List of extinct animals of Oceania

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This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of Oceania. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch, a geological period that extends from the present day back to about 10,000 radiocarbon years, approximately 11,430 ± 130 calendar years BP (between 9560 and 9300 BC). For the extinct animals of Australia, Hawaiian Islands and New Zealand this is a list for the animals not found in these parts of Oceania.

Map of Oceania

Mammals[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Emperor rat
Uromys imperator [1]
1960s
Solomon Islands --
Guadalcanal rat
Uromys porculus[2]
1888
Solomon Islands --
Guam flying fox
Pteropus tokudae[3]
1967
United States (Guam) --
Large Palau flying fox
Pteropus pilosus[4]
1874
Palau --
Nendo tube-nosed fruit bat
Nyctimene sanctacrucis[5]
1907
Solomon Islands --

Possibly extinct

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Aru flying fox
Pteropus aruensis [6]
1800s
Aru, Indonesia --
Emma's giant rat
Uromys emmae [7]
1944
Papua, Indonesia --
New Guinea big-eared bat
Pharotis imogene [8]
1890
Papua New Guinea --
Telefomin cuscus
Phalanger matanim [9]
1998
Papua New Guinea --
Vanikoro flying fox
Pteropus tuberculatus [10]
Before 1930
Vanikoro, Solomon Islands --
Wondiwoi tree-kangaroo
Dendrolagus mayri [11]
1928
Papua, Indonesia
Wondiwoi tree-kangaroo.jpg

Birds[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Bar-winged rail
Nesoclopeus poecilopterus[12]
1973
Fiji Bar-winged rail
Bay thrush
Aplonis ulietensis
1850
France (Society Islands, French Polynesia) Bay thrush
Black-fronted parakeet
Cyanoramphus zealandicus[13]
1850
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Black-fronted parakeet
Christmas sandpiper
Prosobonia cancellata[14]
1850
Kiribati --
Choiseul pigeon
Microgoura meeki[15]
1904
Solomon Islands Choiseul pigeon
Consumed scrubfowl
Megapodius alimentum\
Unknown
Fiji and Tonga --
Eiao monarch
Pomarea fluxa[16]
1977
France (French Polynesia) --
Guam flycatcher
Myiagra freycineti[17]
1983
United States (Guam) Guam flycatcher
Kosrae crake
Porzana monasa[18]
1827
Kosrae, Micronesia --
Kosrae starling
Aplonis corvina[19]
1827
Kosrae, Micronesia Kosrae crake
Liverpool pigeon
Caloenas maculata[20]
1851
Unknown (possibly Tahiti) Liverpool pigeon
Makira woodhen
Gallinula silvestris[21]
1953
Solomon Islands --
Mariana mallard
Anas oustaleti
1974
United States (Northern Mariana Islands) Mariana mallard
Marquesas swamphen
Porphyrio paepae[22]
1900?
France (Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia) Marquesas swamphen
Maupiti monarch
Pomarea pomarea[23]
1823
France (Maupiti, French Polynesia) Maupiti monarch
Miller's rail
Porzana nigra[24]
1784
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Miller's rail
Mysterious starling
Aplonis mavornata[25]
1774
New Zealand (Cook Islands)
Mysterious Starling.jpg
New Caledonian gallinule
Porphyrio kukwiedei[26]
Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
New Caledonian giant scrubfowl
Sylviornis neocaledoniae
1500 BC
Fiji Sylviornis neocaledoniae
Noble megapode
Megavitiornis altirostris
Unknown
Fiji --
Nuku Hiva monarch
Pomarea nukuhivae[27]
1930s
France (Nuku Hiva, French Polynesia) --
Oceanic eclectus parrot
Eclectus infectus
1793?
Tonga and Vanuatu Oceanic eclectus parrot
Pile-builder megapode
Megapodius molistructor[28]
Unknown
France (New Caledonia) and Tonga --
Red-moustached fruit dove
Ptilinopus mercierii[29]
1922
France (Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia) Red-moustached fruit dove
Society parakeet
Cyanoramphus ulietanus[30]
1777
France (Society Islands, French Polynesia) --
Tahitian red-billed rail
Gallirallus pacificus[31]
late 1800s
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Tahitian rail
Tahiti sandpiper
Prosobonia leucoptera[32]
1922
France (Tahiti, French Polynesia) Tahiti sandpiper
Moorea sandpiper
Prosobonia ellisi[33]
19th century
France (Moorea, French Polynesia) Moorea sandpiper
Kiritimati sandpiper
Prosobonia cancellata[34]
19th century
Kiritimati Kiritimati sandpiper
Tanna ground dove
Gallicolumba ferruginea[35]
1774
Vanuatu Tanna ground dove
Thick-billed ground dove
Gallicolumba salamonis[36]
1927
Solomon Islands --
Tongatapu rail
Gallirallus hypoleucus[37]
1777
Tonga Tongatapu rail
Viti Levu scrubfowl
Megapodius amissus
Unknown
Fiji --
Wake Island rail
Gallirallus wakensis[38]
1945
United States (Wake Island) Wake Island rail
White-winged sandpiper
Prosobonia ellisi[39]
1777
France (Moorea, French Polynesia) White-winged sandpiper

