List of federal judges appointed by Abraham Lincoln
Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President Abraham Lincoln during his presidency. In total Lincoln appointed 32 federal judges, including four Associate Justices and one Chief Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, and 27 judges to the United States district courts. Lincoln appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office.
United States Supreme Court Justices
|Chase, Salmon PortlandSalmon Portland Chase||Chief Justice||Ohio||December 6, 1864||May 7, 1873|
|Davis, DavidDavid Davis||Seat 8||Illinois||October 17, 1862||March 4, 1877|
|Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field||Seat 9||California||March 10, 1863||December 1, 1897|
|Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller||Seat 3||Iowa||July 16, 1862||October 13, 1890|
|Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne||Seat 6||Ohio||January 24, 1862||January 24, 1881|
|Baldwin, Alexander WhiteAlexander White Baldwin||D. Nev.||March 11, 1865||November 14, 1869|
|Ballard, BlandBland Ballard||D. Ky.||October 16, 1861||July 29, 1879|
|Benedict, Charles LinnaeusCharles Linnaeus Benedict||E.D.N.Y.||March 9, 1865||January 1, 1897|
|Boynton, Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson Boynton||S.D. Fla.||October 19, 1863||January 1, 1870|
|Bullock, Jonathan RussellJonathan Russell Bullock||D.R.I.||February 11, 1865||September 15, 1869|
|Busteed, RichardRichard Busteed||N.D. Ala.
|November 17, 1863||October 20, 1874|
|Caldwell, Henry ClayHenry Clay Caldwell||E.D. Ark.
|June 20, 1864||March 13, 1890
March 13, 1890
|Cartter, David KelloggDavid Kellogg Cartter||D.D.C.||March 11, 1863||April 16, 1887|
|Delahay, Mark W.Mark W. Delahay||D. Kan.||October 6, 1863||December 12, 1873|
|Durell, Edward HenryEdward Henry Durell||E.D. La.||May 20, 1863||December 4, 1874|
|Field, Richard StocktonRichard Stockton Field||D.N.J.||January 14, 1863||April 25, 1870|
|Fisher, George P.George P. Fisher||D.D.C.||March 11, 1863||May 1, 1870|
|Fraser, PhilipPhilip Fraser||N.D. Fla.||July 17, 1862||July 26, 1876|
|Haight, Fletcher MathewsFletcher Mathews Haight||S.D. Cal.||August 5, 1861||February 23, 1866|
|Jackson, Jr., John JayJohn Jay Jackson, Jr.||W.D. Va.||August 3, 1861||March 15, 1905|
|Krekel, ArnoldArnold Krekel||W.D. Mo.||March 9, 1865||June 9, 1888|
|Lane, George WashingtonGeorge Washington Lane||N.D. Ala.
|March 28, 1861||November 12, 1863|
|Lowell, JohnJohn Lowell||D. Mass.||March 11, 1865||January 9, 1879|
|McDonald, DavidDavid McDonald||D. Ind.||December 13, 1864||August 25, 1869|
|Olin, Abram B.Abram B. Olin||D.D.C.||March 11, 1863||January 13, 1879|
|Smith, Caleb BloodCaleb Blood Smith||D. Ind.||December 22, 1862||January 7, 1864|
|Trigg, Connally FindlayConnally Findlay Trigg||E.D. Tenn.
|July 17, 1862||April 25, 1880
April 25, 1880
June 14, 1878
|Underwood, John CurtissJohn Curtiss Underwood||E.D. Va.||March 27, 1863||December 7, 1873|
|White, Albert SmithAlbert Smith White||D. Ind.||January 18, 1864||September 4, 1864|
|Williams, ArchibaldArchibald Williams||D. Kan.||March 12, 1861||September 21, 1863|
|Withey, Solomon LewisSolomon Lewis Withey||W.D. Mich.||March 11, 1863||April 25, 1886|
|Wylie, AndrewAndrew Wylie||D.D.C.||March 18, 1863||May 1, 1885|
United States Court of Claims
|Casey, JosephJoseph Casey||1861||1870|
|Peck, EbenezerEbenezer Peck||1863||1878|
|Wilmot, DavidDavid Wilmot||1863||1868|
|Nott, Sr., Charles CooperCharles Cooper Nott, Sr.||1865||1905|
- All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1862, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1862, and received commission on December 8, 1862.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 9, 1861, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1862, and received commission on January 22, 1862.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.
- Caldwell was appointed to both the Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas; after March 3, 1871, his service in the Western District was discontinued, though he served in the Eastern District until 1890, when he was elevated to the United States Circuit Court for the Eighth Circuit.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1863, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 15, 1864, and received commission on March 15, 1864.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 8, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1864, and received commission on February 17, 1864.
- On July 27, 1866, the two Districts of Louisiana then existing were reunited into a single United States District Court for the District of Louisiana by 14 Stat. 300, and Durell was reassigned to this court by operation of law.
- Early in the course of the American Civil War, the western portion of Virginia rejected Virginia's secession from the United States, and itself seceded from Virginia. This area largely coincided with the existing Western District of Virginia. The portion of Virginia remaining loyal to the Union became the state of West Virginia, which was admitted as a state on June 20, 1863. On June 11, 1864, by 13 Stat. 124, the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia became the United States District Court for the District of West Virginia, and those parts of the Western District that were not part of West Virginia were combined with what had previously been the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia to again form a single United States District Court for the District of Virginia. John Jay Jackson, who had been appointed to the Western District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of West Virginia. At the same time, John Curtiss Underwood, who had been appointed to the Eastern District of Virginia, was reassigned by operation of law to the newly formed District of Virginia. On February 3, 1871, the District of Virginia was again subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts, and Underwood was reassigned to the Eastern District, until his death. On July 1, 1901, the District of West Virginia was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia and the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia; Jackson was reassigned to the Northern District, until his retirement.
- Trigg was appointed to the Eastern, Middle, and Western Districts of Tennessee; after June 14, 1878, his service in the Western District was discontinued, though he served in the Eastern and Middle Districts until his death.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 1864, and received commission on January 25, 1864.