List of fascist movements by country G–M
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fascist movements, sorted by country
|Name of movement||Country of predominant operation||Came to power?||Founded post-World War II?||Active?||General influence||Notes|
|Action Front of National Socialists/National Activists||Germany||No||Yes (1977)||No||Nazism||Banned in 1983|
|Free German Workers' Party ||Germany||No||Yes (1977)||No||Neo-Nazism/Strasserism||Split in late 1980s|
|National Socialist German Workers Party||Germany||Yes||No (1918)||No||Nazism||Succeeded by Deutsche Reich partei|
|Nationalist Front ||Germany||No||Yes (1985)||No||Strasserism||Banned in 1992.|
|National Democratic Party of Germany||Germany||No||Yes||Yes||Neo-Nazism (tendency)|
|Socialist Reich Party||Germany||No||Yes (1949)||No||Neo-Nazism||Fragmented from German Empire Party; banned 1952|
|Greek National Socialist Party ||Greece||No||No (1932)||No||Nazism||Founded by George S. Mercouris|
|National Union of Greece ||Greece||No||No (1927)||No||independent|
|Party of Free Opinion ||Greece||Yes (through rule of Ioannis Metaxas)||No (1922)||No||Metaxism||The political party led by Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas|
|Golden Dawn||Greece||No||Yes (1980)||Yes||Metaxism, Neo-Nazism|
|Arrow Cross Party||Hungary||Yes||No (1935)||No||Hungarist||Founded as “Party of National Will”|
|Hungarian National Socialist Agricultural Labourers' and Workers' Party||Hungary||No||No (1932)||No||Nazism|
|United Hungarian National Socialist Party||Hungary||No||No (1932)||No||Nazism|
|Christian National Socialist Front||Hungary||No||No (1937)||No||Nazism|
|Hungarian National Defence Association ||Hungary||No||No (1919)||No||independent/Italian Fascism||Also known as Szeged Fascists|
|Hungarian National Socialist Party ||Hungary||No||No (1920s-1930s)||No||independent/Nazism||Name used by a number of groups|
|Nationalist Party ||Iceland||No||No (1934)||No||light Fascism|
|Sumka (Hezb-e Sosialist-e Melli-ye Kargaran-e Iran, "Iran National-Socialist Workers Party")||Iran||No||?||Yes||Nazism||Founded by Dr. Davud Monshizadeh in December 6, 1941 (unofficially) or October 13, 1952 (officially)|
|Resurgence Party||Iran||Yes||Yes (1975)||No||Fascism|
|Aria Party||Iran||No||Yes (1946)||No||independent|
|Pan-Iranist Party||Iran||No||No (1941)||Yes||independent|
|Al-Muthanna Club||Iraq||No||No (1935)||No||Nazism||Founded by former Iraqi cabinet minister Saib Shawkat|
|Ailtirí na hAiséirghe ("Architects of the Resurrection")||Ireland||No||No (1942)||No||Fascism, Irish nationalism, Roman Catholicism||Founded by Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin|
|Army Comrades Association||Ireland||No||No (1932)||No||Fascism, Irish nationalism||Founded by Eoin O'Duffy, better known as the Blueshirts|
|National Corporate Party||Ireland||No||No (1934)||No||Clerical fascism||Member of the Fascist International|
|Brit HaBirionim||Israel (then the British Mandate of Palestine)||No||No (1930)||No||Italian Fascism||Founded by of Dr. Abba Ahimeir, Uri Zvi Greenberg and Dr. Joshua Yeivin.|
|Lehi||Israel (then the British Mandate of Palestine)||No||No (1940)||No||Fascism, Revisionist Zionism, National Bolshevism||Since 1942, Lehi was not fascist and from 1944, Lehi was national bolshevist.|
|Union of Revisionist Zionists||Israel (then the British Mandate of Palestine)||No||No (1925)||No||Fascism, Revisionist Zionism||Founded by of Ze'ev Jabotinsky|
|CasaPound Italia||Italy||No||Yes (2003)||Yes||Italian Fascism||Founded by Gianluca Iannone|
|Fascism and Freedom Movement||Italy||No||Yes (1991)||Yes||Italian Fascism||Founded by Giorgio Pisanò|
|Fasci Italiani di Combattimento||Italy||No||No (1919)||No||Italian Fascism||Succeeded by PNF|
|Fiamma Tricolore||Italy||No||Yes (1995)||Yes||Italian Fascism||Splinter group of MSI|
|Forza Nuova||Italy||No||Yes||Yes||Italian Fascism|
|Fronte Sociale Nazionale||Italy||No||Yes (1997)||Yes||Italian Fascism||Broke from Fiamma Tricolore; member of Alternativa Sociale|
|Movimento Fascismo e Libertà (MFL)||Italy||No||Yes (1991)||Yes||Italian Fascism|
