List of extreme temperatures in Canada

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Provincial and territorial temperature extremes[edit]

Province or Territory Record high
temperature
Date Place(s) Record low
temperature
Date Place(s)
Alberta 43.3 °C /
109.9 °F
July 21, 1931 Bassano Dams -61.1 °C /
-78.0 °F
January 11, 1911 Fort Vermilion
British Columbia 44.4 °C /
111.9 °F
July 16 and 17, 1941 Lytton and
Lillooet
-58.9 °C /
-74.0 °F
January 31, 1947 Smith River
Manitoba 44.4 °C /
111.9 °F
July 11 and 12, 1936 St. Albans and
Emerson
-52.8 °C /
-63.0 °F
January 9, 1899 Norway House
New Brunswick 39.4 °C /
102.9 °F
August 18, 1935 Nepisiguit Falls, Rexton, and Woodstock -44.4 °C /
-47.9 °F
January 15, 1957 Sussex
Newfoundland and Labrador 38.3 °C /
101 °F
July 6, 1921 North West River (Labrador) -51.1 °C /
-60.0 °F
February 17, 1972 Esker (Labrador)
Northwest Territories 39.4 °C /
102.9 °F
July 18, 1941 Fort Smith −59.4 °C /
-74.9 °F
January 8, 1936 Fort Resolution
Nova Scotia 38.3 °C /
100.9 °F
August 19, 1935 Collegeville -41.1 °C /
-42.0 °F
January 31, 1920 Upper Stewiacke
Nunavut 34.9 °C /
94.8 °F
July 15, 1989 Kugluktuk −57.8 °C /
-72.0 °F
February 13, 1973 Shepard Bay
Ontario 42.2 °C /
108.0 °F
July 20, 1919 Biscotasing -58.3 °C /
-72.9 °F
January 23, 1935 Iroquois Falls
July 11 and 12, 1936 Atikokan
July 13, 1936 Fort Frances
Prince Edward Island 36.7 °C /
98.1 °F
August 19, 1935 Charlottetown -37.2 °C /
-35 °F
January 26, 1884 South Kildare
Quebec 40.0 °C /
104.0 °F
July 6, 1921 Ville-Marie -54.4 °C /
-65.9 °F
February 5, 1923 Doucet
Saskatchewan 45 °C /
113 °F
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass and
Midale
-56.7 °C /
-70.1 °F
February 1, 1893 Prince Albert
Yukon 36.5 °C /
97.7 °F
June 25, 2004 Takhini -63.0 °C /
-81.4 °F
February 3, 1947 Snag

Highest temperature readings (selected locations)[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature °C (°F)
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass and Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113 °F)[1]
July 11 and 12, 1936 St. Albans and Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C (112 °F)[2]
July 16 and 17, 1941 Lillooet and Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C (112 °F)[3]
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C (111 °F)[4]
July 11, 1936 Brandon, Manitoba 43.3 °C (110 °F)[5]
July 21, 1931 Bassano Dams, Alberta 43.3 °C (110 °F)[6]
July 27, 1998 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109.0 °F)[7]
July 11 and 12, 1936 Atikokan, Ontario 42.2 °C (108 °F)[8]
July 13, 1936 Fort Frances, Ontario 42.2 °C (108 °F)[9]
July 11, 1936 Winnipeg, Manitoba 42.2 °C (108 °F)
July 20, 1919 Biscotasing, Ontario 42.2 °C (108 °F)
July 30, 2009 Woss, British Columbia 42.1 °C (107.8 °F)
July 15, 2014 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107.1 °F)
July 27, 1939 & July 16, 1941 Kamloops, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F)[10][11]
June 6, 1988 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 41.5 °C (107 °F)[12]
July 29, 2009 Bella Coola, British Columbia 41.2 °C (106.2 °F)
July 8, 9, 10, 1936 Toronto, Ontario 40.6 °C (105 °F)[13]
June 25, 1988 Windsor, Ontario 40.3 °C (104.5 °F)
July 6, 1921 Ville-Marie (Témiscamingue, Quebec) 40.0 °C (104 °F)
August 18, 1935 Nepisiguit Falls, Rexton & Woodstock, New Brunswick 39.4 °C (103 °F)
July 18, 1941 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories 39.4 °C (103 °F)
July 31, 1975 Sudbury, Ontario 38.3 °C (101 °F)
August 19, 1935 Collegeville, Nova Scotia 38.3 °C (101 °F)
July 10, 1912 Halifax, Nova Scotia 37.2 °C (99 °F)[14]
July 15, 1989 Kugluktuk, Nunavut 34.9 °C (94.8 °F)
July 30, 2009 Vancouver, British Columbia 34.4 °C (93.9 °F)
September 24, 2017 Toronto, Ontario 33.4 °C (92.1 °F)
July 20, 2000 Robertson Lake, Nunavut 32.6 °C (90.7 °F)

