List of female astronauts

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The following is a list of women who have traveled into space, sorted by date of first flight. This list includes Russian cosmonauts, who were the first women in outer space travelers. Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to go to space in 1963, very early in crewed space exploration, and it would be almost twenty years before another flew (Svetlana Savitskaya).

Female astronauts went on to become commonplace in the 1980s and beyond. By 2019, roughly 12% of all the space travelers were women. As of April 2022, there were 73 women with completed spaceflights.

History[edit]

As of August 2022, of the 621 total space travelers (FAI),[1] 70 have been women. There have been one each from France, Italy, South Korea, and the United Kingdom; two each from Canada, China, and Japan; five from the Soviet Union/Russia; and 55 from the United States.[2] The time between the first male and first female astronauts varied widely by country. The first astronauts originally from Britain, South Korea, and Iran were women, while there was a two-year gap in Russia from the first man in space on Vostok 1 to the first woman in space on Vostok 6. The time between the first American man and first American woman in space was 22 years between Freedom 7 and STS-7, respectively. For China, this interval was almost eight and a half years between the Shenzhou 5 and Shenzhou 9 space missions,[3] and for Italy, there was approximately twelve years between the STS-46 and Expedition 42 spaceflights.

A span of 19 years separated the first and second women in space. They were cosmonauts on the Vostok 6 and Soyuz T-7 missions. Though the Soviet Union sent the first two women into space, only five of the women in space have been Russian or Soviet citizens. However, British, French, Italian, dual-citizen Iranian-American and South Korean women have all flown as part of the Soviet and Russian space programs. Similarly, women from Canada, Japan, and America have all flown under the US space program. A span of one year separated the first and second American women in space, as well as the first and second Chinese women in space, taking place on consecutive missions, Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10.

Spacefarers with completed spaceflights[edit]

# Image Name
Birth date
Country Comment Missions (Launch date)
1 RIAN archive 612748 Valentina Tereshkova.jpg Valentina Tereshkova
Mar. 6, 1937
 Soviet Union First woman in space.
Youngest woman in space (aged 26).
Only woman to make a solo spaceflight.
Vostok 6 (Jun. 16, 1963)
2 1983 CPA 5375 (1) (Савицкая).jpg Svetlana Savitskaya
Aug. 8, 1948
 Soviet Union First woman to fly on a space station (Salyut 7, 1982).
First woman to perform a spacewalk (Jul. 25, 1984).
First woman to make two spaceflights.
Soyuz T-5 (Jul. 19, 1982)
Soyuz T-12 (Jul. 17, 1984)
3 Sally Ride (1984).jpg Sally Ride
May 26, 1951
died Jul. 23, 2012
 United States First American woman in space. STS-7 (Jun. 18, 1983)
STS-41-G (Oct. 5, 1984)
4 Judith A. Resnik, official portrait (cropped).jpg Judith Resnik
Apr. 5, 1949
died Jan. 28, 1986
 United States Fourth woman in space, second American woman in space. First Jewish woman in space. Died in the Challenger disaster. STS-41-D (Aug. 30, 1984)
STS-51-L (Jan. 28, 1986)
5 Kathryn D. Sullivan.jpg Kathryn D. Sullivan
Oct. 3, 1951
 United States Second woman to perform a spacewalk. (Oct. 11, 1984). STS-41-G (Oct. 5, 1984)
STS-31 (Apr. 24, 1990)
STS-45 (Mar. 24, 1992)
6 Fisher-a.jpg Anna Lee Fisher
Aug. 24, 1949
 United States First mother in space.[4] STS-51-A (Nov. 8, 1984)
7 MRSeddon.jpg Margaret Rhea Seddon
Nov. 8, 1947
 United States STS-51-D (Apr. 12, 1985)
STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
STS-58 (Oct. 18, 1993)
8 ShannonLucid.jpeg Shannon Lucid
Jan. 14, 1943
 United States First American woman to fly on a space station (Mir, 1996).
