List of female chefs with Michelin stars

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Anne-Sophie Pic (left) and Carme Ruscalleda (right), two female chefs who hold three Michelin stars

Women chefs were among some of the earliest to be awarded Michelin stars. Within the Michelin Guide, stars were first introduced in 1926 with the present three star system added in 1931. When three stars were first awarded in 1933, two female chefs, Eugénie Brazier and Marie Bourgeois, were among them. Several female chefs have been awarded three stars since, including Marguerite Bise, Sophie Bise, Nadia Santini, Elena Arzak, Clare Smyth, Anne-Sophie Pic and Carme Ruscalleda.

In recent years, the number of male chefs awarded stars has greatly outnumbered those given to women. However, there has been an increase in the number of women from different nations awarded, due to the expansion of the areas covered by the guide. The lack of women holding stars has repeatedly led to criticism of the Michelin Guide, who have in turn pointed to the lack of female chefs overall in the industry.

History[edit]

The Michelin Guide was first published in 1900 in France, to promote driving. In 1926, it began to specialise in fine dining reviews, introducing a single star system. The current three star system began in 1931,[1][2] although three stars were not awarded until the 1933 edition.[3][4]

The first women chefs to hold three Michelin stars came in that 1933 edition to Eugénie Brazier and Marie Bourgeois, although Brazier won three stars at both of her La Mère Brazier restaurants in Lyon and at Col de la Luère. She held all six for 20 years, and her record for holding the most stars stood until beaten by Alain Ducasse in 1998.[3] It then stood as the record for a female chef, until Carme Ruscalleda won her seventh star across several restaurants.[5]

Recent awards[edit]

Following the Second World War, Marguerite Bise became the third woman to win three Michelin stars, at her restaurant Auberge du Père Bise in 1950. It is then often reported that there was a 50-year gap before Anne-Sophie Pic became the fourth woman to win a set of three stars,[6][7][8][9] despite Bise's granddaughter Sophie regaining the family restaurant's three stars in 1985,[10] and similar awards made by Michelin to female chefs such as Nadia Santini,[11] Elena Arzak and Clare Smyth in the interim.[12][13]

While the number of women chefs with Michelin stars have been increasing in recent years, they are still relatively few in number. This is due in part to the percentage of female chefs; 4.7% of chefs in the United States are women, while the figure is 20% in the United Kingdom.[14] The low number of female chefs with stars has led to criticism of the Michelin Guide, alongside other issues such as the pay gap between male and female chefs.[15]

The problem was raised with Michelin director Michael Ellis following the publication of the 2018 New York City edition, who said that the company "can't do anything" to resolve it. Subsequently, a spokesperson said "Increasingly, more women are entering the profession in this country and around the world. Michelin is not involved in culinary education or recruitment. We deeply value diversity of all kinds and are pleased to see the trend toward greater diversity in the culinary field."[16]

List of female chefs with Michelin stars[edit]

