List of federal political parties in Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In contrast with the political party systems of many nations, Canadian political parties at the federal level are often only loosely connected with parties at the provincial level, despite having similar names. One exception is the New Democratic Party, which is organizationally integrated with most of its provincial counterparts including a shared membership.

Current parties[edit]

Name Founded Registered Ideology Leader Current MPs Most MPs Name changes
  Conservative Party of Canada
Parti conservateur du Canada
2003 2003 Conservatism, Economic liberalism Stephen Harper 162 166 / 308
(2011)
  New Democratic Party
Nouveau Parti démocratique
1961 1971 Social democracy Thomas Mulcair 94 103 / 308
(2011)
  Liberal Party of Canada
Parti libéral du Canada
1861 1972 Liberalism, Centrism Justin Trudeau 36 179 / 245
(1940)
Laurier Liberals (1917-1920)
  Green Party of Canada
Le Parti vert du Canada
1983 1984 Green politics Elizabeth May 2 2 / 308
(2013)
  Bloc Québécois 1991 1993 Quebec sovereignty, Separatism, Social democracy Gilles Duceppe 2 54 / 295
(1993)
  Forces et Démocratie* 2014 2015 Social democracy, Quebec nationalism, Regionalism Jean-François Fortin 2 2 / 308
(2014)
  Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party of Canada 2005 2005 environmentalism, animal rights
  The Bridge Party of Canada
Parti pour nouer des liens entre Canadiens
2015 2015
  Canadian Action Party
Parti action canadienne
1997 1997 populism, anti-globalization
  Christian Heritage Party of Canada
Parti de l'Héritage Chrétien du Canada
1986 2004 social conservative, Christian right
  Communist Party of Canada
Parti communiste du Canada
1921 2000 communism 0 1 / 245
(1945)[1]
Communist Party (1921-1938, 1959-), Unity (1938-1943), Labor-Progressive Party (1943-1959)
  Democratic Advancement Party of Canada
Parti pour l'Avancement de la Démocratie au Canada
2014 2015
  Marxist–Leninist Party of Canada
Parti Marxiste–Léniniste du Canada
1970 1993 Marxism–Leninism
  Libertarian Party of Canada
Parti Libertarien du Canada
1973 2004 libertarianism, individual rights, privacy
  Marijuana Party
Parti Marijuana
2000 2000 cannabis
  Party for Accountability, Competency and Transparency
Parti pour la Responsabilisation, la Compétence et la Transparence
2010 2012 direct democracy
  Pirate Party of Canada
Parti Pirate du Canada
2009 2010 copyright law reform, privacy, network neutrality, open government
  Progressive Canadian Party
Parti Progressiste Canadien
2004 2004 progressive conservatism, Red Tory
  Rhinoceros Party
Parti Rhinocéros
2006 2007 satirical party neorhino.ca (2006-2010), Rhinoceros Party (2010-)
  United Party of Canada
Parti Uni du Canada
2009 2010 centrist

*Unofficially uses the name Strength in Democracy in English.

Eligible parties[edit]

The following political parties are registered with Elections Canada according to section 387 of the Canada Elections Act.[2]

Name Founded Registered or
re-registered
Ideology Leader
  Canada Party
Parti Canada
2015 James K. Pankiw
  Seniors Party of Canada
Parti des aînés du Canada
2014 Daniel J. Patton

Historical parties[edit]

De-registered parties that have been active in recent years[edit]

Name Founded Registered De-registered Reason for de-registration Ideology
  First Peoples National Party of Canada 2005 2005 2013 voluntary under section 388 Aboriginal rights advocacy
  Natural Law Party of Canada
Parti de la loi naturelle du Canada
1992 1993 2004 voluntary under section 388
  Newfoundland and Labrador First Party 2007 2008 2011 involuntary under sections 385.1, 389 Newfoundland and Labrador advocacy
  People's Political Power Party of Canada
Pouvoir Politique du Peuple du Canada
2006 2008 2011 involuntary under section 385 feminist, centrist, populist
  Western Block Party 2005 2005 involuntary under sections 385.1(3) western separatist and paleoconservative/libertarian conservative
  Work Less Party 2007 2008 2010 voluntary under section 388 Labour rights

Historical parties that have won seats in Parliament[edit]

Name Founded Dissolved Ideology Most MPs Name changes
Anti-Confederation 1867 1867 18 / 180
(1867)
Bloc populaire 1943 1949 4 / 245
(1943)
  Conservative Party of Canada 1854 2003 208 / 265
(1958)
Liberal-Conservative Party (1867-1911), Conservative Party (1867-1942), Unionist Party (1917-1921), National Liberal and Conservative Party (1920-1921), National Government (1940), Progressive Conservative Party (1942-2003)
  Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
Parti social démocratique du Canada
1932 1961 Social democracy, Democratic socialism, Agrarianism[3] 31 / 245
(1948)
Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (1932-1958), New Party (1958-1961); in french, Fédération du Commonwealth Coopératif (1932-1955)
Liberal–Labour 1926 1968
Liberal–Progressive 1925 1955
Government (Liberal–Unionist) 1917 1917 Members of the Liberal Party who supported Robert Borden's coalition government.
New Democracy 1939 1940
Nonpartisan League 1917 1917
Patrons of Industry 1890 1900
Progressive 1921 1948
Ralliement créditiste 1963 1971
Reconstruction 1935 1938
  Reform Party of Canada
Parti réformiste du Canada
1987 2003 66 / 301
(2001)
Reform Party (1987-2000), Canadian Alliance (2000-2003)
Social Credit 1935 1993
Social Democratic 1911 1920
Socialist 1904 1925
United Farmers 1921 1935
United Farmers of Alberta 1921 1935
United Farmers of Ontario 1919 1940

Other designations used by sitting MPs[edit]

Pre-confederation political parties[edit]

Historical parties that nominated candidates[edit]

Historical parties that did not nominate candidates[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ At the time was using the name Labor-Progressive Party.
  2. ^ "Registered Political Parties and Parties Eligible for Registration". Elections Canada. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Seymour Martin Lipset (1971). Agrarian Socialism: The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation in Saskatchewan : a Study in Political Sociology. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-02056-6. Retrieved 20 August 2012.