First Chinese-born woman in space.
First woman to make a third, a fourth and a fifth spaceflight.
STS-51-G (Jun. 17, 1985)
STS-34 (Oct. 18, 1989)
STS-43 (Aug. 2, 1991)
STS-58 (Oct. 18, 1993)
STS-76/79 (Mar. 22, 1996)
9 Bonnie J. Dunbar.jpg Bonnie J. Dunbar
Mar. 3, 1949
 United States STS-61-A (Oct. 30, 1985)
STS-32 (Jan. 9, 1990)
STS-50 (Jun. 25, 1992)
STS-71 (Jun. 27, 1995)
STS-89 (Jan. 22, 1998)
10 Mary Cleave.jpg Mary L. Cleave
Feb. 5, 1947
 United States STS-61-B (Nov. 26, 1985)
STS-30 (May 4, 1989)
11 Ellen Louise Shulman Baker.jpg Ellen S. Baker
Apr. 27, 1953
 United States STS-34 (Oct. 18, 1989)
STS-50 (Jun. 25, 1992)
STS-71 (Jun. 27, 1995)
12 KathrynThornton.jpg Kathryn C. Thornton
Aug. 17, 1952
 United States Third woman to walk in space.
First woman to make multiple EVAs (May 14–15, 1992, Dec. 6, 1993, Dec. 8, 1993)
STS-33 (Nov. 22, 1989)
STS-49 (May 7, 1992)
STS-61 (Dec. 2, 1993)
STS-73 (Oct. 20, 1995)
13 Marsha Ivins.jpg Marsha Ivins
Apr. 15, 1951
 United States STS-32 (Jan. 9, 1990)
STS-46 (Jul. 31, 1992)
STS-62 (Mar. 4, 1994)
STS-81 (Jan. 12, 1997)
STS-98 (Feb. 7, 2001)
14 Linda Godwin.jpg Linda M. Godwin
Jul. 2, 1952
 United States Fourth woman to walk in space (March 27, 1996, Dec. 10, 2001) STS-37 (Apr. 5, 1991)
STS-59 (Apr. 9, 1994)
STS-76 (Mar. 22, 1996)
STS-108 (Dec. 5, 2001)
15 Dr. Helen Sharman.jpg Helen Sharman
May 30, 1963
 United Kingdom First British citizen in space.
Second woman to fly on a space station (Mir, 1991).
Soyuz TM-12/TM-11 (May 18, 1991)
16 Tamara E. Jernigan.jpg Tamara E. Jernigan
May 7, 1959
 United States Fifth woman to walk in space (May 30, 1999) STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
STS-52 (Oct. 22, 1992)
STS-67 (Mar. 2, 1995)
STS-80 (Nov. 19, 1996)
STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
17 Millie Hughes-Fulford.jpg Millie Hughes-Fulford
Dec. 21, 1945
died Feb. 2, 2021
 United States First female payload specialist. STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
18 Roberta Bondar.jpg Roberta Bondar
Dec. 4, 1945
 Canada First Canadian woman in space.
First Ukrainian Canadian woman in space.
STS-42 (Jan. 22, 1992)
19 Jan Davis.jpg Nancy Jan Davis
Nov. 1, 1953
 United States Went to space with her husband, Mark C. Lee in 1992.
They were the first married couple to go to space together.
STS-47 (Sep. 12, 1992)
STS-60 (Feb. 3, 1994)
STS-85 (Aug. 7, 1997)
20 Mae Carol Jemison.jpg Mae Jemison
Oct. 17, 1956
 United States First African American woman in space STS-47 (Sep. 12, 1992)
21 SJHelms.jpg Susan J. Helms
Feb. 26, 1958
 United States The sixth woman to walk in space (March 11, 2001).
