List of flat panel display manufacturers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Flat panel displays are thin panels of glass or plastic used for electronically displaying text, images, or video. LCD (liquid-crystal displays), OLED (organic light emitting diode) and MicroLED displays are not quite the same, since LCD uses a liquid crystal that reacts to an electric current blocking light or allowing it to pass through the panel, whereas OLED/microLED displays consists of electroluminescent organic materials (that include carbon, thus the name organic)/inorganic that generate light when a current is passed through the material. LCD, OLED/MicroLED displays are driven using LTPS, IGZO, LTPO, and A-SI TFT transistor technologies as their backplane using ITO to supply current to the transistors and in turn to the liquid crystal or electroluminescent material. Segment and passive OLED and LCD displays do not use a backplane but use Indium tin oxide(ITO), a transparent conductive material, to pass current to the electroluminescent material or liquid crystal. In LCDs, there is an even layer of liquid crystal throughout the panel whereas an OLED display has the electroluminescent material only where it is meant to light up. OLEDs, LCDs and microLEDs can be made flexible and transparent, but LCDs require a backlight because they cannot emit light on their own like OLEDs and microLEDs.

List of LCD panel manufacturers[edit]

Liquid-crystal display (or LCD) is a thin, flat panel used for electronically displaying information such as text, images, and moving pictures. They are usually made of glass but they can also be made out of plastic using OLCD. Some manufacturers make transparent LCD panels and special sequential color segment LCDs that have higher than usual refresh rates and an RGB backlight. The backlight is synchronized with the display so that the colors will show up as needed. The list of LCD manufacturers:

List of OLED panel manufacturers[edit]

Organic light emitting diode (or OLED displays) is a thin, flat panel made of glass or plastic used for electronically displaying information such as text, images, and moving pictures. OLED panels can also take the shape of a light panel, where red, green and blue light emitting materials are stacked to create a white light panel. OLED displays can also be made transparent and/or flexible and these transparent panels are available on the market and are widely used in smartphones with under-display optical fingerprint sensors. LCD and OLED displays are available in different shapes, the most prominent of which is a circular display, which is used in smartwatches. The list of OLED display manufacturers:

Below are some manufacturers that make OLED light panels:

List of MicroLED panel manufacturers[edit]

MicroLED displays is an emerging flat-panel display technology consisting of arrays of microscopic LEDs forming the individual pixel elements. Like OLED, microLED offers infinite contrast ratio, but unlike OLED, microLED is immune to screen burn-in, and consumes less power while having higher light output, as it uses LEDs instead of organic electroluminescent materials, The list of MicroLED display manufacturers:

Sony produces and sells commercial MicroLED displays called CLEDIS (Crystal-LED Integrated Displays, also called Canvas-LED) in small quantities.[26] Samsung sells a luxury and commercial product called "The Wall", which consists of several microLED display modules tiled together, like in most video walls.

Below are some manufacturers that make MicroLED light panels:

  • Taiwan Luumii
  • United Kingdom Plessey Semiconductors Ltd

List of LCD panel fabrication plants[edit]

This list lists current LCD fabrication facilities, former facilities are below this first table. LCDs are made in a glass substrate. For OLED, the substrate can also be plastic. The size of the substrates are specified in generations, with each generation using a larger substrate. For example, a 4th generation substrate is larger in size than a 3rd generation substrate. A larger substrate allows for more panels to be cut from a single substrate, or for larger panels to be made, akin to increasing wafer sizes in the semiconductor industry. Panel Inputs per month is how many substrates can a plant process per month.

Open[edit]