Highest temperatures ever recorded in Canada[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C
July 11, 1936 St. Albans, Manitoba 44.4 °C
July 12, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C
July 5, 1937 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 44.4 °C
July 16, 1941 Lillooet, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 16, 1941 Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Lillooet, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 17, 1941 Chinook Cove, British Columbia 44.4 °C
July 29, 1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C
July 5, 1936 Midale, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 11, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 43.9 °C
July 11, 1936 Morden, Manitoba 43.9 °C
July 4, 1937 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C
July 16, 1941 Oliver, British Columbia 43.9 °C
June 23, 1900 Cannington, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
June 25, 1919 Dauphin, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 31, 1926 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 24, 1927 Greenwood, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 25, 1931 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1936 Estevan, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 7, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Waskada, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Virden, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Brandon, Manitoba 43.3 °C
July 11, 1936 Greenfell, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Grenfell, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Francis, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Estevan, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 5, 1937 Carlyle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 12, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 27, 1939 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 17, 1941 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 17, 1941 Skagit River, British Columbia 43.3 °C
July 19, 1941 Elbow, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 19, 1941 Lumsden, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
August 6, 1949 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C
July 19, 1960 Newgate, British Columbia 43.3 °C
August 5, 1961 Maple Creek, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C

[15] [16]

Lowest temperature readings[edit]

The coldest place in Canada based on average yearly temperature is Eureka, Nunavut, where the temperature averages at −19.7 °C or −3.5 °F for the year. However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was −63 °C or −81.4 °F in Snag, Yukon.

Date Recorded Location Temperature
Monday, February 3, 1947 Snag, Yukon −63 °C (−81.4 °F)[1]
Wednesday, January 11, 1911 Fort Vermilion, Alberta −61.1 °C (−78.0 °F)
Sunday, January 5, 1975 Old Crow, Yukon −59.4 °C (−74.9 °F)
Wednesday, January 8, 1936 Fort Resolution, NWT −59.4 °C (−74.9 °F)
Friday, January 31, 1947 Smith River, British Columbia −58.9 °C (−74.0 °F)
Wednesday, January 23, 1935 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −58.3 °C (−72.9 °F)
Tuesday, February 13, 1973 Shephard Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C (−72.0 °F)
Wednesday, December 26, 1917 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C (−71.0 °F)
Wednesday, February 1, 1893 Prince Albert, Saskatchewan −56.7 °C (−70.1 °F)
Sunday, February 11, 1979 Dawson City, Yukon −55.8 °C (−68.4 °F)
Friday, February 9, 1934 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −55.6 °C (−68.1 °F)
Thursday, February 15, 1979 Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C (−67.5 °F) [17]
Monday, February 12, 1979 Pond Inlet, Nunavut −53.9 °C (−65.0 °F)
Monday, February 5, 1923 Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C (−65.9 °F)
Monday, January 9, 1899 Norway House, Manitoba −52.8 °C (−63.0 °F)
Friday, January 7, 1966 Resolute, Nunavut −52.2 °C (−62.0 °F)
January 1947 Whitehorse, Yukon −52.1 °C (−61.8 °F)
Friday, January 31, 1947 Yellowknife, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60.2 °F)
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Esker 2, Newfoundland and Labrador −51.1 °C (−60.0 °F)
Thursday, January 13, 1972 High Level, Alberta −50.6 °C (−59.1 °F)[18]
Thursday January 1, 1885 Regina, Saskatchewan −50.0 °C (−58.0 °F)[19]
Thursday, January 11, 2018 Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −49.8 °C (−57.6 °F)
Tuesday, January 19 and Thursday, January 21 1886 Edmonton, Alberta −49.4 °C (−56.9 °F)[20]
Thursday, December 30, 2017 Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −48.6 °C (−55.5 °F)
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Wabush, Newfoundland and Labrador −47.8 °C (−54.0 °F)
Wednesday, December 24, 1879 Winnipeg, Manitoba −47.8 °C (−54.0 °F)
Friday, February 10, 1967 Iqaluit, Nunavut −45.6 °C (−50.1 °F)
Friday, January 29, 1996 Jasper, Alberta −43.8 °C (−46.8 °F)
Tuesday, December 17, 2013 Eureka Airport, Nunavut −42.0 °C (−43.6 °F)
Saturday, January 31, 1920 Upper Stewiacke, Nova Scotia −41.1 °C (−42.0 °F)

