List of federal judges appointed by Martin Van Buren
Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Martin Van Buren during his presidency. In total Van Buren appointed 11 Article III federal judges, including 3 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States and 8 judges to the United States district courts.
John Catron was nominated to the United States Supreme Court by President Andrew Jackson on the final day of his presidency, March 3, 1837. The United States Senate confirmed the nomination on March 8, 1837 and President Van Buren issued his commission, and thus appointed him, the same day.
Shortly before the end of his presidency, Van Buren appointed Peter Vivian Daniel to the Supreme Court.
United States Supreme Court Justices
|1||John Catron[Note 1]||7||Tennessee||Seat established||March 3, 1837||March 8, 1837||March 8, 1837[Dual 1]||May 30, 1865|
|2||John McKinley||8||Alabama||Seat established||September 18, 1837||September 25, 1837||April 22, 1837||July 19, 1852|
|3||Peter Vivian Daniel||4||Virginia||Philip Pendleton Barbour||February 26, 1841||March 2, 1841||March 3, 1841||May 31, 1860|
|1||Philip Kissick Lawrence||E.D. La.
|September 6, 1837||September 12, 1837||September 12, 1837||March 19, 1841|
|2||Samuel J. Gholson||N.D. Miss.
|February 9, 1839||February 13, 1839||February 13, 1839||January 10, 1861|
|3||Isaac S. Pennybacker||W.D. Va.||January 23, 1840||February 17, 1840||April 23, 1839||December 6, 1845|
|4||John Cochran Nicoll||D. Ga.||January 23, 1840||February 17, 1840||May 11, 1839||August 11, 1848|
|5||Robert Budd Gilchrist||D.S.C.||January 23, 1840||February 17, 1840||October 30, 1839||May 1, 1856|
|6||Mahlon Dickerson||D.N.J.||July 14, 1840||July 21, 1840||July 23, 1840||February 16, 1841|
|7||Philemon Dickerson||D.N.J.||February 22, 1841||February 27, 1841||March 2, 1841||December 10, 1862|
|8||John Y. Mason||E.D. Va.||February 26, 1841||March 2, 1841||March 3, 1841||March 23, 1844|
- Nominated by Andrew Jackson but appointed by Martin Van Buren.
- See List of United States district and territorial courts
- All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on September 18, 1837, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1837, and received commission on September 25, 1837.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 23, 1840, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1840, and received commission on February 17, 1840.
- On August 11, 1848, the District of Georgia was subdivided into the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia and the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia; Nicoll was reassigned by operation of law to both Districts, and remained the sole federal judge for the state of Georgia for the duration of his service.