Company Plant name Plant location Plant cost (in US$ billions) Started production Substrate panel size (in generations) Process technology (TFT, IPS, LTPS, IGZO, etc.) Panel inputs per month
Sharp Taki Mie[27] Japan[28] 1995
Sharp Kameyama Japan[28] 2004 gen 6, gen 8
Sharp Sakai Japan[29] 2016 gen 10 72,000
AU Optronics Longtan Taiwan[30] 2001, 2003, 2004 gen 4, gen 5
AU Optronics Longke Taiwan[30] 2005 gen 6
AU Optronics Guishan Taiwan[30] 2001, 2003 gen 3.5, gen 5
Japan Display, JOLED,[31]former Panasonic[32][33][34] Mobara Japan, Mobara 2006[35] TFT
Japan Display Kaoshiung Taiwan[36] IPS
Japan Display Tottori Japan[37] IPS
Japan Display Higashiura Japan[38] IPS
Japan Display Ishikawa Japan[39] 1.5[40][41][42][43][44] 2016 IPS
BOE Hefei[45] China[46] 6.95[47] 2018[47] gen 10.5[46][48][49] TFT 120,000[50]
BOE Hefei China gen 8.5 TFT
BOE Hefei China gen 6 TFT
BOE Beijing China[46] gen 5 TFT
BOE Ordos China[51] gen 5.5 LTPS
BOE Beijing China[46] gen 8.5 TFT
BOE Chengdu China[46] gen 4.5 TFT
BOE Fuzhou China[46] gen 8.5 TFT
BOE Chongqing China gen 8.5 TFT
BOE Fuqin China gen 8.5 TFT
TCL Shenzhen China[52][53] 9 2019(planned) gen 11[54][55] TFT, IGZO[56] 90,000[57]
TCL gen 8.5 TFT[56]
TCL gen 6 TFT[56]
MYIR Tech Limited Shenzhen, China 2019 TFT[56]
LG Display South Korea gen 10.5[47]
Chungwha Picture Tubes Longtan Taiwan[58] 2002 gen 4.5, gen 6 gen 4.5: 180,000, gen 6: 90,000
Chungwha Picture Tubes Yamme Taiwan[59] gen 4.5, gen 6
Giantplus Technology Bade Plant Taiwan[60] gen 3
Giantplus Technology Hsinchu Plant Taiwan[60] gen 3.5
Giantplus Technology Kunshan Giantplus Optronics Display Technology Co., Ltd China[60]
Giantplus Technology Shenzhen Giantplus Optoelectronics Display Co., Ltd. China[60]
HannStar Display Corporation Nanjing Hannstar Plant Taiwan[61]
HannStar Display Corporation Nanjing Hannspree Plant Taiwan[61]
HKC China[62] 1.7 2017 gen 8.6[63] a-Si 70,000
InnoLux Corporation Taiwan[64]
Sakai Display Products Japan[65] 2009 gen 10[29] 72,000
China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT, also known as Shenzhen Huaxing Photoelectric Technology)[53] China Under construction gen 10.5
China Star Optoelectronics Technology[66] China 3.5 2010 TFT 140,000
China Star Optoelectronics Technology[66] China 3.5 2015 a-Si TFT 100,000
China Star Optoelectronics Technology[66] g11 project, t7[67] China 6.5 2019 gen 10.5 (gen 11) a-Si TFT 90,000
China Star Optoelectronics Technology[66] t6[67] China 7.25 2019 gen 10.5 (gen 11) a-Si TFT 90,000
Winstar[68] Taiwan

Former[edit]

Company Plant name Plant location Plant cost (in US$ billions) Started production Substrate panel size (in generations) Process technology (TFT, IPS, LTPS, IGZO, etc.) Panel inputs per month Ceased Production
Samsung, former S-LCD Asan South Korea 2005, 2007 gen 7, gen 8[69][70] 362,000[71] Late 2016, turned into amoled production[72]
Chungwha Picture Tubes Taoyuan[73] Taiwan[74] 1973(as CRT display factory), 1995 (gen 3), 1997 (gen 4) gen 3, gen 4 TFT gen 3: 40,000, gen4: 72,600 2015, sold to giantplus and tce photomasks, gen 3 still operated by giantplus, gen 4 line sold to giantplus, equipment sold and line demolished, remainder operated by tce
Panasonic Himeji[75] Japan, Himeji 2010 gen 8 TFT 2017, now makes Li-ion batteries[76][77][78]

List of OLED fabrication plants[edit]

Only actual plants are listed, former plants should be placed on a table below this one.