The longest duration EVA by a woman (8h 56m).[5]
STS-54 (Jan. 13, 1993)
STS-64 (Sep. 9, 1994)
STS-78 (Jun. 20, 1996)
STS-101 (May 19, 2000)
STS-102/105 (Mar. 8, 2001)
22 Ellen Ochoa.jpg Ellen Ochoa
May 10, 1958
 United States First Hispanic woman in space. STS-56 (Apr. 8, 1993)
STS-66 (Nov. 3, 1994)
STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
STS-110 (Apr. 8, 2002)
23 Janice Voss.jpg Janice E. Voss
Oct. 8, 1956
died Feb. 6, 2012
 United States STS-57 (Jun. 21, 1993)
STS-63 (Feb. 3, 1995)
STS-83 (Apr. 4, 1997)
STS-94 (Jul. 1, 1997)
STS-99 (Feb. 11, 2000)
24 Nancy Currie.jpg Nancy J. Currie
Dec. 29, 1958
 United States STS-57 (Jun. 21, 1993)
STS-70 (Jul. 13, 1995)
STS-88 (Dec. 4, 1998)
STS-109 (Mar. 1, 2002)
25 Chiaki Mukai.jpg Chiaki Mukai
May 6, 1952
 Japan First Japanese woman and a first Asian woman in space. STS-65 (Jul. 8, 1994)
STS-95 (Oct. 29, 1998)
26 Yelena Kondakova.jpg Yelena V. Kondakova
Mar. 30, 1957
 Russia First Russian woman to travel in 2 different spacecraft, Soyuz TM-20 and STS-84 both were on trips to Mir Space Station, and 1st Russian woman to travel on the Space Shuttle. Soyuz TM-20 (Oct. 3, 1994)
STS-84 (May 15, 1997)
27 Commander Eileen Collins - GPN-2000-001177.jpg Eileen Collins
Nov. 19, 1956
 United States First female shuttle pilot and shuttle commander. STS-63 (Feb. 3, 1995)
STS-84 (May 15, 1997)
STS-93 (Jul. 23, 1999)
STS-114 (Jul. 26, 2005)
28 Wendy Lawrence NASA STS114.jpg Wendy B. Lawrence
Jul. 2, 1959
 United States STS-67 (Mar. 2, 1995)
STS-86 (Sep. 25, 1997)
STS-91 (Jun. 2, 1998)
STS-114 (Jul. 26, 2005)
29 Mary Ellen Weber.jpg Mary E. Weber
Aug. 24, 1962
 United States STS-70 (Jul. 13, 1995)
STS-101 (May 19, 2000)
30 Catherine Coleman 2009.jpg Catherine Coleman
Dec. 14, 1960
 United States STS-73 (Oct. 20, 1995)
STS-93 (Jul. 23, 1999)
Soyuz TMA-20 (Dec. 15, 2010)
31 HaignereClaudie.jpg Claudie Haigneré
May 13, 1957
 France First Frenchwoman in space. 1996 flight as Claudie André-Deshays Soyuz TM-24/TM-23 (Aug. 17, 1996)
Soyuz TM-33/32 (Oct. 21, 2001)
32 Susan Still-Kilrain.jpg Susan Still Kilrain
Oct. 24, 1961
 United States Second female shuttle pilot. STS-83 (Apr. 4, 1997)
STS-94 (Jul. 1, 1997)
33 Kalpana Chawla, NASA photo portrait in orange suit.jpg Kalpana Chawla
Jul. 1, 1961
died Feb. 1, 2003
 United States First Asian American (Indian origin, naturalized U.S. citizen) woman in space. First Hindu in space. Died in the Columbia disaster. STS-87 (Nov. 19, 1997)
STS-107 (Jan. 16, 2003)
34 Kathryn P. Hire.jpg Kathryn P. Hire
Aug. 26, 1959
 United States STS-90 (Apr. 17, 1998)
STS-130 (Feb. 8, 2010)
35 JanetLKavandi-NASA.jpg Janet L. Kavandi
Jul. 17, 1959
 United States STS-91 (Jun. 2, 1998)
STS-99 (Feb. 11, 2000)
STS-104 (Jul. 12, 2001)
36 Julie Payette CSA.jpg Julie Payette
Oct. 20, 1963
 Canada Second Canadian woman in space.
