
Michel Leliepvre 1602-1616
Jacques Landeau 1625-1629
Laurent Landeau 1629-1651
Louis Landeau 1651-1663
Nicolas Brunet 1663-1686
Claude Esnault 1686-1691
François Tardiveau 1691-1714
Aignan Proust 1714-1744
Jean-Baptiste Proust 1744-1772
Nicolas-Jean-Baptiste Étienne 1772-1793

Indre (36)[edit]

Châteauroux[edit]
Pierre Desfourneaux 1792-1834
Jacques Cané 1834-1849 (last name also rendered as Canin)
François-Joseph Desmorest active in 1837
Issoudun[edit]
Charles Esnault 1706-1718
Matthieu de Larousse 1718-1735
Louis-Pierre Hébert 1735-1749
Gilbert-Matthieu de Larousse 1749-1752
Louis-Charles Hébert 1749-1752
Charles-François de Vallereau 1752-1760
François Desfourneaux 1760-1792

Indre-et-Loire (37)[edit]

Amboise[edit]
Jacques Berger 1690-1722
Jacques Berger 1722-1744
Martin Berger 1744-1760
Gilles-François-Nicolas-Martin Berger 1783-1793
Chinon[edit]
René Condenay 1680-1700
Jean Condenay 1700-1711
Louis Duchesne 1711-1718
Michel Clément 1718-1720
Louis Ayrault 1720-1730
Etienne Robert 1730-1735
Jacques-Bernard Lefébure 1735-1738
Gilles Férey 1738-1753
Jean-Louis Ayrault 1762-1783
Gilles-François Berger 1783-1793
L'Île-Bouchard[edit]

see: Chinon

Loches[edit]
Étienne-Louis Normandeau 1730-1740
Jean Bodin 1740-1743
Vincent Jamet 1743-1754
Jean-Louis Ayrault 1754-1758
Quentin Brochard 1762-1770
Claude-Henri Chrétien 1772-1789
François-Claude Chrétien 1789-1793
Tours[edit]
Denis 1461-1488
Jacques Lefébure 1640-1654
François Berger 1654-1690
Jacques Berger 1690-1722
Antoine Berger 1722-1744
Gilles-François-Nicolas Berger 1744-1768
Louis-Charles-Martin Sanson 1768-1795
Pierre-François-Etienne Desmorest 1795-1830
François-Louis-Henri Desmorest 1830-1849

Loir-et-Cher (41)[edit]

Blois[edit]
Guillaume Guillard 1373-1374
Laurent Robert c. 1600
Blaise Robert 1609-1649
Jean Robert 1649-1665
Louis Robert 1665-1667
Nicolas Esnault 1667-1698
Jean Berger 1698-1710
Jean Berger 1710-1718
Jean de Larousse 1718-1721
François Trémont 1721-1761
Pierre-André-Louis Desmorest active in 1761
Joseph Doubleau 1761-1795
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Sanson 1795-1799
Joseph Doubleau 1799-1800
Charles-Louis Férey 1800-1826
André-Louis Férey 1826-1832
Charles-François Desfourneaux 1832-1849
Romorantin-Lanthenay[edit]
Louis Landeau 1655-1663
Vendôme[edit]
Guillaume Landeau 1600-1629
Jacques Landeau 1629-1640
Louis Landeau 1640-1692
Pierre Trémont 1692-1747
Henri-Pierre Trémont 1747-1756
François Brunet 1756-1775
François Montagne 1775-1793

Loiret (45)[edit]

Gien[edit]
Louis Macé 1582-1583
Charles Brochard 1715-1722
Jean Brochard 1722-1745
Pierre Tapetoux 1745-1789
Nicolas-Jean-Baptiste Étienne 1789-1793
Montargis[edit]
Joseph Gerboin 1704-1717
Georges Hérisson 1717-1718
Jean Berger 1718-1720
Jean Hérisson 1720-1727
René Berger 1727-1733
Louis-François Hébert 1797-1801
Orléans[edit]
Pierre Robert c. 1430
Jean Legros c. 1600
Matthieu Legros active in 1627
Simon Boudineau 1648-1656
Jacques Leroy 1656-1658
Nicolas Martinot 1658-1670
Louis Tardiveau 1670-1699
Jean Desmorest 1699-1700
Louis Tardiveau 1700-1707
Michel Tardiveau 1707-1715
Henri Tardiveau 1715-1735
François Tardiveau 1735-1736
Aignan Proust 1736-1740
Nicolas Berger 1740-1758
Henri-Alexis Tardiveau 1758-1771
Pierre-François Étienne 1771-1789
Charles-François Férey 1789-1820
Gabriel-Auguste Desmorest 1820-1870

Champagne-Ardenne[edit]

Ardennes (08)[edit]

Sedan[edit]
Pierre Barbier 1690-1722
Pierre Barbier 1722-1727
Jean Barbier 1727-1731
Simon Barbier 1731
Pierre Barbier 1731-1773
Simon Barbier 1773-1779
Jean-François Barbier 1779-1828
Pierre Barbier 1779-1828
François Barbier 1828-1841
Philippe Wolff 1841-1842
Christophe Reine 1842-1849 (his last name also appears as Rhein)

Aube (10)[edit]

Troyes[edit]
Guillaume active in 1432
Maigret active in 1571
Maxime Doublot 1710-1715
Nicolas L'Arné 1715-1729
Antoine Doublot 1729-1736
Hubert Doublot 1736-1750
Jean Doublot 1750-1761
François Blondeau 1761-1770
Jean-Baptiste Doublot 1770-1787
Louis-Michel Olivier 1787-1823
Joseph-Nicolas Fauconnier 1823-1841

Marne (51)[edit]

Châlons-en-Champagne[edit]
Louis Saffret 1606-1628
Séverin Saffret 1628-1632
Pierre Lévesque 1632-1638
Louis Saffret 1638-1643
Jean Saffret 1667-1679
Jacques Jean 1679-1688
Jacques Michelin 1688-1702
Pierre Daniel 1702-1709
Nicolas Desmorest 1709-1730
Simon Desmorest 1730-1742
Jean Desmorest 1742-1777
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1777-1780
Jean-Simon Desmorest 1780-1793
Chatillon-sur-Marne[edit]
Simon Jean 1770-1780
Simon-Hippolyte Desmorest 1780-1788
Épernay[edit]
Claude Belleville active in 1629
Antoine Guibourg 1683-1702
Simon Hébert 1702-1730
Charles Jouënne 1730-1736
Martin Jean 1736-1740
Simon Jean 1740-1752
François-Hippolyte Desmorest 1752-1788
Simon-Hippolyte Desmorest 1788-1793
Reims[edit]
Pierre Lormant active in 1684
Charles Michelin 1692-1698
Pierre Daniel 1698-1702
Pierre Daniel 1723-1726
Charles-François Jouenne 1726-1735
Pierre Daniel 1735-1738
Louis-Adam Hébert 1738-1743
Jean-Louis Hébert 1743-1744
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Sanson 1744-1770
Jean-Louis Sanson 1770-1793
Jean-Simon Desmorest 1793-1798
Jean-Louis Desmorest 1798-1828
François-Louis Desmorest 1828-1853
Vitry-le-François[edit]
Louis Saffret active in 1628
Louis Saffret active in 1688
Jean-Baptiste Barré 1688-1693
Jacques Jean 1693-1725
Martin Jean 1725-1733
Louis Guitton 1733-1743
Jean-Pierre-Henri Dalembourg 1743-1745
Nicolas Dalembourg 1745-1747
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1747-1774
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1774-1793

Haute-Marne (52)[edit]

Bourmont[edit]
Jean Chrétien 1731-1735
Claude Bour 1735-1737
Léopold Bour 1737-1771
Claude-Charles Bour 1771-1793
Chaumont[edit]
Pierre Daucourt 1693-1732
Jean Gueldre 1732-1760
Henri Gueldre 1760-1805
Nicolas Cané 1805-1825
François Cané 1825-1835
Langres[edit]
Simon Grandjean active in 1615
Rémi Henry 1717-1721
Michel Henry 1721-1729
Robert Daucort 1729-1732
Joseph Tisserand 1732-1757
Claude-Michel Chrétien 1757-1793

Corse[edit]

With a four-year delay in 1875 also Corsica was integrated into the area of the executioner of the republic's activity; see: Monsieur de Paris For the different department numbers, before 1976 Corsica used to be one department only and was codenumbered with 20 by then.

Corse-du-Sud (2A)[edit]

Ajaccio[edit]
René Giudici 1799-1800 (his last name is also rendered as René Jugé)
Jean-François Hermann 1803-1804
Bernardin Porro 1804-1806
Dominique Paglia 1806-1808
Antoine Vollmar 1808-1809
Jean Peyrussian 1809-1812

Haute-Corse (2B)[edit]

Bastia[edit]
Jean-Pierre Combé 1805-1809
François Étienne 1809-1813
Louis Simaliot 1813-1826
Jean-Baptiste Simaliot 1826-1840
Michel Porro 1840-1851
Antoine-François-Balthazar Porro 1851-1852
Louis-Marie Douran 1852-1853
Vincent Bornacini 1853
Louis-Henri Desmorest 1853-1873/74
Désiré Herman 1873/74-1875

Franche-Comté[edit]

Doubs (25)[edit]

Besançon[edit]
Jean-Jacques Karpf active in 1718
Nicolas-François Dupuy 1762-1765
Claude-Antoine Chrétien 1765-1794
Nicolas Hermann 1794-1809
François Étienne 1809
Jean-Pierre Urich 1809-1846
Jean-Georges Burck 1846-1849
François-Ferréol Pierrot 1849-1858
Jacques-Henri Ganié 1858-1862
Georges-Louis-Gustave Pierrot 1862-1870
Blamont[edit]
Joachim Fleurdelis 1685-1686
Joseph Denthe 1686-1695
Melchior Ginter 1754-1760/61
Montbéliard[edit]
Jacques Fleurdelis 1615-1627
Jacques Fleurdelis 1642-1670
Jean Fleurdelis 1670-1680
Jacques Fleurdelis 1680-1700
Pierre Fleurdelis 1700-1729
Pierre Fleurdelis 1729-1749
Gaspard Boilley 1749-1768
Pierre Fleurdelis 1768-1793

Jura (39)[edit]

Dole[edit]
Désiré Giboz 1792-1794
Lons-le-Saunier[edit]
Désiré Giboz 1794-1803
Jean-Baptiste Cané 1803-1827
Germain Burck 1827-1838 (last name sometimes written Purgy)
François-Joseph Desmorest 1838-1849
Nicolas Roch 1849-1851 (last name also given as Rauch)

Haute-Saône (70)[edit]

Vesoul[edit]
Claude-Laurent Chrétien 1793-1805
Nicolas Pierrot 1805-1823
François-Ferréol Pierrot 1823-1849

Territoire de Belfort (90)[edit]

Belfort[edit]
Joseph Comte c. 1650
Joseph Comte 1668-1726
Nicolas-Antoine Comte 1726-1739
Jean-Pierre Comte 1739-1780
Jean-Pierre-Nicolas Comte 1780-1793
Faverois[edit]
Pancrace 1648-1656
Jean Fleury active in 1665
Laurent Lacour 1665-1672
Martin Lacour 1672-1674
Ehrard Lacour 1682-1716
Jean-Georges Lacour 1716-1739
Jean-Georges Reichlin 1739-1752
Jean-Georges Lacour 1752-1793
Grandvillars[edit]
Joachim Comte 1673-1725
Jean-François Comte 1725-1744
Jean Fleurdelis 1744-1781
Montreux[edit]
Jacques Denthe c. 1670-1674
Jean-Georges Denthe 1674-1725

Haute-Normandie[edit]

Eure (27)[edit]

Évreux[edit]
Robert Le Vavasseur 1598-1618
Etienne Le Vavasseur 1626-1649
Louis Le Vavasseur 1649-1658
François Le Vavasseur 1675-1681
Nicolas Le Vavasseur 1681-1687
Lubin Jouenne 1687-1700
Lubin Jouenne 1720-1725
Louis Jouenne 1725-1737
Jean-Baptiste Sénéchal 1725-1737
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1737-1750
Nicolas-Lubin Jouenne 1737-1758
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1758-1780
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1784-1802
André-Thomas Férey 1810-1824
Amand Leroy 1824-1844
Louis-Marie-Dauphin Benoist 1844
Raymond Peyrussan 1844-1846
Louis-Julien-Fortuné Leroy 1846-1849
Gisors[edit]
Jean-Baptiste Carlier 1712-1733
Georges Carlier 1733-1741
Michel Durand 1741-1765
Jean-Louis Olivier 1765-1794
Pont-Audemer[edit]
Lubin Jouenne 1700-1722
Lubin Vallet 1722-1727
François Férey 1727-1735
Nicolas Férey 1735-1738
François Férey 1738-1742
François-Charles-Gabriel Férey 1742-1769
Maixent-François Férey 1769-1785
François-Joseph Férey 1769-1791

Seine-Maritime (76)[edit]

Caudebec-en-Caux[edit]
Nicolas Jouenne active in 1202 (last name also given as Jouhanne)
 ? Jouenne mentioned in 1380-1384 (last name also given as Jouhanne, nicked "Jouhanne-Justice)
Martin Lecupeur 1384-1409
 ? Marescot c. 1450
Robin Jouenne active in 1460
Guillaume Jouenne active in 1507
Pierre Jouenne active in 1675
 ? Dumontier active in 1706-1710
Jacques Dubourg 1710-1713
Charles Dubourg 1713-1719
Martin Rossignol 1719-1723
Nicolas-François Damonville 1723-1738
Nicolas Férey 1738-1742
François-Thomas Férey 1742-1770
Charles Férey 1742-1770
Charles-Lubin Jouenne 1770-1776
Nicolas-Richard Jouenne 1776-1787
Michel-Jean Leroy 1787-1793
Dièppe[edit]
Pierre Jouenne −1662 (last name also referred to as Juoanne)
Charles Sanson 1662-
Pierre Jouenne active in 1675 (last name also referred to as Juoanne)
Nicolas Férey active in 1738
Charles Jouenne active in 1780
Rouen[edit]
Simon Dailly c. 1400
Geoffroy Thérage 1406/07-1432 (or after; executed Jeanne d'Arc; last name also rendered as Thiérache)
Pierre Lecomte active in 1607
Pierre Jouenne 1660-1681
Guillaume Malloeuvre 1681-1688
Nicolas Le Vavasseur 1688-1694
Martin Le Vavasseur 1694-1703
Jean-Baptiste Morin 1703-1704
Lubin Jouenne 1704-1724
Jean-Baptiste Sénéchal 1724-1725
Nicolas Férey 1725-1735
Charles Férey 1735-1796
Nicolas-François Férey 1735-1750
François-Thomas Férey 1735-1782
Charles-André-Louis Férey 1796-1811
Charles-André Férey 1811-1847
Jean-François Heidenreich 1847-1848
 ? Rhein 1848-1870

Île-de-France[edit]

Paris (75)[edit]

