List of women architects

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The following is a list of women architects by nationality — notable women who are well known for their work in the field of architecture.

Africa[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Kenya[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Sarah Calburn (b. 1964), own practice, residential projects and Johannesburg's Momo Gallery
  • Sophia Gray (1814–1871), first female architect in South Africa
  • Linda Mvusi (born c.1955), actress, architect, owns her own firm
  • Kate Otten (b. 1964), own practice, community libraries, the waterfront development at Tzaneen
  • Anya van der Merwe, Cape Town architect

Uganda[edit]

Zambia[edit]

Asia[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

  • Huang Hui
  • Lin Huiyin (1904–1955), first known Chinese female architect
  • Jing Liu (b. 1981), co-founder of the New York design office SO-IL
  • Lu Wenyu, who's husband Wang Shu won the Priztker Prize for the work the duo completed together in their firm (and who's sole attribution of the prize generated some controversy[3])

India[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Iran[edit]

  • Farshid Moussavi (b. 1965), Iranian-British founder of Farshid Moussavi Architecture
  • Nasrine Seraji (b. 1957), Iranian-British founder of Atelier Searaji Architects & head of Department of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

  • Amale Andraos, dean of the Colombia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation.

Mongolia[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

  • Yasmeen Lari (b. circa 1941), the country's first female architect

Palestine[edit]

Saudi Arabia[edit]

  • Nadia Bakhurji, interior architect, holds several administrative positions

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

  • Xiu Zelan (b. 1925), Taiwan's first female architect

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Australasia[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Kate Beath (1882–1979), probably the first female architect in New Zealand
  • Gill Matthewson (fl from 1984), architect, educator, writer

Europe[edit]

Albania[edit]

Austria[edit]

  • Maria Auböck (born 1951), architect, educator, specializing in landscape architecture
  • Ella Briggs (1880–1977), early Austrian female architect and interior decorator
  • Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky (1897–2000), first Austrian female architect
  • Lilia Skala (1896–1994), graduated in and practiced architecture before becoming an actress
  • Laura P. Spinadel (born 1958), principal at BUSarchitektur & BOA büro für offensive aleatorik
  • Silja Tillner (born 1960), principal at Architekten Tillner & Willinger
  • Liane Zimbler (1892–1987), possibly the first European woman to graduate in architecture, in Austria; practiced in the United States from 1938 to age 90

Belarus[edit]

  • Lyubow Usava (1921), state architect who helped restore the City of Minsk after WWII

Belgium[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

  • Dijana Alić (born 1950s), architect and academic living in Australia
  • Vesna Bugarski (1930–1992), first female architect in Bosnia-Herzegovina[6]
  • Selma Harrington (b. 1955), interior design, president of the Architects' Council of Europe

Bulgaria[edit]

Croatia[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Aino Aalto (1894–1949), first wife of Alvar Aalto using the Functionalist style, later turning to interiors
  • Elissa Aalto (1922–1994), second wife of Alvar Aalto, with whom she designed the opera house in Essen
  • Elsa Arokallio (1892–1982), after her husband died, ran her own business
  • Elsi Borg (1893–1958), after graduating in 1919, designed a hospital and a church
  • Hilda Hongell (1867–1952), possibly the first woman in Finland to run her own practice
  • Signe Hornborg (1862–1916), possibly the first qualified female architect in the world
  • Eva Kuhlefelt-Ekelund (1892–1984)
  • Kristiina Lassus (born 1966), designer
  • Wivi Lönn (1872–1966), several notable buildings; first woman to be granted title of professor by Finnish Association
  • Martta Martikainen-Ypyä (1904–1992), designed many public buildings alone or with husband Ragnar Ypyä
  • Raili Pietilä (b. 1926), closely cooperated with husband Raili Pietilä
  • Kaija Siren (1920–2001), worked with her husband Heikki Siren

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Luxembourg[edit]

Montenegro[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Poland[edit]

  • Barbara Bielecka (b. 1931), designed the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen, Poland's largest church
  • Karola Bloch (1905–1994), worked in Austria, the United States and Germany
  • Barbara Brukalska (1899–1980), Functionalist architect, educator
  • Adrienne Górska (1899–1969), Russian-born Polish architect working in Paris

Romania[edit]

  • Maria Cotescu, (1896–1980), one of the first women architects of Romania. Built the National railway industrial complex.
  • Henrieta Delavrancea, (1897–1987) one of the first female architects admitted to the Superior School of Architecture in Bucharest
  • Virginia Andreescu Haret, (1894–1962), first female graduate in architecture and first female Romanian Architectural Inspector General
  • Anca Petrescu (b. 1949), architect and politician

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

  • Ksenija Bulatović (b. 1967), various educational and commercial buildings, also academic
  • Jelisaveta Načić (1878–1955), first female architect in Serbia
  • Olja Ivanjicki (1931–2009), versatile artist in sculpture, poetry, design, architecture and writing

Slovenia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Turkey[edit]

  • Leman Tomsu (1913–1988), one of the first Turkish women to qualify as an architect in 1934

United Kingdom[edit]

