List of federal judges appointed by Calvin Coolidge

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President Calvin Coolidge.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Calvin Coolidge during his presidency.[1] In total, Coolidge appointed 82 Article III federal judges, surpassing the previous record of 75 appointed by Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. These included one Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, 17 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 64 judges to the United States district courts.

Coolidge appointed judges to various Article I specialty courts as well, including Genevieve R. Cline, who became the first woman named to the Federal judiciary when Coolidge placed her on the United States Customs Court in 1928.[2] Among Coolidge's Article I Federal judicial appointments are 2 judges to the United States Court of Customs Appeals (later the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals), 4 judges to the United States Court of Claims, 1 member of the Board of General Appraisers (later the United States Customs Court) and 2 judges to the United States Customs Court.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
Ended
retired service
1 Harlan F. Stone 9 New York Joseph McKenna January 5, 1925 February 5, 1925 February 5, 1925 July 3, 1941[3]

Courts of Appeals[edit]

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 George Ewing Martin D.C. May 16, 1924 May 22, 1924 May 22, 1924 September 30, 1937 April 14, 1948
2 Learned Hand Second December 2, 1924 December 20, 1924 December 20, 1924 June 1, 1951 August 18, 1961
3 Albert Barnes Anderson Seventh January 2, 1925 January 6, 1925 January 6, 1925 October 30, 1929 April 27, 1938
4 Rufus Edward Foster Fifth January 3, 1925 January 13, 1925 January 13, 1925 August 23, 1942
5 Charles Harwood Moorman Sixth January 2, 1925 January 13, 1925 January 13, 1925 January 26, 1938
6 Wilbur F. Booth Eighth March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 January 1, 1932 July 7, 1944
7 Arba Seymour Van Valkenburgh Eighth March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 May 1, 1933 November 4, 1944
8 Wallace McCamant Ninth December 8, 1925 May 25, 1925[4] May 2, 1926
9 John J. Parker Fourth December 8, 1925 December 14, 1925 October 3, 1925[5] March 17, 1958
10 Thomas Walter Swan Second December 15, 1926 December 22, 1926 December 22, 1926 July 1, 1953 July 13, 1975
11 Frank Sigel Dietrich Ninth December 22, 1926 January 3, 1927 January 3, 1927 October 2, 1930
12 Elliott Northcott Fourth April 6, 1927 December 15, 1927 December 15, 1927[6] October 15, 1939 January 3, 1946
13 Augustus Noble Hand Second December 6, 1927 January 18, 1928 May 19, 1927[7] June 30, 1953 October 28, 1954
14 John Hazelton Cotteral Eighth / Tenth May 19, 1928 May 23, 1928 May 23, 1928 April 22, 1933[8]
15 Xenophon Hicks Sixth May 19, 1928 May 23, 1928 May 23, 1928 March 1, 1952 November 2, 1952
16 Smith Hickenlooper Sixth December 6, 1928 December 17, 1928 December 17, 1928 December 22, 1933
17 Harrie B. Chase Second January 19, 1929 January 31, 1929 January 31, 1929 September 1, 1954 November 17, 1969