Possibly extinct

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
New Caledonian lorikeet
Charmosyna diadema[40]
1860
France (New Caledonia) New Caledonian lorikeet
New Caledonian rail
Gallirallus lafresnayanus[41]
1860
France (New Caledonia) New Caledonian rail
Pohnpei starling
Aplonis pelzelni[42]
1995
Pohnpei, Micronesia --
Samoan wood rail
Gallinula pacifica[43]
1873
Samoa Samoan wood rail
Ua Pou monarch
Pomarea mira[44]
1985
France (Ua Pou, French Polynesia) --

Reptiles[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Mekosuchus
Mekosuchus sp.
1000 BC
France (New Caledonia) and Vanuatu Mekosuchus inexpectans
Tonga ground skink
Tachygia microlepis[45]
late 1800s
Tonga --
Volia
Volia athollandersoni
Late Pleistocene
Fiji Volia

Insects[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Levuana moth
Levuana irridescens[46]
1925
Fiji Levuana moth
Rhantus novacaledoniae [47] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
Rhantus papuanus[48] Unknown
Papua New Guinea --

Mollusks[edit]

Common name\scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Leucocharis loyaltiensis[49] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
Leucocharis porphyrocheila [50] Unknown
France (New Caledonia) --
Mautodontha acuticosta [51] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha acuticosta [52] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha consimilis [53] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha consobrina [54] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha maupiensis [55] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha parvidens [56] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha punctiperforata [57] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha saintjohni [58] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha subtilis [59] Unknown
French Polynesia --
Mautodontha unilamellata [60] Unknown
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
Mautodontha zebrina [61] Unknown
New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
Mount Matafao different snail
Diastole matafaoi[62]
Unknown
United States (American Samoa) --
Mount Alifana partula
Partula salifana[63]
Unknown
United States (Guam) --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leary, T.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Singadan, R.; Menzies, J.; Bonaccorso, F.; Helgen, K.; Seri, L. (1996). "Uromys imperator (Emperor Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Flannery, T.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Allison, A.; James, R.; Bonaccorso, F (1996). "Uromys porculus (Guadalcanal Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  3. ^ Bonaccorso, F.; Helgen, K.; Allison, A.; Wiles, G. (1996). "Pteropus tokudae (Guam Flying Fox, Guam Fruit Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ Bonaccorso, F.; Helgen, K.; Allison, A. (1996). "Pteropus pilosus (Large Palau Flying Fox, Palau Flying-fox, Palau Fruit Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  5. ^ Leary, T.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K. (1996). "Nyctimene sanctacrucis (Nendö Tube-nosed Bat, Nendo Tube-nosed Fruit Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  6. ^ Helgen, K. (1996). "Pteropus aruensis (Aru Flying Fox)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Flannery, T.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Allison, A.; James, R.; Bonaccorso, F.; et al. (1996). "Uromys emmae (Emma's Giant Rat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  8. ^ Bonaccorso, F.; Hamilton, S.; Parnaby, H. (1996). "Pharotis imogene (New Guinea Big-eared Bat, Thomas's Big-eared Bat)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Flannery, T.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S.; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Menzies, J.; Allison, A.; James, R.; et al. (1996). "Phalanger matanim (Telefomin Cuscus)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  10. ^ Leary, T.; Hamilton, S.; James, R. (1996). "Pteropus tuberculatus (Vanikoro Flying Fox)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  11. ^ Leary, T.; Seri, L.; Flannery, T.; Wright, D.; Hamilton, S; Helgen, K.; Singadan, R.; Menzies, J.; Allison, A.; James, R. (1996). "Dendrolagus mayri (Wondiwoi Tree-kangaroo)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 20, 2013. 
  12. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Nesoclopeus poecilopterus (Bar-winged Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Cyanoramphus zealandicus (Black-fronted Parakeet)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ BirdLife International (2014). "Prosobonia cancellata (Christmas Sandpiper)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  15. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Microgoura meeki (Choiseul Pigeon)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  16. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Pomarea fluxa (Eiao Monarch)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  17. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Myiagra freycineti (Guam Broadbill, Guam Flycatcher)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  18. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Porzana monasa (Kosrae Crake)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  19. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Aplonis corvina (Kosrae Starling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  20. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Caloenas maculata (Liverpool Pigeon)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  21. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallinula silvestris (Makira Moorhen, Makira Woodhen, San Cristobal Moorhen, San Cristobal Mountain Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ Steadman, David W. (2006). Extinction and Biogeography of Tropical Pacific Birds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 101, 105–6, 127, 243–4, 312–5, 523. ISBN 0-226-77142-3. 
