List of federal subjects of Russia by total fertility rate

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This is a list of values of total fertility rates by federal subjects of Russia.

TFR by federal subjects[edit]

Source: Суммарный коэффициент рождаемости, единица

Federal subject 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
 Russia 1.29 1.31 1.42 1.50 1.54 1.57 1.58 1.69 1.71 1.75 1.78 1.76 1.62
Central Federal District 1.16 1.16 1.23 1.30 1.35 1.37 1.38 1.47 1.48 1.51 1.58 1.60 1.47
Belgorod Oblast 1.18 1.24 1.34 1.42 1.41 1.40 1.43 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.56 1.55 1.39
Bryansk Oblast 1.22 1.23 1.36 1.45 1.47 1.42 1.46 1.56 1.53 1.56 1.65 1.61 1.43
Vladimir Oblast 1.25 1.27 1.36 1.43 1.45 1.46 1.50 1.62 1.59 1.64 1.73 1.71 1.52
Voronezh Oblast 1.14 1.12 1.19 1.29 1.35 1.36 1.36 1.45 1.44 1.47 1.52 1.48 1.37
Ivanovo Oblast 1.18 1.21 1.33 1.39 1.43 1.40 1.41 1.51 1.55 1.57 1.63 1.60 1.46
Kaluga Oblast 1.21 1.23 1.34 1.39 1.39 1.48 1.49 1.62 1.64 1.69 1.84 1.78 1.64
Kostroma Oblast 1.33 1.37 1.46 1.55 1.63 1.65 1.71 1.83 1.85 1.87 1.89 1.88 1.70
Kursk Oblast 1.22 1.26 1.41 1.50 1.51 1.55 1.61 1.70 1.67 1.70 1.72 1.64 1.46
Lipetsk Oblast 1.27 1.28 1.36 1.43 1.44 1.47 1.47 1.63 1.60 1.66 1.70 1.69 1.54
Moscow Oblast 1.17 1.16 1.20 1.29 1.34 1.37 1.38 1.49 1.52 1.60 1.68 1.73 1.61
Oryol Oblast 1.20 1.26 1.34 1.42 1.44 1.50 1.43 1.54 1.53 1.55 1.60 1.59 1.42
Ryazan Oblast 1.22 1.21 1.33 1.41 1.40 1.44 1.45 1.54 1.55 1.60 1.64 1.70 1.51
Smolensk Oblast 1.14 1.15 1.23 1.30 1.39 1.38 1.40 1.43 1.48 1.53 1.52 1.51 1.37
Tambov Oblast 1.21 1.16 1.26 1.29 1.30 1.34 1.33 1.42 1.42 1.49 1.51 1.50 1.38
Tver Oblast 1.31 1.33 1.42 1.48 1.53 1.52 1.54 1.65 1.64 1.66 1.70 1.71 1.56
Tula Oblast 1.10 1.10 1.15 1.23 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.43 1.42 1.47 1.57 1.55 1.40
Yaroslavl Oblast 1.25 1.28 1.34 1.40 1.47 1.49 1.48 1.60 1.64 1.64 1.70 1.71 1.53
Moscow 1.07 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.21 1.25 1.25 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.41 1.46 1.38
Northwestern Federal District 1.20 1.20 1.29 1.35 1.42 1.44 1.46 1.56 1.57 1.61 1.66 1.67 1.52
