List of extreme temperatures in Canada

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The following is a list of the most extreme temperatures recorded in Canada.

Province or Territory Record high
temperature
Date Place(s) Record low
temperature
Date Place(s)
Alberta 43.3 °C
(110 °F)[1]
July 21, 1931 Bassano Dam −61.1 °C
(−78 °F)
January 11, 1911 Fort Vermilion
British Columbia 49.6 °C
(121 °F)
[2]
June 29, 2021 Lytton −58.9 °C
(−74 °F)
January 31, 1947 Smith River
Manitoba 44.4 °C
(112 °F)
July 11 and 12, 1936[3][4] Emerson and
St. Albans (Treesbank)
−52.8 °C
(−63 °F)
January 9, 1899 Norway House
New Brunswick 39.4 °C
(103 °F)
August 18, 1935 Nepisiguit Falls, Rexton, and Woodstock[5] −46.7 °C
(−52 °F)
January 18, 1925 Chipman[6]
Newfoundland and Labrador 38.3 °C
(101 °F)
July 6, 1921 North West River (Labrador) −51.1 °C
(−60 °F)
February 17, 1972 Esker (Labrador)
Northwest Territories 39.9 °C
(104 °F)
June 30, 2021 Fort Smith −59.4 °C
(−75 °F)
January 8, 1936 Fort Resolution
Nova Scotia 38.3 °C
(101 °F)
August 19, 1935 Collegeville −41.1 °C
(−42 °F)
January 31, 1920 Upper Stewiacke
Nunavut 34.9 °C
(95 °F)
July 15, 1989 Kugluktuk −57.8 °C
(−72 °F)
February 13, 1973 Shepherd Bay
Ontario 42.2 °C
(108 °F)
July 20, 1919 Biscotasing −58.3 °C
(−73 °F)
January 23, 1935 Iroquois Falls
July 11 and 12, 1936 Atikokan
July 13, 1936 Fort Frances
Prince Edward Island 36.7 °C
(98 °F)
August 19, 1935 Charlottetown −37.2 °C
(−35 °F)
January 26, 1884 South Kildare
Quebec 40.0 °C
(104 °F)
July 6, 1921 Ville-Marie −54.4 °C
(−66 °F)
February 5, 1923 Doucet
Saskatchewan 45.0 °C
(113 °F)
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass and
Midale
−56.7 °C
(−70 °F)
February 1, 1893 Prince Albert
Yukon 36.5 °C
(98 °F)
June 25, 2004 Takhini −63.0 °C
(−81 °F)
February 3, 1947 Snag

Highest temperature readings (selected locations)[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature °C (°F)
June 29, 2021 Lytton, British Columbia 49.6 °C (121.3 °F)[7]
June 29, 2021 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 48.6 °C (119.5 °F)
June 29, 2021 Ashcroft, British Columbia 48.1 °C (118.6 °F)
June 29, 2021 Kamloops, British Columbia 47.3 °C (117.1 °F)
June 29, 2021 Lillooet, British Columbia 46.8 °C (116.2 °F)
June 29, 2021 Kelowna, British Columbia 45.7 °C (114.3 °F)[8]
June 29, 2021 Osoyoos, British Columbia 45.0 °C (113.0 °F)[9]
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass and Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113.0 °F)[10]
July 11 and 12, 1936 Emerson and St. Albans (Treesbank), Manitoba 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)[11]
July 5, 1937 Regina, Saskatchewan 43.9 °C (111.0 °F)[12]
July 11, 1936 Brandon, Manitoba 43.3 °C (109.9 °F)[13]
July 21, 1931 Bassano Dam, Alberta 43.3 °C (109.9 °F)[14]
July 11 and 12, 1936 Atikokan, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)[15]
July 13, 1936 Fort Frances, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)[16]
July 11, 1936 Winnipeg, Manitoba 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)
July 20, 1919 Biscotasing, Ontario 42.2 °C (108.0 °F)
July 30, 2009 Woss, British Columbia 42.1 °C (107.8 °F)
July 29, 2009 Bella Coola, British Columbia 41.2 °C (106.2 °F)[17]
July 8, 9, 10, 1936 Toronto, Ontario 40.6 °C (105.1 °F)[18]
July 4, 1911 Grimsby, Ontario 40.6 °C (105.1 °F)
June 6, 1988 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 40.6 °C (105.1 °F)[19]
June 25, 1988 Windsor, Ontario 40.3 °C (104.5 °F)
July 6, 1921 Ville-Marie, Quebec 40.0 °C (104.0 °F)
June 30, 2021 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories 39.9 °C (103.8 °F)
June 28, 2021 Victoria, British Columbia 39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
August 18, 1935 Nepisiguit Falls, Rexton & Woodstock, New Brunswick 39.4 °C (102.9 °F)
June 18, 1995 Timmins, Ontario 38.8 °C (101.8 °F)
July 31, 1975 Sudbury, Ontario 38.3 °C (100.9 °F)
August 19, 1935 Collegeville, Nova Scotia 38.3 °C (100.9 °F)
July 10, 1912 Halifax, Nova Scotia 37.2 °C (99.0 °F)[20]
July 30, 1975 Thunder Bay, Ontario 37.2 °C (99.0 °F)
July 15, 1989 Kugluktuk, Nunavut 34.9 °C (94.8 °F)
July 30, 2009 Vancouver, British Columbia 34.4 °C (93.9 °F)
July 20, 2000 Robertson Lake, Nunavut 32.6 °C (90.7 °F)