Company Plant name Plant location Plant cost (in US$ billions) Started production Substate panel size (in generations) Process technology (TFT, LTPS, IGZO, LTPO, etc.) Panel inputs per month
AU Optronics[79] Singapore Singapore 2013 gen 4.5
Royole[80] quasi-G6 mass production campus China, Shenzhen 2018 gen 6
Samsung Giheung[81] South Korea, Gyeonggi-do, Yongin
Samsung Chungcheongnamdo, Cheonan[81] South Korea
Samsung Samsung Display Vietnam[81] Vietnam
Samsung Samsung Display Tianjin (SDT)[81] China, Tianjin [82]
Samsung Samsung Display Dongguan (SDD)[81] China, Guangdong
Samsung Samsung Suzhou LCD (SSL), Module (SSM)[81] China, Jiangsu Province, Suzhou Industry Park, Fengli Street
Samsung[83][84] South Korea, Asan 2018 (planned)
Samsung A3[85] South Korea, Asan? 135,000
Samsung A5[85] South Korea, Cheonan? Under construction 180,000–270,000
Samsung A4[85] South Korea, Asan? 45,000 (planned, by the end of 2018)
Samsung A1[85][81] South Korea, Asan 55,000
Samsung A2[85][81] South Korea, Asan 180,000
Samsung South Chungcheong site South Korea, South Chungcheong 12.6[86]
Japan Display Hakusan Japan[87][88][89][90]
Sony[91] Higashiura Japan, Aichi
LG Display[92] Paju Display Cluster[93][94][95] South Korea, Paju-si, Gyeonggi-do 6.9[96] 2004 70,000
LG Display P9[97][98]
LG Display E6[97][98] 1.78[97] 2013[99] gen 6
LG Display E2[97][98] 2013[99] gen 4.5
LG Display P10[100] 8.71[101] 2018 (planned) gen 6
LG Display E5[97][98] South Korea, Gumi 2013[99] gen 6 7,500
LG Display Guangzhou[102] China, Guangzhou 4.2 2019 gen 8.5[103] 60,000
OLEDWorks[104] USA, NY, Rochester
OLEDWorks[104] Germany, Aachen
Wisechip Semiconductor Taiwan, Hsinchu[105] 2008
TCL[106] China, Shenzhen 90,000
TCL[107] China
BOE[108] Ordos China, Ordos gen 5.5
BOE[108] Chengdu[109] China, Chengdu 2018 gen 6
BOE[108] Sichuan[110] China, Sichuan
BOE[108] Hefei[111] China, Hefei gen 8
BOE[108] Mianyang[112] China, Mianyang[112] gen 6
BOE[108] Chongqing[112] China $1.5 Under construction gen 8
China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT, also known as Shenzhen Huaxing Photoelectric Technology)[113] Wuhan China $5.08 Under construction gen 6 LTPS AMOLED 45,000
China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT)[114] Shenzhen China $6.7 2021 (planned) gen 11
Truly Semiconductors[115] Truly Industrial Area China
JOLED[116] Japan, Nomi gen 4.5 Printed OLED
JOLED[116] Japan, Nomi Under construction gen 5.5 Printed OLED
EverDisplay Optronics[117] China 2014 gen 4.5 20,000
EverDisplay Optronics[118] Shanghai China $4.1 2018 gen 6 30,000
Tianma[119] China gen 5.5
Tianma[120] Wuhan China 2017 gen 6
Tianma[121] Xiamen China Under construction gen 6 30,000
Visionox[122] Hebei China $4.5 2018 gen 6 30,000
Visionox[123] Guangzhou China $6.3 Under construction gen 6 30,000

List of MicroLED fabrication plants[edit]

Only actual plants are listed, former plants should be placed on a table below this one.

