Production car speed record

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This is a list of the world's record-breaking top speeds achieved by a street-legal production car (as opposed to concept cars or modified cars). For the purposes of this list eligible cars are defined in the lists rules. This list uses the same definition as the List of automotive superlatives for the sake of consistency and because the term production car is otherwise undefined. The Benz Velo, as the first production car, is an exception.

Difficulties with claims[edit]

Comparing claimed speeds of the fastest production cars in the world, especially in historical cases, is difficult as there is no standardized method for determining the top speed and no central authority to verify any such claims. Examples of the difficulties faced were shown up in the dispute between Bugatti and Hennessey over which car was the world's fastest.[1]

Dauer 962 Le Mans[edit]

The Dauer 962 Le Mans, introduced in 1993, reached independently measured 404.6 km/h (251.4 mph) in 1998 and was considered as the fastest production car by several publications. But since only 13 cars were built while the rules on this site require a minimum of 25 it doesn't qualify for this list.[2]

Koenigsegg CCR[edit]

The Koenigsegg CCR recorded a top speed of 387.866 km/h (241.009 mph) at the Nardò Ring testing facility on 28 February 2005.[3] The record was supervised and accredited by Guinness World Records at the time and a certificate recognising this achievement was awarded, citing the CCR as "The fastest production car... which achieved a speed of 387.866 km/h over a measured kilometre at the Nardo Prototipo proving ground, Italy". 14 examples of the CCR were produced in total, a total production run under 25 units does not qualify the CCR for inclusion on the table below.

Bugatti Veyron limiter removal[edit]

On 4 July 2010 the Bugatti Veyron Super Sport reached 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) two-way average. Bugatti built 30 Super Sports (5 of them named World Record Edition). At the time the record was set it was known that the customer cars were electronically limited to 415 km/h (257.87 mph). Guinness Book of Records (which had listed speeds by British cars with modified rev limiter as production car records in the 1990s) listed the unlimited 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) as production car speed record. Yet, 3 years later, after a query by the Sunday Times Guinness' PR director Jaime Strang was quoted: "As the car’s speed limiter was deactivated, this modification was against the official guidelines. Consequently, the vehicle’s record set at 431.072 km/h is no longer valid." 5 days later it was written on its website: "Guinness World Records would like to confirm that Bugatti's record has not been disqualified; the record category is currently under review." 5 days later Bugatti’s speed record was confirmed: "Following a thorough review conducted with a number of external experts, Guinness World Records is pleased to announce the confirmation of Bugatti’s record of Fastest production car achieved by the Veyron 16.4 Super Sport. The focus of the review was with respect to what may constitute a modification to a car’s standard specification. Having evaluated all the necessary information, Guinness World Records is now satisfied that a change to the speed limiter does not alter the fundamental design of the car or its engine."[1][4][5]

Hennessey Venom GT one direction run[edit]

In 2014, a Hennessey Venom GT was recorded at 435.31 km/h (270.49 mph), but as the run was in one direction only and only 12 cars (+1 prototype) were ever made, it does not qualify under the Guinness Book of Records or this list's criteria as the world's fastest production car.[6] Guinness accepted it as a production car, however.[7][8]

List rules[edit]

Because of the inconsistencies with the various definitions of production cars, dubious claims by manufacturers and self-interest groups, and inconsistent or changing application of the definitions this list has a defined set of requirements. For further explanation of how these were arrived at see the above link.

Post 1945 and over 124 mph (200 km/h) only[edit]

This list is also limited to post World War II production road cars which reached more than 124 mph (200 km/h), older cars are excluded even if they were faster. The Benz Velo as the first petrol driven car is the only exception.

Production car definition[edit]

For the purposes of this list a production car is defined as:

  1. being constructed principally for retail sale to consumers, for their personal use, and to transport people on public roads (no commercial or industrial vehicles are eligible);
  2. having had 25 or more instances made by the original vehicle manufacturer, and offered for commercial sale to the public in new condition (cars modified by either professional tuners or individuals are not eligible);[9][10]
  3. being street-legal in their intended markets, and capable of passing any official tests or inspections required to be granted this status.