Prévoté de l'Hôtel du Roi[edit]
Etienne Lebré active in 1417
Fleurant - 1516
Macé active in 1523
Jean Guillaume 1590-1594
Denis Corneillet 1594-1616
Henriet Cousin mid-17th century
Oudet Barré 1653-1671
Prévoté de Paris[edit]
Thévenot 1278-1320 (last name also given as Estevenot)
Nicolas 1322-1358
Colart Provignon 1358 or after - c. 1380 or before
Pierre Dupré c. 1380 - c. 1400, active in 1383 (last name also written as du Pré)
Geoffroy 1407-1411/13 (name also appears as Guieffroy)
Capeluche 1411/13-1418 (before being executed in 1418 or 1419, Capeluche trained his executioner himself)
Jean Tiphaine active in 1418
Colin Foucher active in 1445
Henri Cousin 1460 - before 1477
Jean Cousin - 1477
Pierre Philippart c. 1478
Tristan active in 1484
Jacques Dulac active in 1502
Robin Serre active in 1507
Jacquet 1507
Florent Bazard 1507-1516 (his last name also appears as Bazart; lynched after a botched execution)
Rotillon 1516-1529
Pierre Pommerelle 1529-?
Macé 1543-1553
Jean Rozeau 1555/58-1594
Jean Guillaume 1594-1620
Jean Guillaume 1620-1666
François Guillaume 1666-1672
Antoine de France 1672-1674
André Guillaume 1674-1682
Jean Carlié 1682-1687
Nicolas Levasseur 1687-1688 (his last name also appears as Le Vavasseur)
Charles-Louis Sanson 1688-1699 (de facto) / 1703 (official)
Charles Sanson 1699 (de facto)/1707 (official)-1726
François Prudhomme 1726–1739 (interim executioner)
Charles-Jean-Baptiste Sanson 26 (official)/1739 (de facto)–1754 (de facto)/1766/1778 (official)
Charles-Henri Sanson 1754 (de facto)/1766/1778 (official)-1795 (de facto)/1804 (official)
Henri Sanson 1795 (de facto)/1804 (official)-1840
Henry-Clément Sanson 1840–1847 (he was an inveterate abolitionist)
Charles-André Férey 1847–1849
Jean-François Heidenreich 1849–1871

Seine-et-Marne (77)[edit]

Meaux[edit]
Pierre Corneillet 1648-1660
André Guillaume 1660-1665
Denis Barré 1665-1680
Louis Hébert 1680-1709
Pierre Daniel 1709-1723
Louis-François Hébert 1723-1724
Louis-Adam Hébert 1724-1738
Jean-Louis Hébert 1738-1743
Louis-Adam Hébert 1743-1761
Louis-Adam Hébert 1761-1770
Jean-Louis Hébert 1770-1793
Melun[edit]
Jean Hérisson c. 1765-1787
Georges Hérisson 1687-1716
Georges Hérisson 1716-1721
Georges-René Hérisson 1721-1723
Georges Hérisson 1723-1727
Antoine-Pierre Dubut 1727
Jean Hérisson 1727-1746
Pierre Hérisson 1746-1787
Pierre-André-Louis Desmorest 1787-1788
Nicolas-Lubin Jouenne 1788-1826
Nicolas-Placide Doubleau 1826-1849
Provins[edit]
Robert Sénécart -1571
Jean Hérisson 1740-1742
Jean Pichon 1742-1762
Jean-Rémi Pichon 1762-1768
Louis-Cyr-Charlemagne Sanson 1768-1789
André-Thomas Férey 1789-1793

Yvelines (78)[edit]

Mantes[edit]
Michel Le Vavasseur 1625-1631
Jean Bouëtard active in 1689
Nicolas Le Marchand 1689-1722
Nicolas Le Marchand 1722-1737
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Le Marchand 1737-1755
Michel Durand 1755-1780
Louis-Michel Olivier 1780-1788
Pierre-André-Louis Olivier 1780-1793
Meulan[edit]

see: Mantes

Montfort-l'Amaury[edit]
Jean Bouëtard c. 1670
Versailles (Prévoté de l'Hôtel du Roi)[edit]
Robert Anise 1671-1680
Robert Le Marchand 1680-1690
Jean Carlier 1690-1733
François Prudhomme 1733-1749
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Sanson 1749−1778
Charles-Henri Sanson 1778-1788
Louis-Cyr-Charlemagne Sanson 1788-1794
Prévôté de Versailles[edit]
Louis-Jean Dupuy 1794-1795
Jean Boursier 1795-1808
François-Nicolas Férey 1808-1817
Jean-Baptiste Scarron 1817-1819
Germain Benoist 1819-1821
Laurent Rhein 1821-1846
Jean-Henri Rhein 1846-1849

Essonne (91)[edit]

Dourdan[edit]

see: Étampes

Étampes[edit]
Léonard Leprince 1549-1556
David Devoire 1598-1623
Jean Duchamp active in 1641
Jean Berger 1662-1677
François Berger 1677-1694
André-Louis Desmorest 1694-1740
André-Louis Desmorest 1740-1763
Pierre-André-Louis Desmorest 1763-1793
La Ferté-Alais[edit]

see: Étampes

Hauts-de-Seine 92[edit]

No local executioner known so far

Seine-Saint-Denis (93)[edit]

No local executioner known so far

Val-de-Marne (94)[edit]

No local executioner known so far

Val-d'Oise (95)[edit]

Pontoise[edit]
Jean-Baptiste Carlier 1699-1712
Jean-Baptiste Carlier 1712-1732
Jean-Baptiste Carlier 1732-1742
Jean-Baptiste-François Carlier en 1742-1782
Jean-Baptiste-François Carlier 1782-1793

Languedoc-Roussillon[edit]

Aude (11)[edit]

Carcassonne[edit]
Pierre de Lafont active in 1538
Jean Lapeyre 1545-1561
André 1561-1566
Jean Maigre 1566-1580
Jean Roizat 1580
Jean Sesherbe 1580-1593
Antoine Faret 1593-1594
Jacques de Laplanche 1594-1600
Benoît Libès 1600
Antoine Ferrier 1600-1603
Jean Bon 1603
Gaillard Bourd 1603-1610
Bernard Dauriac c. 1640
Pierre Puech c. 1645-1650 (his last name also appears as Pech)
Antoine Bourset active in 1719
Bernardin Blaize 1770-1786
Pierre Blanc 1786-1793
Etienne-Victor Rives 1793
 ? Roch 1793 (interim executioner; his last name also appears as Rauch)
François Berger 1793 (interim; executioner of Tarbes)
Jean-Philibert Ginier 1793-1795
Pierre Chevalier 1795-1801
François Berger 1801-1804
Jean-François-Philibert Robineau 1804-1823
Laurent-Denis Robineau 1823-1827
Philibert-Godefroy Robineau 1827-1840
Georges Miraucourt 1840-1849
Castelnaudary[edit]
Jean Vernhet 1522-1538
Antoine Ferrier 1579-1589
Jean Boussac active in 1619
Limoux[edit]
Antoine Blanc 1572-1578
Jean Cronhac 1578-1582
Guillaume Teissère 1582-1584
Jean Sesherbe 1584-1585 (interim; executioner of Carcassonne)
Jean Jacmes 1585-1603
Antoine Ferrier 1603-?
Narbonne[edit]
Guillaume Teissère 1567-1570

Gard (30)[edit]

Nîmes[edit]
Barthélémy Querol 1573-1589
Jean Cabrière 1590-1611
Jean Arman active in 1646
Victor Deltet 1775-1780
Marcelin Berthoumier 1791-1792 (interim; executioner of Montpellier)
Dominique Vassalo 1792-1795
François-Louis-Hippolyte Desmorest 1795-1814
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1814-1816
Pierre-Vivien Debost 1816-1830
Jean-Nicolas Cané 1830-1853
Martin-Pierre-Joseph Berger 1853-1870

Hérault (34)[edit]

Montpellier[edit]
Jacques Thiesame active in 1460
André Bonissi c. 1470
François Lacombe active in 1585
Claude Bausillon c. 1610
Pierre Arnaud 1624-1628
Étienne Roquefort active in 1645
Pierre Gineste active in 1657
Marcelin Berthoumier 1791-1794
Barthélémy Mauvin 1794-1795
Jean Boursier active in 1795
Gilles-François-Nicolas-Martin Berger 1795-1799
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Sanson 1799-1800
Louis-Victor Sanson 1800-1802
Pierre-Joseph Vermeille 1802-1808
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1808-1811
François Guillot 1811-1818
Antoine Guillot 1818-1825
Jean-Pierre Guillot 1825-1832
Léonard Richim 1832-1833
Joseph-Louis Claret 1833-1860
Auguste-Paul Roch 1860-1870 (his last name also appears as Rauch)

Lozère (48)[edit]

Mende[edit]
Gilles-François-Nicolas-Martin Berger Active in 1794
Jean-Pierre Boitquin 1799-1801
Jean-Pierre Roch 1801 (last name sometimes written as Rauch)
Nicolas Cané 1801-1805
François Roch 1805-1848 (last name sometimes written as Rauch)

Pyrénées-Orientales (66)[edit]

Perpignan[edit]
Jacques del Arnau 1682-1687
Carrera 1688-1699
Traginer 1700-1709
Raphaël del Arnau 1711-1723
Simon Grio active in 1724
Antoine Denis 1733-1734
Nicolas-Alexis Montagne 1772-1779
Claude Thouvenin 1779-1782
Jean Camille 1782-1791
Bernardin Blaize active in 1791
Antoine Varennes 1791-1793
Jean Crossy 1793-1797
Jean-François-Philibert Robineau 1797-1798
Jean-Pierre Bickler 1818-1819
Laurent Bickler 1819-1839
Martin-Pierre-Joseph Berger 1839-1850

Limousin[edit]

Corrèze (19)[edit]

Brive-la-Gaillarde[edit]
Bernard Varennes 1720s-1730s
Michel Benoist 1756-1788
Aureil Mendé 1788-1793
Tulle[edit]
Jean Gumond active in 1761
François Benoist 1789-1804
Valentin Grosholtz 1804-1820
Louis Grosholtz 1820-1823
Jean Grosholtz 1823-1849

Creuse (23)[edit]

Guéret[edit]
Léonard Chanton active in 1715
Jean-Pierre François 1783-1786
Pierre-Etienne François 1786-1798
François-Joseph Férey 1798-1808
Pierre-Jacques Nord 1808-1849

Haute-Vienne 87[edit]

Limoges[edit]
Louis Vivien 1792-1798
Louis Gendron 1716-1720
Pierre Chaussonnier 1720-1725
Pierre Pradel 1798-1802
Antoine Hiezely 1802-1826
Louis Hiezely 1826-1848
Nicolas Hiezely 1848-1849
Nicolas Grosholtz 1849-1853
François-Louis-Henri Desmorest 1853-1870

Lorraine[edit]

Meurthe-et-Moselle (54)[edit]

Baccarat[edit]
François-Joseph Hiezely 1719-1739
Jean-Michel Hiezely 1739-1777
Georges-Antoine Hiezely 1777-1793
Badonviller[edit]
Bernard Eisenhuet active in 1598
Marc Hausser 1603-1604
Jean-Nicolas Laury 1685-1686
Georges Hiezely 1722-1732
Claude-Antoine Hiezely 1732-1762
Jean-Pierre Chrétien 1777-1793
Bauzemont[edit]
Pierre Courtois 1712-1748
Jean-François Courtois 1748-1763
Nicolas Thouvenin 1763-1772
Jean-François Courtois 1772-1793
Bayon[edit]
Charles Magnard active in 1691
Jean-François Courtois 1730-1740
Dominique Courtois 1758-1779
Joseph-François Wolff 1779-1793
Blâmont[edit]
Georges Hiezely 1719-1722
Nicolas Parisot 1722-1754
Jean-Jacques Hermann 1761-1783
Jean-François Hermann 1783-1790
Jean-Nicolas Fixard 1790-1793
Briey[edit]
Jean Schweitzer active in 1675
Jean-Léonard Henry 1701-1711
Bernard Back 1711-1725
Jean-Pierre Dillenburg 1725-1733
Jean-Baptiste Dillenburg 1733-1752
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1752-1754
Jean-Baptiste Dillenburg 1754-1761
Jean-Antoine Roch 1761-1793 (last name also given as Rauch)
Conflans-en-Jarnisy[edit]
Henri Labille 1717-1735
Louis Thomas 1735-1736
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1736-1750
Laurent Viard 1750-1793
Deneuvre[edit]

see: Baccarat

Domjevin[edit]

see: Bauzemont

Einville-au-Jard[edit]
Jean-Pierre Duval 1743-1758
Jean Cané 1758-1790
Jean-Baptiste-Oswald Cané 1790-1793
Foug[edit]
see: Commercy, Meuse (55)
Gerbéviller[edit]
Pierre Wolff 1743-1778
1778-1793
Haraucourt[edit]

see: Einville-au-Jard

Harbouey[edit]

see: Blâmont

Longuyon[edit]
Corneille Back 1710-1715
Matthieu Labille 1715-1748
Jean Labille 1748-1792
Jean-Nicolas Cané 1772-1775
Jean Labille 1775-1777
Jean-Henri Labille 1777-1793
Longwy[edit]
Pierre Bour 1692-1693
Jean-Nicolas Back 1693-1701
Nicolas Klein 1701-1718
Jean Klein 1718-1752
Joseph Klein 1752-1761
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1761-1790 (last name also given as Rauch)
Jean-Pierre Roch 1790-1793 (last name also given as Rauch)
Lunéville[edit]
François Henry 1700-1713
Jean-Léonard Henry 1713-1720
Claude Duval 1720-1743
Jean-Pierre Duval 1743-1764
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1764-1766 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Marguerite Cané 1766-1784 (one of France's most long-termed female executioners)
Jean-François Hermann 1784-1793
Nancy[edit]
Jean-Georges Duval 1658-1680
Nicolas Suisse 1680-1684 (his last name also appears as Schweitzer)
Jean-Jacques Burckhard 1684-1705
Jean-Pierre Bour 1705-1718
Jean-Pierre Bour 1718-1730)
Jacobé Rieger 1730-1732 (Jean-Pierre Bour's wife and after 1730 widow; one of the rare cases a woman was appointed)
François Roch 1732-1747 (Jacobé Rieger's new husband; his last name is also given as Rauch)
Jean-Pierre Rhein 1747-1758
Laurent Roch 1758-1779 (his last name is also given as Rauch)
Jean-Pierre Spirckel 1779-1799
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1799-1823 (his last name is also given as Rauch)
Nicolas Cané 1823-1847
Matthieu Spirckel 1847-1870
Nomény[edit]

see: Pont-à-Mousson

Norroy-le-Sec[edit]
Bernard Back 1715-1741
Claude Back 1741-1781
Jean-Baptiste Thiéry 1781-1793
Pont-à-Mousson[edit]
Goeury Pichon active in 1709
Jean-Pierre Bickler c. 1722
Christophe-Séraphin Bickler 1734-1757
Jean-Pierre Bickler 1757-1783
Christophe Bickler 1783-1793
Réchicourt-la-Petite[edit]

see: Blâmont

Saint-Clément[edit]

see: Baccarat

Saint-Nicolas-de-Port[edit]
Nicolas Valois 1650-1683
Rémi Karpf active in 1720
Jean-Jacques Parisot 1716-1733
Jean-Philippe Rhein 1733-1762
François Rhein 1762-1776
Jean-Jacques Roch 1776-1793 (his last name is sometimes given as Rauch)
Sancy[edit]
Bernard Back 1715-1741
Claude Back 1741-1783
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1783-1793 (last name also written as Rauch)
Thézey-Saint-Martin[edit]

see: Delme at Moselle (57)

