List of federal judges appointed by Woodrow Wilson

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Woodrow Wilson.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Woodrow Wilson during his presidency.[1] In total Wilson appointed 75 Article III federal judges, including 3 Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 20 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, and 52 judges to the United States district courts.

Wilson made additional appointments to Article I tribunals. He made 4 appointments to the United States Court of Customs Appeals. He also made 4 appointments to the Board of General Appraisers, the forerunner of the United States Customs Court and later the United States Court of International Trade.

United States Supreme Court Justices[edit]

# Justice Seat State Former Justice Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began
active service
Ended
active service
Ended
retired service
1 James Clark McReynolds 3 Tennessee Horace Harmon Lurton August 19, 1914 August 29, 1914 August 29, 1914 January 31, 1941 August 24, 1946
2 Louis Brandeis 4 Massachusetts Joseph Rucker Lamar January 28, 1916 June 1, 1916 June 1, 1916 February 13, 1939 October 5, 1941
3 John Hessin Clarke 6 Ohio Charles Evans Hughes July 14, 1916 July 24, 1916 July 24, 1916 September 18, 1922

Courts of Appeals[edit]

# Judge Circuit Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 George Hutchins Bingham First May 15, 1913 June 5, 1913 June 5, 1913 March 23, 1939 September 25, 1949
2 Charles Albert Woods Fourth April 24, 1913 June 5, 1913 June 5, 1913 June 21, 1925
3 Henry Wade Rogers Second September 18, 1913 September 29, 1913 September 29, 1913 August 16, 1926
4 Victor Baynard Woolley Third August 7, 1914 August 12, 1914 August 12, 1914 May 1, 1938 February 22, 1945
5 Richard Wilde Walker Jr. Fifth October 2, 1914 October 5, 1914 October 5, 1914 September 1, 1930 April 10, 1936
6 Samuel Alschuler Seventh January 7, 1916 January 18, 1916 August 16, 1915[2] May 15, 1936 November 9, 1939
7 Evan Alfred Evans Seventh May 1, 1916 May 10, 1916 May 10, 1916 July 7, 1948
8 Charles Merrill Hough Second August 15, 1916 August 21, 1916 August 21, 1916 April 22, 1927
9 Kimbrough Stone Eighth December 19, 1916 December 21, 1916 December 21, 1916 May 15, 1947 February 27, 1958
10 Robert Lynn Batts Fifth January 17, 1917 February 5, 1917 February 5, 1917 August 22, 1919
11 Constantine Joseph Smyth D.C. June 29, 1917 July 12, 1917 July 12, 1917 April 14, 1924
12 Charles Fletcher Johnson First October 1, 1917 October 1, 1917 October 1, 1917 April 30, 1929 February 15, 1930
13 Martin Thomas Manton Second March 12, 1918 March 18, 1918 March 18, 1918 February 7, 1939
14 George Weston Anderson First October 1, 1918 October 24, 1918 October 24, 1918 September 30, 1931 February 14, 1938
15 George True Page Seventh March 1, 1919 March 1, 1919 March 1, 1919 October 1, 1930 November 4, 1941
16 Thomas Griffith Haight Third May 23, 1919 June 24, 1919 April 1, 1919[3] May 31, 1920
17 Maurice H. Donahue Sixth October 1, 1919 October 29, 1919 October 29, 1919 September 10, 1928
18 Nathan Philemon Bryan Fifth April 23, 1920 April 23, 1920 April 23, 1920 August 8, 1935
19 Alexander Campbell King Fifth April 29, 1920 May 24, 1920 May 24, 1920 December 31, 1924
20 John Warren Davis Third May 28, 1920 June 2, 1920 June 2, 1920 April 15, 1939 November 24, 1941

District Courts[edit]