Measurement of top speed[edit]

To establish the top speed for cars at least since the 1990s the requirement is, in addition to the above, an independent road test with a two-way run. The mean of the top speed for both runs is taken as the car's top speed.[11][12] In instances where the top speed has been determined by removing the limiter, the test met these requirements, and the car is sold with the limiter on then the limited speed is accepted as meeting this requirement. For the McLaren F1 the estimation by Car and Driver about the speed at the rev-limiter is used.

Record-breaking production vehicles[edit]

Year Make and model Top speed of production car Engine Number built Comment
1894 Benz Velo 12 mph
(20 km/h)[13]
1045 cm³ 1.5 bhp 1,200 First production car
1949 Jaguar XK120 124.6 mph
(200.5 km/h)[14]
3442 cm³ 160 bhp 12,000 Some publications cite the XK120's timed top speed as almost 133 mph / 214 km/h in 1949.[15] The XK120 that achieved this speed was a tuned prototype, not a production car. The production car reached 124.6 mph (200.5 km/h).
1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SL 150.7 mph
(242.5 km/h)[16]
2996 cm³ 212 bhp 1,400 Two-way average speed tested by Automobil Revue in 1958. 245 km/h (152.2 mph) reached in one direction.
1959 Aston Martin DB4 GT 152 mph
(245 km/h)[17]
3670 cm³ 302 bhp 75 Tested by Autosport in December 1961.
1963 Iso Grifo GL 365 161 mph
(259 km/h)[18]
5354 cm³ 360 bhp over 400 Tested by Autocar in 1966. A total of 412 Iso Grifos were built 1963–1974.[19]
1965 AC Cobra Mk III 427 165 mph
(266 km/h)[20]
6998 cm³ 485 bhp >25 Tested by Car & Driver. Top speed described as observed
1967 Lamborghini Miura P400 171 mph
(275 km/h)[21]
3929 cm³ 350 bhp 275 Tested by Motor in June 1967. Over 750 units build in 1966–1973 period, which includes P400, P400 S and P400 SV models.
1968 Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona 174 mph
(280 km/h)[22]
4390 cm³ 352 bhp about 1,400 Tested by Autocar in 1971.
1969 Lamborghini Miura P400S 179.3 mph
(288.6 km/h)[23]
3929 cm³ 370 bhp 338 Tested by Sport Auto in 1970.
1982 Lamborghini Countach LP500 S 182 mph
(293 km/h)[24]
4754 cm³ 375 bhp 323 Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport
1984 Ferrari 288 GTO 188 mph
(303 km/h)[25]
2855 cm³ 400 bhp 272 Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport in 1985. Doubted, since Automobil Revue measured only 279 km/h (173 mph) for the identical car and even several remeasurements at two additional test dates didn't yield more than 288 km/h (179 mph). Road & Track measured 179 and 180 mph (289.7 km/h) at two tests.[26][27]
1986 Porsche 959 198 mph
(319 km/h)[27]
2849 cm³ 444 bhp 337 Tested by Road and Track in 1987. The 959 Deluxe version reached 197 mph (317 km/h), the Sport version 198 mph (319 km/h). 29 were built in a performance-enhanced 515 hp sports version which reached 339 km/h (211 mph) tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardo in 1988.[28][29]
1987 Ruf CTR 213 mph
(342 km/h)[28]
3367 cm³ 469 bhp 29[30] Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardò Ring in 1988
1993 McLaren F1 221 mph
(355 km/h)
6064 cm³ 618 bhp 64[31] Speed at the rev limiter estimated by Car and Driver.[32] Without the rev-limiter, it was able to reach a top-speed of 240.1 mph (386.4 km/h).[33] No tested top speed faster than 335 km/h (208 mph) found for an unmodified car.
2005 Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 253.81 mph
(408.47 km/h)
7993 cm³ 987 bhp 300 Recorded and verified by German inspection officials.[34]
2010 Bugatti Veyron 16.4 Super Sport 258 mph
(415 km/h)
7993 cm³ 1183 bhp 30 Out of the initial production run of 30, 5 cars were named the Super Sport World Record Edition. With the electronic limiter turned off the Super Sport World Record Edition was capable of 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph) two-way average. When sold they were electronically limited to 415 km/h (258 mph). Pierre-Henri Raphanel drove the unlimited car and its top speed was verified by Guinness World Records.[35][36][37]

See also[edit]

Cars excluded from the list together with basic reason[edit]