Thiaucourt (Thiaucourt-Regniéville)[edit]

see: Pont-à-Mousson

Toul[edit]
Claude Miraucourt 1670-1679
Claude Miraucourt 1692-1699
Antoine Hermann 1708-1714
Jean-Charles Valois 1714-1728
Jean-Georges Roch 1728-1748 (last name also given as Rauch)
François Roch 1748-1761 (last name also given as Rauch)
Laurent Bickler 1761-1776
François Roch 1776-1790 (last name also given as Rauch)
Nicolas Cané 1790-1793
Ville-sur-Yron[edit]

see: Conflans-en-Jarnisy

Villers-la-Montagne[edit]
Bernard Back 1725-1741
Matthieu Back 1741-1748
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1748-1772 (last name may also appear as Rauch)
Jean-Pierre-Laurent Roch 1772-1775 (last name may also appear as Rauch)
Laurent-Nicolas Roch 1775-1793 (last name may also appear as Rauch)

Meuse (55)[edit]

Arrancy-sur-Crusne[edit]

see: Longuyon at Meurthe-et-Moselle (54)

Avioth[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Labille 1720-1742
Jean-Pierre Labille 1742-1775
Michel Labille 1775-1793
Bar-le-Duc[edit]
Pierre Chapuzot 1630-1657
Claude Chapuzot 1667-1686
Jacques Chapuzot active in 1696
Martin Castagnière 1708-1731
Jean-Conrad Rhein 1731-1752
Simon Jean 1752-1770
Jean-François Hiezely 1770-1776
Laurent Rhein 1777-1793
Billy-sous-Mangiennes[edit]
François François 1740-1759
Jean-Nicolas Cané 1759-1786
Jean-Louis Cané 1786-1793
Commercy[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Guerchoux 1746-1768
Louis Thomas 1768-1772
Jean-Pierre Roch 1772-1790 (last name also given as Rauch)
Nicolas Cané 1790-1793
Damvillers[edit]
Jean François 1706-1734
François François 1734-1768
Pierre-Etienne François 1768-1786
Paul François 1786-1793
Étain[edit]
Claude Suisse 1715-1719 (his last name also appears as Schweitzer)
Pierre Étienne 1719-1750
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1750-1752
François Étienne 1752-1759
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1759-1793
Fresnes-en-Woëvre[edit]
François-Edmé Duval 1684-1731
Jean Cané 1731-1740
Jean-Pierre Urich 1740-1745
Antoine-Martin Urich 1745-1779
Jean-Pierre Urich 1745-1786
Nicolas Thiéry 1786-1793
Herméville-en-Woëvre[edit]
François-Edmé Duval 1684-1726
Jean-Pierre Miraucourt 1726-1754
Paul Miraucourt 1754-1765
François Miraucourt 1765-1793
Marville[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Labille 1720-1748
Jean-Nicolas Labille 1748-1777
Michel Labille 1777-1793
Montmédy[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Labille 1720-1748
Jean Labille 1748-1787
Saint-Mihiel[edit]
Christophe-Séraphin Bickler 1722-1752
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1752-1757
Jean-Pierre Bickler 1757-1766
Christophe Bickler 1766-1823
Simon-Hippolyte Desmorest 1823-1849
Verdun[edit]
Jean Gaultier 1532-1536
Jean Gaultier active in 1575
Martin Jean c. 1630
Jean Miraucourt 1640-1668
Nicolas Blin 1668-1679
Claude Miraucourt 1679-1708
Pierre Étienne 1708-1762
François Étienne 1762-1791
Antoine Étienne 1791-1793

Moselle (57)[edit]

Ancerville[edit]
Claude Guerchoux 1681-1710
Jean Guerchoux 1710-1758
Jean-Laurent Guerchoux 1758-1793
Angevillers[edit]
Hermann Roch c. 1700 (last name also given as Rauch)
Simon Klein 1714-1730
Christophe-Séraphin Bickler 1722-1741
Jean-Nicolas Rauch 1741-1751 (last name also given as Rauch)
Jean Grauel 1774-1793
Ay-sur-Moselle[edit]

see: Buding

Bambiderstroff[edit]

see: Courcelles-sur-Nied

Béchy[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Back 1697-1701
Claude Guerchoux 1701-1710
Jean Guerchoux 1710-1722
François Guerchoux 1722-1780
Guillaume Back 1780-1793
Beux[edit]

see: Béchy

Bitche[edit]

see: Schorbach

Boulay[edit]
Nicolas Schweitzer active in 1613
Christophe Schwartz 1618-1621
Jean-Jacques Rhein 1621-1663
Jean-Pierre Back 1663-1703
Jean-Georges Back 1703-1731
Jean-Pierre Wolff 1731-1786
Jean Wolff 1786-1787
Jean-Nicolas Wolff 1787-1793
Buding[edit]
Jean-Pierre Spirckel 1744-1787
Laurent Rauch 1787-1793
Budling[edit]

see: Buding

Château-Salins[edit]
Nicolas Godot c. 1700
Jean Godot c. 1720
Jean Godot 1738-1753
Martin Courtois 1753-1759
Louis Thomas 1759-1777
Louis Thomas 1793
Château-Voué[edit]

see: Dieuze

Courcelles-Chaussy[edit]
Mauclair active in 1679
François Lhôpital c. 1730-1737
Oswald Rhein 1737-1756
Jean-Henri Rhein 1756-1787
Georges Miraucourt 1787-1793
Courcelles-sur-Nied[edit]
Antoine Scherr c. 1720
Georges Scherr c. 1740
Nicolas Scherr 1750-1756
Jean-Pierre Miraucourt 1756-1793
Delme[edit]
Claude Thomas c. 1700-1719
Nicolas Thomas 1719-1748
Michel Thomas 1748-1784
Jean Thomas 1784-1793
Dieuze[edit]
Laurent Urich c. 1620-1654
Claude Urich 1654-1691
Jean-Jacques Bour 1691-1699
Claude Hermann 1699-1733
Jean Hermann 1733-1758
Jean-Jacques Hermann 1758-1761
Claude Hermann 1761-1793
Ébersviller[edit]

see: Hombourg-Budange

Elzange[edit]

see: Rodemack

Faulquemont[edit]
Nicolas Schweitzer active in 1613
Christophe Schwartz 1618-1621
Jean-Henri Lander 1652-1682
Jean-Henri Rhein 1682-1695
Léonard Rhein 1695-1748
Jean Rhein 1748-1759
Jean-Pierre Rhein 1759-1793
Fénétrange[edit]

see: Niederstinzel

Filstroff[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Back 1686-1714
Jean-Nicolas Back 1714-1728
Jean-Philippe Mohr 1728
Christophe Parisot 1728-1729
André Heffinger 1729-1742
Jean-Pierre Back 1742-1792
Jean-Nicolas Rhein 1792-1793
Forbach[edit]
Jean-Christophe Grauel 1686-1692
Jean-Henri Burckhard 1692-1744
Jean-Nicolas Burckhard 1744-1776
François-Martin Burckhard 1776-1793
Matthieu Burckhard 1776-1793
Freistroff[edit]
Jean-Christophe Hopp 1685-1735
François Hopp 1735-1738
Jean Hopp 1738-1758
Jean-Pierre Hopp 1758-1766
Nicolas Schwind 1766-1781
Pierre Hopp 1781-1793
Gorze[edit]
Jean-Jacques Valche 1707-1714
Jean-Pierre Urich 1714-1740
Jean-Nicolas Guerchoux 1777-1793
Grostenquin[edit]
Jean-Jacques Cané 1725-1753
Oswald Back 1753-1793
Hérange[edit]
Jean-Ulrich Vollmar 1657-1690
Jean-Nicolas Vollmar 1690-1730
Jean-Jacques Grosholtz 1730-1735
Jean-Georges Lander 1766-1793
Hombourg-Budange[edit]
Jean-Jacques Lang active in 1689
Matthieu Back 1738-1741
Jean-Léonard Schwind 1741-1744
Jean-Pierre Spirckel 1744-1773
Pierre Schwind 1773-1783
Jean-Jacques Wolff 1783-1793
Insming[edit]
Sébastien Parisot 1635-1707
Jean-Valentin Parisot 1707-1731
Jean-Jacques Bour 1731-1765
Jean-Thibaud Schweitzer 1765-1769
Jean-Jacques Bour 1769-1781
Valentin Grosholtz 1781-1793
Jallaucourt[edit]
see: Château-Salins
Kédange-sur-Canner[edit]
see: Hombourg-Budange
Kirsch-lès-Sierck[edit]
Pierre Wolff 1695-1721
Gaspard Wolff 1721-1722
Jean-Martin Wolff 1722-1740
Gaspard Wolff 1740-1743
François Wolff 1743-1776
Pierre Wolff 1776-1793
Lixheim[edit]
see: Hérange
Longeville-lès-Saint-Avold[edit]
Nicolas Schweitzer active in 1613
Antoine Grauel 1717-1757
Jean Grauel 1757-1782
Jean-Pierre Grauel 1782-1786
Jean Wolff 1786-1787
Jean-Nicolas Wolff 1787-1793
Lorquin[edit]
Jean-Georges Burckhard 1680-1692
Dominique Burckhard 1709-1734
Michel Henry 1734-1765
Joseph Godot 1765-1779
Jean-Pierre Wolff 1779-1793
Louvigny[edit]
see: Courcelles-sur-Nied
Lutzelbourg[edit]
Jean-Jacques Grosholtz 1680-1712
Jean-Michel Grosholtz 1712-1743
Jean-Georges Grosholtz 1743-1787
Jean-Georges Grosholtz 1787-1793
Metz[edit]
Louis Schweitzer 1613-1653
Matthieu Schweitzer 1653-1680
Nicolas Schweitzer 1680-1684
Jean-Jacques Burckhard 1684-1693
Jean-Baptiste Barré 1693-1715
Nicolas Barré 1715-1730
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1730-1731 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Georges-Laurent Roch 1731-1748 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Nicolas Barré 1748-1779
Nicolas-Oswald Barré 1779-1801
Nicolas Barré 1801-1812
Matthieu Spirckel 1812-1833
Pierre-Emmanuel Desfourneaux 1833-1870
Montenach[edit]
Jean Spirckel 1680-1695
André Spirckel 1695-1711
Jean-Nicolas Roch 1711-1720 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Georges-Laurent Roch 1720-1721 (last name also appears as Rauch)
Jean-Pierre Spirckel 1721-1759
Nicolas Spirckel 1759-1793
Morhange[edit]
Étienne Schwartz 1610-1632
Antoine Hermann 1632-1670
Jean-Jacques Grosholtz 1670-1680
Pierre Hermann 1680-1682
Claude Hermann 1682-1733
Jean Hermann 1733-1758
Jean-Jacques Hermann 1758-1761
Claude Hermann 1761-1793
Niederstinzel[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Lander 1681-1692
Jean-Philippe Schild 1736-1762
Pierre Schild 1762-1786
Jacques Schild 1785-1793
Phalsbourg[edit]
see: Lutzelbourg
Porcelette[edit]
Gaspard Wolff 1740-1748
Pierre Wolff 1748-1785
Prévocourt[edit]
see: Delme
Puttelange-aux-Lacs[edit]
Jean-Jacques Carpe 1665-1686
Jean-Valentin Igel 1686-1702
Jean-Bernard Bour 1702-1734
Théodore Bour 1734-1752
Jean-Georges Bour 1752-1793
Rodemack[edit]
Jean-Henri Spirckel 1687-1709
Jean-Henri Spirckel 1709-1718
Jean-Bernard Spirckel 1718-1724
Jean-Théodore Burckhard 1724-1754
François Spirckel 1754-1773
Jean-Nicolas Spirckel 1773-1793
Saint-Avold[edit]
Jean Spengler active in 1615
Christophe Lander 1625-1632
Jean-Nicolas Carpe 1632-1652
Jean-Gaspard Lander 1652-1688
Jean-Michel Lander 1688-1719
François-Gaspard Lander 1719-1745
Nicolas Lander 1745-1785
Christophe Back 1785-1793
Sarralbe[edit]
Jean-Pierre Rhein 1702-1724
Jacques-Charles Rhein 1724-1744
Jean-Thibaud Schweitzer 1765-1769
Jean-Jacques Bour 1769-1781
Jean Grosholtz 1781-1793
Sarrebourg[edit]
Guy Burckhard 1685-1698
Jean-Georges Burckhard 1698-1717
Georges-Frédéric Burck 1739-1740
Sarreguemines[edit]
Nicolas Bour 1666-1675
Jean-Bernard Bour 1675-1702
Jean-Jacques Bour 1702-1734
Jean-Pierre Bour 1734-1754
François Rhein 1754-1784
Jean Rhein 1784-1793
Schorbach[edit]
Jean-Henri Schild 1662-1699
Matthieu Schild 1699-1751
Georges-Frédéric Schild 1751-1756
Jean-Jacques Schild 1756-1775
Jean-Henri Schild 1775-1793
Sierck-les-Bains[edit]
see: Kirsch-lès-Sierck
Thionville[edit]
Nicolas Geiler c. 1680
Jean-Henri Spirckel 1687-1709
Jean-Pierre Dillenburg 1709-1738
Jean-Pierre Dillenburg 1738-1748
Jean-Pierre Dillenburg 1748-1763
Jean-Baptiste Dillenburg 1748-1789
Jean-Baptiste Spirckel 1789-1793
Tincry[edit]
see: Delme
Tragny[edit]
see: Delme
Vatimont[edit]
see: Béchy
Vic-sur-Seille[edit]
Humbert Caille active in 1633
Rémi Laurent 1663-1680
Pierre Hermann 1680-1688
Claude Parisot 1688-1734
Jean Parisot 1734-1777
Claude Parisot 1777-1793

Vosges (88)[edit]

Bruyères[edit]
François-Joseph Hiezely 1719-1736
Jacques Heidenreich 1736-1761
Charmes[edit]
Charles Magnard 1702-1733
Jean-Charles Chrétien 1746-1752
Jean-Joseph Hiezely 1752-1754
Léopold Chrétien 1754-1786
Antoine Hiezely 1786-1793
Châtel-sur-Moselle[edit]
see: Charmes
Châtenois[edit]
Jean Chrétien 1752-1756
Claude-François Chrétien 1756-1793
Darney[edit]
Jean-Pierre Courtois 1737-1769
Pierre-Fidèle Chrétien 1769-1793
Dompaire[edit]
Jean-Nicolas Laury 1709-1730
Didier Chapelain 1730-1752
Jean-Nicolas Chapelain 1752-1757
Antoine-François Fixard 1757-1774
Jean-François Fixard 1774-1788
Épinal[edit]
Jean Bontemps active in 1601
Nicolas Guillemette de Fontenay 1601-1607
Martin active in 1656
Jean Pierson 1672-1686
Jean-Nicolas Laury 1686-1726
Jean-Nicolas Laury 1726-1734
Matthieu Wees 1734-1753
Jean-Georges Anthès 1753-1762
François Wees 1762-1775
Joseph Wees 1775-1790
François Spirckel 1790-1797
François Wolff 1797-1803
Jean-Nicolas Chapelain 1803-1817
Antoine Chapelain 1817-1818
Jean-Nicolas Cané 1818-1840
Conrad Braun 1840-1849
La Neuveville-sous-Châtenois[edit]
see: Châtenois
Mirecourt[edit]
Jean-Dominique Chrétien 1700-1736
François Chrétien 1736-1754
Jean-Nicolas Chrétien 1776-1798
Neufchâteau[edit]
Antoine Chrétien c. 1730-1745
Henri Chrétien 1745-1755
Claude-Michel Chrétien 1755-1756/57
Oswald Rhein 1756/57-1773
Jean-Nicolas Wolff 1770-1793
Rambervillers[edit]
François-Joseph Hiezely active in 1719
Georges Chapelain 1746-1769
Jean-Michel Hiezely 1769-1770
Jean-Georges Hiezely 1770-1777
Remiremont[edit]
see: Saint-Dié
Saint-Dié[edit]
Nicolas Maurisat active in 1621
Jean-Michel Burckhard 1701-1712
Georges-Adolphe Heidenreich 1712-1737
Jean-Michel Hiezely active in 1757
Claude Hiezely 1774-1793
Saint-Nabord[edit]
see: Saint-Dié