Republic of Karelia 1.30 1.32 1.41 1.50 1.56 1.58 1.60 1.71 1.65 1.74 1.77 1.76 1.56
Republic of Komi 1.36 1.37 1.48 1.54 1.60 1.63 1.70 1.88 1.96 2.01 2.00 1.97 1.78
Arkhangelsk Oblast 1.36 1.37 1.50 1.53 1.59 1.63 1.63 1.76 1.80 1.83 1.85 1.83 1.68
Arkhangelsk Oblast (w/o АО) 1.62 1.74 1.78 1.81 1.82 1.80 1.65
Nenets Autonomous Okrug 1.81 1.71 1.88 2.02 2.05 2.11 2.01 2.35 2.31 2.42 2.58 2.77 2.35
Vologda Oblast 1.36 1.39 1.47 1.52 1.58 1.60 1.68 1.84 1.85 1.86 1.92 1.90 1.70
Kaliningrad Oblast 1.16 1.20 1.40 1.45 1.48 1.46 1.52 1.63 1.64 1.70 1.75 1.73 1.57
Leningrad Oblast 1.03 1.01 1.06 1.10 1.16 1.17 1.16 1.22 1.23 1.28 1.29 1.32 1.22
Murmansk Oblast 1.25 1.26 1.32 1.39 1.41 1.49 1.49 1.57 1.62 1.65 1.71 1.65 1.56
Novgorod Oblast 1.28 1.33 1.45 1.44 1.52 1.55 1.56 1.70 1.70 1.75 1.78 1.78 1.61
Pskov Oblast 1.28 1.30 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.51 1.54 1.66 1.68 1.70 1.74 1.80 1.57
St Petersburg 1.08 1.08 1.14 1.23 1.33 1.38 1.38 1.48 1.48 1.52 1.59 1.63 1.50
Southern Federal District 1.28 1.31 1.41 1.50 1.51 1.51 1.52 1.63 1.64 1.71 1.74 1.72 1.59
Republic of Adygea 1.36 1.38 1.58 1.68 1.65 1.70 1.66 1.71 1.68 1.73 1.72 1.68 1.52
Republic of Kalmykia 1.64 1.62 1.74 1.84 1.80 1.88 1.81 1.89 1.88 1.85 1.83 1.71 1.54
Krasnodar Krai 1.33 1.34 1.45 1.55 1.57 1.57 1.58 1.70 1.72 1.81 1.84 1.83 1.72
Astrakhan Oblast 1.53 1.55 1.67 1.75 1.75 1.76 1.78 1.93 1.91 1.97 1.97 1.94 1.73
Volgograd Oblast 1.22 1.26 1.37 1.44 1.45 1.45 1.44 1.54 1.53 1.57 1.59 1.57 1.44
Rostov Oblast 1.17 1.21 1.29 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.51 1.52 1.61 1.63 1.60 1.46
North Caucasian Federal District 1.64 1.63 1.84 1.96 1.95 1.99 2.01 2.00 1.99 2.03 1.98 1.94 1.87
Republic of Dagestan 1.70 1.65 1.81 1.93 1.91 1.92 1.98 2.03 2.02 2.08 2.02 1.98 1.91
Republic of Ingushetia 1.80 1.99 2.22 2.46 2.52 2.99 2.94 2.27 2.23 2.28 1.97 1.75 1.77
Kabardino-Balkaria Republic 1.20 1.25 1.54 1.62 1.61 1.66 1.70 1.83 1.80 1.83 1.75 1.72 1.61
Karachay–Cherkess Republic 1.39 1.31 1.55 1.60 1.54 1.51 1.54 1.63 1.67 1.65 1.54 1.52 1.43
Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 1.44 1.50 1.71 1.78 1.78 1.84 1.86 1.96 1.98 2.01 1.93 1.89 1.75
Chechen Republic 2.95 2.81 3.18 3.44 3.41 3.45 3.36 3.08 2.93 2.91 2.80 2.62 2.73
Stavropol Krai 1.23 1.24 1.38 1.47 1.44 1.44 1.43 1.53 1.55 1.62 1.64 1.68 1.54
Volga Federal District 1.28 1.30 1.42 1.51 1.54 1.58 1.59 1.72 1.75 1.79 1.82 1.79 1.60
Republic of Bashkortostan 1.42 1.43 1.63 1.71 1.73 1.77 1.74 1.86 1.89 1.95 1.94 1.86 1.70
Republic of Mari El 1.34 1.34 1.47 1.53 1.58 1.59 1.66 1.83 1.93 1.98 1.99 1.98 1.75
Republic of Mordovia 1.14 1.13 1.18 1.26 1.25 1.24 1.25 1.32 1.37 1.37 1.36 1.40 1.26
Republic of Tatarstan 1.28 1.27 1.38 1.48 1.54 1.60 1.65 1.80 1.83 1.84 1.86 1.86 1.65
Udmurt Republic 1.38 1.40 1.58 1.65 1.71 1.78 1.83 1.98 1.92 1.96 2.01 1.96 1.72
Chuvash Republic 1.32 1.34 1.50 1.51 1.63 1.65 1.67 1.83 1.85 1.88 1.91 1.87 1.65
Perm Krai 1.37 1.39 1.52 1.63 1.69 1.77 1.78 1.91 1.93 1.98 2.02 1.98 1.75
Kirov Oblast 1.27 1.32 1.45 1.55 1.57 1.59 1.64 1.81 1.87 1.89 1.91 1.94 1.70
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 1.20 1.21 1.30 1.38 1.41 1.42 1.44 1.55 1.56 1.59 1.67 1.65 1.50
Orenburg Oblast 1.36 1.42 1.58 1.66 1.74 1.80 1.80 1.95 2.00 2.03 2.01 1.95 1.73
Penza Oblast 1.15 1.17 1.30 1.36 1.37 1.37 1.36 1.48 1.49 1.53 1.55 1.50 1.36
Samara Oblast 1.22 1.25 1.32 1.41 1.41 1.44 1.44 1.54 1.59 1.65 1.71 1.71 1.53
Saratov Oblast 1.18 1.19 1.33 1.39 1.40 1.40 1.40 1.51 1.54 1.57 1.60 1.55 1.39
Ulyanovsk Oblast 1.17 1.17 1.24 1.37 1.39 1.41 1.45 1.57 1.61 1.67 1.71 1.71 1.52
Ural Federal District 1.36 1.39 1.51 1.62 1.67 1.71 1.75 1.88 1.91 1.96 1.97 1.92 1.76
Kurgan Oblast 1.40 1.43 1.59 1.72 1.77 1.79 1.82 2.03 2.12 2.10 2.12 2.03 1.88
Sverdlovsk Oblast 1.30 1.34 1.44 1.56 1.62 1.67 1.70 1.83 1.87 1.92 1.95 1.91 1.76
Tyumen Oblast 1.49 1.50 1.62 1.70 1.76 1.81 1.83 1.99 2.00 2.07 2.07 2.01 1.88
Tyumen Oblast (w/o АО) 1.84 1.96 1.96 2.05 2.06 2.00 1.88
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra 1.51 1.52 1.61 1.68 1.72 1.81 1.84 2.02 2.05 2.09 2.07 2.02 1.88
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 1.57 1.50 1.61 1.65 1.74 1.79 1.84 2.05 2.09 2.19 2.19 2.08 1.95