Key

  • under Chef Patron This symbol denotes chefs who won a Michelin star as an executive chef under a Chef Patron, who is also considered to have won the star.
  • As co-executive chef This symbol denotes chefs who won a Michelin star as a co-executive chef alongside another chef.
  • Initially under Chef Patron or as co-executive chef, but later on her own This symbol denotes chefs who initially held stars under a Chef Patron or as a co-executive chef, but then later retained or earned those stars on their own.
List of women chefs with Michelin stars
Chef Restaurant[Note 1] Location Country Cuisine Year to star Ref(s)
1 Michelin star 2 Michelin stars 3 Michelin stars
Lisa Allen Northcote Langho, Lancashire United Kingdom British 2004 [17]
Myrtle Allen Ballymaloe House Shanagarry, County Cork Ireland Irish 1975 [18]
Aurelie Altemaireunder Chef Patron L'Atelier de Joël Robuchon Covent Garden, London United Kingdom French [19]
Garima Arora Gaa Bangkok Thailand Indian 2018 [20]
Elena ArzakAs co-executive chef Arzak San Sebastián Spain New Basque 1998 [12]
Frances Atkins Yorke Arms Ramsgill, North Yorkshire United Kingdom British 2003 [21]
Nieves Barragán Mohacho Barrafina Covent Garden, London United Kingdom Spanish 2013 [22]
Danni Barry Eipic Belfast, Northern Ireland United Kingdom European 2016 [23]
Virginie Basselot Saint James Paris Paris, Île-de-France France French 2014 [24]
Caroline Baum Reisers am Stein Würzburg, Bavaria Germany 2013 [25]
Emma Bengtsson Restaurant Aquavit New York City, New York United States Nordic 2014 2014[Note 2] [27][28][26]
Erika Bergheim Nero Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany [29]
Heidi Bjerkan Credo Trondheim, Trøndelag Norway Norwegian 2019 [30]
April Bloomfield The Spotted Pig New York City, New York United States Modern American 2005 [31]
Marie Bourgeois La Mère Bourgeois Priay, Ain France French 1932 [3]
Cristina Bowerman Glass Hostaria Rome, Lazio Italy Molecular gastronomy 2010 [32]
Nicola BraidwoodAs co-executive chef Braidwoods Dalry, North Ayrshire United Kingdom Scottish 2000 [33][34]
Tessa Bramley Old Vicaridge Sheffield, South Yorkshire United Kingdom [29]
Eugénie Brazier La Mère Brazier Lyon, Rhône France French 1968 1932 [3][35]
Marguerite Bise Auberge du Père Bise Talloires-Montmin, Haute-Savoie France French 1950 [36]
Sophie Bise Auberge du Père Bise Talloires-Montmin, Haute-Savoie France French 1983 1985 [10]
Shelley CerneantAs co-executive chef Applewood Inn Guerneville, California United States American 2011 [37]
Laetitia CosnierAs co-executive chef Côté Cuisine Carnac, Morbihan France French 2019 [38]
Nolwenn Corre Hostellerie de la Pointe Saint-Mathieu Le Conquet, Finistère France French 2019 [38]
Dominique Crenn Atelier Crenn San Francisco, California United States French 2012 2019 [39]
Naoëlle D’Hainaut L’Or Q’idée Pontoise, Île-de-France France French 2019 [38]
Hélène Darroze Restaurant Hélène Darroze Paris, Île-de-France France French 2003 [40][41]
Amélie Darvas Äponem - Auberge du Presbytère Vailhan, Hérault France French 2019 [38]
Lydia Egloff La Bonne Auberge Forbach, Moselle France French [42]
Nicole Fagegaltier Le Vieux Pont Belcastel, Tarn France French [42]
Jay Fai Raan Jay Fai Bangkok, Central Thailand Thailand Thai street food 2017 [43]
Annie Féolde Enoteca Pinchiorri Florence, Tuscany Italy Italian 1981 1982 1992 [44]
Sharon Frannais Le Pẻchẻ Gourmand Briançon, Hautes-Alpes France French [42]
Virginie Giboire Racines Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine France French 2019 [38]
Tanja Grandits Restaurant Stucki Basel, Basel-Stadt Switzerland German 2009 2012 [45]
Adeline Grattard Yam'tcha Paris, Île-de-France France French/Chinese fusion 2010 [42]
Suzette Gresham Acquarello San Francisco, California United States Italian 2014 [46]
Rose GrayAs co-executive chef The River Café Hammersmith, London United Kingdom Italian 1998 [29]
Maria Groβ Clara-Restaurant im Kaisersaal Erfurt, Thuringia Germany 2013 [25]
Sarah Grueneberg Spiaggia Chicago, Illinois United States Italian
Katell Guillou Toit pour Toi Schouweiler, Dippach Luxembourg French 2006 [47]
Skye Gyngell Petersham Nurseries Cafe Richmond, London United Kingdom European 2010 [48]
Elizabeth Haigh Pidgin Hackney, London United Kingdom British 2016 [49]
Angela Hartnett Initially under Chef Patron or as co-executive chef, but later on her own Angela Hartnett at The Connaught Mayfair, London United Kingdom Italian 2004 [50]
Catherine Healy Dunderry Lodge Navan, County Meath Ireland Irish 1986 [51]
Sarah Henke Spices Sylt, Schleswig-Holstein Germany 2013 [25]
Georgianna Hiliadakiunder Chef Patron Funky Gourmet Keramikos, Athens Greece Contemporary Greek 2012 2014 [52][53]
