Production car speed record
This is a list of the world's record-breaking top speeds achieved by a street-legal production car (as opposed to concept cars or modified cars). For the purposes of this list eligible cars are defined in the lists rules. This list uses the same definition as the List of automotive superlatives for the sake of consistency and because the term production car is otherwise undefined. The Benz Velo, as the first production car, is an exception.
- 1 Difficulties with claims
- 2 List rules
- 3 Record-breaking production vehicles
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
Difficulties with claims
Comparing claimed speeds of the fastest production cars in the world, especially in historical cases, is difficult as there is no standardized method for determining the top speed and no central authority to verify any such claims. Examples of the difficulties faced were shown up in the dispute between Bugatti and Hennessey over which car was the world's fastest.
Dauer 962 Le Mans
The Dauer 962 Le Mans, introduced in 1993, reached independently measured 404.6 km/h (251.4 mph) in 1998 and was considered as the fastest production car by several publications. But since only 13 cars were built while the rules on this site require a minimum of 25 it doesn't qualify for this list.
The Koenigsegg CCR recorded a top speed of 387.866 km/h (241.009 mph) at the Nardò Ring testing facility on 28 February 2005. The record was supervised and accredited by Guinness World Records at the time and a certificate recognising this achievement was awarded, citing the CCR as "The fastest production car... which achieved a speed of 387.866 km/h over a measured kilometre at the Nardo Prototipo proving ground, Italy". 14 examples of the CCR were produced in total, a total production run under 25 units does not qualify the CCR for inclusion on the table below.
Bugatti Veyron limiter removal
On 4 July 2010 the Bugatti Veyron Super Sport reached 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) two-way average. Bugatti built 30 Super Sports (5 of them named World Record Edition). At the time the record was set it was known that the customer cars were electronically limited to 415 km/h (257.87 mph). Guinness Book of Records (which had listed speeds by British cars with modified rev limiter as production car records in the 1990s) listed the unlimited 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) as production car speed record. Yet, 3 years later, after a query by the Sunday Times Guinness' PR director Jaime Strang was quoted: "As the car’s speed limiter was deactivated, this modification was against the official guidelines. Consequently, the vehicle’s record set at 431.072 km/h is no longer valid." 5 days later it was written on its website: "Guinness World Records would like to confirm that Bugatti's record has not been disqualified; the record category is currently under review." 5 days later Bugatti’s speed record was confirmed: "Following a thorough review conducted with a number of external experts, Guinness World Records is pleased to announce the confirmation of Bugatti’s record of Fastest production car achieved by the Veyron 16.4 Super Sport. The focus of the review was with respect to what may constitute a modification to a car’s standard specification. Having evaluated all the necessary information, Guinness World Records is now satisfied that a change to the speed limiter does not alter the fundamental design of the car or its engine."
Hennessey Venom GT one direction run
In 2014, a Hennessey Venom GT was recorded at 435.31 km/h (270.49 mph), but as the run was in one direction only and only 12 cars (+1 prototype) were ever made, it does not qualify under the Guinness Book of Records or this list's criteria as the world's fastest production car. Guinness accepted it as a production car, however.
Because of the inconsistencies with the various definitions of production cars, dubious claims by manufacturers and self-interest groups, and inconsistent or changing application of the definitions this list has a defined set of requirements. For further explanation of how these were arrived at see the above link.
Post 1945 and over 124 mph (200 km/h) only
This list is also limited to post World War II production road cars which reached more than 124 mph (200 km/h), older cars are excluded even if they were faster. The Benz Velo as the first petrol driven car is the only exception.
Production car definition
For the purposes of this list a production car is defined as:
- being constructed principally for retail sale to consumers, for their personal use, and to transport people on public roads (no commercial or industrial vehicles are eligible);
- having had 25 or more instances made by the original vehicle manufacturer, and offered for commercial sale to the public in new condition (cars modified by either professional tuners or individuals are not eligible);
- being street-legal in their intended markets, and capable of passing any official tests or inspections required to be granted this status.
Measurement of top speed
To establish the top speed for cars at least since the 1990s the requirement is, in addition to the above, an independent road test with a two-way run. The mean of the top speed for both runs is taken as the car's top speed. In instances where the top speed has been determined by removing the limiter, the test met these requirements, and the car is sold with the limiter on then the limited speed is accepted as meeting this requirement. For the McLaren F1 the estimation by Car and Driver about the speed at the rev-limiter is used.