Highest temperatures ever recorded in Canada[edit]

Date Recorded Location Temperature
June 29, 2021 Lytton, British Columbia 49.6 °C (121.3 °F)
June 29, 2021 Ashcroft, British Columbia 48.1 °C (118.6 °F)
June 28, 2021 Lytton, British Columbia 47.9 °C (118.2 °F)
June 29, 2021 Kamloops, British Columbia 47.3 °C (117.1 °F)
June 27, 2021 Lytton, British Columbia 46.6 °C (115.9 °F)[21]
June 29, 2021 Kelowna, British Columbia 45.7 °C (114.3 °F)
July 5, 1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113.0 °F)
July 5, 1937 Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113.0 °F)
July 11, 1936 St. Albans (Treesbank), Manitoba 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)
July 12, 1936 Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)
July 17, 1944 Lillooet, British Columbia 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)
July 17, 1944 Lytton, British Columbia 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)
July 17, 1944 Barriere, British Columbia 44.4 °C (111.9 °F)
July 29, 1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C (111.0 °F)
June 5, 1988 Kincaid, Saskatchewan 43.5 °C (110.3 °F)

[22][unreliable source?][23]

Lowest temperature readings[edit]

The coldest place in Canada based on average yearly temperature is Eureka, Nunavut, where the temperature averages at −19.7 °C or −3.5 °F for the year.

