List of facial hairstyles

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Simple illustration of various styles of facial hair

This is a non-exhaustive list of facial hairstyles.

Moustache styles[edit]

A moustache is defined as any facial hair grown specifically on the upper lip. There are many different types of moustache, but all differentiate between hair grown exclusively on the upper lip and hair grown on other parts of the face (which would make the facial hair a beard).

Name Image Description
Fu Manchu YU-HAUNGDONG-1920.jpeg A thin, narrow, moustache that grows downward in two very long tendrils from the upper lip, with the tapered, pointed ends hanging past the jawline. It is similar to the horseshoe moustache, but differentiated by the chin and cheeks area being smooth shaven with the lip tendrils overhanging them.[1] The moustache is named after Fu Manchu, a fictional Chinese master-criminal created by Sax Rohmer in 1911, whose portrayal in print and film media established the style.
English moustache Lieut. Richard Dowse of the Queensland Volunteer Rifles (5168600872).jpg A wide moustache that gets narrow on the sides, but is mostly straight.
Handlebar moustache The Handlebar (Moustache) Club - LONDON - 07-03-2013 cropped.jpg A moustache which has its ends grown much longer and often flared out. This is usually accentuated by styling the hair with a product such as hair gel or moustache wax. Occasionally, the ends are worn in loops.
Imperial moustache Major William Oswald Hodgkinson (5168600878).jpg A moustache similar to the handlebar, but curls and is generally thicker. It was used as a category by WBMA.
Dali moustache Salvador Dali NYWTS.jpg Narrow moustache that points upwards. Named after Salvador Dalí.[2]
Chevron moustache India - Delhi train moustache - 4808.jpg A moustache that covers the area between vermilion border and nose, and extends to the edges of upper lips, but no further.
Pyramid moustache
Brad Pitt October 2014.jpg
A moustache similar to the chevron moustache but straight instead of curvy, giving a loose resemblance to a triangle.[3]
Lampshade moustache
Black moustache.jpg
A moustache similar to the Pyramid moustache but steeper, thus resembling a trapezoid.[3]
Painter's brush
An intermediate of chevron moustache and pyramid moustache, its top is round, but the bottom is straight.[3]
Horseshoe moustache Hulk Hogan July 2010 - cropped.jpg A full moustache with ends that extend down in parallel straight lines beyond the upper lip and down to the jawline. It is similar to the traditional goatee, except for the clean-shaven chin, and resembles a horseshoe or an inverted U.
Pencil moustache John Waters 1995.jpg A pencil moustache is a thin line of hair, usually just above the line of the upper lip. It is supposed to look narrow enough to have been drawn on with a pencil (or eyeliner). Often a man wearing a pencil moustache will shave the area above it to accentuate the remaining hair. Similar thin moustaches are sometimes favored by scuba divers because the moustache does not interfere with the diving mask sealing against the skin.
Toothbrush moustache Charlie face.JPG This is a narrow but tall moustache which generally does not extend beyond the sides of the nose, and extends to the upper lip. This type of facial hair resembles a small brush like a toothbrush, where the "bristles" are attached to the bottom of the nose, which was once thought comical.

Charlie Chaplin was the first famous man to sport this look, and his popularity circa 1915 made the toothbrush style fashionable worldwide in the early 20th century. However, Adolf Hitler's adoption of the style from 1919 onward eventually led to a distinct association between the style and the German Nazi leader. Resultantly dubbed the "Hitler moustache" in the public consciousness, the style faded from popularity after 1939 and was nearly extinct after World War II.

Walrus moustache Harry Turley 1908 (cropped).jpg The walrus moustache is characterized by whiskers that are thick, bushy, and droop over the mouth. The style resembles the whiskers of a walrus, hence the name.
Hungarian moustache Adam Halliday, ca. 1904 (4050604821).jpg Big bushy moustache that extends to the sides. It was used as a category by WBMA.
Zapata moustache Emiliano Zapata, 1914.jpg A moustache where the two ends droop downwards towards the jawline, as worn by Mexican Revolutionary Emiliano Zapata. The style was popularized by Marlon Brando in the 1952 semi-biographical film Viva Zapata!.[4]

Beard styles[edit]

The simple term beard is an umbrella term which can include any style of facial hair that isn't clean shaven or just a moustache.

Goatee styles[edit]

Name Image Description
Goat patch Serj Tankian 2006 (cropped).jpg Facial hair growing from the chin directly beneath the mouth. This is meant to resemble the hair on the chin of a goat. Also called a "chin puff" or "chin strip". (Also see: goatee.)
Goatee Alberto firma.png A beard style incorporating hair on the chin but not the cheeks. Traditionally, the term referred to a style including only the hair on the lower jaw around the mouth, but has become a blanket term to refer to any style incorporating hair on the chin but not the cheeks, including those with incorporated moustaches.
The Zappa[5][6] Frank Zappa 1973 2.JPG The Zappa style consists of a wide soul patch and full moustache that extends slightly downward past the corners of the mouth. Named for American musician Frank Zappa.
Balbo Italo Balbo zoom.jpg An extended version of the Van Dyke which wraps around the mouth, with the ends of the moustache (and sometimes also the jawline) flared out beyond the lines that connect to the chin. Named for Italian aviator and Marshal of the Air Force in Fascist Italy Italo Balbo. This style was common among 19th- and early 20th-century German collegiates and military officials.
Anchor beard Robert Downey, Jr. 2012.jpg Anchor is another variant of t-beard, but unlike the Balbo beard, it's trimmed to resemble an anchor.
Soul patch HowieMandelM07 crop.jpg A soul patch is grown just below the lower lip, but does not grow past the chin (i.e., goat patch). This facial hairstyle is often grown narrow and sometimes made into a spike. The stereotypical image of a 1960s beatnik often includes a soul patch. Howie Mandel (pictured) is a notable modern-day man known for sporting a soul patch.
Van Dyke beard Augustins - Portrait du peintre espagnol Matías Moreno - Charles Durand dit Carolus-Duran P1652 (close-up).jpg The Van Dyke style is a type of goatee in which the chin hair is disconnected from the moustache hair. Often the two patches are shaped and styled independently of each other, sometimes with the chin being made into a narrow oval shape and the moustache flared out like a Handlebar style. This style is sometimes conflated with the "French Beard", which has a fuller chin beard. It is named after the 17th-century Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck.

