List of fault zones

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This list covers all faults and fault-systems that are either geologically important or connected to prominent seismic activity. It is not intended to list every notable fault, but only major fault zones.

Fault Name Length [km] Location Sense of Movement Time of movement Associated Earthquakes
Aedipsos-Kandili Fault 60 North Euboean Gulf, Greece Normal Active
Alaska-Aleutian Megathrust 3600 Kamchatka, Russia to Gulf of Alaska Subduction zone Active 1964 Prince William Sound (M9.2), 1965 Rat Islands (M8.7), 1957 Andreanof Islands (M8.6)
Alpine Fault 1400 South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 2009 Fiordland (M7.8)
Altyn Tagh Fault 1200 Tibetan Plateau/Tarim Basin Sinistral strike-slip Active
Amfilochia Fault 60 Western Greece Sinistral strike-slip Active
Amorgos Fault >100 Greece, South Aegean Sea Normal Active 1956 Amorgos (M7.4)[1]
Arkitsa – Agios Konstantinos Fault zone 25 Central Greece Normal
Aspy Fault 40 Nova Scotia Strike-slip
Atacama Fault 800 Atacama desert, Chile Strike-slip Active
Atalanti Fault 50 Central Greece Normal Fault Active 1894 Atalanti (M6.4,M6.9)
Atotsugawa Fault Japan Dextral strike-slip Active 1858 Hietsu earthquake (M~7)
Awatere Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 1848 Marlborough (M7.5)
Azores–Gibraltar Transform Fault 2250 Azores to Strait of Gibraltar Dextral strike-slip Active 1755 Lisbon earthquake (est. M7.5–8.0) , 1969 Cape St. Vincent (M7.9), 1941 Gloria Fault (M8.0)
Baikal Rift Zone Lake Baikal Rift zone Active
Ballenas Fault Gulf of California, United States Transform Active
Brothers Fault Zone Oregon, United States
Cascadia megathrust 1000 West coast of United States – Oregon & Washington Vancouver Island Canada Subduction zone Active 1700 Cascadia (M9.0)
Central African Shear Zone 4000 Central Africa Rift zone
Cerro Prieto Fault Gulf of California, United States Transform Active
Chixoy-Polochic Fault Guatemala Transform Active 1816 Guatemala (M7.5)[2]
Christchurch Fault South Island, New Zealand Active
Chile subduction megathrust 3000 West coast of Chile Subduction zone Active 1960 Valdivia (M9.5); 1906 Valparaiso (M8.2); 2010 Maule (M8.8); 2014 Iquique (M8.2)
Clarence Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active
Clarendon-Linden fault system New York, United States
Clayton-Marsh Creek-Greenville Fault California, United States
Cochabamba Fault Zone Bolivia Sinistral strike-slip
Corinth Rift 110 Greece Normal Fault Active 1995 Aegion (M6.2); 1981 Alkyonides; 1861 Helike; 373 BC Helike
Craven Fault System Pennines Normal Fault Carboniferous
Dead Sea Transform Sinai Peninsula Sinistral transform Active 1138 Aleppo earthquake
Delfi Fault Zone 25 Central Greece Normal to strike-slip
Denali Fault British Columbia, Canada to Alaska, United States Dextral strike-slip Active 2002 Denali (M7.9)
East Anatolian Fault Turkey Strike-slip Active 2003 Bingöl (M6.4), 2010 Elâzığ (M6.1)
Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone Alabama to Virginia, United States Active 2003 Alabama (M4.6)
Elsinore Fault Zone 180 California, United States Dextral strike-slip Active
Eltanin Fault System Southern Ocean Dextral transform Active 1600 km offset
Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault zone Hispaniola Sinistral strike-slip Active 2010 Haiti (M7.0)
Glarus thrust Switzerland Thrust fault Cenozoic
Great Glen Fault Scotland Strike-slip Silurian to Cenozoic
