List of experimental aircraft

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A group of 1950s NACA research aircraft

This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment. Prototypes, pre-production and homebuilt aircraft described as experimental but which were not used in this manner outside their own development are excluded.



  • GAF Pika – manned test craft for drone program



Canadair CL-84 Dynavert tilt-wing VTOL research aircraft


Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire
SNECMA Coléoptère experimental tailsitter in 1959


Dornier Do 29 tilt rotor STOL
Heinkel He 178 pioneering turbojet-powered aircraft
Opel RAK.1 rocket engine research aircraft


Caproni-Campini N.1/CC.2 experimental motorjet and second jet aircraft to fly



Gasuden Koken

Russia/Soviet Union[edit]

Antonov A-40 tank glider
Yakovlev Yak-36 VTOL research vehicle


Cierva C.6 autogiro



United Kingdom[edit]

Avro 707 research aircraft in formation with Avro Vulcan bomber prototypes
Fairey Delta 2 research aircraft
Gloster E.28/39 jet engine research aircraft
Miles M.35 Libellula canard research aircraft
Rolls-Royce thrust measuring rig VTOL testbed

United States[edit]

Bell X-1 supersonic research aircraft
Bell X-5 variable-sweep wing testbed
North American X-15 hypersonic rocket-powered research aircraft


Grumman X-29 forward swept wing and stability research aircraft

Other US experimental aircraft[edit]

US Army Bell 533 high speed helicopter research aircraft
XFV-12A on ramp at NAA in Columbus, Ohio
Scaled Composites Proteus in flight during 2002 for US Department of Energy ARM-UAV program
Lockheed Vega Winnie Mae high-altitude research aircraft – confirmed existence of jet stream
Lifting body research aircraft – from left to right, X-24A, M2-F3 and HL-10
Northrop N-9M flying wing
Vought V-173 disk wing research aircraft

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Retrieved 12 Aug 2015. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Gibbs, Yvonne. "NASA Armstrong Fact Sheet: Lockheed JetStar Research Aircraft". NASA. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  3. ^ Eckland, K.O. (2009-04-25). "Aerofiles Vought (Chance Vought), Lewis & Vought, Vought-Sikorsky". USA: Retrieved 20 September 2011.