List of female classical conductors

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The following is a sortable list of female classical conductors. Classical conductors work with orchestras, opera companies, ballet companies and choral groups. Many of the "disparities of treatment between men and women choral conductors [...] date back to the days prior to work-place initiatives against sexual harassment."[1] Women conductors have had to work hard for "acceptance in roles of authority" in the world of classical music.[2] Conducting orchestras has been called a glass ceiling by the BBC.[3]

Name Image Country Orchestras Born Died Notes
Alsop, MarinMarin Alsop United States Colorado Symphony Orchestra
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo
1956 -- First female conductor of the Last Night of the Proms in 2013[4]
Andrée, ElfridaElfrida Andrée Andrée, Elfrida i VJ 6 1916.jpg Sweden 1841 1929 [5]
Belinfante, FriedaFrieda Belinfante Netherlands Orange County Philharmonic 1904 1995 [6]
Badstue, MariaMaria Badstue Denmark Gothenburg Symphony, Odense Symphony Orchestra, Aalborg Symphony Orchestra 1982 -- [7]
Ben-Dor, GiseleGisele Ben-Dor Israel Houston Symphony, Louisville Orchestra, Israel Philharmonic 1955 -- [8]
Bouchard, LindaLinda Bouchard Canada 1957 -- [9]
Boulanger, NadiaNadia Boulanger Nadia Boulanger 1925.jpg France London Philharmonic Orchestra, BBC Symphony, New York Philharmonic 1887 1979 First woman to conduct the London Philharmonic Orchestra.[10]
Brico, Antonia LouisaAntonia Louisa Brico Antonia Brico 1940.jpg Netherlands New York Philharmonic, Denver Community Symphony 1902 1989 First woman to conduct the New York Philharmonic.[11]
Carneiro, JoanaJoana Carneiro Portugal Orquestra Metropolitana de Lisboa, Gulbenkian Orchestra, Berkeley Symphony, Orquestra Sinfónica Portuguesa 1976 --
Elim Chan Hong Kong Mariinsky Theater Orchestra 1987 --
Chang, Han-naHan-na Chang South Korea Philharmonia Orchestra 1982 -- [12]
Chen, Mei-AnnMei-Ann Chen United States Chicago Sinfonietta, Memphis Symphony Orchestra 1973 -- [13]
Coleridge-Taylor, AvrilAvril Coleridge-Taylor United Kingdom Royal Albert Hall, Royal Marines 1903 1998 First female conductor of the H.M.S Royal Marines.

[14]