Great Lakes Tectonic Zone (GLTZ) 1,400 Great Lakes, United States Tectonic zone Neoarchean
Great Sumatran Fault Sumatra, Indonesia Strike-slip Active 1943 Alahan Panjang (M7.2), 1994 Liwa (M7.0)
Greendale Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 2010 Canterbury (M7.1)
Guaymas Fault 325 California, United States Dextral strike-slip Active
Gulf of California Rift Zone 1300 Mexico Rift zone Active 2010 Mexicali (M7.2)
Hayward Fault Zone 119 San Francisco Bay, California, United States Strike-slip Active 1868 Hayward (M6.3–6.7)
Hellenic Arc 1000 East Mediterranean Sea Thrust/Strike-slip 365 AD (M8.5+); 1303 AD (~8)
Honey Lake Fault Zone Nevada and California, United States Dextral strike-slip Active
Hope Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 1888 North Canterbury (M7.3)
Humboldt Fault Zone Nebraska to Kansas, United States Normal fault Active 1867 Manhattan, Kansas (M5.1)
Imperial Fault Zone California, United States Dextral strike-slip Active 1940 El Centro (M6.9), 1979 Imperial Valley (M6.4)
Ierapetra Fault 40 Crete Normal Fault
Independence Valley fault system Nevada, United States Normal fault Active 2008 Wells earthquake (M6.0)
Kameni-Kolumbo Fault zone >60 Greece, South Aegean Sea Dextral (?) Strike-slip
Kandi Fault Zone West Africa
Karsdorf Fault Germany
Kego Fault Japan Active 2005 Fukuoka (M7.0)
Kefalonia Transform Fault 180 Greece, Ionian Sea Dextral strike Slip Active 1953 Kephalonia (M7.2)
Kermadec-Tonga Subduction Zone New Zealand Subduction zone Active
Kern Canyon Fault Sierra Nevada, California, United States Thrust fault
Kunlun fault 1500 Tibet Sinistral strike-slip Active 2001 Kunlun (M7.8)
Laguna Salada Fault 64–80 United States and Mexico Strike-slip Active 2010 Mexicali M7.2)
Laptev Sea Rift Arctic Ocean Rift zone
Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault 1000 Andes, Chile Strike-slip
Long Point–Eureka Heights Fault System Texas, United States Normal fault
Longmen Shan Fault Sichuan, China Thrust fault Active 2008 Sichuan (M8.0)
Lusatian Fault Germany Thrust fault
Macquarie Fault Zone South Pacific Ocean Strike-slip Active 2008 Macquarie Island earthquake (M7.1)
Magallanes–Fagnano Fault South America Transform
Main Uralian Fault (MUF) 2000+ Urals Subduction zone
Marianna Fault Arkansas, United States
Marikina Valley Fault System Philippines Dextral strike-slip active
Marlborough Fault System South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 1843 Wanganui (M~7.5)
Mendocino Fracture Zone California, United States Transform Active
Moab Fault Utah, United States Normal fault Active
Mocha Fracture Zone Mocha Island, Chile Transform Active
Motagua Fault Guatemala Transform Active 1717, 1773, 1902, 1976, 1980, 2009
Mygdonia Graben North Greece Normal to strike-slip Active 1978 Thessaloniki (M6.4)
Neodani Fault Japan Active 1891 Mino-Owari (M8.0)
New Madrid Fault Zone Missouri, United States Normal fault Active 1811–1812 three (M7-8)
Nootka Fault British Columbia, Canada Transform Active
North Aegean Trough >250 North Aegean Sea, Greece, Turkey Dextral strike-slip Active 1912 (M7.6); 1982 (M6.7); 2014 (M6.9)
North Anatolian Fault Turkey Dextral strike-slip Active 1939 Erzincan (M7.8), 1912 Ganos (M7.4), 1999 Izmit (M7.4), 1999 Düzce (M7.2)
North Ikaria Fault >80 Central Aegean Sea, Greece Dextral strike slip
Periadriatic Seam 1000 Alps, Europe Dextral strike-slip
Pichilemu Fault 40 Chile Active 2010 Pichilemu (Libertador O'Higgins) (M6.9)
Pliny Trench 300 Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Hellenic Trench Sinistral strike-slip
