Production car speed record
This is a list of the world's record-breaking top speeds achieved by a street-legal production car (as opposed to concept cars or modified cars). For the purposes of this list eligible cars are defined in the lists rules. This list uses the same definition as the List of automotive superlatives for the sake of consistency and because the term production car is otherwise undefined. The Benz Velo, as the first production car, is an exception.
- 1 Difficulties with claims
- 2 List rules
- 3 Record-breaking production vehicles
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
- 7 Notes for editors
Difficulties with claims
Comparing claimed speeds of the fastest production cars in the world, especially in historical cases, is difficult as there is no standardized method for determining the top speed and no central authority to verify any such claims. Examples of the difficulties faced were shown up in the dispute between Bugatti and Hennessey over which car was the world's fastest.
Bugatti Veyron limiter removal
The current Guinness World Records title holder, the Bugatti Veyron Super Sport, was certified for the average top speed achieved on a two-way run, registering 431 km/h (268 mph). Bugatti made 5 Veyrons named the World Record Edition out of the initial production run of 30 Super Sports, all of which would be able to achieve this speed if the limiter was removed. Bugatti did not sell any with the limiter removed. Initially, when challenged by Hennessey, Guinness decided the Bugatti was ineligible because the test car was deemed as being modified. Bugatti sought a review of the decision and Guinness, after a review by a panel of experts, considered removing the limiter was not a modification and thereby making the car eligible for their publication.
Hennessey Venom GT one direction run
In 2014, a Hennessey Venom GT was recorded as exceeding 270.49 mph (435.31 km/h), but as the run was in one direction only, and only 16 cars out of a planned total of 29 have been sold, it does not qualify under the Guinness Book of Records or this list's criteria as the world's fastest production car. Guinness accepted it as production car however.
Because of the inconsistencies with the various definitions of production cars, dubious claims by manufacturers and self interest groups, and inconsistent or changing application of the definitions this list has a defined set of requirements. For further explanation of how these were arrived at see the above link.
Post 1945 and over 124 mph (200 km/h) only
This list is also limited to post World War II production road cars which reached more than 124 mph (200 km/h), older cars are excluded even if they were faster. The Benz Velo as the first petrol driven car is the only exception.
Production car definition
For the purposes of this list a production car is defined as:
- being constructed principally for retail sale to consumers, for their personal use, and to transport people on public roads (no commercial or industrial vehicles are eligible);
- having had 25 or more instances made by the original vehicle manufacturer, and offered for commercial sale to the public in new condition (cars modified by either professional tuners or individuals are not eligible); and
- being street-legal in their intended markets, and capable of passing any official tests or inspections required to be granted this status.
Measurement of top speed
To establish the top speed for cars at least since the 1990s the requirement is, in addition to the above, an independent road test with a two-way run. The mean of the top speed for both runs is taken as the car's top speed.
Record-breaking production vehicles
|Year||Make and model||Top speed of production car||Number built||Comment|
|1894||Benz Velo||12 mph
|1,200||First production car|
|1949||Jaguar XK120||124.6 mph
|12,000||Some publications cite the XK120's timed top speed as almost 133 mph / 214 km/h in 1949." The XK120 that achieved this speed was a tuned prototype, not a production car. The production car reached 124.6 mph (201 km/h).|
|1955||Mercedes-Benz 300SL||140 mph
|1,400||Tested by Road & Track.|
|1958||Aston Martin DB4||140.6 mph
|1,110||Tested by Autocar magazine in 1961.|
|1959||Aston Martin DB4 GT||152 mph
|75||Tested by Autosport in December 1961.|
|1963||Iso Grifo GL 365||161 mph
|over 400||Tested by Autocar in 1966. A total of 412 Iso Grifos were built 1963–1974.|
|1965||AC Cobra Mk III 427||165 mph
|>25||Tested by Car & Driver. Top speed described as observed|
|1967||Lamborghini Miura P400||171 mph
|over 750||Tested by Motor in June 1967. Over 750 units build in 1966–1973 period, which includes P400, P400 S and P400 SV models.|