Midi-Pyrénées[edit]

Ariège (09)[edit]

Foix[edit]
François Cabanié 1793-1802
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Dupuy 1802-1830
Joseph Beaufaye 1830-1849
François-Nicolas Beaufaye 1849-1853

Aveyron (12)[edit]

Rodez[edit]
Pradel c. 1685
Jean-Louis Daydé 1780-1782
Jean Crossy 1782-1793
François Berger 1793-1797
Jean Crossy 1797-1824
Guy Le Moalic 1824-1828
Pierre-Victor Rives 1828-1853

Haute-Garonne (31)[edit]

Toulouse[edit]
Jean Barrot 1659-1666
Jean Touzet active in 1666
Mathieu Bourideu -1757 (his last name also appears as Mathieu Bouirou; sources also say 1759-1763)
Jean Daizes active in 1768 (some sources say 1757-1769)
Antoine Varennes 1769/70-1812 (brother to Jean Varennes in Cahors)
Marcelin Berthoumier 1812-1817
Jean-François Guerchoux 1817-1818
Laurent Guerchoux 1818-1837
Henri-Matthieu Guerchoux 1837-1838

Gers (32)[edit]

Auch[edit]
Jean Palaso 1574-1575
Pierre André active in 1623
Jean Dupin c. 1630
Pierre Labailhe active in 1650
Jean Cestarès 1662-1670
Jean Dumas 1673-1695
Jean Bruel 1699-1719
Guillaume Bruel 1719-1747
Bertrand Faroux 1752-1777 (name also given as Féraut)
Jean Daizes 1781-1788
Jean Rascat 1788-1790
 ? Goutte 1790-1792
Matthieu Benoist 1792-1793
Jean Rascat 1793-1798
Joseph Laporte 1798-1822
Jean Prosset 1822-1849
Lectoure[edit]
Jean Rascat 1780-1784

Lot (46)[edit]

Cahors[edit]
Jean Varennes 1761-1809 (brother to Antoine Varennes in Toulouse)
Romain Labat 1809-1810
Armand Varennes 1810-1818
Laurent-Désiré Desmorest 1827-1849

Hautes-Pyrénées (65)[edit]

Tarbes[edit]
Jean-Louis Daydé active in 1792
Charles Lacaille 1792-1794
François Spirckel 1794-1802
Jean Rascat 1802-1818
Jean Grosholtz 1818-1823
Louis Grosholtz 1823-1843
Jean-Simon Grosholtz 1843-1844
Vincent Bornacini 1844-1848

Tarn (81)[edit]

Albi[edit]
Jean Matthieu 1598-1599
Sylvain c. 1685
Étienne Étienne 1807-1815
Marcelin Rigal 1815-1824
Jean-Pierre Étienne 1824-1831
Pierre Miraucourt 1831-1849

Tarn-et-Garonne (82)[edit]

Montauban[edit]
Armand Varennes 1809-1818
Marcelin Berthoumier 1818-1824
Marcelin Rigal 1824-1837
Jean-François Guerchoux 1837-1849

Nord-Pas-de-Calais[edit]

Nord (59)[edit]

Cambrai[edit]
Escluve active in 1368
Robert Fayet active in 1595
Nicolas Delannois active in 1611
Pierre de Groville 1627-1629
Guillaume-Joseph Vermeille c. 1730-1750
François Damonville active in 1750
Pierre-François Vermeille 1790-1793
Douai[edit]
Jean de Le Porte active in 1459
Jacques Galoppin active in 1679
François-Joseph Demettre 1795-1825
Louis Demettre 1825-1828
Pierre Demettre 1828-1835
François Demettre 1835-1870
Lille[edit]
Pierre Vermeille active in 1766
Charles-André-Joseph Demettre 1766-1773
Pierre-Joseph Foyez 1773-1792
Maubeuge[edit]
André Vivien c. 1770
Valenciennes[edit]
Jean Boitquin active in 1679
Julien-Joseph Vermeille 1780-1801
Pierre-Joseph Vermeille 1801-1802

Pas-de-Calais (62)[edit]

Arras[edit]
Henri Cousin c. 1470
Jean-Baptiste Outredebanque 1753-1780
Pierre Outredebanque 1780-1795
Boulogne[edit]
Jean-André-Joseph Tanné 1731-1766
Charles-André-Joseph Demettre 1766-1773
François Lacaille 1773-1793
Calais[edit]
Jean-André-Joseph Tanné 1729-1766
Charles-André-Joseph Demettre 1766-1773
François Lacaille 1773-1793
Saint-Omer[edit]
Jean Rombaud 1530s (in 1536 called to England to execute Anne Boleyn)
Charles Jouënne 1793-1820
Richard-Adolphe Jouenne 1820-1849

Pays de la Loire[edit]

Loire-Atlantique (44; before 1957 Loire Inférieure)[edit]

Nantes[edit]
Pierre Poupin 1574-1575
Charles Davy active in 1626
Macé Bouëtard active in 1673
Jean Verdier 1673-1686
Laurent Leroy 1686-1688
Pierre Judic 1688-1701 (name also rendered as Jeudy)
François Durand 1701-1705
Pierre Chaumont 1705-1725
Étienne Ganié 1725-1735
Jacques Bouëtard 1735-1738
Pierre Chaumont 1738-1755
Étienne Ganié 1755-1757
Jacques-Victor Ganié 1757-1784
Charles-François Férey 1784-1789
Michel Sénéchal 1789-1794
François-Joseph Férey 1794-1798
François Lacaille 1798-1805
François Lacaille 1805-1823
Jacques-Auguste Ganié 1823-1845
Jacques-Henri Ganié 1845-1849

Maine-et-Loire (49)[edit]

Angers[edit]
Adam Lesné active in 1546
Nicolas Cousnier 1615-1618
Jacques Cousnier 1618-1622
Pierre Roussière 1622-1625
Pierre Briand 1670-1677
Julien Beudin 1677-1681
Pierre Verdier 1681-1687
Jean Morin 1687-1689
Laurent Leroy 1689-1709
François Verdier en 1709-1717
Jean Petitjean 1717-1720
Nicolas Férey 1720-1725
François Férey 1725-1736
Pierre Charpentier 1736-1753
Jean-Baptiste Charpentier 1753-1766
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Charpentier 1753-1758
Jean-Baptiste Charpentier 1766-1771
Jacques Filliaux 1771-1785
Jacques-Joseph-Hyacinthe Filliaux 1785-1808
Pierre-Jacques Ganié 1808-1829
Charles-Gabriel Jouenne 1829-1832
Pierre-Jacques Ganié 1832-1848
Stanislas Ganié 1848-1870
Saumur[edit]
André Carouault activ in 1634
Jean Verdier 1674-1687
Etienne Robert 1712-1727
Pierre Asselin 1727-1731
Etienne Robert 1731-1735
Yves Robert 1735-1759
Antoine Dupuy 1759-1767
Antoine Dupuy 1767-1785
Louis-Jean Dupuy 1785-1793

Mayenne (53)[edit]

Château-Gontier[edit]
René Chaumont active in 1686
Martin Dupuy 1717-1722
Jacques Dupuy 1722-1742
Jacques-François Dupuy 1742-1759
Pierre Dupuy 1759-1783
Nicolas-Charles-Gabriel Dupuy 1783-1793
Laval[edit]
François Chaumont 1680-1687
Jacques Bouëtard 1720-1730
Jacques-Etienne Bouëtard 1730-1740
Pierre Martin 1740-1756
Jacques Durand 1756-1782
Pierre Martin 1782-1785
Jacques-François Durand 1785-1813
Henri Bickler 1813-1815
Jacques-Joseph Durand 1815−1819 (executed for homicide)
Pierre-Michel Durand 1819-1823
François-Hippolyte Desmorest 1823-1843
Jean-Jacques Ehrardt 1843-1849

Sarthe (72)[edit]

La Flèche[edit]
Jean Billon active in 1686
Le Mans[edit]
Jean Benoist 1698-1720
Joseph Filliaux 1720-1723
Pierre Charpentier 1723-1733
Joseph Charpentier 1733-1750
Louis-Jacques Filliaux 1750-1767
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1750-1767
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1767-1784
Charles Jouenne 1767-1822
Isidore-Joseph Vermeille 1822-1827
Romain Labat 1827-1846
Pierre Marc 1846-1849

Vendée (85)[edit]

Fontenay-le-Comte[edit]
Jean Fraigneau c. 1700-1710
François Fraigneau 1710-1728
Michel Clément 1728-1745
Pierre-Victor Asselin 1745-1755
Joseph Asselin 1755-1778
Pierre Asselin 1778-1802
André-Thomas Férey 1802
Nicolas-Louis Jouenne 1802-1805
Pierre Wolff 1805-1824
Pierre Wolff 1824-1849

Picardie[edit]

Aisne (02)[edit]

Laon[edit]
Mathurin Porrès active round 1590
Mathurin Damet 1595-1617
François Roussel 1660-1664
Louis Desmorest 1664-1710
Nicolas Desmorest 1710-1761
François-Joseph Desmorest 1761-1764
Jean-LouisDesmorest 1764-1812
Isidore-Joseph Vermeille 1812-1823
Jean-François-Philibert Robineau 1823-1845
Frédéric-Henri-Auguste Robineau 1845-1849
Soissons[edit]
Jean Gressier 1680-1705
André Gressier 1705-1726
François Desmorest 1726-1750
Nicolas-François Desmorest 1750-1761
Denis-François Hérisson 1761-1762
Charles-René Zelle 1762-1776
Charles-Henri-Martin Zelle 1776-1792

Oise (60)[edit]

Beauvais[edit]
Robert Berger 1749-1763
Jacques-Robert Berger 1763-1784
François-Robert-Gabriel Berger 1784-1798
Jean-François-Philibert Robineau 1798-1799
François-Robert-Gabriel Berger 1799-1805
Robert-Gabriel Berger 1805-1813
Charles-Henri-Constant Desmorest 1813-1849
Clermont[edit]

(former Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, also called Clermont-en-France)

see: Senlis
Compiègne[edit]
Pierre Clavière active in 1627
Cyprien Levert 1660-1670
Jacques Hérisson 1670-1680
Guillaume Hérisson 1680-1683
Jacques Dollé 1683-1717
Louis-André Desmorest 1717-1719
Jacques Dollé 1719-1749
Nicolas Dollé 1749-1762
Louis-Nicolas Dollé 1762-1793
Crépy-en-Valois[edit]
Pierre Hérisson active in 1629
Louis Berger 1700-1713
Jacques Dollé 1713-1717
Robert Berger 1717-1763
Jacques-Robert Berger 1763-1784
François-Robert-Gabriel Berger 1784-1793
Noyon[edit]
Féry Leblon active in 1617
François-Joseph Desmorest 1743-1793
Senlis[edit]
Claude Harrie active in 1544
Jean Taffin active in 1571
Philippe Hérisson 1622-1662
Claude Hérisson 1662-1667
Philippe Hérisson 1667-1673
Jacques Hérisson 1673-1680
François-Cyprien Hérisson 1680-1727
Nicolas Hérisson 1727-1742
François-Nicolas Hérisson 1742-1755
Denis-François Hérisson 1755-1761
Nicolas-François Desmorest 1761-1784
Louis-Auguste-Nicolas Desmorest 1784-1793
Pierre-Nicolas-François Desmorest 1784-1793

Somme (80)[edit]

Amiens[edit]
Pierre Phélippart active in 1463
Haquin de Bergue active in 1468
Jean de Tournai active in 1516
Louis-Charles Hébert 1731-1760
Joseph Foyez 1760-1767
Pierre-François Vermeille 1767-1795
François Étienne 1795
Jean Boursier 1795-1796
Jacques-Bonaventure Collet de Charmoy 1796-1816
Amand-Constant Vermeille 1816-1837 (Armand-Constant ?)
Amand Vermeille 1837-1852 (Armand ?)
Jacques-Henri Ganié 1852−1853
Nicolas Roch 1853–1870 (his last name seometimes appears as Rauch; after 1870, see: Monsieur de Paris)

Poitou-Charentes[edit]

Charente (16)[edit]

Angoulême[edit]
Jean Cestarès 1656-1682
Guy Robert 1684-1698
Robert Guitton 1700-1702
Joseph Senigotte 1728-1740
Jean Jacquinet 1740-1742
Jacques Berger 1744-1758
Jean Brunet 1758-1760
(interim executioners between 1760 and 1789)
Jean Roch 1789-1802 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
Pierre Pradel 1802-1816
François-Xavier Rhein 1816-1827
Matthieu-Isidore Rhein 1827-1840
Claude Roch 1840-1849 (his last name also appears as Rauch)

Charente-Maritime (17)[edit]

La Rochelle[edit]
Hilaire Camyon round 1610
Jacques Lafargue 1663-1680
Jacques Lafargue 1694-1702
Pierre Lafargue 1702-1713
Pierre Combaud 1713-1719
Pierre Landeau 1719-1723
Victor Landeau 1723-1726
Christophe Benoist 1726-1747
Jean Benoist 1747-1749
François Férey 1749-1757
Joseph Férey 1757-1774
François-Charles-Gabriel Férey 1757-1769
Joseph Lacaille 1774-1789
Jacques-Bonaventure Collet de Charmoy 1789-1795
Rochefort[edit]
Jean Montagne 1793-1795
Saintes[edit]
Jean Benoist 1725-1728
Pierre Benoist 1728-1750
Maixent-Mathurin Ayrault 1750-1763
Christophe Ayrault 1763-1802
François Spirckel 1802-1825
Matthieu Spirckel 1825-1849

Deux-Sèvres (79)[edit]

Niort[edit]
Pierre Landeau 1695-1723
Victor Landeau 1723-1731
Pierre Asselin 1731-1748
Joseph Asselin 1748-1756
Augustin Asselin 1756-1781
Augustin-Joseph Asselin 1781-1813
Augustin-André Asselin 1813-1823
Louis-Augustin-Désiré Asselin 1823-1849
Saint-Maixent-l'École[edit]
Réneteau active in 1667
Chaussonnier active in 1683
Mathurin Ayrault 1705-1722
Louis Ayrault 1722-1736
Mathurin Ayrault 1736-1762
Clément Ayrault 1762-1785
Maixent-Mathurin Ayrault 1762-1763
Thouars[edit]
Jean-Jacques Fraigneau 1710-1722
Martin Dupuy 1732-1745
Louis Duchesne 1745-1765
Jean-Martin Dupuy 1765-1793

