List of federal judges appointed by James K. Polk

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James K. Polk
Robert Cooper Grier, one of President Polk's two appointees to the Supreme Court.

Following is a list of all United States federal judges appointed by President James K. Polk during his presidency.[1] In total Polk appointed ten federal judges, including two Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, one judge to the United States Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, and seven judges to the United States district courts.

Polk faced some obstacles in seating Justices on the Supreme Court. After Henry Baldwin's death in April 1844, Polk nominated James Buchanan for the seat, but Buchanan declined the nomination. Polk then nominated George Washington Woodward of Pennsylvania to Baldwin's seat, but the nomination was rejected by the United States Senate by a vote of 20-29. Polk finally succeeded with the nomination of Robert Cooper Grier, filling the vacancy after two years.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Justice Seat State Began active
service
Ended active
service
Grier, Robert CooperRobert Cooper Grier Seat 1 Pennsylvania August 4, 1846 January 31, 1870
Woodbury, LeviLevi Woodbury Seat 2 New Hampshire September 20, 1845[2] September 4, 1851

Circuit courts[edit]

Judge Circuit Began active
service
Ended active
service
James Dunlop D.C. October 3, 1845[3] November 27, 1855[4]

District courts[edit]

Judge Court
[Note 1]
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Brockenbrough, John WhiteJohn White Brockenbrough W.D. Va. January 14, 1846 May 4, 1861
Bronson, Isaac H.Isaac H. Bronson D. Fla. August 8, 1846 August 13, 1855[5]
Dyer, John JamesJohn James Dyer D. Iowa. March 3, 1847 September 14, 1855
Kane, John K.John K. Kane E.D. Pa. June 17, 1846 February 21, 1858
Marvin, WilliamWilliam Marvin S.D. Fla. March 3, 1847 July 1, 1863
Miller, Andrew G.Andrew G. Miller D. Wis. June 12, 1848 January 1, 1873[6]
Watrous, John CharlesJohn Charles Watrous D. Tex. May 29, 1846 April 19, 1870[7]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 23, 1845, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 3, 1846, and received commission on January 3, 1846.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 23, 1845, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 3, 1846, and received commission on February 3, 1846.
  4. ^ Because of the unique structure of the United States Circuit Court for the District of Columbia, Franklin Pierce's elevation of James Dunlop to chief judge of the Court is considered a separate appointment.
  5. ^ On February 23, 1847, the District of Florida was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida; Bronson was reassigned by operation of law to the Northern District.
  6. ^ On June 30, 1870, the District of Wisconsin was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin and the United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin; Miller was reassigned by operation of law to the Eastern Dostrict.
  7. ^ On February 21, 1857, the District of Texas was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas and the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas; Watrous was reassigned by operation of law to the Eastern District.

Sources[edit]