Yearly Canadian temperature extremes[edit]

Year Extreme maximum Extreme minimum (Autumn, winter, spring)
Location Temperature Location Temperature
2018* Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 42.3 °C (108 °F) Kugaaruk, Nunavut −51.8 °C (−61 °F)
2017 Hedley, British Columbia 41.0 °C (106 °F) Mould Bay, Northwest Territories −54.7 °C (−66 °F)
2016 Oliver, British Columbia 39.0 °C (102 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −47.8 °C (−54 °F)
2015 Hedley, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −49.7 °C (−57 °F)
2014 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −50.4 °C (−59 °F)
2013 Lytton, British Columbia 40.5 °C (105 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −51.5 °C (−61 °F)
2012 Lytton, British Columbia 40.3 °C (105 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −52.1 °C (−62 °F)
2011 Grimsby, Ontario 38.5 °C (101 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
2010 Ashcroft, British Columbia 38.8 °C (102 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −47.6 °C (−54 °F)
2009 Gold River, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) McQuesten, Yukon −52.0 °C (−62 °F)
2008 Lytton, British Columbia 40.4 °C (105 °F) Mayo, Yukon −53.8 °C (−65 °F)
2007 Woodrow, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C (109 °F) Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C (−66 °F)
2006 Lytton, British Columbia 42.1 °C (108 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
2005 Frontier, Saskatchewan 39.5 °C (103 °F) Stewart Crossing and Burwash Landing, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
2004 Lytton, British Columbia 41.8 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch and Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C (−66 °F)
2003 Elrose, Saskatchewan 41.0 °C (106 °F) La Grande 4, Quebec −50.4 °C (−59 °F)
2002 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Key Lake, Saskatchewan −51.5 °C (−61 °F)
2001 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
2000 Osoyoos, British Columbia 38.8 °C (102 °F) Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories −52.3 °C (−62 °F)
1999 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.0 °C (102 °F) Ross River, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1998 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Stewart Crossing, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1997 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.6 °C (103 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1996 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.2 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1995 Smoky Falls, Ontario and Lake Cowichan, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Sachs Harbour, Northwest Territories −54.6 °C (−66 °F)
1994 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.6 °C (109 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.0 °C (−62 °F)
1993 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 37.5 °C (100 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1992 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.8 °C (104 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1991 Empress and Bindloss, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.0 °C (−65 °F)
1990 Lytton, British Columbia 40.2 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1989 Turtle Mountain, Manitoba 40.5 °C (105 °F) Ogilvie River, Yukon −56.0 °C (−69 °F)
1988 Starbuck, Manitoba 41.5 °C (107 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1987 Boston Bar, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C (−68 °F)
1986 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Swift River, Yukon −54.0 °C (−65 °F)
1985 Lytton, British Columbia 41.0 °C (106 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1984 Consul, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C (109 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1983 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.5 °C (107 °F) Stewart River, Yukon −58.0 °C (−72 °F)
1982 Boston Bar and Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.5 °C (103 °F) Ross River, Yukon −58.5 °C (−73 °F)
1981 Boston Bar and Lytton, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Stewart Crossing, Yukon −55.5 °C (−68 °F)
1980 Francis, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.0 °C (−72 °F)
1979 Kettle Valley, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.5 °C (−73 °F)
1978 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1977 Salmo, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Eagle River, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1976 Waskada, Manitoba 41.5 °C (107 °F) Ross River, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1975 Turbine, Ontario 42.8 °C (109 °F) Old Crow and Ross River, Yukon −59.4 °C (−75 °F)
1974 Kamloops, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1973 Altawan, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1972 Lillooet, British Columbia and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Ross River, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1971 Lytton, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Pelly Ranch and Mayo, Yukon −58.3 °C (−73 °F)
1970 Altawan, Alberta 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1969 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Ross River, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1968 Boston Bar, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −60.0 °C (−76 °F)
1967 Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1966 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C (103 °F) Pelly Ranch and Carmacks, Yukon −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1965 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1964 Sturgeon Crossing, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1963 East Poplar River, Willow Creek, and Cardross, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C (103 °F) Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1962 Lytton, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.9 °C (−74 °F)
1961 Maple Creek, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Pelly Ranch and Dawson City, Yukon −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1960 Newgate, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Shingle Point, Yukon, Eureka, Nunavut, and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1959 Newgate, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1958 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Lake Hazen, Nunavut −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1957 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 38.9 °C (102 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1956 Barriere & Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1955 Ramsey, Ontario & Oliver, British Columbia 39.4 °C (103 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1954 Foremost, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Frenchman Butte, Saskatchewan & Snag, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1953 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 42.2 °C (108 °F) Elmworth, Alberta −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1952 Midale, Saskatchewan 40.6 °C (105 °F) Snag, Yukon −60.9 °C (−78 °F)