District Courts[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Robert Alexander Inch[Joint 1] E.D.N.Y. December 15, 1923 January 8, 1924 April 28, 1923[9] January 6, 1958 January 12, 1961
2 J. Stanley Webster[Joint 1] E.D. Wash. December 15, 1923 January 16, 1924 April 28, 1923[10] August 31, 1939 December 24, 1962
3 William Alexander Cant[Joint 1] D. Minn. December 15, 1923 January 15, 1924 May 21, 1923[11] January 12, 1933
4 Ernest Ford Cochran E.D.S.C. December 15, 1923 January 17, 1924 November 22, 1923[12] March 4, 1934
5 Charles Harwood Moorman W.D. Ky. January 3, 1924 January 8, 1924 January 8, 1924 February 2, 1925
6 Frank Henry Kerrigan N.D. Cal. January 21, 1924 January 28, 1924 January 28, 1924 February 9, 1935
7 Charles B. Davis E.D. Mo. January 21, 1924 January 31, 1924 January 31, 1924 March 3, 1943
8 Charles Nelson Pray D. Mont. January 21, 1924 February 8, 1924 February 8, 1924 April 10, 1957 September 12, 1963
9 Paul John McCormick S.D. Cal. February 7, 1924 February 11, 1924 February 11, 1924 September 1, 1951 December 2, 1960
10 Lake Jones S.D. Fla. February 1, 1924 February 18, 1924 February 18, 1924 June 7, 1930
11 Franklin Elmore Kennamer E.D. Okla. January 28, 1924 February 19, 1924 February 19, 1924 February 16, 1925[13]
12 Benjamin C. Dawkins Sr. W.D. La. April 25, 1924 May 5, 1924 May 5, 1924 May 17, 1953 August 22, 1966
13 Charles Albert Boynton W.D. Tex. December 16, 1924 December 17, 1924 December 17, 1924 May 1, 1947 October 12, 1954
14 Robert C. Baltzell D. Ind. January 2, 1925 January 13, 1925 January 13, 1925 April 21, 1928[14]
15 Charles I. Dawson W.D. Ky. January 2, 1925 January 13, 1925 January 13, 1925 June 30, 1935
16 Isaac Melson Meekins E.D.N.C. January 9, 1925 January 17, 1925 January 17, 1925 February 13, 1945 November 21, 1946
17 Charlton Reid Beattie E.D. La. January 13, 1925 January 19, 1925 January 21, 1925 August 23, 1925
18 Thomas D. Thacher S.D.N.Y. January 9, 1925 January 19, 1925 January 21, 1925 April 10, 1930
19 Benson W. Hough S.D. Ohio January 31, 1925 February 9, 1925 February 9, 1925 November 19, 1935
20 Thomas Whitten Slick D. Ind. February 6, 1925 February 17, 1925 February 17, 1925 April 21, 1928[15]
21 Adolphus Frederic St. Sure N.D. Cal. February 16, 1925 February 23, 1925 February 23, 1925 June 30, 1947 February 5, 1949
22 Joseph W. Molyneaux D. Minn. March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 February 28, 1937 January 24, 1940
23 John B. Sanborn Jr. D. Minn. March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 March 18, 1925 February 2, 1932
24 Merrill E. Otis W.D. Mo. December 8, 1925 December 14, 1925 March 23, 1925[5] December 23, 1944
25 Edward J. Henning S.D. Cal. December 8, 1925 December 15, 1925 April 24, 1925[16] December 31, 1929
26 Fred Morton Raymond W.D. Mich. December 8, 1925 December 18, 1925 May 8, 1925[17] February 6, 1946
27 William Clark D.N.J. December 8, 1925 December 17, 1925 May 21, 1925[18] June 25, 1938
28 Albert Williams Johnson M.D. Pa. December 8, 1925 December 17, 1925 May 21, 1925[18] June 28, 1945
29 Harry Bennett Anderson W.D. Tenn. December 8, 1925 January 29, 1925 September 12, 1925[19] April 9, 1935
30 Louis Henry Burns E.D. La. December 8, 1925 December 21, 1925 October 3, 1925[20] June 9, 1928
31 Grover M. Moscowitz E.D.N.Y. December 16, 1925 December 21, 1925 December 21, 1925 March 31, 1947
32 William Josiah Tilson M.D. Ga. December 7, 1926 July 6, 1926[4] March 4, 1927
32.1 William Josiah Tilson M.D. Ga. March 5, 1927[21] March 19, 1928