Chelyabinsk Oblast 1.30 1.34 1.46 1.58 1.61 1.65 1.70 1.81 1.80 1.86 1.84 1.81 1.61
Siberian Federal District 1.37 1.39 1.54 1.66 1.70 1.70 1.72 1.86 1.88 1.90 1.90 1.87 1.72
Republic of Altai 2.05 1.97 2.34 2.55 2.46 2.48 2.84 2.91 2.82 2.88 2.68 2.63 2.36
Republic of Buryatia 1.63 1.69 1.84 1.94 1.99 1.99 2.03 2.14 2.21 2.26 2.28 2.24 2.06
Republic of Tuva 2.15 2.12 2.69 2.80 2.96 3.03 3.25 3.35 3.42 3.49 3.39 3.35 3.19
Republic of Khakassia 1.38 1.43 1.64 1.76 1.79 1.80 1.83 2.00 2.01 2.01 1.99 1.97 1.78
Altai Krai 1.30 1.28 1.44 1.58 1.60 1.63 1.65 1.81 1.83 1.84 1.81 1.78 1.64
Zabaykalsky Krai 1.59 1.61 1.72 1.84 1.86 1.87 1.87 2.00 2.01 2.08 2.06 1.98 1.87
Krasnoyarsk Krai 1.30 1.32 1.42 1.53 1.59 1.61 1.62 1.76 1.78 1.81 1.84 1.82 1.67
Irkutsk Oblast 1.44 1.48 1.67 1.82 1.86 1.82 1.86 1.97 1.98 1.97 2.01 1.99 1.86
Kemerovo Oblast 1.33 1.38 1.49 1.60 1.65 1.62 1.59 1.76 1.79 1.78 1.73 1.71 1.54
Novosibirsk Oblast 1.30 1.28 1.39 1.52 1.57 1.60 1.59 1.71 1.75 1.77 1.82 1.81 1.67
Omsk Oblast 1.27 1.28 1.43 1.52 1.56 1.60 1.66 1.86 1.87 1.95 1.91 1.81 1.61
Tomsk Oblast 1.23 1.28 1.39 1.48 1.51 1.49 1.48 1.55 1.59 1.59 1.60 1.58 1.47
Far Eastern Federal District 1.42 1.42 1.52 1.56 1.62 1.63 1.66 1.78 1.81 1.87 1.89 1.86 1.73
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) 1.73 1.72 1.91 1.90 1.97 2.00 2.06 2.17 2.17 2.25 2.19 2.09 1.93
Kamchatka Krai 1.41 1.42 1.47 1.52 1.56 1.51 1.61 1.73 1.77 1.85 1.89 1.89 1.78
Primorski Krai 1.31 1.31 1.41 1.43 1.49 1.49 1.53 1.65 1.69 1.73 1.76 1.74 1.60
Khabarovsk Krai 1.34 1.36 1.44 1.51 1.56 1.56 1.57 1.70 1.74 1.79 1.85 1.78 1.64
Amur Oblast 1.46 1.44 1.54 1.60 1.65 1.69 1.70 1.83 1.84 1.85 1.84 1.82 1.71
Magadan Oblast 1.36 1.32 1.35 1.35 1.52 1.44 1.48 1.65 1.69 1.66 1.66 1.60 1.60
Sakhalin Oblast 1.43 1.40 1.48 1.57 1.56 1.56 1.57 1.71 1.81 1.96 2.02 2.16 2.03
Jewish Autonomous Oblast 1.40 1.47 1.59 1.72 1.64 1.67 1.79 1.84 1.86 1.95 2.02 1.99 1.81
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 1.91 1.78 1.83 1.75 1.67 1.89 1.81 1.97 1.91 2.04 2.10 2.11 2.08
Crimean Federal District 1.80 1.82
Republic of Crimea 1.83 1.82 1.76 1.64
Sevastopol 1.65 1.82 1.73 1.56