1951 St Albans, Manitoba & Port Alberni, British Columbia 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories & Isachsen, Nunavut −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1950 Lytton & Port Alberni, British Columbia 38.3 °C (101 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1949 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1948 Pennant, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1947 Semans, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Snag, Yukon −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F)
1946 Beechy, Saskatchewan 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort MacKenzie, Quebec −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1945 Waneta, British Columbia & Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) St. Walburg, Saskatchewan −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1944 Skagit River, British Columbia & Kimberley, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Passe Dangereuse Dam, Quebec −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1943 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Mayo, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1942 Cumberland, British Columbia 43.9 °C (111 °F) Heaslip, Ontario −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1941 Lytton, British Columbia, Lillooet, British Columbia& Barriere, British Columbia 44.4 °C (112 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1940 Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1939 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Elmworth, Alberta & Watson Lake, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1938 Barriere, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan & Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1936 St Albans, Manitoba & Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C (112 °F) Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −59.4 °C (−75 °F)
1935 Lillooet, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Rocky Mountain House, Alberta −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C (111 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1933 Leader, Saskatchewan, Outlook, Saskatchewan, Shaunavon, Saskatchewan, Pennant, Saskatchewan, and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Dawson, Yukon −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1932 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1931 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, Aneroid, Saskatchewan, and Bassano Dam, Alberta 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C (−57 °F)
1930 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Witchekan, Saskatchewan −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1929 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, and Greenwood, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Rocky Mountain House, Alberta −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1928 Lillooet, British Columbia and Greenwood, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Vanderhoof, British Columbia & Fort Vermilion, Alberta −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1927 Greenwood, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1926 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Doucet, Quebec −48.9 °C (−56 °F)
1925 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1924 Waneta, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1923 Newgate, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1922 St Albans, Manitoba and Grand Forks, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1921 St Albans, Manitoba, Bassano Dam, Alberta, and Veaxhall, Alberta 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1920 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Stry, Alberta −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1919 Dauphin, Manitoba 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1918 Lillooet, British Columbia, London, Ontario, and Chatham, Ontario 41.1 °C (106 °F) Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1917 Jenner, Alberta 42.2 °C (108 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1916 Iroquois Falls, Ontario 41.1 °C (106 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1915 Jenner, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C (−57 °F)
1914 St Albans, Manitoba 41.7 °C (107 °F) Amos, Quebec −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1913 Ashcroft, British Columbia and Fort Frances, Ontario 38.9 °C (102 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1912 St Albans, Manitoba 40.0 °C (104 °F) Dawson, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1911 Scarborough, Ontario and Grimsby, Ontario 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −60.3 °C (−76.5 °F)
1910 St Albans, Manitoba and Moosehorn, Manitoba 41.7 °C (107 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1909 Cannington, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Dawson, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1908 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Fort Chipewyan, Alberta and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −48.9 °C (−56 °F)
1907 Kitimat, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Dawson, Yukon −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1906 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Whitehorse, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1905 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 40.6 °C (105 °F) Gleichen, Alberta and Kneehill, Alberta −47.2 °C (−53 °F)
1904 Enderby, British Columbia 39.4 °C (103 °F) Dawson, Yukon −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1903 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Dawson, Yukon −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1902 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.3 °C (101 °F) Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories −46.7 °C (−52 °F)
1901 St Albans, Manitoba 38.9 °C (102 °F) Dawson, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1900 Cannington, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C (−61 °F)