Port Hills Fault South Island, New Zealand Active 2011 Christchurch (M6.3)
Pyramid Lake Fault Zone Nevada, United States Dextral strike-slip
Ramapo Fault 300 New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, United States Normal fault Triassic to Early Jurassic
Raymond Fault California, United States
Red Sea Rift Red Sea Rift zone
Reigolil-Pirihueico Fault Andes
Rhine Rift Valley Germany and France Rift zone Active 1356 Basel (M6 to 7)
Rio Grande Rift Rio Grande Valley, United States and Mexico Rift zone
Salzach-Ennstal-Mariazell-Puchberg Fault System (SEMP) 400[3] Austria Sinistral strike-slip
San Andreas Fault System (Banning fault, Mission Creek fault, South Pass fault, San Jacinto fault, Elsinore fault) 1300 California, United States Dextral strike-slip Active 1906 San Francisco (M7.7 to 8.25), 1989 Loma Prieta (M6.9)
San Ramón Fault Chile Thrust fault
Sawtooth Fault Idaho, United States Normal fault
Seattle Fault Washington, United States Thrust fault Active
Septentrional-Orient fault zone Caribbean Sinistral strike-slip Active 1842 Cap-Haïtien (M8.1)
Sierra Nevada Fault California, United States Normal fault Active 1872 Lone Pine (M7.6–8+)
Skyros-Edremit Fault zone >150 Aegean Sea, Greece, Turkey Dextral Strike-slip Active 1967, 1981
Sobral Fault Brazil Strike-slip
Sorong fault Oceania Sinistral strike-slip Active 2009 Kepulauan Talaud (M7.2)
Sparta Fault 65 Peloponnese, Greece Normal fault Active 464 BC Sparta (M7.2)
Spili Fault 20 Crete, Greece Normal fault Active
Strabo Trench 300 Eastern Mediterranean Sea, Hellenic Trench Sinistral strike-slip Active
Sunda subduction megathrust 5000 South East Asia Subduction zone Active 2004 Banda Aceh (M9.1), 2005 Nias (M8.6), 2007 Bengkulu (M8.4)
Tacoma Fault 56 Washington, United States Thrust fault Active
Tatsuda Fault Japan Active 1889 Kumamoto (M6.3)
Tintina Fault British Columbia, Canadato Alaska, United States Strike-slip Late Cretaceous to Oligocene
Ulakhan Fault Siberia to Aleutian Trench Sinistral strike-slip Active
Virginia Seismic Zone Virginia, United States Active 2011 Virginia (M5.8)
Wabash Valley Seismic Zone Illinois, Indiana, United States Normal fault Active 2008 Illinois (M5.4)
Wasatch Fault Utah, United States Normal fault Active
Wellington Fault North Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active
Wairarapa Fault North Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active 1855 Wairarapa (M8.2)
Wairau Fault South Island, New Zealand Dextral strike-slip Active
Wilzetta Fault 89 Oklahoma, United States Strike-slip Active 2011 Oklahoma (M5.6)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Okal, EA (2009). "The 1956 earthquake and tsunami in Amorgos, Greece". Geophysical Journal International. Oxford University Press. 178 (3): 1533–1554. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04237.x. 
  2. ^ White, RA (1985). "The Guatemala earthquake of 1816 on the Chixoy-Polochic fault". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Seismological Society of America. 75 (2): 455–73. 
  3. ^ Frost, Erik; Dolan, James; Sammis, Charles; Hacker, Brad; Cole, Joshua; Ratschbacher, Lothar (15 April 2009). "Progressive strain localization in a major strike‐slip fault exhumed from midseismogenic depths: Structural observations from the Salzach‐Ennstal‐Mariazell‐Puchberg fault system, Austria". Journal of Geophysical Research. Wiley. 114 (B4): 1–14. Bibcode:2009JGRB..11404406F. doi:10.1029/2008JB005763.