List of extinct animals of Oceania

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This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of Oceania. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch, a geological period that extends from the present day back to about 10,000 radiocarbon years, approximately 11,430 ± 130 calendar years BP (between 9560 and 9300 BC). For the extinct animals of Australia, Hawaiian Islands and New Zealand this is a list for the animals not found in these parts of Oceania.

Map of Oceania

Mammals[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Emperor rat
Uromys imperator [1]
1960s
Solomon Islands --
Guadalcanal rat
Uromys porculus[2]
1888
Solomon Islands --
Guam flying fox
Pteropus tokudae[3]
1967
United States (Guam) --
Large Palau flying fox
Pteropus pilosus[4]
1874
Palau --
Small Samoan flying fox
Pteropus allenorum
19th or 20th century
Samoa --
Large Samoan flying fox
Pteropus coxi
19th or 20th century
Samoa --
Nendo tube-nosed fruit bat
Nyctimene sanctacrucis[5]
1907
Solomon Islands --

Possibly extinct

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Aru flying fox
Pteropus aruensis [6]
1800s
Aru, Indonesia Aru flying fox
Emma's giant rat
Uromys emmae [7]
1944
Papua, Indonesia --
New Guinea big-eared bat
Pharotis imogene [8]
1890
Papua New Guinea --
Telefomin cuscus
Phalanger matanim [9]
1998
Papua New Guinea --
Vanikoro flying fox
Pteropus tuberculatus [10]
Before 1930
Vanikoro, Solomon Islands Vanikoro flying fox
Wondiwoi tree-kangaroo
Dendrolagus mayri [11]
1928
Papua, Indonesia Wondiwoi tree-kangaroo

Birds[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Bar-winged rail
Nesoclopeus poecilopterus[12]
1973
Fiji Bar-winged rail
Bay thrush
Aplonis ulietensis
1850
France (Society Islands, French Polynesia) Bay thrush
Black-fronted parakeet
Cyanoramphus zealandicus[13]
1850
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Black-fronted parakeet
Christmas sandpiper
Prosobonia cancellata[14]
1850
Kiribati --
Choiseul pigeon
Microgoura meeki[15]
1904
Solomon Islands Choiseul pigeon
Consumed scrubfowl
Megapodius alimentum
Unknown
Fiji and Tonga --
Eiao monarch
Pomarea fluxa[16]
1977
France (French Polynesia) --
Guam flycatcher
Myiagra freycineti[17]
1983
United States (Guam) Guam flycatcher
Kosrae crake
Porzana monasa[18]
1827
Kosrae, Micronesia --
Kosrae starling
Aplonis corvina[19]
1827
Kosrae, Micronesia Kosrae crake
Liverpool pigeon
Caloenas maculata[20]
1851
Unknown (possibly Tahiti) Liverpool pigeon
Makira woodhen
Gallinula silvestris[21]
1953
Solomon Islands --
Mariana mallard
Anas oustaleti
1974
United States (Northern Mariana Islands) Mariana mallard
Marquesas swamphen
Porphyrio paepae[22]
1900?
France (Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia) Marquesas swamphen
Maupiti monarch
Pomarea pomarea[23]
1823
France (Maupiti, French Polynesia) Maupiti monarch
Miller's rail
Porzana nigra[24]
1784
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Miller's rail
Mysterious starling
Aplonis mavornata[25]
1774
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
New Caledonian gallinule
Porphyrio kukwiedei[26]
Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
New Caledonian giant scrubfowl
Sylviornis neocaledoniae
1500 BC
France (New Caledonia) Sylviornis neocaledoniae
Noble megapode
Megavitiornis altirostris
Unknown
Fiji --
Nuku Hiva monarch
Pomarea nukuhivae[27]
1930s
France (Nuku Hiva, French Polynesia) --
Oceanic eclectus parrot
Eclectus infectus
1793?
Tonga and Vanuatu Oceanic eclectus parrot
Pile-builder megapode
Megapodius molistructor[28]
Unknown
France (New Caledonia) and Tonga --
Red-moustached fruit dove
Ptilinopus mercierii[29]
1922
France (Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia) Red-moustached fruit dove
Society parakeet
Cyanoramphus ulietanus[30]
1777
France (Society Islands, French Polynesia) Society parakeet
Tahitian red-billed rail
Gallirallus pacificus[31]
late 1800s
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Tahitian rail
Tahiti sandpiper
Prosobonia leucoptera[32]
1922
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Tahiti sandpiper
Moorea sandpiper
Prosobonia ellisi[33]
19th century
France (Moorea, French Polynesia) Moorea sandpiper
Kiritimati sandpiper
Prosobonia cancellata[34]
19th century
Kiritimati Kiritimati sandpiper
Tanna ground dove
Gallicolumba ferruginea[35]
1774
Vanuatu Tanna ground dove
Thick-billed ground dove
Gallicolumba salamonis[36]
1927
Solomon Islands --
Tongatapu rail
Gallirallus hypoleucus[37]
1777
Tonga Tongatapu rail
Viti Levu scrubfowl
Megapodius amissus
Unknown
Fiji --
Wake Island rail
Gallirallus wakensis[38]
1945
United States (Wake Island) Wake Island rail
White-winged sandpiper
Prosobonia ellisi[39]
1777
France (Moorea, French Polynesia) White-winged sandpiper