First French Canadian woman in space.
Would become Governor General of Canada.
STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
STS-127 (Jul. 15, 2009)
37 Pamela Melroy.jpg Pamela Melroy
Sep. 17, 1961
 United States Second female shuttle commander. STS-92 (Oct. 11, 2000)
STS-112 (Oct. 7, 2002)
STS-120 (Oct. 23, 2007)
38 Peggy Whitson.jpg Peggy Whitson
Feb. 9, 1960
 United States Most time in space (cumulative) for a US astronaut (665 days)
Seventh woman to walk in space (Aug. 16, 2002, Nov. 9, 2007, Nov. 20, 2007, Nov. 24, 2007, Dec. 18, 2007, Jan. 30, 2007, Jan. 6, 2017, Mar. 30, 2017, May 12, 2017, May 23, 2017).
Most EVAs (10) and most time spent on EVA (60 hrs 21 min)[6] of all female space travelers.
First female ISS commander (ISS Expedition 16).
STS-111/113 (Jun. 5, 2002)
Soyuz TMA-11 (Oct. 10, 2007)
Soyuz MS-03/04 (Nov. 17, 2016)
39 Sandra Magnus 2011.jpg Sandra Magnus
Oct. 30, 1964
 United States STS-112 (Oct. 7, 2002)
STS-126/119 (Nov. 14, 2008)
STS-135 (Jul. 8, 2011)
40 Laurel Clark, NASA photo portrait in blue suit.jpg Laurel B. Clark
Mar. 10, 1961
died Feb. 1, 2003
 United States Died in the Columbia disaster. STS-107 (Jan. 16, 2003)
41 Stephanie D. Wilson.jpg Stephanie Wilson
Sep. 27, 1966
 United States STS-121 (Jul. 4, 2006)
STS-120 (Oct. 23, 2007)
STS-131 (Apr. 5, 2010)
42 Lisa M. Nowak.jpg Lisa Nowak
May 10, 1963
 United States STS-121 (Jul. 4, 2006)
43 Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper in white space suit.jpg Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-Piper
Feb. 7, 1963
 United States Eighth woman to walk in space (Sep. 12, 2006, Sep. 15, 2006, Nov. 18-19, 2008, Nov. 20-21, 2008, Nov. 22-23, 2008).
First Ukrainian American woman in space.
STS-115 (Sep. 9, 2006)
STS-126 (Nov. 14, 2008)
44 AnoushehAnsari.jpg Anousheh Ansari
Sep. 12, 1966
 Iran /  United States Fourth space tourist and first female space tourist.
First Iranian and a first Muslim woman in space.
Soyuz TMA-9/8 (Sep. 18, 2006)
45 Sunita Williams.jpg Sunita Williams
Sep. 19, 1965[7]
 United States Ninth woman to walk in space (Dec. 16, 2006, Jan. 31, 2007, Feb. 4, 2007, Feb. 8, 2007, Aug. 30, 2012, Sep. 5, 2012).[7] STS-116/117 (Dec. 9, 2006)[7]
Soyuz TMA-05M (Jul. 15, 2012)
46 Joan Higginbotham.jpg Joan Higginbotham
Aug. 3, 1964
 United States STS-116 (Dec. 9, 2006)
47 Tracy E Caldwell portrait.jpg Tracy Caldwell Dyson
Aug. 14, 1969
 United States Eleventh woman to walk in space (Aug. 7, 2010, Aug. 11, 2010, Aug. 16, 2010). First astronaut born after Apollo 11 flight.[8] STS-118 (Aug. 8, 2007)
Soyuz TMA-18 (Apr. 2, 2010).