Date Recorded Location Temperature
Monday, February 3, 1947 Snag, Yukon −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F)[10]
Wednesday, January 11, 1911 Fort Vermilion, Alberta −60.3 °C (−76.5 °F)[24]
Sunday, January 5, 1975 Old Crow, Yukon −59.4 °C (−74.9 °F)[25]
Wednesday, January 8, 1936 Fort Resolution, NWT −59.4 °C (−74.9 °F)
Friday, January 31, 1947 Smith River, British Columbia −58.9 °C (−74.0 °F)
Wednesday, January 23, 1935 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −58.3 °C (−72.9 °F)
Monday, February 3, 1947 Dawson City, Yukon −58.3 °C (−72.9 °F)
Tuesday, February 13, 1973 Shephard Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C (−72.0 °F)
Wednesday, December 26, 1917 Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C (−71.0 °F)
Wednesday, January 21, 1906 Whitehorse, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69.2 °F)
Saturday, February 1, 1947 Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories −56.1 °C (−69.0 °F)
Friday, February 9, 1934 Iroquois Falls, Ontario −55.6 °C (−68.1 °F)
Thursday, February 15, 1979 Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C (−67.5 °F)[26]
Monday, February 12, 1979 Pond Inlet, Nunavut −53.9 °C (−65.0 °F)
Monday, February 5, 1923 Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C (−65.9 °F)
Monday, January 9, 1899 Norway House, Manitoba −52.8 °C (−63.0 °F)
Friday, January 7, 1966 Resolute, Nunavut −52.2 °C (−62.0 °F)
Thursday, December 22, 2022 Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −52.1 °C (−61.8 °F)
Friday, January 31, 1947 Yellowknife, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60.2 °F)
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Esker 2, Newfoundland and Labrador −51.1 °C (−60.0 °F)
Thursday, January 13, 1972 High Level, Alberta −50.6 °C (−59.1 °F)[27]
Wednesday, January 31, 1996 Geraldton, Ontario −50.2 °C (−58.4 °F)
Thursday January 1, 1885 Regina, Saskatchewan −50.0 °C (−58.0 °F)[28]
Thursday, January 11, 2018 Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −49.8 °C (−57.6 °F)
Tuesday, January 19 and Thursday, January 21 1886 Edmonton, Alberta −49.4 °C (−56.9 °F)[29]
Saturday, December 30, 2017 Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −48.6 °C (−55.5 °F)
Saturday, February 17, 1973 Wabush, Newfoundland and Labrador −47.8 °C (−54.0 °F)
Wednesday, December 24, 1879 Winnipeg, Manitoba −47.8 °C (−54.0 °F)
Friday, February 10, 1967 Iqaluit, Nunavut −45.6 °C (−50.1 °F)
Monday, January 29, 1996 Jasper, Alberta −43.8 °C (−46.8 °F)
Tuesday, December 17, 2013 Eureka Airport, Nunavut −42.0 °C (−43.6 °F)
Saturday, January 31, 1920 Upper Stewiacke, Nova Scotia −41.1 °C (−42.0 °F)
Thursday, December 17, 2020 Fort McKay, Alberta −37.1 °C (−34.8 °F)

Yearly Canadian temperature extremes[edit]

