List of federal judges appointed by Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Andrew Jackson during his term of office.[1] In total Jackson appointed 23 Article III federal judges: 5 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States and 18 judges to the United States district courts.

John Catron was nominated to the United States Supreme Court by President Jackson on the final day of his presidency, March 3, 1837. The United States Senate confirmed the nomination on March 8, 1837 and President Martin Van Buren issued his commission, and thus appointed him, the same day. Jackson nominated William Smith to the United States Supreme Court on his final day in office. The Senate confirmed Smith on March 8, 1837, but he declined the appointment.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 John McLean 6 Ohio Robert Trimble March 6, 1829 March 7, 1829 March 7, 1829 April 4, 1861
2 Henry Baldwin 3 Pennsylvania Bushrod Washington January 4, 1830 January 6, 1830 January 6, 1830 April 21, 1844
3 James Moore Wayne 5 Georgia William Johnson January 6, 1835 January 9, 1835 January 9, 1835 July 5, 1867
4 Philip Pendleton Barbour 4 Virginia Gabriel Duvall December 28, 1835 March 15, 1836 March 15, 1836 February 25, 1841
5 Roger B. Taney Chief Maryland John Marshall December 28, 1835 March 15, 1836 March 15, 1836 October 12, 1864

District Courts[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 John Wilson Campbell D. Ohio March 6, 1829 March 7, 1829 March 7, 1829 September 24, 1833
2 Samuel Hadden Harper E.D. La.
W.D. La.
March 6, 1829 March 7, 1829 March 7, 1829 July 19, 1837
3 Philip Pendleton Barbour E.D. Va. December 14, 1830 December 16, 1830 October 8, 1830[2] March 17, 1836[3]
4 Matthew Harvey D.N.H. December 14, 1830 December 16, 1830 November 2, 1830[2] April 7, 1866
5 Thomas Irwin W.D. Pa. December 7, 1831 March 21, 1832 April 14, 1831[4] January 4, 1859
6 Powhatan Ellis D. Miss. July 13, 1832 July 14, 1832 July 14, 1832 January 5, 1836
7 Benjamin Tappan D. Ohio January 20, 1834 October 12, 1833[5] June 30, 1834
8 Morgan Welles Brown E.D. Tenn.
W.D. Tenn.
December 18, 1833 December 31, 1833 January 3, 1834[6] March 7, 1853
9 Thomas Bell Monroe D. Ky. February 20, 1834 March 6, 1834 March 8, 1834 September 18, 1861
10 Humphrey H. Leavitt D. Ohio June 28, 1834 June 28, 1834 June 30, 1834 February 10, 1855[7]
11 Jesse Lynch Holman D. Ind. March 21, 1836 March 29, 1836 September 16, 1835[8] March 14, 1842
12 George Adams D. Miss. January 12, 1836 January 20, 1836 January 20, 1836 June 18, 1838[9]
13 Upton Scott Heath D. Md. April 1, 1836 April 4, 1836 April 4, 1836 February 21, 1852
14 Peter Vivian Daniel E.D. Va. April 6, 1836 April 19, 1836 April 19, 1836 March 3, 1841[10]
15 Robert William Wells D. Mo. June 16, 1836 June 27, 1836 June 27, 1836 March 3, 1857[11]
16 Benjamin Johnson D. Ark. June 27, 1836 June 29, 1836 June 29, 1836 October 2, 1849
17 Andrew T. Judson D. Conn. June 28, 1836 July 4, 1836 July 4, 1836 March 17, 1853
18 Ross Wilkins D. Mich. July 2, 1836 July 2, 1836 January 26, 1837 February 24, 1863[12]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
  • "Judges of the United States Courts". Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1830, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 16, 1830, and received commission on December 16, 1830.
  3. ^ Elevated
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 7, 1831, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 21, 1832, and received commission on March 21, 1832.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  6. ^ Further assigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee on June 18, 1839, concurrent to his service in the Eastern and Western Districts.
  7. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio on February 10, 1855.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on March 21, 1836, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 1836, and received commission on March 29, 1836.
  9. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi on June 18, 1838.
  10. ^ Elevated
  11. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri on March 3, 1857.
  12. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan on February 24, 1863.

Sources[edit]