List of fascist movements by country N–T
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fascist movements, sorted by country
|Name of movement||Country of predominant operation||Came to power?||Founded post-World War II?||Active?||General influence||Notes|
|Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging||Netherlands||Yes||No (1931)||No||Nazism||Originated in 1931 as a fascist movement, converted to antisemitism and national-socialism in 1936-1937, never gained more than 8% of the Dutch voters|
|Nationaal-Socialistische Nederlandsche Arbeiderspartij||Netherlands||No||No (1931)||No||Nazism||broke away from NSB|
|Algemeene Nederlandsche Fascisten Bond||Netherlands||No||No (1932)||No||Italian Fascism|
|Black Front||Netherlands||No||No (1934)||No||Clerical fascism|
|National Socialist Party of New Zealand||New Zealand||No||?||?||Nazism|
|New Zealand National Front||New Zealand||No||Yes (1968)||Yes||Neo-Nazism||splinter group of the League of Empire Loyalists, not a fascist organization|
|Unit 88||New Zealand||No||Yes||?||Neo-Nazism|
|Nasjonal Samling (NS)||Norway||Yes||No (1933)||No||Nazism||Founded and led by Vidkun Quisling. Formed German puppet government in Norway. Banned 1945.|
|Norges Nasjonalsosialistiske Bevegelse (Norway's National Socialistic Movement)||Norway||No||Yes (1988)||Yes||Nazism|
|National Socialist Arab party||Palestine||No||?||?|
|Brit HaBirionim||Palestine (British Mandate of Palestine)||No||No (1930)||No||Italian Fascism||Founded by of Dr. Abba Ahimeir, Uri Zvi Greenberg and Dr. Joshua Yeivin.|
|Arnulfista Party||Panama||Yes||Yes (1990)||Panameñism|
|Accion Comunal||Panama||Yes||No||Panameñism||Founded by Dr. Arnulfo Arias|
|Falange Peru||Peru||No||Yes||?||Falangism||official site|
|Revolutionary Union||Peru||Yes||No (1931)||No||independent||Founded by Peruvian President Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro|
|Ganap||Philippines||yes (as part of KALIBAPI)||No (1941)||No||far right nationalism, fascism||Collaboratonist movement deriving from Sakdalista party|
|Kilusang Bagong Lipunan||Philippines||Yes||Yes (1978)||Yes||far right nationalism, constitutional authoritarianism, fascism||Tagalog for New Society Movement|
|Makapili||Philippines||yes (as part of KALIBAPI)||No (1941)||No||far right nationalism, fascism||Extreme nationalist, collaborationist movement, Anti-American party.|
|Philippine Falange||Philippines||No||No (late 1930s)||No||Falangism||Branch of the Spanish Falange. Leadership positions held by influential Spanish businessmen.|
|Camp of Great Poland (OWP)||Poland||No||No (1925)||No||Far-right nationalism||Founded and led by Roman Dmowski. Banned 1933|
|National Radical Camp (1934) (ONR)||Poland||No||No (1934)||No||National radicalism, far-right nationalism||Splinter group of the National Party (SN), led by Jan Mosdorf. Banned soon after its establishment, in 1934. Splintered into ONR-ABC and RNR-Falanga.|
|National Radical Camp-ABC (ONR-ABC)||Poland||No||No (1935)||No||National radicalism, far-right nationalism||Breakaway movement led by Henryk Rossman. During World War II ONR-ABC was transformed into resistance movement called the "Rampart" Group.|
|National Radical Movement-Falanga (RNR-Falanga)||Poland||No||No (1935)||No||National radicalism, far-right nationalism||Breakaway movement led by Bolesław Piasecki. Commonly known as the ONR-Falanga. During World War II RNR-Falanga was transformed into resistance movement called the Confederation of the Nation (KN).|
|Party of National Socialists (PNS)||Poland||No||No (1933)||No||Nazism||Splinter group of The National Labour Party (NSP).|
|Young German Party in Poland (JDP)||Poland||No||No (1931)||No||Nazism||Party of the German minority. Ceased activity after the German invasion of Poland in 1939.|
|German Union for Western Poland (DV)||Poland||No||No (1934)||No||Nazism||Party of the German minority. Ceased activity after the German invasion of Poland in 1939.|
|National Radical Camp (ONR)||Poland||No||Yes (1993)||Yes||National radicalism, far-right nationalism||Nationalist movement based on the tradition of a pre-war group of the same name.|
|National Revival of Poland (NOP)||Poland||No||Yes (1981)||Yes||National radicalism, far-right nationalism, third position||Led by Adam Gmurczyk. Party refers to the pre-war polish national radical movements.|