Occurrences by province[edit]

Province/Territory Extreme maximum occurrences Extreme minimum occurrences
Alberta 8 14
British Columbia 69 1
Manitoba 12 0
Northwest Territories 0 21
Nunavut 0 13
Ontario 8 1
Quebec 0 6
Saskatchewan 32 4
Yukon 0 65

Extreme maximum occurrences by community[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Lytton BC 15
Spences Bridge BC 8
Osoyoos BC 8
Fort Qu'Appelle SK 8
St Albans MB 8
Boston Bar BC 6
Lillooet BC 5
Midale SK 4
Ashcroft BC 4

Extreme minimum occurrences by town[edit]

City Province/Territory Occurrences
Pelly Ranch YT 19
Fort Good Hope NT 10
Dawson YT 8
Mayo YT 7
Eureka NU 7
Fort Vermilion AB 7
Old Crow YT 6
Ross River YT 6
Snag YT 6
Watson Lake YT 5

[21]

Yearly Canadian Average Mean Temperatures[edit]

Year Highest Average Lowest Average
Location Temperature Location Temperature
2016 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia (Merry Island Lighthouse) 12.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C
2015 Howe Sound, British Columbia 12.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.1 °C
2014 Qualicum Beach, British Columbia (Sisters Island) 11.9 °C Resolute, Nunavut −15.7 °C
2013 Qualicum Beach, British Columbia 11.3 °C Resolute, Nunavut −15.6 °C
2012 Windsor, Ontario 12.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.5 °C
2011 Windsor, Ontario 10.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.3 °C
2010 Windsor, Ontario 11.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −15.9 °C
2009 Chemainus, British Columbia 10.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.7 °C
2008 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia (Merry Island Lighthouse) 10.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.1 °C
2007 Saturna Island, British Columbia 11.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C
2006 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C
2005 Saturna Island, British Columbia 12.5 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −17.5 °C
2004 Vancouver, British Columbia 11.9 °C Alert, Nunavut −19.4 °C
2003 Victoria, British Columbia 11.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C
2002 Windsor, Ontario 11.13 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C
2001 Saturna Island, British Columbia 11.9 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.7 °C
2000 Victoria, British Columbia 11.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.0 °C
1999 Windsor, Ontario 11.3 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.7 °C
1998 Windsor, Ontario 12.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.0 °C
1997 Victoria, British Columbia 11.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.2 °C
1996 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.9 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.7 °C
1995 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.1 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.2 °C
1994 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.1 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.0 °C
1993 Vancouver, British Columbia 11.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.8 °C
1992 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.5 °C
1991 Agassiz, British Columbia 11.3 °C Mould Bay, Northwest Territories −17.7 °C
1990 Pelee Island, Ontario 11.1 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C
1989 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.6 °C
1988 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.9 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.3 °C
1987 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.9 °C Eureka, Nunavut −21.2 °C
1986 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.8 °C
1985 Windsor, Ontario 10.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C
1984 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −21.3 °C
1983 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C
1982 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.4 °C
1981 Powell River, British Columbia 11.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C
1980 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C
1979 Port Coquitlam, British Columbia 11.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −21.5 °C
1978 Port Coquitlam, British Columbia 10.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C
1977 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.8 °C
1976 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.3 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.6 °C
1975 Pelee Island, Ontario 10.3 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.5 °C
1974 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −21.3 °C
1973 Pelee Island, Ontario 11.5 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C
1972 Surrey, British Columbia 10.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −21.8 °C
