List of fires

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Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone.

Jack London after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire[1]

This article is a list of notable fires.

Town and city fires[edit]

Painting of the Cathedral and the Academy building after the Great Fire of Turku, by Gustaf Wilhelm Finnberg, 1827

Building or structure fires[edit]

Transportation fires[edit]

Mining (including oil and natural gas drilling) fires[edit]

This is a partial list of fire due to mining: man-made structures to extract minerals, ores, rock, petroleum, natural gas, etc.

Date Location Dead/injured Details References
1884 to present New Straitsville, Ohio Coal mine fire ignited by striking miners World's Greatest Mine Fire[2]
May 31, 1892 Příbram, now in the Czech Republic, 319/? Fire in Marine iron mine
September 7, 1895 Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan 30/? Osceola copper mine caught fire [3]
April 7, 1911 Colliery, Throop, Pennsylvania, 72/? Fire at the Prince-Pancoast, leaving 72 dead by suffocation [4]
1915 to present Luzerne County, Pennsylvania Laurel Run mine fire ignited when a carbide lamp set fire to a timber support
1956 Belgium 262/? Bois du Cazier fire [fr] killed 262 people from 12 nations
1962 Algeria Devil's Cigarette Lighter fire in a gas field, lasted almost 6 months before doused with explosives
1962 to present Pennsylvania Centralia Mine Fire, rendering the town uninhabitable
1967 to present Kukruse, Estonia A continuously burning gangue mound at the Kukruse mine
1971 to present Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan Darvaza gas crater fire in a natural gas field
morning of May 2, 1972 Kellogg, Idaho 91/? Fire broke out in the Sunshine Mine, on the morning of May 2; 91 workers died from smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning
September 16, 1986 Kinross, Transvaal, South Africa 177/235 Kinross mining disaster fire in a gold mine owned by the General Mining Union Corporation [5]
July 6, 1988 North Sea 167/? Piper Alpha oil platform disaster
1991 State of Kuwait Kuwaiti oil fires following the Gulf War
2010 Gulf of Mexico Explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon mobile offshore drilling unit
New Zealand 29/? Pike River Mine disaster in New Zealand; a series of three explosions in the mine was followed by a fourth which set fire to the coal. 29 miners and contractors perished.
December 4, 2015 Caspian Sea 12+18 missing /? Gunashli Platform No.10 fire broke out on the offshore oil and gas platform in the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Sea; 12 confirmed deaths, 18 missing.

Forest and countryside fires[edit]

Date Location Dead/injured Details References
October 8, 1871 Michigan >200/? A series of fires across the state, the most severe of which was the Port Huron fire. The combined Michigan fires killed over 200 people and burned about 1.2 million acres. Occurred on the same day as the Great Chicago Fire and the Peshtigo Fire. The Great Michigan Fire
October 8, 1871 Wisconsin 1,500-2,500/? Deadliest wildfire in world history. Death toll can only be estimated because entire towns with all town records were incinerated. Burned over 1.2 million acres. Occurred on the same day as the Great Chicago Fire and the Great Michigan Fires. Peshtigo Fire
1910 North Idaho and Western Montana 87/? The largest Fire in U.S. history burned an area the size of Connecticut (3,000,000 acres [12,000 km2]), killing 87 people, including 78 firefighters Great Fire of 1910[6]
1911 Ontario 73-200/? Great Porcupine Fire
July 29, 1916 223/? Six towns destroyed, two more damaged Matheson Fire
October 12, 1918 Minnesota 453/? 1918 Cloquet Fire
1921 35/? 1921 Mari wildfires
1922 Northern Ontario Several towns destroyed including 90% of the city of Haileybury, Ontario Great Fire of 1922

See also[edit]


  1. ^ London, Jack (May 5, 1906). "The Story of an Eyewitness by Jack London". Collier's, the National Weekly. The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. Retrieved August 29, 2006.
  2. ^ "New Straitsville Mine Fire". Ohio History Central. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  3. ^ Newett, George A. (1896). State of Michigan: Mines and Mineral Statistics (PDF) (Report). State of Michigan. p. 90. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  4. ^ "History". Welcome to the Borough of Throop: "A Great Place to Live". Throop, Pennsylvania: Borough of Throop. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  5. ^ Evander, Robert Ricci (September 18, 1986). "Mine disaster toll rises to 177". Glasgow Herald. p. 4.
  6. ^ "Forest fire, the largest in U.S. history, left stories of awe, tragedy". 2010-08-15. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  7. ^ " Natural fires of the Summer 2010". Lenta.RU. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Incidents". Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service.
  9. ^ "BBC News – Swinley Forest fire 'largest in Berkshire's history'". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  10. ^ "'Frightening' Galway blaze among 30 wildfires raging across Ireland". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
  11. ^ United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) USDA Forest Service website.
  12. ^ DOF Dept. of Forestry Blog: "ODF Daily Fire Update - Monday, September 4, 2017."
  13. ^ KGW News "With Oregon on fire, where should you go, or avoid, this Labor Day Weekend?" 31 August 2017.
  14. ^ California, State of (December 6, 2018). "Camp Fire Incident Information". Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  15. ^ Moleski, Vincent (February 17, 2019). "Camp Fire death count drops to 85 while missing list drops to 2 following arrest". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  16. ^ "Woolsey Fire Incident Update". Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved November 22, 2018.
  17. ^ "Nelson bush fire: Helicopter crashes fighting fires in Tasman district". 17 February 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Live: NSW Now: Gospers Mountain fire contained after burning through 512,000 hectares". 2020-01-12. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
  19. ^ "La Fiscalía venezolana eleva a los 11 muertos en un incendio, 9 de ellos menores". EFE (in Spanish). 24 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Al menos 10 muertos, 7 de ellos menores de edad, en un incendio en Venezuela". La Voz de Galicia (in Spanish). 24 January 2020.
  21. ^ "Al menos 10 muertos, 7 de ellos niños, en un incendio en Venezuela". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). 24 January 2020.
  22. ^ "Incendio en Venezuela deja 11 personas muertas, incluidos 9 niños" (in Spanish). France 24. 24 January 2020.

Further reading[edit]