List of firsts in aviation

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Stained glass window showing Eilmer of Malmesbury, installed in Malmesbury Abbey in 1920.

This is a list of firsts in aviation.

The forerunners[edit]

Otto Lilienthal in mid-flight, c. 1895.

Heavier than air era[edit]

In 1999, Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones achieved the first non-stop balloon circumnavigation in Breitling Orbiter 3.
The Swiss solar-powered aircraft Solar Impulse 2 plan to make the first solar-powered aerial circumnavigation of the globe in 2015.
The actual E.5/15 aircraft used by Wintgens in his pioneering aerial engagement on July 1, 1915, as it appeared at the time of the engagement.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian 167. "(永定三年)使元黄头与诸囚自金凤台各乘纸鸱以飞,黄头独能至紫陌乃堕,仍付御史中丞毕义云饿杀之。" (Rendering: In the 3rd year of Yongding, 559, Gao Yang conducted an experiment by having Yuan Huangtou and a few prisoners launch themselves from a tower in Ye, capital of the Northern Qi. Yuan Huangtou was the only one who survived from this flight, as he glided over the city-wall and fell at Zimo [western segment of Ye] safely, but he was later executed.)
  2. ^ Hitti, Philip Khuri (September 6, 2002). History of the Arabs, Revised: 10th Edition. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-63142-0. 
  3. ^ William of Malmesbury – ed. and trans. R. A. B. Mynors, R. M. Thomson, and M. Winterbottom (1998-9). Gesta regum Anglorum / The history of the English kings. Oxford Medieval Texts.
  4. ^ Who is Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi?
  5. ^ Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi "The First Man to Fly"
  6. ^ Brady, Tim (2000). The American Aviation Experience: A History. SIU Press. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-809-32371-5. 
  7. ^ Oborne, Michael W. (1998). A History of the Château de la Muette. OECD Publishing. pp. 86–7. ISBN 978-9-264-16161-0. 
  8. ^ Ryan, Craig (2003). The Pre-Astronauts: Manned Ballooning on the Threshold of Space. Naval Institute Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-591-14748-0. 
  9. ^ a b "CIA Balloon and Airship Hall of Fame 2000 Inductees". The International Air Sports Federation. September 2000. Archived from the original on July 2, 2004. 
  10. ^ Hallion, Richard P. (2003). Taking Flight: Inventing the Aerial Age, from Antiquity through the First World War. Oxford University Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-195-16035-2. 
  11. ^ "Boston's first aeronaut". The New York Times. July 10, 1885. 
  12. ^ Byrne, Michael (January 9, 2007). "The Tullamore Balloon Fire - First Air Disaster in History". Offaly Historical and Archaeological Society website. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  13. ^ Fulgence, Marion. "Part 2, Chapter 10: The Necrology of Aeronautics". Wonderful Balloon Ascents. Cassel Petter & Galpin.
  14. ^ Davy 1937, p.46
  15. ^ "Sophie Blanchard – First Woman Balloon Pilot". Historic Wings. July 6, 2012. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  16. ^ "The Giffard Airship, 1852". The Science Museum, London. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  17. ^ Loving, Matthew (2011). Bullets and Balloons: French Airmail during the Siege of Paris. Franconian Press.
  18. ^ Williams, Amanda (December 12, 2012). "Victorian Paris photographed from the air". The Daily Mail. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  19. ^ Anderson, John D. (1999). A History of Aerodynamics: And Its Impact on Flying Machines. Cambridge University Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-521-66955-9. 
  20. ^ "Was Brazilian first to fly?". The Leader-Post. November 12, 1986. 
  21. ^ Motoring Illustrated, August 2, 1902, pp 215-216
  22. ^ Manawatu Times, Volume XXVII, Issue 7526, 11 September 1902, Page 3
  23. ^ Gibbs-Smith, Charles H. (April 3, 1959). "Hops and Flights: A roll call of early powered take-offs". Flight 75 (2619): 468. 
  24. ^ Trimble, William F. (1982). High Frontier: A History of Aeronautics in Pennsylvania. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-822-95340-1. 
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  29. ^ Gray, Carrol F. (August 2002). "The First Five Flights". WW1 Aero - The Journal Of The Early Aeroplane (117): 26–39. 
  30. ^ Howard, Fred (1988). Wilbur and Orville: A Biography of the Wright Brothers. Courier Dover Publications. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-486-40297-0. 
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  32. ^ "A Century of Sporting Achievements". Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. November 15, 2006. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
