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List of gay, lesbian or bisexual people

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This is a referenced overview list of notable gay, lesbian or bisexual people, who have either been open about their sexuality or for which reliable sources exist. Famous persons who are only rumored to be gay, lesbian or bisexual are not included in this list.

The definition of sexual orientation has changed greatly over time and the word "gay" wasn't used to describe sexual orientation until the mid 20th century. A number of different classification schemes have been used to describe sexual orientation since the mid-19th century. Much of the research about sexual orientation has failed to define the term at all, making it difficult to reconcile the results of different studies.[1][2][3]

However, most definitions include a psychological component (such as the direction of an individual's erotic desire) and/or a behavioural component (which focuses on the sex of the individual's sexual partner/s). Some prefer to simply follow an individual's self-definition or identity. See homosexuality and bisexuality for criteria that have traditionally denoted lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people. The high prevalence of people from the West on this list may be due to societal attitudes toward homosexuality. The Pew Research Center's 2013 Global Attitudes Survey found that there is “greater acceptance in more secular and affluent countries,” with "publics in 39 countries [having] broad acceptance of homosexuality in North America, the European Union, and much of Latin America, but equally widespread rejection in predominantly Muslim nations and in Africa, as well as in parts of Asia and in Russia. Opinion about the acceptability of homosexuality is divided in Israel, Poland and Bolivia.”[4] As of 2013, Americans are divided – a majority (60 percent) believes homosexuality should be accepted, while 33 percent disagree.[4] Attitude towards homosexuality in Latin American countries have increasingly been more legally tolerant, but Mexico and Brazil have remained unaccepting about the subject.[5][6]

Persons of confirmed lesbian, gay or bisexual orientation

The following list includes notable people who have self-identified as homosexual or bisexual, or whose homosexuality or bisexuality has been backed by sources that are usually considered reliable.

See also

References

  1. ^ Shively, Michael G.; Jones, Christopher; De Cecco, John P. (1984). "Research on sexual orientation: definitions and methods". Journal of Homosexuality. 9 (2/3): 127–136. doi:10.1300/J082v09n02_08. ISSN 0091-8369. PMID 6376622.
  2. ^ Gerdes, Lilly C. (1988). The Developing Adult (2nd ed.). Austin, Texas: Butterworth Legal Publishers. ISBN 978-0409101881.
  3. ^ Sell, Randall L. (December 1997). "Defining and Measuring Sexual Orientation: A Review". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 26 (6): 643–658. doi:10.1023/A:1024528427013. ISSN 0004-0002. PMID 9415799. ("How Do You Define 'Sexual Orientation'?" excerpt via PBS Frontline.)
  4. ^ a b "The Global Divide on Homosexuality" (PDF). Pew Research Center. June 4, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2019. (Updated May 27, 2014.)
  5. ^ "Mexico's Mindset Shifting on Homosexual Rights". The Real Truth. March 23, 2007. Archived from the original on March 31, 2007.
  6. ^ "Time to Stop Homophobic Crimes in Latin America and the Caribbean". Pan American Health Organization. World Health Organization. March 2006.

External links