|Polish National Community-Polish National Party (PWN-PSN)||Poland||No||Yes (1990)||Yes||Far-right nationalism.||Anti-clerical and pan-slavist movement. Led by Bolesław Tejkowski.|
|Movimento de Acção Nacional (MAN, "National Action Movement")||Portugal||No||Yes (1986)||No||Nazism||Inactive 1992|
|National Syndicalists||Portugal||No||No||No||independent||Banned by the Estado Novo|
|National Union||Portugal||Yes||No (1932)||?||Estado Novo/Clerical Fascism|
|Ordem Nova ("New Order")||Portugal||No||Yes (1978)||No||Nazism||Inactive 1982|
|Crusade of Romanianism||Romania||No||No||No||Romanian fascism||Initially called the White Eagles|
|Iron Guard||Romania||Yes||No (1927)||No||Romanian fascism||Breakaway group from National-Christian Defense League; members were called "Green Shirts" because of their green uniforms|
|National-Christian Defense League||Romania||No||No (1923)||No||Romanian fascism||Iron Guard was a breakaway group from this movement|
|National Fascist Movement||Romania||No||No (1923)||No||Italian Fascism/independent||Union of NIRFM and NRF|
|National Italo-Rumanian Fascist Movement||Romania||No||No (1921)||No||Italian Fascism||Led by Elena Bacaloglu|
|National Rumanian Fascio||Romania||No||No (1921)||No||independent||Led by Titus Vifor|
|National Socialist Party||Romania||No||No (1932)||No||Nazism|
|Noua Dreaptă||Romania||No||Yes||Yes||Romanian fascism|
|Romanian Front||Romania||No||No (1935)||No||Romanian fascism||splinter group of National Peasants' Party led by Alexandru Vaida-Voevod|
|Northern Alliance (Severny Alliyans, Северный Альянс)||Russia||No||Yes||?||Neo-Nazism||neo-nazis taking inspiration from collaborationist movements from World War II.|
|Pamyat||Russia||No||Yes||No||Monarchist restoration, Ultra-nationalism||Splintered into Russian National Union and National Unity of Russia|
|Russian National Socialist Party (formerly Russian National Union) (Russkiy Natsionalʼniy Soyuz Русский Национальний Союз)||Russia||No||Yes (1992)||Yes||Neo-Nazism||Led by Konstantin Kassimovsky; became Russian National Socialist Party in 1998; splinter of Pamyat in 1992|
|Russian National Unity (Russkoye Natsionalʼnoye Yedinstvo, Русское Национальное Единство)||Russia||No||Yes||Yes||Nazism|
|Barkashov's Guards||Russia||No||Yes||Yes||Neo-Nazism||Led by Barkashov|
|Russian Radical Fascism||Russia||No||Yes||?||?|
|White Legion 88||Russia||No||Yes||?||Neo-Nazism|
|National Socialist Society (Natsional-sotsialisticheskoye obshchestvo, NSO, нaциoнaл-coциaлстичecкoe общество, HCO)||Russia||No||Yes (2004)||Yes||Neo-Nazism||Official site|
|Sammarinese Fascist Party||San Marino||Yes||No (1922)||No||Italian Fascism||Collapsed in 1943, refounded as Republican Fascio of San Marino in January 1944 and subsequently banned in November|
|Nacionalni stroj||Serbia||No||Yes||Yes||Neo-Nazism||Neo-Nazi skinheads|
|Otačastveni pokret Obraz||Serbia||No||Yes||Yes||Clerical fascism|
|Slovenska Pospolitost ("Slovakian Solidarity")||Slovakia||No||Yes||Yes||Fascism||Banned in 2006|
|Slovak People's Party||Slovakia, Czechoslovakia, Austria-Hungary||Yes||No (1906)||No||Clerical fascism||Formed German puppet government in Slovakia|
|Afrikaner Studentebond||South Africa||No||Yes||?||Nazism|
|Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging||South Africa||No||Yes (1973)||Yes||Neo-Nazism|
|Boerestaat Party||South Africa||No||Yes||?||Apartheid||Paramilitary group, the Boere Weerstandsbeweging|
|National Party||South Africa||Yes||No (1914)||No||Apartheid|
|Ossewabrandwag||South Africa||No||No (1939)||No||Apartheid|
|South African Christian National Socialist Movement||South Africa||No||No||Nazism||paramilitary group was the Gryshemde, “Grayshirts”|
|Bases Autónomas||Spain||No||Yes||?||Neo-Nazism/National Anarchism|
|Círculo Español de Amigos de Europa (CEDADE, "Spanish Circle of Friends of Europe")||Spain||No||Yes (1966)||No||Neo-Nazi||Disbanded 1993|
|España 2000||Spain||No||Yes (2002)||Yes||Patriotic, Neo-Nazi|
|Falange Española||Spain||Yes||No (1937)||Yes||Falangism|
|Bodu Bala Sena||Sri Lanka||No||Yes||Yes||Ethno-fascism|
|Clerical People's Party||Sweden||No||No (1930)||No||Clerical fascism|
|Swedish Socialist Party||Sweden||No||No (1929)||No||Fascism/Nazism||Disbanded in 1944|
|National Socialist Workers' Party (Swedish: Nationalsocialistiska Arbetarpartiet)||Sweden||No||No (1933)||No||Nazism||Became Swedish Socialist Coalition (Swedish: Svensk Socialistisk Samling) in 1938|