Year Make and model Top speed of production car Engine Number built Comment
1950–1959 Ferrari 340, 342, 375 America, 400, 410 Superamerica Fewer than 20 made for any model and many were racing cars
1953 Pegaso Z-102 BS 2.8 Supercharged 151 mph
(243 km/h)
<20 Fewer than 20 built, excluded because of number built
1959 Maserati 5000 GT 172.4 mph
(277 km/h)
4935/4941 cm³ 340/325 bhp 2+32 Only the first two cars had the 340 bhp engine, 22 cars had coachwork by Allemano, 12 by 7 other companies [38]
1962 Studebaker Avanti R2 158 mph
(254 km/h)
unknown for version tested Data on speed tests and configuration of the car tested unknown at this stage
1962 Studebaker Avanti R3 171.1 mph
(275 km/h)
9[39] Excluded because of number built
1962 Ferrari 250 GTO 158 mph
(254 km/h)
2953 cm³ 296 bhp 39 No independent road test and each car tends to be customised
1974 Lamborghini Countach LP400 179 mph
(288 km/h)[40]
3929 cm³ 375 bhp 158 Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, speed record already higher
1983 Ruf BTR 189.5 mph
(305 km/h)[41]
3367 cm³ 374 bhp about 20-30 Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, about 20-30 built with Ruf VIN, excluded because of number built
1985 Lamborghini Countach 5000QV 185 mph
(298 km/h)[42]
5167 cm³ 449 bhp 676 Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport, speed record already higher. The car which was tested 190.1 mph (305.9 km/h) by Fast Lane in 1986 and listed in the Guinness Book of World Records 1988 had a factory modified airbox.[43]
1990 Vector W8 242 mph
(389 km/h) for prototype
5973 cm³ 625 bhp 17 production models Excluded because of number built and no verified top speed for production model, 218 mph (350 km/h) claimed
1993 Dauer 962 Le Mans 251.4 mph
(404.6 km/h)
2994 cm³ 720 bhp 13 Excluded because of number built
2004 Koenigsegg CCR 242 mph
(389 km/h)
4700 cm³ 806 bhp 14 Excluded because of number built
2007 SSC Ultimate Aero TT 256 mph
(412 km/h)
6345 cm³ 1183 bhp <20 Excluded because of number built
2010 Hennessey Venom GT 270.49 mph
(435.31 km/h)(2014)
7000 cm³ 1244 bhp 16 Excluded because of number built and single direction top speed test run
2017 Koenigsegg Agera RS 277.87 mph
(447.19 km/h)
5000 cm³ 1341 bhp 30 Out of the initial production run of 30 - 2 were factory demo Agera RS, 25 were customer ordered Agera RS, and 3 were Agera RS Final Edition. Out of the total production run, 11 cars were factory specced with the 1MW option and all the other Agera RS can be factory upgraded with the 1MW option if the owner of the car so chooses. Niklas Lilja drove the Agera RS and its top speed was independently verified by Racelogic.[44][45][46][47][48][49][50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kennedy, George (4 September 2015). "Fastest production car world not exactly clear cut". Yahoo. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Evo September 2003: p.106-109
  3. ^ "Koenigsegg CCR Breaks World Speed Record for Production Cars". newatlas.com. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "Guinness World Records statement: Production car world records". 8 April 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  5. ^ https://newatlas.com/worlds-fastest-car-bugatti-veyron/27079/
  6. ^ "Hennessey Venom GT Final Edition Crosses the Finish Line" (Press release). Hennessey Performance Engineering. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Nunez, Alex (24 February 2014), "The Hennessey Venom GT is the world's fastest car; Hits 270 mph on tarmac reserved for astronauts", Road & Track 
  8. ^ "Aerodynamic Test Session Results in New Top Speed for Hennessey Venom GT" (Press release). Hennessey Performance Engineering. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "270-mph Hennessey Venom GT is now the world's fastest car". 24 February 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Hennessey Venom hits record 270.49mph". www.topgear.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  11. ^ http://www.roadandtrack.com/go/news/hennessey-venom-hits-270-mph-is-worlds-fastest-car Guinness two-way run requirement
  12. ^ http://www.fia.com/sports/fia-world-land-speed-records FIA two-way run requirement
  13. ^ Danielson, C. (12 September 2008). "eMercedesBenz Feature: The World's First Production Car, The Benz Patent Motor Car Velocipede Of 1894". eMercedesBenz. 