|Italian Social Movement||Italy||No||Yes (1946)||No||Italian Fascism||MSI|
|Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF)||Italy||Yes||No (1921)||No||Italian Fascism||Disbanded 1943; succeeded by PFR|
|Partito Fascista Repubblicano (PFR)||Italy (RSI)||Yes||No (1943)||No||Italian Fascism||Disbanded 1945; succeeded by MSI|
|Terza Posizione||Italy||No||Yes (1979)||No||independent||Disbanded 1980|
|Imperial Rule Assistance Association||Japan||Yes||No (1940)||No||Japanese fascism||Formed in 1940 by Japanese Prime Minister Konoye to attempt to create a one-party system in Japan.|
|Showa nationalism||Japan||Yes||No||No||Japanese fascism||Such thought was basis of Kodoha Party in Pacific War times, this movement was disbanded in 1945.|
|National Socialist Japanese Workers Party||Japan||No||Yes||Yes||Neo-Nazism|
|Tohokai ("Eastern Society")||Japan||No||No (1936)||No||Nazism||Founded by Seigo Nakano, banned after the war|
|Pērkonkrusts ||Latvia||No||No (1932)||Yes||Independent||Banned after 1944; reformed after resumption of Latvian independence|
|Kataeb Party||Lebanon||Yes||No (1936)||Yes||Falangism (former)||Moved to centre-right, Christian Democacy|
|Iron Wolves ||Lithuania||Yes||No (1927)||No||Clerical fascism||Movement within the Clerical Party|
|Russian Fascist Organization||Manchukuo||No||No (1925)||No|
|Russian Fascist Party||Manchukuo||No||No (1931)||No||Italian fascism|
|Gold Shirts ||Mexico||No||No (1933)||No||Fascism||Banned after Mexico joined the allies in 1942|
|Mexican Fascist Party||Mexico||No||No (1923)||Italian Fascism|
|National Synarchist Union||Mexico||No||No (1937)||Falangism/Clerical fascism|
- C. T. Husbands, 'Militant Neo-Nazism in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1990s' in L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan, The Far Right in Western and Eastern Europe, 1995, p. 329
- C.T. Husbands, 'Militant Neo-Nazism in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1980', L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan (eds.), Neo-Fascism in Europe, London: Longman, 1991, p. 99
- Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914–1945, London, Roultedge, 2001, p. 342
- Peter Davies, Derek Lynch. The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2002. Pp. 279.
- Peter Davies, Derek Lynch. The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA: Routledge, 2002. Pp. 276.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Golden Dawn. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- S. U. Larsen, B. Hagtvet & J. P. Myklebust, Who Were the Fascists: Social Roots of European Fascism, Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1980. ISBN 82-00-05331-8
- Gholam Reza Afkhami (2008). The Life and Times of the Shah. University of California Press. pp. 434–444. ISBN 978-0-520-25328-5.
The conception of the party, a hybrid of the Italian and Spanish schools of fascism, met with widespread opposition and was withdrawn once the queen sided with its opponents. But then fascism yielded to communism. The organization became principle democratic centralism, though the term was not mentioned.
- Yom, Sean (2015). From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East. Columbia University Press. pp. 142–143. ISBN 9780231540278.
- Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. p. 11. ISBN 9781908433022.
- R. M. Douglas, Architects of the Resurrection: Ailtirí na hAiséirghe and the Fascist 'New Order' in Ireland, Manchester University Press, 2009. ISBN 0-7190-7998-5
- Sasson Sofer. Zionism and the Foundations of Israeli Diplomacy. Cambridge University Press, 2007. Pp. 253-254.
- Perliger and Weinberg, 2003, p. 108.
- Heller, 1995, p. 86.
- David Yisraeli, The Palestine Problem in German Politics, 1889–1945, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel, 1974.
- Joseph Heller 1995, p. 86.
- Robert S. Wistrich, David Ohana. The Shaping of Israeli Identity: Myth, Memory, and Trauma, Issue 3. London, England, UK; Portland, Oregon, USA: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., 1995. Pp. 88.