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  35. ^ Tom D. Crouch (August 29, 2008). "1908: The Year the Airplane Went Public". Air & Space/Smithsonian. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Fatal Fall Of Wright Airship". New York Times. September 18, 1908. Retrieved 2010-10-17. Falling from a height of 75 feet, Orville Wright and Lieut. Thomas E. Selfridge of the Signal Corps were buried in the wreckage of Wright's aeroplane shortly after 5 o'clock this afternoon. The young army officer died at 8:10 o'clock to-night. Wright is badly hurt, although he probably will recover. 
  37. ^ Pattison, Jo (October 1, 2009). "First to fly across the Channel". BBC News – Kent. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Blériot Tells of his Flight". The New York Times. July 26, 1909. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  39. ^ "The New 'Daily Mail' Prizes". Flight 5 (223): 393. April 5, 1913. 
  40. ^ Thurston, David E. (2000). The World's Most Significant and Magnificent Aircraft: Evolution of the Modern Airplane. SAE. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-768-00537-0. 
  41. ^ "Aeroplanes in Collision". New York Times. October 2, 1910. p.11.
  42. ^ Driver, Hugh (1997). The Birth of Military Aviation: Britain, 1903-1914. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-861-93234-4. 
  43. ^ "Eugene Ely's Flight from USS Birmingham, 14 November 1910". Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Eugene Ely's Flight to USS Pennsylvania, 18 January 1911". Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  45. ^ "London To Paris By Aeroplane." Times [London, England] 13 Apr. 1911: 8. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 8 Nov. 2013.
  46. ^ "Month of achievement in aviation". Popular Mechanics: 350. August 1911. 
  47. ^ "Flies over the Rockies". The New York Times. October 1, 1911. 
  48. ^ "King up in aeroplane". The New York Times. July 16, 1910. 
  49. ^ a b Bates, Jim (1990). Parachuting: From Student to Skydiver. Tab Books. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-830-63406-4. 
  50. ^ Poynter, Dan (1984). The Parachute Manual: A Technical Treatise on Aerodynamic Decelerators. Para Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 9780915516353. 
  51. ^ Wright, Robert K.; Greenwood, John T. (2007). Airborne Forces at War: From Parachute Test Platoon to the 21st Century. Naval Institute Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-591-14028-3. 
  52. ^ "Miss Quimby flies English Channel". The New York Times. April 17, 1912. 
  53. ^ "The Naval Review and the Aviators". Flight IV (20): 442. May 18, 1912. 
  54. ^ a b c Hagedorn, Dan (2008). Conquistadors of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-813-03249-8. 
  55. ^ Diamond, Karen (April 2000). "Classic memories from the world of aerobatics". Air Sports International. Archived from the original on April 24, 2001. 
  56. ^ "Roland Garros Flies Over Mediterranean Sea". Dalje. September 23, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  57. ^ "This Week in USAF and PACAF History – 24-30 November 2008" (PDF). Pacific Air Forces. Archived from the original on January 21, 2013. 
  58. ^ Glines, C. V. (May 1997). "St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line: World's First Scheduled Airline Using Winged Aircraft". Aviation History. 
  59. ^ Guttman, John (2009). Pusher Aces of World War I. Osprey Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-846-03417-6. 
  60. ^ Robson, Pamela (2011). Wild Women: History's Female Rebels, Radicals and Revolutionaries. Pier 9. ISBN 978-1-741-96632-9. 
  61. ^ vanWyngarden, Greg (2006). Osprey Aircraft of the Aces #73: Early German Aces of World War 1. Botley, Oxford UK & New York City, USA: Osprey Publishing. pp. 11 & 12. ISBN 978-1-84176-997-4. 
  62. ^ Sands, Jeffrey, "The Forgotten Ace, Ltn. Kurt Wintgens and his War Letters", Cross & Cockade USA, Summer 1985.
  63. ^ Nicolaou, Stéphane (1998). Flying Boats & Seaplanes: A History from 1905. Bay View Books Ltd. p. 54. ISBN 1-901432-20-3. 
  64. ^ Guinness Book of Air Facts and Feats (3rd ed.). 1977. 
  65. ^ Galdorisi, George; Phillips, Thomas (2009). Leave No Man Behind: The Saga of Combat Search and Rescue. Zenith Imprint. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-0-760-32392-2. 
  66. ^ L'homme-vent, special issue of L'Ami de Pézenas , 2010, ISSN 140-0084
  67. ^ "Türk Deniz Havacılık Tarihi" in the official website of the Naval Air Base Command of the Turkish Naval Forces. (Turkish)
  68. ^ Ajun Kurter, Türk Hava Kuvvetleri Tarihi, Cilt 5, Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı, 2009, p. 299. (Turkish)
  69. ^ Dünyanın ilk siyahi pilotu: ARAP AHMET -4 "Pilotlarla Dolu Bir Aile", Posta, 20 March 2011. (Turkish)