33 Charles Cheatham Cavanah D. Idaho December 22, 1926 January 3, 1927 January 3, 1927 January 3, 1942 June 30, 1953
34 John Hugh McNary D. Ore. February 26, 1927 February 28, 1927 February 28, 1927 October 25, 1936
35 Fred Louis Wham E.D. Ill. February 26, 1927 March 1, 1927 March 1, 1927 March 3, 1956 February 2, 1967
36 William Huntington Kirkpatrick E.D. Pa. March 3, 1927 March 3, 1927 March 3, 1927 May 1, 1958 November 28, 1970
37 William Caldwell Coleman D. Md. December 6, 1927 December 19, 1927 April 6, 1927[22] June 1, 1955
38 Johnson Jay Hayes M.D.N.C. December 6, 1927 January 9, 1928 April 6, 1927[23] June 18, 1957 October 22, 1970
39 Frederick Howard Bryant N.D.N.Y. December 6, 1927 December 19, 1927 May 19, 1927[22] September 4, 1945
40 Frank Joseph Coleman S.D.N.Y. December 6, 1927 December 19, 1927 May 19, 1927[22] March 14, 1934
41 Simon L. Adler W.D.N.Y December 6, 1927 January 16, 1928 May 19, 1927[24] May 23, 1934
42 Ira Lloyd Letts D.R.I. December 6, 1927 January 4, 1928 June 9, 1927[25] June 24, 1935
43 Edward Julien Moinet E.D. Mich. December 6, 1927 December 19, 1927 June 13, 1927[22] February 28, 1946 December 23, 1952
44 George Thomas McDermott D. Kan. January 12, 1928 January 16, 1928 January 16, 1928 April 30, 1929
45 Charles Almon Dewey S.D. Iowa January 23, 1928 January 31, 1928 January 31, 1928 March 1, 1949 March 2, 1958
46 Warren Booth Burrows D. Conn. February 3, 1928 February 16, 1928 February 16, 1928 October 20, 1930
47 John Ellis Martineau E.D. Ark. March 2, 1928 March 2, 1928 March 2, 1928 March 6, 1937
48 Bascom Sine Deaver M.D. Ga. March 5, 1928 March 19, 1928 March 19, 1928 October 13, 1944
49 Peyton Gordon D.D.C. February 27, 1928 March 29, 1928 March 29, 1928 February 4, 1941 September 17, 1946
50 Harold Louderback N.D. Cal. March 21, 1928 April 17, 1928 April 17, 1928 December 11, 1941
51 Frank Herbert Norcross D. Nev. April 2, 1928 April 17, 1928 April 17, 1928 April 30, 1945 November 4, 1952
52 George Caldwell Taylor E.D. Tenn. May 24, 1928 May 26, 1928 May 26, 1928 November 2, 1949 December 19, 1952
53 Edgar Sullins Vaught W.D. Okla. December 6, 1928 January 8, 1929 May 31, 1928[26] April 22, 1956 December 5, 1959
54 Nelson McVicar W.D. Pa. December 6, 1928 December 17, 1928 September 14, 1928[27] February 1, 1951 December 20, 1960
55 Wayne G. Borah E.D. La. December 6, 1928 December 17, 1928 October 3, 1928[27] October 23, 1949
56 James William McCarthy D.N.J. December 6, 1928 January 8, 1929 October 6, 1928[26] January 31, 1929
57 George Philip Hahn N.D. Ohio December 6, 1928 December 17, 1928 December 17, 1928 February 12, 1937
58 Samuel H. West N.D. Ohio December 10, 1928 December 17, 1928 December 17, 1928 October 5, 1938
59 Robert Reasoner Nevin S.D. Ohio January 5, 1929 January 21, 1929 January 21, 1929 December 31, 1952
60 Guy Leverne Fake D.N.J. February 4, 1929 February 12, 1929 February 12, 1929 February 21, 1951 September 23, 1957
61 Alexander Akerman S.D. Fla. January 19, 1929 February 15, 1929 February 15, 1929 October 8, 1939 August 21, 1948
62 Halsted L. Ritter S.D. Fla. January 23, 1929 February 15, 1929 February 15, 1929 April 17, 1936
63 Elijah Allen Cox N.D. Miss. March 1, 1929 March 2, 1929 March 2, 1929 March 22, 1957 August 28, 1974
64 Charles Edgar Woodward N.D. Ill. March 1, 1929 March 2, 1929 March 2, 1929 May 15, 1942
  1. ^ a b c Joint appointment; received recess appointment from Warren G. Harding and commission from Calvin Coolidge.