Possibly extinct

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
New Caledonian lorikeet
Charmosyna diadema[40]
1860
France (New Caledonia) New Caledonian lorikeet
New Caledonian rail
Gallirallus lafresnayanus[41]
1860
France (New Caledonia) New Caledonian rail
Pohnpei starling
Aplonis pelzelni[42]
1995
Pohnpei, Micronesia Pohnpei starling
Samoan wood rail
Gallinula pacifica[43]
1873
Samoa Samoan wood rail
Ua Pou monarch
Pomarea mira[44]
1985
France (Ua Pou, French Polynesia) --

Reptiles[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Mekosuchus
Mekosuchus sp.
1000 BC
France (New Caledonia) and Vanuatu Mekosuchus inexpectans
Tonga ground skink
Tachygia microlepis[45]
late 1800s
Tonga --
Volia
Volia athollandersoni
~1000 BC
Fiji Volia
Lapitiguana
Lapitiguana impensa
~1000 BC
Fiji Lapitiguana
Brachylophus gibbonsi
Brachylophus gibbonsi
~700 BC
Tonga Brachylophus gibbonsi
Meiolania
Meiolania sp.
5th century
Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Vanuatu Meiolania platyceps

Insects[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Levuana moth
Levuana irridescens[46]
1925
Fiji Levuana moth
Rhantus novacaledoniae [47] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
Rhantus papuanus[48] Unknown
Papua New Guinea --

Mollusks[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Leucocharis loyaltiensis[49] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
Leucocharis porphyrocheila [50] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) Leucocharis porphyrocheila
Mautodontha acuticosta [51] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha acuticosta [52] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha consimilis [53] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha consobrina [54] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha maupiensis [55] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha parvidens [56] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha punctiperforata [57] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha saintjohni [58] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha subtilis [59] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha unilamellata [60] Unknown
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
Mautodontha zebrina [61] Unknown
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
Mount Matafao different snail
Diastole matafaoi[62]
Unknown
United States (American Samoa) --
Mount Alifana partula
Partula salifana[63]
Unknown
United States (Guam) --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Helgen, K.; Leary, T.; Wright, D (2016). "Uromys imperator". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22803A22447074. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T22803A22447074.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  3. ^ Bonaccorso, F.J.; Helgen, K.; Allison, A.; Wiles, G. (2020). "Pteropus tokudae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T18763A22088402. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T18763A22088402.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  4. ^ Bonaccorso, F.J.; Helgen, K.; Allison, A. (2019). "Pteropus pilosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T18749A22086230. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-3.RLTS.T18749A22086230.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  5. ^ Leary, T.; Helgen, K.; Hamilton, S. (2020). "Nyctimene sanctacrucis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T14961A22008025. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T14961A22008025.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  6. ^ Tsang, S.M. (2016). "Pteropus aruensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136504A21974958. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136504A21974958.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  7. ^ Wright, D.; Leary, T. (2016). "Uromys emmae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T136470A22447368. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T136470A22447368.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  8. ^ Armstrong, K.N.; Aplin, K.; Broken-brow, J. (2020). "Pharotis imogene". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T16887A22114175. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T16887A22114175.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
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