North America[edit]

Belize[edit]

  • Esther Ayuso (1958), first female architect of Belize. Specializes in hospital design. was born in Venezuela
  • Sue Courtenay (born mid-1970s), first female president of the Federation of Caribbean Association of Architects

Canada[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

  • Margot Taule (1920–2008), first registered professional engineer and architect in the Dominican Republic

Jamaica[edit]

  • Nadine Isaacs, (1942–2004) first female head of the Jamaican Institute of Architects and Caribbean School of Architecture
  • Verma Panton, (1936–2015) first female architect of Jamaica and of the Anglo-Caribbean

Mexico[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

United States[edit]

This list of United States women architects includes notable women architects with a strong connection to the United States, i.e. born in the USA, located in the USA, or known primarily for their work in the USA.

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

  • Keller Easterling (b. 1959), architect, urbanist and writer
  • Judith Edelman (1923–2014), co-founder of Edelman Sultan Knox Wood/Architects
  • Merrill Elam, active in Atlanda, Georgia, co-founded her own firm in 1984

F[edit]

G[edit]

H[edit]

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

  • Michelle Kaufmann, green architect and designer
  • Anna Keichline (1889–1943), first registered female architect in Pennsylvania
  • Fay Kellogg (1871–1918), "the foremost woman architect in the United States" in the early 20th century[20]
  • Sheila Kennedy, Professor of Architecture at MIT, winner of International Building Exhibition award[21]
  • Florence Knoll (b. 1917), architect and furniture designer
  • Rosalyn Koo (born 1929), Chinese-born American, manager at MBT Associates, San Francisco, also a philanthropist
  • Gertrude Kuh (1893–1977), landscape architect active in the Chicago area
  • Carol J. Weissman Kurth, one of the youngest women to become licensed in New York

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

  • Edith Northman (b. 1893), one of Southern California's first women architects

O[edit]

P[edit]

R[edit]

S[edit]

T[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

  • Astra Zarina (1929–2008), architect and academic
  • Zoka Zola, Croatian-born American architect, active in Chicago since 1990

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

  • Luz Amorocho (b. 1922) first woman to graduate with a degree in architecture in Colombia; Director of Planning at the National University of Colombia from 1966-1988

Uruguay[edit]

  • Giulia Guarino (1897-1985), Italian-born architect, first woman architect in South America [24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adenowo: Branding Nigeria Through Architecture", Sunday Magazine, The Guardian (Nigeria), 15 December 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Jackie Craven. "10 Great Women Architects". About.com. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Hawthorne, Christopher. "Pritzker Prize goes to Wang Shu, 48-year-old Chinese architect". LA Times. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "Cheong Koon Hean". Singapore Women's Hall of Fame. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c Biographies of Women Architects in the United States Archived 2012-03-26 at the Wayback Machine., Association for Research on the City and Housing (Paris). Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  6. ^ Vesna Bugarski (1930-1992) in memoriam
  7. ^ Sokolina, Anna. "In Memoriam: Milka Bliznakov, 1927–2010". Slavic Review. 70 (2/2011): 498–499. 
  8. ^ Eva Jiricna RA, Royal Academy of Arts. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  9. ^ Zeuler R.M. de A. Lima, "Lina Bo Bardi", New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2013. ISBN 9780300154269
  10. ^ http://www.gamlavattentornet.se/Site/Arkitektur.html
  11. ^ "Women as architects". Architectural Association Journal. March 1918. 
  12. ^ "Biriukova, Alexandra". Canadian Women Artists History Iniative. Concordia University. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Grierson, Joan, ed. (2008), For the Record: The First Women in Canadian Architecture, Dundurn Press, p. 40, ISBN 978-1-55002-820-1 
  14. ^ "Winnipeg Architecture Foundation". www.winnipegarchitecture.ca. Retrieved 2017-01-25. 
  15. ^ Joan Grierson (Ed.), For the Record: The First Women in Canadian Architecture, Dundurn Group Ltd. (2008), page 11. ISBN 978-1550028201.
  16. ^ "Elizabeth Carter Brooks (1867-1951)". The New Bedford Historical Society, Inc. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e Sarah Allaback (23 May 2008). The first American women architects. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-03321-6. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "Profile: Los Angeles' Cultural Heritage Commission" (PDF). Office of Historic Resources. Los Angeles City Planning Department. 1 (2): 3. April 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  19. ^ Cassell, Charles Irvin (2004). "Alberta Jeannette Cassell Butler". In Wilson, Dreck Spurlock. African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary 1865-1945. New York: Routledge. pp. 86–87. ISBN 0415929598. 
  20. ^ Miss Fay Kellogg, architect, dies, The New York Times, July 12, 1918. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  21. ^ Tom Mallory (2011). "Top 10 Buildings: Women in Architecture". Architecture. Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  22. ^ [1]
  23. ^ Henderson, D'Ann Sue Denton (30 September 1999). "Georgia Louise Harris Brown". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  24. ^ Del Mese, Massimo (31 January 2009). "Eboli – Battipaglia: Giulia Guarino, una donna da ricordare".