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Jeremiah Neterer W.D. Wash. July 2, 1913 July 21, 1913 March 4, 1913[4] May 31, 1933 February 2, 1943
2 Rhydon Mays Call S.D. Fla. April 12, 1913 April 24, 1913 March 26, 1913[5] December 15, 1927
3 Maurice Timothy Dooling N.D. Cal. July 18, 1913 July 28, 1913 July 28, 1913 November 4, 1924
4 William Henry Sawtelle D. Ariz. August 6, 1913 August 18, 1913 August 18, 1913 February 6, 1931
5 Edwin Stark Thomas D. Conn. October 16, 1913 November 17, 1913 November 17, 1913 April 12, 1939
6 Thomas Griffith Haight D.N.J. February 3, 1914 February 18, 1914 February 18, 1914 April 1, 1919
7 Oliver Booth Dickinson E.D. Pa. March 31, 1914 April 28, 1914 April 28, 1914 September 16, 1939
8 Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr. M.D. Ala.
N.D. Ala.
May 2, 1914 May 2, 1914 May 2, 1914 December 21, 1929
9 Wilbur F. Booth D. Minn. May 2, 1914 May 4, 1914 May 4, 1914 March 27, 1925
10 J. Harry Covington D.D.C. June 8, 1914 June 15, 1914 June 15, 1914 May 31, 1918
11 John Hessin Clarke N.D. Ohio July 15, 1914 July 21, 1914 July 21, 1914 July 24, 1916
12 W. H. Seward Thomson W.D. Pa. July 7, 1914 July 21, 1914 July 21, 1914 February 21, 1928 November 29, 1932
13 Augustus Noble Hand S.D.N.Y. September 28, 1914 September 30, 1914 September 30, 1914 June 1, 1927
14 Walter I. McCoy D.D.C. September 29, 1914 October 2, 1914 October 2, 1914 May 22, 1918[6]
14.1 Walter I. McCoy D.D.C. May 16, 1918 May 22, 1918 May 22, 1918[7] December 8, 1929
15 Benjamin Franklin Bledsoe S.D. Cal. September 30, 1914 October 16, 1914 October 16, 1914 March 24, 1925
16 Frederick Lincoln Siddons D.D.C. December 9, 1914 January 15, 1915 January 15, 1915 June 19, 1931
17 Harland Bradley Howe D. Vt. February 19, 1915 February 22, 1915 February 22, 1915 January 31, 1940 July 31, 1945
18 William Wallace Lambdin S.D. Ga. March 3, 1915 March 3, 1915 March 3, 1915 December 20, 1916
19 Oscar A. Trippet S.D. Cal. March 2, 1915 March 3, 1915 March 3, 1915 July 15, 1923
20 Martin Joseph Wade S.D. Iowa February 26, 1915 March 3, 1915 March 3, 1915 April 16, 1931
21 Tillman Davis Johnson D. Utah January 7, 1916 January 18, 1916 November 2, 1915[2] May 28, 1949 November 1, 1953
22 Joseph T. Johnson W.D.S.C. January 4, 1916 January 24, 1916 March 9, 1915[8] May 8, 1919
23 Joseph William Woodrough D. Neb. March 13, 1916 March 31, 1916 April 3, 1916 April 12, 1933
24 John Warren Davis D.N.J. May 6, 1916 May 15, 1916 May 15, 1916 June 12, 1920
25 Martin Thomas Manton S.D.N.Y. August 15, 1916 August 23, 1916 August 23, 1916 March 22, 1918
26 William Hitz D.D.C. December 15, 1916 January 2, 1917 November 15, 1916[9] February 13, 1931
27 DuVal West W.D. Tex. December 19, 1916 December 21, 1916 December 21, 1916 November 30, 1931 May 13, 1949
28 Robert Tait Ervin S.D. Ala. January 16, 1917 January 23, 1917 January 23, 1917 January 23, 1935 October 24, 1949
29 Colin Neblett D.N.M. January 29, 1917 February 5, 1917 February 5, 1917 July 6, 1948 May 7, 1950
30 David C. Westenhaver N.D. Ohio March 12, 1917 March 14, 1917 March 14, 1917 July 29, 1928
31 George W. Jack W.D. La. March 6, 1917 March 16, 1917 March 16, 1917 March 15, 1924
32 William Robert Smith W.D. Tex. April 11, 1917 April 12, 1917 April 12, 1917 August 16, 1924
33 Beverly Daniel Evans Jr. S.D. Ga. August 11, 1917 August 15, 1917 August 15, 1917 May 7, 1922
34 Edwin Louis Garvin E.D.N.Y. March 6, 1918 March 21, 1918 March 21, 1918 October 31, 1925
35 Joseph Chappell Hutcheson Jr. S.D. Tex. March 29, 1918 April 6, 1918 April 6, 1918 January 26, 1931
36 John C. Knox S.D.N.Y. March 29, 1918 April 12, 1918 April 12, 1918 April 30, 1955 August 23, 1966
37 George W. English E.D. Ill. April 22, 1918 May 3, 1918 May 3, 1918 November 4, 1926
38 Thomas Jennings Bailey D.D.C. May 16, 1918 May 22, 1918 May 22, 1918 November 1, 1950 January 9, 1963
39 Louis Fitzhenry S.D. Ill. July 6, 1918 July 6, 1918 July 6, 1918 October 3, 1933
40 Edwin R. Holmes N.D. Miss.
S.D. Miss.
October 17, 1918 October 24, 1918 October 24, 1918 March 1, 1929[10]
April 6, 1936