Partial beard styles[edit]

Name Image Description
Chin curtain Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg A full beard without a moustache or neck hair, sometimes called a "lion's mane."
Chinstrap beard Passport photo of man with chinstrap beard.jpg Sideburns which are connected to each other by a narrow line of hair along the jaw, resembling a helmet strap harnessed to one's chin.
Designer stubble (also called five o'clock shadow) Shahi.jpg A stubble is any length of hair which is long enough to be seen, but short enough to not fully cover the skin beneath. This contributes to an image that a man is anywhere between relaxed and casual to disheveled and unclean.

The term five-o'clock shadow refers to stubble which is very short, apparently only a few hours' growth (as it would look at 5 PM after a man shaved that morning).

Friendly Mutton Chops Ambrose Everett Burnside.jpg Muttonchops which are connected by a moustache, but no chin hair (which would make it a full beard).[7]
Hulihee The American Museum journal (c1900-(1918)) (18156941642).jpg Similar to friendly muttonchops and sidewhiskers but trimmed mustache and sideburns. It originates in Hawaii.[8]
Circle beard Kingsley Fletcher.- Imageedit 11 9816961195.jpg A goatee in which the moustache is allowed to connect to the hair on the chin.
Mutton chops Jules Emile Péan. Photograph by Reutlinger. Wellcome V0028184.jpg A more elaborate growth of sideburns which also grow larger toward the chin, resembling a mutton chop (cut of meat with a bone sticking out). An English style that became popular with some in the US by the early 1800s.[9]
Neckbeard John Adams Dix.jpg A beard which does not include any hair on the face, but includes the hair of the neck, or under the jaw, or both. Popular in the 19th century, wearers included Jefferson Davis, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Richard Wagner, Henry David Thoreau, Horace Greeley, and Alpheus Felch.
Shenandoah Amish Man in straw hat, suspenders, and shenandoah beard.jpg A fuller version of the chin curtain in which only the moustache is shaved, allowing the hair on the neck to grow out. The Shenandoah style was common in the 19th century in Europe and North America, and is often associated with the Amish community.
Sideburns Subhashish Panigrahi - Kolkata 2013-03-14 5561.JPG Originally known as "Burnsides", sideburns are the patch of hair in front of the ears which connects a beard to the hair of one's head. Any extension beyond a simple corner angle on the front side of the head is considered to be a sideburn, though they can range widely in size from short and neatly cropped to the distinctly massive "muttonchops" of Ambrose Burnside (who gave the term its original name).
Sidewhiskers Chester A. Arthur by Ole Peter Hansen Balling.JPG Related to sideburns and muttonchops, but considerably more extreme. Classic sidewhiskers hang well below the jawline. They may be connected via a moustache, as in this picture of Chester A. Arthur, but this is not always the case (similar to the situation with standard and friendly mutton chops).

Full-beard styles[edit]

A full-beard which shows full, unmodified growth on all available areas of the face and neck, including the moustache, chin, sideburns, and cheeks.

Name Image Description
Verdi beard Verdi-1840.jpg A short beard where the moustache is disconnected from rest of the facial hair.[10] Named after Giuseppe Verdi.
Garibaldi beard Giuseppe Garibaldi Ney.jpg A beard that evenly extends below the chin, but no more than 20 cm.[11] Named after Giuseppe Garibaldi.
Forkbeard Portrait of James V of Scotland (1512 - 1542).jpg A pointed beard that is split by a curl at the chin. Despite also being known as the "French fork", it originates from Iran.[12]
Ducktail Mel Gibson Cannes 2016 3.jpg A beard where the middle part hangs from chin leaving it pointed. It is set apart from the extended goatee by the inclusion of sideburns.[12]
Hollywoodian Leonardo DiCaprio 2014 (cropped).jpg A full beard that features a goatee, full mustache and horizontal chinstrap with all hairs on the upper cheeks and sideburns removed.[13]
Ned Kelly beard Jubilé Chabal-Nallet - 20150604 - Sébastien Chabal 1.jpg A beard with the length of more than 20 cm. A Ned Kelly beard is a style of facial hair named after 19th-century Australian bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ moustache Styles Retrieved Jan 30, 2011
  2. ^ "The Salvador Dali Mustache: How to Grow, Guide, Examples, and More!". Balding Beards. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "The 13 Most Popular Mustache Styles". Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Zapata moustache". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  5. ^ This Movember go the distance with these whacky moustache styles
  6. ^ Inside the Zappa family feud
  7. ^ "beard styles: friendly mutton chops". 5 February 2015.
  8. ^ "How to grow and care for a Hulihee Beard". 2020.
  9. ^ Richardson, A. D. (1866). "4". Our New States and Territories. Beadel & Co. p. 66.
  10. ^ "How To Trim A Full Beard For Your Face Shape: Styles & Growing Tips". August 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  11. ^ "The Garibaldi Beard | A Beard Style that Allows Natural Growth". Real Men Real Style. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Best Pointed Beard Styles: How To Grow A Ducktail & French Fork Beard". August 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  13. ^ "The Hollywoodian Beard: Definitive Guide to the Classic Style". Beard Resource. 24 October 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2022.

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