List of fires
This is a list of historic fires. Urban fires are the most numerous due to loss of life and property, but also included are lists of fires in individual structures, ships and other transportation, and mines. A few of the most important wildfires or forest fires are included, but this list is not the primary resource for the most severe wildfires, which is summarized in the List of forest fires.
Town and city fires
Building or structure fires
Mining (including oil and natural gas drilling) fires
This is a partial list of fire due to mining: man-made structures to extract minerals, ores, rock, petroleum, natural gas, etc.
- 1884 to present – World's Greatest Mine Fire – New Straitsville, Ohio, coal mine fire ignited by striking miners
- 1892 – Fire in the Marie iron mine, Příbram, now in the Czech Republic, 319 killed on May 31
- 1895 – Osceola copper mine in Osceola Township, Houghton County, Michigan, caught fire on September 7, 30 killed
- 1911 – Fire at the Price-Pancoast Colliery, Throop, Pennsylvania, on April 7, with 72 dead by suffocation
- 1915 to present – Laurel Run mine fire in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, in the United States, ignited when at carbide lamp set fire to a timber support
- 1956 – Bois du Cazier fire, Belgium, killed 262 people from 12 nations
- 1962 – Devil's Cigarette Lighter fire in a gas field in Algeria, lasted almost 6 months before doused with explosives
- 1962 to present – Centralia Mine Fire, Pennsylvania, rendering the town uninhabitable
- 1971 to present – Darvaza gas crater fire in a natural gas field in Derweze, Ahal Province, Turkmenistan
- 1972 – Fire broke out in the Sunshine Mine in Kellogg, Idaho, on the morning of May 2; 91 workers died from smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide poisoning
- 1986 – Fire in a gold mine owned by the General Mining Union Corporation in Kinross, Transvaal, South Africa, with 177 killed and 235 injured on September 16
- 1988 – Piper Alpha oil platform disaster, North Sea, on July 6; 167 deaths
- 1991 – Kuwaiti oil fires following the Gulf War
- 2010 – Explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon mobile offshore drilling unit in the Gulf of Mexico
- 2010 – Pike River Mine disaster in New Zealand; a series of three explosions in the mine was followed by a fourth which set fire to the coal. 29 miners and contractors perished.
- 2015 – Gunashli Platform No.10 fire broke out on the offshore oil and gas platform in the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Sea on December 4; 12 confirmed deaths, 18 missing.
Forest and countryside fires
- 1871 – The Great Michigan Fire, killed over 200 in Michigan
- 1910 – Great Fire of 1910, the largest fire in U.S. history, burned an area the size of Connecticut (3 million acres (12,000 km²)) and killed 87 people, including 78 firefighters, across North Idaho and Western Montana
- 1911 – Great Porcupine Fire, Ontario, between 73 and 200 people were killed.
- 1916 – Matheson Fire, Ontario, July 29. Six towns destroyed, two more damaged, 223 people dead.
- 1918 – 1918 Cloquet Fire, 1000 lives lost in a single day, October 12. Minnesota
- 1921 – 1921 Mari wildfires, 35 killed
- 1922 – Great Fire of 1922, Northern Ontario, several towns destroyed including 90% of the City of Haileybury
- 1933 – Griffith Park Fire in Los Angeles, California, killed 29 firefighters on October 3
- 1933 – Tillamook Burn, Oregon
- 1936 – Kursha-2, 1200 killed
- 1936 – Bandon, Oregon, Bandon's entire commercial district was destroyed, total loss stated at the time was $3 million USD, with 11 fatalities.
- 1937 – Blackwater fire of 1937 in Shoshone National Forest in Wyoming, killed 15 firefighters on August 21
- 1939 – Black Friday bushfires in Australia. 71 people killed.
- 1949 – The great forest fire of 1949 in the Landes Forest, wildfire, 256,000 acres (1,040 km2) lost, 82 people killed.
- 1949 – Mann Gulch fire
- 1953 – Rattlesnake Fire, set by an arsonist named Stan Pattan, in Mendocino National Forest near Willows, California, killed 15 firefighters on July 9
- 1963 – Paraná forest fire, 20,000 square kilometres destroyed, killing at least 110, with 5,000 houses burned in September.
- 1966 – Serra de Sintra forest fire, outskirt of Lisbon, Portugal, 26.6 km² destroyed, killing 26.
- 1967 – 1967 Tasmanian fires in Tasmania, Australia, 62 killed and over 900 injured.
- 1971 – Kure forest fire, Kure, western Honshū, Japan, 18 firefighters killed on April 27
- 1975 – Fire on the Lüneburg Heath in north Germany, 80 square kilometres destroyed, 7 fatalities including 5 firefighters killed on August 10
- 1983 – Ash Wednesday bushfires killed 75 people and injured more than 2600 others in South Australia and Victoria.
