List of federal judges appointed by Theodore Roosevelt

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President Theodore Roosevelt.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt during his presidency.[1] In total Roosevelt appointed 80 Article III federal judges, a record for his day surpassing the 46 appointed by Ulysses S. Grant. These included 3 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 19 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 58 judges to the United States district courts.

Five of Roosevelt's appointees - George Bethune Adams, Thomas H. Anderson, and Robert W. Archbald, Andrew McConnell January Cochran, and Benjamin Franklin Keller, were originally placed on their respective courts as recess appointments by President William McKinley. Following the assassination which resulted in McKinley's death on September 14, 1901, Roosevelt chose to formally nominate those judges for confirmation by the United States Senate, and all were confirmed.

Additionally, 8 Article I appointments are listed, including 4 judges to the United States Court of Claims and 4 members to the Board of General Appraisers (later the United States Customs Court).

From the establishment of the United States courts of appeals on June 16, 1891, until the abolition of the United States circuit courts on December 31, 1911, all United States Circuit Judges where jointly appointed to both the United States court of appeal and the United States circuit court for their respective circuit. Starting January 1, 1912, United States Circuit Judges served only on the United States court of appeal for their respective circuit.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
1 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. 2 Massachusetts Horace Gray December 2, 1902 December 4, 1902 December 4, 1902 January 12, 1932
2 William R. Day 10 Ohio George Shiras Jr. February 19, 1903 February 23, 1903 February 23, 1903 November 13, 1922
3 William Henry Moody 4 Massachusetts Henry Billings Brown December 3, 1906 December 12, 1906 December 12, 1906 November 19, 1910

Courts of Appeals/Circuit Courts[edit]

The United States circuit courts were abolished on January 1, 1912, the final day of service being December 31, 1911. The United States circuit court in the District of Columbia was abolished in 1863. Therefore, those individuals who served in the D.C. Circuit served only on the Court of Appeals and had no Circuit Court service.

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Francis Elisha Baker Seventh December 11, 1901 January 21, 1902 January 21, 1902 March 15, 1924
2 William Kneeland Townsend Second January 15, 1902 January 21, 1902 January 21, 1902 June 2, 1907
3 Alfred Conkling Coxe Sr. Second May 29, 1902 June 3, 1902 June 3, 1902 July 31, 1917
4 Willis Van Devanter Eighth February 4, 1903 February 18, 1903 February 18, 1903 December 16, 1910
5 John K. Richards Sixth February 19, 1903 February 23, 1903 February 23, 1903 March 1, 1909
6 William Cather Hook Eighth November 10, 1903 November 17, 1903 November 17, 1903 August 11, 1921
7 Jeter Connelly Pritchard Fourth April 27, 1904 April 27, 1904 April 27, 1904 April 10, 1921
8 Charles Holland Duell D.C. December 16, 1904 January 5, 1905 January 5, 1905 August 31, 1906
9 Seth Shepard D.C. December 16, 1904 January 5, 1905 January 5, 1905[2] September 30, 1917
10 Francis Cabot Lowell First February 15, 1905 February 23, 1905 February 23, 1905 March 6, 1911
11 William Henry Seaman Seventh February 25, 1905 March 1, 1905 March 1, 1905 March 8, 1915
12 Christian Cecil Kohlsaat Seventh March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 May 11, 1918
13 Elmer Bragg Adams Eighth December 5, 1905 December 12, 1905 May 20, 1905[3] October 24, 1916
14 Louis E. McComas D.C. December 5, 1905 December 6, 1905 June 26, 1905[4] November 10, 1907
15 Joseph Buffington Third December 3, 1906 December 11, 1906 September 25, 1906[5] June 1, 1938 October 21, 1947
16 Charles Henry Robb D.C. December 3, 1906 December 11, 1906 October 5, 1906[5] November 15, 1937 June 10, 1939
17 Henry Galbraith Ward Second December 3, 1907 December 17, 1907 May 18, 1907[6] June 30, 1921 October 31, 1924
18 Walter Chadwick Noyes Second December 3, 1907 December 10, 1907 September 18, 1907[7] July 1, 1913
19 Josiah Alexander Van Orsdel D.C. December 3, 1907 December 12, 1907 November 14, 1907[8] August 7, 1937