Vienne (86)[edit]

Civray[edit]
Jean David 1775-1793
Loudun[edit]
Duchesne active in 1634
Michel Clément 1718-1720
Louis Ayrault 1720-1725
Louis Duchesne 1725-1758
François Duchesne 1758-1787
François Berger 1787-1793
Poitiers[edit]
Jean Verdier active in 1626
Michel Verdier active in 1670
Étienne Renéteau 1687-1707
Mathurin Pinocheau 1707-1709
Mathurin Pinocheau 1709-1721
Guy Renéteau 1721-1727
François Verdier 1727-1764
François Verdier 1764-1772
Pierre-François Verdier 1764-1796
Louis-Nicolas Dollé 1796-1805
Joseph-Martin Benoist 1805-1809
Pierre-Nicolas Berthelot 1809-1827
Nicolas Wolff 1827-1831
Matthieu Wolff 1831-1846
Raymond Peyrussan 1846-1854
Charles-André Wolff 1854-1870

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur[edit]

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04)[edit]

Digne[edit]
Pierre Back 1793-1794
Pierre Cané 1794
François Montagne 1794-1795
Jean-Pierre Thiéry 1795-1816
François-Xavier Reine 1816-1817 (his name comes also written as Rhein)
Alexandre-Victor Jouenne 1817-1849

Hautes-Alpes (05)[edit]

Gap[edit]
Nicolas Viard 1793-1794
Antoine Roch 1794-1797 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
François Roch 1797-1805 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
Laurent Roch 1805-1826 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
Hyacinthe Roch 1826-1836 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
 ? Schlick 1836-1841
Victor Roch 1841-1849 (his last name also appears as Rauch)

Alpes-Maritimes (06)[edit]

Nice[edit]
Joseph-François Desmorest 1798-1804
François Berger 1804-1805
Joseph-François Desmorest 1805-1814 (the same like from 1798-1804)

Bouches-du-Rhône (13)[edit]

Aix-en-Provence[edit]
Laurent-Martin Coquelin 1802-1809
Pierre-Gabriel Giraudon 1809–1810
Louis Alexis 1810-1811
Romain Labat 1811-1814
François-Joseph Férey 1814-1819
Bénigne-Nicolas-François Brochard 1819-1820
Nicolas Burckhard 1820-1834 (his last name is also written Bourgard)
Pierre-Thermidor Vermeille 1834-1842
Henri-Charles Desmorest 1842-1853
Laurent-Désiré Desmorest 1853-1860
Vincent Bornacini 1860-1870

Var (83)[edit]

Draguignan[edit]
Joseph Chaylan 1799-1802
Jean Wolff 1802
Matthieu Burckhard 1802-1814
François-Joseph Heidenreich 1814-1827
Jean-François Heidenreich 1827-1835
Nicolas Chtarque 1835-1841
Laurent Bornacini 1841-1848
Vincent Bornacini 1848-1849

Vaucluse (84)[edit]

Carpentras[edit]
François Berger 1797-1799
Pierre-Nicolas-François Desmorest 1799-1830
Adrien-Nicolas-Joseph Cané 1830-1834
Antoine Garoux 1834-1838
Jean-Jacques Erhardt 1838-1843
Louis-Henri Desmorest 1843-1849

Rhône-Alpes[edit]

Ain (01)[edit]

Bourg-en-Bresse[edit]
François Lauret active in 1738
Geniès Armilhon active round 1765 (former executioner of Clermont-Ferrand)
Nicolas Montagne active in 1766
Désiré Giboz active in 1792
Louis Ripert 1792-1793
Claude-Antoine Chrétien 1793-1794 (interim; executioner of Chalon)
Charles Frey 1794-1795
François Vially 1795-1796
Pierre Ripert 1796-1797 (interim; executioner of Lyon)
Jean-Pierre Reine 1797-1805 (his name also appears as Rhein)
Paul Martinet 1805-1808
Jean Guillamet 1808-1845
Nicolas Grosholtz 1845-1849

Ardèche (07)[edit]

Privas[edit]
Henri Labille 1793-1794
Pierre-Nicolas-François Desmorest 1794-1795
Jean-Pierre Bickler 1798-1811 (his last name also appears as Pickler)
Nicolas-Pierre Hermann 1811-1832
Pierre Roch 1832-1836 (his last name also appears as Rauch)
Léonard Richim 1836-1849

Drôme (26)[edit]

Valence[edit]
Laurent-Marin Coquelin 1792-1793
Jean-Pierre Combe 1793-1805
Jean-Baptiste-Oswald Cané 1805-1822
Jean-François Cané 1822-1835
François Wolff 1835-1844
Hyacinthe Roch 1844-1849 (his last name also appears as Rauch sometimes

Isère (38)[edit]

Grenoble[edit]
Antoine de Loches active in 1519
Guillaume de Leison active in 1553
Vincent Brun active in 1557
Michel Perrin active in 1562
 ? Lerbras c. 1565
 ? Rozeau c. 1575
 ? Palevin c. 1585
Michaud-Pierron c. 1595
Jean Brocard active in 1611
Jean Janon active in 1670
Jean Eynard active in 1674
Jean Janon active in 1691
Jacques Joubert 1702-1720
François Ripert 1725-1782
Jean Ripert 1782-1790
Pierre Ripert 1790-1793
François Pache active in 1793
Jean-Baptiste Desmorest 1794-1808
Pierre-Joseph Vermeille 1808-1820
Jean Guerchoux 1820-1835
Jean-François Heidenreich 1835-1847
Jean-Pierre Piot 1847-1862

Loire (42)[edit]

Feurs[edit]
Louis Faroux 1793-1795
Montbrison[edit]
Louis-Richard Faroux 1734-1760
Jean Faroux 1760-1793
Jean Faroux 1795-1799
Jean-Pierre Roch en 1799-1801 (last name also given as Rauch)
Louis Faroux 1801-1813
Joseph-François Desmorest 1813-1823
Nicolas Roch (fr) 1823-1849 (last name also given as Rauch)

Rhône (69)[edit]

Lyon[edit]
Jean Jacquenot 1525-1526; active again in 1529 ? (his last name also appears written as Jacquemot)
Antoine Benoît -1723 (Benoit and his wife have been murdered in the night from May 18 to 19, 1723)
Jean Lavoué 1723-1735
Marguerite-Julienne Le Paistour 1745-1749 (sacked after involving in a mayor robbery; married and became a housewife in Cancale)
Jean Ripert 1792-1794
Claude-Antoine Chrétien 1804-1842
Henri Lac 1853-1870

Savoie (73)[edit]

Chambéry[edit]
Laurent Rhein 1794-1810
Pierre Rhein 1810-1815
Jean-Emile Grosholtz 1860-1866
Jules Cané 1866-1868 (not 100% confirmed, but most likely)

Haute-Savoie (74)[edit]

no executioner known so far

Monsieur de Paris: The Executioners of the French Republic[edit]

In 1870 the Republic of France abolished all local executioners and named the executioner of Paris, Jean-François Heidenreich, Éxécuteur des Arrêts Criminels, which became France's official description of the executioner's occupation. From then on there would be only one executioner to carry out death sentences for all of France except Corsica which would follow in 1875. As the Republic's executioner was required to live in Paris, people soon started to refer to him as "Monsieur de Paris", "The Mister from Paris". At the occasion of his nomination, Heidenreich could choose four among France's former local executioners to be his aides.

Jean-François Heidenreich 1871–1872
Nicolas Roch (fr) 1872–1879
Louis Deibler (fr) 1879–1898
Anatole Deibler 1899–1939
Jules-Henri Desfourneaux 1939–1951
André Obrecht 1951–1976
Marcel Chevalier 1976–1981

Les Départements Outre-Mer:[edit]

Guadeloupe (971)[edit]

Martinique (972)[edit]

Guyane (973)[edit]

La Réunion (974)[edit]

Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon (975)[edit]

Mayotte (976)[edit]

Saint-Barthélemy (977)[edit]

Saint-Martin (978)[edit]

Les Territoires Outre-Mer:[edit]

Wallis-et-Futuna (986)[edit]

Polynésie française (987)[edit]

Nouvelle-Calédonie (988)[edit]

Île de Clipperton (989)[edit]

French Guyana[edit]

Monsieur de Cayenne: The Executioners of the French Republic[edit]

Cayenne Central Prison never used its own guillotine.. All death sentences of convicts and locally condemned prisoners were conducted at Saint-Laurent.

Monsieur de Saint-Laurent: The Executioners of the Bagne[edit]

All executioners of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni were Bagne inmates themselves.

Rasséguier 1860(?)- 1889
Louis-Auguste Chaumet 1889-1898/1900
Isidore Hespel 1898–1921 (nicked "Le Chacal" by the other inmates)
Bonnefoy 1921–1923 (inmate nº 42164; nicked "Charlot" by the other inmates)
Louis Ladurelle 1923–1937 (his name also appears as Ladurel)
Clouziot 1937–1943 (nicked "Mouche à Bœuf" by the other inmates)

Germany[edit]

Pre-Germany Executioners[edit]

Mannäi ~20 a.C. (Machaerus)

Local Executioners (1276 to between 1848 and 1871)[edit]

Ansbach[edit]

Friedrich ? (also known as Meister Friedrich) 1575-1611

Augsburg[edit]

(name not found out yet) 13th Century (The first one ever nominated as a professional executioner in Germany; that was in 1276, and for the first time – simultaneously – an executioner's job description was published)
Veit Stolz 1538-1613
Joas Lemler ~1567
Hans Deibler 1572-1594 (Before 1561-1571 in Memmingen; ancestor to the French Republic's- executioners Louis Deibler and Anatole Deibler)
Michael Deibler 1594-1621
Dietrich Metz 1621-1624?
Georg Leichumb 1624-1629
Max Philipp Hartmann 1677-1679
Johann Adam Hartmann 1686-1706
Johann Jakob Scheller ~1705
 ? Kuisle -1714
Franz Trenckhler 1714-1723
Johann Georg Tränckler 1723-1730
Johann Adam Scheller ~1730
Johann Georg Tränckhler ~1768
Johann Pflügler -1789 (suicided 1790)

Babenhausen[edit]

 ? Fischer ~1711

Bamberg[edit]

 ? Schmidt ~1537

Berlin[edit]

Benedictus Barsch 1535-1560
Hermann Rüter, or Hartmann Rüter 1560–1571
Caspar Spiegel 1576-1586
Martin Heintze 1586-?
Hans Lissen 1631-1636
Gottfried Zürek 1636-1639
 ? Gebhart 1639-1653
Hans Rudolff 1647-1655
Gottfried ? 1655
Caspar Götze 1655-1669
Hans Müller 1669-1680
Heinrich Müller 1681-1690
Martin Koblentz 1690-1702
Hans Michael Eichfeld 1702-1705
Augustin Konrad Walter 1705-1710
Hans Michael Eichfeld 1710-1714
Christopf Stoff 1714
 ? Neumann 1714-1719
Georg Wilhelm 1720-1728
Martin Hennings 1729-1731
Martin Weydemann ~1731
Gottfried Weydemann 1745-1748
Jakob Kratzel 1748-1752
 ? Meyer 1752-1769
Johann Daniel Brandt 1769-1808
Christian Friedrich Krafft 1808-1819
August Hellriegel 1818-1834
 ? Hormuth 1834
A. W. Krafft 1834-1860

Bernau[edit]

Johann Christoph Jeck 1729-1730
 ? Michaelis 1730-1740
Martin Gottlieb Koch 1740-1747
Andreas Kleine 1747-17??
August Heinrich Kaufmann 1780-1802
Carl Friedrich Kaufmann 1802-1836?
Wilhelm Weber 1836-1850
Carl Altmann 1853-1874?
Friedrich Schmidt 1874-1877
Ferdinand August Zimmermann 1877-?

Biberach[edit]

Barthel Deibler (also Deübler) ~1637

Bitterfeld[edit]

 ? Heintze (known as Sohn des Torgauers) 16..?

Borna[edit]

 ? Polster ~1723

Bötzow, Oranienburg[edit]

Dietrich Jeck ~1586

Braunschweig[edit]

Claus Frölich ~1652
Christoph Pfeffer ~1724
 ? Funcke ~1818

Bremen[edit]

 ? Adelarius -1539
Christian Schwarz 1827–1860 (Unknown when he passed from Bremen City's local executioner to Bremen's state executioner; from 1843 to 1859 he also was Hannover's state executioner)
Johann Christian Göppel 1738-

Brüx[edit]

 ? Huß ~1760

Burgau[edit]

Georg Vollmair ~1734

Burglengenfeld[edit]

Georg Vollmar ~1644

Celle[edit]

Suhr family ~1650–1750

Cologne[edit]

Franz Joseph Wohlmuth ~1566

Dillingen[edit]

Johann Vollmar ~1639

Dinkelsbühl[edit]

 ? Span ~1644 (

Donauwörth[edit]

Marx Deibler (also Max Deubler) ~1625
Jakob Bickle ~1640
Johann Michael Kober ~1720
Johann Hörmann 1802-1833

Dresden[edit]

Melchior Wahl "von Dreißigacker" 1630-1647
Melchior Vogel -1695

Dühnen[edit]

 ? Voss ~1817

Eger[edit]

 ? Peter ~1486
 ? Philipp ~1581
 ? Huß -1781
Karl Huß 1781-1827

Frankenstein[edit]

Andreas Boden ~1644

Frankfurt am Main[edit]

Schelm von Bergen Mid-12th Century (Most likely not a professional executioner)
 ? Hans ~1370
 ? Friedrich ~1446
Jonas Fischer -1590

Füssen[edit]

Jakob Bayr ~1720

Görlitz[edit]

 ? Kühn -1641

Günzburg[edit]

Bartholomaeus Abrel -1652
Berthin Aberel -1659
Barthlome Abrell -1707
Johann Michael Klingensteiner 1707-17??
Johann Klingensteiner -1765 (Günzburg)
Josef Anton Klingensteiner ~1775 (Günzburg)

Haigerloch[edit]

Steinmeyer family ~1750
Jakob Steinmeyer 1764-
Xaver Steinmeyer ~1779

Halle[edit]

 ? Fritz ~1747

Hamburg[edit]

 ? Vicko 1372-1384
Peter Funcke 1384-1402?
 ? Rosenfeld ~1402
Johann Hagedorn 1471-
Michael Dannenberg -1485
Klaus Flügge 1485-1488
Hinrich Penningk 1521-1528
Claus Rose 1528-1547
Heinrich Wendeborn 1547-1576
Jürgen Böhme 1576-1612
Max Graf 1612-1621
Valtin Matz 1622-1639
 ? Gebhart (or Gevert?) 1639-?
Ismael Asthusen I. 1653-1664
Berthold Deutschmann 1664-1674
Jakob Stoeff 1674-1685
Ismael Asthusen II. 1685-1703
Ismael Asthusen III. 1703-1722
Franz Wilhelm Hennings I. 1722-? (1735?)
Ismael Asthusen IV. 17?? (1735?) -1767
Franz Wilhelm Hennigs II. 1767-1773
Franz Wilhelm Hennings III. 1773
Franz Wilhelm Hennings IV. 1773-1790
Franz Wilhelm Hennings V. 1790-1822
Franz Wilhelm Hennings VI. 1822-1830
Raphael Georg Voigt 1830-1852

