Lists of exoplanets
This is a list of exoplanets. As of 13 November 2018[ref] there are 3,837 confirmed exoplanets. The majority of these planets were discovered by the Kepler spacecraft. In addition to the confirmed exoplanets, there are 2,426 potential exoplanets from its first mission that are yet to be confirmed, and 473 from its "Second Light" mission.
For yearly lists on physical, orbital and other properties, as well as on discovery circumstances and other aspects, see § Specific exoplanet lists
The convention for designating exoplanets is an extension of the system used for designating multiple-star systems as adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). For exoplanets orbiting a single star, the designation is normally formed by taking the name or, more commonly, designation of its parent star and adding a lower case letter. The first planet discovered in a system is given the designation "b" (the parent star is considered to be "a") and later planets are given subsequent letters. If several planets in the same system are discovered at the same time, the closest one to the star gets the next letter, followed by the other planets in order of orbital size. A provisional IAU-sanctioned standard exists to accommodate the designation of circumbinary planets. A limited number of exoplanets have IAU-sanctioned proper names. Other naming systems exist.
Methods of detection
- Astrometry: 1 (0.0%)
- Direct imaging: 44 (1.1%)
- Radial velocity: 687 (17.9%)
- Transit: 2,997 (78.1%)
- Transit-timing variation: 15 (0.4%)
- Eclipse timing variation: 9 (0.2%)
- Microlensing: 70 (1.8%)
- Pulsar timing variation: 6 (0.2%)
- Pulsation timing variation: 2 (0.1%)
- Orbital brightness modulation: 6 (0.2%)
About 97% of all the confirmed exoplanets have been discovered by indirect techniques of detection, mainly by radial velocity measurements and transit monitoring techniques.
Specific exoplanet lists
- Full list of exoplanets
- List of exoplanets discovered before 2000 (30)
- List of exoplanets discovered between 2000–2009 (399)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2010 (98)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2011 (135)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2012 (140)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2013 (123)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2014 (861)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2015 (115)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2016 (1300)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2017 (149)
- List of exoplanets discovered in 2018
- List of potentially habitable exoplanets
- List of exoplanet firsts
- List of exoplanetary host stars
- List of exoplanets discovered using the Kepler spacecraft
- List of planets observed during Kepler's K2 mission
- List of extrasolar candidates for liquid water
- List of exoplanet extremes
- List of multiplanetary systems
- List of nearest exoplanets
- List of nearest terrestrial exoplanet candidates
- List of transiting exoplanets
- "NASA Exoplanet Archive". exoplanetarchive.ipac.caltech.edu. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Exoplanet Archive Planet Counts". exoplanetarchive.ipac.caltech.edu. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "International Astronomical Union | IAU". www.iau.org. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Ollivier, Marc; Maurel, Marie-Christine (2014). "Planetary Environments and Origins of Life: How to reinvent the study of Origins of Life on the Earth and Life in the" (PDF). BIO Web of Conferences 2. 2: 00001. doi:10.1051/bioconf/20140200001. Retrieved 2015-09-11.
- The Extrasolar Planet Encyclopaedia — Catalog Listing accessed in 2015-09-28
- Exoplanet Data Explorer accessed in 2015-09-28
- "Open Exoplanets Catalogue". Retrieved 2017-02-27.
- Wright, J. T.; Fakhouri, O.; Marcy, G. W.; Han, E.; Feng, Y.; Johnson, John Asher; Howard, A. W.; Fischer, D. A.; Valenti, J. A. (2011-04-01). "The Exoplanet Orbit Database". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 123: 412–422. arXiv:1012.5676. Bibcode:2011PASP..123..412W. doi:10.1086/659427. ISSN 0004-6280.