48 Barbara morgan.jpg Barbara Morgan
Nov. 28, 1951
 United States First educator astronaut
Originally part as a backup crew of the Teacher in Space Project.
Oldest woman in space by the time of first flight (aged 55).
STS-118 (Aug. 8, 2007)
49 Yi So-yeon (NASA - JSC2008-E-004174).jpg Yi So-yeon
Jun. 2, 1978
 South Korea First Korean in space. Soyuz TMA-12 (Apr. 8, 2008)
50 Karen nyberg v2.jpg Karen L. Nyberg
Oct. 7, 1969
 United States STS-124 (May 31, 2008)
Soyuz TMA-09M (May 28, 2013)
51 Meganmcarthurv2.jpg K. Megan McArthur
Aug. 30, 1971
 United States STS-125 (May 11, 2009)
SpaceX Crew-2 (Apr. 23, 2021)
52 Nicole Stott v2.jpg Nicole P. Stott
Nov. 11, 1962
 United States Tenth woman to walk in space (Sep. 1–2, 2009). STS-128/129 (Aug. 28, 2009)
STS-133 (Feb. 24, 2011)
53 Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger JSC2004-E-40090.jpg Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger
May 15, 1975
 United States First Space Camp alumna to become an astronaut STS-131 (Apr. 5, 2010)
54 Naoko Yamazaki.jpg Naoko Yamazaki
Dec. 27, 1970
 Japan STS-131 (Apr. 5, 2010)
55 ShannonWalker.jpg Shannon Walker
Jun. 4, 1965
 United States First Native Houstonian to go aboard the International Space Station. She returned to space for her second long duration mission on 15 November 2020, onboard SpaceX Crew-1, the first operational flight of SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft. Soyuz TMA-19 (Jun. 15, 2010)
SpaceX Crew-1 (Nov. 15, 2020)
56 LIU Yang CUHK 2012.JPG Liu Yang
Oct. 6, 1978
 China First Chinese woman in space. Shenzhou 9 (Jun. 16, 2012), Shenzhou 14 (Jun. 5, 2022)
57 Wang Yaping in 2021.jpg Wang Yaping
Jan. 27, 1980
 China Sixteenth woman to walk in space (November 7, 2021) during Shenzhou 13.
First Chinese female astronaut to walk in space.
Shenzhou 10 (Jun. 11, 2013)
Shenzhou 13 (Oct. 15, 2021)
58 Elena Serova food tasting - crop.jpg Yelena Serova
Apr. 22, 1976
 Russia Member of ISS Expedition 41. First Russian woman to visit the ISS.[9] Soyuz TMA-14M (Sep. 25, 2014)
59 Samantha Cristoforetti portrait.jpg Samantha Cristoforetti
Apr. 26, 1977
 Italy ESA Astronaut. First Italian woman in space and first Italian woman on ISS. Expedition 42/43. Soyuz TMA-15M (Nov. 23, 2014)
SpaceX Crew-4 (Apr. 27, 2022)
60 Kathleen Rubins portrait.jpg Kathleen Rubins
Oct. 14, 1978
 United States Twelfth woman to walk in space (Aug. 19, 2016, Sep. 01, 2016) during ISS Expedition 48. Soyuz MS-01 (Jul. 6, 2016)
Soyuz MS-17 (Oct. 14, 2020)
61 Serena M. Aunon, NASA astronaut candidate.jpg Serena Auñón-Chancellor
Apr 9, 1976
 United States Soyuz MS-09 (Jun. 6, 2018)
62 Anne C. McClain portrait.jpg Anne McClain
Jun. 7, 1979
 United States Thirteenth woman to walk in space (Mar. 22, 2019, Apr. 08, 2019) during ISS Expedition 59. Soyuz MS-11 (Dec. 3, 2018)
63 Beth Moses
May 29, 1969