|1968||Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona||174 mph
|about 1,400||Tested by Autocar in 1971.|
|1974||Lamborghini Countach LP400||179 mph
|158||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport|
|1982||Lamborghini Countach LP500 S||182 mph
|323||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport|
|1984||Ferrari 288 GTO||188 mph
|272||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport in 1985.|
|1986||Porsche 959||197 mph
|337||Tested by Road and Track in 1987. The most common 959 Deluxe version reached 197 mph (317 km/h), the Sport version 198 mph (319 km/h). 29 were built in a performance-enhanced 515 hp sports version which reached 210.645 mph (339 km/h) tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardo in 1988.|
|1987||Ferrari F40||200 mph
|1311||Richard Hammond noted in a February 2011 Top Gear film that it had a top speed of 201mph and that it was the first production car to break 200mph and that it was "a 200mph car built not to gain race homologation, but seemingly for the pure, unadulterated joy of creating the fastest, sharpest road car in the world."|
|1987||Ruf CTR||212.509 mph
|29||Tested by Auto, Motor und Sport at Nardò Ring in 1988|
|1993||McLaren F1||230 mph
|64||Without the rev-limiter, it was able to reach a top-speed of 240.1 mph (386.4 km/h).|
|2005||Bugatti Veyron 16.4||253.81 mph
|300||Recorded and verified by German inspection officials.|
|2010||Bugatti Veyron Super Sport||257.87 mph
|30||Out of the initial production run of 30, 5 cars were named the Super Sport World Record Edition. With the electronic limiter turned off all 30 were capable of 267.857 mph (431.074 km/h). When sold they electronically limited to 257.87 mph (415.00 km/h). Pierre-Henri Raphanel drove the unlimited car and its top speed was verified by Guinness World Records.|
- History of the automobile
- Land speed record
- List of fastest production cars by acceleration – note that this list uses a different definition of a production car to both the list of fastest production cars and the list of automotive superlatives
- Fastest production car world not exactly clear cut, George Kennedy, Boldride, September 3, 2015; retrieved 12 January 2016
- "Guinness World Records statement: Fastest Production Car". Guinness World Records. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Nunez, Alex (24 February 2014), "The Hennessey Venom GT is the world's fastest car; Hits 270 mph on tarmac reserved for astronauts", Road & Track
- Hennessey Performance Engineering (24 February 2014), Aerodynamic Test Session Results in New Top Speed for Hennessey Venom GT (press release), HPE Design
- http://www.roadandtrack.com/go/news/hennessey-venom-hits-270-mph-is-worlds-fastest-car Guinness two-way run requirement
- http://www.fia.com/sports/fia-world-land-speed-records FIA two-way run requirement
- Danielson, C. (12 September 2008). "eMercedesBenz Feature: The World's First Production Car, The Benz Patent Motor Car Velocipede Of 1894". eMercedesBenz.
- Stoy, Andy (15 October 2012). "Worth the Wait". Autoweek. 62 (21): 40–41. ISSN 0192-9674.
But the XK120 was a post-war performance revelation, proving itself as the fastest production car in the world at the time.
- Hodges, David; Burgess-Wise, David; Davenport, John; Harding, Anthony (1994). The Guinness Book of Car Facts and Feats (4 ed.). London: Guinness Publishing. p. 52. ISBN 0-85112-768-1.
- "Mercedes 300SL Test". Road & Track. April. 1955.
- "Autocar road tests 1842 Aston Martin DB4". Autocar. 13 October. 1961.
- "John Bolster Tests the Aston Martin DB4 G.T.". Autosport. December: 778. 1961.
- "Autocar Road Test Number 2077". Autocar. 29 April. 1966.
- Oleski, Frank; Lehbrink, Hartmut. 100 Jahre Sportwagen.
- http://media.caranddriver.com/files/shelby-cobra-427shelby-cobra-427-roadster-road-test-nov-65.pdf Car and Driver magazine August 1965
- "Sackey,Joe. The Lamborghini Miura Bible" (PDF).
- Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona review – on the road at the Wayback Machine (archived 6 May 2007)
- Auto, Motor und Sport 9/1978
- Auto, Motor und Sport 15/1983
- Auto, Motor und Sport 7/1985
- Road and Track July 1987 Egan, Peter (2016-05-29). "In 1987, The World's Fastest Cars Couldn't Catch A 211-mph Twin-Turbo Ruf". Road & Track. US.
- Auto, Motor und Sport 25/1988
- Bernd Woytal (18 October 2015). "Ferrari F40 gegen Porsche 959: Nonplusultra-Supersportler der 80er – Auto Motor und Sport". auto motor und sport.
- Top Gear 9/21/2011 Hammond, Richard (2017-01-02). "Richard Hammond on Ferrari F40 vs Porsche 959". Top Gear. UK.