|National Socialist Bloc||Sweden||No||No (1933)||No||Nazism||Formed from merger of Nationalsocialistiska Samlingspartiet and Nationalsocialistiska Förbundet and, later, Nationalsocialistisk Samling|
|Nordic Realm Party||Sweden||No||Yes (1955)||Yes||Neo-Nazi|
|White Aryan Resistance (Swedish: Vitt Ariskt Motstånd)||Sweden||No||Yes (1991)||No||Neo-Nazi||Paramilitary group active between 1991 and 1993.|
|National Alliance||Sweden||No||Yes (1993)||Yes||Neo-Nazi||Founded as Young National Socialists of Stockholm (Swedish: Stockholms Unga Nationalsocialister (SUNS)) in 1993. Became the National Alliance in 1996.|
|National Socialist Front (Swedish: Nationalsocialistisk Front)||Sweden||No||Yes (1994)||No||Neo-Nazi||Disbanded in 2008|
|Swedish Resistance Movement (Swedish: Svenska motståndsrörelsen (SMR))||Sweden||No||Yes (1995)||Yes||Neo-Nazi||Militant organisation.|
|National Youth (Swedish: Nationell Ungdom)||Sweden||No||Yes (1997)||Yes||Neo-Nazi||Youth organisation of the Swedish Resistance Movement|
|Legion Wasa (Swedish: Legion Wasa)||Sweden||No||Yes (1999)||Yes||Neo-Nazi||Militant organisation|
|Party of the Swedes (Swedish: Svenskarnas Parti)||Sweden||No||Yes (2008)||No||Ethnic nationalist, Swedish nationalist, Neo-Nazi||Successor of National Socialist Front, first founded under the name People's Front (Swedish: Folkfronten). Disbanded in 2015.|
|Eidgenössische Sammlung||Switzerland||No||No (1940)||No||Nazism||Successor movement to the National Front|
|National Front||Switzerland||No||No (1930)||No||Nazism/independent|
|National Movement of Switzerland||Switzerland||No||No (1940)||No||Nazism|
|National Union||Switzerland||No||No (1932)||No||Nazism/independent||Francophone group|
|Swiss National Socialist Party||Switzerland||No||No||?||Nazism|
|Volkspartei der Schweiz||Switzerland||No||Yes (1951)||No||Neo-Nazi||Led by Gaston-Armand Amaudruz|
|League of Nationalist Action||Syria||No||No (1932)||No||Fascist||Was founded in 1932 in Syria.|
|Syrian Social Nationalist Party||Syria, Lebanon||No||No (1932)||Yes||Nazism||Advocates the establishment of a Greater Syrian national state, including present Syria, Lebanon, the Hatay Province of Turkey, Israel, the Palestinian territories, the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt, Cyprus, Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait.
- Simon, Reeva S. (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East. Macmillan Reference USA. ISBN 0-02-896011-4.
The Syrian Social Nationalist party (SSNP) was the brainchild of Antun Sa'ada, a Greek Orthodox Lebanese who was inspired by Nazi and fascist ideologies.
- Ya’ari, Ehud (June 1987). "Behind the Terror". Atlantic Monthly.
[The SSNP] greet their leaders with a Hitlerian salute; sing their Arabic anthem, "Greetings to You, Syria," to the strains of "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles"; and throng to the symbol of the red hurricane, a swastika in circular motion.
- Pipes, Daniel (1992). Greater Syria. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-506022-9.
The SSNP flag, which features a curved swastika called the red hurricane (zawba'a), points to the party's fascistic origins.
- Rolland, John C. (2003). Lebanon. Nova Publishers. ISBN 1-59033-871-5.
[The SSNP's] red hurricane symbol was modeled after the Nazi swastika.
- Johnson, Michael (2001). All Honourable Men. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-715-4.
Saadeh, the party's 'leader for life', was an admirer of Adolf Hitler and influenced by Nazi and fascist ideology. This went beyond adopting a reversed swastika as the party's symbol and singing the party's anthem to Deutschland über alles, and included developing the cult of a leader, advocating totalitarian government, and glorifying an ancient pre-Christan past and the organic whole of the Syrian Volk or nation.
- Becker, Jillian (1984). The PLO: The Rise and Fall of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-78547-8.
[The SSNP] had been founded in 1932 as a youth movement, deliberately modeled on Hitler's Nazi Party. For its symbol it invented a curved swastika, called the Zawbah.
- Yamak, Labib Zuwiyya (1966). The Syrian Social Nationalist Party: An Ideological Analysis. Harvard University Press.