  • Note that minimum extremes are for the entire winter season ending in the year listed.
Year Extreme maximum Extreme minimum
Location Temperature Location Temperature
2024 Keg River, Alberta and Old Crow, Yukon −51.5 °C (−61 °F)
2023 Lytton, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Rabbit Kettle, Northwest Territories −53.4 °C (−64 °F)
2022 Lytton, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
2021 Lytton, British Columbia 49.6 °C (121 °F) Wekweeti, Northwest Territories (NWT) −52.0 °C (−62 °F)
2020 Lytton, British Columbia 41.4 °C (107 °F) Thomsen River, NWT −51.8 °C (−61 °F)
2019 Trail, British Columbia 39.2 °C (103 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −48.8 °C (−56 °F)
2018 Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan 42.3 °C (108 °F) Kugaaruk, Nunavut −51.8 °C (−61 °F)
2017 Hedley, British Columbia 41.0 °C (106 °F) Mould Bay, Northwest Territories −54.7 °C (−66 °F)
2016 Oliver, British Columbia 39.0 °C (102 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −47.8 °C (−54 °F)
2015 Hedley, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −49.7 °C (−57 °F)
2014 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −50.4 °C (−59 °F)
2013 Lytton, British Columbia 40.5 °C (105 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −51.5 °C (−61 °F)
2012 Lytton, British Columbia 40.3 °C (105 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −52.1 °C (−62 °F)
2011 Grimsby, Ontario 38.5 °C (101 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
2010 Ashcroft, British Columbia 38.8 °C (102 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −47.6 °C (−54 °F)
2009 Gold River, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) McQuesten, Yukon −52.0 °C (−62 °F)
2008 Lytton, British Columbia 40.4 °C (105 °F) Mayo, Yukon −53.8 °C (−65 °F)
2007 Woodrow, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C (109 °F) Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C (−66 °F)
2006 Lytton, British Columbia 42.1 °C (108 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
2005 Frontier, Saskatchewan 39.5 °C (103 °F) Stewart Crossing and Burwash Landing, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
2004 Lytton, British Columbia 41.8 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch and Ogilvie River, Yukon −54.5 °C (−66 °F)
2003 Elrose, Saskatchewan 41.0 °C (106 °F) La Grande 4, Quebec −50.4 °C (−59 °F)
2002 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Key Lake, Saskatchewan −51.5 °C (−61 °F)
2001 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
2000 Osoyoos, British Columbia 38.8 °C (102 °F) Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories −52.3 °C (−62 °F)
1999 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.0 °C (102 °F) Ross River, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1998 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Stewart Crossing, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1997 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.6 °C (103 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1996 Osoyoos, British Columbia 41.2 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1995 Smoky Falls, Ontario and Lake Cowichan, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Sachs Harbour, Northwest Territories −54.6 °C (−66 °F)
1994 Osoyoos, British Columbia 42.6 °C (109 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.0 °C (−62 °F)
1993 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 37.5 °C (100 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1992 Osoyoos, British Columbia 39.8 °C (104 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1991 Empress and Bindloss, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.0 °C (−65 °F)
1990 Lytton, British Columbia 40.2 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.0 °C (−71 °F)
1989 Turtle Mountain, Manitoba 40.5 °C (105 °F) Ogilvie River, Yukon −56.0 °C (−69 °F)
1988 Kincaid, Saskatchewan 43.5 °C (110 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1987 Boston Bar, British Columbia 42.0 °C (108 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −55.3 °C (−68 °F)
1986 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Swift River, Yukon −54.0 °C (−65 °F)
1985 Lytton, British Columbia 41.0 °C (106 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1984 Consul, Saskatchewan 43.0 °C (109 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1983 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.5 °C (107 °F) Stewart River, Yukon −58.0 °C (−72 °F)
1982 Boston Bar and Spences Bridge, British Columbia 39.5 °C (103 °F) Ross River, Yukon −58.5 °C (−73 °F)
1981 Boston Bar and Lytton, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Stewart Crossing, Yukon −55.5 °C (−68 °F)
1980 Francis, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.0 °C (−72 °F)
1979 Kettle Valley, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.5 °C (−73 °F)
1978 Boston Bar, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1977 Salmo, British Columbia 41.5 °C (107 °F) Eagle River, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1976 Waskada, Manitoba 39.4 °C (103 °F) Ross River, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1975 Turbine, Ontario 42.8 °C (109 °F) Old Crow and Ross River, Yukon −59.4 °C (−75 °F)
1974 Kamloops, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1973 Altawan, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Shepherd Bay, Nunavut −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1972 Lillooet, British Columbia and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Ross River, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1971 Lytton, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Pelly Ranch and Mayo, Yukon −58.3 °C (−73 °F)
1970 Altawan, Alberta 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1969 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Ross River, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1968 Boston Bar, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −60.0 °C (−76 °F)
1967 Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −56.7 °C (−70 °F)
1966 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C (103 °F) Pelly Ranch and Carmacks, Yukon −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1965 Ashcroft, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1964 Sturgeon Crossing, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1963 East Poplar River, Willow Creek, and Cardross, Saskatchewan 39.4 °C (103 °F) Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1962 Lytton, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −58.9 °C (−74 °F)