Specialty courts (Article I)[edit]

United States Court of Customs Appeals[edit]

The United States Court of Custons Appeals became the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals on March 2, 1929.[28]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 William J. Graham May 26, 1924 May 29, 1924 May 29, 1924 November 10, 1937
2 Finis J. Garrett February 14, 1929 February 18, 1929 February 18, 1929 December 1, 1937[29]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 J. McKenzie Moss May 26, 1926 June 7, 1926 June 7, 1926 June 11, 1929
2 William R. Green February 20, 1928 March 12, 1928 March 12, 1928 May 29, 1940 June 11, 1947
3 Fenton Whitlock Booth April 18, 1928 April 18, 1928 April 18, 1928[30] June 15, 1939 July 26, 1947
4 Nicholas J. Sinnott April 18, 1928 April 20, 1928 April 20, 1928 July 20, 1929

United States Customs Court[edit]

The Board of General Appraisers became the United States Customs Court on May 28, 1926.[31]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 George M. Young May 19, 1924 May 23, 1924 May 24, 1924[32] May 28, 1926[33]
2 Genevieve R. Cline May 4, 1928 May 25, 1928 May 26, 1928 March 1, 1953
3 William Josiah Tilson February 6, 1928 February 27, 1928 February 28, 1928 May 26, 1949

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Jo Freeman, A Room at a Time: How Women Entered Party Politics, 2002: Rowman and Littlefield, p. 216 (ISBN 084769805X)
  3. ^ Elevated to Chief Justice by Franklin D. Roosevelt on July 3, 1941, ending his service on seat 9.
  4. ^ a b Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  5. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 14, 1925, and received commission on December 14, 1925.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1927, and received commission on December 15, 1927.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 18, 1928, and received commission on January 18, 1928.
  8. ^ Originally appointed to the Eighth Circuit, but reassigned by operation of law to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit on March 28, 1929.
  9. ^ Recess appointment by Warren G. Harding; formally nominated on December 15, 1923, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 8, 1924, and received commission on January 8, 1924.
  10. ^ Recess appointment by Warren G. Harding; formally nominated on December 15, 1923, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 16, 1924, and received commission on January 16, 1924.
  11. ^ Recess appointment by Warren G. Harding; formally nominated on December 15, 1923, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 15, 1924, and received commission on January 15, 1924.
  12. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1923, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 17, 1924, and received commission on January 21, 1924.
  13. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma on February 16, 1925.
  14. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana on April 21, 1928.
  15. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Indiana on April 21, 1928.
  16. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1925, and received commission on December 15, 1925.
  17. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1925, and received commission on December 18, 1925.
  18. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1925, and received commission on December 17, 1925.
  19. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 29, 1926, and received commission on January 29, 1926.
  20. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1925, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 21, 1925, and received commission on December 21, 1925.
  21. ^ Received a second recess appointment to the same seat on the same court, but resigned to accept appointment to the United States Customs Court.
  22. ^ a b c d Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1927, and received commission on December 19, 1927.
  23. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 9, 1928, and received commission on January 9, 1928.
  24. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 16, 1928, and received commission on January 16, 1928.
  25. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1927, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 4, 1928, and received commission on January 4, 1928.
  26. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1928, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 8, 1929, and received commission on January 8, 1929.
  27. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1928, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1928, and received commission on December 17, 1928.
  28. ^ "U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals: Legislative History - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov. 
  29. ^ Laterally appointed to serve as Presiding Judge of the same court by Franklin D. Roosevelt on December 1, 1937.
  30. ^ Laterally appointed as Chief Justice, previously served as Judge of the same court.
  31. ^ "U.S. Customs Court: Legislative History - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov. 
  32. ^ Appointed to the Board of General Appraisers.
  33. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Customs Court on May 28, 1926. Served on that court until May 27, 1932.

Sources[edit]