List of fiords of New Zealand
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The fiords of New Zealand are all located in the southwest of the South Island, in a mountainous area known as Fiordland. A fiord is a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes, which results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. The spelling fiord is used in New Zealand rather than fjord, although all the maritime fiords instead use the word sound in their name.
The Marlborough Sounds, a series of deep indentations in the coastline at the northern tip of the South Island, are in fact drowned river valleys, or rias. The deeply indented coastlines of Northland and Auckland also host many rias, such as the Hokianga and Waitematā Harbours.
New Zealand has fifteen named maritime fiords, listed here from northernmost to southernmost.
|Milford Sound / Piopiotahi||17.5 kilometres (10.9 mi)||25.3 km2|
|Te Hāpua / Sutherland Sound||10 kilometres (6.2 mi)||11 km2|
|Hāwea / Bligh Sound||18 kilometres (11 mi)||21.1 km2|
|Te Houhou / George Sound||20.5 kilometres (12.7 mi)||32.9 km2|
|Taitetimu / Caswell Sound||15 kilometres (9.3 mi)||17.5 km2|
|Taiporoporo / Charles Sound||14 kilometres (8.7 mi)||15.9 km2|
|Hinenui / Nancy Sound||15 kilometres (9.3 mi)||13.9 km2|
|Te Awa-o-Tū / Thompson Sound||18 kilometres (11 mi)||28.4 km2|
|Kaikiekie / Bradshaw Sound||18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi)||20.9 km2|
|Doubtful Sound / Patea||40 kilometres (25 mi) (to head of Hall Arm)||83.7 km2|
|Te Rā / Dagg Sound||14 kilometres (8.7 mi)||14.7 km2|
|Te Puaitaha / Breaksea Sound||30.5 kilometres (19.0 mi)||61.5 km2|
|Tamatea / Dusky Sound||40 kilometres (25 mi)||181 km2|
|Taiari / Chalky Inlet||27.7 kilometres (17.2 mi)||110 km2|
|Rakituma / Preservation Inlet||36.5 kilometres (22.7 mi)||93 km2|
Thompson Sound separates Secretary Island from the mainland and connects with Doubtful Sound and Bradshaw Sound at its inland end. The mouth of Bradshaw Sound is on Doubtful Sound approximately 12 km from the Tasman Sea.
A number of lakes in the Fiordland and Otago regions also fill glacial valleys. Lake Te Anau has three western arms which are fiords (and are named so). Lake McKerrow to the north of Milford Sound is a fiord with a silted-up mouth. Lake Wakatipu fills a large glacial valley, as do lakes Hakapoua, Poteriteri, Monowai and Hauroko in the far south of Fiordland. Lake Manapouri has fiords as its West, North and South arms.
- Distance measured down centreline of fiord from coastline to head of longest arm of fiord.
- Stanton, B. R.; Pickard, G. L. (1981). Physical Oceanography of the New Zealand Fiords (PDF). New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. p. 14. Retrieved 18 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)