1961 Maple Creek, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Pelly Ranch and Dawson City, Yukon −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1960 Newgate, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Shingle Point, Yukon, Eureka, Nunavut, and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1959 Newgate, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1958 Midale, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Lake Hazen, Nunavut −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1957 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 38.9 °C (102 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1956 Barriere & Lytton, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Pelly Ranch, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1955 Ramsey, Ontario & Oliver, British Columbia 39.4 °C (103 °F) Old Crow, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1954 Foremost, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Frenchman Butte, Saskatchewan & Snag, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1953 Willow Creek, Saskatchewan 42.2 °C (108 °F) Elmworth, Alberta −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1952 Midale, Saskatchewan 40.6 °C (105 °F) Snag, Yukon −60.9 °C (−78 °F)
1951 St Albans, Manitoba & Port Alberni, British Columbia 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories & Isachsen, Nunavut −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1950 Lytton & Port Alberni, British Columbia 38.3 °C (101 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1949 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Snag, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1948 Pennant, Saskatchewan 41.7 °C (107 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1947 Semans, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Snag, Yukon −63.0 °C (−81 °F)
1946 Beechy, Saskatchewan 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort MacKenzie, Quebec −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1945 Waneta, British Columbia & Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) St. Walburg, Saskatchewan −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1944 Skagit River, British Columbia & Kimberley, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Passe Dangereuse Dam, Quebec −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1943 Rosetown, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Mayo, Yukon −55.0 °C (−67 °F)
1942 Cumberland, British Columbia 43.9 °C (111 °F) Heaslip, Ontario −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1941 Lytton, British Columbia, Lillooet, British Columbia& Barriere, British Columbia 44.4 °C (112 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1940 Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Watson Lake, Yukon −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1939 Oliver, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Elmworth, Alberta & Watson Lake, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1938 Barriere, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1937 Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan & Midale, Saskatchewan 45.0 °C (113 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1936 St Albans (Treesbank), Manitoba & Emerson, Manitoba 44.4 °C (112 °F) Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −59.4 °C (−75 °F)
1935 Lillooet, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Rocky Mountain House, Alberta −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1934 Rock Creek, British Columbia 43.9 °C (111 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.8 °C (−72 °F)
1933 Leader, Saskatchewan, Outlook, Saskatchewan, Shaunavon, Saskatchewan, Pennant, Saskatchewan, and Lumsden, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Dawson, Yukon −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1932 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1931 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan and Aneroid, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C (−57 °F)
1930 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Witchekan, Saskatchewan −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1929 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan, and Greenwood, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Rocky Mountain House, Alberta −53.3 °C (−64 °F)
1928 Lillooet, British Columbia and Greenwood, British Columbia 41.7 °C (107 °F) Vanderhoof, British Columbia & Fort Vermilion, Alberta −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1927 Greenwood, British Columbia 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1926 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Doucet, Quebec −48.9 °C (−56 °F)
1925 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Mayo, Yukon −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1924 Waneta, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 42.8 °C (109 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1923 Newgate, British Columbia and Grand Forks, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Doucet, Quebec −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1922 St Albans, Manitoba and Grand Forks, British Columbia 40.0 °C (104 °F) Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1921 St Albans, Manitoba, Bassano Dam, Alberta, and Vauxhall, Alberta 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1920 Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan 41.1 °C (106 °F) Stry, Alberta −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1919 Dauphin, Manitoba 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1918 Lillooet, British Columbia, London, Ontario, and Chatham, Ontario 41.1 °C (106 °F) Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1917 Jenner, Alberta 42.2 °C (108 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −57.2 °C (−71 °F)
1916 Iroquois Falls, Ontario 41.1 °C (106 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1915 Jenner, Alberta 40.0 °C (104 °F) Fort Smith, Northwest Territories −49.4 °C (−57 °F)
1914 St Albans, Manitoba 41.7 °C (107 °F) Amos, Quebec −52.8 °C (−63 °F)
1913 Ashcroft, British Columbia and Fort Frances, Ontario 38.9 °C (102 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −54.4 °C (−66 °F)
1912 St Albans, Manitoba 40.0 °C (104 °F) Dawson, Yukon −52.2 °C (−62 °F)
1911 Scarborough, Ontario and Grimsby, Ontario 40.6 °C (105 °F) Fort Vermilion, Alberta −60.3 °C (−77 °F)
1910 St Albans, Manitoba and Moosehorn, Manitoba 41.7 °C (107 °F) Fort Good Hope, Northwest Territories −51.2 °C (−60 °F)
1909 Cannington, Saskatchewan 40.0 °C (104 °F) Dawson, Yukon −53.9 °C (−65 °F)
1908 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Fort Chipewyan, Alberta and Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −48.9 °C (−56 °F)
1907 Kitimat, British Columbia 41.1 °C (106 °F) Dawson, Yukon −50.6 °C (−59 °F)
1906 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 42.2 °C (108 °F) Whitehorse, Yukon −56.2 °C (−69 °F)
1905 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 40.6 °C (105 °F) Gleichen, Alberta and Kneehill, Alberta −47.2 °C (−53 °F)
1904 Enderby, British Columbia 39.4 °C (103 °F) Dawson, Yukon −50.0 °C (−58 °F)
1903 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.9 °C (102 °F) Dawson, Yukon −51.7 °C (−61 °F)
1902 Spences Bridge, British Columbia 38.3 °C (101 °F) Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories −46.7 °C (−52 °F)
1901 St Albans, Manitoba 38.9 °C (102 °F) Dawson, Yukon −55.6 °C (−68 °F)
1900 Cannington, Saskatchewan 43.3 °C (110 °F) Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories −51.7 °C (−61 °F)