Hannover[edit]

Johann Hartmann 1818–1831
Johann Voß –1843
Christian Schwarz 1843–1857 (from 1857 to 1859 Hannover's state executioner; local executioner in Bremen from 1827 to 1860)

Heidelberg[edit]

 ? Nord ~1812

Heilbronn[edit]

Hans Maurer ~1446 ()

Helmstedt[edit]

 ? Ingermann ~1609

Hof[edit]

Heinrich Schmidt 16th Century (father of Nürnberg's Franz Schmidt)

Holzen[edit]

Michael Schiler -1639

Hoya[edit]

Christian Ludwig Fröhlich 1830-

Husum[edit]

Albert Möller -1630
Philipp Möller -1630

Kaufbeuren[edit]

Hans Abril ~1659
Hans Conrad Näher -1666
Christoph Seitz ~1685
Conrad Fuchs ~1705
Johannes Seitz ~1715
Mattheß Fux ~1720
Johann Seitz ~1732
Johann Michael Weydenkeller 1732-1757
Johann Georg Fux 1773-

Kempten[edit]

Georg Kuisl ~1665
Andreas Klingensteiner ~1701 (Kempten)
 ? Deigentesch -1708 (Kempten)

Kiel[edit]

 ? Pickel (also Bickel) ~1722

Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia)[edit]

Johann Christoph Neumann 1756-

Landeck, Silesia (now in Poland[edit]

 ? Stein ~1800

Lauingen[edit]

Johann Vollmar ~1652

Leipzig[edit]

Heyland family 1600-
Christoph Hain ~1621
Christoph Heintze -1695
Polster family 1695-

Lentzen[edit]

Heintze (known as Sohn des Torgauers) mid-17th Century

Lindau[edit]

Johann Näher 1623-1640 / 1650- (1639-1650 in Zurich, Switzerland)

Markt Oberdorf[edit]

Hans Enderes Abrel ~1628
Andreas Kuisl 1655-1678
Wilhelm Kober -1714
Nikolaus Kober 1714-1763
Wilm Kober 1763–1786
Baptist Trinkler ~1786

Memmingen[edit]

Hans Leycham 1553-1561?
Hans Deibler 1561-1571 (After 1571 til 1594 in Augsburg; ancestor to the French Republic's executioners Louis Deibler and Anatole Deibler)
Jakob Deibler (also Teübler) 1571-
Bartholme Deibler (also Teubler) 1607-
Matheus Fux (also Matheiß Fux) 1656-1696
Conrad Fux ~1696
Johann Fuchs -1720
Johann Conrad Nejer ~1720
 ? Widemann 1743-1767
Heinrich Widmann ~1772
Jakob Bickel ~1773
Johann Michael Widemann ~1777
Heinrich Widmann ~1778

Munich[edit]

Martin ? ~1760
Martin Hörmann 1813–1841 (Munich)
Lorenz Scheller 1829–1854 (after 1854, Scheller was Bavaria's state executioner)

Nördlingen[edit]

Dietrich Brenner ~1469
Ulrich Tucher ~1515
Conrat Raab 1557-1565
Conrad Fischer 1565-1568
Ulrich Fischer 1568-
Hans Jerg Defner ~1677

Nürnberg[edit]

Hans Wintter 1460-1470
Hans ? ~1479
 ? Gilg 1525
Franz Schmidt (also known as Meister Franz) 1572-1617; was the first executioner to ever write a book about his occupation; deceased 1634)
Bernhard Schlegel 1617-
Valentin Deusser -1641 (carried out sentences just a few months)
Matthäus Perger 1645-
Johann Michael Widmann 1738–1757 (Nürnberg)

Ohlau[edit]

Andreas Tinel ~1600

Öttingen[edit]

Caspar Vollmer -1640
Philipp Deibler (also Deubler) 1643-
Johann Fuchs ~1650 (deceased 1672)
Georg Vollmer 1668-
Georg Schöppelen 1690-

Passau[edit]

Kaspar Neithart ~1618

Pfaffenhausen[edit]

Johann Adam Scheller 1718-

Regensburg[edit]

Johann Fuchs ~1720

Sangershausen[edit]

Emanuel Hamel ~1860

Schönegg[edit]

Johann Trenkler ~1722

Schongau[edit]

Jörg Abriel (also Georg Abrellen) 1572-1594?
Hans Kuisl -1627
Georg Abrellen -1643
Hans Jakob Kuisl 1683-1696
Hans Kuisl 1711-1734
Jakob Kuisl 1735-
Johann Georg Widmann 1751–1781
Josef Benedikt Kuisl 1783–1807
Johann Michael Kuisl 18??- (Most likely the last executioner for Schongau)

Schrobenhausen[edit]

 ? Schmidt ~1740

Schwabmünchen[edit]

Jakob Stangel 1583-
Leonhard Tallhover ~1720
 ? Rörle -1800

Siegburg[edit]

 ? Hansen (known as "Dr. Hansen") -1694

Sonthofen[edit]

Andreas Kuisl 1678-
Johann Michael Kopp 1703–1753
Johannes Georg Kopp 1753–1801
Remigus Metz 1801-

Sponheim[edit]

Eberhard Schmid 1774-

Stuttgart[edit]

Markus Bickel 1660-
Jakob Bickel
Andreas Bickel
Johannes Bickel -1691
Adolph Grossholz ~1720 (Stuttgart)

Thann in Bavaria[edit]

 ? Kester -1544

Torgau[edit]

 ? Heintze before 1695 (father of Leipzig executioner Christoph Heintze)

Ulm[edit]

Hans Conrad Näher 1666-
Dietrich Deigentesch ~1680

Waal[edit]

Johann Georg Igel -1783
Franz Xaver Igel 1783-

Wassertüdingen[edit]

Carl Fuchs ~1677

Weißenhorn[edit]

two brothers Metz ~1640
Jakob Igel ~1787
Josef Igel ~1798

Wittstock[edit]

Hans ? 1537


Wrietzen[edit]

Martin Heintze ~1606

State Executioners (from 1848 and 1871 to 1936/37)[edit]

Baden[edit]

Michael Müller 1854–1886
Franz Müller 1886–1888
Jakob Müller 1888–1908
Karol Wypyszewski 1893-1896 (Baden)
Benjamin Burckhardt 1884–1896 (Baden)
Karl Burckhardt 1896–1935 (state executioner also for Württemberg and Hesse)
Karl Müller 1908– after 1922 (Since 1921 state executioner also for Hesse)
Konrad Widder 1922–1923 (Baden)
Friedrich Hehr 1935–1949 (state executioner also for Württemberg and Hesse, from 1937 on imperial executioner)

Bavaria[edit]

Anton Leisner -1852
Heinrich Graul ~1852 (Bavarian Palatinate)
Lorenz Scheller 1854–1880
Franz Reichhart after 1854
 ? Kisslinger -1894
Franz Xaver Reichhart 1894–1924 (Bavaria)
Johann Baptist Reichhart (Bavaria) 1924-1937 (from 1937 on imperial Executioner)

Bremen[edit]

Christian Schwarz 1827–1860 (Unknown when he was nominated from Bremen City's local executioner to Bremen state executioner; from 1843 to 1859 he also was the state's executioner in Hannover)

Hannover[edit]

Christian Schwarz 1857–1859 (from 1843 til 1857 local executioner for Hannover; also local executioner in Bremen from 1827 to 1860)
 ? Bormann 1859–1870
Julius Krautz 1870-1878 (after 1878 state executioner for Prussia)

Hesse[edit]

Karl Burckhardt 1896–1935 (state executioner also for Baden and Württemberg)
Karl Müller 1921 (from 1908 to after 1922 also state executioner in Baden)
Friedrich Hehr 1935–1949 (state executioner also for Baden and Württemberg, from 1937 on imperial executioner)

Prussia[edit]

Georg Eduard Voigt 1852–
Julius Krautz 1878–1889 (until 1878 state executioner of Hannover)
Friedrich Reindel 1889–1898
Wilhelm Reindel 1899–1901
Alwin Engelhardt 1900–1906 (executioner for once more, and also for Saxony, from 1933 to 1936)
Lorenz Schwietz 1900–1914
Richard Schwietz 1913–1915
Carl Gröpler 1906–1937 (after 1927 executioner also for Saxony)
Paul Spaethe 1912–1924 (1923 also Saxony)
Joseph Kurz (also Kurzer) 1924–1927
Fritz Reichelt 1927–1933
Alwin Engelhardt 1933–1936 (executioner also for Saxony from 1933 to 1936)

Saxony[edit]

 ? Fritzsche active in the 1840s and 50s
Otto Oswald Brand -1885 ()
w:de:Moritz Brand 1885-1923/1927
Paul Spaethe 1923-1927 (state executioner for Prussia from 1912 to 1924)
Carl Gröpler 1927–1937 (from 1906 til 1937 executioner also for Prussia)
Alwin Engelhardt 1933–1936 (executioner also for Saxony from 1933 to 1936; executed Martinus van der Lubbe)

Württemberg[edit]

 ? Schwarz -1888
 ? Siller 1888–1926 (Württemberg)
Karl Burckhardt 1896–1935 (state executioner also for Baden and Hesse)
Friedrich Hehr 1935–1949 (state executioner also for Baden and Hesse, from 1937 on imperial executioner)

Unknown[edit]

Hans Kordess –1918 (according to the New York Times April 25, 1918)

Imperial Executioners (from 1936/37 to 1945)[edit]

Ernst Reindel 1936–1943 (sources vary about his start)
Johann Baptist Reichhart (Bavaria) 1937-1945 (from 1924 to 1937 state executioner for Bavaria; from 1945 to 1947 Interim time and Occupation executioner)
Friedrich Hehr 1937–1945 (from 1935 to 1937 state executioner for Baden, Württemberg and Hesse; from 1945 to 1949 Interim time and Occupation executioner)
Karl Burckhardt 1937–1945 (before 1935 state executioner for Baden, Hesse and Württemberg)
Gottlob Bordt 1940–1945
Alfred Roselieb 1941–1945
Wilhelm Friedrich Röttger 1942–1945
Karl Henschke 1943–1945
August Köster 1943–1945
Alois Weiß 1943–1945
Johann Mühl 1943–1945 (from 1946 to 1947 Interim time executioner)
Fritz Witzka 1943–1945

Concentration Camp Executioners (from 1938 to 1945)[edit]

Buchenwald[edit]

Hermann Helbig
Martin Sommer 1938-1943

Westerbork[edit]

Klaas Faber (-1945)

Interim Executioners (from 1945 to 1949)[edit]

Johann Baptist Reichhart (Bavaria) 1945-1947 (from 1924 to 1937 state executioner for Bavaria; from 1937 to 1945 Imperial executioner; also Occupation executioner with the rope for the American Military justice)
Friedrich Hehr 1945–1949 (from 1935 to 1937 state executioner for Baden, Württemberg and Hesse; from 1937 to 1945 Imperial executioner; after 1946 also Occupation executioner with the rope for the British Military justice)
Johann Mühl 1946-1947 (from 1943 to 1945 Imperial executioner)
Wilhelm Burckhard 1945-1949
Clemens Dobbek after 1945, "working" in 1947
Horst Schwenke after 1945-1949 (possibly still nominated/active for Western Berlin after 1949; executed Berthold Wehmeyer May 11, 1949, the last sentence carried out by order of a German court in Germany)
Walter Böttcher after 1945 (from 1949 on executioner in the German Democratic Republic)
Heinz M. 1946–
Clemens Dobbek - 1949 (after 1949 executioner for Western Berlin)

West Germany (1949 to 1951/53)[edit]

Except for Western Berlin where the Allied did not validate the new German constitution, West Germany had abolished capital punishment May 23, 1949. For West Berlin, the death penalty would still continue in law until January 20, 1951. Despite at least one executioner continued nominated, no death sentences or executions ordered by German courts in that period have been reported so far.

Clemens Dobbek 1949-1951 (before 1949 interim executioner, most likely in West Berlin only)

East Germany (1949 to 1987)[edit]

Walter Böttcher 1949-1960s
Hermann Lorenz 1968–1987 (last execution carried out June 25, 1981)

Occupation Executioners (from 1945 to 1992)[edit]

Germans[edit]

Johann Baptist Reichhart (Bavaria) 1945-1947 (from 1924 to 1937 state executioner for Bavaria; from 1937 to 1945 Imperial executioner; after 1945 also Interim time executioner with the guillotine for German justice; executed for the US Military justice)
Friedrich Hehr 1946–1952 (from 1935 to 1937 state executioner for Baden, Württemberg and Hesse; from 1937 to 1945 Imperial executioner; after 1945 also Interim time executioner with the guillotine for German justice; executed for the British Military justice)
Gustav Völpel 1945–1950 (in 1950 arrested, condemned for burglary and armed robberies and in jail until 1957; executed for the Soviet Military)

Americans[edit]

John Clarence Woods 1944-1946
Joseph Malta 1946-1947

British[edit]

Albert Pierrepoint 1945-1949 (from 1932 to 1941 assistant executioner and then chief executioner until 1956 in England)

Soviet[edit]

India[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Elizabeth "Betty" Sugrue (known as "Lady Betty") probably 1776–1802 (Roscommon)[4]

ISIS[edit]

Mohammed Emwazi -2015 (British citizen known as Jihadi John)
Maxime Hauchard active in 2014 (French citizen converted to Islam in 2008)
Michael Dos Santos active in 2014 (French citizen who's been using the name Abou Othman after his conversion to Islam)

Israel[edit]

w:nl:Shalom Nagar 1962

Japan[edit]

Yamada Asaemon (山田浅右衛門) 1736?−1881

Libya[edit]

Benghazi[edit]

Huda Ben Amir 1984- [5]

Malaysia[edit]

Tadashi Suzuki 1941-1945 (Japanese occupation executioner for Butterworth and Pulau Pinang) [6]
Rajendran Kuppusamy -1986 (died Nov. 15, 2011) [7]
Kesavan A. Arumugam before 2001 - after 2010

Netherlands[edit]

Amsterdam[edit]

Gerardus Jansen -1826
Jacobus Ras 1826-1837
Dirk Jansen 1837-1870

Groningen[edit]

Joannes Jansen 1821-1851

Utecht[edit]

Hans Pruijm 1604-1621

New Caledonia[edit]

Monsieur de Nouméa: The Exexcutioners of the French Republic[edit]

Monsieur de la Bagne: The Executioners of the Bagne[edit]

All executioners of New Caledonia's Bagne were inmates themselves.

Petit 1867-1874
Meyer 1874
Ambarreck 1874-
Henri Brissac possibliy -September 1879 (as a death penalty opposer and Commune de Paris member he was forced to "work" as an aide and most likely to execute later
Guerino after 1874 or 1879 - before 1882
Ledoux - c. 1882
Jean-Louis Macé c. 1882-1905 (nicked "Monsieur Nou" by the other inmates; last name also appears as Massé)
Rieusset 1905- (last name also given as Rieussec)
Paturot active in 1920
 ? Julian after 1920
Dalstein active in 1933
 ? unknown Javanese inmate active in 1934
Jugaret 1937–1943 (nicked "La Gueule" by the other inmates)

New Zealand[edit]

Tom Long 1877–1908

Norway[edit]

w:no:Augustus Høcker 1689–1721
w:no:Johan Heinrich Helmschläger 1684–1760
w:no:August Lædel 1733–1749
w:no:Anton Lædel 1799–1833
w:no:Torbjørn Pedersen 1828–1834
w:no:Samson Isberg 1841–1864
w:no:Theodor Larsen 1864–

Pakistan[edit]

In Pakistan, executioners have obligatorily to be Christians.