Csányi, ValériaValéria Csányi Hungary Hungarian Opera, since 1983 1958
de la Parra, AlondraAlondra de la Parra Mexico Queensland Symphony Orchestra 1980 -- First female conductor at the Queensland Symphony Orchestra.[15]
Derkēvica, AusmaAusma Derkēvica Latvia 1929 2011 [16]
Digby, SuziSuzi Digby United Kingdom Royal Albert Hall, St John's, Smith Square, St James's Church, Piccadilly 1958 -- [17]
Dudarova, VeronikaVeronika Dudarova Veronika Dudarova conductor.jpg Russia Junior conductor of the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
Principal conductor of the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
Symphony Orchestra of Russia
1916 2009 First 20th century female symphony orchestra conductor.
Edwards, SianSian Edwards United Kingdom Ensemble Modern 1959 -- [18]
Equilbey, LaurenceLaurence Equilbey FolleJournée2009 LaurenceEquilbey2.jpg France Accentus 1962 -- [19]
Falletta, JoAnnJoAnn Falletta JoAnn Falletta.jpg United States Virginia Symphony Orchestra, Carnegie Hall, Ulster Orchestra 1954 -- [20]
Fraillon, NicoletteNicolette Fraillon Australia The Australian Ballet 1960 -- The world's only woman music director of a ballet company.[21]
Gaigg, MichiMichi Gaigg Austria L'arpa festante, L'Orfeo 1957 -- [22]
von Gelmini, HortenseHortense von Gelmini Hortense von Gelmini Germany Nürnberger Symphoniker
Mozarteum Orchestra Salzburg
SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
German State Philharmonic Orchestra of Rhineland-Palatinate
1947 First female conductor of these and other German Symphony Orchestras between 1975 and 1980. Founder and conductor of "Orchestra Gelmini" since 1969. "The gathering critical judgement of Hortense von Gelmini, Germany's only woman conductor, is that she has not only the talent but the education, energy, and persistence to make her mark in this difficult and competitive profession" [23]
Gipps, RuthRuth Gipps United Kingdom 1921 1999 [24]
Glover, JaneJane Glover United Kingdom Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, English National Opera, Glyndebourne, Berlin Staatsoper, Royal Danish Opera, Opéra National du Rhin, Opéra National de Bordeaux, Glimmerglass Opera, New York City Opera, and Teatro La Fenice 1949 -- Third woman to conduct the Metropolitan Opera.[25]
Gonzaga, ChiquinhaChiquinha Gonzaga Chiquinha Gonzaga-1877.jpg Brazil 1847 1935 First female conductor in Brazil.[26]
Gorden, KarenKaren Gorden United States Special Jury Prize, 50th Geneva International Conducting Competition, Staatsoper und Staatskapelle Berlin, Salzburg Festival, Bayreuth Festival, The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts 1967 Founded FORCULTURE in 2014[27]
Gražinytė-Tyla, MirgaMirga Gražinytė-Tyla Lithuania Salzburger Landestheater 1986 -- [28]
Guinand, MariaMaria Guinand Maria Guinand.jpg Venezuela 1953 -- [29]
Haïm, EmmanuelleEmmanuelle Haïm Emmanuelle Haim.jpg France Glyndebourne Touring Opera, The Proms, Chicago Opera Theater, Lyric Opera of Chicago 1962 -- First woman to conduct Lyric Opera of Chicago.

[30]

Hannigan, BarbaraBarbara Hannigan
Barbara Hannigan conducts.jpg
Canada Toronto Symphony Orchestra
Münchner Philharmoniker
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Helsinki Philharmoniker
WDR Symphony Orchestra
Mahler Chamber Orchestra
Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
Gulbenkian Symphony Orchestra
Britten Sinfonia
London Sinfonietta
Avanti Chamber Orchestra
1971 -- Soprano Barbara Hannigan sings and conducts simultaneously[31]
Hicks, SarahSarah Hicks United States Minnesota Orchestra [32]
Hillis, MargaretMargaret Hillis United States Chicago Symphony Chorus 1921 1998 Founder and director of Chicago Symphony Chorus.

[33]

Holst, ImogenImogen Holst Imogen in old age.jpg United Kingdom 1907 1984 [34]
Hsu, ApoApo Hsu Apo-Hsu.altonthompson.jpg Taiwan / United States [35]
Laura Jackson United States Reno Philharmonic Orchestra [36]
Jing, HuanHuan Jing China [37]
Ioannides, SarahSarah Ioannides El Paso Symphony Orchestra, Spartanburg Philharmonic Orchestra 1972 -- [38]
Jones, JuliaJulia Jones United Kingdom Oper Köln, Staatstheater Darmstadt 1961 -- [39]
Kamensek, KarenKaren Kamensek United States Slovenian National Theatre 1970 -- [40]
Kano, TheaThea Kano United States New York City Master Chorale 1965 -- [41]
Kaprálová, VítězslavaVítězslava Kaprálová Kapralova1935.jpg Czech Republic Czech Philharmonic, BBC Symphony Orchestra 1915 1940 [42]
León, Tania Tania León Tania Leon.jpg Cuba/United States 1943 -- [43]
Nishimoto, TomomiTomomi Nishimoto Japan Saint Petersburg Philharmonic, Kyoto Symphony Orchestra 1970 -- [44]
Novokmet, JasminaJasmina Novokmet Serbia 1969 -- [45]
Quach, HelenHelen Quach Vietnam, Australia, Philippines 1940 2013 [1]
Shara, InmaInma Shara Inma Shara amurrioarra 2009an.jpg Spain London Philharmonic Orchestra
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
Czech National Symphony Orchestra
Russian National Orchestra
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Rome Symphony Orchestra
National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra
Lithuanian National Symphony Orchestra
Latvian National Symphony Orchestra
European Union Youth Orchestra
1972 -- First female conductor who took the podium at the Vatican in 2008.[46]
Nathalie Stutzmann France Orfeo 55

Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo

Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra

National Symphony Orchestra Washington

Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra

Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra

London Philharmonic Orchestra

1965 First female to conduct an opera at the head of Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
Váradi, KatalinKatalin Váradi Hungary Budapest Opera 1973-1980, Budapest Operetta 1980-2004, Miskolc National Theatre 1984-2012 1948 2015
Washburn, NanNan Washburn United States Michigan Philharmonic Winner of the American Prize in Conducting 2013[47]
Worby, RachaelRachael Worby United States Symphony Orchestra in Wheeling, Pasadena POPS 1950 -- [48]
Young, SimoneSimone Young Simone Young 2010 - Portrait by Bertold Fabricius.jpg Australia Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
Opera Australia
Philharmoniker Hamburg
1961 -- First female conductor of the Vienna State Opera in 1993.[49]
Xiaoying, ZhengZheng Xiaoying China China National Opera House, Xiamen Philharmonic Orchestra, Ai Yue Nu Philharmonic Orchestra 1929 -- First female conductor in China.[50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conlon, Joan Catoni (2009). "Introduction". In Conlon, Joan C. Wisdom, Wit, and Will: Women Choral Conductors on Their Art. Chicago: GIA Publishing. p. 2. ISBN 9781579997601. 
  2. ^ Ammer, Christine (1998). "Classical Music". In Mankiller, Wilma; Mink, Gwendolyn; Navarro, Marysa; Smith, Barbara; Steinem, Gloria. The Reader's Compainion to U.S. Women's History. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 110. ISBN 0395671736. 
  3. ^ Burton-Hill, Clemency (21 October 2014). "Why Aren't There More Women Conductors?". BBC. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Michael, Church (8 September 2013). "First female conductor, Marin Alsop, rocks Last Prom". The Independent. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Lewis, Dave. "Elfrida Andrée". Allmusic.com. 
  6. ^ Pasles, Chris (19 February 1987). "Frieda Belinfante Honored : Cultural Pioneer Still A Voice For Excellence". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Maria Bastue, Conductor". Nordic Artists Management. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Malcolm Hayes, Classic CD Magazine, 1999
  9. ^ Francis, Kimberly (6 May 2008). "Linda Bouchard". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Potter, Caroline. "Boulanger, Nadia". Grove Music Online (Oxford Music Online). Retrieved 16 September 2010. 
  11. ^ "Antonia Brico". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  12. ^ English Ahram (December 12, 2012). "Qatar Philharmonic announces new music director". English Ahram online. 
  13. ^ von Rhein, John (September 20, 2011). "Sinfonietta's new maestra makes diversity her mantra". Chicago Tribune. ISSN 1085-6706. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  14. ^ Sadie, Julie Anne and Rhian Samuel. Eds. The Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. Macmillan: New York, 1995.
  15. ^ Matthew Westwood (2015-10-24). "QSO's Alondra de la Parra: first woman to head a state orchestra". The Australian. Retrieved 2015-11-28. 
  16. ^ "Mūžībā aizgājusi diriģente Ausma Derkēvica". Delfi. 27 December 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Interview with Suzi Digby" (PDF). Assoc. of British Choral Conductors. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  18. ^ Duchen, Jessica and Richard Wigmore. "Edwards, Sian", Grove Music Online, Oxford Music Online, accessed 2 June 2011 (subscription required)
  19. ^ Andrew Clements (2008-05-02). "Dvořák: Stabat Mater, Engerer/ Accentus/ Equilbey". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  20. ^ Alf McCreary (2011-05-09). "JoAnn Falletta becomes Ulster Orchestra's first female conductor". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  21. ^ Jeremy Story Carter, " Australian Ballet music director calls out sexism in classical music world", ABC Radio National, 13 June 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016