Occurrences by province[edit]

Province/Territory Extreme maximum occurrences Extreme minimum occurrences
Alberta 8 14
British Columbia 70 1
Manitoba 13 0
Northwest Territories 0 22
Nunavut 0 13
Ontario 8 1
Quebec 0 6
Saskatchewan 32 4
Yukon 0 65

Extreme maximum occurrences by community[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Lytton BC 15
Spences Bridge BC 8
Osoyoos BC 8
Fort Qu'Appelle SK 8
St Albans MB 8
Boston Bar BC 6
Lillooet BC 5
Midale SK 4
Ashcroft BC 4

Extreme minimum occurrences by town[edit]

City Province/Territory Occurrences
Pelly Ranch YT 19
Fort Good Hope NT 10
Dawson YT 8
Mayo YT 7
Eureka NU 7
Fort Vermilion AB 7
Old Crow YT 7
Ross River YT 6
Snag YT 6
Watson Lake YT 5
Shepherd Bay NU 4

[30]

Yearly Canadian average mean temperatures[edit]

Year Highest Average Lowest Average
Location Temperature Location Temperature
2023
2022
2021
2020 Tsawwassen, British Columbia 12.0 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −16.9 °C (2 °F)
2019 Vancouver, British Columbia (Harbour CS station) 11.5 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −16.0 °C (3 °F)
2018 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia (Merry Island Lighthouse) 11.8 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.8 °C (−2 °F)
2017 Windsor, Ontario 11.5 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.7 °C (−2 °F)
2016 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia (Merry Island Lighthouse) 12.2 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C (2 °F)
2015 Howe Sound, British Columbia 12.7 °C (55 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.1 °C (−1 °F)
2014 Qualicum Beach, British Columbia (Sisters Island) 11.9 °C (53 °F) Resolute, Nunavut −15.7 °C (4 °F)
2013 Qualicum Beach, British Columbia 11.3 °C (52 °F) Resolute, Nunavut −15.6 °C (4 °F)
2012 Windsor, Ontario 12.2 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.5 °C (0 °F)
2011 Windsor, Ontario 10.8 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.3 °C (1 °F)
2010 Windsor, Ontario 11.4 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −15.9 °C (3 °F)
2009 Chemainus, British Columbia 10.8 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.7 °C (0 °F)
2008 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia (Merry Island Lighthouse) 10.7 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.1 °C (−1 °F)
2007 Saturna Island, British Columbia 11.8 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C (2 °F)
2006 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.5 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −16.7 °C (2 °F)
2005 Saturna Island, British Columbia 12.5 °C (55 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −17.5 °C (0 °F)
2004 Vancouver, British Columbia 11.9 °C (53 °F) Alert, Nunavut −19.4 °C (−3 °F)
2003 Victoria, British Columbia 11.8 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C (0 °F)
2002 Windsor, Ontario 11.13 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C (0 °F)
2001 Saturna Island, British Columbia 11.9 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.7 °C (−2 °F)
2000 Victoria, British Columbia 11.2 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.0 °C (−2 °F)
1999 Windsor, Ontario 11.3 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.7 °C (−3 °F)
1998 Windsor, Ontario 12.5 °C (55 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.0 °C (1 °F)
1997 Victoria, British Columbia 11.8 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.2 °C (−3 °F)
1996 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.9 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.7 °C (−2 °F)
1995 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.1 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.2 °C (−1 °F)
1994 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.1 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.0 °C (0 °F)
1993 Vancouver, British Columbia 11.5 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.8 °C (−2 °F)
1992 Vancouver, British Columbia 12.4 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.5 °C (−5 °F)
1991 Agassiz, British Columbia 11.3 °C (52 °F) Mould Bay, Northwest Territories −17.7 °C (0 °F)
1990 Pelee Island, Ontario 11.1 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C (−3 °F)
1989 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.0 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.6 °C (−5 °F)
1988 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.9 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.3 °C (−1 °F)
1987 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.9 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −21.2 °C (−6 °F)
1986 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.2 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.8 °C (−5 °F)