  70. ^ DÜNYANIN İLK SİYAH PİLOTU: ARAP AHMET, Havervitrin, 8 March 2011. (Turkish)
  71. ^ Bishop, Chris; Chant, Chris (2004). Aircraft Carriers: The World's Greatest Naval Vessels and Their Aircraft. Zenith Imprint. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-760-32005-1. 
  72. ^ Luis Casabal (13 April 1998). "A 80 años del primer cruce aéreo de los Andes" (in Spanish). Diario La Nación. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  73. ^ "Alcock and Brown". The Aviation History Online Museum. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  74. ^ McCarthy, John. "Sir Ross Macpherson Smith". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  75. ^ "U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission". United States Government. Archived from the original on January 2, 2012. 
  76. ^ Dierikx, Marc (2008). Clipping the Clouds: How Air Travel Changed the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-313-05945-2. 
  77. ^ "First air-to-air refuelling". National Museum of the US Air Force. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  78. ^ "Lindbergh Flies the Atlantic, 1927". Charles Lindbergh – An American Aviator. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  79. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1987). Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919-1939 (PDF). Maxwell AFB: United States Air Force Historical Research Center. pp. 256–260. 
  80. ^ Harris, Bruce (December 17, 2003). "Magnificent machines, home-grown legends". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  81. ^ Bryan, C.D.B. (1979). The National Air and Space Museum. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 132. ISBN 0-8109-0666-X. 
  82. ^ "First trans-Tasman flight". New Zealand History online. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  83. ^ "Completion of first trans-Tasman solo flight". New Zealand History online. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  84. ^ Ryan, Craig (2003). The Pre-Astronauts: Manned Ballooning on the Threshold of Space. Naval Institute Press. pp. 40–44. ISBN 978-1-591-14748-0. 
  85. ^ Heikell, Edward; Heikell, Robert (2012). One Chance for Glory: First Nonstop Flight Across the Pacific. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-468-00608-7. 
  86. ^ Briand, Paul (1964). Daughter of the Sky. Duell, Sloan, Pearce. p. 77. 
  87. ^ Bonds, Ray (2003). The Illustrated Dictionary of a Century of Flight. Zenith Imprints. pp. 136–139. ISBN 978-0-760-31555-2. 
  88. ^ "1915 - First woman pilot in combat missions as a bomber pilot - Marie Marvingt (France)". Centennial of Women Pilots. Retrieved 10 January 2015. In 1915, Marvingt became the first woman in the world to fly combat missions when she became a volunteer pilot flying bombing missions over German-held territory and she received the Croix de Guerre (Military Cross) for her aerial bombing of a German military base in Metz. 
  89. ^ Historic Wings – Online Magazine; Article on Hélène Dutrieu Coupe Femina and Marie Marvingt:, Published on December 21, 2012: http://fly.historicwings.com/2012/12/helene-dutrieux-and-the-coupe-femina Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  90. ^ Lawson, Eric and Jane (1996). The First Air Campaign: August 1914- November 1918. Da Capo Press. p. 56. ISBN 0-306-81213-4. Eugenie Shakhovskaya, a 25 year old Russian princess, was the first female fighter pilot in history. 
  91. ^ "Women Combat Pilots of WW1". Monash University. Retrieved 10 January 2015. Princess Eugenie M. Shakhovskaya was Russia's first woman military pilot. Served with the 1st Field Air Squadron. Unknown if she actually flew any combat missions, and she was ultimately charged with treason and attempting to flee to enemy lines. Sentenced to death by firing squad, sentence commuted to life imprisonment by the Tsar, freed during the Revolution, became chief executioner for Gen. Tchecka and drug addict, shot one of her assistants in a narcotic delerium and was herself shot. 
  92. ^ "300 Women who changed the world". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 10 January 2015. In Russia, Princess Eugenie Shakhovskaya is the first female military pilot. She flies reconnaissance missions. 
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See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Conquistadors of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America. Dan Hagedorn. University Press of Florida, 2008. ISBN 0-8130-3249-0, ISBN 978-0-8130-3249-8.
  • Leave No Man Behind: The Saga of Combat Search and Rescue. George Galdorisi, Thomas Phillips. MBI Publishing Company, 2009. ISBN 0-7603-2392-5, ISBN 978-0-7603-2392-2.
  • Interpretive History of Flight. M.J.B Davy. Science Museum, London, 1937.