District Courts[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Robert Wodrow Archbald M.D. Pa. December 5, 1901 December 17, 1901 March 29, 1901[9] February 1, 1911
2 Thomas H. Anderson D.D.C. December 5, 1901 February 4, 1902 April 23, 1901[10] October 1, 1916
3 Andrew McConnell January Cochran E.D. Ky. December 5, 1901 December 17, 1901 April 24, 1901[9] June 12, 1934
4 Benjamin Franklin Keller S.D. W. Va. December 5, 1901 December 17, 1901 June 18, 1901[9] August 8, 1921
5 George Bethune Adams S.D.N.Y. December 5, 1901 December 17, 1901 August 30, 1901[9] October 9, 1911
6 Thomas G. Jones M.D. Ala.
N.D. Ala.
December 5, 1901 December 17, 1901 October 7, 1901[11] April 28, 1914
7 Henry C. McDowell Jr. W.D. Va. December 5, 1901 December 18, 1901 November 12, 1901[12] September 1, 1931 October 8, 1933
8 James Perry Platt D. Conn. February 18, 1902 February 28, 1902 February 28, 1902 January 26, 1913
9 Waller Thomas Burns S.D. Tex. April 12, 1902 April 24, 1902 April 22, 1902 November 17, 1917
10 Clarence Hale D. Me. May 13, 1902 May 19, 1902 May 19, 1902 January 1, 1922 April 9, 1934
11 George W. Ray N.D.N.Y December 2, 1902 December 8, 1902 September 12, 1902[13] January 10, 1925
12 Albert Barnes Anderson D. Ind. December 8, 1902 December 8, 1902 December 8, 1902 January 13, 1925
13 Ashley Mulgrave Gould D.D.C. December 2, 1902 December 8, 1902 December 8, 1902 May 20, 1921
14 George Chandler Holt S.D.N.Y. March 2, 1903 March 3, 1903 March 3, 1903 January 16, 1914
15 Page Morris D. Minn. March 5, 1903 March 9, 1903 March 9, 1903 June 30, 1923 December 16, 1924
16 Harry M. Clabaugh D.D.C. November 10, 1903 November 16, 1903 April 1, 1903[14][15] March 6, 1914
17 Jeter Connelly Pritchard D.D.C. November 10, 1903 November 16, 1903 November 16, 1903 June 1, 1904
18 Daniel Thew Wright D.D.C. November 10, 1903 November 17, 1903 November 17, 1903 November 15, 1914
19 John Calvin Pollock D. Kan. November 25, 1903 December 1, 1903 December 1, 1903 January 24, 1937
20 Henry Thomas Reed N.D. Iowa March 5, 1904 March 7, 1904 March 7, 1904 November 30, 1921 February 22, 1924
21 James Buchanan Holland E.D. Pa. April 14, 1904 April 19, 1904 April 19, 1904 April 24, 1914
22 William Henry Hunt D. Mont. April 14, 1904 April 19, 1904 April 19, 1904 March 30, 1910
23 William M. Lanning D.N.J. December 6, 1904 December 13, 1904 June 1, 1904[16] May 24, 1909
24 Wendell Phillips Stafford D.D.C. December 6, 1904 December 13, 1904 June 1, 1904[16] May 4, 1931
25 Arthur Loomis Sanborn W.D. Wis. January 6, 1905 January 9, 1905 January 9, 1905 October 18, 1920
26 Robert Walker Tayler N.D. Ohio January 6, 1905 January 10, 1905 January 10, 1905 November 25, 1910
27 John E. McCall W.D. Tenn. January 9, 1905 January 17, 1905 January 17, 1905 August 8, 1920
28 Frederic Dodge D. Mass. February 15, 1905 February 23, 1905 February 23, 1905 September 10, 1912
29 Joseph V. Quarles E.D. Wis. March 6, 1905 March 6, 1905 March 6, 1905 October 7, 1911
30 Alston G. Dayton N.D. W. Va. March 7, 1905 March 14, 1905 March 14, 1905 July 30, 1920
31 Edward Whitson E.D. Wash. March 10, 1905 March 14, 1905 March 14, 1905 October 15, 1910
32 Joseph Cross D.N.J. March 13, 1905 March 17, 1905 March 17, 1905 October 29, 1913
33 Francis Marion Wright E.D. Ill. March 14, 1905 March 17, 1905 March 17, 1905 July 15, 1917
34 Solomon Hicks Bethea N.D. Ill. March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 August 3, 1909
35 Kenesaw Mountain Landis N.D. Ill. March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 March 18, 1905 February 28, 1922
36 Gustavus A. Finkelnburg E.D. Mo. December 5, 1905 December 12, 1905 May 20, 1905[3] March 31, 1907
37 Charles E. Wolverton D. Ore. December 5, 1905 January 10, 1906 November 20, 1905[17] September 21, 1926
38 Robert E. Lewis D. Colo. April 9, 1906 April 10, 1906 April 10, 1906 December 1, 1921
39 Charles Merrill Hough S.D.N.Y. June 20, 1906 June 27, 1906 June 27, 1906 September 5, 1916
40 Nathaniel Ewing W.D. Pa. December 3, 1906 December 11, 1906 September 25, 1906[5] January 31, 1908
41 James Loren Martin D. Vt. December 3, 1906 December 11, 1906 October 20, 1906[5] January 14, 1915
42 Loyal Edwin Knappen W.D. Mich. December 3, 1906 December 10, 1906 December 10, 1906 February 8, 1910
43 Thomas Chatfield E.D.N.Y. December 13, 1906 January 9, 1907 January 9, 1907 December 24, 1922
44 Edward Silsby Farrington D. Nev. December 19, 1906 January 10, 1907 January 10, 1907 April 30, 1928 August 31, 1929
45 Eugene Davis Saunders E.D. La. February 11, 1907 February 20, 1907 February 20, 1907 February 8, 1909
46 David Patterson Dyer E.D. Mo. February 27, 1907 March 1, 1907 March 1, 1907 November 3, 1919 April 29, 1924
47 Thomas Charles Munger D. Neb. February 27, 1907 March 1, 1907 March 1, 1907 July 31, 1941 November 29, 1941
48 John Elbert Sater S.D. Ohio December 3, 1907 March 18, 1907[18] May 30, 1908
48.1 John Elbert Sater S.D. Ohio December 8, 1908 March 1, 1909 May 30, 1908[19] November 18, 1924
49 Frank Sigel Dietrich D. Idaho December 3, 1907 December 17, 1907 March 19, 1907[6] January 18, 1927
50 William Cary Van Fleet N.D. Cal. December 3, 1907 December 17, 1907 April 2, 1907[6] September 3, 1923
51 Oscar Richard Hundley N.D. Ala. December 3, 1907 April 9, 1907[18] May 30, 1908
51.1 Oscar Richard Hundley N.D. Ala. December 8, 1908 May 30, 1908[20] March 3, 1909
52 William Bostwick Sheppard N.D. Fla. December 3, 1907 May 20, 1908 September 4, 1907[21] April 21, 1934
53 Ralph E. Campbell E.D. Okla. December 3, 1907 January 13, 1908 November 11, 1907[22] August 31, 1918
54 John Hazelton Cotteral W.D. Okla. December 3, 1907 January 13, 1908 November 11, 1907[22] May 23, 1928
55 James Scott Young W.D. Pa. January 14, 1908 January 22, 1908 January 22, 1908 February 25, 1914
56 Edward Terry Sanford E.D. Tenn.
M.D. Tenn.
May 14, 1908 May 18, 1908 May 18, 1908 February 5, 1923
57 Milton D. Purdy D. Minn. December 8, 1908 July 6, 1908[20] March 3, 1909
58 Rufus Edward Foster E.D. La. January 22, 1909 February 2, 1909 February 2, 1909 January 13, 1925