TFR by ethnic group[edit]

TFR is usually high for non Slavic groups like Caucasians and Mongoloid people. But for some minorities like Balkars (Caucasian) and Karelians (Finnic) it is lower than the general population. Jews have the lowest TFR among the larger groups, while Nenets have the highest for the 25-29 and 30-35 age groups, which reflect recent births.

Out of the dozens of groups listed here, only 6 have an above replacement fertility (2.06) for the 30-34 age group. They are Nenets (2.372), Chechen (2.228), Dargwa (2.118), Avar (2.111), Chukchee (2.081) and Ingush (2.072). For Jews, the TFR is less than half of that needed for replacement.

For the 30-34 group, the lowest TFR were for Jews (1.071), Russians (1.323), Balkars (1.389) and Belarusians (1.395). TFR for the 25-29 group gives the latest trends on birth rate. For that group, highest TFR were for the Nenets (1.749) and Chukchee (1.615), while the lowest were for Jews (0.791), Balkar (0.808), Osset (0.896) and Karachai (0.940).

The fertility for 25-29 group is not completed and so it is difficult to predict. But comparison with 1989 census shows huge drop in fertility in West Caucassia (Esp. Karachayevo Cherkissia, Adyghea and North Ossetia) and some parts of Arctic Russia (Murmansk, Komi, etc.).

The Fertility in East Caucassia is fairly stable, although decreasing. The figures given are from 2002 census and it should be noted that the lowest birth rate recorded in Russia was on 1999 and it increased thereafter. After 2002, it continued to increase and for the first half of 2007, the birth rate is 10.7 compared to 8.7 in 1999.[1]

'No. Births per 1000 Women 2002
Ethnic Gp For all ages 15 - 17 18 - 19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70+
Russian 1,446 18 91 431 958 1,323 1,590 1,755 1,809 1,770 1,719 1,797 1,871 2,088
Tatar 1,711 10 59 386 988 1,447 1,733 1,888 1,969 2,014 2,071 2,339 2,543 2,967
Ukrainian 1,726 21 104 489 1,056 1,424 1,687 1,847 1,902 1,908 1,883 1,921 2,024 2,228
Bashkir 1,969 9 70 448 1,124 1,656 1,960 2,125 2,306 2,434 2,599 3,079 3,414 3,695
Chuvash 1,884 12 65 424 1,074 1,566 1,846 2,052 2,185 2,255 2,378 2,598 2,789 2,988
Chechen 2,163 29 155 659 1,555 2,228 2,768 3,130 3,469 3,857 4,014 4,195 4,571 4,607
Armene 1,680 14 91 562 1,339 1,786 2,050 2,143 2,139 2,161 2,181 2,321 2,437 2,570
Mordva 1,986 16 71 440 1,055 1,473 1,723 1,885 1,966 2,065 2,195 2,463 2,650 2,967
Avar 2,090 10 67 484 1,413 2,111 2,581 2,903 3,227 3,614 3,890 4,067 4,207 3,826
Belarusian 1,765 29 108 453 1,018 1,395 1,656 1,791 1,875 1,869 1,910 1,931 2,005 2,278