Company Plant name Plant location Plant cost (in US$ billions) Started production Substrate panel size (in generations) Process technology (TFT, LTPS, IGZO, LTPO, etc.) Panel inputs per month
Luumii[124] Suzhou Suzhou, China 2019 40,000 (increasing to 100,000 by the end of 2019)
Leyard-Epistar[125] Wuxi, China 0.143 2023(under construction)
Plessey Semiconductors Ltd[126] Plessey Semiconductors Ltd Roborough, Plymouth, United Kingdom 2018[127]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History 2010- | History | CASIO". CASIO Official Website.
  2. ^ "East Rising About page". Archived from the original on 2020-06-04. Retrieved 2020-06-04.
  3. ^ "MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC Semiconductors & Devices: Product Information | TFT-LCD Modules". www.mitsubishielectric.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-30. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  4. ^ "CHUNGHWA PICTURE TUBES, LTD. - Milestones". www.cptt.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2008-05-05. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  5. ^ Cantwell, John; Hayashi, Takabumi (January 4, 2019). "Paradigm Shift in Technologies and Innovation Systems". Springer Nature – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "History of the LCD Business : About Tianma Japan, Ltd. | Tianma Japan, Ltd". www.tianma.co.jp.
  7. ^ "Samsung reportedly shifting production of LCD TVs to OLED TVs - FlatpanelsHD". www.flatpanelshd.com.
  8. ^ "Samsung Display has halted local Gen-8 LCD lines: sources". THE ELEC, Korea Electronics Industry Media. August 16, 2019. Archived from the original on April 3, 2020. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-10-12. Retrieved 2020-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Company Visiting". www.htendlcds.com. Archived from the original on 2020-02-07. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  11. ^ "Taiwan's Chunghwa Picture Tubes filed for bankruptcy | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-12-18.
  12. ^ https://www.oled-info.com/tdk
  13. ^ https://www.oled-info.com/tdk-sells-tdk-micro-device-corporation-futaba-corporation
  14. ^ "Innolux | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  15. ^ "JOLED | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  16. ^ "Kyocera Display | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  17. ^ "OLED Display | Main Businesses". Pioneer Corporation. Archived from the original on 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  18. ^ "OLED Product Lineup | OLED Display". Pioneer Corporation. Archived from the original on 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  19. ^ a b "Pioneer | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  20. ^ "RiT Display | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  21. ^ "Sony OLED | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-05-02. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  22. ^ "Sharp | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  23. ^ "We now list Visionox's 6.01" 1080x2160 AMOLED display on the OLED marketplace | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-13. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  24. ^ "Panasonic to withdraw from the OLED lighting market | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  25. ^ "Rohinni and BOE launch a micro-LED JV called BOE Pixey, first products to reach the market by the end of 2020 | MicroLED-Info". www.microled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-12. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  26. ^ "Sony reveals its Cystal-LED MicroLED display prices in Europe | MicroLED-Info". www.microled-info.com. Retrieved 2019-09-14.
  27. ^ "Display Devices Company: SHARP Electronic Components". www.sharp-world.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-23. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  28. ^ a b CORPORATION, SHARP. "環境に配慮したモノづくり 工場からエコ". 工場からエコ:シャープ株式会社. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  29. ^ a b "World's First and Only G10 Plant | Sakai Display Products Corporation". www.sdp.co.jp. Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  30. ^ a b c "AUO TFT- LCD 光電展". AU Optronics Corp. Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  31. ^ "Panasonic-Sony OLED display company raises $229m". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  32. ^ "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". www.bloomberg.com.
  33. ^ "Announcement of a Basic Agreement between Innovation Network Corporation of Japan and Panasonic Corporation regarding the transfer of the Mobara plant of Panasonic Liquid Crystal Display Co., Ltd. | Headquarters News | Panasonic Newsroom Global". news.panasonic.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  34. ^ "Panasonic to pull plug on LCD TV panels". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  35. ^ "Panasonic Opens New Eco Factory in Himeji". Panasonic Newsroom Global. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  36. ^ "Company Information : Global Network|Japan Display Inc". www.j-display.com. Archived from the original on 2019-07-08. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  37. ^ "Company Information : Business Locations : Tottori Plant | Japan Display Inc". www.j-display.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  38. ^ "Company Information : Business Locations : Higashiura Plant | Japan Display Inc". www.j-display.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  39. ^ "Company Information : Business Locations : Ishikawa Plant | Japan Display Inc". www.j-display.com. Archived from the original on 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-05-03. Retrieved 2020-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-04-23. Retrieved 2020-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-04-04. Retrieved 2020-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-12-27. Retrieved 2020-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-03-29. Retrieved 2020-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. ^ "Corning to Invest in Gen 10.5 LCD Glass Substrate Facility in Hefei". www.corning.