Specialty courts (Article I)[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Francis Marion Wright December 2, 1902 January 13, 1903 January 13, 1903 March 16, 1905
2 Fenton Whitlock Booth March 14, 1905 March 17, 1905 March 17, 1905 April 23, 1928[23]
3 George W. Atkinson December 5, 1905 January 16, 1906 April 15, 1905[24] April 16, 1916
4 Samuel S. Barney December 19, 1905 December 20, 1905 December 20, 1905 April 15, 1919

Board of General Appraisers[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Byron Sylvester Waite June 13, 1902 June 19, 1902 June 25, 1902 May 28, 1926[25]
2 Charles P. McClelland November 10, 1903 December 7, 1903 August 21, 1903[26] May 28, 1926[25]
3 Eugene Gano Hay November 10, 1903 November 24, 1903 September 21, 1903[27] November 30, 1923
4 Roy Chamberlain December 8, 1908 January 11, 1909 June 3, 1908[28] March 3, 1913[29]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice, previously served as Associate Justice of the same court.
  3. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 12, 1905, and received commission on December 12, 1905.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 6, 1905, and received commission on December 6, 1905.
  5. ^ a b c d Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1906, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 11, 1906, and received commission on December 11, 1906.
  6. ^ a b c Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1907, and received commission on December 17, 1907.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1907, and received commission on December 18, 1907.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 12, 1907, and received commission on December 12, 1907.
  9. ^ a b c d Recess appointment by William McKinley; formally nominated by Theodore Roosevelt on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1901, and received commission on December 17, 1901.
  10. ^ Recess appointment by William McKinley; formally nominated by Theodore Roosevelt on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1902, and received commission on February 6, 1902.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 17, 1901, and received commission on December 17, 1901.
  12. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1901, and received commission on December 18, 1901.
  13. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 2, 1902, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 8, 1902, and received commission on December 8, 1902.
  14. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on November 16, 1903, and received commission on November 16, 1903.
  15. ^ Laterally appointed as Chief Justice, previously served as Associate Justice of the same court.
  16. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1904, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 13, 1904, and received commission on December 13, 1904.
  17. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 10, 1906, and received commission on January 10, 1906.
  18. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, but no United States Senate vote.
  19. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 1, 1909, and received commission on March 1, 1909.
  20. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908, but no United States Senate vote.
  21. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on May 20, 1908, and received commission on May 20, 1908.
  22. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 3, 1907, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 13, 1908, and received commission on January 13, 1908.
  23. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court on April 23, 1928.
  24. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1905, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 16, 1906, and received commission on January 16, 1906.
  25. ^ a b Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Customs Court on May 28, 1926.
  26. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 7, 1903, and received commission on December 8, 1903.
  27. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on November 24, 1903, and received commission on November 25, 1903.
  28. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 8, 1908, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 11, 1909, and received commission on January 15, 1909.
  29. ^ Removed from office by William Howard Taft on March 3, 1913.

Sources[edit]