Kazakh 2,015 16 101 492 1,177 1,642 1,959 2,231 2,550 2,900 3,705 4,548 5,164 4,901
Udmurt 1,930 20 100 491 1,132 1,627 1,915 2,093 2,183 2,268 2,285 2,537 2,796 2,946
Azeri 1,830 32 203 836 1,611 2,036 2,261 2,441 2,596 2,849 3,007 3,376 3,874 3,969
Mari 1,917 21 98 474 1,160 1,641 1,965 2,176 2,344 2,435 2,452 2,760 3,013 3,200
German 1,864 21 119 534 1,126 1,619 1,982 2,185 2,229 2,214 2,299 2,565 2,821 3,078
Kabarda 1,799 11 78 450 1,197 1,770 2,161 2,371 2,487 2,616 2,718 2,972 3,304 3,420
Osset 1,665 16 63 322 896 1,415 1,796 2,060 2,199 2,253 2,283 2,339 2,447 2,727
Dargin 2,162 14 70 528 1,508 2,118 2,630 2,959 3,315 3,892 4,090 4,552 4,628 4,093
Buriot 1,949 11 82 465 1,130 1,661 2,091 2,401 2,624 2,840 2,989 3,571 3,836 3,943
Yakut 1,972 30 107 563 1,290 1,887 2,258 2,428 2,568 2,600 2,806 3,406 3,990 4,553
Kumyk 1,977 11 67 517 1,408 2,017 2,496 2,760 2,920 3,206 3,451 3,738 4,104 4,023
Ingush 2,325 11 59 391 1,223 2,072 2,913 3,617 4,038 4,439 4,773 5,234 5,434 5,020
Lezghin 2,045 13 68 531 1,412 2,037 2,400 2,716 3,009 3,438 3,742 4,354 4,737 4,609
Komi 1,869 26 124 523 1,061 1,507 1,814 2,003 2,174 2,127 2,121 2,539 2,839 3,206
Tyva 1,996 16 107 532 1,275 1,914 2,391 2,880 3,362 3,739 4,204 4,696 5,157 5,557
Jew 1,264 62 93 323 791 1,071 1,335 1,451 1,399 1,373 1,323 1,345 1,294 1,401
Karachai 1,860 13 44 295 940 1,567 2,029 2,350 2,595 2,845 2,905 3,291 3,784 3,902
Qalmaq 1,853 12 71 458 1,061 1,540 1,893 2,148 2,247 2,287 2,463 3,380 3,971 4,466
Adyghe 1,757 13 80 401 1,087 1,574 1,882 2,006 2,107 2,250 2,446 2,623 2,810 3,057
Permyak 2,145 36 167 667 1,267 1,697 1,998 2,189 2,395 2,402 2,454 2,991 3,134 3,315
Balkar 1,689 11 42 247 808 1,389 1,860 2,137 2,315 2,531 2,754 3,345 3,502 3,879
Karelian 1,823 17 121 458 991 1,413 1,735 1,948 1,931 1,914 1,933 1,989 2,227 2,482
Khakass 1,872 18 117 548 1,229 1,661 2,035 2,303 2,541 2,595 2,486 2,838 3,452 3,414
Altay 2,021 18 118 630 1,327 1,870 2,225 2,474 2,769 2,969 3,312 3,815 4,008 3,821
Cherkess 1,807 20 61 437 1,140 1,604 2,003 2,167 2,343 2,436 2,661 3,092 3,467 3,441
Nenets 2,421 31 197 722 1,749 2,372 3,037 3,459 3,636 3,688 4,021 4,334 4,501 4,784
Evenk 1,972 40 173 755 1,411 1,987 2,340 2,646 2,914 2,724 3,064 3,188 3,811 4,386
Khant 2,002 30 268 699 1,445 2,044 2,446 2,754 2,751 2,722 3,214 3,481 4,096 4,538
Chukchee 2,122 51 246 872 1,615 2,081 2,490 2,732 3,000 3,164 3,392 4,153 4,280 4,747
Mansi 1,758 45 212 602 1,342 1,837 2,160 2,141 2,502 2,557 2,518 3,000 3,215 3,615
Koryak 1,844 54 330 754 1,527 1,931 2,163 2,273 2,464 2,426 3,097 3,979 4,530 3,846
Dolgan 1,922 79 223 721 1,391 1,902 2,307 2,799 3,014 2,839 3,255 3,395 3,521 4,137