41 Robert L. Williams E.D. Okla. December 3, 1918 January 7, 1919 January 7, 1919 April 21, 1937
42 Hugh M. Morris D. Del. January 17, 1919 January 27, 1919 January 27, 1919 June 30, 1930
43 James Clifton Wilson N.D. Tex. May 23, 1919 June 24, 1919 March 5, 1919[3] July 31, 1947 August 3, 1951
44 Charles Francis Lynch D.N.J. June 16, 1919 July 1, 1919 July 1, 1919 March 31, 1925
45 Henry Hitt Watkins W.D.S.C. July 14, 1919 July 22, 1919 July 22, 1919 December 31, 1936 September 8, 1947
46 Samuel Hale Sibley N.D. Ga. July 31, 1919 August 5, 1919 August 5, 1919 January 30, 1931
47 Charles Breckenridge Faris E.D. Mo. October 11, 1919 October 13, 1919 October 13, 1919 February 6, 1935
48 John Weld Peck S.D. Ohio October 30, 1919 November 5, 1919 November 5, 1919 April 3, 1923
49 Edwin Y. Webb W.D.N.C. October 30, 1919 November 5, 1919 November 5, 1919 March 1, 1948 February 7, 1955
50 William Lee Estes E.D. Tex. February 14, 1920 February 18, 1920 February 18, 1920 June 14, 1930
51 Joseph Lamb Bodine D.N.J. May 28, 1920 June 2, 1920 June 2, 1920 March 31, 1929
52 Frank Cooper N.D.N.Y. April 29, 1920 June 3, 1920 June 3, 1920 September 30, 1941 July 16, 1946

Specialty courts (Article I)[edit]

United States Court of Claims[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Edward Kernan Campbell May 1, 1913 May 22, 1913 May 22, 1913 April 22, 1928 December 7, 1938
2 George Eddy Downey January 7, 1916 January 17, 1916 August 3, 1915[11] May 24, 1926
3 James Hay July 15, 1916 July 17, 1916 July 17, 1916 November 30, 1927 June 12, 1931
4 Samuel Jordan Graham July 10, 1919 July 28, 1919 July 28, 1919 May 1, 1930 January 20, 1951

Board of General Appraisers[edit]

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
1 Jerry Bartholomew Sullivan April 17, 1913 April 28, 1913 April 29, 1913 May 28, 1926[12]
2 George Stewart Brown October 16, 1913 November 13, 1913 November 14, 1913 May 28, 1926[12]
3 William C. Adamson September 20, 1917 September 20, 1917 September 24, 1917 May 28, 1926[12]
4 George Emery Weller December 3, 1918 January 3, 1919 January 6, 1919 May 28, 1926[12]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 7, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 18, 1916, and received commission on January 18, 1916.
  3. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on May 23, 1919, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 24, 1919, and received commission on June 24, 1919.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on July 2, 1913, confirmed by the United States Senate on July 21, 1913, and received commission on July 21, 1913.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on April 12, 1913, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 24, 1913, and received commission on April 24, 1913.
  6. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice of the same court.
  7. ^ Laterally appointed Chief Justice, previously served as Associate Justice of the same court.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 4, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 24, 1916, and received commission on January 24, 1916.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 2, 1917, and received commission on January 2, 1917.
  10. ^ Reassigned on March 1, 1929 to only the Southern District of Mississippi.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 7, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 17, 1916, and received commission on January 17, 1916.
  12. ^ a b c d Reassigned by operation of law to the United States Customs Court on May 28, 1926.

Sources[edit]