Rachel Humphreyunder Chef Patron Le Gavroche Mayfair, London United Kingdom French 2007 [54]
Celia Jiménez El Lago Marbella, Province of Málaga Spain Spanish [55]
Chiho KanzakiAs co-executive chef Virtus Paris, Île-de-France Japan French 2019 [38]
Karen Keygnaert Restaurant A'Qi Bruges, West Flanders Belgium Asian/European fusion 2012 [56]
Beverly KimAs co-executive chef Parachute Chicago, Illinois United States Korean fusion 2016 [57]
Anita Klemensen Den Røde Cottage Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark Denmark New Nordic 2011 [58]
Julia Komp Loersfeld Castle Kerpen, North Rhine-Westphalia Germany German 2016 [59]
Nicole KrasinskiAs co-executive chef State Bird Provisions San Francisco, California United States 2014
Vicky Lau Tate Dining Room and Bar Hong Kong China French/Japanese fusion 2013 [60]
Karina Laval As co-executive chef Le Château de Vault-de-Lugny Vault-de-Lugny, Yonne France French 2019 [38]
Stéphanie Le Quellec La Scẻne Paris, Île-de-France France French [42]
Kwen LiewAs co-executive chef Pertinence Paris, Île-de-France France 2018 [61]
Liya LinAs co-executive chef Terrapin Creek Bodega Bay, California United States Californian 2011 [62]
Léa Linster Restaurant Léa Linster Frisange, Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg French 1987 [63]
Anita Lo Annisa New York City, New York United States 2006 [64]
Anne Majourel La Coquerie Sète, Hérault France French [42]
Luisa Marelli Valazza Al Sorriso Soriso, Piedmont Italy Italian 1982 1989 1998
María Marte El Club Allard Madrid, Community of Madrid Spain Spanish 2012
Françoise Mutel La Maison Dans le Parc Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle France French [42]
Carrie Nahabedian NAHA Chicago, Illinois United States Modern European
Niki Nakayama n/naka Los Angeles United States Kaiseki 2019 [65]
Nancy Oakes Boulevard San Francisco, California United States New American
Camille PailleauAs co-executive chef Rozó Lille, Nord France French 2019 [38]
Camilla Parkner Basement Gothenburg, Västra Götaland County Sweden Swedish 2011 [66]
Melissa Perello Fifth Floor San Francisco, California United States Modern American 2006
Anne-Sophie Pic Maison Pic Valence, Drôme France French 1997 2007 [36]
Kei Pilz Shiro Ahakista, County Cork Ireland Japanese 1996
Helena Puolakkaunder Chef Patron La Tante Claire Chelsea, London United Kingdom French 2001 [67]
Titti Qvarnström Bloom in the Park Malmö, Skåne County Sweden New Nordic 2015 [68]
Iliana Regan Elizabeth Restaurant Chicago, Illinois United States New American 2014 [69]
Fanny Rey L'Auberge Reine Jeanne Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône France French 2017 [70]
Missy Robbins A Voce Chicago, Illinois United States Italian 2009 [71]
Ruth RogersAs co-executive chef The River Café Hammersmith, London United Kingdom Italian 1998 [29]
Andrée Rosier Les Rosiers Biarritz, Pyrénées-Atlantiques France French [42]
Marie Rougier-Salvat La Tour des Vents Bergerac, Dordogne France French [42]
Carme Ruscalleda Sant Pau Sant Pol de Mar, Catalonia Spain Traditional Catalan 1991 1996 2009
Reine Sammut Auberge la Feniẻre Lourmarin, Vaucluse France French [42]
Nadia Santini Dal Pescatore Canneto sull'Oglio, Province of Mantua Italy Italian 1996 [11]
Alexandra Seelinger Aquarello Munich, Bavaria Germany [29]
Julia Sedefdjian Baieta Paris, Île-de-France France French 2019 [38]
Anna Sgroi Restaurant Anna Sgroi Hamburg Germany 2013 [25]
Nancy Silverton Osteria Mozza Los Angeles United States Italian 2009 [72]
Clare Smythunder Chef Patron Restaurant Gordon Ramsay Chelsea, London United Kingdom French 2006 [13]
Douce Steiner Hirschen Sulzburg Sulzburg, Baden-Württemberg Germany German 2008 2012 [73]
Ulrike Stoebe Landhaus Mühlenberg Zemmer, Rhineland-Palatinate Germany [29]
Ayumi Sugiyama Accents Table Bourse Paris, Île-de-France Japan French 2019 [38]
Pim Techamuanvivit Kin Khao San Francisco United States Thai 2015 [74]
Mi-Ra Thuillant L'Essentiel Deauville, Calvados France 2018 [75]
Rosa Tschudi Tschudi Dübendorf, Canton of Zürich Switzerland French
Michèle Visciano Michel - Brasserie des Catalans Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône France French [42]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The restaurant and location listed reference the location where the highest number of stars was awarded to the chef. Where there are multiple restaurants, the earliest one is displayed.
  2. ^ Bengtsson was promoted from pastry chef to head chef of Restaurant Aquavit in April 2014 while it held one Michelin star, it was promoted to two star status later that year.[26]

References[edit]

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