- 1987 Ruf CTR "Yellowbird" 911 Turbo Driven, Car and Driver, November 2012, Jethro Bovington
- Auto, Motor und Sport 12/1994
- "McLaren F1 Owners Club Tour 2014 – Photo Gallery". Sports Car Digest. 21 July 2014.
- "McLaren F1". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "McLaren F1". Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Bugatti Veyron". Retrieved 25 February 2011.
- "Fastest Production Car". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Veyron Super Sport hits 267 mph". topgear.com. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- Wood, Jonathan (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Cars. Parragon Publishing. ISBN 1-4054-5467-9.
- Brown, Langworth; Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (1998). Great Cars of The 20th Century. Publications International. ISBN 0-7853-2523-9.
Notes for editors
Cars excluded from the list together with basic reason
|Make and model||Year||Claimed top speed||Number built||Reason|
|Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Super Sport||1946–1951||106 mph
|Unknown||No road test|
|Allard J1 and K1||1946–1948||92 mph
(148 km/h) to 93 mph
(150 km/h) with one source claiming over 100 mph
|151 K1's||No road test|
|Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato||1960||153.5 mph
|19||excluded because of number built|
|Barabus TKR||2006||270.0 mph
|unknown||crashed on record attempt – no record set|
|Bugatti Veyron 16.4 World Record Edition||2010||267.557 mph
|5||excluded because of number built – see discussion on this articles talk page. Out of the initial production run of 30 there were 5, named the Super Sport World Record Edition, which had the electronic limiter turned off, and were capable of 267.857 mph (431.074 km/h), although Guinness World Records later re-verified the official land speed record.|
|Dauer 962 Le Mans||1994||251.4 mph
|About 13||not enough built|
|Delahaye 135||1946–1954||100 mph
|unknown||no road test, numbers unknown, coachbuilt|
|Ferrari 340, 342, and 375 America, and 400 and 410 Superamerica||1950–1959||159.69 mph
|varies depending on model – almost all custom made||less than 20 made for any model and many were racing cars|
|Ferrari 250 GTO||1962–1964||158 mph
|>20||no independent road test and each car tends to be customised|
|Ferrari 500 Superfast||1964–1966||171 mph
|23 Mk 1's, 12 Mk 2's, 1 custom made||excluded because of no independent road test|
|Hennessey Venom GT||2010||265.7 mph
(428 km/h)(2013) 270.49 mph
|16||excluded because of number built and single direction top speed test run|
|Hennessey Venom F5||2016||290 mph
(467 km/h) proposed
|30 to be built||unconfirmed numbers and no road test|
|Koenigsegg Agera (models R and One:1)||2011–2014||273 mph
(439 km/h) to 280 mph
(451 km/h) depending on model
|less than 20 for any model||excluded because of numbers built and/or unverified top speed|
|Koenigsegg CCR||2004||242 mph
|17||excluded because of numbers built|
|Lamborghini Countach 5000QV||1985||185 mph
|speed record already higher|
|Lamborghini Muira P400S||1969||172 mph
|338||this model was introduced after the Ferrari Daytona|
|Maserati 5000 GT||1959–1965||172.4 mph
(277 km/h) claimed – more an estimate than a true measure
|34 but with different bodies||no independent test|
|Monteverdi Hai 450||1970||180 mph
(290 km/h) claimed
|only 2 proto-types built, the SS and GTS||no production version|
|Pegaso Z-102 BS 2.8 Supercharged||1953||151 mph
|<20||less than 20 built|
|Shelby SuperCars SSC (all models including TT, Ultimate Aero, and Tuatara's)||2004–2014||236 mph
(380 km/h)to 276 mph
(444 km/h) depending on model
|less than 20 for each model||excluded because of numbers built|
|Studebaker Avanti R2||1962–1963||158 mph
|unknown for version tested||data on speed tests and configuration of the car tested unknown at this stage|
|Studebaker Avanti R3||1962–1963||171.1 mph
|Talbot Lago T26 Record and Grand Sport||1946–1954||105 mph
(169 km/h) (Record) and 124 mph
(200 km/h) (Grand Sport)
|less than 20 for either model||excluded because of numbers built and lack of independent road test|
|Vector W8||1990–1993||242 mph
(389 km/h) for prototype
|17 production models||excluded because of number built and no verified top speed for production model|
Many of these cars have been debated on this articles talk pages. Should more detailed reasoning be required refer to the relevant discussion or raise the issue on the talk page.
- "Know Your Ferraris: 1958–1964". Drive Cult.
- "1964 Studebaker Avanti R2 (Paxton Supercharger) – Conceptcarz". conceptcarz.com.