Natural growth by federal subject[edit]

Source: [2]; figures are for 2017.

SN Federal Subject Birth rate Death rate Natural growth rate
1 Tyva Republic 21.8 8.7 13.1
2 Chechen Republic 21.0 4.6 16.4
3 Republic of Ingushetia 16.5 3.2 13.3
4 Republic of Dagestan 16.4 5.1 11.3
5 Altai Republic 15.8 9.6 6.2
6 Nenets Autonomous Okrug 15.3 8.5 6.8
7 Buryat Republic 14.5 10.6 3.9
8 Sakha Republic 14.4 8.1 6.3
9 Tyumen Oblast 14.2 7.9 6.3
10 Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug 14.1 6.2 7.9
11 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 14.0 4.9 9.1
12 Irkutsk Oblast 13.3 12.9 0.4
13 Chukotka Autonomous Okrug 13.2 9.1 4.1
14 Sakhalin Oblast 12.9 12.0 0.9
15 Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 12.8 10.2 2.6
16 Kabardino-Balkar Republic 12.8 8.5 4.3
17 Saint Petersburg 12.6 11.5 1.1
18 Sverdlovsk Oblast 12.4 13.3 -0.9
19 Novosibirsk Oblast 12.4 12.9 -0.5
20 Republic of Khakassia 12.4 12.6 -0.2
21 Krasnoyarsk Krai 12.4 12.3 -0.1
22 Republic of Tatarstan 12.4 11.3 1.1
23 Perm 12.2 13.2 -1.0
24 Republic of Bashkortostan 12.1 12.4 -0.3
25 Astrakhan Oblast 12.1 11.4 0.7
26 Khabarovsk Krai 12.0 13.0 -1.0
27 Krasnodar Krai 12.0 12.5 -0.5
28 Moscow Oblast 12.0 12.4 -0.4
29 Mari El Republic 11.9 12.4 -0.5
30 Amur Oblast 11.8 13.4 -1.6
31 Udmurt Republic 11.8 12.0 -0.2
32 Kamchatsky Krai 11.8 11.0 0.8
33 Jewish Autonomous Oblast 11.7 13.2 -1.5
34 Tomsk Oblast 11.7 11.4 0.3
35 Stavropol Krai 11.6 11.2 0.4
36 Orenburg Oblast 11.5 13.2 -1.7
37 Chelyabinsk Oblast 11.5 13.0 -1.5
38 Omsk Oblast 11.5 12.8 -1.3
39 Komi Republic 11.5 11.7 -0.2
40 Vologda Oblast 11.4 14.4 -3.0
41 Chuvash Republic 11.3 12.6 -1.3
42 Kurgan Oblast 11.1 15.2 -4.1
43 Kaliningrad Oblast 11.1 12.5 -1.4
44 Karachay–Cherkess Republic 11.0 9.3 1.7
45 Primorski Krai 10.9 13.2 -2.3
46 Magadan Oblast 10.9 11.3 -0.4
47 Republic of Kalmykia 10.9 9.9 1.0
48 Kaluga Oblast 10.8 14.8 -4.0
49 Altai Krai 10.8 14.0 -3.2
50 Samara Oblast 10.8 13.7 -2.9
51 Moscow 10.8 9.6 1.2
52 Kostroma Oblast 10.7 14.8 -4.1
53 Kirov Oblast 10.7 14.4 -3.7
54 Nizhny Novgorod Oblast 10.6 14.7 -4.1
55 Arkhangelsk Oblast 10.6 12.9 -2.3
56 Republic of Adygea 10.6 12.7 -2.1
57 Yaroslavl Oblast 10.5 15.2 -4.7
58 Kemerovo Oblast 10.5 14.1 -3.6
59 Republic of Karelia 10.3 14.5 -4.2
60 Rostov Oblast 10.3 13.4 -3.1
61 Murmansk Oblast 10.3 11.0 -0.7
62 Novgorod Oblast 10.2 17.1 -6.9
63 Lipetsk Oblast 10.0 14.7 -4.7
64 Ulyanovsk Oblast 10.0 14.0 -4.0
65 Tver Oblast 9.9 16.9 -7.0
66 Volgograd Oblast 9.9 13.1 -3.2
67 Ryazan Oblast 9.8 15.3 -5.5
68 Belgorod Oblast 9.8 13.5 -3.7
69 Ivanovo Oblast 9.7 15.8 -6.1
70 Vladimir Oblast 9.7 15.7 -6.0
71 Kursk Oblast 9.6 15.5 -5.9
72 Voronezh Oblast 9.6 14.7 -5.1
73 Pskov Oblast 9.5 17.4 -7.9
74 Oryol Oblast 9.5 15.7 -6.2
75 Bryansk Oblast 9.5 15.3 -5.8
76 Saratov Oblast 9.5 13.6 -4.1
77 Smolensk Oblast 9.1 15.6 -6.5
78 Tula Oblast 9.0 16.5 -6.5
79 Penza Oblast 8.9 14.1 -5.2
80 Tambov Oblast 8.6 15.2 -6.6
81 Republic of Mordovia 8.5 13.5 -5.0
82 Leningrad Oblast 8.4 13.4 -5.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]