 United States The first woman to make a spaceflight (US Department of Defense classification i.e. >50 mi (80.47 km)) on a commercially launched vehicle. The maximum altitude achieved was 295,007 ft (55.87 mi, 89.92 km).[10] VSS Unity VF-01 (Feb. 22, 2019)
64 Christina M. Hammock portrait.jpg Christina Koch
Feb 2, 1979
 United States Fourteenth woman to walk in space (Mar 29, 2019) during ISS Expedition 59. Jointly with Jessica Meir, became the first two women to undertake an all-female EVA during ISS Expedition 61. Location: ISS (11:38 UTC, Oct 18, 2019)[11] Greatest continuous number of days in space for a female. She returned to Earth on Thursday, February 6, 2020 after 328 days in space.[12][13] Soyuz MS-12/13 (Mar. 14, 2019)
65 Jessica U. Meir portrait.jpg Jessica Meir
Jul. 15, 1977
 United States /  Sweden Fifteenth woman to walk in space (Oct 18, 2019) during ISS Expedition 61. Jointly with Christina Hammock Koch, became the first two women to undertake an all-female EVA. Location: ISS (11:38 UTC, Oct 18, 2019) Soyuz MS-15 (Sep. 25, 2019)
66 Sirisha Bandla
C. 1988
 United States Vice President of Government Affairs and Research Operations, Virgin Galactic.[14] Virgin Galactic Unity 22 (Jul. 11, 2021)
67 Seven Members of the First Lady Astronaut Trainees in 1995 - GPN-2002-000196-crop.jpg Wally Funk
Feb. 1, 1939
 United States Blue Origin NS-16 (Jul. 20, 2021)
68 Dr. Sian Proctor at Launch Complex 39A.jpg Sian Proctor
Mar. 26, 1970
 United States Inspiration4 (Sep. 16, 2021)
69 Hayley Arceneaux (cropped).jpg Hayley Arceneaux
Dec. 9, 1991
 United States Inspiration4 (Sep. 16, 2021)
70 Юлия Пересильд 2017.jpg Yulia Peresild
Sep. 5, 1984
 Russia First actress in space, filming footage for a movie on Channel One Russia aboard the International Space Station Soyuz MS-19 (Oct. 5, 2021)
71 Audrey Powers
 United States Vice president of mission and flight operations of Blue Origin. Blue Origin NS-18 (Oct. 13, 2021)
72 SpaceX Crew-3 Mission Specialist Kayla Barron.jpg Kayla Barron
Sep. 19, 1987
 United States NASA Astronaut Group 22, "The Turtles", 2017. SpaceX Crew-3 (Nov. 10, 2021)
73 Jessica Watkins official portrait.jpg Jessica Watkins
May 14, 1988
 United States NASA Astronaut Group 22, "The Turtles", 2017 SpaceX Crew-4 (Apr. 27, 2022)

Other astronauts and astronaut candidates[edit]

# Image Name Birth date
Death date
Country Comment
1 Nicole Aunapu Mann portrait.jpg Nicole Aunapu Mann June 27, 1977  United States NASA Astronaut Group 21, "The 8 Balls", 2013. Currently set to travel on SpaceX Crew-5.
2 Jeanette J. Epps.jpg Jeanette J. Epps Nov. 2, 1970  United States NASA Astronaut Group 20, "The Chumps", 2009. Epps had been selected for Expedition 56, set to travel by Soyuz MS-09 to the International Space Station in May 2018, but on January 16, 2018, NASA announced that Epps had been replaced by her backup Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor. Currently set to travel on Boeing Starliner-1.