Record-breaking production vehicles
|Year||Make and model||Top speed of production car||Engine||Number built||Comment|
|1894||Benz Velo||12 mph
|1045 cm³ 1.5 bhp||1,200||First production car|
|1949||Jaguar XK120||124.6 mph
|3442 cm³ 160 bhp||12,000||Some publications cite the XK120's timed top speed as almost 133 mph / 214 km/h in 1949. The XK120 that achieved this speed was a tuned prototype, not a production car. The production car reached 124.6 mph (200.5 km/h).|
|1955||Mercedes-Benz 300SL||150.7 mph
|2996 cm³ 212 bhp||1,400||Two-way average speed tested by Automobil Revue in 1958. 245 km/h (152.2 mph) reached in one direction.|
|1959||Aston Martin DB4 GT||152 mph
|3670 cm³ 302 bhp||75||Tested by Autosport in December 1961.|
|1963||Iso Grifo GL 365||161 mph
|5354 cm³ 360 bhp||over 400||Tested by Autocar in 1966. A total of 412 Iso Grifos were built 1963–1974.|
|1965||AC Cobra Mk III 427||165 mph
|6998 cm³ 485 bhp||>25||Tested by Car & Driver. Top speed described as observed|
|1967||Lamborghini Miura P400||171 mph
|3929 cm³ 350 bhp||275||Tested by Motor in June 1967. Over 750 units build in 1966–1973 period, which includes P400, P400 S and P400 SV models.|
|1968||Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona||174 mph
|4390 cm³ 352 bhp||about 1,400||Tested by Autocar in 1971.|
|1969||Lamborghini Miura P400S||179.3 mph
|3929 cm³ 370 bhp||338||Tested by Sport Auto in 1970.|
|1982||Lamborghini Countach LP500 S||182 mph
|4754 cm³ 375 bhp||323||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport|
|1984||Ferrari 288 GTO||188 mph
|2855 cm³ 400 bhp||272||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport in 1985. Doubted, since Automobil Revue measured only 279 km/h (173 mph) for the identical car and even several remeasurements at two additional test dates didn't yield more than 288 km/h (179 mph). Road & Track measured 179 and 180 mph (289.7 km/h) at two tests.|
|1986||Porsche 959||198 mph
|2849 cm³ 444 bhp||337||Tested by Road and Track in 1987. The 959 Deluxe version reached 197 mph (317 km/h), the Sport version 198 mph (319 km/h). 29 were built in a performance-enhanced 515 hp sports version which reached 339 km/h (211 mph) tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardo in 1988.|
|1987||Ruf CTR||213 mph
|3367 cm³ 469 bhp||29||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardò Ring in 1988|
|1993||McLaren F1||221 mph
|6064 cm³ 618 bhp||64||Speed at the rev limiter estimated by Car and Driver. Without the rev-limiter, it was able to reach a top-speed of 240.1 mph (386.4 km/h). No tested top speed faster than 335 km/h (208 mph) found for an unmodified car.|
|2005||Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4||253.81 mph
|7993 cm³ 987 bhp||300||Recorded and verified by German inspection officials.|
|2010||Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Super Sport||258 mph
|7993 cm³ 1183 bhp||30||Out of the initial production run of 30, 5 cars were named the Super Sport World Record Edition. With the electronic limiter turned off the Super Sport World Record Edition was capable of 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) two-way average. When sold they were electronically limited to 415 km/h (258 mph). Pierre-Henri Raphanel drove the unlimited car and its top speed was verified by Guinness World Records.|
- History of the automobile
- Land speed record
- List of fastest production cars by acceleration – note that this list uses a different definition of a production car to both the list of fastest production cars and the list of automotive superlatives
Cars excluded from the list together with basic reason
|Year||Make and model||Top speed of production car||Engine||Number built||Comment|
|1950–1959||Ferrari 340, 342, 375 America, 400, 410 Superamerica||Fewer than 20 made for any model and many were racing cars|
|1953||Pegaso Z-102 BS 2.8 Supercharged||151 mph
|<20||Fewer than 20 built, excluded because of number built|
|1959||Maserati 5000 GT||172.4 mph
|4935/4941 cm³ 340/325 bhp||2+32||Only the first two cars had the 340 bhp engine, 22 cars had coachwork by Allemano, 12 by 7 other companies |
|1962||Studebaker Avanti R2||158 mph
|unknown for version tested||Data on speed tests and configuration of the car tested unknown at this stage|
|1962||Studebaker Avanti R3||171.1 mph
|9||Excluded because of number built|
|1962||Ferrari 250 GTO||158 mph
|2953 cm³ 296 bhp||39||No independent road test and each car tends to be customised|
|1974||Lamborghini Countach LP400||179 mph
|3929 cm³ 375 bhp||158||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, speed record already higher|
|1983||Ruf BTR||189.5 mph
|3367 cm³ 374 bhp||about 20-30||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, about 20-30 built with Ruf VIN, excluded because of number built|
|1985||Lamborghini Countach 5000QV||185 mph
|5167 cm³ 449 bhp||676||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, speed record already higher. The car which was tested 190.1 mph (305.9 km/h) by Fast Lane in 1986 and listed in the Guinness Book of World Records 1988 had a factory modified airbox.|
|1990||Vector W8||242 mph
(389 km/h) for prototype
|5973 cm³ 625 bhp||17 production models||Excluded because of number built and no verified top speed for production model, 218 mph (350 km/h) claimed|
|1993||Dauer 962 Le Mans||251.4 mph
|2994 cm³ 720 bhp||13||Excluded because of number built|
|2004||Koenigsegg CCR||242 mph
|4700 cm³ 806 bhp||14||Excluded because of number built|
|2007||SSC Ultimate Aero TT||256 mph
|6345 cm³ 1183 bhp||<20||Excluded because of number built|
|2010||Hennessey Venom GT||270.49 mph
|7000 cm³ 1244 bhp||16||Excluded because of number built and single direction top speed test run|
|2017||Koenigsegg Agera RS||277.87 mph
|5000 cm³ 1341 bhp||30||Out of the initial production run of 30 - 2 were factory demo Agera RS, 25 were customer ordered Agera RS, and 3 were Agera RS Final Edition. Out of the total production run, 11 cars were factory specced with the 1MW option and all the other Agera RS can be factory upgraded with the 1MW option if the owner of the car so chooses. Niklas Lilja drove the Agera RS and its top speed was independently verified by Racelogic.|
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- http://www.roadandtrack.com/go/news/hennessey-venom-hits-270-mph-is-worlds-fastest-car Guinness two-way run requirement
- http://www.fia.com/sports/fia-world-land-speed-records FIA two-way run requirement
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But the XK120 was a post-war performance revelation, proving itself as the fastest production car in the world at the time.
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