Lists of exoplanets

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Artist's concept of the potentially habitable exoplanet Kepler-186f

This is a list of exoplanets. As of 1 August 2022, there are 5,125 confirmed exoplanets in 3,794 planetary systems, with 829 systems having more than one planet.[1] Most of these were discovered by the Kepler space telescope. There are an additional 2,056 potential exoplanets from Kepler's first mission yet to be confirmed, as well as 969 from its "Second Light" mission and 3,877 from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission.[2]

For yearly lists on physical, orbital and other properties, as well as on discovery circumstances and other aspects, see § Specific exoplanet lists.

Nomenclature[edit]

The convention for designating exoplanets is an extension of the system used for designating multiple-star systems as adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). For exoplanets orbiting a single star, the IAU designation is formed by taking the designated or proper name of its parent star, and adding a lower case letter.[3] Letters are given in order of each planet's discovery around the parent star, so that the first planet discovered in a system is designated "b" (the parent star is considered to be "a") and later planets are given subsequent letters. If several planets in the same system are discovered at the same time, the closest one to the star gets the next letter, followed by the other planets in order of orbital size. A provisional IAU-sanctioned standard exists to accommodate the designation of circumbinary planets. A limited number of exoplanets have IAU-sanctioned proper names. Other naming systems exist.

Methods of detection[edit]

Transit: 3,878 (76.1%)Radial velocity: 937 (18.4%)Microlensing: 153 (3.0%)Direct imaging: 61 (1.2%)Transit-timing variation: 23 (0.5%)Eclipse timing variation: 19 (0.4%)Orbital brightness modulation: 9 (0.2%)Pulsar timing variation: 8 (0.2%)Pulsation timing variation: 2 (0.0%)Astrometry: 2 (0.0%)Disk kinematics: 1 (0.0%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Transit: 3,878 (76.1%)
  •   Radial velocity: 937 (18.4%)
  •   Microlensing: 153 (3.0%)
  •   Direct imaging: 61 (1.2%)
  •   Transit-timing variation: 23 (0.5%)
  •   Eclipse timing variation: 19 (0.4%)
  •   Orbital brightness modulation: 9 (0.2%)
  •   Pulsar timing variation: 8 (0.2%)
  •   Pulsation timing variation: 2 (0.0%)
  •   Astrometry: 2 (0.0%)
  •   Disk kinematics: 1 (0.0%)


Specific exoplanet lists[edit]

Distribution of confirmed exoplanets vis-à-vis distance from Solar System



See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schneider, J. "Interactive Extra-solar Planets Catalog". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Exoplanet and Candidate Statistics". NASA Exoplanet Archive. NASA Exoplanet Science Institute. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  3. ^ "International Astronomical Union | IAU". www.iau.org. Retrieved 29 January 2017.

External links[edit]