3 Patricia Robertson.jpg Patricia Robertson Mar. 12, 1963
Died May 24, 2001
 United States NASA Astronaut Group 17, "The Penguins", 1998
4 Nadezhda Kuzhelnaya Nov. 6, 1962  Russia Retired May 27, 2004
5 Marianne Merchez Nov. 25, 1960  Belgium Retired 1995
6 Yvonne Cagle.jpg Yvonne Cagle Apr. 24, 1959  United States Retired with the rank of Colonel in 2008.[15]
7 ChristaMcAuliffe.jpg Christa McAuliffe September 2, 1948
died Jan. 28, 1986
 United States Part of the Teacher in Space Project. Would be the first private citizen in space. Died on the Challenger, January 28, 1986. Mission launched, but did not cross the Kármán line. The crew cabin peaked approx. 70,000 ft (above the Armstrong limit)
8 Tatyana Kuznetsova Jul. 14, 1941
died Aug. 23, 2018
 Soviet Union Retired 1969
9 Zhanna Yorkina May 6, 1939
died May 25, 2015
 Soviet Union Retired 1969
10 Irina Solovyova Sep. 6, 1937  Soviet Union Retired 1969
11 Valentina Ponomaryova Sep. 18, 1933  Soviet Union Retired 1969
12 Jenni Sidey official portrait.jpg Jennifer Sidey-Gibbons August 3, 1988  Canada 2017 CSA Group
13 Zena Cardman portrait.jpg Zena Cardman October 26, 1987  United States NASA Astronaut Group 22, "The Turtles", 2017
14 Jasmin Moghbeli official portrait.jpg Jasmin Moghbeli June 24, 1983  United States NASA Astronaut Group 22, "The Turtles", 2017
15 Loral O'Hara portrait.jpg Loral O'Hara May 3, 1983  United States NASA Astronaut Group 22, "The Turtles", 2017
16 Anna Kikina 2013.jpg Anna Kikina August 24, 1987  Russia 2012 TsPK – Addition Group
17 Pavilhão Suécia - Expo Dubai 2020 (51665275076) (cropped).jpg Nora Al Matrooshi 1993  United Arab Emirates Emirati Astronaut Group 2
18 Johanna Maislinger 1985  Austria Spaceflight participant candidate
19 Yumi Matsutoya 1954  Japan Singer. Spaceflight participant candidate to travel on Soyuz MS-20.
20 Pratiwi Sudarmono July 31, 1952  Indonesia Was initially selected for STS-61-H mission. Cancelled after Challenger disaster. Retired.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Astronaut/Cosmonaut Statistics". World Space Flight. Retrieved 2022-08-30.
  2. ^ "Astronaut/Cosmonaut Statistics - More". World Space Flight. Retrieved 2022-08-30.
  3. ^ "Women in Space: Timeline of Achievements and Events".
  4. ^ "NASA - First Mother in Space, Mars Team to Be at NASA Langley Open House". www.nasa.gov.
  5. ^ "Astronaut/Cosmonaut Statistics". www.worldspaceflight.com. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  6. ^ Spacefacts (2017). "Astronauts and Cosmonauts with EVA Experience (sorted by "EVA Time")". Spacefacts. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c NASA (2009). "Sunita L. Williams (Commander, USN)". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved October 26, 2009.
  8. ^ "Astronaut Tracy Caldwell & "Officer Phil" Konstantin's KUSI TV 9/51 Page". americanindian.net.
  9. ^ "Privyet, Elena Serova! Space Station Welcomes Its First Russian Woman". NBC News. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Virgin Galactic Makes Space for Second Time In Ten Weeks with Three On Board, Reaching Higher Altitudes and Faster Speeds, as Flight Test Program Continues". Virgin Galactic. 22 February 2019.
  11. ^ "NASA Astronauts Make History with 1st All-Woman Spacewalk". Space. 18 October 2019. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  12. ^ Northon, Karen (2020-02-06). "Record-Setting NASA Astronaut, Crewmates Return from Space Station". NASA. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  13. ^ Pearlman 2019-12-29T00:29:47Z, Robert Z. (29 December 2019). "Astronaut Christina Koch Breaks Record for Longest Space Mission by a Woman". Space.com. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
  14. ^ Chang, Kenneth (2021-07-11). "Who were the crew members aboard the flight?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  15. ^ Mars, Kelli (2015-02-11). "Johnson Space Center Home". NASA. Retrieved 2020-01-28.