List of extreme summits of the Caribbean

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Pico Duarte is the highest point in the Dominican Republic, the Island of Hispaniola, and the entire Caribbean.

This article comprises four sortable tables of major mountain summits[1] of the Caribbean that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in the region.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.[2]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.[3][2]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.[4]

Northernmost high summits[edit]

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The northernmost summits of their elevation in the Caribbean

Rank Mountain Peak Country Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
4 Pico San Juan[5][a]  Cuba Island of Cuba 1140 m
3,740 ft
500 m
1,640 ft
408 km
253 mi
21°59′07″N 80°07′58″W / 21.9853°N 80.1327°W / 21.9853; -80.1327 (Pico San Juan)
3 Gran Piedra[6][b]  Cuba Island of Cuba 1249 m
4,098 ft
500 m
1,640 ft
100.7 km
62.5 mi
20°00′41″N 75°37′37″W / 20.0115°N 75.6270°W / 20.0115; -75.6270 (Gran Piedra)
2 Pico Turquino[7][c][d]  Cuba Island of Cuba 1974 m
6,476 ft
1974 m
6,476 ft
217 km
134.7 mi
19°59′23″N 76°50′10″W / 19.9898°N 76.8360°W / 19.9898; -76.8360 (Pico Turquino)
1 Pico Duarte[8][e]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 3098 m
10,164 ft
3098 m
10,164 ft
941 km
584 mi
19°01′23″N 70°59′52″W / 19.0231°N 70.9977°W / 19.0231; -70.9977 (Pico Duarte)

Southernmost high summits[edit]

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The southernmost summits of their elevation in the Caribbean

Rank Mountain Peak Country Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
9 Aripo Peak[9][f][g]  Trinidad and Tobago Island of Trinidad 940 m
3,084 ft
940 m
3,084 ft
151.6 km
94.2 mi
10°43′23″N 61°15′00″W / 10.7231°N 61.2499°W / 10.7231; -61.2499 (Aripo Peak)
8 La Soufrière[10][h][i]  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Island of Saint Vincent 1234 m
4,049 ft
1234 m
4,049 ft
161.7 km
100.5 mi
13°20′52″N 61°10′34″W / 13.3477°N 61.1761°W / 13.3477; -61.1761 (La Soufrière)
7 Montagne Pelée[11][j][k]  Martinique Island of Martinique 1395 m
4,577 ft
1395 m
4,577 ft
80.8 km
50.2 mi
14°48′33″N 61°09′55″W / 14.8092°N 61.1654°W / 14.8092; -61.1654 (Montagne Pelée)
6 Morne Diablotins[12][l][m]  Dominica Island of Dominica 1447 m
4,747 ft
1447 m
4,747 ft
66.3 km
41.2 mi
15°30′14″N 61°23′53″W / 15.5040°N 61.3981°W / 15.5040; -61.3981 (Morne Diablotins)
5 La Grande Soufrière[13][n][o]  Guadeloupe île de Basse-Terre 1467 m
4,813 ft
1467 m
4,813 ft
699 km
434 mi
16°02′42″N 61°39′50″W / 16.0449°N 61.6638°W / 16.0449; -61.6638 (La Grande Soufrière)
4 Blue Mountain Peak[14][p][q]  Jamaica Island of Jamaica 2256 m
7,402 ft
2256 m
7,402 ft
273 km
169.5 mi
18°02′47″N 76°34′44″W / 18.0465°N 76.5788°W / 18.0465; -76.5788 (Blue Mountain Peak)
3 Pic la Selle[15][r][s]  Haiti Island of Hispaniola 2674 m
8,773 ft
2644 m
8,675 ft
126.6 km
78.7 mi
18°21′37″N 71°58′36″W / 18.3602°N 71.9767°W / 18.3602; -71.9767 (Pic la Selle)
2 Loma Alto de la Bandera[16][t]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 2842 m
9,324 ft
1512 m
4,961 ft
43.4 km
27 mi
18°48′45″N 70°37′36″W / 18.8126°N 70.6268°W / 18.8126; -70.6268 (Loma Alto de la Bandera)
1 Pico Duarte[8][e]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 3098 m
10,164 ft
3098 m
10,164 ft
941 km
584 mi
19°01′23″N 70°59′52″W / 19.0231°N 70.9977°W / 19.0231; -70.9977 (Pico Duarte)

Easternmost high summits[edit]

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The easternmost summits of their elevation in the Caribbean

Rank Mountain Peak Country Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
7 Main Ridge[17][u][v]  Trinidad and Tobago Island of Tobago 576 m
1,890 ft
576 m
1,890 ft
56.9 km
35.3 mi
11°17′00″N 60°38′00″W / 11.2833°N 60.6333°W / 11.2833; -60.6333 (Main Ridge)
6 Mount Gimie[18][w][x]  Saint Lucia Island of Saint Lucia 950 m
3,117 ft
950 m
3,117 ft
59.8 km
37.2 mi
13°51′49″N 61°00′42″W / 13.8637°N 61.0117°W / 13.8637; -61.0117 (Mount Gimie)
5 Montagne Pelée[11][j][k]  Martinique Island of Martinique 1395 m
4,577 ft
1395 m
4,577 ft
80.8 km
50.2 mi
14°48′33″N 61°09′55″W / 14.8092°N 61.1654°W / 14.8092; -61.1654 (Montagne Pelée)
4 Morne Diablotins[12][l][m]  Dominica Island of Dominica 1447 m
4,747 ft
1447 m
4,747 ft
66.3 km
41.2 mi
15°30′14″N 61°23′53″W / 15.5040°N 61.3981°W / 15.5040; -61.3981 (Morne Diablotins)
3 La Grande Soufrière[13][n][o]  Guadeloupe île de Basse-Terre 1467 m
4,813 ft
1467 m
4,813 ft
699 km
434 mi
16°02′42″N 61°39′50″W / 16.0449°N 61.6638°W / 16.0449; -61.6638 (La Grande Soufrière)
2 Loma Alto de la Bandera[16][t]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 2842 m
9,324 ft
1512 m
4,961 ft
43.4 km
27 mi
18°48′45″N 70°37′36″W / 18.8126°N 70.6268°W / 18.8126; -70.6268 (Loma Alto de la Bandera)
1 Pico Duarte[8][e]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 3098 m
10,164 ft
3098 m
10,164 ft
941 km
584 mi
19°01′23″N 70°59′52″W / 19.0231°N 70.9977°W / 19.0231; -70.9977 (Pico Duarte)