  14. ^ Stoy, Andy (15 October 2012). "Worth the Wait". Autoweek. 62 (21): 40–41. ISSN 0192-9674. But the XK120 was a post-war performance revelation, proving itself as the fastest production car in the world at the time. 
  15. ^ Hodges, David; Burgess-Wise, David; Davenport, John; Harding, Anthony (1994). The Guinness Book of Car Facts and Feats (4 ed.). London: Guinness Publishing. p. 52. ISBN 0-85112-768-1. 
  16. ^ Automobil Revue 22 January 1959 https://www.zwischengas.com/de/FT/fahrzeugberichte/Mercedes-Benz-300-SL-der-gezaehmte-Rennwagen-fuer-die-Schickeria-der-Sechzigerjahre.html
  17. ^ "John Bolster". Autosport. December: 778. 1961. 
  18. ^ "Autocar Road Test Number 2077". Autocar. 29 April. 1966. 
  19. ^ Oleski, Frank; Lehbrink, Hartmut. 100 Jahre Sportwagen. 
  20. ^ http://media.caranddriver.com/files/shelby-cobra-427shelby-cobra-427-roadster-road-test-nov-65.pdf Car and Driver magazine August 1965
  21. ^ "Sackey, Joe. The Lamborghini Miura Bible" (PDF). 
  22. ^ "Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona review – on the road". Archived from the original on 6 May 2007. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  23. ^ Sport Auto, numéro 100, mai 1970
  24. ^ Auto, Motor und Sport 15/1983
  25. ^ Auto, Motor und Sport 7/1985
  26. ^ Automobil Revue 17.July 1986
  27. ^ a b Road and Track July 1987 Egan, Peter (2016-05-29). "In 1987, The World's Fastest Cars Couldn't Catch A 211-mph Twin-Turbo Ruf". Road & Track. US. 
  28. ^ a b Auto, Motor und Sport 25/1988
  29. ^ Bernd Woytal (18 October 2015). "Ferrari F40 gegen Porsche 959: Nonplusultra-Supersportler der 80er – Auto Motor und Sport". auto motor und sport. 
  30. ^ 1987 Ruf CTR "Yellowbird" 911 Turbo Driven, Car and Driver, November 2012, Jethro Bovington
  31. ^ "McLaren F1 Owners Club Tour 2014 – Photo Gallery". Sports Car Digest. 21 July 2014. 
  32. ^ Robinson, Peter (August 1994). "The Finest High-Performance Production Engine in the World". Car and Driver. US. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  33. ^ "McLaren F1". Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  34. ^ "Bugatti Veyron". Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  35. ^ "Fastest Production Car". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  36. ^ "Veyron Super Sport hits 267 mph". topgear.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  37. ^ "Guinness World Records statement: Fastest Production Car". Guinness World Records. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  38. ^ "The Maserati 5000GT". www.maserati-alfieri.co.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  39. ^ "1964 Studebaker Avanti R2 (Paxton Supercharger) – Conceptcarz". conceptcarz.com. 
  40. ^ Auto, Motor und Sport 9/1978
  41. ^ Auto, Motor und Sport 3/1987
  42. ^ Auto, Motor und Sport 12/1987 p.11
  43. ^ Prince, Max. "5 Things You Didn't Know About the Lamborghini Countach". Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  44. ^ Tsui, Chris. "The Koenigsegg Agera RS Is Now the Fastest Production Car Ever Made". Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  45. ^ "The Koenigsegg Agera RS has claimed five speed records". www.topgear.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  46. ^ "Koenigsegg Agera RS becomes the world's fastest production car". Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  47. ^ "The World's Fastest Car Is Made in Sweden". Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  48. ^ "The Koenigsegg Agera RS Is Officially the World's Fastest Car". 4 November 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  49. ^ Drewitz, Ina. "Koenigsegg Agera RS Production Speed Record – VBOX Verified!". www.vboxmotorsport.co.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2018. 
  50. ^ http://www.koenigsegg.com/koenigsegg-agera-rs-achieves-multiple-production-car-world-speed-records/

Further reading[edit]

  • Wood, Jonathan (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Cars. Parragon Publishing. ISBN 1-4054-5467-9. 
  • Brown, Langworth; Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (1998). Great Cars of The 20th Century. Publications International. ISBN 0-7853-2523-9.