  23. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Pomarea pomarea (Maupiti Monarch)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  24. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Porzana nigra (Miller's Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  25. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Aplonis mavornata (Mysterious Starling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  26. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Porphyrio kukwiedei (New Caledonia Gallinule)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  27. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Pomarea nukuhivae (Nuku Hiva Monarch)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Object: Fiji Scrubfowl, Megapodius amissus; holotype". Collections online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  29. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Ptilinopus mercierii (Moustached Fruit Dove, Red-moustached Fruit-dove, Red-moustached Fruit-Dove)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  30. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Cyanoramphus ulietanus (Raiatea Parakeet)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  31. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallirallus pacificus (Tahiti Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  32. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Prosobonia leucoptera (Tahitian Sandpiper, Tahiti Sandpiper)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  33. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Prosobonia ellisi (Moorea sandpiper)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  34. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Prosobonia cancellata (Kiritimati sandpiper)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  35. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallicolumba ferruginea (Tanna Ground-dove, Tanna Ground-Dove)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  36. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallicolumba salamonis (Thick-billed Ground-dove, Thick-billed Ground Dove, Thick-billed Ground-Dove)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ Medway, D.G. "The Tongatapu rail Gallirallus hypoleucus (Finsch & Hartlaub, 1867) – an extinct species resurrected?" (PDF). Notornis. 57 (4): 199–203. 
  38. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallirallus wakensis (Wake Island Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  39. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Prosobonia ellisi (White-winged Sandpiper)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  40. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Charmosyna diadema (New Caledonian Lorikeet)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  41. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallirallus lafresnayanus (New Caledonian Rail, New Caledonian Wood Rail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  42. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Aplonis pelzelni (Pohnpei Starling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  43. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Gallinula pacifica (Samoan Moorhen)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  44. ^ BirdLife International (1996). "Pomarea mira (Ua Pou Monarch)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  45. ^ Allison, A.; Hamilton, A.; Tallowin, O. (1996). "Tachygyia microlepis (Tonga Ground Skink)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  46. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Levuana irridescens (Levuana Moth)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 26, 2013. 
  47. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Rhantus novacaledoniae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  48. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Rhantus papuanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  49. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). "Leucocharis loyaltiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  50. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). "Leucocharis porphyrocheila". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  51. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha acuticosta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  52. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha acuticosta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  53. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha consimilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  54. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha consobrina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  55. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha maupiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  56. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha parvidens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  57. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha punctiperforata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  58. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha saintjohni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  59. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha subtilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  60. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha unilamellata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  61. ^ Seddon, M.B. (1996). "Mautodontha zebrina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  62. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). "Diastole matafaoi (Mount Matafao Different Snail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  63. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). "Partula salifana (Mount Alifana Partula, Tree Snail)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved December 16, 2014.