1985 Windsor, Ontario 10.4 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C (−4 °F)
1984 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.4 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −21.3 °C (−6 °F)
1983 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.0 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C (−3 °F)
1982 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.5 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.4 °C (−5 °F)
1981 Powell River, British Columbia 11.0 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −17.6 °C (0 °F)
1980 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C (−4 °F)
1979 Port Coquitlam, British Columbia 11.0 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −21.5 °C (−7 °F)
1978 Port Coquitlam, British Columbia 10.7 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C (−3 °F)
1977 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.4 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.8 °C (−4 °F)
1976 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.3 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.6 °C (−5 °F)
1975 Pelee Island, Ontario 10.3 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.5 °C (−5 °F)
1974 Vancouver, British Columbia 10.7 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −21.3 °C (−6 °F)
1973 Pelee Island, Ontario 11.5 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C (−4 °F)
1972 Surrey, British Columbia 10.2 °C (50 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −21.8 °C (−7 °F)
1971 Windsor, Ontario 10.3 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.0 °C (−4 °F)
1970 Surrey, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C (−4 °F)
1969 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.5 °C (−3 °F)
1968 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.8 °C (−4 °F)
1967 Lytton, British Columbia 11.6 °C (53 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.5 °C (−3 °F)
1966 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.8 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C (−4 °F)
1965 Chilliwack, British Columbia 10.9 °C (52 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −18.8 °C (−2 °F)
1964 Saltspring Island, British Columbia 10.1 °C (50 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −20.5 °C (−5 °F)
1963 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 11.2 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C (−3 °F)
1962 Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia 10.7 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.3 °C (−1 °F)
1961 Chilliwack, British Columbia 11.3 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.4 °C (−5 °F)
1960 Victoria, British Columbia 10.8 °C (51 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −18.3 °C (−1 °F)
1959 Victoria, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.6 °C (−3 °F)
1958 Victoria, British Columbia 12.1 °C (54 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.0 °C (0 °F)
1957 Nanaimo, British Columbia 11.0 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C (−4 °F)
1956 Duncan, British Columbia 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −20.2 °C (−4 °F)
1955 Chatham, Ontario 10.8 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.3 °C (−3 °F)
1954 Chatham, Ontario 10.2 °C (50 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.6 °C (−1 °F)
1953 Lytton, British Columbia 11.2 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C (−3 °F)
1952 Chatham, Ontario 10.6 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −18.4 °C (−1 °F)
1951 Nanaimo, British Columbia 11.1 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.4 °C (−3 °F)
1950 Nanaimo, British Columbia 10.2 °C (50 °F) Isachsen, Nunavut −19.8 °C (−4 °F)
1949 Chatham, Ontario 11.2 °C (52 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.6 °C (−3 °F)
1948 Nanaimo, British Columbia 10.4 °C (51 °F) Eureka, Nunavut −19.9 °C (−4 °F)

Occurrences by province[edit]

Province/Territory Extreme warmest year occurrences Extreme coldest year occurrences
British Columbia 57 0
Northwest Territories 0 1
Nunavut 0 72
Ontario 16 0

Extreme warmest year occurrences by location[edit]

City Province Occurrences
Halfmoon Bay BC 13
Vancouver BC 9
Windsor ON 9
Chilliwack BC 7
Victoria BC 6
Nanaimo BC 4
Chatham ON 4
Pelee ON 3
Saturna Island BC 3
Qualicum Beach BC 2
Lytton BC 2
Port Coquitlam BC 2

Extreme coldest year occurrences by location[edit]

City Territory Occurrences
Eureka NU 64
Isachsen NU 5
Resolute NU 2
Alert NU 1
Mould Bay NT 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canada, Environment and Climate Change (October 31, 2011). "Daily Data Report for July 1931 - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca.
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3. Book of Lists, Scholastic Canada, 2005, Pages 80 and 81 and 69