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  46. ^ a b c d e f "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ a b c "China's BOE fires up next-gen LCD plant". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  48. ^ "High-definition display, display, intelligent system, health services, BOE, BOE official website". www.boe.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  49. ^ "Applied Materials Selected by BOE to Accelerate Production of Large LCD TVs | Applied Materials". www.appliedmaterials.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  50. ^ Ltd, BOE Technology Group Co. "BOE Put into Production the World's First G10.5 TFT-LCD Line Creating New Milestone in Global Display Industry". www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  51. ^ "BOE Display | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  52. ^ "TCL to Build World's Largest Gen 11 LCD Panel Factory". www.businesswire.com. May 19, 2016. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  53. ^ a b "China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT) | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-04-03. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  54. ^ "BOE and CSOT to Double Gen 10.5 Capa-Jun 2, 2017". OLED Association. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  55. ^ "BOE Expects to Start MP at Its Gen 10.5 Fab in December 2017 November 27, 2017". OLED Association. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  56. ^ a b c d "Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT) Acquires Stake in China Display Optoelectronics Technology (CDOT) – dgap.de". www.dgap.de. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  57. ^ "Samsung to help TCL build its new Gen-11 LCD and AMOLED fab | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  58. ^ "中華映管股份有限公司 – 全球據點". www.cptt.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  59. ^ "中華映管股份有限公司 – 公司地圖". www.cptt.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  60. ^ a b c d "Plant Info | GIANTPLUS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD". www.giantplus.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  61. ^ a b "HannStar Display Corporation". www.hannstar.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-26. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  62. ^ "HKC OVERSEAS LIMITED". www.hkcelec.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-11. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  63. ^ "Panel Manufacturers Start to Operate Their New 8th Generation LCD Lines". 대한민국 IT포털의 중심! 이티뉴스. June 19, 2017. Archived from the original on June 30, 2019. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  64. ^ "Innolux Corporation". www.innolux.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-23. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  65. ^ "Company Overview | Sakai Display Products Corporation". www.sdp.co.jp. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  66. ^ a b c d "404 Not Found". www.szcsot.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-21. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  67. ^ a b "TCL's Panel Manufacturer CSOT Commences Production of High Generation Panel Modules". www.businesswire.com. June 14, 2018. Archived from the original on June 30, 2019. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  68. ^ "WINSTAR Display Co., Ltd. – Location". www.winstar.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  69. ^ "Business Place Information – Global Operation | SAMSUNG DISPLAY". www.samsungdisplay.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  70. ^ "Samsung Display Considering Halting Some LCD Production Lines". 비즈니스코리아 - BusinessKorea. August 16, 2019. Archived from the original on April 5, 2020. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  71. ^ "삼성디스플레이 아산캠퍼스를 소개합니다② 아산1캠퍼스". February 20, 2017. Archived from the original on April 1, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  72. ^ Herald, The Korea (July 6, 2016). "Samsung Display accelerates transition from LCD to OLED". www.koreaherald.com. Archived from the original on April 1, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  73. ^ "中華映管股份有限公司 – 全球據點". April 25, 2017. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  74. ^ "中華映管股份有限公司 – 公司地圖". April 25, 2017. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  75. ^ "Panasonic to Increase Automotive Lithium-ion Battery Production in Japan | Headquarters News". Panasonic Newsroom Global. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  76. ^ "Panasonic to make auto batteries at underutilized LCD plant". Nikkei Asian Review.
  77. ^ "Panasonic to end LCD TV panel production – FlatpanelsHD". www.flatpanelshd.com. Archived from the original on 2018-01-10. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  78. ^ "Panasonic to pull plug on LCD panels by 2021". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 2019-12-19. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  79. ^ "AUO finally begins AMOLED mass production at their Singapore's AFPD fab | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  80. ^ "Flexible Display – Royole Corporation". www.royole.com. Archived from the original on 2019-04-14. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  81. ^ a b c d e f g h Byeonghwa, Yeon. "Business Place Information – Global Operation – SAMSUNG DISPLAY". Samsungdisplay.com. Archived from the original on 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  82. ^ Byeonghwa, Yeon. "History – Company Profile – Samsung Display". Samsungdisplay.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  83. ^ "Samsung Electronics Begins Mass Production at New Semiconductor Plant in Pyeongtaek, South Korea". news.samsung.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  84. ^ "Samsung Is Investing $18 Billion in Memory Chip Production". Fortune. Archived from the original on 2018-02-18. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  85. ^ a b c d e www.etnews.com. "Samsung Display to Construct World's Biggest OLED Plant". Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  86. ^ "Samsung to slash OLED panel output as iPhone X slumps". Nikkei Asian Review. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  87. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-04-07. Retrieved 2020-04-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  88. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-04-04. Retrieved 2020-04-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  89. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-03-29. Retrieved 2020-04-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  90. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-12-27. Retrieved 2020-04-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  91. ^ "生産拠点一覧|会社案内|ソニーセミコンダクタマニュファクチャリング株式会社". Sony-semiconductor.co.jp. Archived from the original on 2019-07-13. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  92. ^ "South Korea – Global Network – Company – LG Display". Lgdisplay.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  93. ^ "[CHILLER] WORLD'S LARGEST DISPLAY MANUFACTURING COMPLEX : LG DISPLAY PAJU CLUSTER". LG HVAC STORY. 2016-12-29. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  94. ^ Colantonio, Andrea; Burdett, Richard; Rode, Philipp (2013-08-15). Transforming Urban Economies: Policy Lessons from European and Asian Cities. Routledge. ISBN 9781134622160. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  95. ^ "Paju Electric Glass Holds Ground Breaking Ceremony at Paju Display Cluster". Businesswire.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  96. ^ "LG Bets Display Future on Paju Cluster". koreatimes (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  97. ^ a b c d e "LG Display Invests US $1.78M in Flexible OLED Display Production Line – LEDinside". Ledinside.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  98. ^ a b c d "LGD to build an additional 6-Gen flexible OLED line, the E6 line, by H2 2018". Oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  99. ^ a b c "LG: OLED TV lifespan is now 100,000 hours - FlatpanelsHD". www.flatpanelshd.com. Archived from the original on 2019-12-22. Retrieved 2019-12-22.
  100. ^ "News – Press Center | LG Display". Lgdisplay.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  101. ^ "South Korea's LG Display to invest $8.7 billion in new OLED plant". Reuters. 2015-11-27. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  102. ^ "LG Display's OLED plant in China set to begin full operations next month". www.theinvestor.co.kr. Archived from the original on 2020-02-15. Retrieved 2019-08-24.
  103. ^ Shilov, Anton. "LG's New 55+ inch OLED Plant in China Opens: Over 1m+ per Year". www.anandtech.com. Archived from the original on 2019-09-14. Retrieved 2019-12-18.
  104. ^ a b "About | OLEDWorks". www.oledworks.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
  105. ^ www.wisechip.com.tw. "WiseChip History – WiseChip Semiconductor Inc". www.wisechip.com.tw. Archived from the original on 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  106. ^ "Samsung to help TCL build its new Gen-11 LCD and AMOLED fab – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  107. ^ "China Star Optoelectronics Technology (CSOT) – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  108. ^ a b c d e f "BOE Display – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
  109. ^ "BOE to ship its first flexible OLEDs (5.5-inch) to Huawei – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  110. ^ "BOE signs a framework agreement for a $6.87 billion Gen-6 AMOLED fab in Sichuan – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  111. ^ "BOE to use Kateeva's inkjet printed to establish a pilot OLED TV production line in Hefei – OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-06-09.
  112. ^ a b c "China's BOE to have world's largest TFT-LCD+AMOLED capacity in 2019". ihsmarkit.com. 2017-03-22. Archived from the original on 2019-08-16. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  113. ^ "Local group takes on South Korean monopoly – Business – Chinadaily.com.cn". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  114. ^ "TCL/CSoT plans to build a 11-Gen LCD+OLED TV fab in Shenzhen by 2021 | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  115. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-06-12. Retrieved 2019-06-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  116. ^ a b Shilov, Anton. "JOLED Starts Construction of New Printed OLED Facility". www.anandtech.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-30. Retrieved 2019-06-30.
  117. ^ "Everdisplay confirms AMOLED mass production in Q4 2014 | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  118. ^ "EDO progresses with the construction of its 6-Gen flexible AMOLED fab in Shanghai | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  119. ^ "Tianma | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  120. ^ "Tianma Micro-electronics starts production at 6G AMOLED factory". DIGITIMES. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  121. ^ "LG sets foot on OLED front-end manufacturing equipment market | IT Eco Map & News Navigator". itersnews.com. Archived from the original on 2018-10-22. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  122. ^ "Visionox starts producing flexible OLEDs at its 6-Gen fab in Hebei | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  123. ^ "Visionox announces plans to build a 2nd 6-Gen flexible OLED line in Hefei | OLED-Info". www.oled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2019-06-09. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  124. ^ "Luumii MicroLED Joint Venture Enters Mass Production Phase". Rohinni. Retrieved 2019-09-14.
  125. ^ "Epistar and Leyard Opto-Electronics to build a $142 million micro-LED and mini-LED production fab in China | MicroLED-Info". www.microled-info.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-12. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  126. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2019-10-25. Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  127. ^ "Progress Updates from 10 Companies in the Global Micro LED Manufacturing Force". www.ledinside.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-25. Retrieved 2019-10-25.

External links[edit]