Tara Masih -1984 (hanged Zulfikar Ali Bhutto)
Kala Masih (active in 1931, when he hanged Bhagat Singh)
Lal Masih 1984-2010
Sadiq Masih (senior) (son of Kala Masih)
Sadiq Masih (junior) 1984- (son of Sadiq Masih senior)
Sabir Masih 2006/7- (son of Sadiq Masih junior)

Papal States[edit]

Giovanni Bugatti 1796–1865
Antonio Balducci 1865–1870

Poland[edit]

Jan Mueller –1793
Stefan Böhm 1793-1813 or before
Maciejewski -1928
Jan Maciejewski -1932
Artur Braun 1932 (no executions, fired the morning after his nomination for shooting around woefully drunk while celebrating his new "job")
Piotr Śmietański 1948 or before-1951

Portugal[edit]

Belchior Nunes Carrasco 15th Century (from his last name appeared the Portuguese word carrasco meaning hangman)

Romania[edit]

Ionel Boeru leader of the Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu couple firing squad December 25, 1989
Dorin Cârlan member of the Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu couple firing squad December 25, 1989
Octavian Gheorghiu member of the Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu couple firing squad December 25, 1989

Russia (USSR)[edit]

Mikhail Rodionovich Matveev 1918-1923 / 1927-1937 or 1939
Vasili Blokhin 1926–1952
Dmitry Vladimirovitch Uspensky 1929 (or before) - 1931 (or after)
Piotr Ivanovich Maggo 1931-1940
Ernst Ansovich Mach 1937- before 1948

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Abdallah Al-Bishi
Ahmed Rezkallah
Muhammad Saad al-Beshi[8][9]
Saeed Al-Sayaf

Singapore[edit]

 ? Seymour -1959
Darshan Singh 1959–2005 (sacked); 2005-2006 (readmitting to retirement) (so Singh did not carry out the execution of Van Tuong Nguyen in 2005)[10][11][12]

South Africa[edit]

Christiaan "Chris" Barnard 1962–1986 (no relation to heart surgeon Christiaan Barnard)

Spain[edit]

Audiencia de Madrid[edit]

Francisco Ruiz Castellano 1879 (or before) - 1888 (or after)
Francisco Zamora 1888 (or after) - 1897
Áureo Fernández Carrasco 1897-1916
Casimiro Municio Aldea 1915-1935
Cándido Cartón 1940-1949 (see also Audiencia de Sevilla 1936-1939)
Antonio López Sierra 1949–1975

Audiencia de Barcelona[edit]

Nicomedes Méndez López 1866-1912
Rogelio Pérez Cicario 1913-1924
Federico Muñoz Contreras 1924-1935
Vicente López Copete 1953-1974

Audiencia de Burgos[edit]

Lorenzo Huertas 1885-1890
Gregorio Mayoral Sendino 1890-1928

Audiencia de Sevilla[edit]

José Caballero Quintana active in 1906
Cándido Cartón 1936-1939 (see also Audiencia de Madrid 1940-1949)
Bartolomé Casanueva Ramírez 1940-1948
Bernardo Sánchez Bascuñana 1949-1972
José Monero Renomo 1972-1977

Audiencia de Valladolid[edit]

Florencio Fuentes Estébanez 1941 (or before) - 1953

Audiencia de Zaragoza[edit]

Marcos ? -1840
José González Irigoyen 1840-1896

Sweden[edit]

Mikael Reissuer (Stockholm) 1635-1650 (nicked Mäster Mikael)
Gabriel Alexandersson Meijer end 1600s - beginning 1700s
Alexander Gabrielsson Meijer (Västmanland, Uppsala) 1721-1741 (son of Gabriel Alexandersson Meijer)
Gabriel Meijer d.ä. (Örebro) 1741-1765 or before (son of Alexander Gabrielsson Meijer)
Anders Persson Trafware 1702-1721 (Gävleborg)
Lars Flink (Östergötland) active in 1719
Brun (Malmö) active in 1743
Carl Hjerpe (Göteborg) 1765-1784
Lars Hjerpe (Göteborg) 1784-1807 (son of Carl Hjerpe)
Erik Lyckman (Kopparberg, Gävleborg, Västernorrland) before 1794-1798
w:sv:Jonas Sandwall (skarprättare) (Asarum) active in 1794
Niclas Öberg (Harbäcken, Strömsund) -1813
Hemming Sjögren (Sjöbo) 1816 or before - 1825 or after (himself executed ?)
Carl Magnus Lidman (Uppsala, Gävleborg, Västernorrland) active in 1822
Olof Olsson Häll (military and settlement executioner) 1827-1833
Carl Ludvig Nafström (Stockholm) 1832-1859)
Styf från Hörsne (Hörsne, Gotland) -1854 (himself executed for murder March 5, 1845)
Hans Carlsson (Blekinge, Skåne) -1838
Anders Pettersson (Blekinge, Skåne) 1838–1868
Magnus Jarl 1840 or before - 1861 or after
Jacob Gyll (Västerbotten) active in 1851
Johannes Jansson (Göteborg) 1854 or before - 1857 or after
Magnus Ferm (Örebro) active in 1858
Johan Fredrik Hjort (Stockholm) 1859–1882
Per Petter Christiansson Steineck (Jönköping/Vadstena) 1861–1887
Albert Gustaf Dahlman (originally in Stockholm, from 1901 for the entire country) 1885–1920 (in Sweden known as known as w:sv:Anders Gustaf Dahlman)

Switzerland[edit]

Aargau[edit]

Franz Josef Mengis carried out Canton (= State) of Aargau's last public execution May 24, 1854, in Lenzburg

Appenzell Innerrhoden[edit]

Ulrich Styvater 1404-

Bâle[edit]

Bernhard Schlegel -1374 (murdered by theft victim Peter Agsten after the thief hanged got back to live)
Claus von Offenburg 1393- or -1393 (?)
Hans Körber 1424-1436
Hans Seckeler 1430-1445
Hans Krämer 1445-1448 (nicknamed "Gangkly")
Hans Heyd 1448-1449
Ulrich von Eger 1449-1458
Ulrich von Honwile 1458-1467 or -1474 (?)
Hans Schatz 1474-1476
Jakob Rennisfeld 1476-1488
Jakob Nydegger 1488-1497
Ulrich 1497-1509
Conrad von Horn 1509-1511 or -1516 (?)
Hans Schenk 1516-518
Gilg Beck 1518-1529
Jakob 1529-1537
Niklaus Rod 1537-1541
Jörg Volmar 1541 (himself decapitated for murder still in 1541)
Niklaus Schnatz 1545-1546, 1552 (contract executioner from Berne)
Pauli Fuerer 1559-1569 or - 1572 (?)
Georg Käser 1572-1592 or -1612 (?)
 ? Iseli 1612-1633
Thomas Iseli 1633
Conrad von Hagen 1633-1635
Georg ? 1635-1652
Paulus Stunzt 1652 (contracted executioner from Saint-Gall)
Jakob Günther 1652-1692
Georg Friedrich Günther 1692-1714 or -1726 (?)
Hans Jakob Günther 1692
 ? von Hagen 1694-1695 or -1726 (?)
Sebastian Näher 1726-1745
Friedrich Näher 1745-1758 or -1766 (?)
Martin Mengis 1766-1804
Peter Mengis 1804-1838
Jacob Mengis 1838-1850 (contracted executioner from Aargau since Bâle chose to not have an own executioner after 1838.

Fribourg[edit]

 ? Deigentesch ~1716

Geneva[edit]

François Tabazan before 1602 - before 1624

Glarus[edit]

 ? Vollmer ~1782
see also Schwyz

Lucerne[edit]

Baltzer Mengis ~1652 (also referred to as Balthasar Mengis)

Saint-Gall[edit]

Vollmar family 1695-
Johannes Bettenmann -1843
see also Schwyz

Schwyz[edit]

Christoph Mengis -1651
Christoph II. Mengis 1651-1681
Johannes Mengis 1681-1695
Balthasar Mengis 1695-1723
Bernhard Mengis 1723-
 ? Mengis -1779
Johann Melchior Grossholz -1815
Augustin Grossholz 1815–1826
Joseph Pickel 1826–1829
Oswald Schlumpf 1829–1830
Johann Bettenmann 1855–1857 (also for Saint-Gall)
Franz Xaver Schmid 1830–1855 (also for Zug and Glarus)

Thurgau[edit]

Johann Näher 1797-1839

Uri[edit]

Franz Josef Grossholz active in 1765
Nikolaus Grossholz active in 1833
Vinzenz Grossholz 1861-

Zug[edit]

Franz Grossholz 1822–
Arthur X. August 25, 1939 (official reference to the voluntary executioner of w:de:Paul Irniger, the "taxi killer of Baar"; born September 16, 1915, Arthur X. was given entrance at Burghölzli mental institution in Zurich because of paranoid schizophrenia September 12, 1947; September 1952 he was transferred to Waldhaus mental institution in Chur where he deceased January 26, 1960)[13]
see also Schwyz

Zurich[edit]

Cunrat Grossholz 1473-
Paulus Volmar 1587-
Hans Jakob Volmar
Hans Jakob II. Volmar
Johann Näher 1639-1650 (1623-1640 and again after 1650 in Lindau, Germany)
Hans Jakob III. Volmar -1697
Hans Jakob IV. Volmar 1697- 1711
 ? Vollmer 20ies of the 19th century

Federal Executioner for all Swiss Death Penalty Cantons[edit]

Theodor Mengis 1879–1918
Theodor Mengis Junior 1918-1958

Thailand[edit]

Chavoret Jaruboon 1984-2003

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[edit]

Cratwell to 1538 (London; in 1538 he was himself hanged for robbery)[14][15]
"Stump-leg" to 1556 (London; he was himself hanged for theft)[14][16]
 ? Bull before 1587–1601 (London)
Thomas Derrick 1601- before 1616 (London)
Gregory Brandon before 1616- before 1640 (London)
Richard Brandon before 1640–1649 (London)
William Lowen 1649 (London)[17]
Edward Dun 1649–1663 (London)[18] (the subject of Groanes from Newgate, or an Elegy upon Edward Dun. Esq., the Citie's Common Hangman, who died naturally in his bed the 11th of September, 1663. Written by a person of Quality)[19]
Jack Ketch 1663–1686 (London)
Paskah Rose 1686 (Bleackley (1929) graphs his name as Pasha Rose; London)
John Price 1714–1715 (London)
William Marvell 1715–1717 (London)
James Aird 1715–1723 (Scotland)
 ? Banks (known as Banks the Bailiff) 1717- after 1718 (London)[20]
Richard Arnet before 1726–1728[20] (London; hanged Jonathan Wild in 1725[21])
John Hooper 1728–1735[22] (London; known as "the laughing hangman"[22])
John Thrift 1735–1752 (convicted of murder in 1750, but pardoned and continued in office (London);[23][24] executed Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat on 9 April 1747, the last man to be beheaded in England.[25])
Thomas Turlis 1752–1771 (London; hanged Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers with a silken rope, the last nobleman to be hanged in England[26])
Edward Dennis 1771–1786 (London; the last hangman at Tyburn and the first at Newgate;[27] died 21 November 1786 at his home in the Old Bailey[28])
Edward Barlow 1781–1812 (Lancashire)
William Brunskill career lasted from 1786 to 1814 (London)[29] (started as assistant to Edward Dennis;[27] executed Catherine Murphy in 1789, the last woman to be burned at the stake in England)
Samuel Burrows 1802-1834 (Cheshire)
William Taylor −1810[citation needed]
William "John" Curry 1802-1835 (Yorkshire)
James Botting 1813/17-1819 (London)
John Langley 1814–1817 (London)[30]
James Botting 1817–1820
John Milne (executioner) -1818 (Aberdeen)
Thomas Cheshire 1820-1829 (London; known as "Old Cheese";[31] assistant from 1808 to 1820 and from 1820 to 1840)[32]
James Foxen 1820–1829 (London; name also given as Foxten)
Samuel Haywood 1820-1848 (Leicestershire & the Midlands)
William Lee −1827[citation needed]
George Mitchell 1828-1845 (Southwest)
William Calcraft 1829–1874
James Coates 1835-1839 (Yorkshire)
John Scott 1835–1847 (last executioner of Edinburgh)[33]
John Wilkinson 1839-1840 (Yorkshire; no execution carried out)
Nathaniel Howard 1840-1853 (Yorkshire)
George Smith 1843–1872
Thomas Askern 1856–1877 (initially Yorkshire)
Robert Anderson Evans 1873–1883
William Marwood 1872–1883
George Meker, or George Incher 1875–1881 (Staffordshire)
Bartholomew Binns 1883–1884
James Berry 1884–1891 (Home Office List)
James Billington 1884–1901 (Home Office List)
Thomas Henry Scott 1892–1895 (Home Office List)
William Warbrick 1893-1910 (Home Office List)
Thomas Billington 1897–1901 (Home Office List)
Henry Pierrepoint 1900–1910 (Home Office List)
John Ellis 1901–1923 (Home Office List)
William Billington 1902–1905 (Home Office List)
John Billington 1902–1905 (Home Office List)
William Willis 1906–1926 (Home Office List; assistant to John Ellis from 1906;[34] assisted him in the execution of Hawley Harvey Crippen[35])
Thomas Pierrepoint 1906–1946 (Home Office List)
Robert Baxter 1915–1935 (Home Office List)
Thomas Phillips 1918–1941 (Home Office List)
Robert Wilson 1920–1936 (Home Office List)
Alfred Allen 1928–1937 (Home Office List)
Stanley Cross 1932–1941 (Home Office List)
Albert Pierrepoint 1932–1956 (Home Office List)
Henry Kirk, or Harry Kirk 1941–1950 (Home Office List)
Stephen Wade 1941–1955 (Home Office List)
Harry Bernard Allen 1941–1964 (Home Office List)
Syd Dernley 1949–1954 (assistant)
Robert Leslie Stewart 1950–1964 (Home Office List)
Royston Lawrence Rickard 1953–1964 (assistant)
Harry Frank Robinson 1958–1964 (assistant)
Samuel Barrass Plant 1961–1964 (assistant)
John Underhill 1963–1964 (assistant)

United States of America[edit]

John C. Woods (1911–1950). Hangman for the Third Army in WWII. He was one of the hangmen who executed Nazi war criminals.

Joseph Malta (1918–1999) was the hangman who, with John C. Woods, executed the top 10 leaders of the Third Reich in Nuremberg on October 16, 1946, for crimes against humanity.