  22. ^ Performing arts yearbook for Europe: PAYE. Alain Charles Arts Publishing - 2006 "... leitung: Michi Gaigg Type: instrumental and vocal, Main Repertoire: baroque to classical, Repertoire: oratorio, early classical opera, cantatas, French Baroque, contemporary commissioned works, Perfs. 25 to 50, Size: 15 or more, ..."
  23. ^ David Mutch im "The christian science monitor", February 25, 1976, Boston, USA
  24. ^ Foreman, Lewis (2 March 1999). "Obituary: Ruth Gipps". The Independent. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  25. ^ Anthony Tommasini,"A Rollicking Treat Infused With Grace and Gravitas," New York Times, 17 December 2013 |URL=https://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/18/arts/music/jane-glover-conducts-the-magic-flute-at-the-met.html?_r=0
  26. ^ "Chiquinha Gonzaga". Chiquinha Gonzaga (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  27. ^ WDPR-FM. "Interview with Conductor Karen Gorden", WDPR Public Radio, date of original interview to be confirmed. Retrieved on 30 July 2015.
  28. ^ Anna Schweingel (2012-07-12). "'Brauche Ewigkeiten von Einsamkeit'". Mannheimer Morgen. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  29. ^ "Maria Guinand". LA Philharmonic. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  30. ^ John von Rhein (2007-10-28). "Trailblazer Haim sets conducting, family life to two-part harmony". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  31. ^ James R. Oestreich (2014-08-19). "Barbara Hannigan Sings and Conducts at the Lucerne Festival". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-30. 
  32. ^ "Sarah Hicks: Staff Conductor". Curtis Institute of Music. Archived from the original on 2013-06-11. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  33. ^ Kozinn, Allan (6 February 1998). "Margaret Hillis, 76, Conductor; Led Chicago Symphony Chorus". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  34. ^ Strode, Rosamund. "Holst, Imogen Clare". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 February 2014.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  35. ^ "Performance Today, 2007-08-29". National Public Radio (USA). Archived from the original on 15 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  36. ^ "Laura Jackson (a webpage from the official website of RPO)". Retrieved 2017-02-09. 
  37. ^ "音乐总监:景 焕 (A webpage from the official website of GSYO)". Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  38. ^ "Spartanburg Philharmonic Music Director Renews Contract" (Press release). Spartanburg Philharmonic Orchestra (Chapman Cultural Center). 4 June 2009. Retrieved 2014-01-12. 
  39. ^ Jessica Duchen (2010-01-22). "A glass ceiling for women in the orchestra pit". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  40. ^ Neumann, Carolin (2 February 2011). "Karen Kamensek, Dirigentin: "Eine Frauenquote in der Musik? Unmöglich!"". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 16 December 2015. (German)
  41. ^ http://nycmasterchorale.org/artistic_director
  42. ^ The Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers, pp.245-46.
  43. ^ Borroff, Edith (2003). Music Melting Round: A History of Music in the United States. Scarecrow Press. p. 289. ISBN 9781461716808. 
  44. ^ "100 Most Respected Japanese (世界が尊敬する日本人100人)" Newsweek Japan, 2006-10-18
  45. ^ List of associate professors at the University of Pristina, Retrieved on 6 June 2010.
  46. ^ "In Conversation with Inma Shara". Pictet Perspectives. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  47. ^ http://www.detroitperforms.org/2013/09/nan-washburn-wins-the-american-prize-in-conducting
  48. ^ http://www.wvgazette.com/Life/201012301154
  49. ^ John Carmody (16 December 2005). "Sensitive autocrat in a season of content". The Australian. Retrieved 6 April 2008. 
  50. ^ Brown, Emily Freeman (2015). A Dictionary for the Modern Conductor. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 379–380. ISBN 9780810884014. 

Links to online resources[edit]