- 1987 – 1987 Daxing'anling wildfire in People's Republic of China, burned for a month
- 1988 – Yellowstone fires of 1988 largest, most expensive wildfire in the history of the National Park Service, at the world's first National Park
- 1994 – Isabela Island forest fire, Galápagos Island, Ecuador, 12 km² lost in April.
- 1994 – South Canyon Fire on Storm King Mountain near Glenwood Springs, Colorado kills fourteen firefighters on July 6.
- 2003 – Canberra bushfires, Australian Capital Territory, 4 killed and 435 injured
- 2003 – Cedar Fire destroyed over 550 homes and many acres of land, Southern California
- 2003 – 2003 Okanagan Mountain Park Fire, British Columbia
- 2005 – Eyre Peninsula bushfire, South Australia, 9 killed, at least 113 injured and 79 houses destroyed
- 2006 – Pilliga forest fire burned out 740 km² on just its first day
- 2007 – October 2007 California wildfires Fires in California
- 2008 – Summer 2008 California wildfires Second costliest in US history to extinguish.
- 2009 – Black Saturday bushfires In February, at the end of the early 2009 southeastern Australia heat wave, bushfires swept through the Australian state of Victoria killing 180 people, injuring around 500, destroying at least 2029 homes.
- 2010 – 2010 Russian wildfires, 2000 buildings, 8000 km² destroyed, 54 killed.
- 2010 – Mount Carmel forest fire in Israel led to 44 fatalities.
- 2011 – Fires across parts of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, during the Easter holidays, destroying many parks and forests.
- 2011 – Summer fire outbreak across Texas claimed almost 4 million acres in over 21,000 fires. Approximately 7,000 homes were lost and approximately 50,000 homes in direct danger were saved by fire departments across the state.
- 2011 – Two wildfires burn in Bastrop, Texas; 2 people killed, 34,000 acres burned, over 1000 houses and other structures destroyed
- 2011 – Swinley Forest, UK, 12 fire services attended from various counties to extinguish this forestry fire in Berkshire.
- 2015 – Sampson Flat bushfires, Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia, destroyed 12,500 hectares (31,000 acres) of native forest, farmland, vineyards and 27 houses, with no human fatalities
- 2016 – A series of wildfires raged across mainland Portugal and the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira.
- 2017 – Between 30 and 40 gorse fires raged across the country [Ireland] between late April and early May. Cloosh Valley saw the worst of these fires with 1,500 hectares of forest damaged.
- 2017 – A series of wildfires, burn across Pedrógão Grande and Nodeirinho in Portugal, killing at least 66 people and injuring at least 204 others.
- 2017 – Fires consumed hundreds of thousands of acres of Oregon's Deschutes National Forest, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, and the Willamette National Forest during August and September, causing evacuations and road closures. Fires included the Chetco Bar Fire and the Eagle Creek Fire, which also spread into Skamania County, Washington, United States.
- 2018 – Camp Fire in California. Began November 8, 2018; caused 86 deaths and destroyed 18,804 structures.
- 2018 – Woolsey Fire in California, which broke out on the same day as the Camp Fire. Resulted in three deaths and the destruction of 1,643 structures, among them the homes of notable celebrities.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fires.|
- List of accidents and disasters by death toll
- List of fire departments
- List of the largest artificial non-nuclear explosions
- London, Jack (May 5, 1906). "The Story of an Eyewitness by Jack London". Collier's, the National Weekly. The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. Retrieved August 29, 2006.
- "New Straitsville Mine Fire". Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
- Newett, George A. (1896). State of Michigan: Mines and Mineral Statistics (PDF) (Report). State of Michigan. p. 90. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "History". Welcome to the Borough of Throop: "A Great Place to Live". Throop, Pennsylvania: Borough of Throop. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Evander, Robert Ricci (September 18, 1986). "Mine disaster toll rises to 177". Glasgow Herald. p. 4.
- "Forest fire, the largest in U.S. history, left stories of awe, tragedy". Spokesman.com. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- "Lenta.ru: Natural fires of the Summer 2010". Lenta.RU. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "BBC News – Swinley Forest fire 'largest in Berkshire's history'". BBC News. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "'Frightening' Galway blaze among 30 wildfires raging across Ireland". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2017-05-09.
- United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) USDA Forest Service website.
- DOF Dept. of Forestry Blog: "ODF Daily Fire Update - Monday, September 4, 2017."
- KGW News "With Oregon on fire, where should you go, or avoid, this Labor Day Weekend?" 31 August 2017.
- California, State of (December 6, 2018). "Camp Fire Incident Information". www.fire.ca.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- "Woolsey Fire Incident Update". Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved November 22, 2018.