Westernmost high summits[edit]

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The westernmost summits of their elevation in the Caribbean

Rank Mountain Peak Country Island Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
6 Pico San Juan[5][a]  Cuba Island of Cuba 1140 m
3,740 ft
500 m
1,640 ft
408 km
253 mi
21°59′07″N 80°07′58″W / 21.9853°N 80.1327°W / 21.9853; -80.1327 (Pico San Juan)
5 Pico Turquino[7][c][d]  Cuba Island of Cuba 1974 m
6,476 ft
1974 m
6,476 ft
217 km
134.7 mi
19°59′23″N 76°50′10″W / 19.9898°N 76.8360°W / 19.9898; -76.8360 (Pico Turquino)
4 Blue Mountain Peak[14][p][q]  Jamaica Island of Jamaica 2256 m
7,402 ft
2256 m
7,402 ft
273 km
169.5 mi
18°02′47″N 76°34′44″W / 18.0465°N 76.5788°W / 18.0465; -76.5788 (Blue Mountain Peak)
3 Pic Macaya[19][y]  Haiti Island of Hispaniola 2347 m
7,700 ft
2087 m
6,847 ft
216 km
134.5 mi
18°22′56″N 74°01′27″W / 18.3822°N 74.0243°W / 18.3822; -74.0243 (Pic Macaya)
2 Pic la Selle[15][r][s]  Haiti Island of Hispaniola 2674 m
8,773 ft
2644 m
8,675 ft
126.6 km
78.7 mi
18°21′37″N 71°58′36″W / 18.3602°N 71.9767°W / 18.3602; -71.9767 (Pic la Selle)
1 Pico Duarte[8][e]  Dominican Republic Island of Hispaniola 3098 m
10,164 ft
3098 m
10,164 ft
941 km
584 mi
19°01′23″N 70°59′52″W / 19.0231°N 70.9977°W / 19.0231; -70.9977 (Pico Duarte)

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pico San Juan is the northernmost and westernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of the Caribbean.
  2. ^ Gran Piedra is the northernmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  3. ^ a b The summit of Pico Turquino is the highest point of the island and Republic of Cuba.
  4. ^ a b Pico Turquino is the northernmost and westernmost ultra-prominent summit of the Caribbean.
  5. ^ a b c d The summit of Pico Duarte is the highest point of the Dominican Republic, the Island of Hispaniola, and all islands of the Caribbean Sea.
  6. ^ The summit of Aripo Peak is the highest point of the island of Trinidad and the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
  7. ^ Aripo Peak is the southernmost 500-meter (1640-foot) summit of the Caribbean.
  8. ^ The summit of La Soufrière is the highest point of the island of Saint Vincent and the nation of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  9. ^ La Soufrière is the southernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of the Caribbean.
  10. ^ a b The summit of Montagne Pelée is the highest point of the island and French insular region of Martinique.
  11. ^ a b Montagne Pelée is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  12. ^ a b The summit of Morne Diablotins is the highest point of the island and Commonwealth of Dominica.
  13. ^ a b Morne Diablotins is the southernmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  14. ^ a b The summit of La Grande Soufrière is the highest point of île de Basse-Terre and the French Région Guadeloupe.
  15. ^ a b La Grande Soufrière is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  16. ^ a b The summit of Blue Mountain Peak is the highest point of the island and the nation of Jamaica.
  17. ^ a b Blue Mountain Peak is the southernmost and westernmost 2000-meter (6562-foot) summit and ultra-prominent summit of the Caribbean.
  18. ^ a b The summit of Pic la Selle is the highest point of the Republic of Haiti.
  19. ^ a b Pic la Selle is the southernmost and westernmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  20. ^ a b Loma Alto de la Bandera is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  21. ^ The summit of Main Ridge is the highest point of Island of Tobago.
  22. ^ Main Ridge is the easternmost 500-meter (1640-foot) summit of the Caribbean.
  23. ^ The summit of Mount Gimie is the highest point of the island and nation of Saint Lucia.
  24. ^ Mount Gimie is the easternmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.
  25. ^ Pic Macaya is the westernmost summit of its elevation in the Caribbean.

References[edit]

  1. ^ This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  2. ^ a b If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  3. ^ The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  4. ^ The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. ^ a b "Pico San Juan". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Gran Piedra". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Pico Turquino". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d "Pico Duarte". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Aripo Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  10. ^ "La Soufrière". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Montagne Pelée". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Morne Diablotins". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  13. ^ a b "La Grande Soufrière". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  14. ^ a b "Blue Mountain Peak". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Pic la Selle". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  16. ^ a b "Loma Alto de la Bandera". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  17. ^ "Main Ridge". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  18. ^ "Mount Gimie". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Pic Macaya". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°01′23″N 70°59′52″W / 19.0231°N 70.9977°W / 19.0231; -70.9977 (Pico Duarte)