1971 Windsor, Ontario 10.3 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C
1970 Surrey, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C
1969 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.5 °C
1968 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.8 °C
1967 Lytton, British Columbia 11.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.5 °C
1966 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C
1965 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.9 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −18.8 °C
1964 Saltspring Island, British Columbia 10.1 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −20.5 °C
1963 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C
1962 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.7 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.3 °C
1961 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.3 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.4 °C
1960 Victoria, British Columbia 10.8 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −18.3 °C
1959 Victoria, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.6 °C
1958 Victoria, British Columbia 12.1 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.0 °C
1957 Nanaimo, British Columbia 11.0 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C
1956 Duncan, British Columbia 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C
1955 Chatham, Ontario 10.8 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C
1954 Chatham, Ontario 10.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.6 °C
1953 Lytton, British Columbia 11.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C
1952 Chatham, Ontario 10.6 °C Eureka, Nunavut −18.4 °C
1951 Nanaimo, British Columbia 11.1 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C
1950 Nanaimo, British Columbia 10.2 °C Isachsen, Nunavut −19.8 °C
1949 Chatham, Ontario 11.2 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.6 °C
1948 Nanaimo, British Columbia 10.4 °C Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C

Occurrences by province[edit]

Province/Territory Extreme warmest year occurrences Extreme coldest year occurrences
British Columbia 54 0
Northwest Territories 0 1
Nunavut 0 68
Ontario 15 0

Extreme warmest year occurrences by location[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Halfmoon Bay BC 12
Vancouver BC 8
Windsor ON 8
Chilliwack BC 7
Victoria BC 6
Nanaimo BC 4
Chatham ON 4
Pelee ON 3
Saturna Island BC 3
Qualicum Beach BC 2
Lytton BC 2
Port Coquitlam BC 2

Extreme coldest year occurrences by location[edit]

City Territory Occurrences
Eureka NU 60
Isachsen NU 5
Resolute NU 2
Alert NU 1
Mould Bay NT 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weather records Statistics Canada. Accessed 2009-02-10. Archived July 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Daily Observation Data: St Albans Manitoba". Canada's National Climate Archive. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  3. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Archived from the original on 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Climate". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  5. ^ "Manitoba heat sets 14 records - Manitoba - CBC News". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  6. ^ "Daily Observation Data: Bassano Dam Alberta". Canada's National Climate Archive. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  7. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  8. ^ "The Canadian Encyclopedia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  9. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Archived from the original on 2012-07-31. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  10. ^ "Daily Data report for July 1939". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  11. ^ "Daily Data report for July 1941". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  12. ^ "Saskatoon". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-06-05. 
  13. ^ "The worst heat wave in Toronto history". CityNews Toronto. 2007-08-02. Retrieved 2018-09-16. 
  14. ^ "Daily Data". Climate.weatheroffice.ec.gc.ca. 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  15. ^ http://forums.castanet.net/download/file.php?id=13211&mode=view
  16. ^ "Historical Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2017-09-25. 
  17. ^ Geert Jan van Oldenborgh @ KNMI[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Climate Data Almanac for January 13". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "Climate Data Almanac for January 01". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  20. ^ "Almanac Averages and Extremes". Climate.weatheroffice.gc.ca. 2013-11-12. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  21. ^ http://climate.weather.gc.ca/prods_servs/cdn_climate_summary_e.html
3. Book of Lists, Scholastic Canada, 2005, Pages 80 and 81

External links[edit]