Alabama[edit]

Clarence Burford, warden at Kilby Prison from 1952–1965, was involved in several executions[36]
Murray Daniels, assistant warden at Kilby Prison in the 1950s, involved in eleven executions[37]
J.D. White, warden at Holman Correctional Facility from 1980 to 1983, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences. Executed Alabama's first post-Furman inmate, John Louis Evans on April 22, 1983.[38]
Willie Johnson, warden at Holman Correctional Facility from 1983 to 1988, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences[39]
Charlie Jones, warden at Holman Correctional Facility from 1988–2002, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences[40]
Grantt Culliver, warden at Holman Correctional Facility from 2002–2009, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences[41]
Gary Hetzel, warden at Holman Correctional Facility since 2012, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences[42]

Arkansas[edit]

Maledon, George

During the first part of the 20th century, operators of the electric chair were known as "State electricians".

California[edit]

Max Brice – executioner from mid-1950s to 1967

Daniel Vasquez – warden of San Quentin prison who served as executioner at the gas chamber executions of Robert Alton Harris in 1992 and the execution of David Mason the following year.

Colorado[edit]

John J. "Jack" Eeles – corrections officer who served as hangman at Colorado State Penitentiary until he was murdered in a prison riot on October 3, 1929.[43]
Wayne K. Patterson – warden at Colorado State Penitentiary who pulled the lever to start execution of Luis Jose Monge on June 2, 1967. This was the last execution in the United States prior to the 1972 US Supreme Court case Furman vs. Georgia, which temporarily invalidated the death penalty nationwide. Patterson was opposed to capital punishment.[44]

Indiana[edit]

Jack P. Duckworth 1981 – Warden of Indiana State Prison at Michigan City who was required by law to throw the switch at the electrocution of Steven Timothy Judy[45]

Louisiana[edit]

Louis Congo c. 1725-1737 or after (an emancipated slave appointed public executioner of Louisiana (New France))
Grady H. Jarratt 1941 (last name also given as Jarrett)
Edward "Ephie" Foster active in 1946 (substitute executioner)
"Sam Jones" 1983-1991 (Sam Jones is a pseudonym used by that executioner)

Massachusetts[edit]

Edwin B. Currier circa 1910 – Chief Engineer at Massachusetts General Hospital who operated electric chair control panel during executions at Charlestown Prison.[46]

Mississippi[edit]

Jimmy Thompson – 1940–1950[47]
Thomas Berry Bruce – 1957–1987[48]
Donald Hocutt – 1987–1995 [49]

Missouri[edit]

Alan R. Doerhoff (apparently involved in executions also in Indiana, Arizona and at least one Federal)

New York[edit]

Erie County[edit]

Sheriff Grover Cleveland September 6, 1872 and February 14, 1873 [50]

State Executioners[edit]

Edwin Davis 1891–1914
John Hulbert 1913–1926
Robert Elliott 1926–1939
Joseph Francel 1939–1953
Dow Hover 1953–1963

Ohio[edit]

Before Statehood[edit]

  • Sheriff John Ludlow on November 15, 1792 (today's Hamilton County)

Adams County[edit]

  • Sheriff John Ellison, Jr. on December 10, 1808

Cuyahoga County[edit]

  • Sheriff Samuel S. Baldwin and Deputy Sheriff & Coroner Levi Johnson on June 26, 1812
  • Sheriff Miller S. Spangler on June 1, 1855
  • Sheriff Felix Nicola on February 9 and 10, 1866 and August 10, 1866
  • Sheriff John Frazee on February 4 or 13, 1869 and April 25, 1872
  • Sheriff Pardon B. Smith on April 29, 1874
  • Sheriff A. P. Winslow on June 22, 1876
  • Sheriff John Wilcox on February 13, 1879

Fairfield County[edit]

  • Sheriff Daniel Kishler and Coroner John Heck on October 14, 1836

Franklin County[edit]

  • Sheriff William Domigan and Coroner A. W. Reader on February 9, 1844 (a double execution, including the first reported execution of a woman in Ohio's history)
  • Sheriff Silas W. Park and Coroner Elias Gaver on December 17, 1858

Gallia County[edit]

  • Sheriff Samuel Holcomb on September 9, 1817

Ross County[edit]

  • Sheriff Jeremiah McLene and Coroner Benjamin Urmston on August 3, 1804

Portage County[edit]

  • Sheriff Asa Burroughs on November 30, 1816

State Executioners with the Gallows[edit]

  • Warden Isaac Peetry between 1885-1886, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden E.G. Coffin between 1886-1890, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden B.F. Dyer between 1890-1892, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden C.C. James between 1892-1896, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden E.G. Coffin between 1896-1897, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences

State Executioners with the Electric Chair[edit]

  • Warden E.G. Coffin between 1897-1900, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden W.N. Darby between 1900-1903, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden E. A. Hershey between 1903-1904, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden O.B. Gould between 1904-1909, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden T.H.B. Jones between 1909-1913, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden D.E. Thomas between 1913-1935, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden J.C. Woodard between 1935-1939, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden F.D. Henderson between 1939-1948, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden R.W. Alvis between 1948-1959, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden B.C. Sacks between 1959-1961, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences
  • Warden E.L. Maxwell between 1961-1963, required by state law to be the executioner of death sentences

Oklahoma[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

  • Zoe Himes in 1911 (a secretary of Clarion County, PA, Court House, she reportedly executed Vincent Voycheck on June 1, 1911)
  • Frank Wilson electrical industry superintendent from Pittsburgh area who served as executioner between 1949 and 1953 at Rockview Prison.[53]

South Carolina[edit]

Texas[edit]

  • Joe Byrd – Captain of the guard at the Walls Unit who served as executioner between 1936 and 1964.[37] The nearby prison cemetery, where unclaimed remains of executed inmates are buried by the state, is named in his honor.
  • W. James "Jim" Estelle – Director of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) between 1972 to 1983. Was designated executioner under policy developed by the TDCJ in 1976.[54] Was the individual pushing the drugs into the IV lines at the December, 1982 execution of Charlie Brooks, the first inmate in the United States to be executed by lethal injection.

Virginia[edit]

Jerry Givens 1982–1999 – Givens, a corrections officer at Virginia State Penitentiary and later Greensville Correctional Center, served as official executioner for all executions carried out in the state during this time period.

West Virginia[edit]

Jefferson County[edit]

Sheriff James W. Campbell and Deputy Sheriff John Avis (hanged John Brown December 2, 1859)

Zimbabwe and former Rhodesia[edit]

Jack Catchpole predecessor to "Ted" "Lofty" Milton; former Rhodesia's chief executioner until 1963
Edward "Lofty" Milton 1954 - after 1968; former Rhodesia's chief executioner after 1963

Sources[edit]

Books
  • Anderson, Patrick R.: "Expert witnesses: Criminologists in the Courtroom".|Albany: State University of New York, 1987
  • Armand, Frédéric: Les Bourreaux en France: Du Moyen-Âge à l'Abolition de la Peine de Mort. Paris (75): Éditions Perrin, 2012
  • Delarue, Jacques: Le Métier de Bourreau: Du Moyen Âge à Aujourd'hui. Paris (75): Fayard, 1979
  • Evans, Richard J.: Rituals of Retribution: Capital Punishment in Germany, 1600–1987. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996; London: Penguin Books, 1997
  • Goulart, José Alípio: Da Palmatória ao Patíbulo: Castigos de Escravos no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Editora Conquista, 1971
  • Koch, Tankred: Die Geschichte der Henker: Scharfrichterschicksale aus acht Jahrhunderten. Heidelberg: Kriminalistikverlag, 1988; Herrsching: Manfred-Pawlak-Verlagsgesellschaft, 1991
  • Lachance, André: Le Bourreau au Canada sous le Régime Français. Québec, QC: Société historique de Québec, 1966
  • Martschukat, Jürgen: Inszeniertes Töten: Eine Geschichte der Todesstrafe vom 17. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert. Köln: Böhlau, 2000; Hamburg: 2006
  • Nowosadtko, Jutta: Scharfrichter und Abdecker: Der Alltag zweier "unehrlicher Berufe" in der Frühen Neuzeit. Paderborn: 1994
  • Ribeiro, João Luiz: No Meio das Galinhas as Baratas Não Têm Razão: A Lei de 10 de Junho de 1835 - Os Escravos e a Pena de Morte no Império do Brasil 1822-1889. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Renovar, 2005.
  • Rossa, Kurt: Todesstrafen: Von den Anfängen bis heute. Bergisch-Gladbach: Bastei-Lübbe-Verlag, 1979
  • Streib, Victor L.: The Fairer Death: Executing Women in Ohio. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2006
  • Welsh-Huggins, Andrew: No Winners Here Tinight: Race, Politics, and Geography in One of the Country’s Busiest Death Penalty States. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2009
Magazine Sources
Newspaper Sources

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Did not carry out any execution; officially nominated that day, he refused the "job" and persisted in his refusal, changing his mind not even when tortured to make him reconsider. The next day, April 28, 1825, two anonymous convicts of whose names have not appeared records so far, if there are any surviving somewhere, refused the "job" either and so persisted when being shown the gallows and in front of them announced they'd be hanged there later; they preferred their own hangings
  2. ^ "Chinese executioner says job not "complicated"". Reuters. November 14, 2011. 
  3. ^ View to a kill: Indian hangman prepares for his first execution The Guardian 18.09.2014
  4. ^ Christopher Winn (2006). I Never Knew That About Ireland. Random House. p. 30. ISBN 0091910250. 
  5. ^ Meo, Nick (March 6, 2011). "'Huda the executioner' - Libya's devil in female form". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  6. ^ "Old Penang: Suzuki, the "Hippy" Executioner: October 2013". Anilnetto.com. 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  7. ^ murmurs (2011-12-29). "murmurs: December 2011". Kharleezzubin.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-08-14. 
  8. ^ "Saudi executioner tells all". BBC News. June 5, 2003. 
  9. ^ [1] Archived December 15, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Singapore executioner 'sacked'". BBC News Online. 28 November 2005. 
  11. ^ Levett, Connie; Butcher, Steve (30 November 2005). "Hangman ignites outrage". Melbourne: Reuters. 
  12. ^ Darshan didn't do it, The Age, 3 December 2005
  13. ^ "Arthur X: Des Henkers Fall". Der Schweizerische Beobachter Online. 17 September 1999. 
  14. ^ a b Donald Rumbelow (1982). The Triple Tree: Newgate, Tyburn, and Old Bailey. Harrap. p. 176. ISBN 0245538771. 
  15. ^ Richard Grafton (1809). Grafton's chronicle, or history of England: to which is added his table of the bailiffs, sheriffs and mayors of the city of London from the year 1189, to 1558, inclusive : in two volumes 2. Johnson. p. 463. 
  16. ^ Andrew Barrett; Christopher Harrison, eds. (1999). Crime and punishment in England: a sourcebook. Routledge. p. 54. ISBN 1857288718. 
  17. ^ Frederic George Stephens; Mary Dorothy George, eds. (1870). Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum: Division I. Political and personal satires 1. Trustees of the British Museum. p. 421. 
  18. ^ Bleakley (1929) p.4
  19. ^ William Thomas Lowndes (1834). The bibliographer's manual of English literature containing an account of rare, curious, and useful books, published in or relating to Great Britain and Ireland, from the invention of printing: with bibliographical and critical notices, collations of the rarer articles, and the prices at which they have been sold in the present century. W. Pickering. p. 628. 
  20. ^ a b Bleakley (1929) p.39
  21. ^ Gerald Howson (1985). Thief-Taker General: Jonathan Wild and the emergence of crime and corruption as a way of life in eighteenth-century England. Transaction Publishers. pp. 132, 276. ISBN 0887380328. 
  22. ^ a b Bleakley (1929) p.55
  23. ^ John Brown (1820). Memoirs of George the Third, late king of Great Britain: including characters and anecdotes of the British court. H. Fisher. p. 129. 
  24. ^ Pat Rogers (1980). Hacks and dunces: Pope, Swift and Grub Street. University paperbacks 704. Taylor & Francis. p. 92. ISBN 0416742408. 
  25. ^ Lloyd Bradley; Thomas Eaton (2005). Book of Secrets. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 0740755617. 
  26. ^ Timothy Vance Kaufman-Osborn (2002). From noose to needle: capital punishment and the late liberal state. Law, meaning, and violence. University of Michigan Press. p. 77. ISBN 0472088904. 
  27. ^ a b Jeremy Beadle; Ian Harrison (2008). Firsts, Lasts & Onlys: Crime. Anova Books. p. 39. ISBN 1905798040. 
  28. ^ John Laurence (1971). A history of capital punishment: with special reference to capital punishment in Great Britain. Kennikat Press. p. 104. ISBN 0804611149. 
  29. ^ Bleakley (1929) p.135
  30. ^ Bleakley (1929) p.151
  31. ^ Notes and Queries. 2nd ser XI. 20 April 1861. p. 315.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. ^ Bleakley (1929) pp.192-202
  33. ^ Chambers's encyclopaedia: a dictionary of universal knowledge for the people 4. W. & R. Chambers. 1862. p. 190. 
  34. ^ Kenneth Fields (1998). Lancashire magic & mystery: secrets of the Red Rose County. Sigma. p. 115. ISBN 1850586063. 
  35. ^ David James Smith (2010). Supper with the Crippens. Hachette UK. ISBN 140913413X. 
  36. ^ Russell Tate (December 3, 1967). "Kilby electric chair – will anyone else ride lightning?". Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  37. ^ a b "Applications for executioner posts run high". Wilmington Morning Star. May 11, 1976. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  38. ^ United Press International (May 21, 1986). "Warden Transfers to Fulfill Promise". Florence Times-Daily. Retrieved June 1, 1983.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  39. ^ Associated Press (May 21, 1986). "Mother Relieved After Execution". Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved July 26, 2010. 
  40. ^ Stan Bailey (August 4, 2002). "Retired executioner has no regrets". The Birmingham News. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  41. ^ Tom Gordon (March 14, 2010). "After 20 executions, Grantt Culliver has a serene outlook". The Birmingham News. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  42. ^ Associated Press (July 26, 2013). "Andrew Reid Lackey executed in Alabama for killing elderly man.". The Epoch Times. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  43. ^ Michael Radelet. "History- Capital Punishment in Colorado, 1859-1972". Office of the Colorado State Public Defender. Retrieved May 8, 2011. 
  44. ^ Terje Langeland (July 18, 2002). "The Executioner's Song - Job is Not All That It's Cracked Up to Be". Colorado Springs Independent. Retrieved May 8, 2011. 
  45. ^ "Judy Is Getting Something He Wants". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. March 8, 1981. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  46. ^ "WILL ACCEPT $100 LESS FOR EXECUTIONS". The Boston Globe. November 9, 1914. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  47. ^ "MISSISSIPPI: Death on Wheels". Time. January 18, 1943. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Mississippi's executioner leaves job after 30 years". The Advocate. May 15, 1987. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Former state executioner dies". Associated PressWAFF. March 5, 2010. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  50. ^ "When Grover Cleveland Acted As Hangman". The New York Times. July 7, 1912. 
  51. ^ Gene Curtis (July 10, 2007). "Only in Oklahoma: Executing criminals just another job". Tulsa World. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Executioner plugs electric chair". Lawrence Journal-World. Associated Press. May 16, 1977. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  53. ^ "EXECUTIONER RESIGNS POST". Gettysburg Times. May 23, 1953. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  54. ^ Bad News on Death Row. Texas Monthly. October 1976. Retrieved July 15, 2010. 
  • Bleakley, Horace (1929). The Hangmen of England: How They Hanged and Whom They Hanged, The Life Story of "Jack Ketch" through two Centuries. London: Chapman and Hall. 

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